Chicago Standard Genealogical Publishing Company.

A Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away online

. (page 1 of 108)
Online LibraryChicago Standard Genealogical Publishing CompanyA Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away → online text (page 1 of 108)
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^: L T of the depths of his mature wisdom Carl^de wrcite,

"History is the essence of innumeralile biographies."

"f Belie\ ing- this to be the fact, there is no necessity of ad-

ancmg any further reason for the compilation of such a

L; woik as this, if rehable history is to be the ultimate

m^mmmm object.

Xorthern California has sustained Avithin its confines men who have
been prominent in the history of the State, and even the nation, for half a
centurv. The annals teem with the records of strong and noble manhood, and,
as .Sumner has said, "the true grandeur of nations is in those qualities which
constitute the greatness of the individual." The final causes which shape
the fortunes of individuals and the destinies of States are often the same.
They are usually remote and obscure, and their influence scarcely perceived
until jiianifestiy declared by results. That nation is the greatest which pro-
duces the greatest and most manly men and faithful women ; and the intrin-
sic safety of a community depends not so much upon methods as upon that
normal development from the deep resources of which proceeds all that is
precious and permanent in life. But such a result ma}^ not consciously be
contemplated by the actors in the great social drama. Pursuing each his
personal good by exalted means, they work out as a logical result.

The elements of success in life consist in both innate capacity and deter-
mination to excel. Where either is wanting, failure is almost certain in the
outcome. The study of a successful life, therefore, serves both as a source of
information and as a stimulus and encouragement to those who have the
capacity. As an important lesson in this connection we may appropriately quote
Longfellow, who said : "W'e judge ourselves by what we feel capable of doing.

while we judge others by what they have ah-eady done." A faitliful personal
history is an iUustration of the truth of this oljservation.

In this biographical history the editorial staff, as well as the publisliers.
have fully realized the magnitude of the task. In the collection of the material
there has been a constant aim to discriminate carefully in regard to the selec-
tion of subjects. Those who have been prominent factors in the public, social
and industrial development of the counties have been given due recognition
as far as has been possible to secure the requisite data. Names worthy of
perpetuation here, it is true, have in several instances been omitted, either on
account of the apathy of those concerned or the inability of the compilers to
secure the information necessary for a symmetrical sketch, but even more pains
ha\-e been taken to secure accuracy than were promised in the prospectus.
\\'orks of this nature, therefore, are more reliable and complete than are the

"standard" histories of a country.



Adams, Frederick. 184.
Adams, John, 363.
Adams, Lorenzo D., 642.
Adams, Moses, 618.
Albery, Herman M., 141.
Albery, |ohn \V., 245.
Allen, George, 483.
Allen, Hosea G., 531.
Allen, John P., 376.
Alltraier, George W., 244.
Amick, Alfred J., 307.
Anderson, William A., 587
Aram, Eugene, 62.
Atwood, Henrv, 522.
Aver, John, 262.
Azevedo, M. J., 119.


Bacon, Pyam B., 78.
Baker, Charles W.. 298.
Baker, Daniel O., 173.
Baker, Daniel S., 400.
Baker, Frederick H., 584.
Banvard, Edgar M., 302.
Barney, Earl S., 211.
Barrett, John W., 815.
Batcher, John H., 810.
Bauman, John, 530.
Bayk-y, Charles W., 677.
Beattii', George, 615.
Becknian, William, 277.
Beckwith, Charles M., I'jr
Bell, Ale.xander G., 77i'.
Bennett, James ¥., '■'•'■">.
Bennetts, W. A., 217.
Berkey, T. H., 87.
Bernhard, Henry, 423.
Berry, David E., 441.
Bessac, Henry W., 442.
Birdsall, Frederick, 146.
Birney, Thomas C , 249.
Bishee, John G., 440.
Bisbee, "Wilson A., 573.
Bledsoe, Willis, 690.
Bogan Charles J., 338.
Boggs, John C, 691.
Bosquit, A. S ,632.
Botto, Costantino C, 163.

Bowers, Warren O., 156.
Brady, James J., 429.
Bray, j6seph, 193.
Briggs, James R., 380.
Bright, Samuel W., 511.
Brinn, Morris, 486.
Bristol, Abraham, 781.
Bromley, R. Innis, 626.
Brown, Armstead C, HI.
Brown, Frank, 578.
Brown, James F., 519.
Brown, William, 724.
Bryan, Henry, 421.
Buckbee, O. S., 660.
Buckley, William L., 659.
Bugbey, B. N., 435.
Burce, Eugene E., 438.
Burden, Charles H.. 553.
Burdue, .Stephen D,, 347.
Burleson, Charles M., 407,
Burnett, Albert, 738.
Burt, Samuel B., 137.
Butler, John, 230.
Butterfield, Benj. F., 270.

Cady, John S., 536.
Caminetti, Anthony, 106.
Carmirhael, Daniel W., 814.

C,n-|M.iit.M- C. I.. 88.
C,n|Mi,ir,, I'lcntiss, 520.
C.iii. I 11., 812.
Cn-i.M, 11,,,,-1,-s H., 152.

Ca^sin^ih, Havid',' 541.
Catlin, Amos P., 104.
Chalmers, Ale.xander, 825.
Chapman, Emory W., 730.
Chinn, Frederick C, 828.
Chisholm, John, 218.
Christ, Herman. 583.
Clark, Eli D., 622.
Clark, Phi let us B., 757.
Clark, William O., 120.
Clifford, Eldad A., 745.
Clinch, Charles E., 416.
Colgan, E. P., 154.
Collins, Daniel S., 420.
Collins, John, 715.
Comstock, William D., 744.

Conlon, Thomas, 476.
Conroy, William C, 315.
Coombs, Jacob L., 272.
Cooper, Daniel A., 322.
Cooper, Isaac, 202.
Copp, Reuben H., 719.
Corwm, Cecil, 811.
Cottle, Francis M., 739.
Coughim, jnhn H., 732.
Coulter, .\aol|,l,,i-, II., .543.
Coulter. (,.■.,:-,■ W , illjs.
Cox, Fre.lrnck, 'Jdl.
Cravens, Robert O., 816.
Crawford, Edwin R., 733.
Crawford, James, 571.
Cressey, Albert L., 371.
Crocker Brothers, 594.
Croff, John W., 600.
Croop, William B., 646.
Crutcher, James W., 170.
Currey, James T., 785.
Curry, Charles F., 491.
Curtin, John, 710.
Curtin, John B., 541.
Curtis, Charles A., 408.
Gushing, John H., 684.


Daniels, Henry, 458.
Davidson, Louis, 178.
Davis, John F., 449.
Davis, John J., 210.
Davis, Richmond, 261.
Davis, Rudolphus C, 459.
Davis, Wintield J., 168.
Day, Charles E., 431.
Dees, William R., 367.
Dejarnett, J. B., 819.
Dennis, Jackson, 494.
DeYoe, Caroline R., 131,
Dibble, Sumner T., 736.
Dillman, M. I., 427.
Dixon, Joseph, 301.
Donohue, Thomas, 566.
Downs, Robert C, 617.
Doyle, John B., 576.
Dray, Findley R., 60.
Drescher, Christian C, 556.
Dunlap, George H., 586.
Dunlap, James R., 287.
Dvvyer, Patrick, 524.


Early, John C.,580.
Eaton, John .M., 714.
Ebel, Frederick A., ;J21.
Elsbree, Andrew J., 279.
Emart, David, 199.
Endicott, Edwin E., .529.
Erlewine. Oliver W., 86.
Ertle, John, 756.
Eudey, Henry, 4.54.
Evans, Claeborne \V., 351.

Farnsv,-orth, William C.,291.
Ferguson, Aaron A., 312.
Finnev, William N., 624.
Fisher, George, 266.
Fisher, John P., 4.56.
Fisk, Frank W , 237.
Fithian, Joseph C, 98.
Fletcher, George, 310.
Fontenrose, L. J., 410.
Ford, James C., 807.
Forni, Carl", 65.5.
Foster, Benj. F., 233.
Fox, Albert S..69.
Fox Brothers, The, 69.
Fox. lay E., (>9.
Frans'ioli, Alex. A., 090.
Frank, Frederick, 364.
Freeman, Charles H., 329.
Freeman, Edward G., 101.
Freeman, William A, 477.
Frost, Henrv A., 391.
Fulweiler, John .M., 164.


Gall, Alexander M., .502.
Garnett, Peter R., 110.
Gartlin, Thomas H., 129.
Gassaway, Joseph H., 295.
Gatzman, Alfred L., 749.
Getchell, D. B., .326.
Gibbs, Harry T.. 762.
Gibbs, James L., 472.
Giebenhain, Henry A., 629.
Gillis, Jamec L., 2.57.
Ginocchio, Enrico, 96.
Gleason, James, 765.
Goding, Adanirum J., 728.
Grant, Fred B., 795.
Graves, John H., 243.
Gray, George A., 349.
Gray, Thomas B., 746.
Gregory, U. S., 273.
Green, Robert E., 443.
Green, Warren C, 791.
Greenlaw, A. S., 213.
Grohs, Frederick P., 242.
Gunnuldson, George, 462.


Hagar, George, 806.

Hall, UaniprT.,2S6.

Hamilton, William B., 481.

Hardie, Oswald, 607.

Hardy, Thomas. 345.

Harper, Thomas B., 788.

Harriman, Samuel B., 717.

Harris, Edward, 497.

Harris. Ira. Ir.. MS2

Hart, KliMhC, 70

Havf,.nl. l.ui.v P., ^i;:;.

Hays, Irvm W'., (:;;;.

Heilbron, Adolph, C.TS.

Heinsdorff, Joseph, 5i;7.

Hellwig, Charles J., 403.

Hemphill, Alexander, 713.

Hennessey, James H., 404.

Henser, George H.. 718.

Henser, William, 719.

Hewel, Charles Lewis .-Vdolph

Hickman, William S., 663.
Hilbert, George H., 800.
Hill, Captain .S. S., 392.
Hill, Seymour, 61:;.
Hilts, Abram M., c:!!;.
Hodges, Georire '/... 446.
Hodgkin, D. C. W., 720.
Hoesch, John, 802.
Hoffman, Frank, 498.
Hofmeister, George, 6.54.
Holder, John, 6.53:
Holl, S. Solon, .58.
Holland, Judson A., 548.
Howard, B. F., 206.
Hubbard, Cyrus H.. 803.
Huber, George F., 512.
Hughes, Joseph W., 235.
Hulbert, Horace W., 33.5.
Huntley, Lyman L., 605.

Ingram, William. 603.
Isaac, John E., 466.

Jack, James S., 563.
Jameson. James W., 432.
[ansen, Walter, 662.
Jenkins, J. A., 191.
Jennings, William, 284.
Johnson, Frank T., 180.
Johnson, Matthew F., 668.
Jordan Simeon C, 601.


Kavanaugh, Edward C, 792.
Kay, Wallace, .509.
Keilbar, Adam, 589.

Kelley, Alexander, 626.
Kellogg, George D., 750.
Kelly, Michael U., 467.
Kenison, Albert W., 401.
Kent, Richard W., 253.
Kent, Walter E., 514.
Keves, William B.. 316.
Kidder. John F., :i20.
Kmg, Peter, 370.
Kinkade, John T., 2:!1.
Knight, s;,M,.i.-! X.,447.
Knu.! - ' , \ - I :,nii

Kni- I . ■,. :■-..
Kur,,,,,. i ;,.;.;i.

Kuhn, lManK,.-,:-5.

Lakamp, John H., 378.
Lampson, David, 504.
Lardner, William B., 222.
La Rue, Hugh M., 93.
Latta, Robert ^].. .377.

Law.'^nli, Vnv:.\\ S., L'SO.

Lee. |nl,„ A.. ?..o.
Leek. Newu-n 1-; , 1175.
Leeper, Frank R.. 134.
Lefevre, James, .623.
Leland, Gustavus A., 13!).
LeMoin, Fred B., 721.
Letang, Boldamer E., 166.
Lewis, Benjamin H., .574.
Lewis, Leander L., 798.
Limpinsel, John F., 637.
Linn, lohn B., 318.
Locher, Francis J., 124.
Logan Bros., The, l'A~.
Long, Charles W., 293.
Loofbourrow, David T., 699.
Lord, William G., 425.
Lowe, Frederick W., 759.
Lowry, Albert J., 651.
Lucas, James F., 128.
Luke, Henry, 430.
Lukens. George E., 635.
Lyon, John X'.,489.


Mack, George F., .533.
Macomber Bros., The, 189.
Macy, Charles F., 644.
Maddux, James, 68.
Maddux, La Fayette ]., 357.
Mahon, James, 764.
Maker, George S., 444.
Mallows, E<hvard.451.
Maniove. [.-hn K., s;;.
Mann, M. \'., ii71.
Mann, Weslev S.. 6i;9.
Mansfield, William, 200.
Manuel, Henry, 781.
Manuel, lohn, 780.
Mardis, Benj. A., 716.
Marks, Leander D , 639.


Marshall, James W., (U.
Mattly, David, 474.
McCabe, George T., 650.
McCauley, Isaac N., 305.
McCauley, James, 176.
McC'aw, 'lames, 324.
IMcCunnirk. Mark, 702.
McCmv, William W., 344.
McKer, (;,/nr-e \V.,ti49.
McLaine, Claude I., 247.
McMullen, George C, 304.
IMcNarv, James D., 300.
McRae', Ale.x. B., 634.
McSwain, John F., 740.
McWayne, Allen, 262.
Medley, Philo H., 620.
Meehan, fames, 468.
Meinecke, Frederick, 6,57.
Merklev, Charles H , 761.
Merklev, lohn J., 761.
Messenger, Hiram A., 358.
Michael, Martin, 794.
Michell, William F., 299.
Miller, Albert D., 288.
Miller, Thomas, 81.
Mills, Henry C, 419.
Mitchell, George E., 179.
]\litchler, Frank A., 569.
Monahan, John, 123.
Moody, Frank, 274.
Moody, Harris L., 735.
Morgan, John T., 384.
Moser, Samuel S., 418.
Moulton, Dwight A., 194.
Mulroy, John, 448.^
Mundorf, John, 546.
Munro, Robert, 379.


Neeley, Isaac N., 561.
Newman, lacob, 534.
Nichols. Albert F., 723.
Nicholls, Francis, 648.
Nicholls, lohn, 353.
Nicholls, William, Jr., 341.
Nurse, M. A., 333.

Officer. William B., 461.
Opel, George, 369.
Ordway, Nehemiah F., i
Orr, George W., 260.
Otis, Frank P., 448.

Pache. George F.,559.
Parks, James F., 208.
Parsons. William E.. 328.
Pattee. John K.. 149.
Peachey, Thomas G., 290.
Pearsall, Samuel W., 422.
Peart, Elias C, 264.
Peek, Frank W., 527.

Peek, Samuel C, 373.
Peek, William P., 161.
Pelton, Samuel C, 595.
Penrv. William M., 521.
Pereu-a, John, 136.
Perkins, John D., 558.
Pierce, C. C, 650.
Pike, Jacob .M., 414.
Post, Charles N.. 182.
Potter, Eleazer S.,2.52.
Power, Harold T., 591.
Pownall, Joseph B., 226.
Predom, John A., 725.
Prichard, William A., 197.
Prince, Bartholomew R.,773.
Prindle, Samuel L., 387.
Prouty, Christopher C, 398.
Prouty, William H., 673.
Purcell, Peter, 374.
Purvis, Richard B., 670.

Raddatz, John, 277.
Raggio, John, 528.
Randolph, M. C, 103.
Rasmussen, Rnbert, 297.
Rea, William, 76'.l.
Reail, Alb.-rt G.. 766.
Reager, Frank S.,2.56.
Rector, Bayless S., 330.
Reed, Mvron H.,51o.
Reese. David, 187
Reeves, Truman, 9.
Reichlintc, Peter, 241.
Remler, Leonard, 783.
Rhodes, Henry B., 555.
Rich, lacob C, 337.
Richards. William J., 572.
Richardson, Thomas, 611.
Richtmyer, Benj. F., 72.
Rider, George K., 487.
Roberts, John H., 248.
Robertson. Elisha B., 696.
Rob.-rtsnn, Inhn, 147.
Rnblr, W i!l,-l-. .tL'4.

im T.,

Rnblli, I h,

Rocca, John, 375.
Rodda, J. T., 352.
Rodden, Gabriel L., 689.
Rolfe, lanthis J., 390.
Roonev, Robert F., 148.
Ross, John, Jr., 330.
Rovvell, Horace H., 516.
Runckel, Christian, 361.
Russell. Daniel A.. 140.
Ryan, Dennis, 411.

Safford, John C, 412.
Sallee, Jonathan, 296.
Sanders, Christopher C,
Sanguinetti, Luke, 581.
Sargent, Jacob L., 479.

Sawtell, William. 699.
Scadden, P. G., 413.
Schellhous, Martin A., 818.
Schmal, William H., 737.
Schoettgen, Frank J., 239.
Schrack. Lewis M.,
Schroebel, Charles H., .549.
Scbuize, Charles, 734.
Scoon. Thomas R., 625.
Scott, Enoch E., 768.
Searsanous, John F., 241.
Sharp, Beltaza, 579.
Shaw, John, 537.
Shepherd, Fred A., 774.
Sherburn, Richard, 167.
Sherer, James H., 597.
Sheridan, Bernard, 383.
Shields, Peter J., 808.
Sibole, Joseph W., 198.
Siggins, Philetus V., 784.
Silva, Thomas, 545.
Simms, John R., 395.
Smith, Manfred O., 638.
Smith, Pardon B., Sr., 552.
Smith, Preston W., 159.
Smith, S. B., 192.
Smith, William H., 360.
Snedigar, Thomas F., 641.
Snowden, Edmund C, 475.
Solari, Bastino, ,566.
Solinski, Frank J.. 577.
Sonne, L. P. A., 596.
Soracco, Carlo. 311.
Spagnoli, Diovol B.,464.
Sparks, Reuben M., 683.
Spaulding, John, 507.
Spencer, Francis N., 610.
Spencer, 0«borne J., 770.
Sprague, Silvester M., 787.
Squier, George, 133.
Stanton, Hiram C, 215.
Steel, lohn, 550.
Stefflei-, William H., 582.
.Stephens, Russell D., 822.
.Stevrns, Irederick S., 182.

Stew.irt',' 1 lan'iel', 216.
Stnakri,. Inlin l..,313.
Str.itton, I),i,i,,.| E.,614.
Slnn-.M-, John, 439.

Studanis, Joseph, 694.
Surface, John W., 143.
Sutton, Fred, 513.
Swan, Charles D., 127.
Swendt, R. W. H., 617.
Swisler, Charles A., 627.

Tate, Johh D., 664.
Taylor Bros. (C. H. & E. F.),


Terry, Joseph E., 704.
Teuscher, Philip, 630.
Thomas, Walter G., 490.
Thorn, Benj. K., IIH.
Tibbits, Lvman C, 246.
Tinnev, j6hn H., 180.
Tirpie, T. J., 406.
Tiscornia, Girolamo, 535.
Tower, Jacob S., 760.
Towle, George W.. .385.
Tozer, Lewellyn, 332.
Trask, Prentice M., 220.
Trewartha, William, 479.
Trittenbach, Albert, 568.
Tryon, Charles W., 334.
Tucker, Martha Ellen, 394.
Tulloch, John W., 754. _ _
Turner, Frederick W., 687.
Turner, Jabez, 174.
Tyrrell, John R., 350.


Jacob, 342.

\'an Voorhies, A. A., 700.
Vicini, Charles P., 506.
A'ictors, Ernest A., 741.
Voorhe.s, Edward C, 470.
A'oyle, Lewis, 661.


Waddell, James, 742.
Walden, James M.. 797.
Warren, .Admiral F... 665.
Wastier, Frederick, 656.
Webb, Richard, 158.
Weirich, Elmer W., 709.
Werle, Charles A., 368.
Werner, Fred, 496.
Wesson, George F.. 224.
West, C.orL:- l"..:;i";.
WevniM'i:!., W . - , (lV,.
Whallon, -.,,iir..', \.. 793.
Wheeler, Stcpln-n L.. 228.
Wheeler, Thomas, 558.

Whitlock, Charles 1\I., 564.
Wildman, William F., 503.
Wilson, A. I., 813.
Wilson, William I., 698.
Wise, Roliert, 417.
Withington, George, 294.
Witney^ John H., 565.
Wood,' Amos A., 365.
Wood, Carlton H., 283.
Woodmansee, Charles S.,488
Woolford, Joseph, 238.
Wrenn, John O., 666.
Wright, Edwin F.. 196.

Yager, George J., 53.'.

Zumwalt, I. G., 85.

^^^-t^T^nyiyu a^t^ LyK-^^^-^'




Northern California.


The name of Reeves is one which has l)eeii long and conspicuously identi-
fied with the history of this country, anil is one in which each successive
generation has produced men of honor and sterling worth, men who have
honored and been honored by the nation which gave them birth, and which
has figured as the field of their elTorts to conserve the progress and pros-
perity of the Union; and among the representatives of the family have been
men distinguished in times of war and in times of peace, men who have won
honors on the field of battle and who have preached the gospel of righteous-
ness, leading men to follow the highest duties and principles of life.

The ancestry of our subject may be traced back to 1630; and in the
great wars of Cromwell Colonel William Reeves was one of those who led
the English in many a hard-fought battle with the Scotch and Irish ; and his
son, the Rev. William Reeves, was the first man who ever wrote the his-
tory of the Bible in the English language, transcribing it from the original
Hebrew, although Latin translations had been given to the world. This im-
portant work was accomplished in 1690.

Calvin Reeves, a brother of our subject, now has in his possession a
Bible which was printed in 1630, and which was brought from England
by his uncle, John Reeves, in 1850. From records in the book it is pos-
sible to gain some account of those in whose possession it has been. The
first l>ears the name of John Collings, 1666. Following this is "James Col-
lings, his book. May 3rd 1720." He probably w^as an uncle of the grand-
mother of Truman Reeves, and a brother of John Collings. It was sent by
tJie grandmother Reeves, whose maiden name was Collings, to the father of
our subject, in 1850. and by him given to Calvin Reeves. It was very evi-
tlent that there was a giant in the family, for. at the same time that the Bible
came into the possession of the father, tlierc was also a very ancient linen
shirt of immense proportions, owned and worn by Robert Linden Cnllings,
who was a grand-uncle of our subject.

George Phippcn Rce\es and Jane iwc Collings. grandfather and grand-


mother of our subject, were Un-n at Eddiugton, Somersetshire, Eugland.
aljfiut i'/J2. Tlie grandmother h\ed to tlie ripe old age of ninety-one years.
The father of our subject, W'ilham Colhngs Reeves, was born at Bridge-
water, Soinersetshire, England, in 1806. After his school days he was ap-
prenticed to a tanner and currier for a term of seven years, — the regular
time of apprentice service in England at that time. In 1825 he came to
America and worked at his trade in the state of New York. In 1831 mar-
ried Miss Clora Northway, a daughter (jf Zenas and Sally Northway, of
Cardiff, New York, who were of Scotch descent, emigrating to America
before the Revolutionary war. Her grandfather served in the \yar of the
Re\olution and her father in the war of 181 2. Their children are as fol-
lows : Calvin, George Phippen, Charles Samuel, Truman, Edwin, Maria Jane,
Collings Edward, Andrew Isair and Emery Alveris. Charles S., Collings
E.. Andrew I. and Emery A. are dead.

In the A'ear 1835 the father and mother of our subject, with two chil-
dren, — Calvin and George, — moved to Ohio, locating at Chardon, Geauga
county, where, in company with Philo Pease, they carried on an extensive
tanning and shoemaking business, meeting with good success. Here, on
the 17th day of August, 1840, our subject was born. In 1847 the partner-
ship was dissolved, and Mr. Reeves moved to Leroy, Ohio, where he con-
ducted a tannery for three years, and in 1850 the family moved to Orwell,
Ashtabula county, that state. Here, with the family of six boys and one girl,
the boys started in as farmers, whilst the father carried on the tanning busi-
ness for a few years, or until the new process in tanning leather forced him
to retire. The boys worked the farm and attended school a portion of each
year, and at the age of eighteen Truman decided to learn the watchmaking
trade, and became an apprentice ti.i ]\Iessrs. King & Brother, at Warren. Ohio,
where he worked until 1861.

In i860 agitation over the question of slavery in the southern states
stirred the people, both north and south, to a fever heat, and the south was
ready to rebel provided the Republican party won the election that year, which
it did. But the election of i860 proved that when the country is most in
danger the masses of the people can be trusted. The Republican party,
which placed its first presidential candidate in the field only four years be-
fore, row nominated Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, and the Democrats of
the north placed as their standard bearer Stephen A. Douglas, the ""little
giant." The southern Democrats nominated John C. Breckenridge, of Ken-
tucky, and the Union party of the south put up James Bell. This was the
most bitter campaign that ever occurred in the history of the country. Lincoln
w-as elected and on the 20th of December, i860. South Carolina declared
for secession, tearing down the stars and stripes and raising the Palmetto
flag. Other states almost immediately followed this lead. John B. Flovd.
the secretary of war under Buchanan, had been busily engaged in removing
government troops, ammunition, arms and vessels to the south, and, this
done, he resigned, December 29, i860, and took his stand with the Con-


In Charleston liai-l)i)r stnixl tlie two f<.irts, ]\I()ultrie and Sumter. JNIajor
Robert Anderson was stationed at the former, with a force of sixty-five men;
but, beheving this easy prey to tiie secessionists, who were then drilling for
war, he decided to move to Fort Sumter, and just before nightfall on Christ-
mas day, i860, he called his officers and said c^uietly, "Gentlemen, in twenty
minutes we leave for Fort Sumter; prepare yourselves and make ready for
the move." Just as the sun was setting the little column filed out of Fort
Ivloultrie and went to the boat ready to ferry them over. A rear guard was
left standing at the cannon on the sea wall at Fort Moultrie, eagerly watch-
ing their companions. Before they were half across, the guard boat was
seen bearing down upon them and the gunners at Fort Moultrie turned their
guns upon it ready to blow it to atoms if an attempt was made to capture
the envoys. But the guard boat soon made for the shore. Major Ander-
son manned Fort Sumter and supplied it with provisions enough to last six
months, and began preparations for the siege he knew would follow. The
Charleston people planned an attack and on the 12th of April the first gun
of the Civil war was fired.

On the 14th of April President Lincoln issued his call for seventy-five
thousand volunteers and the quota was at once filled, and would have been
filled with equal alacrity if the call had been for three hundred thousand. All
arms had been conveyed to the south and the government was forced to
secure guns wherever it could. The first company raised at Warren was
Company C, Nineteenth Ohio Infantry. About four times as many volun-
teered as could go, and Mr. Reeves was one of them. The Nineteenth came
back in July, and most of them joined three-year regiments that were being
formed. On the 5th of October, 1861, Mr. Reeves enlisted in Companv G,
Sixth Ohio Cavalry, as a private. The regiment went into camp at '\\'arren,
Ohio. The officers were as follows : Colonel. William R. Lloyd ; Lieutenant-
Colonel. William Steadman ; Majors, Bingham and Stanhope. In December
the regiment went into camp at Camp Dennison. and in April orders came
to go to the frcmt. During this period of waiting in camp, the men were
being prepared for future usefulness, by the hardest of drill from morning
until night. The regiment was ordered to report to Genera! John C. Fre-
mont in West \'irginia, and at Moorfield became identified with iM-emont's
corps, then on its way up the Shenandoah valley after Jackson.

From this point Mr. Reeves will tell the story of his personal recollec-
tions of the war as witnessed by himself.

It was but a day or two after we joined General Freiuont that Colonel
Zagonyi, of General Fremont's staff, requested Colonel Lloyd to furnish in'ni

Online LibraryChicago Standard Genealogical Publishing CompanyA Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away → online text (page 1 of 108)