Chicago Standard Genealogical Publishing Company.

A Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away online

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Online LibraryChicago Standard Genealogical Publishing CompanyA Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away → online text (page 23 of 108)
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retnrned to his Kentucky home, which was about twelve miles from Lex-
ington. On the i6th of August, 1834, he started with his family for Mis-
souri. They spent a month on the road, making the trip in wagons. There
were eleven white people and eleven slaves in the party and eventually they
reached their destination in safety. The father died in ^lissouri, in 1869.
and the mother in 1874, each being eighty-three years of age at the time
of their death. They held membership in the Christian church, with which
Mr. Holladay united in 1810, his wife in 1841. They were the parents of
eleven children, all of whom were born in Clark county, KentuckVj with the
e.xception of Alargaret, the youngest, whose birth occurred in Pike county,
^Missouri. Seven of the number are yet living, — three sons and four daugh-
ters. The sons, Samuel \\., Lewis and Owen, aged respectively eighty-two.
seventy and sixty-seven years, have never been married, and they now
reside together upon the old home farm in Pike count}-, Missouri, where
they have lived for sixty-five years. The place comprises five hundred and
ten acres of rich and valuable land, unsurpassed by any farm in the blue-
grass region of Kentucky. ' The daughters living are Mrs. Martha Jane
Purse, of Kansas City; Mrs. Emily Crutcher, of Bowling Green, Missouri:
]\[rs. Margaret J. Smith, who is living near Cyrene, Missouri; and ^L"s. Sarali
Pritchett. of Montgomery county, same state. Those who have passed away
are James W'., Mrs. Mary Crutcher. ]Mrs. X. A. Hickman and Mrs. Eliza
Ann Crutcher. — the last mentioned being the mother of the subject of this
article. J. W. Crutcher, whose name introduces this review, was reared
under the parental roof until nineteen years of age and pursued his education
in a district school near his home and later in Watson Seminary, in Ashley.
Pike county. Missouri.

In 1863, at the age of twenty-one years, he caiiie to California, crossing
the plains to Sacramento, where he arrived in December of that year. On
January i. i8()_i, he went to Placer county and took charge of a turnpike
road which was at that time the property of Jefferson Wilcoxson, of Sac-
ramento, where he remained until the spring of 1868, during this period
living alone and doing his own cooking and washing. He then returned
to Sacramento, and in the fall and winter of that year he took a course
in the Pacific Business College in San Francisco. In February, 1869. he
returned to Sacramento and took a position in the office of Jefferson Wil-
coxson. his former employer, where he remained until the summer of 1870.
when he went to Jacksonville, Oregon, and where he secured a position as a
bookkeejier in the store of Major J. T. Glenn. Remaining there until the
summer of 1874. he returned to the Golden state, locating at Jacinto in
Colusa county, where he became the bookkeeper for Dr. H. J. Glenn, with
whom he remained until \Hj(h Tn October of that year he located at Will-
iams, where he established a grocery store, successfully conducting that enter-


prise until the fall of i8q6, when he sold out and for two years thereafter
he had no business except that of notary public and insurance.

On the 3d of June, 1875, Mr. Crutcher was united in marriage to Anna
E. Houchins, near Jacinto, in Colusa county, a native of Missouri, and to
them were Ix^rn twelve children, but three are now deceased. Those living
are Clarence \V., born IMarch 19, 1876; Samuel Earl, March i, 1881 ; Leona,
October 17, 1882; Ella, June 11, 1884; James W., Jr., November 17, 1885:
Ever-tt Crawford. September 25, 1889; Harry Houchins, October 23, 1890;
Glenn Ellis, October i, 1892; and Anabel, January 19, 1895. Those
deceased are Edward W'allar, born January 15, 1878, and died November
28, 1878; Essie Glenn, born October i, 1879. and died July 2. 1888; and
Leonard, born March 10. 1888, and died Xovemlier 4. 1888. Those living
are all vet at hnnie. and one son, Clarence \\'.. is ser\ing as deputv c^untv

Mrs. Crutcher is a daughter of Samuel Houchins, now deceased.
Samuel Houchins was a native of Mercer county, Kentucky, born January
14, 1827. In 1844 he entered Bacon College, ait Harrodsburg, Kentucky,
and remained in that institution four years. In 1849 he married Miss
Belinda Burks, a nati\-e of Kentucky, and in the following year removed
to Monroe county. Missouri, locating near Paris, the county seat. He
came to Colusa county in 1872, was elected superintendent of schools in
1875, holding that office by re-election until 1882, and in 1888 was elected
auditor of Colusa county and re-elected in 1890 and continued to hold that
office up to the time of his death. May 27. 1892.

The first office that Mr. Crutcher filled was tliat of justice of the peace
in Williams, in the years 1877 and 1878. He has never been an aspirant
to]- political honors, and with that exception never sought preferment along
political lines until 1898, when he was elected county clerk and recorder.
He is still serving in that position and is a most capable official. In politics
he has always been a stanch Democrat since casting his first presidential
A'ote for George B. McClellan. Socially he is connected with the Masonic
fraternity, and his wife is a member of the Christian church. They are
l)rominent people of the community in which they make their home, enjoving
the high re.gard of many warm friends, and in this volume thev well deserve
mention as worthy citizens in this section of the state.


For the third time Daniel Oliver Baker has filled the office of countv
auditor, and no higher testimonial of his capable service can be given. An
incompetent man may be elected to office, but the good sense of the Amer-
ican people does not permit of his retention in such a place, and when twice
re-elected by popular ballot it is an unmistakable indication that Mr. Baker's
service has been credita1)le to himself and .satisfactory to his constituents.

Mr. Baker was born in Linn county. Missouri. March 28. 1855. In
1864 the family went across the plains in wagons to Linn county, Oregon.


where tliey remained for four years. In 1868 they removed to Colusa county,
CaHfornia. He spent the first eighteen years of his life on his father's farm,
assisting in the work of the fields from the time that he was old enough to
guide a plow. He became a resident of Colusa county at the age of fourteen.
A few years later he accepted a clerkship in the town of Colusa, occupying that
position for three and a half years. \t the age of twenty he accepte(l another
position in which he remained for two and a half years, and later he returned to
the farm upon which his brother and family were living. In 1877 he served
for five months as a bookkeeper for a miller, and in the latter part of 1878 he
broke his leg, which prevented him from engaging in active business for a
time. In 1879 he went to Shasta county, where he was employed on a ranch,
and for six years he was in the service of ilr. Peart, of Grand Island. In Jan-
uary, 1890, he went to Maxwell, where he engaged in clerking for three years,
and in the spring of 1892 he was made a candidate for county auditor of
Colusa county, on the Democratic ticket. The election returns showed that
he was a popular choice for that office, for he received a majority of two hun-
dred and fifty. On the expiration of the term he was again nominated, and
so acceptably had he served that at the second election he received a majority
of thirteen hundred. In 1898 he was once more chosen for the office, by a
majorit}- of four hundred, and is now filling the position. He is quite promi-
nent in political circles and is a recognized leader in the ranks oi tlie party in
the community.

While on Grand Island Air. Baker was united in marriage on the i6th of
November, 1881. to Miss Ada Winship, wiio was born on a ranch at Grand
Island and was eighteen years of age at the time of her marriage. They now
have three children living, — Agnes V., Percy W. and Bernie. They also lost
one child, who died at the age of three months.

Mr. Baker is an active member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel-
lows and is also a valued representative of the Foresters and the Ancient Order
of United Workmen. His wife holds membership in the Christian church,
and Deborah ( Rebekah degree) Lodge, No. 7, and like her husband enjoys the
high regard of many friends. The family possess considerable musical ability
which is highly appreciated in the church choir. During the greater part of
his lifie Mr. Baker has resided in Colusa county and has always commanded
the respect of those with whom he is •associated. In his business dealings he
has been honorable and straightforward and in social life he possesses many
qualities that render him pojuilar and a favorite among his friends.


Jal)ez Turner is one who through many years lias been identified with
the industrial interests of Sacramento, now occupying a responsible position
in tiie service of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, as foreman of the
wood-working department in the locomotive shoos of that company. His
residence in California covers a period of thirty-five years. He is a native
of England, liis birth having occurred in Northamptonshire, near the town


of Kettring. on the 2^ih nf Octoljer. tSj8. His parents were George and
Amy (Panter) Turner, who lived together for fifty-seven years and seven
months. They had fourteen children, twelve of whom reached years of ma-
tirrity, one sister and one brother passing away in early childhood. The la-
the was a grazier and dealt extensively in cattle. Tlie early history of the
family is only known through tradition, but it is lieliexed that for many gen-
erations the ancestors of our subject were born and lived in Xorthampton-
shire and were representatives of the Puritan sect.

Mr. Turner, of this review, received but limited educational privileges,
but throughout his life he has read and studied, and possessing an observ-
ing eye and retentive memory he has added largely to his fund of knowledge,
becoming a well informed man. He left the schoolroom when a youth of
fourteen to become an apprentice at the trade of carpentering and joining,
and when his term was completed he assumed the management of a small
maiuifacturing business for his widowed sister. Three years later she died
and the business was closed out. 'W.r. Turner then determined to emigrate
to tiie United States, for he had heard favorable accounts of the opportuni-
ties and advantages afforded ambitious young men in the new world. He
sailed from Liverpool on the 8th of August, 1852. and arrived in New York
on the 20th of September. He made his way to Schenectaday, that state,
where he had a brother living, and about the 1st of June, 1853, removed to
Syracuse, Xew York, where he was employed in railroad shops until Sep-
tember, 1854. At that date he became a resident of Hamilton, Canada, and
was made the foreman of a railroad shop, a position which he acceptably
tilled until April, 1859, when he went to Grand Rapids, Michigan. In Oc-
tober of that year he removed to Torch Lake, which is east of Grand Tra\-
erse Bay, but the following spring returned to the railroad shops in Syra-
cuse. New York, being thus employed until October, 1862, when he removed
to Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin. On account of his wife's failing health, how-
ever, he once more went to New York, in May, 1863, there remaining until
the 1st of April, 1864, when he came to California, by way of the isthmus

Through the intervening years ]\[r. Turner has been actively connected
with the industrial interests of this state, and belongs to that class of rep-
resentative American citizens who, while advancing their individual pros-
perity, aid in promoting the general welfare. He was employed in San
Francisco until September, 1864, when, on the 8th of that month, he sailed
for Honolulu, landing on the island on the 25th. There he had charge of
the erection of a sugar mill, built for the owner of one of the first large
plantations on the island of Oahu. On the 2d of March. 1865, he again
sailed for this country, reaching the Golden Gate on the 25th of the month.
On the 1st of April, following, he entered the employ of the San Francisco
& .\lameda Railroad Company, and was in that service until the road became
a part of the property of the Central Pacific Railroad Company, with which
he continued until November 14, 1871. At that time he was transferred
to the shoj)s in Sacramento and given his present position as foreman of the


\vu(5cl-\vorker.s in tlie Icicom(iti\e department. For almost tliirty-five years
he has been connected with this railroad company and its predecessor, — a
fact which stands in iinmistakalile e\itlence of his mechanical and executive
ability and his fidelity to duty.

On the i6th of June, 1852, in the land of his nativity, Mr. Turner was
united in marriage to Elizabeth Daniels, who accompanied him on his emi-
gration to the new world. During their residence in Syracuse a daughter
was born to them, on the 2d of December, 1853, and they became the par-
ents of a son in Hamilton, Canada, on the 6th of June, 1856, fjut the mother and
child soon died. The daughter, now Mrs. Emma Norton, is living in San Fran-
cisco. Mr. Turner was again married, August 10, 1857, his second union
being with Miss Elizabeth Mann. The wedding was celebrated in Syracuse,
New York, and in Hamilton, Canada, on the 2d of October, 1858, a son,
Ralph, was born to them. He has for nine years been a resident of Honolulu.
The mother died in Syracuse, in July, 1863, and on the 2d of July, i8()6,
Mr. Turner wedded Miss Nancy Phelps, in San Francisco. In 1813 her
paternal grandparents removed from New Hampshire to Ohio, and in the
early '50s her parents came to California, where they completed a happy mar-
ried life of fifty-one years. Mr. and ]\Irs. Turner now have four children:
Amy. born June 6, 1867: Lucy, born June 25, 1869; Frederick, born March
13, 1872; and Sidney, born October 9, 1878.

]\Ir. Turner is widely recognized as one of the leading and influential
citizens of Sacramento. He was elected the mayor of the city in ^^larch,
1878, on what was known as the State ^Vorkingmen■s ticket. He served
for three years, and his administration was a progressive one, many reforms
and improvements being put in operation under his direction. He is not
strictly partisan and feels that he is not bound by any party ties, yet he is a
man of decided convictions on all questions affecting the welfare and per-
manence of our republican institutions. He is now serving as a director of
the Sacramento Free Library and the Sacramento Building & Loan Associa-
tion. He belongs to no secret, political or social societies excepting a whist
club. At all times he is recognized as a public-spirited and progressive man
who gives his loyal supix)rt to every movement calculated to prove a public
benefit. He was reared in the austere faith of Calvinism, but has long since
evolved a creed satisfactory to himself of vmfettered thought in the matter
of religion. He expresses his belief in the following words: "To my view
life with all its concomitants is bounded l)y earthly existence, 'and all be-
yond is barred to human ken.' "


James IMcCauley, a very highly respected California pioneer of 1849
residing at lone, was born in Virginia, on the 4th of January, 1828. at the
head waters of the Roanoke river in Montgomerv ccnmty. He is of Scotch-
Irish lineage, his grandparents having renio\ed from Scotland to the county
of Ulster, Ireland, whence representatives of the name came to America in


17JO, locating in Xew Hampshire, wliere the grandfather of our suljject was
1)1 >rn and resided for many years, there raising his family. He fought in the
IvcMiJutionary war, valiantiy aiding the colonists in establishing American
intlependence. John JMcCaule}-. the father of our subject, was born in New
Hampshire and removed to \'irginia when a young man. In the latter state
he married iNIiss Cynthia Robinson, who was born in the Old Dominion.
In the county of his adoption Mr. ^IcCaulev became a man of much influence
and was a recognized leader in the Democratic party. He was a warm friend
of William Smith, the governor of Virginia, and of Hon. Ballard Preston,
who serxed as the secretar}' of the navy under President Taylor. He was
born in 1795 and died during the period of the Civil war, at the age of sixty-
eight years. By his first marriage he had four children and by his second
marriage eight.

Mr. McCauley. of this re\iew, was the eldest son and second child of
the first marriage. His ninther died in the thirty-second year of her age.
She was a dexi.ut ^leth<idist and an earnest Christian woman who had the
warm regard of all with whom she was associated. In the academy at Salem,
Roanoke county, Mr. James McCauley acquired his education.

He had just attained his majority wdien the discovery of gold was made
in California, attracting to the Pacific slope hundreds of men from all parts
of the countrx". He joined a joint stock company and with mule teams they
crossed the plains, reaching their destination after a tiresome journey of
one hundred days. Although the trip was a tedious one they were unmo-
lested liy the Indians, nor did they experience many of the trials wdiich fall
to the lot of emigrants. They arrived in Sacramento city, when it was only
a cam]i. Captain George Tyler, who conducted the company, and twenty-
nine others composed the party.

]\Ir. McCauley engaged in mining on the Yuba river, but was not suc-
cessful in his ventures there and returned to Sacramento. Later he went
to Placerville. where he made some money, although none of the miners
of that localit}- had any wonderful finds. They were all inexperienced and
concluded that the gold of the rivers and creeks must have lieen washed
down from some great gold bluff from the mountains, and he and others
went over on "a wild-goose chase" in search of the supposed gold blufifs.
After many tiresome days of trave.l they returned, reporting that they could
not find the great gold blufifs from which they had expected to take the precicnis
metal in large pieces. Subsequently they went to Georgetown. Mr. McCauley
loaned his money to Messrs. Tyler & Parrish, who engaged in taking sup-
l)lies eastward along the route over which the emigrants came. This was
an act of benevolence and at the same time a source of profit, for as they
neared their destination many of the emigrants were almost destitute, their
sup])lies ha\-ing given out.

Later Captain Tyler and his comiianv became the owners of the Hardy
laiifl grant and Mr. McCauley worked for them, taking care of cattle on
Cache creek. He was with them two years and then engaged in farming
six hundred acres of land at Cacheville until 1856. In that venture he made


some money liy the raising of stock and crops, h\\\. lost mucli of this, and
when his funds were ahnost exhausted he was elected the assessor of Yolo
county, in which office he served for four years. He then engaged in con-
ducting a hotel in Clarksville, in Eldorado county, and when three years had
passed he came to Amador county, where, on the O ranch, he began raising
deciduous fruits. In that business he met with good success. In 1873 he
took up his abode in lone, where he again conducted a hotel, being the pro-
I)rietor of the Arcade Hotel and later the Commercial Hotel, which he con-
<lucted until 1892, when he retired from active business, having in the mean-
time acquired a handsome competence that supplied him with all the com-
forts and many of the luxuries of life. At one time during his business
career in California he met with a serious loss by fire, which seriously crip-
pled him financially, but with characteristic energy he began the task of re-
trieving bis lost possessions and his labors were at length croAvned with

In 1868 Air. McCauley became a member of the Independent Order of
Odd Fellows and has since been one of its \alued workers, holding various
offices and at the present time serving as the financial secretary of the lodge
at lone. He is a man of superior intelligence and has done some literary
work in connection with various journals. He is a very kind-heartied man,
generous almost to a fault, and greatly to his credit can it be said that while
he was born in the south and many of his friends were in the Confederate
army during the Civil war, he was a loyal advocate of the Union cause,
strongly upholding the central government at Washington. At that time
he allied his interests with the Republican party and has since faithfully
worked in its ranks. He served for one term as a justice of the peace and
is at present holding the same position. At one time was nominated for
the state legislature, but through a division in the party was defeated.

In 1857 Mr. McCauley was united in marriage to J- E. W'inchel. a
nati\e of Illinois. She is a member of the Presbyterian church and all of
the family attend that church and take an active interest in its work. The
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. McCauley has been blessed with five children, and
the family circle yet remains unbroken by the hand of death. Their children
are Florence, nmv the wife of Dr. A. L. Adams, a prominent physician of
lone: Calla. the wife of C. M. Wooster. of San Jose; Gladys, at home; Lena.
the wife of J. M. IMaddox, of Sacramento: and Erma. who is with her par-
ents. The family is one of ])rominence in the community and the memliers
of the household occujjy leading positions in social circles.


There are not many California pioneers of 1850 remaining in the state.
Most of them have died : others have moved away. Louis Davidson, one
of the oldest merchants at Mokelumne Hill, is one of the few citizens of that
town who have lived in the state half a century. Mr. Davidson is a native
of Prussia and a son of Hersh and Gertrude (Gerson) Davidson, both of


whom were born and passed tlieir days tliere, liis father dying in his seventy-
eighth year, his mother in her seventy-fifth year. Hersh and Gertrude (Gerson)
Davidson had four sons and a daughter. One of their sons, i\Ieyor Davidson,
is a cloak manufacturer at San Francisco.

Louis Davidson was educated in Prussia and reared in the Hebrew faith.
He came to New ^'ork at the age of sixteen years and secured a position as
a clerk in a store, handling general merchandise, and later was given charge
(if a mercantile house at EJmira, New York. In lS^o he sailed from New-
York, en route for California, and had a somewhat rough passage at the
outset. He and his companions crossed the isthmus of Panama on foot
and had to wait long for a vessel bound for San Francisco, He had man-
aged to save eight hundred dollars and it cost him the whole amount to land
un California soil. He came direct to Mukelumne Hill and opened a prim-
itive store in a tent, in which a few articles of merchandise were displayed
on a line, somewhat as clothing is hung out to dry.

Mokelumne was then a lively mining town and he sold goods right along
a:t a paying profit and was able to add to his stock; but he was obliged to
give credit, more or less, and in that way lost some money. In 1856 the
business part of the town was burned and his enterprise was completely
wiped out of existence. At two o'clock p. m. on the day of the fire he was
(in the stage going for new stock. He conducted business in a tent, while
liuilding a new store on the site of his old one, and was prosperous until 1873,
when his store was again burned, and, although he had fifteen thousand clol-
lars insurance, he lost heavily. He at once built the store in which he has
since carried on his trade, and his career has been one of almost uniform suc-
cess. His store is not now large enough to accommodate his large stock,
and he constantly draws upon an extensive reserve stock stored in several
large warehouses near by.


(ieorge E. Mitchell is a citizen in wIk.mii the residents of Placer county
ha\-e seen fit to place their trust, and he is now serving in the office of asses-
S(ir, and in the discharge of his duty he is capable, prompt and notably reliable.
He was born in this county, near Newcastle, on the 9th of April, 1863, and
is a son of John Henry Mitchell, a prominent early settler of Placer county,

Online LibraryChicago Standard Genealogical Publishing CompanyA Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away → online text (page 23 of 108)