Chicago Beers (J.H.) & Co..

Commemorative biographical record of New Haven county, Connecticut, containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and of many of the early settled families .. (Volume 1, pt.3) online

. (page 71 of 94)
Online LibraryChicago Beers (J.H.) & Co.Commemorative biographical record of New Haven county, Connecticut, containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and of many of the early settled families .. (Volume 1, pt.3) → online text (page 71 of 94)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

cation was given him, and he remained with his
mother as long as she lived, and after her death,
continued in the operation of the farm, which had
passed into his pnssessirm. It contain? one hun-
dred acres, twenty-five acre; being in the town of
Meriden. Here he carries on dairy farming, stock

raising and fruit culture, raid is known as one of
the most successful farmers in all this region.

On Nov. 19, 1885, Mr. Francis was married to
Miss Emily J. Andrev.'s. born in Cheshire, Conn., a
daughter of Horace and Esther R. (Johnson) An-
drews, both of whom have entered into rest. Mrs.
Andrews was the daughter of the Rev. Ransom
Johnson. j\Ir. and Mrs. George B. Francis have
had lour children, whose names and dates of birth
are as follows: Howard A., March 23, 1887; Will-
iam L., IMarch 15, 1890, died !May 20, 1890; Clay-
ton H., July 23, 1891 ; and Joseph B., July 11, 1893.

Mr. Francis is liberal in his church views, and
is a stanch advocate of temperance. In politics he
is a Democrat, but has never been a candidate for
official honors. In religion Mrs. Francis is a mem-
ber of the Advent Church. Both our subject and
his wife are intelligent and cultured people, widely
read, and thoroughly posted on all the great ques-
tion; of the day. He is a hard-working and honest
man, of whom the community speaks well.

C. WATSON BALDWIN. This well known
citizen of Milford was born in that town April 9,
1840, and is a descendant of pioneer stock, his an-
cestors having been early settlers at Hadley, ]Mass.,
and later at Milford. Joseph Baldwin, of whom
further account is given elsewhere in this volume,
was born in Milford in 1640, and from his large
family of children numerous lines of descendants
are now traced.

Hezekiah Baldwin, our subject's grandfather,
was a native of Milford, and followed farming
there throughrut his life.

Charles J. Baldwin, son of Hezekiah, was born
in ]\Iilford Sept. 30, 1812, and engaged in agri-
culture there. In religious faith he was a Congre-
gationalist. He was a leading Democrat of the
localitv and was elected to various offices of the
town. He married Eunice Baldwin, a native of
Milford, and a daughter of Elnathan Baldwin, her
descent being traced to Joseph, the pioneer. Her
death occurred Feb. 25, 1876. at the age of sixty-
one years ana nine months. Our subject was the
first in a family of four children, the others being:
William H., who died aged seven years ; Henry
E., a farmer at the old homestead; and George E.,
now in the employ of the N. Y., N. H. & H. R.
R. Company.

During boyhood C. Watson Baldwin attended
public and private schools in his native town. As
a young man he engaged in farming, but in 1880
he entered the employ of the N. Y., N. H. & H.
R. R. Co., with whom he has continued. In politics
he is a Republican, but he was formerly prominent
as a Democrat, and was elected on that ticket to
diiiferent offices including those of assessor, mem-
ber of the board of relief, and member of the board
of education, in which he served twelve years.

On Jan. i, i86r, Mr. Eialdwin married Miss
Mary A. Clute, of Bridgeport, who was born in


1 07 1

Schcnectaily, X. Y., the daughter of Frederick ami
Helen Cliite. Her parents were both natives of
Schenectady, hut in later years resided in Bridge-
port. She died -Vug. 21, 1889. leaving one daugh-
ter, Helen \\'., born Feb. 22. 1863, who was mar-
ried to William H. Hubbard, of Greenwich, and
has one daughter. Flazel \\'.. born Sept. 28. 18S5.
.Socially the IJaldwin family is prominent, and Mr.
Baldwin is a member of the Masonic fraternity,
being identified with Ansantawae Lodge, No. 89.
Both he and his wife were members of the Congre-
gational Church, in which he continues to take an
active interest.

ANTOXIO LAZZARI, a prominent Italian
citizen of Bran ford, whose home is in Stony Creek,
was born in Milan, Italy. March i, 1852, son of
Francisco and Caroline ( Alacke ) Lazzari. His pa-
ternal grandfather was Joseph Lazzari, and his ma-
ternal grandfather was George Macke.

Antonio Lazzari was reared to manhood in
^lilan and vicinity, where he received a common-
school education. When he became a young man
he began for himself by serving an apprenticeship
of three years at watchmakina:. and tnis was his
occupation for seven years after he had learned
the trade. The first year he received twenty cents
a day ; the second and third years his income had
increased to sixty cents per day : and during
the last four year;, he worked at the trade in
his native land he earned a daily stipend of
one dollar and twenty-five cents a day. In 1880
Mr. Lazzari came to America, landing at Castle
Garden Jan. 28th. and going at once to Bav
View, Mass.. where he worked at his trade and in
a quarry, during the season, for two years. ]\Ir.
Lazzari made his first impwrtant business venture
after this, opening a jewelry, candy and cigar store
in Boston. There he remained three years, and
then removed to Braggville, Mass., where he had
charge -of a boarding house five years for the stohe-
([uarry firm of Xorcross Brothers. In 1890 Mr.
Lazzari was employed by the same firm at Stony
Creek, where he has had a boarding house and
has served as watchman for their plant.

Mr. Lazzari was married, in 1877, to Caroline,
daughter of John and Antoinette ( Coloinba) Am-
brosoli, of ^lilan, Italy. This union has been
blessed with twelve children, five of whom are now
living: Amelia V., who is now Mrs. Alexander
Banca; Lena A.; Annie K. ; Delena A.; and
X'ictor A.

Mr. Lazzari has been successful in his line, and
has accumulated a very handsome competency. He
and all his ■ family are members of the Catholic
Church. Fraternally he is an Odd Fellow. In
politics he is a Republican, and he has served as
constable of Branford seven years. His careei^ is
interesting, as showing what has been demonstrated
over and over again, tlie possibilities of this coun-
try for the bright and capable ones who, shut out

from honor and fame by old world conditions, sec
here a chance to accomplish something substantial
for themselves and their children.

WILLIAM H. MORRIS, a prominent resident
of Ansonia, was born May 25, 1840, in County
Dublin, Ireland, a son of William and Mary A.
(Blackburn) Morris.

The family is of English origin, and William
]\Iorris, our subject's grandfather, was born in
Lngland. but made his permanent home in Ire-
land! The great-grandfather, who was also named
William, was a man of means and a lifelong resi-
dent of England. William H. Morris, our sub-
ject's father, was born in Ireland, and remained at
the old home until he reached the age of nineteen
years. During the Revolution of 1798 he was cap-
tured and' compelled to serve twenty-one years in
the English navy, but his health broke down and
he was discharged. Later he was a captain in the
coast guard service, and his death occurred in
County Dublin, at the age of sixty-six. His wife, who-
was also a native of Ireland, died aged thirtv-six.
Both were devout members of the Catholic Church,
in which their children were reared. Of their large
family, six are still living, as follows : Michael ;
Isabella, widow of Stephen Murphy, of Seymour;
Eliza, who married Christopher Kelley, of Ansonia ;
Peressa, of Atlanta, Ga. ; Rebecca ; and William
H., of this sketch.

William H. }iIorris was but eight years old
when he came to America, and after a short stay
in New York the family resided for a time in New
Haven, Seymour and Woodbridge, but later re-
turned to Seymour. During the four years at
Woodbridge Mr. ^lorris attended the public
schools, but after his return to Sevmour he found
work in the auger shop and a few years later, in
1861, he went to Hartford, where he spent three
years in the Colt revolver factory. The next two
years were spent in the armory at Yonkers, N. Y.,
and for six months he was employed in the Win-
chester armory at Bridgeport. For four years he
was with Sargents, of New Haven, but in 1869 he
located in Ansonia^ being first employed as a piper
by Wallace & Sons. On leaving them in 1880, he
engaged in the grocery business, so continuing un-
til April, 1885, when he sold out to George Mc-
Cabe, and retired from business. In January, 1896,
he again entered business life, opening a gents' fur-
nishing store at 23 High street, and in addition to
a large and well selected stock of goods in that line,
he carries a stock of fancy goods. His .career has
been successful, and he owns a block of real estate,
a large amusement hall, three residences, a grocery
store next door, and the store in which he is at
present located.

In 1863 r^Ir. r^Iorris married Miss Jane Ma-
loney, a native of Ireland. Socially he and his
wife are much esteemed, and he is a member uf
Ansonia Lodge, No. 24, Knights of Pythias, in




which he has frequently served as an official; he
was, also, a charter member of the Lodge of Elks
located in Derby, Conn. On questions relating to
religion he takes a liberal view ; and while he in-
clines to the Democratic party in politics, he votes
independently on occasion. At times he has taken
an active interest in military affairs, and for tive
years he was private in Companx' C, 2nd Regiment
Conn. National Guards.

ELIJAH JAMES HOUGH was bom in Wall-
ingford, New Haven county. July J8. 1829, a son of
James and Mary Tyler (Ricej Hough.

James Hough was born in 1799, and died April
25, 1855. He was married March 17, 1823, to
Mary Tyler Rice, who was born in Wallingford in
1799, daughter of Xehemiah Rice, a lifelong farm-
er, who occupi'ed a part of the farm where our
subject now lives. 'Sir. Hough was a ^\'hig and
in his later days a Republican. A member of the
Congregational Church, he was nuich devoted to the
Society, and earnestly interested in its welfare. To
James Hough and his wife came the following chil-
dren: Ellen, born Feb. i, 1825, married Ellison
Smith, a farmer of Northford, Conn. ; Mary R.,
born March 28, 1827, died May 17, 1831 ; Elijah
James was born July 28, 1829; Mary E., born March
13, 1832, married \\'alstein Smith, of North Haven
(their daughter, Airs. Charles E. Ewing, was sup-
posed to have been one of the victims of the uprising
in China in 1900, but has since returned j ; Sarah E.,
born Xov. 21, 1834, niarried the late Philander ^^^
Hall, of Wallingford ; Xehemiah R., born Jan. 24,
1837, died June 4, 1865, at Vicksburg, Miss., from
disease contracted in the army ; Henry T., born
April 28, 1841, died June 25, 1865, at Xewbern, X'.
Q:, where he was serving as a member of the 15th
Conn. \. I.

Elijah James Hough received his early educa-
tion under the teachers of the public schools of his
native community, supplementmg their instruction
with a year at the Wallingford Academy. Leaving
school, he found employment in the factory of
Charles Parker, where he remained about three
years. At the death of his father he returned to the
farm and assumed its management. He now has
175 acres of good land, in a high state of cultivation.
Mr. Hough is devoted to his work, and takes pride
in the evidences of the touch of a practiced hand
which every acre of his presents. At the present
time he has fine peach orchards growing, covering
thirty-five acres, and containing 4,375 trees in fruit-
bearing condition. His peaches are largely sold
in Springfield and Boston, and the business is prov-
ing very remunerative.

Mr. Hough has served on the board of selectmen,
to which he was first elected in 1887, and for five
years has been a member of the board of relief. He
is one of the best-known and most enterpri.^ing far-
mers in Xew Haven county, and is most highly re-
spected in the community. An enligiitencd and pa-

triotic citizen, he is a Democrat, because he is sure
that the best interests of the country lie in the old
path wherein Jefferson and Jackson walked. Mr.
Hough is connected with the Uaptist Church, and is
one of its most generous supporters. Interested
in school matters, he has willingly served as a mem-
ber of the school board for several terms. He is
a charter member of the Wallingford Grange, and
one of its most faithful workers, for about ten years
serving as treasurer, but he declined a re-election in

On Oct. 4, 1856, :Mr. Hough married Miss Ruth
Blakeslee, who was born Oct. 31, 1836, daughter of
Silas and Esther (Buel) Blakeslee, of Wallingford.
To this union have been born the following children :
(I) Jennie Blakeslee, born Jan. 15, 1864, married
George D. Hall, a farmer of" W^allingford. in 1885,
and is the mother of Lewis Cook, bom March 27,
1888; Almon Blakeslee, born Xov. 27, 1891 ; and
Mabel Hough, born Aiarch 7, 1898. (2) Hattie
Blakeslee, born Oct. 22, 1868. married James Xor-
ris Barnes, of Wallingford, Jan. 16, 1889, and is the
mother of four children — Norman Hough, born
Nov. 18, 1891 : James Penniwell, born Dec. 6, 1893 :
Blakeslee Hough, born July 14, 1895; and Russell
Elijah Hough, born Jan. 18, 1901. (3) George
Ehjah, born Oct. 3, 1873, is interested in the farm
with his father. He married Xov. i, 1894, 2kliss
Jennie Day Paddock, who was born Nov. i, 1873,
at Wallingford, daughter of Joel H. and Delphine
(Hall) Paddock. They have one child, Ruth Delia,
born Alarch 12, 1897.

Silas Blakeslee, father of ^Irs. Hough, was bom
in Wallingford Sept. 13, 1808, son of John Webb
and Ruth (Ives) Blakeslee. On Jan. 17, 1832, he .
married Esther Buel, who was born Xov. 20, 1808.
daughter of Robert and Betsey (Peck) Buel. They
made their home on the old Blakeslee homestead in
Wallingford, and there they both died, he on June
6, 1893. and his wife on April 17, 1889. Their re-
mains were interred in 'Tn Memoriam" cemetery.
Children, as follows, came to them: (i) Lois, born
Jan. 24, 1833, married Oct. 14, i860, Seth J. Hall.
who was born Sept. 4, 1829, in Aliddletown, \yest-
field Society, a son of Sylvester and Rosetta (John-
son) Hall; they removed to Meriden, Conn., in Jan-
uary. 1861. On Dec. 21, 1851, Lois Blakeslee ( now
Mrs. Hall) was baptized by Rev. Charles Keyser,
and united with the Baptist Church in Wallingford.
(2) Ruth is Mrs. Elijah James Hough. (3) John
Webb, born Oct. 22, 1840, married Oct. 22, 1861,
Emerett Atwater, of Cheshire, born Dec. 5, 1840.
They resided on the Blakeslee homestead until the
fall of 1900, when they removed to the borough of
Wallingford. (4) James Ellis, born Feb. 13, 1843,
died July 17, 1847.

CHARLES R. HOW^\RD (deceased) was for
1 many years one of Derby's leading merchants. He
; was a great-grandson of Josiah Howard, who was
j born in Ipswich, Alass., Jan. 3, 1758, and died in

—fl^rr^my'fr^^y^jr'r: »—

■ ^ - ■,... ■J^gaitii^'o.j



/7 .





A'liliLTst, X. il., Feb. 6, 183.^ He- married Mar)
Stanley, who was born \ov. J5, 1709, iu lieverlv,
Mass. Their son, Henry Howard, was born in
Amherst April 24, 1788, ana died there April 15.
1871. He was a farmer. In 1S09 he married
I'olly Odell, who was horn (Jet. 1.^. 1789. and sur-
vived her husbanil until Xov. 6, 1875. They were
the parents of twelve ehildren: George, Henr\-,
Mary, Herbert, Rodney, Mary Jane. Calvin. Abig-
ail, Maria, Susannah, Kdward and Edward S.

Rodney Howard, father of the late Charles R.
Howard, was also a farmer. He was born }.Iarch
20, 1817, in Amherst, and married Xancy Jane
Parker, a native of the same town, born there in
February, 1825. Her father and grandfather were
both named Isaac, and were members of an old
English family which settled in Massachusetts be-
fore the Revolutionary war. Her mother's maiden
name was Xancy Dowse. To Rodney Howard and
his wife were born two children, Charles R. and
Ada, the younger dying at the age of two years.
Both parents are yet living.

Charles R. Howard was educated at the Apple-
ton Academy, Mount Vernon, and the Xormal
School at Milford. X. H. After graduating from
the last named institution, in 1870, he entered a
dn. - goods store in Milford as clerk, and when he
was twenty-two years old embarked in the same
line of trade for himself, having formed a partner-
ship with a Mr. Gray under the firm name of Gray
& Howard. At the end of four years the firm dis-
posed of its business and dissolved, Mr. Howard
going West with the intention of engaging in busi-
ness in that section. Ill health, however, obliged
him to return to the East, and for some time he
was engaged in no active business. In 1884 he
settled at Birmingham, now called Derby, Conn.,
and with George E. Barber as a partner again be-
gan business as a drv'-goods merchant, the firm
being Howard & Barber. The business prospered
steadily, and the partnership continued until Mr.
Howard's death, which occurred June 17, 1898.
The premises occupied embraced two large stores,
and the establishment is the largest in its line in the

On Nov. 27, 1873, Mr. Howard married }iliss
Emma F. Wallingford. They had no children.
He was a Republican in politics, and fraternally
was a member of the I. O. O. F., having con-
nected himself with the lodge of that order in Mil-
ford. Religiously he united with the Congrega-
tional Church of Derby. ^Irs. Howard survives
him, living in a comfortable home on Elizabetli
street, in the city of Derby, whose appointments
speak of the ease and culture, as well as the native
refinement of the occupant. She is a daughter of
Rufus X. and Susan ( P'arlev ) Wallingford. who
had four children : Eliza Ann, who died when
three vears old; Charles R.. who is married, and
lives in Old Town, Maine; Enima F. (Mrs. tlow-
ard) ; Horace A., who married Josephine Coftrey,


and has two children, Howard and Mariam. The
father, who was a wholesale merehauL in Boston,
died Aug. 24, 1900.

CHARLES S. CHAPMAX was born in
Waterbury, Xew Haven county, Oct. 6, 1856, son
of George P. Chapman, who was born in Warwick,
R. I., Alarch 30, 1830, and died Xov. 4, 1900, at
his home in Bridge[X)rt, Conn. Sherman Chap-
man, the grandfather of Charles S., was a farmer
and a blacksmith at Tolland, Conn., where he
served the public as a justice of the peace for many
years. He was a son of Ezra Chapman, a farmer,
who ser\ed with ilistinction in the Revolutionary
war, and died in the service.

Sherman Chapman, grandfather of Charles S.^
married Miss Sarah Leonard, of Coventry, Conn.,,
and located in Rhoue Island. They reared a fam-
ily of three children, George P., Ezra L. and Sarah,
Ezra L. was a farmer in early life, and later became
a blacksmith. .Sarah is the widow of George A<
Morse, a ^Methodist minister.

George P. Chapman, father of Charles S., was
engaged as a blacksmith in Xew Haven and Water-
bury. In 1855 he married Jane E. Brown, who
died in 1885. She was born in Xew Milford, Pa.,
daughter of Charles M. Brown, a millwright, who
was a native of Connecticut. Mr. and Mrs. Chap-
man were the parents of three children ; Charles
S.. our subject; George -\L, an electrician at Water-
burv- ; and Frederick E., who also lives at Water-
bury. George P. Chapman was a Republican, and
was a conspicuous man in local matters. He was a
member of the school board two terms, a council-
man three years, and president of the board two
\ears. While he lived in Bridgeport he served
in the city council two terms, and is well remem-
bered in that city as a public spirited and pro-
gressive man.

Charles S. Chapman was six years of age when
his parents moved to Hartford. Conn., where his
father was employed in Sharp's armory. .\fter
living there some time they moved to Torrington,
Conn. Erie, Pa., was his home for a time, and he
last attended school at Troy, X'. Y. The parents
moved from Troy to Albany, and there Charles S.
entered a machine shop and worked a year or more.
In 1877 l^hey came to Waterbury, Charles S. ac-
companying them, and here he has resided to the
present time. He obtained the position of book-
Keeper in the office of the Carrington Manufactur-
ing Co., and for five years was with that firm, in
the spring of 1882 entering the service of the
Waterbury Watch Co., as bookkeeper ; he has risen
step by step in positions of honor and trust until
he is now cashier of that fainous institution.

Mr. Chapman and Zvliss Carrie E. Trowbridge
were married Oct. 24, 1884. ]Mrs. Chapman was-
born in Roxbury, Conn., daughter of William E.
'I'rowbridge, a native of that town ; her mother,
Xancy (Meramble), also came from Roxbury. To-

I i: ■•



Mr. and Mrs. Chapman liave boon born two chil-
dren, Howard E. and Marjorie H. Mr. Chap-
man lias always been a Republican, and has been
called to many responsible and honorable positions
in public life. In 18S5 he served as a member of
the Waterbury city council, and in 1892, 1893 and
1894 was a member of the center school district
finance committee. He is now a member of the
board of education for the city of Waterbury, and
takes an active part in the promotion of school mat-
ters. Socially he is a member of the Sons of the
American Revolution, of Townsend Lodge, Xo. 89,
I. O. O. F., and of Toantic Tribe, Xo. 22, I. O.
R. M. He is very actively identified with the
^lethodist Church, having been a member for many
years, and being one of the trustees at the present
time. For fifteen years previous to 1898 he was
.superintendent of the Sunday-school, and for
twelve years was treasurer of the Connecticut Sun-
day-school Association.

progressive farmer and popular resident of the
town of Guilford, was born there, on the Chitten-
den homestead, Jan. 5, 1858, son of Henry D.
Chittenden, and comes of a taniily long and tavor-
aoly known in that section.

Sergt. John Chittenden (son of William, one
of the first settlers of Guilford 1 was married Dec.
12, 1665, to Hannah Fletcher, daughter of John
Fletcher, of Milford, and died in Guilford in April,
1716, aged seventy-three years. Children: John,
born Oct. 17, 1666, married Sarah Clay: Elizabeth,
bom Jan. 26, 1670, married Thomas Cruttenden ;
Joseph, sketch .of whom follows: Gideon, born
Sept. 23, 1678, died in 1679; Abel, born [May 14,
1681, married Deborah Scranton ; Lydia, born
March 30, 1684, married \\'illiam Hall.
~ Joseph Chittenden, born March 26, 1672, died
in Guilford Sept. 11, 1727. In 1692 he married
Marv Kimberlv, who was born in April, 1671,
daughter of X'athaniel and Mary Kimberly, of Xew
Haven, and died Jan. 14, 1742. Children: De-
borah, born Jan. 28, 1693, married John Spinning;
Patience, born Jan. 19, 1696, married John Hub-
bard; Gideon, born Feb. 3, 1698, married Abigail
Bishop; Daniel, born ]\Iarch 15, 1700, married
Abigail Downs ; Joseph, sketch of whom follows ;
Thankful, born Jan. 27, 1704, married Thomas

Joseph Chittenden, born Jan. 25, 1702, died
April 7, 1794, and is buried in Guilford. He was
a cooper by trade. On X'ov. 14, 1726, he married
Patience Stone, born Xov. 12, 1703, daughter of
Benajah and Hannah ( De"\\'olt 1 Stone, of Guilford.
She died Xov. 6. 17117. and in April, 1770, he
married Ann Hall, born Xov. 13. 1724, daughter
of Ithamar and Judith (Seward) Hall. She died
Oct. 13, 17C11. and i> also huriril in Guilford.
Children, all b}' first marriage: Jn^cpli. born Xov.
4, 1727, married Sarah Xorton; Xathan, sketch of

whom follows; Lucy, born Oct. 18. 173''. married
^ilelzar Fowler: Ambrose, born Dec. 29, 1744,
■ married Zillali Plall.

Xathan Chittenden, born July 20, 1730, died
j June 6, 1819. On Sept. 23, 1756, he married Ruth
Xorton (daughter of John and ^lary (_ Morgan)
Xorton), born in December, 1736, died Aug. 12,
\ 1814. Children: Xathan, sketch of whom fol-
: lows; Billie, born July 8, 1760, was drowned Jan.
j 18, 1784; Joel, born Feb. 7, 176(3, died March 20,
I 1766; Ruth, born April 9, 1767, died March 26,
] 1775: HuUlali, born Feb. 24, 1773, died Jan. 6,

Xathan Chittenden, born Oct. 19, 1757, in Guil-
ford, died there Jan. 19, 1848, at the ripe age of
\ ninety years. His first wife, Sybil (Johnson), died
j July 25, 1821, and he subsequently married Lucy
'■ Hall Johnson, who was born June 20, 1772, and
died Oct. 23, 1851. Children, all by first marriage:
I Ruth, born in 1781, married Andrew Xorton; Jus-
I tus Johnson, sketch of whom follows ; Xancy, born
! Sept. 26, 1784, died Oct. 18, 1788; Amelia, born
! Feb. 22. 1787, died June 20, 1801 ; Xancy, born
] Feb. 27, 1789. died Sept. 9, 1810: Billie, born April
\ 2j, 1791, married Eunice Fowler.

Online LibraryChicago Beers (J.H.) & Co.Commemorative biographical record of New Haven county, Connecticut, containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and of many of the early settled families .. (Volume 1, pt.3) → online text (page 71 of 94)