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of Chinese, a few wild-looking Kakhyiens, a few Burmese, and
several Shans. Here are our future congregation. May the
Lord give us the patience, love, and power we shall need to live
and work amongst them.


Monday, Oct. i,th. — Our letter from the king, containing in-
stractions to the Woon-douk, or Burmese magistrate, to give the
missionaries a site for building on, and to offer them every assist-
ance in his power, having been forwarded to him, the Woon-
douk sent at 10 a.m. to say he was ready to see us.

Accordingly we walked up to his residence, which was a group
of Burmese bamboo houses surrounded by a high fence. We
ascended a flight of wooden steps, and leaving our shoes at the
top, stepped into the reception chamber, an open bamboo-floored

Seated on a mat was the Woon-douk, a pleasant -faced, intelli-
gent-looking Burman. Having shaken hands with him, we also
squatted down on some mats made of a kind of drugget. After
the usual compliments and introductory speeches, he told us we
had better look all over the place and let him know what ground
we should like for our compounds. We asked him where we
could stay for the present, and he told us there were some zayats
about and we could choose whichever we liked. Having thanked
him for his kindness we took our leave, being accompanied by
his clerk, who is able to speak English. We soon found a com-
paratively new zayat. It is a simple wooden shed, closed in on
all sides, and standing close to the road. This we have taken
and are about to move into it, until we have obtained a house of
our own. The Woon has ordered boats to come and take away
our things, and has issued instractions to the head man of the
district that we are not to be molested. The men are all fierce-
looking people, especially the Kakhyiens. They all carry ugly-
looking "dahs" or long knives for self-defence.


Tuesday, Oct. ^th. — We are settling into our new abode, which,
as I have already said, is a long wooden building. The side
facing the road is composed of eight wooden shutters, suspended
by iron hooks and rings from the upper beam. These shutters
open like flaps, and are kept up when open on bamboo poles.
The other three sides of the zayat are of wood with little
windows in them, which are mere openings with small shutters.
Unfortunately the roof leaks, and we find it difficult to write,
having no place free from droppings.

At one end of the room lie our three mattresses on the floor,
the musquito curtains suspended over them by cords. The
centre of the room is occupied by a large box containing Bur-
mese tracts, which serves as a table for writing and dining on —
around it are grouped our boxes, chairs, &c. The other end is
occupied by our servants, who use part of it as a pantry and

sleeping place. Many visitors are continually walking in upon
us without ceremony to examine our things and watch us at our
meals. At this moment the presence of eight or nine Poungees,
in long yellow robes, considerably interferes with my writing,
as they block up the light ; but I have not the impoliteness to
request them to retire.

The town measures about a mile and a-half from the south to
the north gate, but it is only a quarter of a mile (or even less)
broad at the widest part. It is surrounded on three sides by a
wooden fenceor stockade, which is in a most dilapidated condition,
so that in some places bullocks ean easily pass in and out.
There are three large wooden gates in this stockade, north,
south, and east. The west side is bounded by the river.

The Chinese Temple is the most substantial structure we have
seen in Bhamo — being built of burnt brick resembling grey
stone, and the roof covered with brick tiles.

Our hard work is now about to commence : we shall need all
your prayers for patience and strength, for health and preserva-
tion. How many prayers have already been answered, how
many yet remain to be answered? We shall soon together
rejoice, and praise God for all the way He has led us.

MB. JACKSON" writes :— "Mr. Williamson has just been
to T'ai-ping and baptized eight people there. I think you ought
to have a praise-meeting at Pyrland Road for what the Lord has
done, is doing, and will do if we labour in faith."

U DJIJN-YIAO says:— "Mr. Williamson or Mr.
Jackson will have told you about the Din-tsi members. I have
been there three years now, and, thank God, His Word has been
gradually prospering until now there are ten or more converts
and two inquirers. Of the Din-tsi members four are from
Yiang-fu-miao, a village five miles away ; they have just opened
a preaching-station in their own village that the Gospel may be
preached, and that they themselves may leam more of the Bible.
The rent they and I find between us. May we see much fruit !
I spend three days a week there and three at Din-tsi."

MB. CEOMBIE sends a very interesting letter telling of
two baptisms at T'ien-t'ai. We hope to insert further details in
a future number.

MB. WILLIAMSON, besides mentioning the eight
converts at T'ai-ping, tells us that on the 28th of May he bap-
tized two men at Din-tsi — one a middle-aged man living in the
neighbourhood, and the other a young man living at a village
some three miles away. He says that there are more in-
quirers at T'ai-ping, at Din-tsi, and also at Ky'-i-'6 and£en.

MISS WILSON writes from Wu-ch'ang : — " I am making
a little more sensible progress in Chinese. I had a pleasant after-
noon of visiting with Mrs. John and her eloquent Bible-woman.
Will you join us in prayer that we may have one. I might
begin visiting regularly, and gain much, and show love. I must
try a little by myself.

MB. JUDD sends some interesting details of work among
the villages, of which we hope to give an account in our next.
The Spirit of God seems to be working in the hearts of many.
Will friends pray that those who have heard the word may be
led to give up all for Christ, and may not be hindered by the
fear of man.

ceived good tidings from Aden from Mr. Taylor and party
(Misses Desgraz, Huberty, Crickmay, Home, Murray, and
Hughes, and Mr. A. IV. iVills). The voyage thus far had been
a quick and calm one ; all were well, and enjoying happy fellow-
ship together. We have also good tidings from Mr. and Mrs.
Rudland. Before this is in the hands of our readers they will
all be due in China, and will then especially need to be upheld
in prayer.

ME. AND MBS. C. T. FISHE. We are thankful to
announce that Mr. and Mrs. C. T. Fishe have just arrived in
England in safety.






[_Co7icluded from ;page 213.)


\Ve are awakened, before daylight has fully come on,
by the noise of the coolies who are unloading boats
moored by our side, under the wall of the city ; and thus
we find that while v.e were sleeping, the journey was com-
pleted. The boatmen suggest that we should lose no time
in taking ourselves and our effects off. If we are quick,
and they are successful in getting another fare without
delay, they will be down at the fork of the stream again
before the ebb has finished, and with the rise of the tide
be carried up to T'ai-chau.

It is right that we should seek to oblige them, for to
them time is money, and the very moderate amount they
have charged us for the journey would not be remunera-
tion were they to lose twelve hours. Accepting therefore
their willingly rendered help, we pack up our bedding,

NO. 18. — DECEMBER, 1876.

call for a porter to convey it, and going ashore enter
the well-built city. Its fine broad streets bespeak
prosperity, and the quietness with which we are able
to prosecute our journey tells us that, though it is
early morning, everyone is busy about his own affairs,
and has little time or inclination to indulge in idle curi-
osity. It would be otherwise in the afternoon ; with less
than half the people in the streets we should have more
than double the number of followers.

We reach the Mission house after a long walk, and
are warmly welcomed by our brother the native helper
here. He is most anxious to prepare us some breakfast,
but this we mil not allow him to do ; we will rather pro-
ceed to one of the native eating-houses, where, for the
cost of about IS., he and we may breakfast together in
much less time than it would take to cook a meal for our
benefit. The most fastidious would surely enjoy such a



breakfast as we can here procure. The rice is elean, and
the gravies which tliey prepare witli their various dishes
make it most tasty. We have, too, cabbage, carrot,
turnip, fried fish, and fried meat, hberally supplied for tlie
sum we have mentioned. Substantial as this meal is we
are fully prepared to do it justice. Living almost in the
open air — speaking in the streets and rest pavilions for
hours each day — spending a good deal of time too in
walking, all fits one for enjoying the simple and wholesome
diet that we can procure in most places ; and helps down
"too in a remarkable manner the fare of some country
districts, that under other circumstances would be far
from palatable.

We cannot do much in the morning, as everyone is
busily occupied, so we take the opportunity of walking
round tlie city and familiarizing ourselves with its extent
and peculiarities. We call also on two or three persons to
whom our native Christians introduce us, and are received
in a very friendly manner. The afternoon we are able to
spend to better advantage. Our mission hall is kept con-
tinually full, for as some go out others come in. It
requires considerable skill to improve the time under these
circumstances. A long disquisition would never do, as
few persons are able to stay for more than ten or twenty
minutes, and consequently we must seek to put forcibly,
importart points and important truths, illustrating them
as well as we are able. So doing, seed may be scattered
that will germinate and appear after many days. Such
has been our experience. The work at the next station
(Dien-tsi) was the result of God's blessing upon seed
sown in this manner in this city.

We take our evening meal with our native brother, and
then after a little prayer with him, leave by boat for Dien-
tsi, ten miles to the east of this city.

After a night's rest in the boat, we awake to find ourselves
in a large and important town called Lu-gyiao, about three
miles from Dien-tsi. Here again we breakfast in an eat-
ing house, where we leave our bedding and luggage, and
spend some time in selling a few portions of Scripture
and tracts to the market people, who assemble in large
numbers from the surrounding district. We are at once
recognized as belonging to the religion of Jesus ; for


Was a well known spot, and its conversion to a Chris-
tian chapel became the occasion of wide-spread remark,
and not a little enquiry. *

After a morning of special encouragement we set out
for Dien-tsi itself. The walk through the fields is most
refreshing. Scores of beautiful bamboo, camphor, and
tallow trees, and large orchards of oranges, which are one
of the staple productions of this valley, variegate the
appearance of the fields, which at this time of the year
are covered with wheat and beans.

At length we see the mission premises some little dis-
tance before us. They are surrounded, not by a wall,
but by a high hedge of bamboos, perhaps some twelve or
fifteen feet in height, and as we draw nearer, we find that
this hedge is again surrounded by a little moat full of
water — a protection far from uncommon in some parts of
the country, and which tells of troublous times in the past,
though all is so peaceful now.
I In front of the temple a well-stocked vegetable garden
fills up the enclosure, into which we have scarcely
entered before we are welcomed by the beaming face of
our Christian hostess, her husband having gone to the
market at Lu-gyiao. Some of the neighbours soon learn,
we scarcely know by what magic, of our arrival ; and by
them messengers are sent to the various native Christians,
of whom there are now, thank God, between a dozen and
twenty in connection with this out station.

We enter the little temple — no longer a temple for the
worship of false gods — and see the chair once occupied
by the " goddess of mercy," and the recesses in which the
idols that many have seen in England were formerly
placed to receive the adoration of the villagers.

Mrs. Ling strikes us as a model Chinese Christian
woman ; one whose appearance does not leave the im-
pression that the religion of Jesus is a melancholy sub-
stitute for heathenism. She evidently has not found it
so ; she most thoroughly believes in the hymn we often
sing, in China as well as in England :
" Happy day, happy day,
When Jesus washed my sins away."

She was at one time a Buddhist nun, and knows all
about that system ; and now (as she often tells the women
around her), though she does not yet know very much of
Christ, the little she does know she would not part with
for the world.

Here comes bur brother, the carpenter, from Lu-gyiao,
and with him DjUn-yiao, the evangelist. They learnt at
Lu-gyiao of our arrival, and have brought on all our
things, not intending if they can possibly help it to allow
us to go on. We must at least stop a week with them.
That being out of the question, at any rate we are to stay
over the Sunday. They tell us of so many villages that
must be visited, and of persons in an interested state of
mind here and there, whom it would never do to pass
by, that we allow ourselves to be persuaded to spend two
or three days with them. We occupy the mornings and
afternoons (after an early public service in the temple)
in visiting the neighbouring towns and villages ; and at
each place we are constrained to exclaim, " The fields are
indeed white to the harvest."

A couple of missionaries might be employed with the
greatest advantage at this one outstation, and it would
soon be a time of reaping rather than of mere sowing.
The Sunday we spend very much as the one was spent
in T'ai-chan a week ago. If some part of our congrega-
tion is less intelligent than that we had in the prefectural
city, they fully make up in attention and earnestness for
that deficiency. One cannot but feel that there are
many honest hearts and true, who are longing for some-
thing better than heathenism can give, and that labour
here would soon repay a hundredfold the prayers, and
tears, and toil, that were expended on it. Oh, that the
people of God could be stirred up from their apathy !
Why are so many staying at home in comparative sloth,
while there is such virgin soil within two months' journey
of them ? Souls, among whom four months' study of
vernacular Chinese would enable them to begin work.
Shall we not cry to the great Lord of the harvest to thrust
forth more labourers into this most promising portion of
the field ?


Our time has rapidly flown by. Taking a night journey
from Lu-gyiao we find ourselves at dawn at T'ai-ping-hien,
the capital of the last county in T'ai-chau. The city
itself is smaller than that of Hwang-yen, but the popula-
tion can scarcely be less ; for the ground is very thickly
covered with houses, whilst the streets are narrow, and
there are none of those vacant places found in most
Chinese cities. How our hearts have ached when we
visited this city on previous occasions, and saw the
teeming multitudes that assemble every market day, in
addition to the large population of the city ! We knew
that they were without God, and without hope in the
world, while no means existed for making known to them
the blessings of salvation. We share in the joy with
which our brother, Mr. Jackson, baptized the five who
were the first fruits of our work in this city, in Nov. 1875.



Tlieir spirit may be well inferred from the reply they
made to Mr. Jackson, when he asked them \vhether they
would rather be baptized at Dien-tsi, or in their native
district. They answered, " By all means here ; if we
went to Dien-tsi few would know of it ; but if we are
baptized here it will spread far and wide, and it will be a
testimony for God." We thank God for that old man
baptized at 73 years of age — probably the same as the
one we met with a year before, who was so burdened
because he knew not what to do with his sins. And we
thank God for the younger converts, who may have a
longer time to serve Him here, and for those who have
been brought in subsequently to those first fruits. Some
of them have borne persecution and beating for Christ's
sake, but have stood firm. May God increase their
number and grant that the Gospel may be sounded forth
by them throughout the surrounding regions.

Here, too, we spend a happy and busy day. After an
evening service with the converts and as many of the
neighbours as our mission room wll hold, we


The row through the night brings us to Weng-ling :
here we leave the boat and have a walk of a few miles
across a mountain-pass. We cannot say that every pro-
spect pleases- -for there is one great drawback, the poppy
that is universally cultivated in this district for the pro-
duction of opium.

The people, though very rough and wild, are kind, and
if wisely dealt with, friendly. Arriving at an inlet of the
the sea, we engage a boat for the remainder of the journey
to Wun-chau, a journey which, if favoured with fine weather
and fair wind, is speedily accomplished and afford us many
charming views as we skirt along the coast. Ascending
the Wun-chau river with the tide in our favour, in a few
hours we see the beautiful island with its two pagodas
which lies opposite to the city of Wun-chau. On landing
we find coolies to convey our luggage, and make our way
to our mission premises, where we are welcomed by our
friends, Mr. and Mrs. Stott, with whom we are to spend
the first few days of our visit. Mr. & Mrs. Jackson live in
another part of the city. The view of the beautiful trees
that abound in and near this city, given as our frontis-
piece, will give some idea of one of its special features of
interest. A more charming place we have not seen in
China. Leaving however its beauty to be explored, we
conclude this stage of our journey.

ymtt$0t| ^urfc itt !f n-ttntt.


You will be glad to hear of our safe return from our
third journey. We have nothing but the goodness and
faithfulness of God to record. He has favoured us with
the best of health, and with more success than has often
attended more faithful labour.

Considering how much there is — both in ourselves and
in the people — unfavourable to the attainment of that
which we so much desire, namely, the evangelisation of
Ho-nan, we are constrained, after reviewing what has
been done since April, 1875, to thank God and take
courage. Our past experience has given us ample op-
portunity of making " Ebenezer," the motto of the
Mission, our own.

We have been greatly cheered by the reception the

people have given us everywhere. Were it not for the
unfriendliness of the mandarins and literati, the gospel
would have great and speedy Iriumphs in this province.
In spite of their opposition it is winning its way. And
when once our work has fairly begun, and we are settled
there, its success may be more decided than at present.
Much time is lost by this necessary running back and
forward. Many who, could we have stayed to watch
over them, might have remained unto this day, have re-
turned to wallow in the mire ; others in more favourable
circumstances have remained firm, and are growing in
the knowledge of the truth. I am anxious to return at
once to these, fearing lest they should enter into the
temptation of the devil making all our labour in vain.

At Tso-chau-k'eo we preached eleven days, and got
very large crowds daily, but we did not see much of that
inquiring spirit which indicates present dissatisfaction
and longing after higher things. A few came to our
inn, with whom we had pointed and encouraging con-
versations. Whether any seed of truth have fallen into
their hearts to bear fruit unto everlasting life we cannot
say. I am more and more impressed with the importance
of this place, and the advantage of having a house here,
providing we are allowed to work unmolested. There
is, I think, no place in the whole province where at pre-
sent a better work could be done.

After preaching there we purposed going up to the
capital, and made our arrangements accordingly, when,
the night before starting, we heard of a plot against our
lives [see last number], which induced us to alter our
plans. We turned off instead to Kuei-Teh-Fu, where
we preached several days.

We made our first attempt to get a house at Ch'oh-
shau-hien (see China's Millions, No 5, page 60), and
succeeded with the help of Mr. Mu. We had visited
this place twelve months before, and were much im-
pressed by the kindness the people manifested toward
us. It is the nearest hien city in Ho-nan to our present
head-quarters. This and other advantages which it com-
bines led us to choose it. We got a house without any
difficulty. When we told the landlord who we were and
what we came to do he refused at first, thinking we were
Roman Catholics, but consented when we showed him
we were not. He has no objection to my Jiving there.
It is a large house of about one hundred rooms, only
;part of which is rented by us. It has a second story, is
lofty and well built, and will serve our purpose well for a
time. The rent is very moderate, being only 25,000
cash a year [between £i\ and ^5], all included. Praise
the Lord for His goodness to us.

We engaged Mr. Mu and left him there, while we
went on with our usual work higher up the province.
His home is within a day's journey of the place, where
there are ten or fifteen persons waiting- for baptism,
most of whom I have seen — ^very satisfactory cases in-
deed. We hope to baptise them when I return,
which I shall do (D.V.) in a few days from this date.
We left Yao Si-fu with Mr. Mu till we return, hoping
that this would be a great help to the latter, as well as
to the work generall)'.

We baptised Mr. Mu and another gentleman at Ju-
ning Fu on the 4th of April, the first-fruits of Ho-nan
unto Christ, the earnest, I trust, of thousands.

Mr. Clarke has been throughout the journey of great
help to me. Closer acquaintance has only heightened
the opinion I had formed of him. I am well in health,
but my nervous system is somewhat weakened by the
effects of those three journeys. I must now conclude,
earnestly desiring youf prayers and those of God's

)\t ^mxmnvt^ §nlh

By Edward Howe, Jun.




: — "3- — , ■&

•I, My soul is not at rest. There)

eomes a strange and secret > Spirit,
wliisper to my .......> ,,..,. )

m^ w


like a dream of night, that tells mfe I ain on en-chant - ed ground.






Chorus for First Four Verses.

i?- — (M— g= :^





^ Vivace. The voice of my de - part - eci Lord,
^ 1




all na-tions,"





Vivace. ^ p ■ f T"
The voice of my





de - part - ed Lord,




teach all



-5 — ■5—






the night air



















a - wakes







Chorus for Last Verse.









Through a

- V ^Tj-

ges of

ter - nal years,









Through a

ges of e - ter




spi - rit



M^ n -^ N-


- V 4 J

-^" J ^ :




-^ -^—

- ^ -




That toil and suff'
^ ^. h J


once were





That toil and suff'

- ^






once were


- ?r.





2. Why live I here? the vows of God are | on me; | and I may not stop to play with shadows or pluck earthly | flowers, | till I

Online LibraryChina Inland MissionChina's millions (Volume 1875-76) → online text (page 48 of 51)