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the class of men best adapted for the field. Soine
urged that only well-trained and educated men
from colleges ought to be sent, others thought that there
was a need for all classes. There were different kinds of
work to be done ; and there was danger of putting too
much faith in intellectual qualifications. It must not be
forgotten that Peter was only a fisherman. God might use
any instrument. At the conclusion of the meeting Dr.
Nelson made a felicitous speech with reference to the
approaching close of the Conference and the departure
of some of the members, separation from whom seemed
like a personal loss, and said the result of the Conference
had been to make the missionary body united as a
family.

The following reports of Committees were adopted : —
I. — The Committee on Christian Literature ; —
1st. — That a Committee be appointed consisting of Rev. W.
A. P. MartinD.D., LL.D., Rev. Alex. Williamson LL.D., Rev.
C. W. Mateer, Rev. Y. J. AUen, Rev. R. Lechler, and j;. Fryer,
Esq., to prepare a series of elementary school-books, suitable to
the present wants of the mission schools.

2nd.— That a form prepared by the Committee and filled out
with statistics of Protestant missions, be circulated among the
missionaries, and that these statistics be published both in the
Chinese Recorder and in the Records of this Conference.

3rd. — Of each tract, or book written in Chinese character not
exceeding fifty leaves, it is requested that one copy be sent to
each mission, and of larger books a copy for each ciuef station.

II. — The Committee appointed to consider the question



CHINA'S MILLIONS.



115



of the Division of the Field of Labour report as
follows : —

1st. — Without seeking to interfere with the freedom of indivi-
dual missionaries or the action of any Society, they recommend
that the grand oneness of tlie Christian church in spirit and in
aim should be ever before the minds of all, and that nothing
should be done which would in any way originate and perpetuate
the idea of strife or dissension amongst us in the minds of the
Chinese people

2nd.— That therefore the missionaries of the diiferent churches
residing in the same region should arrange to carry on their
labours as far as possible in different localities.

3rd. — That in the case of sickness or absence, or on other
occasions calling for assistance,' missionaries should supply each
other's need, and thus by mutual help seelc to vindicate the great
trutli that they are brethren in Christ Jesus, and fellow-workers
in the same great undertaking.

iith. — That wherever it is practicable missionaries should
deliberate together, and combine in carrying on schools of all
kinds, seminaries for students, dispensaries, hospitals, and such
like— that, with our limited forces, the highest possible resvJt
may be attained.

5th. — That in the event of societies not hitherto represented
entering the field, they be recommended to occupy one or other
of the newly opened ports, or one of the provinces as yet tm-
occupied.

The Committee consists of Rev. Alexander Williamson ,
LL.D., Rev. S. L. Baldwin, Rev. Dr. Graves, Rev. G.
John, Rev. J. J. Gough, Rev. Dr. Blodget.

The usual half-hour's devotional exercises were led by
Rev. S. B. Partridge, after which the afternoon session
of the Conference was wholly occupied with business.
Various reports of Committees were adopted ; a series
of resolutions were passed respecting the opium trade,
which it was decided should be forwarded to all the
religious periodicals, as well as to the Anti-Opium
Society. It was also resolved that a Committee be
appointed to draw up a tract containing a short abstract
of the doctrines taught by Protestant missionaries, the
conditions of church membership, the objects aimed at,
and the relation of missionaries to their converts ; that
especial prominence be given to the political relations of
Christianity with China, and that in view of the mis-
.understanding which prevails in official quarters as well
as among the people generally concerning the aims and
motives of Christianity, this tract should be circulated
in every direction.

May 2T,rd. — Rev. J. R. Goddard led the devotions of
the Conference, after which a paper by Rev. W.
McGregor on

THE TRAINING OF NATIVE AGENTS

was read. The writer stated that the evangelization of
China must be done by the natives themselves, and
therefore recommended that native agents be employed
by the missions, since the churches could not support
their own preachers. He then considered that an
amount of training ought to be given to these native
preachers, and dealt with the advantages of having
trained agents. The evangelists would have a far better
knowledgeof Scripture than they couldotherwise possess,
and such men would stand on a far higher moral plat-
form. Then, moreover, experience proved that trained
evangelists are more reliable than untrained men. Their
conscience is more enlightened, the trammels of
superstition are more fully cast off. The next point
considered was the subjects of study. Agents should be
fair Chinese scholars. Then there should be instruction
in the Scriptures and in primary theological truths. A
good plan was to pursue the systematic study of certain
books of Scriptures. Geography and rudimentary
physics and mathematics were always useful. The time
had not come for giving the native agents a knowledge
of the original languages of the Scriptures, or of



English. Dr. Talmage said that at Amoy the missions
selected young men of promise from the age of lifteen
years and upwards. There was no definite time fixed for
the length of the curriculum — the vacations were spent
in preaching. All who wanted to become pastors
were required to sign a confession of faith. Mr.
Baldwin stated that at the Foochow training school,
they received no one who had not been recommended by
the Quarterly Conference of his own district, and
required three conditions: ist. That the candidate have
gifts ; 2nd, That he have grace ; 3rd, That he has already
proved useful. Mr. Barclay mentioned that there was
another system besides that of training schools. In
Northern Formosa the missionary had adopted the plan
of taking a class with him into the country, and
teaching them as they journeyed. There were many
practical advantages in this course.

At the conclusion of the discussion a Committee was
appointed to superintend the publication of all the
papers read before the Conference and the discussions
following in a volume, to be styled " Records of a
General Conference of the Protestant Missionaries of
China held at Shanghai, May loth — 24th, 1877 : " to-
gether with a map of China, marking all the mission
stations, and statistical tables showing the progress of
Protestant missions, giving details of each mission for
the years 1837, '857 and 1877.

The final session of the Conference was held on
Thursday morning, and was wholly devoted to prayer
and praise. At the close of this meeting the Conference
was dissolved, after a general imderstanding had been
come to that it will be advisable to hold another Confer-
ence in ten years time.



Another account reports the last day's proceedings as follows : —
On Thursday, the 24th, the Conference separated, after
a forenoon spent in devotional exercises. It was a pro-
foundly affecting meeting. Dr. Nelson expressed the
sentiments of all when he said he felt that our parting
was like the breaking up of a family never more to
meet on earth. One and another led in thanks to God
for the perfect unity of spirit that has pervaded the con-
vention, and prayer for His blessing on it, while the
difficulty of utterance, and tears shed, proved how real
such prayers and praises were.

The president. Dr. Douglas, announced that it had
been recommended that another Conference be held in
ten years time. With a broken voice he remarked how
few of us might be here to take part in it.* Perhaps the
most impressive incident in tlie service was when Dr.
Talmage arose to give a last word of exhortation to his
younger brethren, which he did entirely in the words of
Scripture, closing with "I beseech you, therefore,
brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your
bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God
which is your reasonable service. And be not con-
formed to this world ; but be ye transformed by the
renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that
good, and acceptable, and perfect will of God." His
reverend aspect and thrilling tones added to the impres-
siveness of the words. After a parting hymn, and a
parting prayer by Dr. Talmage, during which all were
moved to tears, the first Conference of the Protestant
missionaries of China was brought to a close. To the
name of God be all the praise ! — From the English
Inde;pejident.

[* Since the report of these words reached us, we have been
pained to hear of the sudden death of Dr. Douglas from cholera.
We feel that the loss of such a missionary is one that all who
take interest in China must mourn. — Ed. C. M.]



Table of the Stations of the CHINA INLAND MISSION, with the Namcs of the
Labourers , Foreign and Native. Corrected to Aprils 1877.



Name and Date of Opening.



I.— Cheh-kiang Province, N.

Hang-chau Prefecture.
I. HANG-CHAU



Kong-deo

Yu-HANG



1874



I87I



Hii-chaii Prefecture.
4- Oan-kih

II.— Ctieh-kiang Province, W.
Klu-chau Prefecture,

5. KIU-CHAU 1872

Kin-Jvwa Prefecture.

6. KIN-HWA 1875

7. Lan-k'i 1871



III.— Cheh-kiang' Provincej E.

(ist East Mission District).
SliaO'hin^ Prefecture.

8. SHAO-HING .. .. 1866

9. Mo-ko 1S75

10. Ts6ng-ko-bu .. .. .. 1873

11. Bing-shu

12. Shing-hien .. .. .. 1869

13. Sien-ngsen .. .. .. 1873

14. Sin-ch'ang .. .. .. 187b



15. Siao-shan



Ning-po Prefecture.
16. NING-PO ..



17. K'ong-p'u

18. Lih-dzo



1867

1857

1865
1870



Missionaries and
Native Assistants



Wong Ls-djun, P.
■O Ah-ho, E.
Viae Si-ni, C.



Nying Tsj-kying, E.



Tsiang Liang-yuong, E.
Yu Hyiang, C.



Kao Ziao-gyi, E.



Mr. and Mrs, Douthwaite.
Wong Teng-yuing, E,



Mr. Li, C.



Loh Ah-ts'ih, E.
Dzing Si-vu, C.



Mr. and Mrs. Meadows.
Miss Turner.
Miss Murray.
Tsiang Siao-vong, P.
Mrs. Yang, B.



Mr. Li, E.



Mr. Zi, E.



Mr. Nyien, E.



Mr. Sing, C.



Visited by Mr. Sing.



Vsen Kwong-pao, E.
Mrs. Li, B.



Tsiu Uong-yiang, E.
Mrs. Tsiu (2nd), B.



Mr. Chu, P.
Mrs. Tsiu, Senr.,



B.



Moh Dziang-Iing, C.



IV.— Cheh-kiang Province, E.
{2nd East Mission District).
Ning-po Prefectiirc cojithined.

19. FUNG-HWA .. .. 1866



20. K'yi-k'eo

21. 'O-z
T'ai-chau Prefecture.

22. NlNG-HAI



1873
1862



23. T'ien-t'ai .. ., .. 1873

24. Si-tien .. .. ,. .. 1874

25. Siao-wong-miao .. ,. 1875



v.-



Cheh-kiang Province.
(3rd East Mission District).
'Pai'ciiau Prefecture coftti?ined.

26. T'AI-CHAU 1867

27. SlEN-KU 1874

28. Ky'i-o 1873

29. Hwang-yen i86g

30. Dien-tsi



31. Yang-f u-miao . .

32. T'ai-p'ing-hien



Temporary supply.



Mr. and Mrs. Crombie.
Mr. Vsen, P.
Mrs. Vsen, B.
Lao Yiu-dJiing, C.
Mr. Dong, E.



Fong-Neng-kwe, E.



Wong Kyuo-yiao, E.



Wong[ Sing-ch'ing, E.
Z\ Ching-djun, C.
Mrs. Shili. B.



Shih Da-tseng, C.



Tsiang Ping-hwe, E.



Liu Si-yuing, C.



Mr. and Mrs. Rudland.
Mr. and Mrs. Williamson.
Mr. Wills.
Mr. Liu, P.



Loh Kying-sih, E.



Koh Yih-djun, E.



Tsiang Liang-gwe, P.
W5ng Yi-hying, C.



U Djun-yiao, E.
Ling Tsaio-sQPg, C.



1873

1874 I Tsiang Uong-kao, E.



Visited by U Djun-yiao.



Name and Date of Opening.



Missionaries and
Native Assistants.



VI.— Cheh-kiang Province, S.

IVun-cfiau Prefecture.
33. WUN-CHAU .. .. 1867



34. Dong-ling 1875

35. P'ing-yang 1874

VII.— Kiang-svi Province.

36. NAN-KIN 1867



Mr. and Mrs. Stott.
Mr. and Mrs. Jackson.
Yan;:; Sin-sang, E.
Liang Z-nyun, C.
Ine Sin-sang, S.



Tsiu iJien-kying, E.
Seng Shu-nyun, E.



Kying Tsing-saen, C.



37. CHIN-KIANG

38. YANG-CHAU

39- North T'ai-chau

40. Ts'lNG-KIANG-p'u



.. 1S73
. . i86g



Mr. and Mrs. Ealler.
Miss Horne.
Yang Ts'uen-ling, E.
Tsiu Kwe-f-h. C.



Miss Desgk.vz.
Miss Knight.
Tsiang Soh-liang, P.
Mr. Ch'un, E.



VIII.— Gan-hwuy Province.

41. GAN-ICJNG .. .. 1S69

42. CH'I-CHAU .. .. 1874

43. Ta-t'ung 1873

44. T'AI-P'ING 1874

45. Wu-HU 1873

46. NING-KWOH .. .. 1S74

47. HWUY-CHAU .. .. 1875

48. LU-CHAU 1875

49. FUNG- YANG . .. 1875



Miss Crickmay.
Miss Hughes.
Mr. Chang, E.
Ch'eng Sien-Seng, S.
L ao-han, S. (Girls ).
Yao King-fu, C.
F ung Weng-siu, C .
Li Cheng-wan, C.
Ch'eng Si-fu, C.



Mr. and Mrs. Pearse.
Miss Wilson.
Miss Huberty.
Mr. Randle.
Chu Sien-seng, P;
Hu Teh-yuen. C.



Mr. Hsu. E.
Mr. Lo. C.



IX.—Kiang-si Province.

50. KIU-KIANG

51. Ta-ku-t'ang ..



1S69
1873



X.— Hu-peh Province.
52. WU-CH*ANG



53. I-CH'ANG



1874
1876



Ch'eng Yung-i, P.
Wu Ch'eng-mei, C.



Mr. P 'un, C.
Li Ming-hai, C.



Mr. Han, E.
U Sien-seng, C.



Wu Ch'eng-tsan, E.
Tai Si-fu, C.



Mr. Long, C.
Wong Ju-song



Temporarily suspended.



Temporarily suspended.



Mr. and Mrs. Cardwell (ab-
Mr. P'en, C. [sent'

Mr. Tsal, E.



Lo Gan-fuh, E.



Mr. and Mrs. Judd.
Mr. and Mrs. E. Fishe.
Chang Sien-seng, E.
Yiao Si-fu, C^



Mr. Nicoll.
Tsang Sien-seng, E.



UNOCCUPIED PROVINCES.



Name of
Province.



Kan-suh



2. Shen-si



3. Shan-si



4. Ho-nan .,



5. Si-ch'uan.



Comp,
Area.



ii



Pop. in
Millions



14^



i5i



25i



Work of CI. M.
commenced.



Dec. 1876



Sept. 1876



Nov. 1876



April 1875



April 1877



Mr. Geo. F, Easton.
Mr. Geo. King.



Mr. Parker.
Mr. Chas. Budd.



Mr. J. J. Turner.
Mr. F. James.



Mr. M. H. Taylor.
Mr. Geo. W. Clarke.



Mr. J. McCarthy.
Mr. J. Cameron.



Name of
Province.



6. Yun-nan ,,



7. Kuei-chau



8. HU-NAN



9. KUANG-SI . .



Bha-mo



Comp.
Area.



2i



^i



'h



Pop. in
Millions



25i



Basis f..r work-
ing Yun-nan.



Work of C.I.
M. comncd.



Feb. 1877



June 1875



Mr. Stevenson
Mr. Soltau.



Hope to

be able to

enter

soon.



Mr. J. F. Broumton.



Mr. Jiidd and his helpers
have done itinerant work.



Mr. E. Fishe.



Dr. and Mrs. Harvey.
Mr. Jos. Adams.



*.Area as. compared^ with Scotland.



- ..4 ^3rt,2/iff/ic7ts— PjPastor ^E^ Evangelist ; C, Colporteur ; S, School-teacher ; B, Bible-woman.



CHINA'S MILLIONS.



117



iittt-t'titj.



PROM THE DIARY OF MR: RANDLE.

( Continued from, page 1 01 .)

Sunday, Feb. i8//z.— Mr. Pearse spoke this morning
from " If any man be in Christ he is a new creature."
Our washerwoman opposed her husband's coming so
much at first, but he still continues to attend Sunday
morning service, and he says he believes the Gospel.
He is certainly manifesting a great deal of interest in
listening to the word ; so we hope that he may soon be
numbered among the redeemed.

Feb. 24;?/%.— Have finished reading the Testament
through with my teacher. Mr. Pearse and I also read
each evening and so help one another.

Sunday, Feb. ze^ih. — ^Wehave an inquirer named Lo,
who, as he was absent this morning, came in to-night to
prayers. I was helped to speak more fireely than I have
ever done before, which is indeeda source of joy and en-
couragement to one Jwho has long been waiting for the
clouds to break. Lo is connected with a Ya-men ; still
he always contrives to be with us on Lord's day. He
is an attentive inquirer, and we hope he may soon be the
Lord's.

Feb. 2'jtk. — To-night, just under our window, a
general row was going on, which was intended to be
some ceremony of mourning for the dead. How far it
was a matter of real mourning I cannot say. It was
dark. From about seven till ten o'clock three priests
sat round a small table upon which were several dishes
of food, which food was for their after benefit. They
were engaged in chanting and beating gongs, cymbals,
and small drum-like things.

Feb. 2^ih. — Liu Sien-seng, who [has been away for
several months, has called again to see me to-day. He
is the inquirer who refuses to give up ancestral worship.
He is an excellent man and scholar — I do so yearn for
his salvation. We had a nice conversation in the chapel
for about half-an-hour.

March 2?td. — We took a walk to the boat-house by the
river- side this afternoon. Whilst walking down a street
towards the South gate on my way there, I suddenly
heard my name called, and Mr. Chang's nephew came
running after me. He seemed so pleased to see me,
that he made everyone look round by his expressions of
enthusiasm and joy. He asked if he might accompany
me ; of course I was pleased that he should. When we
neared the South gate we passed a large temple and
courtyard. The boy wanted me to go in. I asked my
teacher, a shrewd but good fellow, if it were well to do
so ; he said yes, so we went in. The courtyard was
very much like a menagerie with large cage-
like dens, with wooden in place of iron bars ; but within,
instead of wild beasts, there were idols, many of them
far worse looking than the ugliest wild beast in a mena-
gerie. There were about twenty-four of these large
cage-like rooms, each containing a large god — half as
large again as a man. Several smaller gods, or attend-
ants, were in front of his wooden highness, represented
as inflicting all kinds of horrible torture upon the wicked ;
such as sawing in halves, chopping in pieces, thrusting
in holes to represent hell, piercing with thorns, etc., etc.
That was in the courtyard. Then I went into the temple,
where I spoke to a group of ten or twelve men, telling
them of the only true God, to whom all are responsible,
and against whom all have sinned. One aged and intelli-
gent man spoke of K'ong-fu-tsi (Confucius) in contrast



to Jesus. I sought to point out that although Confucius
was a good man, he was but a man ; and as he was
now dead, he could not help anyone. Again in the
courtyard I began to speak to two or three men of the
falsity of the idols, and of the Living God ; but several
having seen and heard me speaking before, began to
flock round me until I had an audience of about
forty or fifty. I went on for about ten minutes, and was
much helped in speaking, all listening with respectful
attention. I was surprised to find myself thus address-
ing a crowd of Chinamen in a temple courtyard for the
first time ! This was my maiden speech in the open air,
and I just realised a little of the joy it must be to preach
the word of life to these benighted ones.



jt$$ttittar^




MRS. OROMBIE writes from Fung-hwa on April i6th :
— ' ' Yesterday was a day of good things here : another man was
baptised, a nephew of one of our old members. He is over fifty
years of age, and has a father still living over eighty, who we do
pray and hope may be saved even in this eleventh hour. Pray
for him.

"One man was restored to church fellowship who had been
expelled some time ago. He is the husband of one of our
members who I believe has been the means of his returning to
the Lord. We afterwards had the Communion, and remembered
afresh the dying love of our blessed Lord.

" When I went down to my class after dinner, I found the
wife of the last-mentioned man teaching some of the more
recently baptised members how to pray. She said, ' You must
pray always ; not always kneeling down to pray ; but you can
pray in your heart, when you are working. When you broom
the floor, you can pray ; and if you pray when you are spinning,
you will spin more easily ; if you lose a needle and pray for it,
you will soon find it. ' I was very glad to hear this, and I asked
her if she had tried this power of prayer. She said she had ;
and I believe her ; for when I ask her to pray, she does so like
one who goes often to the throne of grace.

" I was reminded of something that happened when I was a very
little girl. After praying for a knitting-pin I had lost amongst the
grass, I turned my head and saw it very near to me. It may be
thought I should have found my knitting pin if I had searched
for it diligently ; but perhaps not, for if our Heavenly Father
sees fit to give in answer to prayer. He may also see fit to with-
hold if we do not pray. This is what I am always trying to
teach my women, that vve should not only trust the Lord with
the great and eternal interests of our souls, but also with the
small and daily cares of this life. As there is nothing too great
for His powerfvil arm to do, there is nothing too small for His
loving heart to notice. For surely if He numbers the veiy hairs
of our heads, and keeps a little sparrow from falling. He will
also be pleased to help us with our needles and our spinning if we
ask Him. Oh that we could trust in the Lord at all times, and
wait patiently for Him ! For he is Jaithful who hath promised."

MR. OROMBIE writes on April 30th.—" Mr. Vaen is at
Siao-wong-miao at present ; we hope to open the chapel there in
about ten days. Mrs Crombie has returned from Ning-hai. She
had a good time there, and was much pleased vrith the members.
There are two or three inquirers.

' ' Neng-kwe was here to-day. He says the inquirers at his
station, Ky'i-keo, are still holding on, and he has no doubt they
believe on the Lord Jesus Christ.

" May idfh. — I propose starting at once for a journey to Ning-
hai and T'ien-t'ai. I hope to baptise one person at the former
place, and perhaps several at the latter. At Ky'i-keo I hope
to baptise one or two persons when I return from T'ien-t'ai.

" God's Spirit seems to be moving among the people at T'ien-
t'ai and at Kjr'i-keo ; and we have some hopeful cases at Fung-
hwa. May the Lord make tis more faithful and lowly, lest we
should mar or hinder His work!"



ii8



CHINA'S MILLIONS.



MB. MEADOWS writes from Shao-hing, on April 30th :
— " We have good audiences here nearly every day, yet there
seems a lull in the work, and this I feel very anxious about;
Perhaps it is because I was expecting too great things this year,
and the Lord would have us know, 'My thoughts are not your
thoughts, neither are your ways My ways.' It is well for us
that it is so. It is difficult to learn to be a servant of Christ ; we
are too fond of sharing in the Master's prerogative. It may be
only a small part : we give most to Jesus, but we like to have
a little share in ruling and regulating. For Jesus to be supreme,
King alone, in our hearts is hard to learn. The Lord give us
more than our expectations this year, nevertheless ! And in the
meantime let us be thankful for the nine already baptised.

"May ilt/t. — Yesterday, at our noon prayer-meeting, I felt
as if we here had received a share of the blessings asked for
absent missionaries at the Conference in Shanghai. At any
rate, we were in a waiting attitude for such blessing, and we
were not disappointed."

MISS T"CrRK"ER writes from the same station on May
15th : — " We are all pretty well. Mrs. Nying proposes to stay
vnlh me a few months, probably until her son's marriage to one
of my girls."

MK. RUDLAND %mtes from T'ai-chau on May 9th : —
" I am sorry to say that the work in our southern stations is not
in so encouraging a state as appeared to be the case some time
ago. I am afraid that the number of members at the end of the
year mil be less than at the beginning. I have had ague, and
this is my first attempt at writing since. I will send you further
particulars ere long."

MR. W. A. "WILLS writes from the same station. May
15th: — "I am still plodding on with the language. I have
engaged the son of the evangelist Yiiong-kao as teacher, and
hope to find him useful when journeying about, as he always
seems happy when speaking to others about the true God, in
which of course I encourage him. I take him with me into the
chapel, and when I visit tie temples to sell books, etc. You will
be glad to hear that his father is improving in health. I hope
that with care he will soon be able to resume his much-loved
work for his Master. We are all well ; expect soon to have the
joy of receiving four or five into the church by baptism. We are
now having the chapel nearly full every afternoon of students,
who are up for e.xamination. "

MR. JUDD writes from Wu-chang on May 21st :^" I
hope to leave to-morrow with Mr. NicoU by native boat for I-
chang. It is likely that I may be a month or two away from here. "

Mr. Judd and his servant, when retummg from the province
of Kwei-chau, had a nan'ow escape of their lives from the vio-
lence of some lawless villagers. We hope in our next to give



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