Charlotte Mary Yonge.

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WHAT BOOKS TO LEND
AND WHAT TO GIVE



CHARLOTTE M. YONGE



NATIONAL SOCIETY S DEPOSITORY
WESTMINSTER









U$2>



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Boston Public Library



http://www.archive.org/details/whatbookstolendwOOyong



MESSRS. MACMILLAH & CO. 'S PUBLICATIONS.



WORKS BY CHARLOTTE M. YONGE,

NOVELS AND TALES. With Illustrations. Crown 8vo. 6s. each.



The Heir of Redclyffe.

Heartsease.

Hopes and Fears.

The Daisy Chain.

Dynevor Terrace.

Pillars of the House. 2 vols.

Clever Woman of the Family.

Lady Hester andthe Danvers Papers.

Unknown to History.

Stray Pearls.

The Armourer's Prentices.

The Young Stepmother.

The Trial.



My Young Alcides.

The Three Brides.

The Caged Lion.

Dove in the Eagle's Nest.

Love and Life.

The Chaplet of Pearls.

Magnum Bonum.

The Two Sides of the Shield.

Nuttie's Father.

Scenes and Characters.

Chantry House.

A Modern Telemachus.



Byewords : a Collection of Tales, New and Old. Crown 8vo. 6s.

The Prince and the Page. Illustrated. New Edition. Globe 8vo. 4s. 6d.

Little Lucy's Wonderful Globe. With Illustrations. Globe 8vo. 4s. 6d.

A Book of Golden Deeds. i8mo. 4s. 6d. Globe Readings Edition for Schools.

Globe 8vo. 2s. Cheap Edition, is. Illustrated. Crown 8vo. 6s.
The Story of the Christians and the Moors in Spain. i8mo. 4s. 6d.
P's and Q's ; or, The Question of Putting Upon. With Illustrations. Globe 8vo. 4s. 6d.
The Lances of Lynwood. With Illustrations. Globe 8vo. 4s. 6d.
The Little Duke. New Edition. Globe 8vo. 4s. 6d.
A Storehouse of Stories. Edited by C. M. Yonge. 2 vols, each -zs. 6d.
A Book of Worthies Gathered from the Old Histories and written Anew. 18010.45.6^.
Cameos from English History. Vol. I. From Rollo to Edward II. Extra fcp.

8vo. 5s. — Vol. II. The Wars in France. 5s. — Vol. III. The Wars of the Roses.

5s. — Vol. IV. Reformation Times. 55. — Vol. V. England and Spain. $s. — Vol.

VI. Forty Years of Stuart Rule, 1603-1643. 55.
A Parallel History of France and England, consisting of Outlines and Dates.

Oblong 4to. 35. 6d.
Scripture Readings for Schools and Families. Five Series. Crown 8vo. is. 6d.

each ; with Comments, 4s. 6d. each. I. Genesis to Deuteronomy. — II. Joshua

to Solomon. — III. Kings and Prophets. — IV. The Gospel Times. — V. Apostolic

Times.
History of Christian Names. New Edition. Crown 8vo. js. 6d.
The Life of John Coleridge Patteson, Missionary Bishop. 2 vols, crown 8vo. 12s.
The Pupils of St. John. Illustrated. Crown 8vo. 6s.

Pioneers and Founders ; or, Recent Workers in the Mission Field. Crown 8vo. 6s.
The Herb of the Field: Reprinted from "Chapters on Flowers" in The Magazine

for the Young. A New Edition, Revised. Crown 8vo. 5s.

THE GIFT-BOOK OF THE YEAR. With nearly 400 Pictures.

The Globe says : — " The illustrations in this magazine continue to be the most artistic

published in any English miscellany."

^Ijc ^rtglisl) BUuzttaUb ^Tagajine, 1887.

A Handsome Volume, consisting of over 800 closely-printed pages, and containing nearly
400 Woodcut Illustrations of various sizes, bound in extra cloth, coloured edges, price 8s.

A MAGAZINE FOR EVERY HOUSEHOLD.

The Guardian says:— "The English Illustrated Magazine is full of good
matter in the way both of writing and drawing. . . . It is a capital magazine for all
tables and all times."

f^c {SncjHsI) %iU\ztvateb Waqa^inc

(PROFUSELY ILLUSTRATED).

Published Monthly. Single Numbers, price 6d. ; by post, 8d. Yearly Subscription,

including Double Number, post-free, 8s.

The English Illustrated Magazine is designed for the entertainment of the

home, and for the instruction and amusement of young and old, and it is conducted in

the belief that every section of its readers, in whatever direction their tastes and interests

may tend, are prepared to demand and to appreciate the best that can be offered to them.

MACMILLAN & CO., London.



WHAT BOOKS TO LEND



AND



WHAT TO GIVE



BY



CHARLOTTE M. YONGE

AUTHOR OF
THE HEIR OF REDCLYFFE' ' CAMEOS FROM ENGLISH HISTORY' ETC.




LONDON

National Society's Depository

SANCTUARY, WESTMINSTER



{All rights reservedl



g/003

M6S



Ace. #<?#6-Z£



PRINTED BY

SPOTTISWOODE AND CO., NEW-STREET SQUARE

LONDON



CONTENTS.



INTRODUCTION .

LITTLE ONES .

JUNIOR CLASSES .

SENIOR CLASSES

BOYS ....

DRAWING-ROOM STORIES

ON THE CATECHISM

ON CONFIRMATION .

ON THE PRAYER-BOOK .

BOOKS BEARING ON HOLY SCRIPTURE

ALLEGORIES AND ALLEGORICAL TALES

HISTORICAL TALES .

MYTHOLOGY

NOVELETTES AND NOVELS .

FAIRY TALES

MOTHERS' MEETINGS

FOR MISSIONARY WORKING-PARTIES



PAGE

5
16

19

22
29

35
41
43
44
46

51

55
68

70

75
77
S5



4



CONTENTS



IMPROVING BOOKS .
HISTORY .
BIOGRAPHY .
CHURCH HISTORY
NATURAL HISTORY .
SCIENCE AND INVENTION
RELIGIOUS BOOKS
MAGAZINES
PENNY READINGS



88

93
9 6

99
101
104
106
108
in



INDEX



117





WHAT BOOKS TO LEND

AND

WHAT TO GIVE.

INTRODUCTION.

Wholesome and amusing literature has become almost a
necessity among the appliances of parish work. The power
of reading leads, in most cases, to the craving for books.
If good be not provided, evil will be only too easily found,
and it is absolutely necessary to raise the taste so as to lead
to a voluntary avoidance of the profane and disgusting.

Books of a superior class are the only means of such
cultivation. It has been found that where really able and
interesting literature is to be had, there is much less dis-
position to prey upon garbage. And the school lessons
on English have this effect, that they make book-language
comprehensible far more widely than has hitherto been the
case.

A library is an almost indispensable adjunct to a school,
if the children are to be lured to stay at home instead of
playing questionable games in the dark, or by gaslight, out
of doors; and an amusing story is the best chance of their not



6 BOOKS TO LEND AND GIVE

exasperating the weary father with noise. If the boy is not
to betake himself to ,' Jack Sheppard ' literature, he must be
beguiled by wholesome adventure. If the girl is not to
study the 'penny dreadful,' her notions must be refined by
the tale of high romance or pure pathos.

The children at school are often eager readers, especially
if they have sensible parents who forbid roaming about in
the evening. There ought always to be a school library
unless the children are provided for in the general parish
library ; but even this requires careful selection. Weak,
dull, or unnatural books may be absolutely harmful when
falling into rude or scornful hands. For instance, a country
lad should not have a book where a farmer gives a prize for
climbing an elm-tree to take a blackbird's nest, such a pro-
ceeding being equally against the nature of farmers, black-
birds, and elms. Seafaring lads should not have incorrectly
worded accounts of wrecks ; and where more serious matters
come in, there should be still greater care to be strong, true,
and real. Boys especially should not have childish tales with
weak morality or 'washy 'piety ; but should have heroism and
nobleness kept before their eyes ; and learn to despise all
that is untruthful or cowardly and to respect womanhood.
True manhood needs, above all earthly qualities, to be im-
pressed on them, and books of example (not precept) with
heroes, whose sentiments they admire, may always raise their
tone, sometimes individually, sometimes collectively.

Men, however, must have manly books. Real solid
literature alone will arrest their attention. They grudge
the trouble of reading what they do not accept as truth,
unless it is some book whose fame has reached their ears,
and to have read which they regard as an achievement.

Where grown men are subscribers to a library, it should
have standard works of well-known reputation.

Travels, biographies, not too long, poetry, histories of
contemporaneous events, and fiction of the kind that may
be called classical, should be the staple for them. It is



INTRODUCTION 7

hardly advisable to attempt to give a list for them. Their
books belong to general literature, with which I do not wish
to meddle, and besides, reading men mostly inhabit towns
where there are generally Institutes from which they can obtain
books. In the country, when the clever cobbler or gardener
soars above the village library, he will generally have a decided
notion of what he wants, and will respect a special loan
from our own shelves. He may take to some line in
natural science, or have some personal cause for interest in
a colony; but in general, the labourer would rather smoke than
read in his hours of rest, and even when laid aside in a
hospital, newspaper scraps pasted into a book are often
more welcome to him than more continuous subjects.
Above all, he resents being written down to or laughed at ;
and calling him Hodge and Chawbacon is the sure way to
alienate him.

Books with strong imitations of dialect are to be avoided.
They are almost unintelligible to those who know the look
of a word in its right spelling, though they might miscall
it, and do not recognise it when phonetically travestied to
imitated local dialect, as for instance by ah for /. More-
over, they feel it a caricature of their language, and are very
reasonably insulted. They do not appreciate simplicity, but
are in the stage of civilisation when long words are rather
preferred, partly as a compliment, partly as a new language.
Complicated phrases are often too much for them, but poly-
syllables need not be avoided, if such are really needed to
express an idea, and will do it better than any shorter word.

Though men either read with strong appetites or not at
all, their wives, in these days of education, generally love
fiction. They do not want to be improved, but they like to
lose their cares for a little while in some tale that excites
either tears or laughter. It is all very well to say that they
ought to have no time for reading. An industrious thrifty
woman has little or none, but the cottager's wife who does
as little needlework, washing, or tidying as possible, has a



8 BOOKS TO LEND AND GIVE

good many hours to spend in gossip or in reading. She
may get cheap sensational novels, and the effects on a weak
and narrow mind are often very serious. The only thing to
be done is to take care that she has access to a full supply
of what can do her no harm, and may by reiteration do her
good, though the links between book and action are in many
cases never joined. Sometimes they are not connected at
all, sometimes a strong impression is unexpectedly made.
But this class of women must have incident, pathos, and
sentiment to attract them. The old-fashioned book where
Betty rebukes Polly in set language for wearing a red cloak
instead of a grey one, and eating new bread instead of old,
will meet with no attention. But if the moral of the tale
be sound, and the tone of the characters who bespeak
sympathy, high, pure, and good, the standard of the reader,
however frivolous, must be insensibly raised. At any rate,
by withholding books because the cottage woman ought to
be too busy to want them, we do not render her more
industrious, but we leave her exposed to catering for herself
in undesirable regions.

There remain the thrifty, sensible, good women who, if
they read at all, do so in their Sunday leisure, and like a
serious book. Neither variety of woman likes a book mani-
festly for children lent to themselves, though they do enjoy
anything about a baby from the maternal point of view.

There are such different degrees of intelligence and
civilisation among the women who frequent mothers' meet-
ings that it is difficult to make suggestions applying to all.
Some of these meetings are attended so irregularly that it is
not possible to read anything continuous, whereas in others
a sustained interest promotes regularity. A little religious
instruction or exhortation, a little domestic or sanitary instruc-
tion, and a lively or pathetic narrative seem to answer best, and
I have endeavoured to collect the titles of books useful in
this respect. The two first, however, are best given extem-
pore if a clergyman will come for the first, and a lady who



INTRODUCTION 9

has attended ambulance classes can be secured for the
second.

The lad or young man species comes next. There are
a few of these with a thirst for information, and it is impor-
tant to supply this in a sound and wholesome form. Some
like poetry, but the general run can only be induced to read
at all by adventurous or humorous tales.

Those who act as Sunday school teachers may, however,
be led to study books bearing on the subjects they have to
teach, or to get up for certificates, and thus may be brought
to take an interest in religious literature, which may deepen
as they grow older.

There is always, too, a certain proportion who have a
strong turn for fact, and like to have solid truth before
them. Of course all these can read the same books as the
elder men, and even more difficult ones, as their education
has gone farther ; but they need more that is light, easy, and
inviting, and a lending-library or reading-room requires a
supply fitted for both.

It is a pity there is not more good biography suited for
this purpose. The popularity of Miss Marsh's 'Hedley
Vicars ' showed what a book written without too much detail
and with general interest might be. Some of Smiles's
biographies come near the mark, also some American ones,
and those shilling books of Cassell's called 'The World's
Workers,' also some published by Nelson and by Blackie.

Good books of travels, too, are increasing favourites ;
also such books as ' Her Majesty's Mail,' and ' Engine-
Driving Life.' In fact, whatever wholesomely interests our
own households may well be sent into the club-room,
provided it do not presuppose too much culture. Many of
these books may be bought second-hand at a cheap rate from
the Libraries. And there should be a good stock of standard
fiction: Scott, Dickens, Fenimore Cooper, are all to be had
at almost any price, and would pretty well supply in them-
selves the requirements of reading-room fiction.



IO BOOKS TO LEND AND GIVE

The corresponding class of girls and young women are
for the most part indiscriminate devourers of fiction, and,
like the women before mentioned, need to have their
appetite rightly directed. But there is more hope of them
than of their elders, and their ideal is capable of being
raised by high-minded tales, which may refine their notions.
The semi-religious novel or novelette is to them moral-
ising put into action, and the most likely way of reaching
them.

We must not be too hasty to condemn their frivolous
tastes. Whether in business or in service, they are tired,
the book is recreation, and they cannot be expected to want
to improve themselves when their brains and bodies are
alike weary. Still we can supply them with books that will
not give them false views of life, and that will foster
enthusiasm for courage and truth, make vulgarity disgusting,
and show religion as the only true spring of life. Through
classes for Sunday teachers, and Communicants' or Bible
classes, some spirit of religious study may be infused.

As to secular self-improvement, the students will always
be few and far between, and the experience of most libraries
is that there is little or no demand for improving books. So
much is taught that there is little inclination to learn. A
reaction sometimes comes to men, but seldom to women,
whose home industries and occupations necessarily absorb
them so that their reading must be either devotional
or recreative.

Thus there is very little call for improving books in the
lending library, in proportion to those meant for recrea-
tion ; but I would urge that they should be used for prizes.
At present, the usual habit is to choose gay outsides and
pretty pictures, with little heed to the contents, but it should
be remembered that the lent book is ephemeral, read in a
week and passed on, while the prize remains, is exhibited
to relatives and friends, is read over and over, becomes a
resource in illness, and forms part of the possessions to be



INTRODUCTION I I

handed on to the next generation. Therefore, after the
infant period, the reward book should generally be of some
worthiness, either religious, improving, or at least standard
fiction. Weakness and poverty of thought should be avoided,
especially as these books may fall into the hands of clever,
ungodly men, and serve to excite their mockery. It should
be remembered that the child to whom the book is given
will not always remain a child, and therefore that it is better
to let the new and cherished possession go beyond its present
level of taste or capacity.

The elder lad, whose schooldays are over, sometimes
begins to waken to intelligence, and to be ready to seek infor-
mation, in some cases being glad of really deep reading on
scientific, political, or theological subjects, and it is all-im-
portant to preoccupy his mind with sound views before he
meets with specious trash. Many indeed both of lads and
men are absorbed in actual practical life and never read at
all, or nothing but newspapers. Yet even these when laid
low by illness will accept a book to pass away the weary
hours.

Nothing, of course, can equal the effect of personal in-
fluence, from schoolmaster, clergyman, or lady, but each
of these may find books, lent, recommended, or read aloud,
of great assistance.

Some books of advice deprecate reading aloud in Sun-
day schools. My own experience, now of many years, is
that it is of great assistance in impressing the scholars, and
gives great pleasure. I have been told of my old pupils
mentioning it as one of the enjoyments of their younger
days ; and when a part of a story has been missed by
absence, the connection is eagerly supplied by the listeners
who have been present. Moreover, those books in the
lending library are always most sought after which have
been read aloud, and sometimes elucidated, either at the
Sunday school or at the mothers' meeting.

But books for this purpose must be carefully selected,



12 BOOKS TO LEND AND GIVE

with a view to the capacities and tastes of the listeners, and
be read really well and dramatically, watching the eyes of
the hearers — a rapid or monotonous utterance is almost
useless, and inattention leads to bad habits.

There is no reason against giving tales about persons in
different stations of life from that of those who receive them,
and in fact they are often preferred ; but it is as well to avoid
those that deal with temptations or enjoyments out of reach of
the school-child ; or which dwell on beauty, finery, dainties,
or any variety of pomps or vanities as delights of wealth or
rank. The enjoyment that authors have in describing a lovely,
beautifully-dressed child in a charming attitude should be
sacrificed in writing for children of any rank, unless they
are to learn vanity and affectation, or else be set to covet
such pleasures.

It is curious to find how many stories have become
obsolete. Not only have the tales where vanity is displayed
by wearing white stockings and

A bonnet cocked up to display to the view
Long ringlets of curls and a great bow of blue,

become archaic ; but the stories of the good children
who are household supports and little nurses, picking up
chance crumbs of instruction, have lost all present reality
such as the younger and less clever children require.

Elder ones, if they have any imagination, prefer what
does not run in the grooves of their daily life, and some are
much more willing to listen to, or to read, what is not too
obviously written for them. A book labelled ' A tale for — '
is apt to carry a note of warning to the perverse spirits of
those to whom it is addressed.

Historical tales and those of other lands require a certain
degree of cultivation and imagination, to be appreciated.
To some, even the best are distasteful, to others they supply
the element of romance. Those that have a charm about
them of character and adventure, fitting them for almost all



INTRODUCTION 1 3

readers, have been put into the groups intended for the age
they suit, as well as into their places as illustrations of
history.

I endeavour to give here a classified list that may be an
assistance in the choice of books. It is not an advertise-
ment. Most of the books I have personally proved. No
doubt many readers will be disappointed at omissions, but
it is quite impossible to answer for all the books in existence,
and my object here is to suggest the fittest for the purposes
of lending, reading aloud, or giving. It is no condemnation
of a work that its name does not appear in this list — only
it has either not become known to me, or has not appeared
to me so eminently desirable as the others.

The lists of books in the present work have been drawn
up in different gradations, a great number of them having
been actually proved by reading aloud. There are many
very fairly suitable for lending, not equally good for read-
ing aloud, as lengthiness, description, and over-moralising,
hang on hand with a mixed class ; and, in other cases,
the reader seems to be inculcating with authority all that
is uttered, and thus gives a sense of preaching instead of
amusing.

The tales that have any dissenting bias, or which appear
to involve false doctrine, are of course omitted, though all
those here mentioned do not belong to the same school of
thought within the Church.

The classified list then includes books for : —

Little Ones. — Fit to be read or given to children from
four to eight.

Junior Classes. — Children from seven or eight to ten or
eleven.

Senior Classes. — From ten upwards.

Boys. — The books may be read by girls also, but most
boys will not read girls' books, therefore their literature is
put separately.

Dratving Room Stories. — The best are mentioned here,



H



BOOKS TO LEND AND GIVE



but all, though excellent, are, on experience, out of the ken
of the school child.



Mission Working Parties.

Descriptions of Countries.

Adventures.

Biography.

History.

Church History.

Natural History and

Popular Science,
Religious Books.
Magazines.
Penny Readings.



On the Catechism.

On Confirmation.

On ike Prayer Book.

On the Bible.

Allegories.

Stories on Church History.

„ English History.

„ General History.
Mythological Tales.
Novelettes.
Fairy Tales.
Mothers' Meetings.

It should be clearly understood that nobody is urged to
have anything like all the books here mentioned, but that
the object is to answer the oft-recurring question — Where
shall I find a book suited for such and such a purpose?

I have added a few suggestions of extracts for penny
readings, but it is not easy to collect enough that do not
verge on buffoonery, or that have no element of vulgarity ;
and indeed there is so much variation of tastes according
to the tone and training of the audience, that it is hardly
possible to tell what will be suited for hearers of each degree
of culture. Some delight in pathos or adventure, and
others will do nothing but laugh, and become noisy at any-
thing that is not highly comic. Such books for the purpose
as I have seen, between difficulty about copyright and desire
of novelty and drollery, do not avoid vulgarity. N.B. — It
is advisable to inspect thoroughly everything offered by
volunteers for reading, recitation, or singing.

It has, however, been thought better not to enter upon
the tracts and sermons, such as a parish priest or district
visitor would give for private use or specific purpose, as they
are devotional, and scarcely to be spread broad-cast by the



INTRODUCTION



15



Library. Every librarian must cater for his own clients
according to their tastes and needs. No doubt much is
here left out that will be found useful in some places, but
the attempt has been made to offer suggestions, and to
collect, from various quarters, names that may serve to assist
in the selection of books for the various needs of a parish.




LITTLE ONES.

The books in the following list are what have been read to
children from five or six to eight years old and proved to be
interesting to them. Their eyes and attention soon show
whether the book is liked. And, though it may hardly be
believed, it is more difficult to write a story suited to them
than to any other class, since it must be perfectly easy and


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