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Charles Rufus Skinner.

Manual of patriotism : for use in the public schools of the State of New York online

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Stand for the right till the nations shall own
Freedom their sovereign, with law for her throne!

Freedom! Sweet Freedom! Our voices resound,
Queen by God's blessing, unsceptered, uncrowned!
Freedom! Sweet Freedom! Our pulses repeat,
Warm with her life blood, as long as they beat!



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MANUAL OF PATRIOTISM.

Fold the broad banner-stripes over her breast,
Crown her with star-jewels, Queen of the West!
Earth for her heritage, God for her friend,
She shall reign over us, world without end!

— Oliver Wendell Holmes.



SONG FOR INDEPENDENCE.

Hail to the planting of Liberty's Tree!
Hail to the charter declaring us free!

Millions of voices are chanting its praises,
Millions of worshippers bend at its shrine,

Wherever the sun of America blazes,
Wherever the stars of our bright banner shine.

Sing to the heroes who breasted the flood

That, swelling, rolled o'er them, a deluge of blood.

Fearless they clung to the ark of the nation,
And dashed on 'mid lightning, and thunder, and blast,

Till Peace, like the dove, brought her branch of salvation,
And Liberty's mount was their refuge at last.

Bright is the beautiful land of our birth,

The home of the homeless all over the earth.

Oh! Let us ever, with fondest devotion,
The freedom our fathers bequeathed us watch o'er,

Till the angel shall stand on the earth and the ocean,
And shout 'mid earth's ruins that Time is no more.

— Alfred B. Street.



THE UNION.

SELECTIONS.

I profess, sir, in my career hitherto, to have kept steadily in view
the prosperity and honor of the whole country, and the preservation
of our Federal Union. It is to that Union we owe our safety at home,
and our consideration and dignity abroad. It is to that Union that
we are chiefly indebted for whatever makes us most proud of our
country. That Union we reached only by the discipline of our virtue
in the severe school of adversity. It had its origin in the necessities of
disordered finance, prostrate commerce and ruined credit. Under its
benign influences, these great interests immediately awoke, as from
the dead, and sprang forth with newness of life. Every year of its dura-
tion has teemed with fresh proof of its utility and its blessings, and
although our country has stretched out, wider and wider, and our
population spread farther and farther, they have not outrun its protec-
tion or its benefits. It has been to us all a copious fountain of national,
social, and personal happiness. — Daniel Webster.

There are four things which I humbly conceive are essential to the
well-being — I may even venture to say, to the existence — of the
United States, as an independent power.

First. An indissoluble Union of the states under one Federal head.

Second. A sacred regard to public justice.

Third. The adoption of a proper peace establishment.

Fourth. The prevalence of that pacific and friendly disposition
among the people of the United States which will induce them to
forget their local prejudices and politics; to make those mutual con-i
cessions which are requisite to the general prosperity; and, in some
instances, to sacrifice their individual advantages to the interest of the
community.

These are the pillars on which the glorious fabric of our inde-
pendence and national character must be supported. Liberty is the

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MANUAL OF PATRIOTISM.



basis. And whoever would dare to sap the foundation, or overturn the
structure, under whatever specious pretext he may attempt it, will
merit the bitterest execration and the severest punishment which can
be inflicted by his injured country. — George Washington.

While every part of our country feels an immediate and particular
interest in Union, all the parts combined cannot fail to find, in the
united mass of means and efforts, greater strength, greater resource,
proportionably greater security from external danger, a less frequent
interruption of their peace by foreign nations; and, what is of inestima-
ble value, they must derive from the Union an exemption from those
broils and wars between themselves which so frequently afflict neigh-
boring countries not tied together by the same government, which
their own rivalships alone would be sufficient to produce, but which
opposite foreign alliances, attachments, and intrigues would stimulate
and embitter. Hence, likewise, they will avoid the necessity of those
overgrown military establishments which, under any form of govern-
ment, are inauspicious to liberty, and which are to be regarded as par-
ticularly hostile to Republican Liberty. In this sense it is that your
Union ought to be considered as a main prop of your liberty, and that
the love of the one ought to endear to you the preservation of the other.
— George Washington.

If Washington were now amongst us, and if he could draw around
him the shades of the great public men of his own days — patriots and
warriors, orators and statesmen — and were to address us in their pres-
ence, would he not say to us: " Ye men of this generation, I rejoice and
thank God for being able to see that our labors and toils and sacrifices
were not in vain. The fire of liberty burns brightly and steadily in your
hearts, while duty and the law restrain it from bursting forth in wild
and destructive conflagration. Cherish liberty as you love it, cherish
its securities as you wish to preserve it. Maintain the Constitution
which we labored so painfully to establish, and which has been to you
such a source of inestimable blessings. Preserve the Union of the
States, cemented as it was by our prayers, our tears, and our blood.



SELECTIONS ON THE UNION. tfl

Be true to God, your country, and your duty. So shall that Almighty
Power, which so graciously protected us, and which now protects you,
shower its everlasting blessings upon you and your posterity." — Daniel
Webster.

A nation may be said to consist of its territory, its people, and its
laws. The territory is the only part which is of certain durability.
" One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh, but
the earth abideth forever." It is of the first importance to duly con-
sider and estimate this ever-enduring part. That portion of the earth's
surface which is owned and inhabited by the people of the United
States is well adapted to be the home of one national family, and it is
not well adapted for two or more. Its vast extent, and its variety of
climate and productions, are of advantage in this age for one people,
whatever they might have been in former ages. Steam, telegraphs,
and intelligence have brought these to be an advantageous combina-
tion for one united people. There is no line, straight or crooked, suit-
able for a national boundary, upon which to divide. Trace through
from East to West upon the line between the free and slave country,
and we shall find a little more than one-third of its length are rivers,
easy to be crossed and populated, or soon to be populated thickly upon
both sides; while nearly all its remaining length are merely surveyor's
lines, over which people may walk back and forth without any con-
sciousness of their presence. No part of this line can be made any
more difficult to pass by writing it down on paper or parchment as a
national boundary. — Abraham Lincoln.

For my part, I have never believed in isothermal lines, air lines
and water lines separating distinct races. I no more believe that that
river yonder, dividing Indiana and Kentucky, marks off two distinct
species than I believe that the great Hudson, flowing through the
state of New York, marks off distinct species. Such theories only live
in the fancy of morbid minds. We are all one people. Commercially,
financially, morally, we are one people. Divide as we will into parties,
we are one people.

* * * * * * *



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MANUAL OF PATRIOTISM.



The silken folds that twine about us here, for all their soft and
careless grace, are yet as strong as hooks of steel. They hold together
a united people and a great nation. The South says to the North, as
simply and as truly as was said three thousand years ago in that far
away meadow by the side of the mystic sea: " Thy people shall be my
people, and thy God, my God." — Henry Watterson.

My fellow countrymen of the North, we join you in setting apart
this land as an enduring monument of peace, brotherhood, and per-
petual union. I repeat the thought, with additional emphasis, with
singleness of heart and of purpose, in the name of a common country,
and of universal human liberty; and, by the blood of our fallen brothers,
we unite in the solemn consecration of these hallowed hills, as a holy
eternal pledge of fidelity to the life, freedom, and unity of this cherished
Republic. — John B. Gordon.

What the sun is in the heavens, diffusing light and warmth, and,
by its subtle influence, holding the planets in their orbits, and preserv-
ing the harmony of the universe, such is the sentiment of nationality
in a people, diffusing life and protection in every direction, holding the
faces of Americans always toward their homes, protecting the states
in the exercise of their just powers, and preserving the harmony of
all. We must have a Nation. It is a necessity of our political existence.
We should cherish the idea that, while the states have their rights,
sacred and inviolable, which we should guard with untiring vigilance,
never permitting an encroachment upon them, and ever remembering
that such encroachment is as much a violation of the Constitution of
the United States as to encroach upon the rights of the general gov-
ernment, still bear in mind that the states are but subordinate parts of
one great nation; that the nation is over all, even as God is over the
universe. — Oliver P. Morton.

There is nothing more national in all this Republic than the spirit
that saved the Union. The soldiers fought for the whole Union, and
the spirit that animated us was the spirit of nationality against the spirit
of sectionalism, and, in defending the truths for which we fought, we
were national to the core and sectional in nothing. It was the spirit



SELECTIONS ON THE UNION. 363

of sectionalism against which we fought, and the spirit of broad, united
nationality which we defended, and will defend while we live * * *
What could be more national as a material thing than the Mississippi
River? We made that the river of one people, from Fort Benton, far
up under the British line, down to the gulf; and every wave, every
drop from the lakes at the far north goes singing of the Union all the
way down till it joins the tropical ocean, and we made the song of the
Union ring along its banks, and the people that inhabit its shores, one
people, I trust, forever. The mountain chains that God made are
one, and we made the people and the government that dwell on these
mountains, in these valleys, — one, like the ocean, — one, like the ever-
lasting hills, and one will we be with them forevermore. — James A.
Garfield, Address at a Reunion.

The drama of the Revolution opened in New England, culminated
in New York, and closed in Virginia. It was a happy fortune that the
three colonies which represented the various territorial sections of the
settled continent were each in turn the chief seat of war. The com-
mon sacrifice, the common struggle, the common triumph, tended to
weld them locally, politically, and morally together. * * * The
voice of Patrick Henry from the mountains answered that of James
Otis by the sea. Paul Revere's lantern shone through the valley of
the Hudson, and flashed along the cliffs of the Blue Ridge. The scat-
tering volley of Lexington Green swelled to the triumphant thunder
of Saratoga, and the reverberation of Burgoyne's falling arms in New
York shook those of Cornwallis in Virginia from his hands. Doubts,
jealousies, prejudices, were merged in one common devotion. The
union of the colonies to secure liberty foretold the union of the states
to maintain it, and wherever we stand on revolutionary fields, or inhale
the sweetness of revolutionary memories, we tread the ground and
breathe the air of invincible national union. — George William Curtis,
Oration on Burgoyne's Surrender.

While the Union lasts, we have high, exciting, gratifying pros-
pects spread out before us, for us and our children. Beyond that, I
seek not to penetrate the veil. God grant that in my day, at least, that



3 6 4



MANUAL OF PATRIOTISM.



curtain may not rise! God grant that on my vision never may be
opened what lies behind! When my eyes shall be turned to behold for
the last time the sun in heaven, may I not see him shining on the broken
and dishonored fragments of a once glorious Union; on states, dis-
severed, discordant, belligerent; on a land rent with civil feuds, or
drenched, it may be, with fraternal blood! Let their last feeble and
lingering glance rather behold the glorious ensign of the Republic, now
known and honored throughout the earth, still full high advanced, its
arms and trophies streaming in their original lustre, not a stripe erased
or polluted, nor a single star obscured, bearing for its motto no such
miserable interrogatory as — What is all this worth? — nor those other
words of delusion and folly — Liberty first and Union afterwards —
but everywhere, spread all over in characters of living light, blazing on
all its ample folds, as they float over the sea and over the land, and in
every wind under the whole heavens, that other sentiment, dear to
every true American heart — Liberty and Union, now and forever, one
and inseparable. — Daniel Webster.

We cannot escape history. We of this Congress, and this admin-
istration will be remembered in spite of ourselves. No personal signifi-
cance or insignificance can spare one or another of us. The fiery trial
through which we pass will light us down in honor or dishonor to the
latest generation. We say that we are for the Union. The world will
not forget that we say this. We know how to save the Union. The
world knows we do know how to save it. We — even we here — hold
the power and bear the responsibility. In giving freedom to the slave,
we assure freedom to the free — honorable alike in what we give and
what we preserve. We shall nobly save or meanly lose the last hope
of earth. Other means may succeed; this could not, cannot, fail. This
way is plain, peaceful, generous, just — a way which, if followed, the
world will forever applaud, and God must forever bless. — Abraham Lin-
coln.

The nation has been at war, not within its own shores, but with a
foreign power, a war waged not for revenge or aggrandizement, but
for our oppressed neighbors, for their freedom and amelioration. It
was short, but decisive. It recorded a succession of significant victories



SELECTIONS ON THE UNION.



365



on land and on sea. It gave new honors to American arms. It has
brought new problems to the Republic, whose solution will tax the
genius of our people. United we will meet and solve them, with honor
to ourselves, and to the lasting benefit of all concerned. The war
brought us together; its settlement will keep us together.

Reunited! Glorious realization! It expresses the thought of my
mind, and the long deferred consummation of my heart's desire as I
stand in this presence. It interprets the hearty demonstration here
witnessed, and is the patriotic refrain of all sections and all lovers of the
Republic.

Reunited, one country again and one country forever. Proclaim it
from the press and pulpit; teach it in the schools; write it across the
skies. The world sees and feels it. It cheers every heart, North and
South, and brightens the life of every American home. Let nothing
ever strain it again. At peace with all the world and with each other,
what can stand in the pathway of our progress and prosperity? —
William McKinley.

UNION AND LIBERTY.

Flag of the heroes who left us their glory,

Borne through their battlefield's thunder and flame,
Blazoned in song and illumined in story,
Wave o'er us all who inherit their fame!

Up with our banner bright,

Sprinkled with starry light,
Spread its fair emblems from mountain to shore,

While through the sounding sky

Loud rings the Nation's cry,
Union and Liberty! One Evermore!

Light of our firmament, guide of our Nation,

Pride of her children, and honored afar,
Let the wide beams of thy full constellation

Scatter each cloud that would darken a star!

********

Lord of the Universe! Shield us and guide us,
Trusting Thee always, through shadow and sun!

Thou hast united us, who shall divide us?
Keep us, O keep us, the MANY IN ONE.

— Oliver Wendell Holmes.



CITIZENSHIP.

SELECTIONS.

Citizens by birth or choice, of a common country, that country
has a right to concentrate your affections. The name of Ameri-
can, which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always
exalt the just pride of patriotism, more than any appellation derived
from local discriminations. With slight shades of difference, you
have the same religion, manners, habits, and political principles. You
have, in a common cause, fought and triumphed together. The inde-
pendence and liberty you possess are the work of joint counsels, and
joint efforts, of common dangers, sufferings and successes.

>|C JjC 5fC 3j£ 5jC 5JC >JC

From the gallantry and fortitude of her citizens, under the auspices
of Heaven, America has derived her independence. To their indus-
try, and the natural advantages of the country, she is indebted for
her prosperous situation. From their virtue, she may expect long to
share the protection of a free and equal government, which their wis-
dom has established, and which experience justifies, as admirably
adapted to our social wants and individual felicity. — George Washington.

The virtue, moderation, and patriotism which marked the steps
of the American people, in framing, adopting, and thus far carrying
into effect our present system of government, have excited the admi-
ration of nations. It only now remains for us to act up to those
principles which should characterize a free and enlightened people,
that we may gain respect abroad, and insure happiness to ourselves
and our posterity. — George Washington.

To complete the American character, it remains for the citizens

of the United States to show to the world that the reproach heretofore

cast on Republican governments, for their want of stability, is without

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SELECTIONS ON CITIZENSHIP. 367

foundation when that government is the deliberate choice of an enlight-
ened people. And I am fully persuaded that every well-wisher to the
happiness and prosperity of this country will evince, by his conduct,
that we live under a government of laws, and that, while we preserve
inviolate our national faith, we are desirous to live in amity with all
mankind. — George Washington.

There can be no such thing, in the highest sense, as a home, unless
you own it. There must be an incentive to plant trees, to beautify the
grounds, to preserve and improve. It elevates a man to own a home.
It gives a certain independence, a force of character, that is obtained
in no other way. Homes make patriots. He who has sat by his own
fireside, with wife and children, will defend it. Few men have been
patriotic enough to shoulder a musket in defense of a boarding-house.
The prosperity and glory of our country depend upon the number of
people who are the owners of homes.



A man does not vote in this country simply because he is rich;
he does not vote in this country simply because he has an education;
he does not vote simply because he has talent or genius; we say that
he votes because he is a man, and that he has his manhood to support;
and we admit in this country that nothing can be more valuable to
any human being than his manhood, and for that reason we put poverty
on an equality with wealth. If you are a German, remember that this
country is kinder to you than your fatherland, — no matter what coun-
try you came from, remember that this country is an asylum, and vote,
as in your conscience you believe you ought to vote, to keep this flag
in heaven. I beg every American to stand with that part of the coun-
try that believes in law, in freedom of speech, in an honest vote, in
civilization, in progress, in human liberty, and in universal justice. —
Robert G. Ingersoll.

It is the work of this generation to prove to the nineteenth cen-
tury, in the face of Christendom, and for the race, the fact that the
people do actually govern, and that what twenty millions of freemen



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MANUAL OF PATRIOTISM.



determine, shall be done. The American Republic must live! Popu-
lar commotion and partisan fury may dash their mad wars against it,
but they shall roll back shattered, spent. Persecution shall not shake
it, fanaticism disturb it, nor revolutions change it. But it shall stand
towering sublime, like the last mountain in the deluge, while the earth
rocks at its feet and the thunders peal over its head, — majestic, immu-
table, magnificent! — Wendell Phillips.

It is hard to believe that there is any necessity to warn Americans
that, when they seek to model themselves on the lines of other civiliza-
tions, they make themselves the butts of all right-thinking men; and
yet the necessity certainly exists to give this warning to many of our
citizens who pride themselves on their standing in the world of art
and letters, or, perchance, on what they would style their social leader-
ship in the community. We Americans can only do our alloted task
well if we face it steadily and bravely, seeing, but not fearing, the
dangers. Above all, we must stand shoulder to shoulder, not asking
as to the ancestry or creed of our comrades, but only demanding chat
they be in very truth Americans, and that we all work together, —
heart, hand, and head, — for the honor and the greatness of our com-
mon country. — Theodore Roosevelt.

In the efforts of the people — of the people struggling for their
rights — moving, not in organized disciplined masses, but in their spon-
taneous action, man for man and heart for heart, there is something
glorious. The people always conquer. They always must conquer.
Armies may be defeated, kings may be overthrown, and new dynasties
be imposed, by foreign arms on an ignorant and slavish race, that care
not in what language the covenant of their subjugation runs, nor in
whose name the deed of their barter and sale is made out. But the
people never invade; and, when they rise against the invader, are never
subdued. If they are driven from the plains, they fly to the moun-
tains. Steep rocks and everlasting hills are their castles; the tangled,
pathless thicket their palisade, and nature, God, is their ally. Now He
overwhelms the hosts of their enemies beneath His drifting mountains
of sand; now He buries them beneath a falling atmosphere of polar



SELECTIONS ON CITIZENSHIP.



369



snows; He lets loose His tempests on their fleets; He puts a folly into
their counsels, a madness into the hearts of their leaders; and He never
gave, and never will give, a final triumph over a virtuous and gallant
people, resolved to be free. — Edward Everett.

The faith of our people in the stability and permanence of their
institutions was like their faith in the eternal course of nature. Peace,
liberty and personal security were blessings as common and universal
as sunshine and showers and fruitful seasons; and all sprang from a
single source, the principle declared in the Pilgrim Covenant of 1620,
that all owed due submission and obedience to the lawfully expressed
will of the majority. This is not one of the doctrines of our political
system, it is the system itself. It is our political firmament, in which
all other truths are set, as stars in the heaven. It is the encasing air,
the breath of the Nation's life. — James A. Garfield.

Have you thought what the government has cost? Do you real-
ize what free government means? Do you remember, as you have
read the story of ages gone, how the barons met at Runnymede? Do
you remember how they wrested a charter from the king? Do you
remember how the Ironsides went into battle? Do you remember
the psalm that rang out at the shock of the conflict? Do you remem-
ber Faneuil Hall, and Massachusetts, and John Hancock? Do you
remember Carpenter's Hall and Benjamin Franklin? Do you remem-
ber Virginia and George Washington? Do you remember what the
liberty we have has cost, and are you willing, because of fashion,
because of ease, because of social enjoyment, are you willing to let



Online LibraryCharles Rufus SkinnerManual of patriotism : for use in the public schools of the State of New York → online text (page 23 of 31)