Chicago Standard Genealogical Publishing Company.

A Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away online

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Online LibraryChicago Standard Genealogical Publishing CompanyA Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away → online text (page 16 of 108)
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money, etc., one of whom was captured, while the other, whose name was
Charles Williams, escaped through the darkness. Shortly afterwards Deputy
Sheriff Thorn found out where he was, near Princeton, in Marijxisa county,
chopping wood in the forest, and. riding uj) to him. demanded his surrender,
wdien Williams rushed at him with an ax. uplifted, with the evident intention
of splitting his head open; and wdien Williams got so close that the situation
began to look unhealthy to Thorn, he shot him down.

Soon afterward Thorn was elected sheriff the first time, he and Constable
Mathews started in pursuit of the Kinney Said murderers, and on their way
stopped over night at Columbia, Tuolumne county. After supper Thorn, not
anticipating any trouble, handed Mr. Fallon, the landlord, his weapons to keep
over night, being too heavy to pack. Later in the evening Thorn and Math-
ews' attention was called to three Mexicans, well mounted and dressed, who
rode up in front of Kelly's livery stable, on a I)ack street. The officers, proceed-
ing over to the stable, recognized them as men wanted l)y Sheriff Lincoln of
Santa Cruz county for highway robbery, and Thorn, seizing one of the men
by the collar and bridle of his animal, ordered him to dismount, which not
being complied with, Thorn hauled him off of his horse, at the same time going
after the Alexican's weapons, who also held on for possession, while another
jumped off his horse, at whom Mathews fired and who ran into a dark har-
ness room, and while Thorn was thus engaged in tusseling for the possession
of the weapon the other Mexican opened fire on him with three shots, at
close range, wounding him, however, but slightly, under the armpit, whilr
another passed through the rim of his hat, and then the desperado ran away,
as another party fired at him in order to save Thorn. Securing his man and


placing him in JMathews' charge. Thorn entered the room and brought out the
other Mexican, both of whom, with their outfits, were taken by Mathews and
assistant to Calaveras county, while Thorn started for Mariposa in search of
the Said murderers, one of whom he secured in that county and from whom
he obtained a full confession of his participation in the above murder, and
in a short time captured the other in Amador county, near Oleta, who was
afterward hung, wliile the former was sentenced for life at San Ouentin state

While Thorn was a deputy sheriff under High Sheriff Paul, and was
returning home from a sheriff's sale, at the old fiascoe ranch, of a lot of
stock, accompanied by his wife^^ on horseback, in traveling along the trail
in the evening two disguised men on horseback were seen a little distance
ahead, on the side of the trail, under a tree, apparently awaiting and watch-
ing for them ; so Thorn drew his revolver, and as he approached nearer them
they made towards the trail on which he was traveling, apparently to head him
oft', whereupon he immediately covered them with his weapon and demanded
of them what they wanted and what they were doing, at which they halted
a moment, in a hesitating manner, and then turned around and rode off' a short
tlistance and stopped, and the officer and his wife proceeded; but, still coveting
the money which the ofticer had from the proceeds of the sale, they followed
them along on the side of the trail some little distance, when Thorn, not
desirous of another attempt at a hold up, especially under the circumstances,
let their horses go at full speed and thus left the would-be highwaymen in
the lurch. Some time afterward Thorn found out who the parties were, but
the attempted crime was then outlawed.

Sheriff' Thorn has had many very risky experiences during the many
years that he has held his position, and has also been very successful in stning
the tax-payers of his county many thousands of dollars by securing con-
fessions of guilt from many of the criminal element. Notably amongst the
number was that of Charles E. Bolton, alias Black Bart, the Po 8, who con-
fessed his guilt to Thorn in the presence of Captain A. \\'alker Stone, of San
Francisco, the captain ably assisting him on that occasion, through which a
large amount of stolen treasure was recovered and restored to \\ ells, Fargo
& Company, and Bolton pleaded guilty to the charge in the superior court of
Calaveras county, thus saving the county a long and expensive trial, with
probaljly no conviction.


Probably every civilized country on the face of the globe has furnished
its representatives to California, and Mr. Azevedo, the well known meml)er of
the firm of Azevedo &: Company, of Sacramento, claims Portugal as the land
of his birth. His natal day is February 22, 1836, and he is the eldest of a
family of nine children, whose parents were J. A. and Orso Marrionna Aze-
vedo, both natives of the Azores islands, and now deceased. The subject of
this review obtained his education in the place of his nativity and was reared
to farm life.


In 1854, at the age of eighteen years, he determined to seek a home in
America, beheving that thus he would improve his hnaucial condition. Accord-
ingly he sailed for Boston and at that port joined a whaling fleet for a two-
years' cruise, which was attended with a fair degree of success. His next
voyage was around Cape Horn to California, and on reaching the Golden state
he left the vessel and joined the army of gold-seekers. For five years he
engaged in mining in Butte county and prospered in his undertakin_gs. On
the expiration of that period he w ent to Sacramento and purchased land near
Freeport and engaged in farming for thirteen years. He then returned to his
native land, where he continued until 1889, when he again visited California
and began buisness as a member of the tirm of Azevedo & Company, pro-
prietors of the Eagle Winery. The firm was organized and incorporated in
April, 1889, since which time it has done a lucrative and thriving business.
They manufacture all kinds of wines and brandies and have on hands a
large stock of old wines whose rich quality and rare flavor enable the manu-
facturers to secure the highest market prices. They ship not only to all sec-
tions of Califorina, but also to many eastern cities, and their output is quite
large. The business is conducted along progressive lines and the plant is
equipped with all the conveniences and accessories that will promote the

While in his native land Air. Azevedo was united in marriage to Aliss
Marie Adelaide Azevedo, and they now ha\e four children: Alary; Frank Al.;
Joseph AI. and Amelia, the elder daughter being now married. Air. Azevedo
and his family are consistent members of the Catholic church and are well
known in the community where they make their home. He is an energetic bus-
iness man, devoting his time and energies to the conduct of the winerv and his
success is the outcome of his own efforts.


Through his long connection with the interests of Amador coimty Will-
iam O. Clark has so lived as to win universal respect and consideration from
his fellow- men. He now resides on his farm of two hundred and thirty acres
pleasantly located two miles west of Plymouth. He is a native of Indiana,
his birth having occurred in Aladison county, that state, on the 25th of June,
1817, a 3-ear after its admission into the Union. He is of English descent,
both his paternal and maternal grandfathers. John Clark and David Keeler,
having emigrated to the colonies in 1749. They became residents of Xew
England; and Timothy B. Clark, the father of our sul)ject. was born in Fair-
field county, in 1765. He married Polly Keeler, and in the early history of
Alethodism they united with the great reform movement and became promi-
nent in church work, the father serving as a class-leader for many years.
During the pioneer epock in the history of Indiana they made their home
in that state, and in 1829 removed to Illinois, the father securing one hun-
dred and sixty acres of 'land in what is now the heart of Chicago, Clark
street, in that citv, being named in his honor, lie had the credit of building

Past Grand Worthy Patriarch Sons of Temperance of Calitbr:


the first frame house in what is now the great inetropohs, and was an active
factor in the upbuilding and improvement of the city, whose commercial in-
terests now largely rule the continent and have had an important influence
upon the trade of the world. He served as a soldier in the war of 181 2 and
again performed militai-y service in the Black Hawk war. He died in 1840,
at the age of seventy-fiv£ years, and his wife lived to the age of sixty-eight
years. They were the parents of twelve children, of whom only three are
now living, namely : H. B. Clark, of Drytown ; E. J. Clark, a prominent resi-
dent and the president of the Davis County Bank at Farmington, Utah; and
William O., of this review.

Mr. Clark, whose name introduces this sketch, pursued his education in an
old log schoolhouse of Chicago, where he was a schoolmate of Chief Justice
Blodgett and Royal Barber, the latter an eminent lawyer of Joliet. In 1832,
when Black Hawk's warriors were burning the houses and driving the
whites in Illinois west of Chicago on Indian creek, where they had the mas-
sacre and burned the houses on the head w-aters of the Illinois river, W. O.
Clark drove the wagon filled with fleeing women and children from their burn-
ing houses to Fort Beggs, and when it became too dangerous there he assisted
his father with the rest of them to Fort Dearborn, Chicago, when General
Scott arrived and relieved them from further danger.

After putting aside his text-books Mr. Clark became deeply interested in
the question of temperance, which was then largely agitating the country, the
reform movement being then in its incipiency. He became an enthusiastic ad-
vocate of the cause, traveling and lecturing for ten years and doing a great
work in liberating men from the power of intoxicants. Throughout the long
years of his life he never wavered in his allegiance to temperance principles,
but at all times, both by precept and example, has advocated the abolishment
of the liquor trafific. He has made a close study of the subject and is familiar
with the effects of liquor upon the human system, as well as upon the moral
and mental welfare of the race. So active and earnest has he been as a cham-
pion of temperance movements that he has six times been elected grand worthy
patriarch of the Sons of Temperance in the state of California. He was
chosen a delegate to represent the temperance cause of California in the na-
tional convention which assembled in Chicago June 27, 1900, and which nomi-
nated John G. Woolley for the presidency of the United States. On his way
home he lectured in Illinois, Missouri, Idaho, Utah and California. He has
lectured in all of the important cities of the country, has spoken in Madison
Square Garden in New York and has made a journey around the entire world,
visiting Europe, Asia, Africa, China and Japan, also spending some time
in the Holy Land. He made the journey at his own expense in order to ob-
tain a more complete and accurate idea of the history and conditions of the
people who dwell on the earth. He is now eighty-four years of age, and for
Sixty-five years he has labored untiringly and assiduously in upholding the
cause of temperance, meeting his own expenses during the greater part of the
time. He was reared in the Methodist church, and is possessed of the earnest
Christian faith and belief; but, realizing that his temperance labors could be


more effective if he was not connected with any particular denomination, he
has not joined any single organization. He is possessed of the highest spirit
of tolerance, which is dominated by the kindliness, forbearance and self-sac-
rifice that became the guide to the world when exemplified in the life of the
lowly Xazarene almost twenty centuries ago.

In 1850 Mr. Clark came to California and assisted in establishing tem-
perance work in San Francisco and Stockton. It was a movement greatly
needed in this mining locality, where the men, released from the restraints of
home and civilization, were too apt to wander into the ways of wickedness.
He had the honor of serving as the chairman of the meeting called under the
trees at Sutter Creek which voted to form the county of Amador, and since that
time he has made the county his home, never changing his address through
the past fifty years. In 1850 he brought to the county the first seed wheat and
barley ever introduced here, making an experiment at grain-growing. This
formed the nucleus of the great grain-growing industry in this section of the
state. At all times he has been the advocate of progress and improvement
as well as reform, and no history of northern California would be complete
without the record of his life, so intimately has he been associated with the
work of advancement. He built the first brick building in Amador county,
and during twenty-five years of the most prosperous epoch in the history of
Drytown he was the owner of a mercantile establishment there, receivmg
gold dust most of the time in exchange for the commodities which he handled.
The gold dust he shipped to the mint in San Francisco, where it was converted
into currency. His efforts as a merchant were continued with excellent suc-
cess, and the money which he made he expended largely in his temperance
work, meeting all the expenses of his travels and lectures.

^Monday, August 6, 1855, marks the date of the atrocious Rancheria mur-
der, the story of which is briefly told in the life of George Fisher, who was a
conspicuous figure in trying to prevent the wholesale slaughter of citizens in
Drytown and Rancheria. It must be remembered, however, that Mr. Clark was
one of the most active citizens in trying to subdue this outlaw band, and his
hospitable nature caused his home to be the rendezvous for many women and
children, where they had fled for safety. The following day, when terror
reigned supreme, when reason and judgment were supplanted by vengeance
and retaliation by the strong hearts of men that were bleeding with sympathy
for their friends who had been so cruelly murdered, it was the voice of the
excited and enraged citizens to drive out entirely the Mexican population of
that locality, claiming that they had shielded the secret of the murder. At this
junction, while ropes were around the necks of some of the victims, Mr.
Clark jumped upon a stump and in a moment secured the attention of his au-
dience and in a few well directed words pleaded that they not act hastily, that
they select a judge and jury and collect evidence against these men and be thus
convinced that they were not hanging innocent men. He was successful in
bringing about a more equitable fechng, and as a result only three were
hanged. A few who were bent on the total annihilation of the ]\Iexicans were


active in causing a bitter feeling against Air. Clark, charging him with being
friendly to the Mexicans, which nearly caused Air. Clark to lose his life.

In 1844 Air. Clark was united in marriage to Aliss Julia R. Applebee, of
Ottawa, Illinois, a niece of Senator Sanger, and to them was born a son, H. O.
Clark, who is now a piano dealer in San Francisco. For forty-two years
Mrs. Clark was to her husband a faithful companion and helpmeet on life's
journey, but in 1886 she was called to her reward. She was a true wife and
loving mother, a devoted Christian woman, and her loss was mourned by all
who knew her. In 1888 Mr. Clark was again married, his second union being
with Mrs. AI. C. Dennis, a widow, and by her first marriage she had four chil-
dren, three of whom are living. Her maiden name was Aliss Fenwick, and she
is a representative of a family of great respectability. Her youngest son, Ed-
ward S. Dennis, is now living at home with his mother and assists Air. Clark
in the care of the farm, thus relieving him of much labor in his advanced years.
Although he has passed the eighty-third milestone on life's journey, our sub-
ject is yet hale and healthy, and his excellent health he attributes to his absti-
nence from the use of intoxicants and to his careful husbanding of his mental
and physical powers. His vigorous old age is certainly a strong argument in
behalf of temperance principles. Of course he gives his political support to the
Prohibition party. He has gained that broad knowledge and true wisdom
which only travel and experience can bring, is a man of high intellectuality,
broad human sympathies and tolerance, and imbued with fine sensibilities and
clearly defined principles. Honor and integrity are synonymous with his
name, and he enjoys the respect, confidence and high regard of the community.

On October 20, 1875. his personal friend and brother. General A. AI.
Winn, the author and founder of the "Native Sons of the Golden West," at a
meeting of the Sons of Temperance held in San Francisco, presented Air.
Clark with a beautifully engraved gold-headed cane, an oft'ering from the
members of the grand division, and was requested to wear it as a memento
of their high appreciation of his moral worth.


Among the California pioneers of 185 1 there is no one more highly
esteemed than the popular public official, John Alonahan, the subject of this
sketch. He was born in Ireland, in the county of Tyrone, December 25,
1832. His parents were Roger and Bridget (Goodwin) Alonahan, natives
of Ireland and devoted adherents of the Catholic faith. They became the
parents of five children, the mother dying at the age of forty-five, but the
honored father lived to the advanced age of ninety.

In his native land John Alonahan received his education and when thir-
teen years old, in 1845, he left Ireland for America, where he learned the
trade of machinist in Sing Sing, New York. When he had accumulated
a sufficiency he sailed for California, where he arrived in April, 185 1, and
was soon w^orking in San Francisco at his trade, finding a good opening
at the establishment of the Donahue Brothers, now the Union Iron \\"orks.


On Cliristnias clay of tliat year lie came to Sonora, Init returned to San
Francisco, coming back to tiie former city two months later, since which
time he has made his home here. In 1852 Mr. Monahan engaged in mining,
first visiting Columbia, working placer ground until the water gave out,
when he went to Jacksonville on the Tuolumne river and was very successful,
as at one time he took out a nugget valued at one hundred and ten dollars, and
with two companions he worked in the Tuolumne river for a time, when the
find was eight ounces per day, averaging sixteen dollars an ounce. He also
was employed until the fall of 1859 as an engineer in some of the mountain
sawmills of the region.

For eight and one-lialf years following liis location in Sonora, Mr.
Monahan was engaged in the livery business, in partnership with A. A.
\Vhipple, becoming also interested in other lines. For si.x years he served
as a constable and acted as stage agent between Stockton and Sonora, in
which latter position it became his duty to capture several stage robbers and
secure their conviction and punishment. So efficiently did he perform all
the duties of his position that he was later honored by election to the office
of deputy assessor, under John A. S. Troutt for three years, and in 187S
he was appointed the assessor of the county for one year, to fill out the unex-
pired term of said Troutt. He was then elected county assessor and since
that time he has been re-elected for six successive terms, never having had an
opponent against him for the nomination in the Republican ranks, on account
of his personal popularity, the people believing so completely in his justice
that he was always re-elected, defeating many popular Democratic candi-
dates, and is still the county assessor. Our subject is a member of the Repub-
lican party and feels it to be an honor to have voted for John C. Fremont,
in 1856. In order to cast this vote for the man he so sincerely admired, Mr.
Monahan was obliged to make a trip into the mountains where he had left
his bag containing his naturalization papers. The rats and squirrels had
committed depredations and destroyed all of his belongings except his natur-
alization papers, which he yet has in good condition.

Our subject was married July 9, i860, to Miss Catherine Fahey, a
native of Ireland, a daughter of Patrick Fahey. Her family had emigrated
to Canada wdien she was three years old, lived a time in Vermont and
she came to California in 1858. Mr. Monahan is the fortunate possessor of
an accomplished and intelligent daughter, Mary R., who is his efficient deputy.
Socially he is connected with the A. O. U. \V. and the Chosen Friends, being
active in both organizations. He counts his friends by the number of inhabi-
tants, all of whom wish him long life and prosperity.


Francis Joseph Locher, of the firm of lUut &• Locher, wholesale and
retail grocery and provision dealers at .\utnnn, California, is one of the
prominent and enterprising business men of the town. For a period of
thirty-five years he has been a resident of California, and since 1875 he has


maintained his home in Auliurn. A brief sketch of his Hfe is lierewith

Francis J. Locher was born in Grass Lake, Jackson county, Michigan,
on the 22d of December, 1841, of Swiss descent. His parents, Francis J.
and Martha (Holderum) Locher, were born in Switzerland and New Jersey,
respectively, and it was in 1834, when a young man, that his father came
to this country, stopping first in New York. In 1837 he removed to Mich-
igan and settled at Grass Lake, where he became a prominent and influential
farmer, and where he spent the rest of his life and died, his death occurring
in 1875, at the age of seventy-eight years. His widow survives him and
still resides at the old homestead, where they settled in 1837. They had
seven children, all of whom are living.

The third born in the above family was Francis J. His boyhood days
were passed on his father's farm, assisting in the work of the farm in summer
and in winter attending public school. At the age of twenty-one lie started
out in life on his own responsibility, and on leaving the farm went first to
the iron and copper mines in Marquette and Ontonagon, Michigan, where he
remained a short time, going thence to Stillwater, Minnesota. At the last
named place he engagecl in the lumber business, and remained there until
1865, the year he came to California. His trip to this state was made via
the Isthmus route, the Atlantic voyage in the Costa Rica, the Pacific, in the
Golden Age. From San Francisco he went direct to Sacramento and thence
to Bath, Placer county, where he was engaged in hydraulic and drift mining,
working for three dollars a day. Subsequently he went to Truckee, where
he was employed to haul logs. Thus he was occupied during the summers
and in the winter he went to Silvan in the Sacramento valley, where he
became the owner of one hundred and sixty acres of land which he took
from the government. After several years spent on his farm, he returned to
the mines at Bath and again engaged in mining, this time as part owner
of the Greek claim, out of which he made some money.

In 1875 he came to Auburn and turned his attention to work at the car-
penter's trade, and from 1875 ""^'1 1883 was engaged in contracting and
building. The last named year he became associated with Mr. Burt in the
grocery and provision business, and from the first has prospered in this enter-
prise. They do both a wholesale and retail business in all kinds of groceries
and provisions and also handle hay and grain, and their success ma}- be
attributed to their keen business insight, their liberal and honorable methods
and their uniform courtesy.

Mr. Locher was happily married in 1875 to Miss Marian E. Mitchell, a
native of New York. Three children came to bless their union. — .\Il)ert
J.. Edward \\\ and Carrol D.. — and for nearly twenty-five years the home
circle was unbroken. October 18, 1899, death claimed the beloved wife
and mother. Of Mrs. Locher it is said by those who knew her best that
she was a most estimable woman, kind and amiable and devoted to her

Mr. Locher has been a member of the Alasonic fraternity since 1867.

Online LibraryChicago Standard Genealogical Publishing CompanyA Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away → online text (page 16 of 108)