Charles Rufus Skinner.

Manual of patriotism : for use in the public schools of the State of New York online

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the Republic get into the rapids simply because there are not strong
men straining at the oars and keeping us back in the midstream of
safety? — Stezvart L. Woodford.

The supreme glory of our heroism in the Civil War was founded
in the greatness of the common people. Do you tell me that they
were unknown — that they commanded no battalions, determined no
policies, sat in no military councils, rode at the head of no regiments?
Be it so. All the more are they the fitting representatives of you and


me — the people. Never in all history was there a war, whose aims,
whose policy, whose sacrifices were so absolutely determined by the
people, that great body of the unknown, in which, after all, lay the
strength and power of the Republic. When some one reproached
Lincoln for the seeming hesitancy of his policy, he answered, " I stand
for the people. I am going just as fast and as far as I can feel them
behind me." — Henry C. Potter.

I can most religiously aver, I have no wish that is incompatible
with the dignity, happiness, and true interest of the people of this
country. My ardent desire is, and my aim has been, so far as depended
upon the Executive Department, to comply strictly with all our engage-
ment, foreign and domestic: but to keep the United States free from
political connections with every other country, to see them independent
of all, and under the influence of none. In a word, I want an Ameri-
can Character, that the powers of Europe may be convinced we act
for ourselves, and not for others. This, in my judgment, is the only
way to be respected abroad, and happy at home. — George Washington.

There was never a time when we had a right to feel prouder of
our country. We take, every ten years, a census of our material
advancement. I wish we might take, once in a while, a census of
brave deeds and brave thoughts; a census which would show the prog-
ress of the people of our Republic in heroism, in patriotism, in the
instinct of honor, in the sense of duty. I know that our history at this
hour is full of good hope.

There never was a people who, as to the great subjects of public
conduct, were actuated by a finer, by a profounder sense of duty and
a clearer sense of justice than the people of the United States in this
generation and at this hour. — George F. Hoar.

We shall never be successful over the dangers that confront us;
we shall never achieve true greatness, nor reach the lofty ideal which


the founders and preservers of our mighty Federal Republic have set
before us, unless we are Americans in heart and soul, in spirit and
purpose, keenly alive to the responsibility implied in the very name
of American, and proud beyond measure of the glorious privilege of
bearing it. — Theodore Roosevelt.

We know as well as any other class of American citizens where
our duties belong. We will work for our country in time of peace
and fight for it in time of war, if a time of war should ever come. When
I say our country, I mean, of course, our adopted country. I mean
the United States of America. After passing through the crucible
of naturalization we are no longer Germans; we are Americans. Our
attachment to America cannot be measured by the length of our resi-
dence here. We are Americans from the moment we touch the Ameri-
can shore until we are laid in American graves. We will fight for
America whenever necessary. America, first, last, and all the time.
America against Germany, America against the world; America, right
or wrong; always America. We are Americans.— Richard Guenther, of
Wisconsin, in a speech at the time of the Samoan trouble.

Men who wish to work for decent politics must work practically,
and yet must not swerve from their devotion to a high ideal. They
must actually do things, and not merely confine themselves to criticis-
ing those who do them. They must work disinterestedly, and appeal
to the disinterested element in others, although they must also do work
which will result in the material betterment of the community. They
must act as Americans through and through, in spirit and hope and
purpose, and, while being disinterested, unselfish and generous in their
dealings with others, they must also show that they possess the essen-
tial manly virtues of energy, of resolution, and of indomitable personal
courage. — Theodore Roosevelt.

Citizenship has its duties as well as its privileges. The first is
that we give our energies and influence to the enactment of just, equal
and beneficent laws. The second is like unto it: that we loyally rever-


ence and obey the will of the majority, whether we are of the majority
or not; the law throws the aegis of its protection over us all. There
is an open avenue through the ballot-box for the modification or
repeal of laws that are unjust or oppressive. To the law we bow with
reverence. It is the one king that commands our allegiance. — Benja-
min Harrison.

Constitutions do not make people; people make constitutions.
Our constitution is great and admirable, because the men who made
it were so and the people who ratified it and have lived under it were
and are brave, intelligent, and lovers of liberty. There is a higher
sanction and a surer protection to life and liberty, to the right of free
speech and trial by jury, to justice and humanity, in the traditions,
the beliefs, the habits of mind, and the character of the American peo-
ple than any which can be afforded by any constitution, no matter how
wisely drawn. If the American people were disposed to tyranny, injus-
tice and oppression, a constitution would offer but a temporary barrier
to their ambitions, and the reverence for the constitution, and for law
and justice, grows out of the fact that the American people believe in
freedom and humanity, in equal justice to all men and in equal rights
before the law, and while they so believe the great doctrine of the
Declaration of Independence and of the Constitution will never be in
peril. — Henry Cabot Lodge, Speech on the adoption of the Spanish-
American Treaty, United States Senate, January 24, 1899.

Let reverence of the law be breathed by every mother to the lisping
babe that prattles on her lap; let it be taught in schools, seminaries, and
colleges; let it be written in primers, spelling-books, and almanacs; let
it be preached from pulpits, and proclaimed in legislative halls, and
enforced in courts of justice; in short, let it become the political religion
of the Nation. — Abraham Lincoln.








The glorious Union is our world. — Daniel S. Dickinson.

Our Country — the strongest, richest, freest, happiest of the nations of the earth.
— George F. Hoar.

Valor's home and Freedom's lov'd retreat!

— William Leggett.

One country, one Constitution, one destiny.— Daniel Webster.

The glorious Union our fathers gave us till time shall be no more. — Reverdy

Let all the ends thou aim'st at be thy Country's,
Thy God's and Truth's.

— William Shakespeare.

Never was a people so advantageously situated for working out the great prob-
lem of human liberty.— Henry A. Boordman.

The American Nation! Its men are as brave, energetic and dauntless as they are
honest. — Nicholas, Czar of Russia.

O land! of every land the best,

O land! whose glory shall increase.

— Phoebe Cary.

An indissoluble Union of indestructible States, one flag, one country, one destiny!
— Daniel Webster.

I am an American; I know no country but America, and no locality in America
that is not my country. — Daniel Webster.

The blue arch above us is Liberty's dome,
The green fields beneath us, Equality's home.

— Hezekiah Butterworth.




The people's government; made for the people; made by the people; and answer-
able to the people. — Daniel Webster.

We are Americans, we will live Americans and we will die Americans.— Daniel

Freedom's soul has only place
For a free and fearless race.

— John G. Whittier.

Above all, we must stand shoulder to shoulder for the honor and the greatness
of our country.— Theodore Roosevelt.

There never existed an example before of a free community spreading over such
an extent of territory. — John C. Calhoun.

Here began the kingdom not of kings, but men;
Began the making of the world again.

— John Boyle O'Reilly.

Here the people govern. Here they act by their immediate representatives.—
Alexander Hamilton.

In our federal relations I know but one section, one union, one flag, one govern-
ment.— Daniel S. Dickinson.

We're bound by mutual ties,

No hostile hands are ours,
From where Maine's snowy mountains rise,

To the fair land of flowers.

— William L. Shoemaker.

We are to constitute all together, North, South, East, West, one government.
— Hilary A. Herbert.

The best son of his country is he who gives the best manhood to his country —

Hail, America, hail! the glory of lands!

To thee high honors are given,
Thy stars shall blaze till the moon veil her rays,

And the sun lose his pathway in heaven.

— Jonathan M. Sewell.


The love of my country will be the ruling influence of my conduct. — George

One God, one country, one destiny. This is the gospel of American nationality.
— Wendell Phillips.

Our country is a goodly land;

We'll keep her always whole and hale;
We'll love her, live for her, or die;

To fall for her is not to fail.

— Francis Lieber.

Every good citizen makes his country's honor his own, and cherishes it not only
as precious, but as sacred. — Andrew Jackson.

I know no North, no South, no East, no West to which I owe any allegiance. —
Henry Clay.

My country! ay, thy sons are proud,

True heirs of freedom's glorious dower,
For never here has knee been bowed

In homage to a mortal power.

— Mrs. Sarah J. Hale.

Let every man that lives and owns himself an American take the side of true
American principles. — Henry Ward Beecher.

The heritage of American youth is equal opportunities in a land of equal rights. —
William L. Wilson.

Columbia! First and fairest gem
On Nature's brow — a diadem
Whose lustre, bright as heavenly star,
The light of Freedom sheds afar.

— P. S. Gilmore.

Every American should be proud of his whole country, rather than a part. —
William Tecumseh Sherman.

We of this generation and nation, occupy the Gibraltar of the ages which com-
mands the world's future. — Josiah Strong.

The nation Thou hast blest

May well Thy love declare
From foes and fears at rest,

Protected by Thy care.

— Francis Scott Key.



Territory is but the body of a nation. The people who inhabit its hills and
its valleys are its soul, its spirit, its life.— James A. Garfield.

Of the whole sum of human life no small part is that which consists of a man's
relations to his country and his feelings concerning it.— William Ewart Gladstone.

Land of the West — beneath the heaven
There's not a fairer, lovelier clime;
Nor one to which was ever given
A destiny more high, sublime.

— W.D. Gallagher.

Without Union our independence and liberty would never have been achieved;
without Union they cannot be maintained. — Andrew Jackson.

Liberty has a more extensive and durable foundation in the United States than
it ever has had in any other age or country.— George McDulhe.

O! make Thou us through centuries long,

In peace secure, in justice strong;
Around our gift of freedom draw

The safeguards of Thy righteous law.

— John G. Whittier.

Driven from every other corner of the earth, freedom of thought and the right
of private judgment in matters of conscience direct their course to this happy country
as their last asylum. — Samuel Adams.

The Fathers of the Republic, in their almost inspiration, saw clearly that a gov-
ernment to be enduring and free must be a Union, not of States, but of the people,
and they fashioned their work accordingly. — Roscoe Conkling.

Their country first, their glory and their pride,
Land of their hopes, land where their fathers died,
When in the right, they'll keep their honor bright,
When in the wrong, they'll die to set it right.

— James T. Fields.

May this immense Temple of Freedom ever stand a lesson to oppressors, an
example to the oppressed, a sanctuary for the rights of mankind.— Marquis de


No words can depict, no pen can describe, the wonderful variety, richness,
grandeur and beauty which the Almighty has stamped upon this, our favored land.—
John Sherman.

O Nation great, State linked to State, in bonds that none can break,
From ocean unto ocean, from Gulf to northern lake!
State linked to State, fate linked to fate, in mart and mint and mine,
In rolling plain of golden grain, in toss of plumy pine.

— Kate D. Sherwood.

Now every man, woman and child is raised to the dignity of an American free-
man, and that bright, triumphant banner of liberty now floats proudly over every
foot of American soil.— /. C. Parker.

We are all one, and we will maintain our nation as it was handed down to us,
the most priceless heritage that ever sons inherited.— Gen. Nelson A. Miles, U. S. A.

* * * drifted past the storm of war

To isles of peaceful calm,
The lakes give greetings to the sea,

The pine unto the palm.

— Arthur Dyer.

The worth of valor, the beauty of endurance, the grandeur of self-denial and the
sacredness of honor — for all of these our flag is the symbol, our Union the flower,
our Nation the synonym.— Elbridge S. Brooks.

The kindred blood which flows in the veins of American citizens, the mingled
blood which they have shed in defense of their sacred rights, consecrate their Union.
— fames Madison.

* * * our Country shall be

Unshaken in strength and unsullied in name —

And from the broad center all around to the sea
Shall millions inherit her power and fame.

— /. D. Van Dusee.

Let us strive to aid and advance the liberty of the world by patriotic fidelity and
devotion in upholding, illustrating and advocating our own free institutions.— Robert
C. Winthrop.

Our very air is instinct with freedom. Every inhalation on American soil is
fraught with American ideas. It is impossible for sane people to live in this country
and not become Americans.— Edmund J. Wolf.



The breath of heaven is here!
One draught can make the slave and master one!
The grace of liberty softens year by year,
And in a richer flood the stream of life flows on.

— Maurice Thompson.

Let it be Patriotism first, last, and always; Patriotism in the history, in the
reading lesson; in the general exercises; in the flags that adorn the school-room. —
Albert E. Winship.

Our chief glory arises from the general welfare of our people, their contentment
with their institutions, their enlightenment, and their general advancement in the vir-
tues of Christian civilization — John Adams Kasson.

Daughter of Liberty! queen of the world!

Fairest of all earth's fair nations, arise!
Let thy bright banners and flags be unfurled;

Send thy glad voice to the uttermost skies!

— Anon.

We cannot more effectually labor for the good of all men, than by pledging heart.,,
brain and hands to the service of keeping our country true to its mission, obedient
to its idea. — Thomas Starr King.

We are One by the configuration of nature and by the strong impress of art.
We are One by the memories of our fathers. We are One by the hopes of our
children. We are One by our Constitution and our Union. — Robert C. Winthrop.

To her we owe
All that of happiness we know;
Justice, and Law's protecting care,
The rights of freemen everywhere.

— W. IV. Caldwell.

The nation depends not on the wisdom of its senators, not on the vigilance of
its police, not on the strong arm of its standing armies: but on the loyalty of a united
people.— Parke Godwin.

We are a Republic whereof one man is as good as another before the law. Un-
der such a form of government, it is of the greatest importance that all should be
possessed of education and intelligence. — Ulysses S. Grant.


We know no North, nor South, nor West;

One Union binds us all;
Its stars and stripes are o'er us flung —

'Neath them we'll stand or fall.

— Anon.

That we live in the enjoyment of the fruits of our labors, that we live at all,
perhaps, or live girt about by the blessings of civilization, we owe, under Providence,
to our country. Let us prove ourselves true sons and daughters of such a mother.—
Epes Sargent.

This is what I call the American idea of freedom — a government of all the
people, by all the people, for all the people; of course a government of the principles
of eternal justice — the unchanging law of God.— Theodore Parker, D. D.

Oh the land of our Union! it sweetens the morn

With the fragrance of orchards, the sunshine of corn:

In its beautiful bosom the fountains are sure,

And the gold of its furrows is wealth to the poor:

And the children of exile as kindred may toil

In the vineyards of freedom with sons of the soil.

— Anon.

Freedom of religion, freedom of the press, and freedom of the person under the
protection of the habeas corpus, these are the principles that have guided our steps
through an age of revolution and reformation. — Thomas Jefferson.

Our country — whether bounded by the St. John's and the Sabine, or however
otherwise bounded or described, and be the measurements more or less;— still our
country, to be cherished in all our hearts, to be defended by all our hands.— Robert
C. Winthrop.

Father, whose mighty power
Shields us through life's short hour,

To Thee we pray,— bless us and keep us free;
All that is past forgive:
Teach us henceforth to live

That through our country we may honor Thee.

— Marion Crawford.

If this country is to reach the full development which we believe to be possible,
it must be by maintaining in all its integrity the Constitution which our fathers
framed, and in giving steadfast and uncalculating support to the Union which they
formed.— Hugh S. Thompson.



God's mercy will still lead our country on. On under the dearest flag that
freemen ever bore. On in the broad sunshine of liberty, equality, and justice. On
to the inspiring music of the Union. On along the grand highway of the Nation's
glory to the future of our country's hope. — John M. Thurston.

Long as thine Art shall love true love,

Long as thy Science truth shall know,
Long as thy Eagle harms no Dove,

Long as thy Law by law shall grow,
Long as thy God is God above,

Thy Brother every man below,
So long dear Land of all my love

Thy name shall shine, thy fame shall glow!

— Sidney Lanier.


Prefatory Note.— In the life ol the nation, true Patriotism and
honest Labor are very closely allied. Then why not upon the printed

Only a few years ago, the State of New York recognized the cause
of labor by making the first Monday in September of each year a
legal holiday, called " Labor Day." On that day hundreds of thousands
of the toilers of the great Empire State march in procession with flags
flying and bands playing, — and then away for an afternoon of games
and sports! And every on-looker feels not only that " the laborer is
worthy of his hire," but of his holiday.

Moreover, the laborer is worthy not only of his hire and holiday,
but of the best education for his children, and the best protection for
himself and his family which the State can give! For without his
faithful toil, the white Sails of Commerce would soon desert the seas;
the Wheels of Trade would clog and stop — and the National Govern-
ment itself stand still. There is no better patriot in the land than the
strong-handed, true-hearted laborer.


Honest labor wears a lovely face.

— Thos. Dekker (died 1641).

If all the year were playing holidays,

To sport would be as tedious as to work.

From toil he wins his spirits light,
From busy day the peaceful night;
Rich from the very want of wealth,
In Heaven's best treasures, peace and health.

— Shakspere.


As for bidding me not work, Molly might as well put the kettle on the fire, and
say, "Now, don't boil I" — Sir Walter Scott.





Harkl roars the bellows, blast on blast,

The sooty smithy jars,
And fire-sparks, rising far and fast,

Are fading with the stars.
All day for us the smith shall stand

Beside that flashing forge;
All day for us his heavy hand

The groaning anvil scourge.

From far-off hills, the panting team

For us is toiling near;
For us the raftsman down the stream

Their island barges steer.
Rings out for us the axe-man's stroke

In forests old and still,—
For us the century-circled oak

Falls crashing down his hill.

— From " The Ship-Builders."

Cheerly, on the axe of labor,

Let the sunbeams dance,
Better than the flash of sabre

Or the gleam of lance!
Strike! — with every blow is given

Freer sun and sky,
And the long-hid earth to heaven

Looks, with wondering eye.

— From " The Lumbermen."

Rap, rap! upon the well-worn stone

How falls the polished hammer!
Rap, rap! the measured sound has grown

A quick and merry clamor.
Now shape the sole! now deftly curl

The glossy vamp around it,
And bless the while the bright-eyed girl

Whose gentle fingers bound it.

— From " The Shoemakers."



Here we'll drop our lines, and gather

Old Ocean's treasures in,
Where'er the mottled mackerel

Turns up a steel-dark fin.
The sea's our field of harvest,

Its scaly tribes our grain;
We'll reap the teeming waters

As at home they reap the plain!

— From " The Fishermen."

There wrought the busy harvesters; and many a creaking wain
Bore slowly to the long barn-floor its load of husk and grain;
Till broad and red, as when he rose, the sun sank down at last,
And, like a merry guest's farewell, the day in brightness passed.

— From " The Huskers."

The gentleman, sir, has misconceived the spirit and tendency of
Northern institutions. He is ignorant of Northern character. He
has forgotten the history of his country. Preach insurrection to the
Northern laborers! Who are the Northern laborers? The history of
your country is their history. The renown of your country is their
renown. The brightness of their doings is emblazoned on its every page.
Blot from your annals the words and doings of Northern laborers, and
the history of your country presents but a universal blank. Sir, who was
he that disarmed the Thunderer, wrested from his grasp the bolts of
Jove; calmed the troubled ocean; became the central sun of the philo-
sophical system of his age, shedding his brightness and effulgence on
the whole civilized world; whom the great and mighty of the earth
delighted to honor; who participated in the achievement of your inde-
pendence, prominently assisted in molding your free institutions, and
the beneficial effects of whose wisdom will be felt to the last moment
of " recorded time? " Who, sir, I ask, was he? A Northern laborer, —
a Yankee tallow-chandler's son — a printer's runaway boy. — Charles

And who let me ask the honorable gentleman, who was he that,
in the days of our Revolution, led the Northern army, — yes, an army
of Northern laborers, — and aided the chivalry of South Carolina in their
defence against British aggression, drove the spoilers from their fire-
sides, and redeemed her fair fields from foreign invaders? Who was he?

3 86


A Northern laborer, a Rhode Island blacksmith, — the gallant General
Greene, — who left his hammer and his forge, and went forth conquer-
ing and to conquer in the battle for our independence! And will you
preach insurrection to men like these? — Nay lor.

Sir, our country is full of the achievements of Northern laborers.
Where is Concord, and Lexington, and Princeton, and Trenton, and
Saratoga, and Bunker Hill, but in the North? And what, sir, has shed
an imperishable renown on the never-dying names of those hallowed
spots, but the blood and the struggles, the high daring, and patriotism,
and sublime courage, of Northern laborers? The whole North is an

Online LibraryCharles Rufus SkinnerManual of patriotism : for use in the public schools of the State of New York → online text (page 24 of 31)