Chicago Standard Genealogical Publishing Company.

A Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away online

. (page 92 of 108)
Online LibraryChicago Standard Genealogical Publishing CompanyA Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away → online text (page 92 of 108)
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underlie Christianity, and which have been the uplifting power among men
through almost twenty centuries. In manner he is modest and unassuming,
and, while we wish to enter upon no fulsome encomium, yet the commendation
for his fidelity and principles, his honorable business career and his pleasing
qualities in social life will be but the reiteration of the judgment passed upon
him by his fellow men.


Mark McCormick, who is the owner of a large ranch in the Milton dis-
trict of Calaveras county, was born in Ovid, Seneca county. New York, on
the 27111 of March, 1822. His paternal grandfather, David McCormick, was
a native of Edinburg, Scotland, and on taking up his abode in the new world
located in Ovid, New York. When the colonies, no longer willing to stand
the oppression of the mother country, entered upon a war to sever all
allegiance to Great Britain, he joined the army and loyally fought for the
independence of the nation. He lived to enjoy the freedom of the republic
for a long period, passing away at the verv advanced age of one hundred and
five years, while his wife lived to be ninety years of age. They were Presby-
terians in religious faith and were people of the highest respectability. Their
son, Alexander McCormick. the father of our subject, was born in Ovid, New
York, and as a companion and heli^mate on life's journey he chose Miss Polly
Nichols, a lady of Pennsylvania-Dutch ancestry, born in the Keystone state.
In 1847 they removed to Michigan, settling in Washtenaw county, where
they spent their remaining days, the father dying at the age of seventy-four,
while his good wife attained the ripe old age of eighty-five. They were the
parents of fi\e children.


Alark McCormick, the only survivor of the family, was educated in the
common schools of the Empire state and his identification with California's
interests came through his desire to gain a fortune in the gold fields. In order
to reach the Pacific coast he sailed on the Ohio and ^Mississippi ri\-ers and
gulf of ^lexico to the isthmus of Panama, where he took passage on the
George Law. which afterward sunk oft Cape Hatteras anci all on hciard
were lost, together with much treasure, which was being taken to the
east. At the time that Mr. McCormick made the voyage there were ten
hundred and twenty-five passengers aboard the vessel, and a first-cabin pas-
sage cost him three hundred dollars. He arrived in San Francisco on
the 9th of March, 1851, and went directly from that city to Stockton. He
began mining at Boston Bar, on the Calaveras river, and in eight months
he took out forty-two hundred dollars, ne\'er losing but one day in the
whole time. His partners recklessly expended their money, while he saved
his and was thus enabled to get a good start in business life. How-
ever, that fall he was taken ill and his doctor bills and other expenses
amounted to one thousand dollars. He continued to mine until 1854 and
then engaged in merchandising until 1856, making some money in that way.
In the spring of 1857 he returned to the east by water, and again by the water
route came to California, locating at Jenny Lind. In the collection of a
debt he was obliged to take a saloon ; but, not liking the business of running-
it, he soon sold out, going to Rich Gulch. Through the succeeding ten years
he engaged in mining on North Hill, and then turned his attention to other
pursuits, becoming a representative of the sheep-raising industry in 1871.
He was successfully connected with that enterprise for seventeen years, hav-
ing as high as three thousand sheep at a time. He made considerable money
and continued in the sheep-raising business until the election of President
Cleveland, when he sold his sheep and retired. He owns two thousand acres
of land, and on the place is a commodious and pleasant residence and many
of the most modern improvements. His fields are under a high state of cul-
tivation, and in addition ti) farming he is the owner of some valuable mining

In 1 88 1 jMr. McCormick was united in marriage to ^Mrs. Ellen Long,
the widow of Daniel Long. They have one daughter. Annie, wlio is, the wife
of ^^'illiam H. Perry and resides near her parents on land which Mr. McCor-
mick has given to her and her husband. Throughout his entire life Mr.
ilcCormick has made it his rule of action to do right to the best of his aliility
and his name is synonymous with integrity and honorable business trans-

He has been a life-long Republican and has been honored with several 1 ical
offices. He served as a supervisor for f<nu- years, was a constable and for a
time a deinity sheriff for four years, during which time he proved himself a
most active and fearless officer, doing much to rid the county of the highway-
men and murderers that then infested it. Pie was an excellent shot and had
many battles with the lawless class, and on a number of occasions narrowlv
escaped with his life. At one time he came upon four desperate criminals. Pie


was alone, and before he could draw his revolver fifteen shots had been fired
at him. He decided to stand and fight, for if he ran he would likely be killed.
So he gave battle to the men. killed three of them and shot the fourth through
the body, but from the wound the man ultimately recovered. Mr. McCormick
also was injured. His hat was pierced by a bullet and he was shot in the neck
just above the collar bone, while another bullet was imbedded in his hip. Xi:>
time-tried veteran upon the field of battle has displayed greater braver}- in the
face of danger than did Mr. McCormick during his service as a deputy sherifl:'.
and it needed such men to subdue the lawless element which then menaced life
and property in the early days of California's development. He deserves the
gratitude of his fellow men, for his services were very valuable and recom-
mended him to the highest regard of all who recognized fidelity to law. In his
business affairs he has prospered, gaining that success which is the reward of
honorable effort. He is well and favorably known by the citizens of the
count}- and the pioneers of the state, and merits honorable mention among the
representati\'e men of the locality.


Honored and respected by all, there is no man in Sacramento who occupies
a more enviable position than Joseph E. Terry in mercantile and financial cir-
cles, not alone on account of the brilliant success he has achieved but also on
account of the honorable, straightforward business jwlicy he has ever followed.
He possesses untiring energy, is quick of perception, forms his plans readily and
is determined in their execution ; and his close application to business and his
excellent management have brought to him the high degree of prosperity which
is to-day his. It is true that he became interested in a business already estab-
lished, but in controlling and enlarging such an enterprise many a man of even
considerable resolute purpose, courage and industry would have failed: and he
lias demonstrated the truth of the 'saving that success is not the result of genius,
but the outcome of a clear judgment and experience.

Joseph Emmett Terry was born in Sacramento, California, December 2,
18^3, and is a representative of one of the oldest families of New England.
The ancestry can be traced back to Samuel and Ann (Lobdell) Terry, who re-
sided in Springfield, Massachusetts, at a very early period in the development of
the old Bay state. Samuel Terry was the founder of the family in America,
whither he came either from England or Ireland. His son, Ephraim Terr\-,
was a native of Kentucky and married Hannah Eggleston, also a native of that
state. Their 'Son, Samuel Terry, was born in Lebanon, Kentucky, July ji,
1709. He married Sarah Webster, who was born in Kentucky May 5. 1701,
and his death occurred on the i8th of January, 1798. His son, Elisha Terry,
was born August 8, 1743, and became the father of Truman Terry, whose birth
occurred in North Marlboro, Massachusetts, November 5, 1781. He followed
farming as a life occupation and died in Ischua, New York, March 12, i86r.
He wedded Ann Ball, who was a relati\e of George Washington. She was
born in Danville, Kentucky, May 16, 1783, and died in Ischua, January 14,


1839. Their son. Dr. Marsena Terry, was tlie grandfather of our suhject.
He was born in Homer, New York. April 15, 1804, and was for many years a
prominent physician of Steuben county, that state. About 1836 he removed
to Sheridan, Chautauqua county, New^ York, and later took up his residence in
the vicinity of Bath, Steuben county. He died in Waterford, New York, July
17, 1 89 1, at the age of eighty-seven years. He married Anna Mott, who was
born in Newburg, New York, in 1804, and died in Painted Post, that state,
August 18, 1867.

Wallace E. Terry, the father of our sul^ject, was born in Harford, Cort-
land county. New York, January i, 1832, and accomixmied his parents on vari-
ous removals during the period of his boyhood. He was reared principally in
Bath, Steuben county, and his education w-as completed in the academy at
Prattsburg and in Wesleyan Seminary at Lima, New York. He afterward en-
gaged in teaching for three terms in Campbell, same 'State, and having deter-
mined to make the practice of law- his life w'ork he prepared for that vocation
as a student in the ofifice of Barns & Bonham, at Bath. In January, 1852, while
in Judge Barns' office, he became interested in California and its possibilities,
Owing to favorable reports received from his brother-in-law, E. C. Thompson,
who had recently returned from that state and was organizing a small party
to visit the Pacific slope. Mr. Terry decided to accompany them and took pas-
sage on the new steamer. Sierra Nevada, on the first trip to the isthmus. After
being detained there for eleven days they proceeded on their way to San Fran-
cisco, arriving at their destination forty-two days after leaving New York.
The voyage from Panama was made on the old steamer New Orleans, which
carried a thousand passengers, twice as many as there were good accommoda-
tions for.

The party with which ]\Ir. Terry traveled proceeded on through Sacra-
ment to to Coloma and Georgetown, and at the latter place engaged in mining
for six months. JNlr. Terry's experiences were rather rough for a young man
who had thus far enjoyed the privileges of student life in the luxurious east.
In September the company dissolved and Mr. Thompson returned to the .Atlan-
tic coast, but Mr. Terry made his way to Sacramento. He there sufYered an
attack of typhoid fever, but, recovering, he engaged in'school-teaching at Wash-
ington, across the river from Sacramento, where he had thirty pupils, but a
disastrous fire occurred in November of that year, in which Sacramento was
almost entirely destroyed, and as many of his scholars came from that city his
school was thereby broken up. Plis next step was to accept a clerkship in the
office of L. P. Simpson, a lumberman on Second street, one of tlie principal deal-
ers in his line in the city. In his employ was another young man, Joseph F.
Friend, who had come to the west from Gloucester county. Massachusetts and
who had been imbued with the enterprising business spirit of New York city.
A friendship sprang up between the two young men, and believing that they
might conduct a prosperous business on their own account they rented a tract of
land op[)osite the Simpson yard, where they established business in 1853, under
tlie firm name of Friend & Terry. The history of this extensive enterprise is an
indication of the growth of the capital city, for their trade has increased cor-


respondingly with tlie de\'elopment of Sacramento. Before the partnership
Avas formed Air. Terr}- became interested in the Xew England sawmill, abcjut
nine miles above Auburn, which mill cut between three and four million feet of
lumber annually. It was this fact which led to the formation of the partnership
which continued through many years, and which resulted in the establishment
of one of the leading industrial concerns in central California. Seven years
after the firm was established they purchased a grant on the south side of M
street, between Front and Second streets, and removed their yards to that place.
The business proved profitable from the beginning and incidentalh- led to a
number of operations in other departments of trade. In 1855 the firm of
Friend & Terry w-as commissioned by San Francisco parties to buy hides, tal-
low and wool to export to New York, and during the next four years large
amounts of money passed through the hands of this firm for that purpose alone.
Men were sent out in every direction to ]iurchase this commodity, which had
received very little attention in the past — in fact had even been cast aside in
mining camps as being practically worthless. Later deer and bear skins, horns,
old copper and lead and even wild mustard seed were added to the first articles
they collected for shipment. These goods were sent to the east by vessels
M'hich rounded Cape Horn, wdiile every "prairie schooner" returning from the
mountains brought in more or less of the articles, with perhaps enough lumber
to make up a full return freight. At first the sum of one dollar each was paid
for a dry hide, but after a year or two English buyers entered the field and a
lively competition carried the price up to six and eight dollars. As the Xew
York houses could make no profit oft' of the hides purchased at that rate, the
business declined, but in the meantime the lumber interests of Friend & Terry
had assumed quite extensive proportions, and the firm had gained a place
among the leading lumber merchants of the state. When the Central Pacific
Railroad was in process of construction, between 1861 and 1868, this firm fur-
nished most of the material used by the corporation. Many million feet of
Oregon and redwood lumber, timber, piles, ties and telegraph poles were
brought up the river by sailing vessels, and with the powerful aid of steam iler-
ricks were transferred to waiting cars to be conveyed to the place where the
work was carried on.

In 1868 the firm acquired a leading interest in the Boca sawmill, witli a
large acreage of timber land in Nevada and Sierra counties, L. E. Doane \\.M-
ing the remaining interest. Boca is the Spanish word for mouth, and the
mill was so named from its location at the mouth of the little Truckee ri\er,
five thousand, five hundred and thirty-three feet above sea level. In Avinter it
was noticed that ice formed upon the pond which had been made to furnish
water-power for the mill to a thickness of from twelve to twenty inches, and in
the following year an ice house of eight thousand tons capacity was erected and
filled with the finest quality of natural ice. This was the first regular crop of
ice harvested in the state of California and placed upon the market, and the
establishment of this industry wrought a revolution in the ice trade of the state,
for previous to this time the American-Russian Commercial Company had
exercised an absolute monopoly of the business, bringing ice from Sitka and


pei-ha]3s one or two other points in Alaska, and retailed it for from five to twelve
cents per pound. The ice harvests of California naturally reduced this price,
and the quality of the cooling product was also superior to that brought from
the north. From time to time the ice works at Boca were enlarged and the
business soon assumed magnificent proportions. Other companies soon estab-
lished plants in this vicinity, but the ice belt was very narrow, as only from ten
to fifteen miles either to the east or west can ice be secured in sufficient quan-
tities to make the industry profitable. Long ago importations from the north
ceased, and railroads took the place of steamships in bringing the necessary
(juantity of ice to this state.

In the meantime the lumber business of the firm nf I'riend & Terr}- con-
tinued to increase. For fifteen years they imported eastern pine, which was
largely used in pattern-making, and also eastern oak and other hard wood,
which was used in construction and repairs upon river steamboats. In the
early days they likewise imported sash, doors and blinds, but at a later day
Oregon pine and native woods have taken the place of eastern lumber, and in-
stead of importation they now do an export business.

The partnership was continued uninterruptedly until the death of Mr.
Friend in 1871. LIr. Terry then continued alone for several years, and not
only successfully conducted the manufacture and sale of lumber but also ex-
tended the field of his operations, becoming financially and actively interested
in many enterprises which contribute largely to the growth and prosperity of
his section of the state. Gas works, woolen mills, box factories, street rail-
ways, insurance companies and other enterprises of more or less importance
to tlie city received his support and were guided by his counsels. In Novemljer,
1879. A. AI. Simpson, of San Francisco, one of the early and successful lumber
merchants, mill and ship owners, together with Messrs. Holt & Son, of Hum-
boldt county, who had extensive holdings in the Redwood district, became in-
terested with Mr. Terry in the lumber branch of his business, and a stock
company was formed in November of that year, under the name of the Friend
& Terry Lumber Company, with Mr. Terry as the president. The main office
and 3'ards continued to be on Second street, but they also established an exten-
sive yard on the corner of Twelfth and J streets, and became interested to a
great degree in Oregon redwood and sugar-pine mills. Under the capable
management of ^^'allace E. Terry the lumber business of the corporation as-
sumed importance and magnitude second to none in this section of California.
He also became the president of the Pioneer Box Company, which business
was inaugurated in 1874, by Matthew Cooke, the tlistinguished etymologist,
and in 1884 was incorporated by Mr. Terry and H. P. Martin, who in 1889
erected new- and additional works of large capacity on the river front, near T
street. Enomious quantities of sugar-pine and fir lumber were there converted
into crates, fruit baskets, boxes and packing cases of every description. The
])lant was supplied with the latest improved machinery and appliances used
for this purpose, and spur railroad tracks were built to ]>oth factories and ware-
houses to facilitate operations. Mr. Terry continued his connection witii tlie
ice business, and as the president of the Boca Ice Company he was largely in-


struuiental in forming tlie Union Ice Company,\vhich was incorporated in 18S2,
with LloA'd Tevis as president. The organization was really a consoHdation of
the six principal ice companies in California, and the fact that strong animosity
had arisen during the prolonged and bitter war for supremacy made the task
of uniting them very difficult of accomplishment. Mr. Terry's long, honorable
and extremely successful business career was ended in death, Decemeber 3.
1893. Perhaps no man in Sacramento has contributed more largely to the ma-
terial development and prosperity of the city than he. At all events he may be
classed among its founders, for it is to commercial activity that any community
owes its upbuilding and advancement. The beautiful capital stands as a mon-
ument to the enterprise and public spirit of such men, and no history of Sac-
ramento would be complete without the record of his life work.

Mr. Terry never sought or desired office. He kept well informed on tlie
issues of the day, and in early life was a Douglas Democrat, but for many
years voted for the Republican party. He served as alderman in 1857. but at
no other time would he consent to become a candidate for any political prefer-
ment. While his time was largely engrossed with the many and varied in-
terests of his business life, he was yet a man of domestic tastes and found his
greatest enjoyment when in the midst of his family at his own fireside. He
was married in San Francisco in i860, by Rev. Starr King, to Miss Laura A.
Morrill, who was born in Maine, and is still living in her beautiful home at the
corner of Thirteenth and X streets, in Sacramento. She is a daughter of Moses
and Abigail (Moore) ^lorrill, natives of New Hampshire. Her father was
for many years a teacher and died in Sebec, IMaine, at the age of ninety-one
years, while his wife passed away at the age of sixty-one years. In their family
were eleven children, all of whom reached the psalmist's span of three-score
years and ten.

Air. and Mrs. Terry liecame the parents of four children — ]\lay -\.. Laura
E.. Joseph E. and \\'allace Irving. The last named is a graduate of the State
University at Berkeley and of the Tolland INIedical College, and is now en-
gaged in the practice of medicine in San Francisco. He was married .Vnril
19, 1898, to Miss Mary Dudley.

• Joseph E. Terry, the elder son. has spent his entire life in Sacramento, and.
after putting aside his text-books became associated with his father in the lum-
ber business. He mastered the business in its various departments, and before
his father's death was made the manager and treasurer of the Friend & Terry
Lumber Company. His splendid business and executive ability well fitted him
for the position. In the control of its affairs he displayed sagacity and sound
judgment that enabled him to successfully guide its course, and the honorable
metliods which were instituted by his father and which have ever been followed
by him have gained for the corporation a reputation for reliability that is in-
deed enviable. In June, 1896 Mr. Terry purchased the extensive properties
of the Shasta Lumber Company, located in Shasta county, which is one of the
largest sugar and California white pine plants in the state, and he is now oper-
ating it under the firm name of the Terry Lumber Company. That he is a man
of resourceful abilitv is indicated bv tlie fact of his connection with manv other


industries and important enterprises, aside from his extensive luml)er interests,
and his capal)lc management has proved a vahied factor in tiiese concerns. His
energy is miliar;- ing, and luit one result can therefore follow. He is the presi-
dent i)f the Ten y Estate Company, and is so closely connected with many of
the commercial and industrial interests of the northwest that a detailed history
thereof would largely include a record of the business growth in this section of
the country. He is a director of the state board of agriculture, and he with-
holds his support from no measure or movement \\hich he believes will pr(>\"e of
public good.

'Slv. Terry was married on the 22d of April, 1888, to Miss Henrietta W'ein-
rich, a nati\'e of California, and they now have a son, Paul. Socially Mr.
Terry is connected with the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks and with
the Society of Native Sons of California. Personally he is the most genial of
men, and though his time is largely occupied with the details of his vast busi-
ness interests he always finds time and opportunity to devote to those of his
friends whose calls are purely of a social character. He is a fair exem])li-
fication of the typical American business man and gentleman.


A resident of Angel's Camp, Hr. Elmer William W'eirich has there gained
an enviable reputation as a prominent phj-sician and is now serving as the
health ofificer of Calaveras county. He is a native of Massillon, Ohio, born
on the 3d of March, 1866, and is of German lineage, his ancestors having
been early settlers of the state of Pennsylvania, where his father, Isaac W'eirich.
was born and reared. He remo\-ed to Massillon, Ohio, and was married there
to Miss Maria Everhard. Pie followed merchandising and also owned and
operated tlouring-mills. being actively identified with the business interests of
that place, of which he was one of the first settlers. In religious faith he is an
Episcopalian, is a public-si)irited and progressive citizen, and all who know
him esteem him for the excellence of his character. I le has two S(_ins and two

Dr. W'eirich is now the only member of the family in California. He was
in ])art educated in Ohio and afterward continued his professional education
in the Hahnemann Hospital Medical College, at San Francisco, in which insti-

Online LibraryChicago Standard Genealogical Publishing CompanyA Volume of memoirs and genealogy of representative citizens of northern California, including biographies of many of those who have passed away → online text (page 92 of 108)