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whom he comes into contact. I have been pleased to
notice with what readiness he illustrates his subject.

He is of a quiet disposition ; but, like many of his
countrymen, easily offended.

In the winter of 18S0 we visited all the cities in the
west and north-west of Shan-si as far as the Great Wall
to the north, the Yellow River to the west, and several
cities below P'ing-yang to the south. In each of these
cities, besides such verbal testimony as he was able to
give, Chang Yu-fah sold Christian books and tracts,
which we hope will bear much fruit, and lead many to
consider, and understand more clearly, the wonderful
things written in the Scriptures sold at the same time.

Early in this year (18S1) he accompanied me in a jour-
ney west from P'ing-yang as far as Si-gan Fu, the capital
of Shen-si, and then south-east to King-tsi Kwan,his native
village in Ho-NAN. Christian books and tracts were sold
in all the cities, towns, and principal villages in the route.
We continued the journey to Fan-ch'eng and Wu-ch'ang,
two stations of our mission in Hu-PEH. -^ He is about to
return to Fan-ch'eng, where he will join Mr. Sambrook,
and work back to Shan-si across the province of Ho-NAN.



gunman ProtJince,

MR. AND MRS. GEO. CLARKE, on their way to
Ta-li Fu, in the west of the Yun-nan province, write from the
capital of the province, Yun-nan Fu, on June 7th. Leaving
the capital of the Kwei-chau province on the i6th April, they
had a prosperous journey so far. Mr. Clarke says : — " The
cities we visited are most of them like large villages, not very
busy. The scenery is somewhat like that of Shan-si, there are
plenty of undulating red earth hills. The capital of Yun-nan
is a much busier place than that of Kwei-chau ; the suburbs
of this city have been very large. The people are not curious
and troublesome. We hope to leave in a few days for Ta-li Fu."

MESSRS. TRENCH AND EASON, we learned from
letters dated Kwei-yang, June 30th, were to leave for Yiin-
nan Fu on July 4th, hoping, should the Lord open the way, to
make that city their headquarters. It is not only an important
centre, but is also a necessary basis for communications between
eastern China and Ta-li Fu, where, we trust, Mr. and Mrs.
Clarke may be able to reside. We liave since heard, however,
that pending further information from Chung-k'ing these arrange-
ments were suspended.

Etnei=cbau Pcotiince,

MRS. BROUMTON writes from Kwei-yang Fu on
June 30th, giving an interesting description of the overland part
of the journey. She says : — "I was very well understood all
along the route, and had many opportunities of telling the women
about our God. My spirit was stirred within me as I saw the
idolatry all around. Looking on the shrines placed under the
most beautiful trees, etc., amidst the grand scenery round about us,
my heart was saddened that the Creator of this lovely world
was unknown ; and the well-known words —

' . . . . Every prospect pleases,
And only man is vile,'

were often recalled. We reached our destination on the 21st June,
very thankful to be at home after an absence of five months."

MISS EERR writes from the same station on July 3rd : —
" We have been here about a fortnight. I can most tiuly thank
God for all He has done, and for every step of the way He has
led us. I cannot tell you how gladdened I have been to see
God working so plainly among the women and children here
that gather round Miss Kidd. Three women in the house give
every evidence of being thoroughly converted, ' inside and out,'
as the Salvation Army people would express it. One of these three
was baptized by Mr. Geo. Clarke, and one of the other two is a
Miao-tsi woman. I am about taking up the cure of opium-
smoking women. Five wanted to come last week. I shall be
very thankful if I can be any help in bringing outside women
under the influence of the Gospel, lived as well as preached."

MR. GEO. ANDREW remains at Kwei-yang, and is,
we hear, " wonderfully well and strong considering the bad
attack of small-pox he has had.'' For sometime to come his
principal work will be the study of the language.

^u=nan province.


left Kwei-yang Fu on the 28th June to take the journeys pre-
viously proiected. It will be remembered that owing to Mr.
Andrew's illness it had been needful for Mr. Dorward togo through
with the Kwei-yang party. We trust that the kindly welcome
all received at Lo-si-p'ing, in Hu-nan, after the shipwreck, will
more than make up for the loss of time Mr. Dorward sustained.
We hope to receive further intelligence from Mr. Dorward from
Hong-kiang, his first destination in Hu-nan.

Si=cf)'uen ProiJince.

MR. AND MRS. GEO. NICOLL arrived safely at
I-chang from Ch'ung-k'ing about the middle of July, and were
expected in Wu-ch'ang in due course. They had a somewhat
remarkable and perilous journey to I-chang, but were brought

safely through. We fear that Mr. NicoU must have been
seriously ill, as we have not heard from him for some time past,
Mr. Nicoll's departure from Ch'ung-k'ing will leave that city
without a missionary lady, which we greatly regret, as nowhere
in China is there a more widely-open door for work among the
female population.

MR. SAMUEL CLARKE, who had taTcen temporary
charge of Mr. Broumton's work, has now returned to Ch'ung-
k'ing, where, we presume, Mr. Riley had been left alone on the
departure of Mr. and Mrs. Nicoll.

Ean=suf) Province.

MR. GEO. PARKER, writing from Ts'in-chau on the
2nd of June, tells us of the large access the Lord has given him
and his wife to the people of the city from the use of a few
simple medicines. He says : — " The wife of a Taoist priest had
an ulcerated throat — a disease very common in this district. The
complaint is believed to be incurable, and is not interfered with
by the native doctors here. My wife visited her, and she began
to amend very rapidly under her treatment. The news spread
rapidly, and for three weeks Mrs. Parker went into the city daily
and visited the sick. Most of the women had been long suf-
ferers ; many have been much relieved, and several, in Chinese
eyes, remarkable cures have takefi place."

Mr. Parker has not been slow to avail himself of the openings
which this movement has given rise to. Among other matters
of interest, we may mention that a Thibetan gentleman, who
formerly heard Mr. Easton preach in the west of the province,
had visited Mr. Parker, and brought some of his countrymen.
He promised to translate a catechism prepared by the Rev.
Griffith John, and another Christian tract, into his ownlanguage,
to enable Mr. Parker to reach his countrymen better. There
were three promising candidates for baptism at Ts'in-chau in June.

^f)en=si protJince.

MR. GEO. KING writes on June 26th :— " We had two
very pleasing baptisms to-day. One a Hu-nan man, very
bright and true ; the other, a brother of Mr. Sie, the baker men-
tioned in China's Millions. There are several other candi-
dates, but of one or two we are not perfectly satisfied. The
others were unable to come, or would have been baptized. We
have now fifty-two in communion, but one is not very zealous,
and I fear may have even gone astray. Mr. Rao, however, who
has been backsliding, is coming back again, and really seems
desirous of returning to the LORD.

" Miss Wilson has been here about a week. My little one
has been sick again. I leave my future with the Lord, for it
won't make much difference where these few years below are
spent, if only He is glorified, and many are brought to glory.'

MISS WILSON writes from the same station on June 21st :
. — " I returned here as soon as possible after hearing the sad news
of dear Mrs. King's death. Mr. Parker kindly left his promising
work to come with me, and to try to cheer and help Mr. King.
The latter is much needed here. I should greatly regret his
leaving. I trust he will find the Lord, in whose hands he leaves
the matter, an unfailing Counsellor.

"There was an old woman of seventy-three came to see us at
Ts'in-chau, with the complaint that she was a sinner. T hough
her being left alone in the world was the proof she gave, yet her
sins really seemed a burden to her ; and, as she said, she listened
like a thirsty soul lo Hwang Keh-chung's words, and even to
mine. I long to hear again of her and of the first baptisms in
Ts'in-chau. Chang, a leather-worker ; Chau, a shop-keeper ;
and a well-to-do gentleman of Hwei Hien, are awaiting Mr.
Parker's return to be baptized. They seem intelligent and
simple, and have had their faith based on the Word of GoD as
far as man can do it. Hwang Keh-chung is greatly valued, and
is a br ght Christian ; but I fear the climate is too cold for him
to pass another winter there.

" Here I am, glad to return to an easier dialect, as I made little
progress with that of Ts'in-chau, and was dismayed with my
faiUng memory. The believers sympathise with Mr. King, and
seem in a good way. I hope to keep up my wa'king powers
by exercise as long as possible this summer. There are plenty
of women, far and near, to visit, as Miss Fausset cannot be out
as much as before. Pray much for dear Mr. King."

China's Millions.


W[t%iHn %\\m Spitittg^

An Account of the first UTissioiiaiy Work and Journey overland taken by Missionary Ladies in the

Province of Hu-nan.

'S CHINA REALLY OPEN ? Itinerant journeys have been taken principally by single
men in all the unoccupied provinces ; and gradually a few stations have been opened in
most of them, to which after a time missionaries' wives, and even single ladies, have
been taken. But is China really to be considered open, as a whole .'
In answering this question much depends on what we mean by open. There is one city in
Hu-NAN into which Protestant Missionaries have hitherto been denied admission— the capital,
Ch'ang-sha. There is still considerable difficulty in itinerating in some parts of the same province ;
and in some parts of KwANG-Sl. Even in Kwang-TUNG journeying difficulties are far. from
unknown. But everywhere, and steadily, are the influences operating which are opening up the
country. Curiosity is being appeased ; hostility removed. The stay of Missionary ladies in the
heart of Hu-NAN for a fortnight in one place; the journey overland to the notorious city
Yiien-chau Fu, and the night spent on shore there at the inn ; the not less rowdy city, Chen-yiien
Fu (formerly a part of the Hu-NAN province, now included in KWEI-CHAU), visited by ladies, who
slept there also, and departed without any insult or danger, — all point to the conclusion that
Cliina is opening, and that, far more rapidly than Christian Missions are prepared to follow up.
Mr. and Mrs. George Clarke have journeyed far into YuN-NAN without difficulty, and in all the
northern provinces our sisters have found a welcome. Were the Lord to grant jts double the
number of workers, and double the means, within hvelve months ive could have them all located and at

NO. 78. — DECEMBER, 18S1.



work in needy districts among perisliing men and ivomen. Who will come to THE help of



Through Hu-nan.

SlOU WILL have heard of our journey as far
as Lo-si-p'ing, near Hong-kiang, where we were
wrecked the second time ; and will be glad
of some account of the land journey. We stayed at Lo-
si-p'ing a fortnight. The people were very triendly in-
deed, particularly the women. Miss Kerr had ample
opportunity of using her medical skill, as numbers
applied to her for treatment. They seemed to have full
confidence in us, and to be very sorry when we left : quite
a concourse came to our house to see us off. So far, the
way has been made easy for the next comers. We did
pray to the Lord to hasten the day when the arrival of
foreigners might be no strange thing in these parts, and
when these poor benighted ones might hear " The Old,
Old Story of Jesus and His Love."

We left on June gth, and got on very well, consider-
ing we were the first foreign ladies who had travelled
overland this way. We were the objects of considerable
curiosity at each stopping-place. They would crowd
round my chair, and I thought it better to raise mybUnd
than for them to do it. How they peeped ! I believe
they expected to see some wretched-looking object, and
were surprised to see I was so much like themselves. I
asked them, was I very wonderful ? Did they think
foreigners had two noses and three eyes .'' which question
quite amused them. They said I was very friendly. I
had several invitations to smoke and drink tea ! the
former I declined with thanks, telling them it was not our
custom to smoke.


The third day we arrived at Yiien-chau Fu. I had
reason to 'remember this place, as they flung stones at
our boat last year because we did not exhibit ourselves.
All along the route the people were expecting us, as the
news of our approach had preceded us. This time they
had made up their minds they would not be disap-
pointed ; crowds of men lined the streets. I had my blind
down ; they raised it several times. When we arrived
at the inn, there was a tremendous crowd, mostly men ;
they pressed into the entrance, and getting in at the back
windows also, did their best to pull down the door and
window of our room. But their only object was to see
us ; I am sure they meant us no harm. All the time the
rain was coming down in torrents ; still they came in
crowds. Towards dark they gradually dispersed, and we
were very thankful to go to bed and get a good rest.


The next large place we came to was the formerly-

dreaded Chen-yiien Fu. The people were all on the
watch for us ; and as our chairs came in view the news
spread. Our inn was situated in a very narrow busy
street ; my bearers had great difficulty to get on, as the
crowd pressed against the chair, so that at times I thought
it would have been toppled over. In the midst of all this
confusion and bustle 1 felt I was in the Lord's hands, and
that nothing could happen without His permission. As
my chair entered the inn, the crowd rushed in too. Our
apartments were upstairs. After some little time Miss
Kerr's chair arrived ; the people were getting quite noisy
now, and said they wanted to see the foreign women.
My husband told them we were the same as their women,
but they would not be put off. So we thought it better
to make an appearance. Facing the door of the inn there
was a flight of stairs, at the top of which was a landing ;
they were told that if they stayed at the bottom of the
stairs we would come on to the landing and let them see
us, which we did. What an ocean effaces met our gaze !
We stood a minute or so, and then, as they seemed quite
satisfied, we disappeared as quickly as possible. We
were very glad when night set in, as we were all very


The people knew me at many of the villages we stopped
at, and were most friendly. One old woman said, " You
gave me a tract last year." There was nothing remark-
able during the remainder of the journey. The people
took very little notice of Miss Kerr, as her eyes and hair
are dark ; but they knew at once that I was a foreigner.
They were veiy anxious to know if I used powder on my
face and neck, and were greatly astonished when I told
them I did not. They were quite anxious to know what
they could use to make their skin like mine ! Several
women gave me flowers for my hair, and were so pleased
when I put them in. I am very thankful to say I was
well understood along the route, and had many oppor-
tunities of telling the women of our GOD.

We arrived at Kwei-yang on the 21st June, so thank
ful to get home after an absence of five months. We
were very glad to find dear Miss Kidd well, and having
thirteen girls in her school ; they all seemed so well and
happy. She was indeed delighted to see us. We have
had meetings at our house often since arriving, and have
all been helped by them, I think. We were quite a
large party, nine of us in all, besides the native Evan-

Mr. Andrew is wonderfully well and strong considering
the bad attack of small-pox he has had.

mxm %

in ^m^i-:^|Hit^


First Impressions of Kwei-yang Fu.

CANNOT tell you how glad it has made me to
see God working so plainly among the women
and children around Miss Kidd. Every night

we have worship in the large open court-yard within our

enclosure, and I am sure it would rejoice your heart to
see such a number of women and children, all so bright,
and so full of evident enjoyment, while the Gospel is
preached to them by Miss Kidd, and occasionally by her



teacher. Three women in the house appear thoroughly
converted : two of them are not yet baptised, but are
longing to confess Christ in this way.


One of the two is the miao girl you know of. An even-
ing or two ago, when she paid her nightly visit to my
room, just before she went to bed, I asked her if she was
very happy in jESUS. She said, " Yes, Miss Keir, I am
to-day ; but yesterday I felt sad all day, and I just went
over and over to jESUS, and asked Him to comfort me ;
and He gave me peace every time I went to Him for it."
Miss Kidd says of this girl that GoD has taught her very
much more than she has learnt from any human voice.
She quite agrees with us that there is no one in the least
like the Lord Jesus, that He is as wonderful a Friend
as a Saviour and King.


Among the thirteen children too, God is working. You
might think it was some boarding-school at home, where
salvation was the chief object of the training. Yesterday
the eldest girl ate no food, and when asked the reason,
she said, she felt she was such a sinner that she could
not eat. Miss Kidd had a good talk with her alone, and
hopes soon to see her one of God's dear children.

No child is ever whipped ; the capital punishment is
that Miss Kidd takes no notice of the child for a day ;

but I have not seen this punishment used or needed yet.
These children preach the Gospel to their parents when
they go home. There are several women who seem
really earnest in their inquiries after GOD. They are
without exception among the poor people.


When I got here, and found I could understand very
little of what the women said, I thought I v/ould give all
my time to study for a few months ; but I found, like
David, that holding my tongue did not increase my hap-
piness. Miss Kidd proposed my taking up the opium-
curing work : but I could not do that at once, because I
had scarcely any suitable opium-medicines with me.
But soon a large quantity of cjuinine came here for me.
Mr. Trench, too, quite unexpectedly gave me a quantity
of chlorodyne. These, with the drugs which can be
bought here, and my own stock, will supply what I need
for some time ; and more will come as needed.

So now we are praying for the right women. Five
wanted to come last week : six will be as many as I shall
take at once to begin with. They are to buy their own
food, unless utterly poor. I shall he so thankful if I can
help in bringing any outside women under the influence
of the Gospel, liveda.% well ^z preached. This will not in-
terfere with my study much; if GOD gives me the strength,
I hope still to be able to give several hours a day to it.
Since being settled here I have seemed to get stronger
every day. I do thank the LORD for this.

letter from yun-naw fit, en route for ta-li fu.

From Mr. Geo. W. Clarke.
,T LAST one of our missionary sisters, Mrs. G. W. Clarke, has had the privilege of
entering the province of YUN-NAN, and of teUing the Gospel of CHRIST to some of its
women. Bereaved of her first-born, and sorely bleeding under the stroke, she and her
husband have heard in it the Lord's summons to go on, and to carry to those who
know nothing of the consolations of the Gospel, the story of a Saviour for time, a SAVIOUR for
eternity. It will be seen that they had completed the first half of their proposed journey to Ta-li
Fu, and had reached YUN-NAN Fu, the capital of the province, in peace and in health. If able to
remain in Ta-li Fu, they will be near enough to Bhamo to co-operate with Mr. Stevenson. If not,
the journey itself will do good and will prepare the way for further efforts. We rejoice to think
that to Shan-si, Si-CH'uen, Hu-nan, Kwei-chau, Shen-SI, and Kan-suh, six of the nine remote
provinces in which missionary ladies have travelled or resided, YUN-NAN, a seventh, is now added.
Ere long Mr. Hunt is Hkely to marry, and to take his wife to his station in Ho-NAN. KWANG-Si
will then be the only province of the nine in which our missionary sisters have not made known
to their Chinese sisters the way of life. We greatly rejoice that the China Inland Mission has
been privileged to pioneer among the women of so many provinces, as well as among the men, and
ask for much prayer for all the pioneering efforts of our brethren and sisters, so remote from the
comforts and safety of European life. In sickness, danger, or bereavement they are indeed far off
and alone. They find in the living GOD their strength and their stay ; but we need to lovingly
remember them, and to pray for and minister to them as GOD may permit.

rain nearly every day till we crossed the boundary on
May 30th. I need not say that those portions of the road
which were not paved were difficult to travel. We had
the privilege of preaching and selling a few books in

|0U WILL be glad to hear that through the good-
ness of God we arrived here (Yun-nan Fu,
the capital of Yiin-nan), safely this morning,
June 7th. We left Kwei-yang Fu on May i6th, and had



many places. I met with several men who had heard the
Gospel in Kwei-yang Fu.


On several occasions my dear wife held a kind of
reception for the women who wished to see her ; at one
place particularly we had a most interesting conversation
with a few women, who took in intelligently what was

The people of Yiin-nan Fu are not curious. They
appear frank, and have not many words about a bargain.
When we arrived here very few gathered round to see my
dear wife get out of her chair. I noticed many temples
outside the east gate of this city, but along the road we
have seen very few, and those mostly in ruins ; the people
do not seem in earnest to rebuild them.

The road from Kwei-yang Fu is among mountains, and
in some places lies very high. The cities and villages
through which we passed are poorly populated, all bear-
ing traces of the late rebellion of the Miao-tsi. Yiin-nan
Fu is much busier than Kwei-yang Fu ; the suburbs have
been vei7 large. We hope to leave in a few days for
Ta-li Fu.

I am glad to tell you that my dear wife is in excellent
health, thank the Lord. We shall be very glad to receive
a brother or two when you are able to send them. May
the Lord bless the people of this province, and save
many !


how the way opened.

"You will perhaps be surprised to hear of our going
to Yiin-nan. When the Lord took our boy from us
we took it to be His voice calling us to go forward. We
wrote to Mr. Taylor last October ; but though he was
pleased, arrangements could not be made for our leaving
until May 13th, when Mr. S. R. Clarke came down from
Ch'ung-k'ing to relieve us. We started on the i6th May.

The Lord has truly gone before us. Before we knew
anything of Mr. Taylor's wish for us to go to Ta-Ii Fu, a
house had already been rented there in my name by Mr.
i NicoU, from a writer of the Resident in Ch'ung-k'ing,
who has a house there. We had thought of settling in
Yiin-nan Fu, and then, perhaps, after a time going on to
Ta-li Fu ; but from information received, Mr. Taylor
believes that that place will suit my wife's health better
than Yiin-nan Fu, and that it is a most important city.

So, you see, we believe that the Lord has been lead-
ing us through a painful path. Doubtless He saw best
to take our dear boy to Himself to send us there, for
if he had been spared we should not have thought of
leaving KwEl-CHAU. Then where is the married
missionary who could go as well as we ?

It will take us about forty days' travel in all to reach our
destination, of which we have perhaps done half. We
need, and I believe we shall have, your prayers that the
Lord will make us to sow abundantly, and that good
health may be granted to us. I anticipate an interesting

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