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363.20977311
Ca32f



Chicago Police Dept . , "Facts
and Historical Data



1^4 )



iLUNOIS HISTORiCAi SURVEY



53.20977311
432f



CHICAGO POLICE DEPARTMENT

"FACTS"

AND

HISTORICAL DATA




RICHARD J. DALEY
MAYOR



TIMOTHY J. O'CONNOR
COMMISSIONER OF POLICE



FORWARD

This booklet has been compiled by
the Chicago Police Department for the
information of the press, libraries,
schools, civic organizations, public
officials, patrolmen recruits as well
as for the general information of all
members of the Department. This is a
book of present facts and historical
milestones, showing the progress of the
Chicago Police Department. Additional
copies can be obtained from the Records
and Communications Section, Room 60U
1121 South State Street, Chicago 5,
1 1 1 inois.



Recrcrit Qualifications and Promotions: I

Patrolmen Recruits:

All applicants are selected from an
eligible list published by the
Civil Service Commission as a re-
sult of competitive examinations.

Promotions to Sergeant, Lieutenant,
Captain:

On the basis of competitive Civil
Service Examinations.

Above the Rank of Captain:

On a merit basis at the discretion
of the Commissioner of Police.

Appointment to Detective Division:
Made on a merit basis at the
discretion of the Commissioner
of Pol ice.

Tours of Duty:

Three platoon system in general oper-
ation. Detective and Traffic Divi-
sions varied to meet crime and traffic
needs.

Uniforms and Personal Equipment:

Purchased by each member of the force.
, Initial outlay for equipment $350. GO.

} Star, shield, baton and call box keys

^ issued by Department. Inspection held

1 daily by Lieutenant and seasonal by

Uniform Division.



Pensions:

Eligible for pension at end of 25 years,
age 55. Automatic retirement at age 63.
On retirement, approximately half of
base salary is recieved, based on five
highest pay years. With 25 years and
age 55> \% is added until a maximum of
58^0 is reached at age 63. Members con-
tribute a percentage of basic salary to
Pension Fund. Contribution to Pension
Fund is also made by City. Service
connected disibility is under the direc-
tion of the Pension Board.

City Statistics:

City Area (Square Miles) 221.37

Business Mileage (Lineal Mileage) 8>^8.5
Res. Mileage (Lineal Mileage) 3,109.9
Street intersections 23,038



Population and Manpower by Year:



Year


Population


Manpower


1956 (est.)


4,000.000


**9,655


1950


3,620,962


7,694


1940


3,396,808


6,629


1930


3,376,438


6,719


1920


2,701,705


5,152


1897


1,698,000


3,551


1886


1,099,850


1,036


1878


503,185


403


1855


100,000


80


1840


4,470


4



^Includes civilian employees.
'*802 seasonal employees (Crossing Guards
and Engineers) included in |956 total.



Chart of Organization and Authority:

Commissioner of Police:

The Commissioner of Police is appointed
by the Mayor and is responsible for all
functions in the Department.

Aide to the Commissioner:

Reports directly to Commissioner. Is
in command and responsible for acti-
vities of special investigations and
police details assigned him by the
Commi ssioner.

Administrative Assistant:

Shall report directly to the Commis-
sioner and is responsible for the ad-
ministrative activities of the Com-
missioner's Office, including prepar-
ation and control of the budget and
the issuance of departmental orders.
Shall be the chief executive and in
complete command of all personnel
assigned to the office of the commis-
sioner and his staff. He shall not
exercise line command in the Depart-
ment; this authority is reserved for
the Commissioner of Police and to the
Deputy to the Commissioner for Field
Services.

Department Inspector:

Shall report directly to Commissioner
of Police. He shall be responsible
for the inspection, direction and co-
ordination of the activities of the
Department.

Publ ic Relations:

Deputy Commissioner for Field Forces:

Reports directly to Commissioner.
Is the chief executive of and in com-
mand of and responsible for the direc-
tion and coordination of the follow-
ing field services:



Uniform Division:

Labor Un i t
Six Divisions

Thirty-Eight Police Districts

Detective Division:
D-i |5th District
D-2 2i|th District
D-3 32nd District
Scientific Crime Detection Lab.
Bureau of Identification
Stolen Auto Section
Confidence, Picl<pocket, Store Sec.
Robbery Unit
Homicide Un it
Narcotic and Sex Unit
Correspondence Unit
Missing Persons Unit
Burglary Section

Pawn Shop Unit
Cartage Section

Bomb and Arson Uni t

Traffic Division:

Central Area Traffic

Admin. Bid. 320 N. Clark St.
South Area Traffic

I |th District Station

Southwest Area Traffic

|5th District Station
West Area Traffic

25th District Station
North-Northwest Area Traffic
39th District Station

Accident Investigation Bureau

Accident Investigation Unit

Hit and Run Unit
Enforcement Bureau

Solo Motorcycle Unit

Enforcement Car Unit

Vehicle Unit



p. & I. C. Bureau
Loop Parking Unit
Outlying Parking Unit
3-Whee1 Motorcycle Unit

Services Bureau
Records Uni t
Analysi s Un it
Educational Unit
Supply and Equipment Unit

Deputy Commissioner for Staff Services:

Reports directly to the Commissioner.
Is chief executive of and in command
of and responsible for the direction
and coordination of the following
Staff and Service Divisions:

Records and Communications Section:

Records

Commun i cations

Pol ice Custodian
Personnel Division:

Securi ty

Human Relations

Medical

Operations

Train ing

Personnel Records

Uni forms

Special Police
Services and Supply:

Budget Control

Bui 1 ding Maintenance

Motor Vehicles

Animal Shelter

Garages

Storeroom

Gasol ine and Oil
Crime Prevention Division:

Censor Unit
Adult Unit
Juveni 1e Uni t
Women's Units



Location of Police Personnel, Property and

Equipment:

Commissioner's Office (Rm. 501) City Hall
Police & Courts Building ||2I So. State St.
Traffic Division 320 N. Clark St.

Police Garage 7 E. | | th Street

Auto Pound 3000 So. California Avenue
Auto Pound 3W0 So. Ridgeway Avenue
Loop Auto Pound II W. Wacker Drive
Animal Shelter 3^00 So. Lawndale Avenue
Warehouse 3150 S. Sacramento Avenue
Police Ben. Assn. (Rm. |300) 1121 So. State
Chgo. Ptlmn. Assn. (Rm. |70i^) 203 N. Wabash

Police Divisions and Districts:

1st Division Headquarters

Hyde Park Station, 5233 Lake Park Avenue

District Location

j. Central ||2I So. State Street

2. Prairie 300 E. 29th Street

5. Wabash 4802 So. Wabash Avenue

6. Hyde Park 5233 Lake Park Avenue

7. Woodlawn 6344 Harper Avenue

2nd Division Headquarters
Burns ide Station, 9059 Cottage Grove Avenue

8. South Chicago 2938 East 89th Street

9. East Side 10120 Ewing Avenue

10. Grand Crossing 834 East 75th Street

11. Burns ide 9059 Cottage Grove Avenue

12- Kensington 200 East ||5th Street

13. Morgan Park 1830 West Monterey



3rd Division Headquarters

Chicago Lawn, 3515 West 63rd Street

m. Gresham 8501 South Green Street

15* Englewood 6100 South Racine Avenue

i6< Chicago Lawn 3515 West 63rd Street

17. New City |700 West i|7th Street

18. Stock Yards... 4736 South Halsted Street

19. Deering 3501 Lowe Avenue

20. Brighton Park.. 3900 So. California Ave.

Hth Division Headquarters
Marquette, 2259 South Damen Avenue

22- Maxwell 943 Maxwell Street

23. Marquette 2259 South Damen Avenue

24. Lawndale 2656 South Lawndale Avenue

25. Fillmore 4001 Fi 1 Imore Street

26. Monroe |00 South Racine Avenue

27. Warren 2433 Warren Avenue

28. Austin 5327 West Chicago Avenue

5th Division Headquarters
Shakespeare, 2138 North California Avenue

29. West Chicago. .. .731 North Racine Avenue

30. West North 2256 West North Avenue

31 . Cragin .....4905 West Grand Avenue

32. Shakespeare 2138 No. California Av.

33. Irving Park 5430 Gale Avenue

34. Albany Park 4461 North Pulaski Road

6th Division Headquarters
North Damen, 3801 North Damen Avenue

35. East Chicago. ... I 13 West Chicago Avenue

36. Hudson 1501 Hudson Avenue

37. Sheffield 2742 Sheffield Avenue

38. Town Hall 3600 North Halsted Street

39. North Damen 3801 North Damen Avenue

40* Summerdale 1940 Foster Avenue

4|. Rogers Park 7075 North Clark Street



Departmental Vehicle Equipment:

Sergeants Coupes (Districts) 38

Squad Cars (Districts) 121

Squad Cars (Detective Bureau) 75

Squad Cars (Traffic) 117

Squad Cars (Mobile Crime Lab.) 2

Panel Trucks (Mobile Crime Lab.) I

Squad Cars (Towing Section) 3

Squad Cars (Stolen Auto Section) 19

Squad Cars (Crime Prevention Div. ) 10

Squad Car (Sanitation) I

Squadrols 66

Pickup Patrols 8

Motorcycles (Solo) 100
Three Wheeled Motorcycles (District) 216

Three Wheeled Motorcycles (Traffic) |09

Animal Trucks (Animal Pound) 8

Radio Service Cars 8

Supply Trucks 3

Tow Truck I

Mail Cars 8

Light Trucks (For Emergencies) 2

Total Vehicles 916

8



Departmental Strength and Salary Scale:
Effective July |, |956.

1 Commissioner of Police $18,500

2 Deputy to Commissioner 11,850

1 Chief of Uniform Division 11,052

2 Dep. Chief Uniform Div. 9,324

1 Chief of Detectives 11,052

2 Dep. Chief of Detectives B,32^

1 Chief of Traffic | |,052

2 Dep. chief of Traffic 9,324
i| Supervisors of Police Divs. 8,304

51 Captains 7,284

155 Lieutenants 6,006

570 Sergeants 5,526

7,568 Patrolmen 4,562 to 5,045

I Director of Personnel 8,160

I Department Inspector 8,160

I Lieut of Policewomen 6,006

I Sergeant of Policewomen 5,526

73 Policewomen 4,562 to 5,045

39 Matrons 4,562 to 5,045

1 Chief Surgeon 7,404
10 Surgeons 4,562

2 Surgeons (Part Time) 2,209
I Poundmaster 5,700
I Asst. Poundmaster 5,328

15 Dogcatchers 4,562

8,506 Police Personnel
347 Civil i an s
*802 Crossing Guards and Engineers
9,655 Total Personnel

*Crossing Guards and Station
Engineers are Seasonal Employees.



THE CHICAGO POLICE DEPARTMENT

HISTORICAL RE7US



The years |855 to 1955 represent
"ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF PROGRESS" In the
Chicago Police Department. It was on
April 10, 1855, that the City Council,
by ordinance, established the Chicago
Police Department In Its present form.
This ordinance read in part

"Be it ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen
of the City of Chicago, In common Council
assembled:"

"Sec. |. That there be, and hereby Is
established a police department for the
city of Chicago, which shall consist of
the city marshall, one captain of police,
three or more lieutenants of police,
three more 2nd lieutenants of police,
three or more sergeants of pol Ice, police
constables, and policemen of the city,
who shall act, and be known as, police
officers for said city."

In reality, the pol icing of the area
that is now Chicago dates back to 1802'
At that time It was decided that Captain
John Whistler was to establish an army
outpost, known to us as Fort Dearborn.
By 1833, Chicago was incorporated as a
town and the first published map showed
the population as 1,800- On March 3,
1837, Chicago became a city, comprised of
four wards and affording it protection
were two constables known as the "City
Watch". The first elected city mayor was
Will iam B. Ogden.

In 1855, when the Police Department
was established by ordinance, the city



10



population had reached 100,000 and Chi-
cago had already begun to show signs of
becoming a great metropolis. The now
famed Loop Area was bounded on the north
and west by the Chicago River, on the
south by Roosevelt Road and on the east
by Lake Michigan. Railroad and local
horse car transportation systems were
being pointed to the central area. With
the increase in size and population of
of the city, the police service grew in
importance.

These were the days of the "Leather
Badges" and "Creakers". In |858, the
leather badges gave way to a uniform con-
sisting of a short blue frock coat, blue
navy cap with gold band and plain brass
star. The "Creaker" was a noise maker,
used to call for assistance and was later
replaced by the police whistle.

In 1861, the first Detective Force
was established and the city was divided
into Pol ice Precincts.

The many turbulent days of Ch icago's
early history, were such as to constant-
ly try the spirit and effectiveness of
the Department. Such disturbances and
disasters as the "Lager Beer Riots" in
1855, the great "Chicago Fire" of |87l
and the "Haymarket Riot" in 1886, failed
to di scourage the progress of the Depart-
ment. Their determination to give the
best possible service, with available
manpower, brought many innovations of
thei r own invention.

Military drill instructions for
police officers were first given under
the direction of General Superintendent
of Police V. A. Seavey in 1878. In his
Annual Report to the Mayor, Superinten-
dent Seavey wrote "A praiseworthy degree
of efficiency had been attained and the



II



appearance of details of platoons of men
at processions or on public occasion is
highly creditable and such as to elicit
the praise of citizens".

The first experimental patrol wagon
was put into service in July, I88l. Care
was taken in its construction to make
certain that it could be used as an am-
bulance as well as for transporting pris-
oners. This was also the year of the
origination of a Police Patrol Signal
Service. Booths were erected at vital
points in the city. Officers and reput-
able citizens were given keys to the
booths, which contained a telephone con-
nected directly to the Stations. Even
in this modern age, the patrol call box,
with modifications, is a useful commun-
ication for members of the Foot Patrol
Service.

Located in the heart of the M idwest,
a crossroad between east and west and
made up of friendly hospitable people,
Chicago was being called the "Convention
City" as early as |883. With its rapid
growth came the need for multiplying as
many offices as possible on valuable
ground in the Business Area. The first
of many skyscrapers, comprising Chicago' s
now famous "Skyline" was erected during
this period.

On April 30, I885» the first matrons
were assigned to precinct stations to
facilitate the handling of female pris-
oners. The keeping of criminal records
had become a vital part of police work
and the Bureau of Identification of the
Chicago Police Department was known to
have the finest "Rogues Gallery" of any
city in the United States.

On Novembers, 1885, the C i ty Counci 1
of the City of Chicago ordained that a



Lambert Tree and a Carter H. Harrison
Gold Medal be awarded to men of the Pol ice
and Fire Departments who perform a dis-
tinguished act of bravery in the pro-
tection of life and property. Patrolman
James Brennan of the Central Detail was
awarded the Gold Medal for the year |886.

By 1894, the population of the city
had grown to 1,600,000- Annexations to
the city had expanded the area to |86
square miles. In the Police Department
changes were made in the uniform worn by
officers, by which the various ranks of
of commanding officers were easily dis-
tinguishable. The year 1895. saw the
enactment of Civil Service Law for
selection of personnel. In I906» drink-
ing places were closed for the first
time on Election day wh i le pol 1 ing places
were open. This action brought excellent
resul ts and has been the general practice
through the ensuing years. This was a
period of great depression and police
stations were used for the distribution
of food to the poor.

By the turn of the century, the
days of the constables were far removed
and law enforcement, through training
and specialization, was becoming a pro-
fession. The horseless carriage made
itself evident on the streets of Chicago
by 1903, as over two hundred complaints
of accidents were investigated by the
police that year. In Staff Services
the newly established Bureau of Records
devised an improved system of form books
and records to meet the needs of the
increased activity of the growing patrol
force. An up-to-date manual of Rules and
Regulations was given to members of the
Department and an Assistant Genera]



Superintendent was given personal charge
of the Recruit School. The police star
adopted in |903, remained the badge of
office until |955' The present official
star is smaller in size than its pred-
ecessor and in keeping with the times,
i s modern in design.

On January |, 1905, the Fingerprint
System of identification was adopted and
was soon to replace the Bertillon System
established in |88i|. 2,553 fingerprints
were taken that year. The Chicago Pol ice
Department was among the first to make
extensive use of photography in the
solution of crimes, as photographers
were assigned to the Murder Bureau es-
tablished in 1905. In the Records Bureau
a system of pawnshop records was used for
the first time, to compare losses with
goods passing through Pawn Shops.

To meet the needs of the congested
Loop Area, a Mounted Force, comprised of
forty men and horses was established in
1906. This same year members of the
Police Department were given pistol
firing practice under the direction of
a drillmaster. There were only two tar-
gets available, but from this meager
beginning the Department now has one of
the finest Ranges in the area, located
in the present Police Building at ||2I
South State Street.

Motorization of the force began in
1908. That year, in his Annual Report
to the Mayor, General Superintendent of
Police G. S. Shippy wrote "Three autos
of the finest construction were put into
service". By 1915, vehicles of the De-
partment numbered about fifty and they
were completely motorized. During this
period, the old Sentry Box passed from



14



the scene and call boxes were now placed
on posts or pedestals. Traffic problems
had reached such proportions as to re-
quire meetings searching for a solution
to the situation.

A reorganization ordinance in |9I3»
designated that the Superintendent, Cap-
tains, Lieutenants, Sergeants and Patrol-
men be called "Policemen" and should
constitute the police force of the City
of Chicago. This same year, the Park
Civil Service Law was enacted, desig-
nating the Park District Police as sepa-
rate from that of the city.

With the shortage of available man-
power during World War |, a Chicago
Pol ice Reserve was organ ized by direction
of the General Superintendent of Police.
This Reserve, used at parades and less
dangerous assignments, was de-activated
shortly after the war years.

It was during World War | that
people became conscious of the term
"Juvenile Delinquency". An order assign-
ing Juveni le Officers to precinct stations
in 1917, became the first of many activi-
ties leading to the creation of the
present Crime Prevention Bureau. While
the activities of juveniles have been an
age old problem, they had not previously
been aided by local governmental agencies
through crime prevention programs. There
were 16,995 cases investigated by men of
the Juvenile Division in I9I8.

Prior to September 25, 1921, police
stations were called Precincts. Since
that date, by departmental order, they
have been called District Stations.. At
this time, departmental vehicles had
identi fying marks on top and sides and
reported to thei r d i strict stations every
twenty minutes.



15



To alleviate the flow of traffic in
congested areas, 280 electric signal
lights were installed at |38 city inter-
sections in 1925.

The installation of a Radio Commun-
ication System in 1929, was one of the
most important achievements in Chicago
Police Department history. The first
broadcasts were made through local radio
stations and because of the sensational
results obtained through this medium,
the Chicago Pol ice Department's own radio
broadcasting system was placed into oper-
ation August 9, 1930. A centralized
reporting switchboard was installed in
the Police Headquarters Building, to
give centralized control of complaints
and to facilitate the transfer of calls
by complainants to patrol ing squad cars
by radio. In this first year of oper-
ation, there were 216.0 average calls
per day, 3^.8 arrests per day and the
service was made available to |3 sur-
rounding towns. The Central Complaint
Room was the heart of the operation.
Citizens calls were received over Police
1313. The Complaint Form was designed
for use as a case history, showing both
the complaint received and answer from
the responding car.

The method of receiving calls from
Police Patrol Call Boxes was changed in
1932. Switchboards were placed in six
divisional headquarters, resulting in a
saving of manpower. Previous to this
time calls had been received in indi-
vidual district stations. On July |,
1931, the Pol ice Department Crime Report-
ing System was revised in accord with
the Uniform Crime Reporting System.

A high In motor vehicle deaths oc-
ocurred in |93it, when 986 persons lost
their lives in traffic accidents. The



16



combination of motorized horse power
and increased motor vehicle registration
had presented a major problem. This
same year, nine Accident prevention cars
were assigned to the Accident Prevention
Bureau. This was an important step,
directed toward reducing the high motor
vehicle death tol 1 through special ization.
A Police Department sponsored Radio Pro-
gram was aired every Saturday morning,
to better acquaint the people of the city
with activities of the Department. This
was the beginning of a Traffic Program
that, through the years, was to show a
reduction in motor vehicle deaths, while
motor vehicle registration increased.
There were 339 motor vehicle traffic
deaths in Chicago, excluding the Park
District, in |955.

The Scientific Crime Detection Lab-
boratory was established on August |,
I938. While scientific crime detection
methods had been used in the past, this
was the originationofaunjt of special-
ists assigned to specific duties. In
1940, the Scientific Crime Laboratory
was moved to its present location in the
Police Headquarters Building. Today the
unit is operated on a twenty-four hour
basis. Two mobile units have been added
in addition to Microscopy, Document,
Chemistry and Spectograph ic Laboratories.

By 191^2, all District, Bureau and
Accident Prevention Squads were equipped
with two-way radio. This same year, in
the interest of public service, thirty-
nine squads were built in such a manner
that they could be converted to emergen-
cy ambulances. In |9i|7, another forward
step was taken when these special squads
were replaced by a modern ambulance and
prisoner wagon, called a Squadrol.

The year |948, saw the introduction
17



of an Immediate Emergency Plan. This
Plan entailed the use of radio-equipped
motorized units from various districts
for the immediate control of an emergency.

A new Traffic Enforcement Plan was
also placed in operation in |9i|8> Since
that time, the Traffic Division has been
functioning as a separate unit, with
headquarters at Navy Pier. This was
another step in an unending effort by
the Chicago Police Department to make
teaming metropol is a safer place to 1 ive,
through their constant program of educa-
tion and modernization.

The Bureau of Identification, the
Crime Prevention Bureau and Scientific
Crime Detection Laboratory, in their
infancy were looked on as experiments.
Today, they are Important functions of
the Department. The use of Records and
Statistical Charts, make it possible to
determine trends in any phase of crime
or traffic and plans can be formulated
before a minor problem becomes a major
crisis*

When the many police reports ac-
cumulated over the years became a prob-
lem, the Records and Communications
Section began microfilming records that
dated back to |9I5* Through this medium,
thousands of square feet of floor space
were made available for present day
activities.

A Telephoto type of communication
was installed In the Bureau of Identifi-
cation in |95l. With this equipment it
is possible to transmit complete messages
consisting of photographs, fingerprints
and pertinant information to other police
departments having similar installations.
In case of telephone line failure, the
system i s adaptable to radio transmission.



18



An In-Service Training Program for
Department personnel was instituted at
Wright and Wilson Junior College in
1951. Other men had also been selected
to attend the Northwestern University
Traffic School. In addition, officers
in the Department have attended the
Federal Bureau of Investigation National
Academy in Washington D. C. since 1948.

The Wal k i e-Tal k i e Tel ephone was u sed


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