Charles Sanford Terry.

Bach's chorals (Volume v.2) online

. (page 2 of 27)
Online LibraryCharles Sanford TerryBach's chorals (Volume v.2) → online text (page 2 of 27)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Feast of the Circumcision (New Year's Day)
{E. Gal. iii. 23-29. G. St Luke ii. 21).

16 Herr Gott dich loben wir^- *.

41 Jesu, nun sei gepreiset'^.

143 Lobe den Herrn, meine Seele*' ''.

171 Gott, wie dein Name, so ist auch dein Ruhm*.

190 Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied^' *^.

1 St James i. 12.

" The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congregational
Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

3 I St John iii. i.

* Text probably by Bach.

s Text by Neumeister.

^ Text by Salomo Franck. The subject of the Cantata is re-
motely suggested by the Gospel for the Day. See Spitta, i. 560.

7 Psalm cxlvi. i, 5, 10.

^ Psalm xlviii. 10. Text by Picander.

^ Psalm cxlix.

1° Text wrongly attributed to Picander. See Wustmann, p. 297.



INTRODUCTION 9

Sunday after the Circumcision {E. i Peter
iv. 12-19. G- St Matt. ii. 13-23).

58 Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid^' ^' ^' ".

153 Schau', lieber Gott, wie meine Feind'^* ^' ''.

Feast of the Epiphany (^E. Isaiah Ix. i-6. G.
St Matt. ii. 1-12).

65 Sie werden aus Saba Alle kommen^'".

123 Liebster Immanuel, Herzog der Frommen'.

Sundays after the Epiphany.

First {E. Rom. xii. 1-6. G. St Luke ii. 41-52).

32 Liebster Jesu, mein Verlangen*'".

124 Meinen Jesum lass' ich nicht^' ^

154 Mein liebster Jesus ist verloren^' *".

Second (£. Rom. xii. 7-16. 6^. St John ii. i- 11).

3 Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid^* '^.
13 Meine Seufzer, meine Thranen'^.

155 Mein Gott, wie lang', ach lange"' *.

Third {E. Rom. xii. 17-21. G. St Matt. viii.

72 AUes nur nach Gottes Willen°' ^.

' The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congregational
Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

" Wustmann (p. 276) attributes the text to Bach.

^ Isaiah Ix. 6. See the Epistle for the Day.

* The author is unknown. Perhaps Picander.

^ The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.

^ Wustmann (p. 277) supposes the authors of Nos. 81 and 154
to be identical.

^ Cf. Spitta, III. 84, on Bach's conventional treatment of the
Gospel subject in these Cantatas.

^ Text by Salomo Franck. '•' Text perhaps by Bach.



lO INTRODUCTION

73 Herr, wie du willt, so Schick's mit miri' ^' ''.
Ill Was mein Gott will, das g'scheh' allzeit^' *.
156 Ich steh' mit einem Fuss im Grabe^' *.

Fourth {E. Rom. xiii. 8-10. G. St Matt. viii.

23-27)-

14 War' Gott nicht mit uns diese Zeit*- *.
81 Jesus schlaft, was soil ich hoffen?*'^

Septuagesima Sunday {E. i Cor. ix. 24 — x. 5.

G. St Matt. XX. 1-16).

84 Ich bin vergniigt init meinem Gliicke^' ^' *.
92 Ich hab' in Gottes Herz und Sinn'- ^' *.
144 Nimm, was dein ist, und gehe hin'*' ^

Sexagesima Sunday {E. 2 Cor. xi. 19— xii. 9.
G. St Luke viii. 4-15).
18 Gleich wie der Regen und Schnee*' ^' ''.
126 Erhalt' uns, Herr, bei deinem Wort'' *.
181 Leichtgesinnte Flattergeiste^.

Quinquagesima (" ESTO MlHI ") {E. I Cor. xiii.
G. St Luke xviii. 31-43).
22 Jesus nahm zu sich die Zwolfe*.

^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

'^ Picander's asserted authorship is challenged. See Spitta, ii.
414; Wustmann, p. ■277.

3 Text by Picander.

* The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.

s Wustmann (p. 377) supposes the authors of Nos. 81 and 154
to be identical.

^ Text by Neumeister. '' Isaiah Iv. 10.

^ A revision of Picander's text, perhaps by Bach.

'^ Text probably by Picander.



INTRODUCTION 1 1

23 Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn ^- 2, is.
127 Herr Jesu Christ, wahr'r Mensch und Gott^'^. 10. _

159 Sehet, wir geh'n hinauf gen Jerusalem i' *.

Palm Sunday (£. Phil. ii. 5-1 1 or i Cor. xi. 23-32.
G. St Matt. xxi. 1-9).
182 Himmelskonig, sei willkommen^' ^

Easter Day (E. i Cor. v. 6-8. G. St Mark xvi.
1-8).

4 Christ lag in Todesbandeni' 3_
15 Denn du wirst meine Seele nicht in der Holle

lassen^'".
31 Der Himmel lacht, die Erde jubiliret^' ''.

160 Ich weiss, dass mein Erloser lebt^- ^' ^.

Easter Monday [E. Acts x. 34-41. G. St Luke
xxiv. 13-35).

6 Bleib' bei uns, denn es will Abend warden i' i".
66 Erfreut euch, ihr Herzen"> i^.

Easter Tuesday {E. Acts xiii. 26-33. G- St Luke
xxiv. 36-47).
134 Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum lebend weiss^' ^l

^ The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.
^ The text follows rather the version in St Matt, xx, 30-34.
^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congrega-
tional Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

* Text by Picander. ^ -pg^.^ probably by Salomo Franck.
^' Psalm xvi. 10. ^ jext by Salomo Franck.

* Text by Neumeister. » Job xix. 25.
*° Text perhaps by Picander.

" See Wustmann, p. 280, on the text.

'2 Wustmann (p. 281) regards the text as a reconstruction by
Bach of an earlier secular Cantata.
^^ Text perhaps by Bach.



12 INTRODUCTION

145 So du mit deinem Munde bekennest Jesum^'*'^.
158 Der Friede sei mit dir.

Sundays after Easter.

First ("Quasimodo geniti ") {E. i John v. 4-10.

G. St John XX. 19-31).

42 Am Abend aber desselbigen Sabbaths^' *.
67 Halt' im Gedachtniss Jesum Christ*' *> ^.

Second ("Misericordias Domini ") {E. i Peter ii.
21-25. G. St John X. 12-16).

85 Ich bin ein guter Hirt*- ''.
104 Du Hirte Israel, hore*' ".
112 Der Herr ist mein getreuer Hirt*' *.

Third ("Jubilate") {E. i Peter ii. 11-20. G.

St John xvi. 16-23).

12 Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen*' ".
103 Ihr werdet weinen und heulen*'*".

1 The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.

^ Text by Picander.

3 Rom. X. 9.

* Text perhaps by Picander.

•' 2 Timothy ii. S.

'' Wustmann (p. 281) questions Spitta's attribution of the text
to Marianne von Ziegler.

"^ Psalm Ixxx. i.

^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infi-a the section on the Cantata.

'■* Text probably by Salomo Franck.

^^ Text by Marianne von Ziegler, published, with her other
Cantata texts set by Bach, in her Versuch in gebundener Schreibart
(1728). The authoress was the widow of an officer and resident
in Leipzig. There is no evidence that Bach frequented her
society, though Professor Gottsched, who \'\Tote the text of the



INTRODUCTION 1 3

146 Wir miissen durch viel Triibsal in das Reich
Gottes eingehen^' 2.

Fourth ("Cantate") {E. James i. 16-21. G.
St John xvi. 5-15).

108 Es ist euch gut, dass ich hingehe'' '\
166 Wo gehest du hin ?^' *

Fifth ("Rogate") {E. James i. 22-27. G. St
John xvi. 23-30 or 33).

86 Wahrlich, wahrlich, ich sage euch^' *.

87 Bisher habt ihr nichts gebetenin meinem Namen^' ^

Sixth ("Exaudi«") {E. i Peter iv. 8-11. G.
St John XV. 26 — xvi. 4).

44 Sie werden euch in den Bann thun^' *.
183 Sie werden euch in den Bann thun^' •''.

Ascension Day {E. Acts i. i-i i. G. Si Mark xvi.
14-20).

II Lobet Gott in seinen Reichen^.

2,7 Wer da glaubet und getauft wird^- *.

" Trauerode, " was known to both of them. Spitta (in. 70) detected
the hand of "a new poet " in certain of Bach's works, but it
was not until his accidental discovery of the volume of 1728 that
he was able, in 1892, to identify the authoress. The following are
the Cantatas for which she wrote the texts : Nos. 68, 74, 87, 103,
T08, 128, 175, 176, 183. See the Cantatas discussed in Spitta, in.
70-73, and Schweitzer, li. 332-338.

1 Bach's authorship is questioned. - Acts xiv. 22.

' The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.

^ Wustmann, p. 282, conjectures that the texts of Cantatas 37,
44, 86, 166, are by the same author.

^ Text by Marianne von Ziegler.

* The Sixth Sunday after Easter is the Sunday after Ascension
Day.



14 INTRODUCTION

43 Gott fahret auf mit Jauchzeni' 5, 10
128 Auf Christi Himmelfahrt allein^. 3> 5_

Whit Sunday {E. Acts ii. 1-13. G. St John xiv.

23-31)-

34 O ewiges Feuer, O Ursprung der Liebe*' ^' ^^.

59 Wer mich liebet, der wird mein Wort halten^- ^

74 Wer mich liebet, der wird mein Wort halten^'^

172 Erschallet, ihr Lieder'^- ''.

•D2 Gott der Hofifnung erfiille euch.

Whit Monday {E. Acts x. 42-48. G. St John iii.
16-21).

68 Also hat Gott die Welt geliebt^- s, s

173 Erhotes Fleisch und Blut^* *.

174 Ich Hebe den Hochsten von ganzem Gemiithe".

Whit Tuesday {E. Acts viii. 14-17 or ii. 29-36.
G. St John X. i-ii).

175 Er rufet seinen Schafen mit Namen^'^.
184 Erwiinschtes Freudenlicht''' ^".

1 Psalm xlvii. 5.

- Text by Marianne von Ziegler.

^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See mfra the section on the Cantata.

* Wustmann, p. ■284, states that Bach adapted an older text for
Whit Sunday use.

•'' The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the
Day.

" Text by Neumeister.

^ Text perhaps by Franck.

* See Wustmann, p. 284.
» Text by Picander.

"* Text probably by Bach.



INTRODUCTION 1 5

Trinity Sunday ^ {E. Rom. xi. 33-36. G. St

John iii. 1-15).

129 Gelobet sei der Herr^.

165 O heil'ges Geist- und Wasserbad^- *.

176 Es ist ein trotzig und verzagt Ding^' ^' ^.

Sundays after Trinity.

First {E. I John iv. 16-21. G. St Luke xvi.
19-30-

20 O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort'*.

39 Brich dem Hungrigen dein Brod^' ".

75 Die Elenden sollen essen-'*' *.

Second {E. i John iii. 13-18. G. St Luke xiv.
16-24).

2 Ach Gott, vom Himmel sieh' darein^.

76 Die Himmel erzahlen die Ehre Gottes^' ^' ^o.

Third" {E. i Peter v. 6- 11. G. St Luke xv.
i-io).

135 Ach Herr, mich armen Siinder^' ^.

^ See also No. 194.

2 The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

^ The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.

* Text by Salomo Franck.

'' Text by Marianne von Ziegler.

•* Jeremiah xvii. 9. A commentary on the conduct of Nicodemus
in the Gospel for the Day.
'' Isaiah Iviii. 7.

* Psalm xxii. 26.
'■' Psalm xix. i, 3.

1" Relative to the Epistle for the Day.
^' See also No. 21,



l6 INTRODUCTION

Fourth {E. Rom. viii. 18-23. G. St Luke vi.
36-42).

24 Ein ungefarbt Gemiithei' ^.
177 Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ^' ^.

185 Barmherziges Herze der evvigen Liebe^' *.

Fifth {E. I Peter iii. 8-15. G.St Luke v. i-ii).
88 Siehe, ich will viel Fischer aussenden i' ^
93 Wer nur den lieben Gott lasst walten^' ^' ''.

Sixth {E. Rom. vi. 3-11. G. St Matt. v.
20-26).

9 Es ist das Hail uns kommen her^' ^' ''.
170 Vergniigte Ruh', beliebte Seelenlust i' '^' *.

Seventh {E. Rom. vi. 19-23. G. St Mark viii.
1-9).

107 Was willst du dich betriiben^.

186 Argre dich, O Scale, nichti- *■ ^.

187 Es wartet Alias auf dich^' i*>.

Eighth {E. Rom. viii. 12-17. ^- St Matt, vii,

15-23)-

45 Es ist dir gesagt, Mansch, was gut ist'- ".

^ The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.
^ Text by Neumeister.

^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.
** Text by Salomo Franck.
•' Jeremiah xvi. i6.
" Text by Picander.
" Relative to the Epistle for the Day.
* See Wustmann, p. 287.
® See Wustmann, p. •287, on the text.
^^ Psalm civ. 27.
" Micah vi. 8.



INTRODUCTION 1 7

136 Erforsche mich, Gott, und erfahre mein Herz*' 2.
178 Wo Gott der Herr nicht bei uns halt^.

Ninth {E. i Cor. x. 6-13. G. St Luke xvi. 1-9).

94 Was frag ich nach der Welt^' ^.
105 Herr, gehe nicht in's Gericht^' *.
168 Thue Rechnung ! Donnerwort^' ^

Tenth {E. i Cor. xii. i-ii. G. St Luke xix.

41-48).

46 Schauet doch und sehet, ob irgend ein Schmerzi'^.
loi Nimm von uns, Herr, du treuer Gott^' 3.
102 Herr, deine Augen sehen nach dem Glauben^' ''> *.

Eleventh {E. i Cor. xv. i-io. G. St Luke xviii.
9-14).

113 Herr Jesu Christ, du hochstes Gut^' I

179 Siehe zu, dass deine Gottesfurcht nicht Heuchelei

seii'9.
199 Mein Herze schwimmt im Blut^' 10.

Twelfth {E. 2 Cor. iii. 4-1 1. G. St Mark vii.
31-37)-

35 Geist und Seele wird verwirret'' ".

1 The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.

■■^ Psalm cxxxix. 23.

•'' The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

•» Psalm cxiiii. 2. s Text by Salomo Franck.

" Lamentations i. 12.

'' Jeremiah v. 3.

« Text improbably by Picander. See Wustmann, p. 288.

* Ecclesiasticus i. 28.

1" The title is that of one of Neumeister's Cantata texts. Bach
himself arranged the latter part of it.

" Text perhaps by Bach. See Wustmann, p. 289.
T. B. C.



1 8 INTRODUCTION

69 Lobe den Herrn, meine Seeled

137 Lobe den Herren, den machtigen Konig der Ehren*.

Thirteenth {E. Gal. iii. 15-22. G. St Luke x.
23-37).

33 AUein zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ ^^ ^.

77 Du soUst Gott, deinen Herren, liebeh*' ^
164 Ihr, die ihr euch von Christo nennet*' ®.

Fourteenth {E. Gal. v. 16-24. G. St Luke xvii.
11-19).

17 Wer Dank opfert, der preiset mich** ^.

25 Es ist nichts gesundes an meinem Leibe*' *.

78 Jesu, der du meine Seele^-^.

Fifteenth" {E. Gal. v. 25-26, x. G. St Matt. vi.

24-34)-

51 Jauchzet Gott in alien Landen**' '"» ".
99 Was Gott thut, das ist wohlgethan^' *.

138 Warum betriibst du dich, mein Herz^- *.

Sixteenth {E. Eph. iii. 13-21. G. St Luke vii.
11-17)^2

8 Liebster Gott, wann werd' ich sterben^'*.

^ Psalm ciii. 2. Also for Rathswahl use.
^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See hifra the section on the Cantata.
•^ Text relative to the Epistle.

* The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.
^ Bach follows the Gospel version in St Matt. xxii. 35-40.

* Text by Salomo Franck.

"> Psalm 1. 23. The text perhaps is by Bach.

8 Psalm xxxviii. 3. ^ See also No. 100.

'" Also for general use.

11 The text may be attributed to Bach himself.

^^ See also No. 161.



INTRODUCTION 19

27 Wer weiss, wie nahe mir mein Ende'- ^' ^.

95 Christus, der ist mein Leben'' ^.
161 Komm, du siisse Todesstunde *' *.

Seventeenth {E. Eph. iv. 1-6. G. St Luke xiv.
i-ii).

47 Wer sich selbst erhohet, der soil emiedriget

werden*' ^
114 Ach, lieben Christen, seid getrost^' ^.
148 Bringet dem Herrn Ehre seines Namens^' ^' '''.

Eighteenth {E. i Cor, i. 4-9. G. St Matt. xxii.
34-46).

96 Herr Christ, der ein'ge Gottes-Sohn^' ^.
169 Gott soil allein mein Herze haben*.

Nineteenth {E. Eph. iv. 22-28. G. St Matt. ix.
1-8).

5 Wo soil ich fliehen hin^' ^.

48 Ich elender Mensch, wer wird mich erlosen^' *.
56 Ich will den Kreuzstab gerne tragen'- ^.

1 The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.
^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

* Text by Neumeister and Bach. See Wustmann, p. 290.

* Text by Salomo Franck.

•'' The text is from a set of Cantata texts published at Eisenach in
1720 by State Secretary Johann F. Helbig.
^ Text founded on Picander.
^ Psalm xxix. 2.

* Romans vii. 24.

" The first Recitativo of the Cantata is based on a text of
Neumeister's. Bach's arrangement of the text may be inferred.
See Wustmann, p. 291.



20 INTRODUCTION

Twentieth {E. Eph. v. 15-21. G. St Matt. xxii.
1-14).

49 Ich geh' und suche mit Verlangen*.

162 Ach, ich sehe, jetzt da ich zur Hochzeit gehe^' ^.
180 Schmlicke dich, O liebe Seele'' °.

Twenty-first {E. Eph. vi. 10-17. G. St John iv.

47-54).

38 Aus tiefer Noth schrei ich zu dir*- ^.

98 Was Gott thut, das ist wohlgethan *' ^.

109 Ich glaube, lieber Herr, hilf meinem Unglauben *• *.

188 Ich habe meine Zuversicht*^' ^

Twenty-second {E. Phil. i. 3-11. G. St Matt.

xviii. 23-35).

55 Ich armer Mensch, ich Siindenknecht^
89 Was soil ich aus dir machen, Ephraim*''?
115 Mache dich, mein Geist, bereit^-^.

Twenty-third {E. Phil. iii. 17-21. G. St Matt,
xxii. 15-22).

52 Falsche Welt, dir trau ich nicht'.
139 Wohl dem, der sich auf seinen Gott^' ^.

163 Nur Jedem das seine^'^.

1 The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.
^ Text by Salomo Franck.

* The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

* St Mark ix. 34. ^ Text by Picander.

" The larger part of this Cantata has been attributed to Bach's
eldest son, Friedemann. See Wustmann, p. 298.
7 Hosea xi. 8.



IInTTRODUCTION 21

Twenty -fourth {E. Coloss. i. 9-14. G. St Matt,
ix. 18-26).

26 Ach wie fliichtig ^' 2.

60 O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort'' 2.

Twenty-fifth {E. i Thess. iv. 13-18. G. St

Matt. xxiv. 15-28).

90 Es reifet euch ein schrecklich Ende^.
116 Du Friedefurst, Herr Jesu Christ 1.

Twenty-sixth [E. 2 Peter iii. 3-14 or 2 Thess. i.
3-10. G. St Matt. XXV. 31-46).
70 Wachet, betet, betet, wachet^' *.

Twenty-seventh {E. i Thess, v. i-ii, or one of
the two Epistles for the Twenty-sixth Sunday.
G. St Matt. XXV. 1-13 or xxiv. 37-51 or v. 1-12).

140 Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme'' '*.

Feast of the Purification of the B.V.M.
{E. Mai. iii. 1-4. G. St Luke ii. 22-32).

82 Ich habe genug-.

83 Erfreute Zeit im neuen Bunde^.

125 Mit Fried' und Freud' ich fahr' dahin^- '^.

157 Ich lasse dich nicht, du segnest mich denn^' ".

^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

^ The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.

•* Text by Salomo Franck.

** The subject of the Cantatas for the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-
seventh Sundays after Trinity was suggested by their Advent
context. No. 70 originally was for the Second Sunday in Advent.

^ Text by Picander.

*" Genesis xxxii. 26. Also for a funeral.



22 INTRODUCTION

158 Der Friede sei mit dir^' 2.

161 Komm, du siisse Todesstunde^- *.

Feast of the Annunciation of the B.V.M.
{E. Is. vii. 10-16. G. St Luke 1. 26-38).
I Wie schon leuchtet der Morgenstern ^' ^

Feast of the Visitation of the B.V.M.

{E. Rom. xii. 9-16 or Is. xi. 1-5 or Song of

Solomon ii. 8-17. G. St Luke i. 39-56).

10 Meine Seel' erhebt den Herren^' ^.
147 Herz und Mund und That und Leben''' i".
189 Meine Seele riihmt und preist^' ".

Feast of St John Baptist {E. Is. xl. 1-5.

G. St Luke i. 57-80).

7 Christ unser Herr zum Jordan kam^.
30 Freue dich, erioste Schaar^' *> ^.
167 Ihr Menschen, riihmet Gottes Liebe'' *.

^ The text is provided or suggested by the Gospel for the Day.

- The text is from the Gospel for Easter Tuesday, for which
occasion Bach also used the Cantata. In the form in which the
Cantata has come down to us it is not exactly congruous to either
occasion.

^ Text by Salomo Franck.

* Also for the Sixteenth Sunday after Trinity.

^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

® Originally for the Fourth Sunday in Advent (?i7i6).

"^ Schweitzer (il. 140) assigns this Cantata to the Fourth
Sunday after Easter. The score does not indicate the occasion
for which it was composed.

8 The Feast of St John Baptist was also Midsummer Day.

^ Probably a reconstruction by Picander of his own original
secular text.

*" Text by Franck and, probably, Bach.



introduction 23

Feast of St Michael the Archangel^
{E. Rev. xii. 7-12. G. St Matt, xviii. i-ii).

19 Es erhub sich ein Streit^' ^.

50 Nun ist das Heil und die Kraft*' ^.

130 Herr Gott, dich loben alle wir*' ^.

149 Man singet mit Freuden vom Sieg'^.

D 3 Siehe, es hat iiberwunden der Lowe.

For General or Unspecified Use*^.

21 Ich hatte viel Bekiimmerniss^' i".

*54 Widerstehe doch der Siinde.

*97 In alien meinen Thaten'^' i'^.

*ioo Was Gott thut, das ist wohlgethan "> ^K

*ii7 Sei Lob und Ehr' dem hochsten Gut".

*I3I Aus der Tiefe rufe ich, Herr, zu dir".

* The occasion for which this Cantata was composed is not
stated in the score.

^ See also No. 51, and Spitta, 11. 473.

2 Jude 9. See the Epistle for the Day.

•' Spitta, II. 344, attributes the text to Picander, inaccurately in
Wustmann's (p. 294) opinion.

^ See the Epistle for the Day.

5 Revelation xii. 10. The occasion for which the Cantata was
composed is not stated in the score. Spitta, in. 83, suggests that it
was intended for iVIichaelmas, from whose Epistle the text is taken.

^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See infra the section on the Cantata.

'' Psalm cxviii. 15, 16. See the Epistle for the Day.

^ See also Nos. 50 and 51.

^ Text perhaps by Salomo Franck. But see Wustmann, p. 286.

'" Psalm xciv. 19. See the Epistle for the Third Sunday after
Trinity, for which occasion probably Bach composed it.

" Psalm cxxx. Wustmann, p. 297, suggests that the text is by
Georg Christian Eilmar, at whose i-equest Bach composed the
Cantata.

*2 Perhaps used for a wedding.



24 INTRODUCTION

*i5o Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich^

*I92 Nun danket alle Gott^.

*D4 Lobt ihn mit Herz und Munde.

For a Wedding^

195 Dem Gerechten muss das Licht*.

196 Der Herr denket an uns^

197 Gott ist uns're Zuversicht^.

U 2 O ewiges Feuer, O Ursprung der Liebe.
U 3 Herr Gott, Beherrscher aller Dinge".

For a Funeral^.

53 Schlage doch, gewiinschte Stunde*.

106 Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit^.

118 O Jesu Christ, mein's Lebens Licht^.

198 The " Trauerode 10."

* The occasion for which this Cantata was composed is not
stated in the score.

1 Psalm XXV. i, 2.

^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hynm. See infra the section on the Cantata.

3 See Spitta, 11. 632-637, for three secular Wedding Cantatas by
Bach. See also Nos. 97, 100.

* Psalm xcvii. 11, \^. The occasion for which the Cantata was
composed is not stated in the score.

s Psalm cxv. 12-15. See Spitta, i. 370.

** Not improbably the text is by Bach himself.

'^ See also No. 157, and Spitta, 11. 412.

8 Text probably by Salomo Franck. The occasion for which
the Cantata was composed is not stated in the score. It is strictly
a "mourning aria." See Spitta, 11. 476; Schweitzer, 11. 253;
Wustmann, p. 261.

9 The text is formed from various portions of Scripture
discerningly pieced together, perhaps by Bach himself.

i» Text by Professor J. C. Gottsched.



introduction 2$

For a Public Fast.

D r Gedenke, Herr, wie es uns gehet^

For the Reformation Festival.

79 Gott, der Herr, ist Sonn' und Schild"^.

80 Ein' feste Burg ist unser Gott^' *.

For the Inauguration of the Town
Council^

29 Wir danken dir, Gott^.

71 Gott ist mein Konig'^.

119 Preise, Jerusalem, den Herrn^.

120 Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille'-*.

193 Ihr Pforten [Tore] zu Zion^^*.

For the Opening of an Organ.

194 Hochsterwiinschtes Freudenfest ".

^ The Preface (p. xxxi) to E.G. xli quotes Winterfeld's opinion
that this was the occasion of the Cantata, and draws attention to
the relation of the text of the first chorus to Jeremiah v. i, 15, 16.

2 Psalm Ixxxiv. 1 1. See Spitta, ill. 74, on the text.

'^ The Cantata bears the title of the first stanza of a congre-
gational Hymn. See in/ra the section on the Cantata.

* Text by Salomo Franck. See also No. 76.

^ For a secular Cantata in praise of the Leipzig Town Council,
see Spitta, 11. 634. See also No. 69.

® Psalm Ixxv. i.

'' Psalm Ixxiv. 12. The text probably is Bach's arrangement.
See Wustmann, p. 295.

** Psalm cxlvii. 12.

^ Psalm Ixv. I.

^^ See Spitta, iii. 83 n. The score does not state the occasion
for which the Cantata was composed.

^1 As its text shows, the Cantata was adapted by Bach for use
on Trinity Sunday.



26 INTRODUCTiON



The Choral Cantatas

So intimate is the association between the
Cantata, as it developed in Bach's hands, and the
congregational Hymns and Hymn melodies of the
Lutheran Church, that the latter are absent only
from twenty-two of the two hundred and six
Cantatas ^ The one hundred and eighty-four Can-
tatas that include Hymn stanzas or melodies fall
into three groups. The largest, containing one
hundred and eighteen Cantatas, includes those in
which Bach introduces Chorals, almost invariably
as the concluding movement ^ occasionally in the
middle movements, very rarely in the opening
movement^ but always without permitting them to
dominate the Cantata*. The second, and smallest,

1 They are the following : Nos. 34, 35, 50, 53, 54, 63, 82, 134,

141, ISO, 152, 160, 170, 173, 181, 189, 191, 193, 196, 198, U 2, D 1.
^ The only exceptions to the rule are Nos. 21, 30, 51, 59, 71,

182, 184, i86(?), 199.

* See Nos. 77, 106, 131, 145, 153, D 4. They are the only
exceptions.

* The complete list of this group is as follows : Nos. 6, 11, 12,
13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 36, 37, 39,
40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 55, 56, 57, 59, 64, 65, ^6,
67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89,



Online LibraryCharles Sanford TerryBach's chorals (Volume v.2) → online text (page 2 of 27)