Charles W. (Charles Whitlock) Moore.

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sons of the Grand Lodge from participating in the action of that body on mat-
ters over which she, as a body, exercises jurisdiction ; while these A. Y. Ma-
sons are as ignorant of the work of this Council of Rites as we are of that of
the Odd Fellows. — See Constitution, Arts. 15 and 16.

Moreover, this Council of Rites is appointed annually by the Grand Master,
who must hence necessarily be both a Scotch and French (or Modern) Mason,
to be fully qualified lor his office ; and hence it also follows that an A. Y. Ma-
son, as such, is disqualified from being elected to preside as Grand Master of
an A Y. Grand Lodge. These principles are destructive of that equality
which is essentia] to the continued existence of our Ancient (not Modern) and
unchangeable Order. — Constitution, Arts. 54 and 56.

5th. She not only grants Charters of three different kinds to three different
Rites of Masons, (as she calls them,) but she grants Charters to Lodges of A.
Y. Masons, authorizing them to cumulate the Scotch and French Rites with
their own, and to initiate, pass and raise persons in the same Lodge, according
to the ceremonies of all and each of said three rites ; thus in fact blending all
three of the rites together; and this is true, notwithstanding her formal denial
of it.— See 2d Resolution, passed 27lh Nov. 1645.

6th. She has interfered with the religious opinions, and wounded the con-
sciences of many true Masons under her jurisdiction, and has changed one of
our ancient usages by prohibiting the installation of the officers of the subordi-
nate Lodges on St. John's day, unless that day happened to fall on a Sunday,

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and requiring such installation in all cases to be performed on a Sunday.—
Amendment to Constitution, Art. 63, adopted 27th Jan. 1846.

7th. She has violated the ancient Constitutions of the Order by prohibiting
all public Masonic processions and ceremonies, even for the purpose of dis-
charging the sacred duty of burying a dead Brother, who has desired to be so

8th. She has destroyed the secrecy of the ballot-box by ordering that the
member casting a negative vote shall state his reason to the Master of the
Lodge, and curtailed a long established Masonic right by empowering the
Master to reject the vote if he does not deem the reasons sufficient — Art. 66.

9th. She has abridged the rights of the Subordinate Lodges, by ordering
that no Master elect shall be eligible to the G. offices, unless he has served a
year as Master, — by this means throwing the preponderance into the hands of
the life memliers, since every Master may become such after one year's ser-
vice. — Sec. 1, An. 7.

J Oth. She has abridged the rights of the Subordinate Lodges by the admis-
sion of life members as representatives, by means of which the representatives
of Subordinate Lodges are outnumbered on every question regarding their in-
terests, and the whole power is thrown into the hands of those whose sole aim
is to aggrandize the G. Lodge, nnd who often have no connection with any
Subordinate Lodge. — Sec. 1, Arts. 7 and 8.

11th. She has abridged the privileges of the Subordinate Lodges by requir-
ing the country Lodges, when not represented by their officers, or a member
of the Lodge, to choose a proxy out of the existing members of the G. Lodge,
and who shall be a resident of the city oi New Orleans. — See Art. 11, adopt-
ed 27th of Jan. 1846.

12th. Worse than all this, she has permitted and encouraged in the Subor-
dinate Lodges working under her jurisdiction, and in her own body, an innova-
tion in the body of Masonry, which it would be unlawful here to communi-
cate ; a procedure not only at variance with our first taught duty as Masons,
but wholly subversive of one of the fundamental principles upon which our
sacred Institution was founded, and its principal safeguard.

Besides these, there are many other grievances and irregularities of which
we have a right to complain, which we cannot commit to writing, but which
we know to be subversive of the first principles of our beloved Order.

Your Committee believe that the foregoing facts speak for themselves, and
that the illegal measures of the G. Lodge of Louisiana need only to be known
to regular A. Y. Masons, to be generally reprobated. And they indulge a hope
that when the true state of Masonry in Louisiana shall be known to the dif-
ferent Grand Lodges of the United States, the action of the M. W. Grand
Lodge of Mississippi will be approved, and that the Grand Lodge of New
York will rescind her resolutions of the 7th Sept. 1847, and render justice to
their oppressed, but true-hearted Brethren of Louisiana, whose only offence ia
an uncompromising resistance to the introduction of any " changes in the body
of Masonry," by any power whatever ; and a fixed and steady determination
faithfully to discharge all the solemn duties imposed u|K>n thern as Ancient
York Masons, without being blended together against their consent, with any
other societies, whether good or bad. And we do solemnly maintain that
French or Scotch Rite Masons, ns such, have no greater right to intermeddle
with or govern us, than the Sons of Temperance, Odd Fellows, or Knights of
the Red Cross have, however good those societies may be. All good societies
should be sustained by all good men ; but this forms no reason why any two

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of tbem should be united, cumulated, or blended together, particularly against
the will of either.

For the truth of the facts asserted in this report, we pledge our faith as Ma-
sons, and challenge a personal investigation of them by all regular and enlight-
ened Ancient York Masons throughout the world ; to whose judgment alone
we are both bound and willing most cheerfully to submit
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Thob. H. Lewis, W. H. Van Rensselaer,

D. Blair, Fibber Raw son,

John Claiborne, E. Belleau,

Committee of Jfarren Lodge. Committee of Marion Lodge.

Willis P. Coleman, W. H. Howard,

C. D. Lehman, T. Greenfield,

John Gedge, Joseph W. Carroll,

Com. of Geo. Washington Lodge. Com. of Crescent City Lodge.

M. R. Dudley, Joseph Moss,

John P. McMillin, N. Silverthorn,

R. Parkinson, John Southwell,

Com. of Lafayette Lodge. Com. of Hiram Lodge.


Faith ! What uncounted comforts lie hidden in that little word ! A shield
for the unprotected, strength for the feeble, and joy to the care-worn and
grief-stricken. Let thy saving and cheering influence descend upon every

Hope ! Thou hast a throne in every bosom, a shrine in every heart. What
were the joys of earth without thy cheering light ? Beneath thy brilliant
beams, the frowns flit away from the brow of despair. Who could content-
edly dwell upon the arid wastes of life's desert, did not thy torch-gleams point
the way to a happier state ? When sorrow plows up the heart with deep fur-
rows, and the ties of life are sundered one by one, thou speakest peace to all
within. Let thy beacon-blaze shine on in unclouded splendor, until every
darkened path shall be lighted by its cheering rays.

Charity! Greatest of all — the crowned queen among the virtues, and the
brightest handmaid of religion and love. May thy steps never wax feeble, nor
thy heart grow cold. Let us mark thy presence by the mourner's couch, and
in every heart made desolate. Teach us to throw tby mantle of compassion
over the ignorant, the erring and the guilty. Let thy influence soften every
obdurate heart, and reclaim every vicious mind.

Faith ! oar pilgrim steps are turning,

To the altar raised for thee,
Where a beacon, brightly burning,

Shall our guide and symliol be ;
In the power that kindness giveth,

Many wanderers to restore,
In the God that ever liveth,

We will trust for evermore.

Hope ! before thy shrine, un faded,
Bud and bloom perennial flowers }

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Thou hast cheered as, thou hast aided,
In the heart's desponding hours ;

By the light thy smile hath given,
Darksome paths were traversed o'er,-

Till we find the gate of heaven,
fie thou near for evermore.

Charity ! we fail in duty,

If (he highest grace we need,
And without thy crowning beauty,

Faith and Hope were dead indeed ;
For the sick and poor who perish,

In i he homes where joy is o'er,
And the erring, may we cherish,

Charity for evermore.



Sir Knight Gould, from the Committee on Dispensations and new Encamp-
ments, made the following report, which was adopted :
To the General Grand Encampment of ike United Stales:

The Committee on Dispensations and new Encampments beg leave to report,
that they have examined the By-Laws and proceedings of Frankfort Encamp-
ment, acting under Dispensation at Frankfort, Kentucky, and find the same to
be consistent with the General Grand Constitution ; the Committee therefore
submit the following resolution :

Resolved, That a Charter be issued to Frankfort Encampment, acting under
Dispensation at Frankfort, Kentucky, by the style of Frankfort Encampment,
No. 4.

The Committee have also examined the By-Laws and proceedings of Portland
Encampment, at Portland, Maine, and find nothing inconsistent with the General
Grand Constitution. But the Committee find in the By-Laws a number of provi-
sions, not only superfluous, but in their opinion not proper to be inserted, and
one provision which they consider inadmissible. They have designated these
passages, in the copy of the By-Laws submitted, by inclosing them in brackets.

The Committee report the following resolution :

Resolved, That a Charter be issued to the Encampment acting under Dispensa-
tion, at Portland, Maine, by the style of Portland Encampment, No. 2, — and that
they be directed to strike from their By-Laws, of the second article the first five
sections, and the eighth, ninth, tenth and thirteenth. Also, the last clause of
the first section of the third article, and the sixth article entire ; and to remodel
the fifth article, so as to require candidates to be vouched for by Knights Tem-
plars alone.

The Committee have examined the By-Laws of Montgomery Encampment, at
Mountsterling, Kentucky, and find them agreeable to the General Grand Consti-
tution. They therefore report the following resolutions :

Resolved, That a Charter be issued to the Encampment now under dispensation
at Mountsterling, Kentucky, by the style of Montgomery Encampment, No. 5.

The Committee have also had under consideration the applications for Char-
ters from Pittsburg Encampment, at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania ; Nashville En-
campment, at Nashville, Tennessee ; Barker Encampment, at Claiborne, Alaba-
ma, and Apollo Encampment, at Chicago, Illinois; none of which have furnished
copies of their By-Laws. The Committee report the following resolution :

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Resohed, That Charters be issued to Pittsburg; Encampment, at Pittsburg,
Pennsylvania ; Nashville Encampment, at Nashville, Tennessee ; Barker En-
campment, at Claiborne, Alabama, and Apollo Encampment, at Chicago, Illi-
nois, so soon as they comply with the requisitions of the General Grand Constitu-
tion, make the necessary returns to the General Grand Recorder, and settle all

The committee have also had under consideration a communication in regard
to Lafayette Encampment, No. 4, in the State of Vermont

The Committee are of opinion that, if the facts stated were before the General
Grand Encampment in due form, they would present a case for the moat favora-
ble consideration. This Encampment appears to have suffered severely from the
Anti-Masonic excitement in that State, and the Grand Encampment of the State
has, in the meantime, become extinct When such an event occurs, the com-
mittee are of opinion that the jurisdiction over subordinate Encampments, of
necessity, rests in this General Grand body ; and at the hands of this body, an
association situated like Lafayette Encampment has every claim to indulgence.
But the application now before us is entirely unofficial, being a private letter
from an officer of the subordinate Encampment, to a Knight Companion holding
no office, by whom it is now communicated. With every desire, therefore, to
give full relief, and ample protection to this Encampment, when regularly ap-
plied for, your committee ask to be discharged from the further consideration of
the subject

The Committee have had under consideration the application of the three
Encampments in the State of Kentucky, now chartered, for permission to form a
Grand Encampment, and recommend that the same be granted.
All which is respectfully submitted,
(Signed,) B. Latham,

Wm. T. Gould,
Edward A. Raymond.


Sir William P. Wilson proposed the following amendment to the Constitution,
which was adopted by the Constitutional vote :

In sec. 5 of the 3d article, add after the word tf established," in the 5th line of
the printed copy, " except by the content of the nearest Encampment in such foreign
State wherein the applicant or applicants reside."


Sir Albert Case, from the Committee on the doings of the General Grand
Officers, made the following additional report, which was accepted:

The Committee on the doings of the General Grand Officers, respectfully sub-
mit the following additional report:

Since they submitted their former report, they have examined the communica-
tion of the Genera] Grand Recorder, from which they learn that, in 1824, there
existed in Virginia three subordinate Encampments,— two of which held Char-
ters of recognition, and the other a Charter of Constitution from this General
Grand Encampment About 1826, these three Encampments formed a Grand
Encampment for the State, which, in that year, was represented in the General
Grand Encampment Nothing further is known of this Grand Encampment ;
but it is presumed to have ceased to exist soon after its organization ; for it ap-
pears that in 1838, a Dispensation, and subsequently a Charter, was granted by
this General Grand Encampment for an Encampment to be located at Wheeling,
in that State. Matters continued in this condition until the 11th of December,
1845, when delegates from sundry Encampments, including the three owing


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their allegiance to this General Grand body, met at Richmond, and having re*
solved that it was impossible to revive the extinct Grand Encampment, proceeded
to form a new one for the State.

Such is a brief statement of the facts. Your Committee are of the opinion
that when the original Grand Encampment of Virginia ceased to exist, jurisdic-
tion over the State reverted to this body. And this seems to have been the view
entertained in 1838, when this General Grand Encampment established an En-
campment at Wheeling.

They are also of the opinion that immediate jurisdiction over, at least, the
three subordinate Encampments, which derived their authority from this body,
also reverted to its original source. This being true, there was no power vested
in the subordinate Encampments in Virginia to organize a Grand Encampment,
without the consent and approval of this Genera) Grand Encampment, as provi-
ded by the Constitution. This consent or approval was never obtained, or even
asked for.

It follows, therefore, that the body now existing, and styling itself the Grand
Encampment of Virginia, is irregular and unauthorized. It refuses allegiance to
this General Grand Encampment, and denies its authority in the State of Virginia.

In view of all the facts, your Committee feel constrained to reprobate, in the
strongest terms, these irregular and unmasonic proceedings ; and especially do
they censure and condemn the faithlessness of the three subordinate encamp-
ments deriving their lawful existence from this General Grand Encampment;
and they recommend that all intercourse between the Sir Knights acknowledging
allegiance to this General Grand Encampment and the aforesaid Eucampments
in Virginia, be withheld.

Your committee take pleasure in excepting from this general censure the En-
campment at Wheeling, which has continued " faithful among the faithless."
(Signed,) Albert Cask,

William E. S a if roan,
Wm. Fikld.

jurisdiction of subordinate bncampmkifts.
Sir Charles W. Moore, from the special committee, made the following report,
which was accepted :

The Committee to whom* was referred the communication from the Grand
Encampment of Ohio, in relation to the jurisdiction of subordinate Encamp-
ments, respectfully report:

Your Committee are of opinion that this General Grand Encampment cannot,
with propriety or constitutionally, interfere with the jurisdiction of any subordi-
nate Encampment in any State or Territory where there is a Grand Encamp-
ment legally established.

Your Committee are also of the opinion that the jurisdiction of each and every
subordinate Encampment, in States and Territories where there is no Grand
Encampment, extends, in all directions, to one-half the distance between itself
and the next nearest Encampment ; provided, that in no case cau the jurisdic-
tion of a subordinate Encampment extend beyond the limits of the State or Ter-
ritory in which it is located. Nor is it, in the opinion of your Committee, com-
petent for an Encampment to confer the Orders upon any Companion coming from
the jurisdiction of another Encampment, without the permission of such En-
campment; and any violation of this rule would subject the offending parties to
the liability imposed by the 5th section of the 3d article of the General Grand

Respectfully submitted,
(Signed,) C. W. Moors,

E. S. Barnoh,
Wm, T. Gouuk

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Danvtilt, Afc, March 3, 1848.

Dear Sir awd Brother: — Since I have had the pleasure of perusing your
valuable and instructive Magazine, I have been forcibly struck with the appa-
rent contrast between our New England and Western Masonic advance. Why
is it that here in our beloved New England, the land of light and knowledge,
our pace is slow, while in the far West, amid all the drawbacks which are in-
cident to a new country, the prosperity of our beloved Fraternity is rapid and
onward? Is it because old antipathies yet survive, and unjust and unfounded
accusations yet cause coldness and suspicion ? Or rather is it because that
warm-hearted, zealous, ever active, self-denying Charity, which smiles on young
Manonry in the West, has become chilled, feeble and' torpid, from its Rip Van
Winkle sleep, on our snow-capped hills? I fear the latter is the true cause
of the apparent difference. Almost every number of your Magnzine tells of
some new effort by the Brethren of the West and South, for the alleviation and
benefit of the poor and unfortunate. Reports from our New England Lodges
tell us who have been elected qfficers; and, with one or two exceptions, where
they have started Lodge libraries.

I know that Masonry should not, does not, boast its charities to the world,
and would fain believe that the secret stream pursues its wonted course of
love and beneficence ; but the undeniable fact, that continued efforts, let them
be shrouded in the impenetrable darkness of midnight, will produce effects
apparent to all, even as the internal reservoir, if full, will force its bubbling
crystal springs to the surface, forbids that belief. 1 do most sincerely believe
that whenever and wherever the sublime and attractive principles of our Fra-
ternity are properly exemplified, success and happiness will attend it ; and
without such exemplification, we do not deserve success. If we of the East
do not need institutions of learning, as dp our Brethren of the West, there are
other objects, both public and private, which might most profitably occnpy our
attention. Charity and philanthropy must be in constant activity to attain
perfection of stature. Unemployed, they become diminished and deformed.

1 do not know but that 1 may justly lay myself liable to the charge of ultra-
ism, but it does seem to me that while there is one single object left unaccom-
plished, the effecting of which will serve to elevate our own moral and intel-
lectual character, or add to the happiness of the poor and distressed, a Lodge
should never deem itself rich enough to abolish its equitable quarterages; and
I would ask, is it in accordance with the spirit of our Institution to do so ? Is
it calculated to foster that enlarged benevolence of heart, so necessary to a just
and upright Mason, and which is so forcibly inculcated by emblems and in-
junctions, that we, while in health and with the ability, should absolve our-
selves from the contribution of that mite necessary to defray the current ex-
expenses of our Lodges, and live on that which should fill the purse of heaven-
born Charity ? Is there any Lodge in New England which has more funds
than it can appropriate legitimately and profitably to purposes of benevolence ?
If so, it is remarkably blessed.

Believing that the practice which has obtained to some extent, at least in
this section, of abolishing quarterages, is not only unjust to those who hnve,
or who may hereafter have, legitimate claims upon us, but pernicious in iis
effects upon ourselves, and highly injurious to our beloved Institution, both n*
regards its standing and success, I should be highly gratified if you would
give your views on that point, so far as may be consistent I think the effect

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would be highly beneficial, for I do believe that the right spirit is with us, and
needs but the motive impulse to arouse it to action. I love the Institution,
and cannot rest satisfied that it should be simply better than others. I wish
it to attain that practical perfection, (so far as human efforts can avail,) to
which its inestimable and faultless principles entitle it
Respectfully and fraternally yours,

Geo. W. Chase.

Sidney, O., March 9, JL L. 5848.

Dear Broth eh, — * * * Permit me, as an old Mason, to turn your at-
tention to the proposition submitted to the Grand Lodges, in reference to the
formation of a "Supreme Grand Lodge." Would it be advisable to merge in
that body, the inherent powers of Grand Lodges which they now respectively
possess of declariog what w, and what shall be, considered " the body of Ma-
sonry," and give to that body the exclusive right to enforce obedience to that
and other general edicts ? Would it not be well, previous to vesting that
power, to have the questions— What are "the Landmarks"? and, What con-
stitutes u the body of Masonry" ? (which none may innovate,) — clearly, satis*
factorily, and incontrovertibly settled ?

Would it not also be essentially necessary, that the ceremonies of opening
and closing the symbolic degrees, and sundry appurtenances thereto, be mu-
tually fixed and made permanent, in order that harmony and uniformity, in-
stead of discord and confusion ? which, without such mutual fixedness, must
ever mar the work of Brethren hailing from different centres and different
Orients. Would such a body be productive of good without such previous
questions being satisfactorily and rationally settled ? Or, if formed without,
and error of any kind, (material, I mean,) once established, would it not fasten
that error irrevocably upon the Fraternity ?

Now, my predilections are rather in favor of this federal head, provided we
can have it without compromitting any Masonic u landmark," or innovating
a the body of Masonry."

Masonry, uninnovated, has survived the wreck of empires, — and why ? Be-
cause they have changed, modified and ultimately subverted the original bonds
of union, and thus alienated the affections, or trampled upon the rights, or
absorbed the individualism of the government

Similar changes will produce similar effects in our time-honored Institution.
Hence, from time immemorial, we have all, P. M.'s at least, declared that " it
is not in the power of any man or body of men, to make innovations in the
body of Masonry."

Has it ever been done ? Ask the G. Lodge of Prussia. Has she not posi-
tively invaded the body of Masonry by shutting her doors— not against the
Jews alone, the original founders of Masonry — but against good and true men,
already consecrated to the Order by all the solemn and affiliating ceremonies

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Online LibraryCharles W. (Charles Whitlock) MooreThe Freemason's monthly magazine → online text (page 12 of 15)