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Sussex in the great Civil War and the interregnum, 1642-1660 online

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brother Stephen, had travelled far from his birthplace, the
Rectory of Stanmer.

The Sussex ports maintained their reputation as places
of embarkation for distinguished refugees to the Continent.
Richard Cromwell escaped from Lewes, and Edmund
Ludlow by the same route a few weeks later. It has been
suggested that perhaps Colonel Morley's protecting hand
may be traced in these proceedings. 3 Ludlow has left an
interesting account of his flight: "The time appointed for
my departure from England being come, after I had settled
my affairs in the best manner I could, and taken leave of
my dearest friends and relations, I went into a coach about
the close of the day, and passing through the City over
London Bridge to St. George's Church in Southwark, I
found a person ready to receive me with two horses, one of
which I mounted and began my journey. My guide was so
well acquainted with the country, that we avoided all the
considerable towns on the road, where we suspected any
soldiers might be quartered; and the next morning by
break of day we arrived at Lewes without interruption.
On the Tuesday following, a small vessel being prepared
for my transportation, I went on board; but the wind
blowing hard and the vessel having no deck, I removed

1 Scott in Peveril of the Peak, and Fenimore Cooper in The

* For particulars of his life in America, see D. N. B., and the
authorities there quoted.

* S. A. C., v, ico.



into another that had been provided for me by a merchant
of Lewes, and was struck upon the sands as she was falling
down to receive me. This vessel had carried over Mr.
Richard Cromwell some weeks before, and lay very com-
modiously for my safety on that occasion, for after I had
entered into her to secure myself from the weather, till I
might put to sea in the other, the searchers came on
board my small vessel to see what she carried, omitting to
search that in which I was, not suspecting any person or
thing to be in her, because she was struck upon the sands.
But the storm still continuing, and the men thinking not
fit to put to sea, we continued in the harbour all that day
and the night following; the master, who had used the
ports of Ireland whilst I had been in that country, amongst
other things enquiring if lieutenant-general Ludlow were
not imprisoned with the rest of the King's judges; to
which I answered that I had not heard of any such thing.
The next morning we set sail, and had the wind so favour-
able that we arrived in Dieppe that evening before the gates
were shut." 1

With the reward, punishment, or disappearance of the
principal actors, the curtain falls on " the Great Rebellion."
It had apparently achieved nothing. A Stuart was again
seated on the throne of the Plantagenets and the Tudors ;
the bishops returned to their palaces ; the nobles embarked
once more on the perilous seas of Court pleasures and
Court intrigue. But at this distance we may perceive that
much had happened to change the conditions of national
existence, especially two very momentous things. The
commercial pre-eminence of Holland had been successfully
challenged, and the foundations of a British sea-power and
of a world-wide British Empire had been laid. And the
growth of an absolute monarchy had been stopped.
Throughout Europe the limited monarchies of the Middle

1 Ludlow's Memoirs, 1771, p. 398.


Ages were being replaced by military despotisms. In
England alone the claim of the national assembly to the
power of the purse gave it some continuance of vitality.
Absolutism was the order of the time; in some European
countries it has either persisted until our own day, or has
been removed by very drastic methods. Perhaps nothing
but the great wave of religious enthusiasm which rolled
through England in the early part of the seventeenth
century, and in such counties as Sussex carried all before
it, could have availed to kill it here. The wave spent its
force and subsided into a gentle current, but the edifice
which it had destroyed has never been restored. Sub-
sequent political struggles have been concerned with other



IF many of the leading Sussex men of the Civil War period
have to-day no representatives in the direct line, there are not-
able exceptions. The Earl of Ashburnham is seventh in descent
from John Ashburnham, the King's friend and companion in
flight. The Earl of Chichester is eighth in descent from Sir
Thomas Pelham, member for the county in the Long Parliament,
and a consistent supporter of the Parliamentary cause. And the
blood of Cromwell flows in his veins, as it does in those of so
many prominent English families; 1 Lord Chichester's great-great-
grandmother, Anne Frankland, was the Lord Protector's great-
grand-daughter. Colonel Morley of Glynde left no heirs; the
Brands hold Glynde through their descent from the widow of his
son William, who re-married John Trevor. But Mr. Goring of
Wiston is descended from Morley's sister Mary, who married
Colonel Fagge, created a baronet at the Restoration.

Perhaps no existing Sussex family is so closely representative
of the leaders on both sides in the Civil War as the Campions of
Danny. Colonel Campion is not only eighth in descent from Sir
William Campion, whose wife was a Parker of Ration, and who
was killed at Colchester while fighting under the command of
George Goring, Earl of Norwich, then of Danny; but by the
marriage of Barbara, daughter and heiress of Peter Courthope
(grandson of Peter Courthope, who purchased Danny from Lord
Norwich) by Philadelphia, daughter of Sir John Stapley, he
descends not only from the Stapleys of Patcham, but from Sir
Herbert Springate of the Broyle, Sir John Stapley's wife Mary
being Sir Herbert's eldest daughter; and also from George Goring

1 Harrison, Oliver Cromwell, p. 34.


of Danny, whose daughter (sister of Lord Norwich) married
Anthony Stapley, member for the county in the Long Parliament.

Sir Spencer Maryon-Wilson is a direct descendant of the lady
who regaled the Parliamentary soldiers on wheat-ear pie to such
good purpose. The Frewens of Brickwall still represent the
Puritan Rector of Northiam, whose son became an Archbishop.
If during the Civil War the Burrells were more busy with their
furnaces than with public affairs, their descendants have made
amends since. In some cases the generations connecting the
reigns of Charles I and George V are singularly few. The present
owner of the manor of Preston (long since passed from the posses-
sion of the Shirleys) is but sixth in descent from Edward Stanford,
who as churchwarden of Slinfold signed the Protestation Return
of 1641-2. And the present Sir John Shelley is sixth in descent
from the young Sir Charles whose goods were hidden in a chimney
at Michelgrove.

It is a pleasing testimony to the continuity of things in Sussex
that among the representatives of the county in the House of
Commons to-day are a Howard, a Courthope, and a Campion.


THE following account of a fracas at Lewes in 1656 illustrates the
indignation of the Royalists at the " decimation " tax (see page
283). It is printed in the Thurloe State Papers, vol. v, 779, and
in S.A.C., xxxix, 62, where the identity of John Pellet is dis-
cussed. Thomas Woodcock was concerned with John Stapley in
the Royalist plot of 1658 (see page 297), and Colonel Culpepper
was at Brighthelmstone on similar business in 1659 (page 308).


" Upon a discourse had betwixt J. Pellet of Arundel and Col.
Culpepper, who curst the decimators and all the devisers of the
decimation. H. Woodcock upon that discourse arising about
decimation, which being defended as just in the Lord Protector


by John Pellet, the said Henry Woodcock did with many reproach-
ful words enveigh against decimation and decimators. And being
told by Pellet it was a mercy in the Protector and Council, in
regard the Cavaliers had forfeited both life and goods, the said
Woodcock cursed that mercy, and said if he had as many lives as
he had hairs, taking himself by a lock of his hair, he would spend
them all against such traitors and rebels, as were against the
Cavaliers. And being told by John Pellet that the Cavaliers had
had fighting enough, wherein God was always against them, and
the said Pellet told him thus much, ' We have always beaten you,'
the said Woodcock asked Pellet whom he meant by saying ' we ' ;
the said Pellet told him he meant the Protector and those that
took part with the late Parliament against the late King's part;
who had conquered the Cavalier part at Marston Moor, at Naseby,
Cheriton, Oxford, and all places else, where God had given signal
testimonies of his power against the late King's party. To which
the said Woodcock replied, saying 'You are all a company of
traitors and rebels,' adding these words ' God confound me if, in
case I had the power in my hand, there should never a rogue of
you all have a bit of bread in the kingdom '; referring in his said
speech to the Protector, and all that take part with him against
the Cavalier party ; adding more a report of two persons going
forth to fight, the one at his going forth saying ' Lord bless me,
Lord bless me ' ; the other whose name was Leonard, crying out
with his arms cast out, 'God damn me, God damn me, God
damn me'; commending the said Leonard, saying that he came
off bravely when the other was slain. To the which the said
Pellet replied, saying ' Where now are all your "God damn me's "?
Hath not the Lord trampled them as mire in the street under the
feet of the present power?' Whereupon the said Woodcock,
looking round about him to observe if any person heard him, the
said Harry Woodcock spake of having a thousand men and five hun-
dred horse, vowing he would cut them all (having relation to the
Protector and present power) in pieces, and that before long time the
said Pellet should see it and feel it. To the which the said Pellet re-
plied, saying the said Woodcock showed what he would do, in case he
had power in his hand, as the Protector and the present power had
in theirs; the said Pellet adding, that in case he were of Council with
the present government, such implacable cavaliers and enemies to


the state as would not be at peace in the nation, he would have them
sent to Jamaica; telling the said Woodcock it was great mercy in
the Protector and Council to let such irreconcileable enemies
have a being. Whereupon the said Woodcock clapping his hand
into his pocket, drew out somewhat, and clapped to the heart of
the said Pellet, vowing he could afford to pistol him and calling
him traitor and rebel, bidding the said Pellet to honour the King,
demanding of the said Pellet which way he went home, vowing he
would have an account of him very speedily. And Francis Wood-
cock, one of the brothers of the said Henry, coming into the
chamber at that instant, it being the lodging chamber of the said
John Pellet, the said Henry Woodcock began to repeat to his said
brother part of the former discourse; and forthwith the said
Francis Woodcock said, in case he had said so much to him, he
would have thrown the beer in his face; and struck the said Pellet
standing peaceably by the fireside with a glass filled with beer in
the face, giving the said Pellet three wounds near the eye. And
the said Henry did at that instant catch the said Pellet by the
hair, and both of the Woodcocks did wound and violently beat
and abuse the said Pellet, giving him six wounds in the head and
face, tearing his clothes, and plucking much of his hair off his
head and laming him in the leg, insomuch by effusion of blood
running from the said wounds, two table-napkins were soaked in
blood; the said Pellet's clothes being exceeding bloody, his wounds
bleeding all night, although dressed by an able surgeon.

" And the said Pellet upon oath further saith that the said Henry
Woodcock at the time of this discourse was very sober, and did
well understand what he spake, and that during this discourse,
which lasted about an hour in the said Pellet's chamber, where
there was no person present in the said chamber, during the dis-
course aforesaid, but the said Pellet and the said Henry Woodcock.

" And the said John Pellet upon oath saith that at the time of
the battery there was no person present, but William Gratwick of
Torton; and that the said Pellet used not a word of provocation
to Francis Woodcock nor to the said Henry; for truth whereof
Pellet refers to the testimony of the said William Gratwick.

" I do upon this i2th of Jan. 1656 upon oath, testify the whole
above written narrative and discovery,



This was given in to Mr. Boughton at Lewes the loth January

Pellet subsequently made the following further deposition:

"The occasion of that controversy which arose at the Bull,
Lewes betwixt Henry Woodcock and John Pellet was by means
of one Culpepper, who being in the chamber of John Pellet,
refused his part of the reckoning; and being thereunto requested
by John Pellet, he answered he was decimated for his sins and
demerits. Hereupon he cursed, ' The plague of God take the
decimators, and all that devised decimation.' The said Pellet
affirmed it was just in the Protector and his Council, since the
cavaliers had forfeited lives and estates. And the said Pellet being
asked if he would justify decimation, since it was after the act of
oblivion and composition, Pellet replied and said, ' the Parliament
did not omit them to composition and pass the act of oblivion to
render the Cavaliers able to cut the Parliament's own throats.'
Hereupon the said Colonel Culpepper cursed the late parliament,
saying they were rogues and villains and knaves, and pulled out by
the ears for their knavery ; which being denied by Pellet, and he
telling the said Culpepper the Cavaliers were the conquered party,
the company broke up; and presently after the within written
Henry Woodcock laid hold of Pellet, telling him he would have
an account of him for speaking against the Cavalier party; and
thereupon ensued the within written discourse between Henry
Woodcock and Pellet.


This was given in upon oath at Lewes the 2ist January 1656
before the Commissioners.


ABBOT, Mr., 295.
Abingdon, Sussex troops for the
garrison at, 173.

Adur, Morley falls back on the, 78.
Royalist advance east of the, stopped,


Akehurst, Mr., of Warbleton, 275.
Alberry, John, churchwarden of Arun-

del, 28.

Albourne Place, 223.
Alford, Sir Edward, member for Arun-

del, 16.

fined on Exeter Articles, 131.
and the Rectory of Cheltenham,


Algerian pirates, in the Channel, 14.
Allen, John, goldsmith of Rye, 13.
Alton, Waller's attack on, 82.
the prisoners taken at, 86.
Crawford leaves his sack at, 90.
Amberley Castle, seized for the Parlia-
ment, 129.
Anderson, Mr. Robert, at Chichester,


fined, 126.

Anderton, Robert, 287.
Andrews, Bishop, 29.
Appledram, 295.
Apsley, Colonel Edward, his narrative

of his capture, 74.

member of Sussex Sequestrating Com-
mittee, 1 20.
member for Steyning, endeavours to

raise a regiment, 157.
Apsley, John, at Chichester, 45.

admitted to compound, 130.
Apsley, Mr., Rector of Pulborough,

Archdeaconry Court of Lewes, 25.

records of, 26.

Ardingley, the incumbent of, se-
questered, 142.

Arlington, the incumbent of, se-
questered, 142.
Armies, components of the Royal and

Parliamentary, 34.
Articles of Surrender, 126.
Artillery in the Civil War, 35.
Arundel, 3.
Sir Edward Alford elected member

for, 1 6.

Sir N. Brent's visitation to, 28.
the castle captured by a Roundhead

force, 51.

recaptured by Ford and Bishop, 72.
Waller advances on, 82.

attacks and captures the town, 85.
lays siege to the castle, 86.
incidents of the siege of, 88.
the terms of surrender of, 93.
the prisoners taken at, 94.
Colonels Morley and Springate joint

governors of, 95.
the damage suffered by, 96.
Chillingworth's part in the siege of,

victims to the insanitary state of,


Lady Springate summoned to, 115.
the town's desolation, 116.
the incumbent of, sequestered, 142.
wreck of the St. James near, 151.
the castle used as a magazine, 156.
garrisoned by the trained bands, 162.
Captain Morley governor of, 169,




Arundel continued.

Ordnance brought from Chichester
to, 173.

design to remove the Horsham maga-
zine to, 197.

Charles II's narrow escape at, 259.

the castle slighted, 276.
Arundel, Mr. , his sons captured at sea,

Arundel, Thomas, Earl of, 4, 50.

his estates sequestered, 122.
Ashbee, Thomas, of Maresfield, 27.
Ashburnham, John, member for Hast-
ings, 16.

treasurer to the King, 19.

fined half his estate, 121.

his early life, 185.

accompanies the King from Oxford,

escapes with the King from Hampton
Court, 187.

offers to kill Hammond, 188.

his projects of escape, 188.

restores the fortunes of his family
by marriage, 189.

his descendant's vindication of his
character, 190.

and Coke's plot, 228.

ordered to augment certain livings,

his descendants, 325.

Ashburnham, Lawrence, appointed
deputy-lieutenant, 156.

Ashburnhams, the, a Royalist family, 4.

Ashford, John, 161.

Association, Decree of, for the southern
counties, 67.

Astley, Sir Jacob, 33.

Aylen, a leader of the Clubmen, 169.

Aylwine, John, receiver of contribu-
tions at Lewes, 156.

Bagant, William, of Alfriston, 27.

Bainbridge, Colonel, 288.

Baker, Mr. John, Justice of the Peace, 31.

High Sheriff, 73.

member of Sussex Sequestrating Com-
mittee, ^120.

Baker, John, Corporal, 313.
Baker, Thomas, of Rustington, 234.
Baker, William, 222.
Baldwyn, John, 310.
Balfour, Sir William, 19.
Ballard, Thomas, 288.
Ballow, Mrs., 139.
Balnidine, Sir William, 53.
Bamford, or Bamfield, Colonel, 84.
Barkham, in Fletching, 240.
Barlow, of Hastings, 149.
Barnstaple Articles of Surrender, 128.
Baronets created at the Restoration


Barret, Bridget, of Wivelsfield, 27.
Basing House :

Colonel Morley at the siege of, 158.
effect of its resistance on Sussex, 161.
Sussex troops for the siege of, 165.
Batnor, Rev. John, of Westmeston, 26.
Batten, Alice, wife of John, 232.
Battle, local Committee of Plundered

Ministers at, 138.
Samuel Gott at, 241.
Baude, Peter, ironfounder, 9.
Bayne, Colonel, at Arundel, 87.
Beachy Head, Dunkirk privateers at,


Beeding, Charles II at, 259.
Beeding Bridge, 201.
Bellingham, Mr. , rides from Chichester

to Portsmouth, 39.
Benbrick, Joseph, of Rye, 27.
Bennett, Colonel, 66.
Bennett, Sir Humphrey, his prepara-
tions in Sussex, 299.
the case against him dropped, 302.
Berkeley, Sir John, with Ford at

Reading, 98.

and John Ashburnham, 188, 190.
Berkshire, manifesto of the Clubmen in,

Bessano, Master, a Counsellor-at-Law,


Betsworth, Arthur, 288.
Bexhill, the incumbent of, sequestered,

Bible, the influence of the, 22.



Bide, Rev. Thomas, of Crawley, 26.

Bigge, Mr., 139.

Billingshurst, population of, in 1641-2,

Binderton, the Protestation return from,


the living of, 294.
Bingham, Governor of Poole, 160.
Binnes, Thomas, of West Hoathly, 27.
Bishop, Henry, of Henfield: petition

from Virginia in favour of, 125.
Bishop, Mr., 299.
Bishop, Lady, entertained by Waller,

Bishop, Sir Edward, of Parham, with

Ford at Chichester, 45.
at Arundel, 72.
drives away Colonel Apsley's sheep,


hostage for the surrender of Arundel,


declared incapable of any employ-
ment, 97.

a prisoner in the Tower, 124.
sequestration of his estate, 125.
Bishops, the, of Parham, a Royalist

family, 4.

Blackdown House, 14, 276.
Blake, in Rye Bay, 273.
defeated off Dungeness, 274.
orders the impressment of seamen,


Board, Herbert, member of Sussex Se-
questrating Committee, 120.
Bodley, Major, at Arundel, 87.
Bond, Mr., 227.
Bonwick, Richard, 291.
Book of Sports, the, 230.
Booker, Richard, of Pulborough, fined,


Borde, Andrew, u.
Borstall Articles of Surrender, 134.
Borstall House, defended by Sir Wil-
liam Campion, 192.
Bothell, Mr., 295.
Boughton, Colonel Richard, one of

Goffe's commissioners, 288, 329.
Boulte, Mr. John, 140.

Bow Hill, 257.

Bowyer, Sir Thomas, his origin, 15.

member for Bramber, 16.

at Chichester, 39.

expelled from the House of Com-
mons, 43.

sends a horse to Chichester, 45.

made prisoner by Waller, 56.

his estate sequestered, 122.
Bramber, Captain Temple's defensive
works at, 73.

the castle defended by Temple, 78.

the bridge held by Temple, 78.

Captain Fuller and Everden in charge
of, 86.

Charles II at, 259.

Brambletye, local Committee of Plun-
dered Ministers at, 138.
Brambletye House, searched, 309.
Brede, iron -works at, 176.
Bremen, Captain, 307.
Brent, Sir Nathaniel, his visitation, 27.
Brentford, the King's treatment of

prisoners taken at, 86.
Brett, Thomas of Cuckfield, 30.
Brighthelmstone (Brighton), anciently
a port, II.

ordnance sent from to Lewes, 41.

the Earl of Thanet embarks at, 64.

a wreck at, 153.

unrest at, in 1648, 201.

Charles II escapes from, 260.

the Warspite ordered to, 269.

importance of the North Sea fishery
to, 270.

the Dutch fleet off, 274.

the Cat at, 279.

dismay at, 280.

Ovingdean parish joined to, 296.

Colonel Culpepper at, 308, 315.
Bristol Articles of Surrender, 131.
Broadbridge, George, 266.
Broadwater, Waller at, 151.
Brockett, Ninian, 292.
Broughton, Captain, 252.
Browne, Colonel, second-in-command
to Waller before Chichester, 50.

his son captured at sea, 65.


Browne, John, ironfounder, 176.

examined by a committee of the

House, 177.

Browne, John, Jan., 177.
Browne, Lady, 267.
Broyll, the, occupied by Waller, 52.

manor of, sold to John Downes, 56.
Bruff, Martha, wife of Stephen, 8.
Buckle, the historian, 4.
Bunyard, Mr., 29.
Burrell, Walter, his furnace, 276.
Burrells, the, supporters of the Parlia-
ment, 5.

enriched by the iron industry, 9.
Burton, Dr. Edward of Westham, 32.

and the bishopric of Chichester,

Burton, Dr. John, his journey into

Sussex, 7.

Burton, Lieutenant, 76.
Bury Hill, the Clubmen at, 169.
Busbridge, Thomas, member of Sussex

Sequestrating Committee, 120.
Butler, James, of London, purchaser of

Amberley Castle, 129.
Butt, John of Bosham, 133.
Butts, Timothy, 249.
Buxted, ironworks at, 9.
Byron, Sir John, 20.

Calle, John, 145.

Camber Castle, 73.

Campion, Henry, 134.

Campion, Lady,' daughter of Sir Thomas

Parker, 193.
Campion, Sir William, sells Lamborn

Hall to Peter Courthope, 134.
fined on Borstall Articles, 134.
at the relief of Basing House, 160.
his correspondence with Colonel Mor-

ley, 191.

and with Major Shilbourne, 193.
killed at Colchester, 248.
his descendants, 325.
Campions, the, of Combwell and

Danny, 134, 193, 325.
Car, Mr., parson of St. Clement's,
Hastings, 149, 299.

Carey, Major Horatio, 52.

Carleton, George, Bishop of Chichester

(1619-1628), 79, 301.
Carleton, Guy, conspirator, afterwards

Bishop of Chichester, 301.
Carleton, Captain Henry, at Shoreham,


his parentage and character, 79.
member of Sussex SequestratingCom-

mittee, 123, 301.
Carver, Derrick, 222.
Caryll, Sir John, his house at South

Harting, 70, 120.
Caryll, John, of Harting, fined, 1 20.

his estate sequestered, 121.
Carylls, the, a Royalist family, 4.
enriched by the iron industry, 9.
Cat, the, 279, 280.
Catre, Captain, 52.
Cawley, John, the elder, 319.
Cawley, John, the younger, 302.
Cawley, William, elected member for

Midhurst, 16.
leads the Parliamentary party at

Chichester, 39.

procures guns from Portsmouth, 42.
takes flight to Portsmouth, 42.
writes to the Speaker concerning the
Royalist capture of Chichester, 43.
his letter to the Speaker from Farn-

ham, 67.
member of Sequestrating Committee

for Sussex, 120.
his interest in Sir Thomas Bowyer's

estate, 123.
appointed governor of Cowdray

House, 161.
reports the outrageous proceedings

of the Clubmen, 169.
writes to Scawen concerning the
difficulty of raising men and money,

one of the King's judges, 219.
signs the death-warrant, 220.
member of the Council of State,


presents his son to the living of Rother-
field, 302.

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