Charles Wriothesley.

A chronicle of England during the reigns of the Tudors, from A. D. 1485-1559 online

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warkes, and trenched yt about; which shott into BuUeyne, Base
Bolleine, and " The olde man," but they did little hurte.

This n)oncth of Julye in the Citie of Paris, in Fraunce, was such A tempest in
a great tempest of thundringe and lightninge that 4 of the cheife ^*^'
churches in Paris were set on fyre, and allso the great tower where
the French Kinges ordinaunce laye was broken downe; so that the
tempest was so vehement and terrible that they there thought the
day of dome had bene come; allso at Newehaven, in Brytaine,^ at
the scttinge forth of the Frenche Einges navie, his great caryke,
called Rumpye La Conte,® by misfortune of fyre was bumte;
many lordes, ladyes^ and gentlemen beinge in hir, with great
ordinance and substance and a million of gouldc in hir, which was
to have payd his men of warre their wages, was burnt and lost, and
noe creature saved.

The 18th day of Julye, at 9 of the clocke at night, beganne a The Frenche
thunder and lightninge with sometime rayne, which continued all °*^*®*
night till the next daye at 8 of the clocke in the morninge, and the
same day at aft^moone all the Frenche Einges navie came out of
Newehaven and Deepe and aryved on the coast of England in
Sussex, afore Brighthemstcd/ which were in nomber above 300
shippcs, besydes 24 galleyes that they had; and there they sett
certeine of theyr souldiers a land to burne; but the beacons were
fyred, and the men of the country came downe so thicke that the
French men fled and did litle hurte.

The 19 day of Julye, by misfortune of shootinge a gonne in one of Men bnrnte in
the Eedghoges* afore Westminster, a firken of gonnepowder fyred ^^5^?^"
which slewe 3 persons out of hande, 4 other sore burnt which shortly
after dyed, and another leapt into the Thames and was drowned.

* The Old Man was a tower standing without the town, which senred as a land-
mark to direct vessels entering the haven of Boulogne.

•* Havre-de-Grace in Normandy.

« Da Bellay (Memoires, ed. Petitot, vol. iii. p. 563) calls it << le Carraqnon," bat
this appears to mean only " the great carrack.'^

** Brighton. * To which Stow adds the explanation, " a ship."

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158 wbtothbsley's chronicle.

A.D. 1646. The 20th daye of July the Mary Rose, one of the Einges great

RoM^dro^ ed ^^^PP^> ^7 great misfortune by leavinge the porte holdes open, as

' she turned sanke,* and all the men that were in her, savinge a 40,

were drowned, which were above 600 persons; Sir George Carowe,*

knight, captaine, which was drowned; this was done before Portes-

mouth haven.®

Frenche men The 21 day of July the Frenche galleys and navie came before

Y?*^^! W^ht Po''^™^^^ haven, and landed certeine of theyr armye in the Ylc

of Wyght, and there burned and camped there about to the nomber

of 2,000 men, and came every tyde with theyr gallies and shott

theyr ordinaunce at the Einges ships in the haven ;^ but the winde

was so calme that the Einges shippes could bear noe sayle, which

was a great discomfort for them.

An army out The 24 day of Julye the Citye of London sent 1,500 men toward

Port^oSth! Port^nou^h, which mustred in St. Georges Feelde, the Under

Chamberlaine and the Sword-bearer havinge the conduction of

them all; with allso to assist them an honest citizen was appointed

for every warde till they came to Portesmouth; but when they

were come to Famam they were returned home againe by the

Einges commaundement, for the Frenchmen were gone out of the

Yle of Wyght,« and divers of them slaine and drowned.'

* The French said that thej had snnk her by their fire, the F'Uglish that she had
gone down through great negligence, being orerladen with ordnance, and baring
her ports very low.

^ Sir George Carew was a naral captain, councillor of Calais, and lieatenant of

** A fleet of sixty ships of war was collected at Portsmonth under the flag of
Dndlcy Lord Lisle, High Admiral.

^ Lisle, after a distant cannonading, retired into Portsmonth Harboor, where the
King then was.

* After holding a council of war the French admiral, Annebaut, determined to
defer the conquest of the Isle of Wight, as originally intended, and sailed away
towards Dorer, landing occasionally to bum and destroy.

' In scTeral instances, as at Newharen, the Frenchmen got worse than they gave,
being soon driven away, with the loss of their captain and many soldiers, by the

Digitized by


wbiothbslet's chronicle. 159

For the settinge forth of the sayd souldiers there was levyed of ^-^^ ^5*^-
the citizens in every warde certeine sommes of mony after the rate ^^^ **"
of a 15th, which the alderman of every ward payd out of hand, and
after gathered againe of theyr wardes, and every souldier had payd
him at his setting forth in mony 35., and at Famam retuminge to
London againe 2«. more to bringe them home.

This moneth of July were divers billes cast in the streates in Billes in the
London directed to the mayor of the same, declaringe in them of ^*^****^
certeine preistes and straungers that would fyre the citye in divers
places, which billes the mayor shewed to the Einges Counsaill.

The last daye of Julye, by the advice of the Kinges Counsaill, For watche
the Mayor of London sent preceptes to every alderman for keepinge ^ ' '">g«"«
a substantiall watche in every warde with honest househoulders,
and that in every warde every night one of the substantiall men of
the same warde should watche with the constable, beginninge at
9 of the clocke at night and continue till 4 of the clock in the
morningc; allso to search all straungers houses, as well denisons
as not denisons, and to take from them all such hameis and other
munitions of warre as they had in theyr houses, and to keepe them
till such tyme as they had commaundement to deliver them againe;
sAlio that noe straunger should goe out of his house after 8 of the
clocke at night till 6 in the morninge, nor that they should not
company togither in the daye time in drinkinge at any alehouse or
taveme ; and allso to take the names of all straungers in every warde,
and such as resorted to them, and to certifye their names and such
armour as they had to the mayor with all hast possible, and, for
to see this watch well ordered and kepte, two aldermen or theyr
deputies should ryde about the citie every night till Michaellmas,
the mayor beginninge himselfe, which beganne this same night.

The 4th day of August the citie of London sent a 1,000 souldiers,
of gonners, bowemen, morris pykes, and billes, which mustered in
Finsbery feild, and there had every man a newe white coate, and
so went from thense to Tower wharfe, where they toke barges to
Gravesende, and to goe from thence to Dover. The Sworde-bearer

Digitized by




A.D. 1545.

Lord Poyn-
inges death.

Dnkc of Sof-
folkes deathe.

keplDge the

burnt by
tho Lord

and William Wever to have the conducting of them thither, and
everie man had paid him for his conduct money to Dover tow
shillinges six pence in money, and when they came there to enter
into the Kinges wages, which money was delivered to the Chamber-
laine of London by the Kinges Treasorer, and also 4*. for everie

This month of August * died at BoUeyne the valiant Captaine
Sir Thomas Poyninges, Lord Poyninges and Captaine of BoUeyne,
which had donne many great feates of armes against the Frenchmen,
for whose death great mone was made.

This moneth also died at Gilford the excelent Prince Charles
Brandon,^ Duke of Suffolke and Lord Great Master of the Kinges
Househould, whose death all true Englishmen maie greatlie lament,
which had been so valiant a captaine in the Kinges warres, booth
in Scotland, Frauncc, and Irelande, to the great dammage and
losse of the Kinges enemies, whose bodie was honorably buried at
Windsor at the Kinges costes.

This yeare, from the eightenth daie of Julie till the 23*** daie of
August, the French Kinges navie and galleies rowed upp and downe
the Narrow Seas, so that no passage [boat] came from BuUeyne and
Callis but by stclth in the night,^ for the wecther was so calme that
their was no wynde blowing; but at their retoming home the Kinges
navie mett with them, and had great shott of gonnes one against
another, with little hurte on either part.

The nynetenth daie of September Sir John Dudley, knight.
Lord Lislee, Lord Admirall of Englande, landed with six thousand
men at Tra3rport, in Bryttaine,^ and their brent the towne and

« On the 18th Angost, 1545.

*» The Duke of Suffolk, who was brother in-law of Henry VIII., haring married
Marj, the King's sister, and dowager of Lonis XII., died on the 22nd Angnst, 1545.

<> It was the object of the French admiral, having temporarily obtained the
command of the Channel, to prcrent the English from victualling Boulogne, or from
sending reinforcements of ships from the Thames to Portsmouth.

* Tr^port in Normandy.

Digitized by


wriotheslet's chronicle. 161

abbey with certaine howees about it, and thirtie shippes, and a barke i^i>- 1^6
that laie in the haven, with losse of 14 Englishmen, and so retomed
into England againe to the great discompfort of the Frenchmen.

The 12th daie of September, about fower of the clocke in the St. Giles
morninge, the church of St. Giles without Criplegate was espied on ^
fire, which church, with the steple and bells, was cleene burned
before seaven of the clocke in the same morning, the stone walles
onelie saved, which could not burner by what meanes no man could

The 24th daie of September there was a solemnpe generall pro- -A. solempnc
cession kept at Powles with a sermon, the bishoppe of London in processioii.
his pontificalibus singing Te Deum, and after the procession, with
all the priestes and clarkes going in rytch copes, and 70 crosses of
silver gilt of the parishes of the cittie borne before them, which pro-
cession was geaven to give laude and prayse to God for the victorie
that God had sent the Kinges Majestic in Scotland, and that the
French armie was departed from BoUeyne.

This yeare Sir John AUein, knight, died, which had bene tow Acollerof
tymes major ■ of the cittie of London, and gave to the cittie, to the ^ the ciuie"
use of the major for eaver, a rytch coUer of gold to be [worn] yearelie
at his anyversarie, which collar Sir William Laxston, major, ware
first on Sainct Edwardes daie to the election of the new major.

The eightenth of October, being Sainct Lukes daie and Soun- Prooession in
daie, Paules quire song the procession in English by the Kinges °^
injunction, which shall be song in everie parish church throughout
Englande everie Soundaie and festivall daie, and non other.

Henrici Vin. Anno 37.

This yeare Sir John Baldwin, knight, Cheiffe Justice of the
Common Place, died in Octobre last; and the tenth of November
Sir Edward Montague, Cheiffe Justice of the Kinges Bench,
was removed from that court and swome Cheiffe Justice of the
Common Place; and Sir Richard Listre, Lord Cheiffe Baron of
* In the years 1525 and 1535.


Digitized by



wriothesley's chronicle.

A new

Recorder in

A.D. 1646-6. the Exchequer, was made Serjeant at the lawe by writt, and
pleaded in Westminster Hall in all the courtes with the serjeantes
that daie, they being all in their robes of Scarlett; and the tenth
daie he was sworne Cheiffe Justice of the Kinges Bench; and the
11th daie Sir Roger Cholmeley, knight, and Recorder of London,
was sworne Lord Cheiffe Baron of the Exchequer.

The twelfe daie of November Mr. Robert Brooke, late commen
sergeante of the cittie of London, was sworne Recorder, and Mr.
Thomas Atkins, gentleman, was sworne commen sergeant.

The sevententh daie of Novembre Sir Richard Gressam, knight,
and Mr. Robert Brooke, were chosen knightes of the shire for the
iWliament for the cittie of London.

l/The Perliament beganne at Westminster the 23*^ daie of

At this Perliament was granted to the Einges Majestic a
subseidie of the spiritualtie of six shillinges the pounde, to be paid
in tow yeares, and another subsedie of the temperaltie, as faces ^ in
I the, booke of statutes.

*^^^ This yeare, at a commen councell holden at the Guildhall, was
granted tow Gftenthes of the citizens to bring the water from
Hackney and Finesburie Fieldes into the cittie, which my lord
major made great haste to sett it forward.

The 13th daie of Februarie was arraigned at the Guildhall, in the
condem^ned f ^ft^^noune, one Johan Edling, wiffe of John Edling, purveyor for
the Kinges oxen, dwelling in Smithfield, for clypping of goulde,
and their had judgment to be drawen and brente; ajid the twentie-
sixth daie of Februarie she was ledd from the Towre of London to
Smythfield, and their bound to the stake to be brent. But then

A perliament

A subsidie.

For the

[A.D. 1646.]

A woman



* The 24th of November began a Parliament wherein was granted to the King a
subsidy of 2s. Sd. in the pound of goods and 4«. of land. Also all colleges,
chantries, and hospitals, were committed to the King's order to alter and transpose,
which he promised to do to the glory of God and the common profit of the realm.*-

^ appears.

Digitized by


wriothesley's chronicle. 163

came one of my Lord Chauncelors gentlemen riding post, and a.d. 1546.

brought her pardon, and so she was saved.

This yeare, in Aprill, three aldermen, that is to • say, Mr. John [Anno Reg. S8.]

Sadler, draper, Mr. Thomas Lewyn, ironmonger, and Mr. Richard Aldermen gave npp
■n J 1 1 • 1 1 . 1^ 1 r 1 .thercloakes.

Jieede, Salter, gave upp their clokes* by the assent of my lord

major and his brethren, which were discharged irelie without

paying any fine to the cittie.

The yeare, at Easter, the stewes** was putt downe by the Kinges The stewes pntt
proclamation made there with a trumpett and an harold at armes, as
apeareth by the same proclamation.

This yeare, in Maie, the Einges shipps toke one of the French
galleis with great riches in her.

This yeare all manner of victualls was deere and at high prices, ProTision for come,
and wheate was solde at 27*. and 285. the quarter, wherfore my
Lord Major,* fearing great penurie, made provision of come from
beyond seas, which come came to London in June. And also the
Einge charged the cittie to take twentie thousand quarters of
wheate and rye, which he had provided for his warres beyonde the
seas; wherfore my lord major was faine to levie great sommes of
money of the company of the said cittie for the payment of the same :
and also to restraine meale and come from the said cittie till they
had uttred it, and sett all the mills, 7*^ miles compasse about
London, to grinde the same.

This yeare, the 13th daie of June, being Whitsoundaie, was a a peace with France
solempne peace proclaymed within the cittie of London,^ with P«>cl*y™^-
other ceremonies as hereafter followeth ; first, my lord major with
his brethren the aldermen assembled in the cathedrall church of
Paules, with all the citizens in their best lyveries; and, the high
masse being ended, there was a sermon made in the upper quire,

• Or gowns.

** The stewes on the banke side of the Thames, in Sonthwark. — Stow.
« Sir Martin Bowes.

^ By this treaty Henry agreed to restore to the French King the town of Boulogne
npon payment of 800,000 crowns within the next eight years.

Digitized by


164 wbiothesley's chronicle.

A.D. 1546. afore the highe aulter, exhorting the people to give laud and prajrse
to Almightie God for the continuance of the same peace. The
sermon ended, Te Deum was songen within the quire, the bishopp
in his pontificalibus, with my lord major sitting in the deanes
stall, and the bishopp next him. Then a solempne procession, with
all their crosses and banners, of all the parish churches in London;
the children of Paules schoule going formost with tow crosses
afore them, then all the other crosses following theim. Then the
clarkes of the parishes in r3rtch robes, all the priestes and curattes
following them in rych copes also. Then the quire with their
crosses and copes. Then the quire of Paules with their crosses and
copes, the bishopp of London ^ bearing the sacrament of the alter
under a rych canopie, bareheaded, his crosse and miter borne afore
him, with fewer great branches of waxe and tow torches, going
about the sacrament,^ my lord major and his brethren the alder-
men, with their craftes of the cittie, followinge. The procession
waie*^ out at the north dore of Paules into Cheepe, by Sainct
Michaells at the Querne,^ on the north side of Cheepe, and so by
Stolkes ® and Cornehill, on the same side of London, to Leadenhall
comer, and so homewarde, on the south side, throughe Cheepe, and
then through Paules churchyarde, and comming in againe at the
west dore of Paules church.
The order of First assembled at Saint Magnus in Fish Streate the haroldes and
tion. sheriyes of London, where was made the iirst proclamation,' then

fower trumpettes riding in trump cowples, tow haroldes next in

* Edmond Bonner.

^ This was the last show of the rich crosses and copes in London, for shortlj after
thej, with other the church phite, were caUed into the King's treasory and wardrobe.
— Stow.

* Probably a clerical error for " went."

' The church of St MichaePs le Qneme, in Cheapside, where the corn-market
was held, hence the church was called St. Michael's ad bladnm, or at the com,
" queme " signifying both " com " and " mill."

* The Stokes or Stocks market was situated at the junction of Lombard Street and
Ck>mhill, on the site of the present Mansion House.

' Of the peace concluded with France.

Digitized by


wriothesley's chronicle. 165

their cote armors, the seijeantat-armes of the cittie riding betwene a.d. 1546.
them with his masse. Then Wyndsor, an harold, in his cote armor
following alone. Then Norrey and Clarentius^ Kinges-at-Arraes,
in their rych cotes of armes following; then the tow shrives in their
Scarlett gownes with white roddes in their handes following ; and
so rode in order to Leaden hall comer, where was made the second
proclamation; and so from thence through Cornehill into Cheep beyond
the Crosse, where was made the third proclamation before my lord
major and his brethren; the procession standing still till the procla-
mation was made their. Then throughe Poules churchyeard, and
out of Ludgate to the conduite in Fleete Streete, and their procla3rmed
last; Norrey Kinge-at- Armes reding the proclamation, and Rach***
Dragon the harold proclayming, a tnimpett blowing first three
tymes, and after proclamation all the trumpettes blowing in ererie
place, and so made an ende.

This night also was great fiars made in London in everie streete,
with banquetinge, and a great fiar made afore my lorde mayors ^ gate,
where he had sett a hogshed of wyne and another of spruce beare
with spice breade, with great pottes, one bottle of silver, and all
gilt of great wight, for all commers by to drinke as long as it

The fowertenth dale of June, being Whitsonn Moundaie, dynned A sherife
at my lord majors the capteyne* of the fortresse by Bulleyne, with fo^^jj™^
other captaines of the French Einges, wher they had a great and
sumptuous dynner, my Lord Cheifife Baron and divers aldermen and
their wives, after the ould custome of this cittie at such highe feastes,
being their at dynner also; and, to shewe the said captaine some
awthoritie of the major of London, my lord major did electe and
chose that daie when he was at waffers and ipocras Mr. Richard

* Or Clarencienx, bo named from this herald being attached to the Dnke of
Clarence in the reign of Edward IV.

*» Konge Dragon.

* Sir Martin Bowes.

' Ondart de Bioz, Marshal of France, and )ate Goremor of Boulogne.

Digitized by


166 wriotheslet's chronicle.

A.D. 1546. Jervis, mercer and alderman, for one of the sherives of London for

J the next yeare foUowinge, taking a cuppe of ipocras in his hande,

and bringinge* his good lucke for one of the sherives which was

[at] ** the borde present and his wyffe also; which thing donne, the

said captaine said he woold not for five hundred crownes but he

had scene the said order, thankinge hartelie my lord major for his

great cheere and pleasure he had shewed him.

A prettie order This yeare the watch was laid downe by a court of aldermen for

Eaven ^™™®' eaver, but my lord major rode on Midsommer Even *• and "* Sainct

night. Peeters, having an hundred constables going before him well

apparayled, with their hensemen and cressett lightes, all my lord

majors officers and servantes in cassackes and jerkins of yellow

satten of Bruges, the three squires in yellowe damaske, the swerde

bearer riding in a cassocke of yellow velvett with a great chainCi

and my lordcs footemen in doblettes and sloppes of yellowe vellvett,

with his armes embrodered on their breastes and backes, the tow

sherives and their officers foUowinge my lord major, and afler them

fortie constables more with their cressitt lightes, which was a proper

sight, and all at the majors owne charges, saving the constables


A contribution^yThis yeare the Kinges Majestic, by reason of the great charges

to the mge. ^£ j^j^ warres that he had with France and Scotlande, with his new

buildinges at Bulleyne and other fortresses, he demanded and

gathered a contribution of his subjects through all his realme of

Englande, that is to saie, of everie parson being in goodes of the

value of 15Z. and upward, 2<2. of the pounde, and of landes from fortie

shillinges upward, \d, of the pound, to be paid at the end of everie

moneth during five monthes, the first payment to begine and be

paid by the last daie of June next, and so fourth everie month till

the first daie of November next comminge.

The twentie-seaventh daie of June Dr. Crome preached at Paules

I thefi

• Probably a clerical error for " drinking.**

^ Omitted in MS.

« Probably a clerical error for " to."

Digitized by



Crosse, and their recanted upon certaine articles that he had sett to ^^- 1W6.
his hand the 20th of Aprill last past, and should have recanted at a
sermon that he made at Paules Crosse the n3mth daie of Maie,
which was the Soundaie next after Lowe Soundaie, and did not;
wherupon he was exam3rncd before the Einges Coonsell, and
remayned ever synce in warde with one of the Einges Councell till
this daie that he recanted and confessed that he had sett his hand to
the said articles. At which sermon was present Lord Wriothesley,
Lord Chauncelor of Englande, Duke of Norfolke, Lord Great
Master of the Einges howseholde, with divers other of the Einges
Councell, with the major and aldennen, and a great awdience of
people, and after his sermon he was discharged.

This Doctor Crome, after his comitting, while he was in warde at
Greenewych, in the court, under my Lord Chauncelor, accused
divers persons as well of the court as of the cittie, with other
persons in the countrey, which putt many persons to great troble,
and some suffred death after.

Also this month, aft;er the peace, the Einges Majestic christened The Kinge
the Dolphins chield; Sir Thomas Cheney, knight, and Lorde D^ipiiines
Warden of the Five Portes, being the Einges debitey at the christ- chielde.
ning, which rode into France with a goodlie company, and was
there highlie receaved of the French Einge.

The e^htenth daie of June, 1546, were arraigned at the Guilde Certaine
Hall, for heresee. Doctor Nicholas Shaxston, sometyme bishop of^J^^odfor
Salisburie; Nicholas White, of London, gentleman; Anne Eeme, ^®i^^®-
alias Anne Askewe, gentlewoman, and wifie of Thomas Eeme,
gentleman, of Lyncolneshire; and John Hadlam,' of Essex, taylor;
and were this daie first indited of heresie and after arraygned on the
same, and their confessed their heresies against the sacrament of the
alter without any triall of a jurie, and so had judgment to be brent**
Theise persons being justices, Sir Martin Bowes, knight, lord major

* Other authorities call him John Adlanui or Adams.
** For assertlDg their disbelief of the corporeal presence.

Digitized by


168 wbiotherlet's chbonicle.

A.D. 1546. of London, the Duke of Norfolke, the Lord Great Master,* the
Bishopp of London, Doctor Heath, Bbhopp of Worcestre, the tow
Cheiffe Justices of the Kinges Bench and Comen Place, the Lord

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