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worship. I could not but feel how miserable and false
were ail their hopes and efforts. Laying myself afresh
upon the "altar," I asked the Lord to take me and use
me much for His glory in this place. The power and
the glory are His ; hence we may claim much blessing,
with all boldness, may we not ? Already I believe the
Lord is answering prayer. This afternoon I have just
returned from paying a number of visits with a native
woman. At each place where I was invited to stop, quite
a crowd gathered togethei". We had excellent attention,
and a manifest interest on the part of not a few, some say-
ing they should come to our chapel to hear more.

In one house into which I was invited, there were
several ladies. Two young ladies were quite anxious to
hear of the Lord Jesus, asking me to tell them about
the " doctrine." Of course I at once responded, and put
it before them as clearly as I was able. Once the con-
versation drifted into another channel, but one of the
previously mentioned young ladies was not satisfied, and
asked me again to speak to them about the Lord Jesus.
They also wanted to know whether I would mind coming

every day and speaking to them, and would teach them
how to read.

Miss Hughes and I contemplate visiting some of the
out-stations should the Lord open our way so to do ; we
do not, however, think of starting until Mrs. Tomalin
arrives here. Mr. Pearse will be leaving next week, but
will return for us as soon as we are ready to start. The
pressing need of the work is very great ; but it does come
to me with increasing force that the spiritual prosperity
of our own souls must take Xh^ first place, or everything
will be a failure.

April 26th, 1882. — I believe there is an increasingly
friendly feeling on the part of the many people who have
hitherto been opposed to us here. Not a few doors have
been opened through our being able to give away a little
medicine, especially among the better class of people. I am
quite sure the Lord has given His blessing, for the results
have been most satisfactory. The work altogether is in-
tensely interesting, and I love it more and more.

I am delighted to hear of the safe arrival of our four
lady friends, and welcome them very warmly. The work
is, indeed, a great one to which we have consecrated our
lives — solemn, although happy beyond all expression. Is
it not a wondrous love that allows us to have such an in-
timate fellowship with the Lord Jesus, that with Him
we weep and rejoice over this people ?

Have we not much cause to praise the Lord for the
good news from Yun-nan in permitting His servants to
scatter the truth in that province ? One feels increasingly
the need and privilege of continuing instant in prayer for
such a work as this.

§iblc Colpnrtajgc m ^aii-Ijlviuj).


|ANUARY 23RD, 1882.— Shortly after breakfast this
morning I went with the two colporteurs into the streets
of Wu-hu, with fear and trembling, as I made this first
attempt at work ; but soon I felt GoD was v/itli me helping
me to speak, and for some five hours I had a good time of
preaching and selling books. During the day we sold eighty-
eight gospels and some thirty other books.

" January was spent in the same city. We preached in the
streets and in the public places such as tea-shops and eating-
houses. We sold seventy-seven gospels and fifty other books.

"Janiiaiy 26th. — Left Wu-hu thismorningfor a visit to several
towns, intending to preach andsell books. After a walk of twenty-five
li (seven or eight miles) we arrived at San-shan-kiao Chen, and
preached and sold books in some of the busy parts of the town ;
and going on reached Hwang-shan-kiao Chen late in the day.
Next morning we rose early and went to a small town, called
Ni-pu-kiao Chen, five li distant. Here for a short time I
preached and sold books, and returned. I was able to tell the
story of Christ the Saviour to good numbers of the people
who listened attentively. Sold a good number of books, and
started for Mo-kiao Chen, the next town in our route.

"/anuary T,\st. — Rain and snow have prevented our doing much
during the past few days, and, as I feared the weather was going
to continue bad some time, I thought of returning, especially as

the Chinese New Year was getting near. After prayer we de-
termined if possible the next morning to return till after the New
Year, and tlien (D.V.) get off again.

" February 2'jth. — The colporteurs having returned from Gan-
k'ing, we started, taking with us about 2,000 gospels and 1,000
or more other books.

'^February 2Zth. — -Left Ta-cheng-kiao Chen for T'ai-p'ing
Fu, and during the day sold 130 scriptures and books, and spent
a nice time with the church members there in the evening.

"March 2nd. — Yesterday snow prevented our going out. To-
day the weather was bright and we visited the three principal
gates of the city, and sold fifty gospels and sixty books.

" March yd. — On the road to-day I was accosted by a man
who asked me how we worshipped Jesus. Upon questioning him
I found he had bought books the year before in his town, and
having read them he told me he had given up the worship of
idols and the burning of incense.

" March i^th. — I intended leaving for Ho-chau, but hearing a
number of pilgrims were expected to visit a temple situated on
the hills two or three li distant, I determined to go and spend
the greater part of the day there. This I did, preaching
in two temples. We sold 169 gospels, etc., and 150 books.

" March (>th. — Reached Ho-chau to-day, and spent two hours
in preaching and selling books on the streets. The next day was



spent in the city. A man came to our inn at Chia-shih who had
heard the Gospel there. He stayed a day at Ho-chau to hear
more of the Gospel. In the evening we had a service for the
four coolies and invited him to jom us. This he did, and next
morning left saying he could see that the idols were false and he
would not worship them any more. He said he would go to our
chapel at T'ai-p'ing when he returned.

'^ March %th. — While on the streets to-day a scholar, whom I
invited to buy a book, said, ' Oh, we have Confucius ; you have
Jesus ; they are both sages.' I entered into conversation and
showed him the great difference. Afterwards he bought books
and said he would read them.

" We left Ho-chau early in the morning of the 9th, and
preached and sold books in several towns and villages through
which we passed. At Yao-p'u Chen, forty li from Ho-chau, we
found the people kind and willing to buy books. During the day
we sold 200 copies.

"March \ath and iifh. — Han-shan Hien. We sold about
400 books in this place. The people were rather inclined to be
rough at one time, but afterwards bought books and listened
to the preaching. My books having sold well I had not a suffi-
cient stock to go further north, so determined to return to Wu-
hu, where we arrived on the l5th, having sold about 3,000 books,
besides tracts, during the journey."

C'lynicsc Jfi^a^t 0f yuntcrns.


SEND you an account of an annual festival
called by foreigners the " Feast of Lanterns," as
celebrated here — one of those methods which
Satan adopts to delude the poor people. IVe took ad-
vantage of the festival to preach the Gospel to a number
of country people who came in to see the lanterns.

It was a very dark, cloudy night. Every house and
shop, with the exception of our own home, had three or
four lanterns hanging in rows. Muffled in red silk, they
cast a subdued light all down the street, which was very
pleasing, yet only seemed to make the darkness more in-
tense. The sound of gongs and cymbals, drums, fifes,
and fiddles, and brass trumpets announced the approach
of the procession, which was an hour or more passing
our house. The band of music came first, followed by
two artillerymen, who fired huge crackers whicii startled
the men and made the women and children scream. A
party of little ragged boys trotted after the fireworks,
each carrying a large square box of candles all blazing
away, their light being hidden by folds of calico cut out
in curious shapes, with holes for grotesque little figures
to dance in — not unlike the " shadow-shows '' we used to
make in the nursery in youthful days. When the ragged
urchins had played their part and passed on, an interval
of silence succeeded, broken only by whisperings among
the women, the men gazing stolidly down the street for
the appearance of the next part of the procession, and
smoking away at their pipes. Soft music was soon
heard, and several thin old gentlemen, blowing flutes and
others scraping on fiddles, seconded by boys tapping
gently on tambourines, put in an appearance in slow,
solemn step. They preceded a long train of respectable
citizens, each bearing a banner with his name upon it,
who came on two by two. The three lighted lanterns on
the head of each banner, swinging twenty feet in the air,
reflected light upon the gold characters pasted upon
crimson silk — characters praising all sorts of false gods,
too many to mention, for, like the devils spoken of in the
Bible, their name is " Legion." One hundred of these
banners passed us with their tiny, little bells tinkling as
they went along. When shall we have a hundred citizens of
Kin-hwa praising the name of the Lord Jesus publicly.''
Thank God, some of the poorer sort are pressing into
the kingdom ; but, alas ! the rich remain outside.

Suddenly the darkness was illumined by the arrival of
twelve little boys carrying lanterns, shaped like huge fish,
curved in a way which made them look very natural.
Some salmon preceded a number of blue dog-fish with
large goggle eyes, and such comical movements of their
flexible bodies. Candles burned inside each of the fish.
Occasionally, one would burn out, and an attendant boy.

with a big bundle of candles, would rush into the proces
sion and repair the damage with as much importance as I
a new policeman or an old waiter.

While I was thinking how much I should like to get
these boys into a school and teach them about jESUS,
another band of music headed a string of lads who each
bore a green lantern shaped like a grasshopper, with
candles shining through the green paper with such a fan-
tastic light. They moved about very steadily, exhibiting
far too much dignity for grasshoppers. Then came more
big and little fishes, more music, crackers, and banners,
then a couple of lanterns like fighting cocks, pecking and
striking at each other in a most furious manner. This
effect was caused by strings pulled from below by the men
carrying the lanterns. A tremendous explosion of
crackers followed, and, surrounded by smoke and flame, a
huge dragon made its appearance. Its head was made
of wood, richly carved and gilded, and it was surrounded by
a crest of about eighty coloured lanterns, in which red was
the prevailing colour. This head, which reared up, was
borne on a frame by about forty men. The body was in
curves, and as it twisted, and groaned, and curled hither
and thither it reminded one of that "old serpent,'' who
has so long deceived this poor people. The long, coloured
body, with illuminated scales of red, green, and yellow,
was one hundred a?id seventy feet long, and was carried by
eighty-five coolies. No sooner had the dragon gone
than a tremendous chattering began among the people :
" What a fine sight ! How cleverly managed ! " etc ,
etc., with other remarks which clearly indicated that the
dragon was the main feature of the procession.

More fish — big and little, red, green, blue, and yellow —
more crackers, music, shadow-shows, more banners borne
by all sorts of people. Then clanging cymbals, special
honours in the way of fireworks, and, amid a cloud of in-
cense, a big, gilded idol passed on, borne by coolies and
attended by priests. Next came a miniature temple, with
gardens all complete, lighted with wax tapers. A cry of
delight arose from the people when a cluster of lanterns,
ten feet high by fifteen feet round, made in imitation of
a greatly prized fiower passed by. It was inexpressibly
beautiful. This flower in nature is like a red dahlia, but
as large as a small cabbage when cultivated.

Now came eight or ten mythical scenes taken from the
history of China, in various ways attended by music.
The ground-work of these set pieces was illuminated ;
and in the midst of paper trees, mountains, and rocks,
sat little boys and tiny girls proudly showing their_ grand
dresses as emperors and empresses of the olden time.

These idol-processions, how they bind the hearts of the
people to their false gods ! Front infancy to the grave,



their joys and holidays are all in some way or other
mixed up with idolatry. Sober merchants, acute officials,
intelligent scholars, kind-hearted matrons, winning girls,
and bold, handsome lads— all with many features that
draw out love, if with some which repel — are the slaves of

these false teachings which are Satan's devices. Pray
for them, and for us who live among them, and do all you
can to love and serve Him who loved us, even to the
death of the cross. To the ever-blessed and only True
God be eternal glory and praise. Amen.

Hiscatorial |nbustm 011 tl^c (Srcat |libcr.

{Fivin the "Shanghai Courier.")

HE VARIOUS modes of rearing and catching
fish in vogue among the Chinese have often been
described and expatiated upon by foreign writers,
but there is one branch of this industry of which we do
not remember having met with any account before, and
which is so characteristic of the people as to be worth

In the upper reaches of the Yang-tsi, about Kiu-kiang
and Han-kow, the river, as is well known, rises about
midsummer to a very great height, the difference be-
tween extreme high and low water being from thirty-five
to forty-five feet. But not only is the river-bed itself
thereby affected, but the whole basin, extending for
hundreds of miles on either side, with its thousands of
streams, canals, lakes, and ponds, flows and ebbs with
the main stream. It thus happens that many water-ways
which in summer are deep enough to float a small man-
of-war, are, by mid-winter or early spring, either quite
dry, or reduced to the dimensions of a muddy ditch.

As the water ebbs, the fish that may happen to be in
these streams fall an easy prey, and numberless traps
and snares are laid by the wily natives, as they seek in
vain to follow the current. What with dams, and baskets,
and drag-nets, escape is impossible, and by the time low
water is reached, hardly a fish is left.

The industry which we are now referring to has for its
object the replenishing of these inland waters with young
fish. Left to themselves, very few would find their way
from the main stream to the remote creeks. The water
supply consists rather of what is dammed back than of
what runs in, and as none are left to spawn, it follows
that a fruitful source of wholesome food would, in default
of artificial aid, be lost to the people. The modus
operandi is as follows. Large boats are fitted up with
rows of racks running cross-wise, on which are placed,
in tiers one above another, innumerable small wicker
baskets, made watertight with oil paper, in the usual
manner of oil jars, each capable of holding about half a-
gallon. In the month of May these boats arrive on the
scene of operation, which is all along the banks of the
Yang-tsi at the small bays and eddies, where, experience
has taught them, the young fry just developed from the
spawning beds at the bottom of the river are to be found.

In anticipation of their arrival the natives about such
favoured spots have been busy catching fry. Two men
prepare a row of jars or wide-mouthed oil baskets, and
set to work to fill them with buckets dipped haphazard
into the muddy stream. Each jar will then be seen to
contain a considerable number of the tiniest young
minnows, not more than halt-an-inch in length, which go
darting through the water with great rapidity. They
next take a shallow wicker vessel, upon which a piece of
grass cloth is stretched, and dipping this in the jar in
such a way that the water flows through the grass cloth
while the fry are kept back, they scoop out the water
with the hand, or with a wooden scoop, until only a little
is left in the bottom, which, of course, is now swarming
with young fry. Then they re-fill the jar from the river,
as before, and repeat the scooping operation, and so on,

each time increasing the proportion of young fry to
water, until the requisite density has been arrived at.
This may be a matter of days, more or less, according to
the success they have, the operators meantime fixing up
a temporary hut, and sleeping all night by their jars.

The fish boats, prepared as we have said, go along
from place to place and buy the fry from these collectors,
distributing them in due proportion in the small wicker
basins with which they are provided. When complete,
each boat will carry from a thousand to fifteen hundred
of these basins, each basin containing four or five thousand
fish. Thus a single boat will carry a living freight of
7,500,000 ! Some idea of the magnitude of this trade
will be formed when we say that at the present time there
are thirty-five of these boats loading about Kiu-kiang

When complete, these boats start on their homeward
journey, travelling mostly down the Po-yang lake, and
up one or other of the numerous streams that debouch
into that main thoroughfare, selling the fry as they go.
In this way the supply is carried some three hundred
miles, to the remotest towns in Kiang-si, and it is said
some are even carried by land, over the water-shed, into
the adjoining provinces of Fuh-kien and Kwang-tung.
Much care and attention must necessarily be devoted to
keeping the fry in good condition. They are fed at first
with the yolk of egg, and afterwards with rice, bean-
curd, and such like : the water must be frequently changed,
and as the first ones are sold off, those remaining must
be distributed afresh among the empty basins, so as to
give them room to grow. For they grow with great
rapidity, and so numerous are they at starting that they
would soon grow themselves out of their dish. Before
they are all sold off — a process that takes about two
months — they will have grown from the merest speck of
jelly, so small that the untrained eye can scarcely tell
what they will turn out to be, to healthy young fish of
three inches in length. Placed in the rich feeding
grounds which newly-submerged plains and marshes
would be, they grow before winter to a foot and a half or
two feet in length, and if they chance to survive to
another year, to three feet and upwards. The kind of
fish thus dealt with are mostly varieties of the carp and
perch, known locally as the kwci-yu, po-yu, cJii-yii, and
other names. They form very fair eating, as residents on
the Yang-tsi can testify.

A very large supply of cheap food is thus provided for the
natives, which otherwise it would be impossible for them
to procure, and which they would find it impossible to
replace. The poverty of the lower classes in China puts
butcher's meat out of the question for them, excepting
always the inevitable pork, and even that can only be
indulged in very sparingly by a great number. The sea
is a never-failing source of toothsome articles for the
coast dwellers, but inland people cannot afford to pay
the enhanced price which the present system of trans-
port entails. In this way, however, a wholesome article
of diet is brought to their doors, and a large population
enabled to live in comparative comfort.



.^outbcrn §^ban-si.


{From a Idler lorittcn on iJie i\lli December, 1S81.)

liHE worl< in and around T'lng-jMng Fu is pro
gressin;; slowly, but really progressing. The
baptised Ciiristians continue steadfast, and the
inquirers are earnest in the pursuit of Christian truth ;
while the spirit of inquiry is being aroused in several
others. These blessings having been already bestowed,
we hope and expect more will be given.

As the Christians and inquirers live in different villages,
and some at a considerable distance from the city, the
custom has been established of inviting them all, with
their friends, to spend one Sabbath in each quarter with
us. This plan gives us a good opportunity for fellowship
with those who come, and secures them the benefit of
contact with their fellow Christians and inquirers. We
have just held one of these quarterly gatherings, and a
very profitable time it was. Altogether thirteen men
came, and remained with us from Saturday until Monday.
These men reside in five different places. The effect
of the meetings, therefore, will be somewhat widely

diffused. We commenced with a prayer-meeting on
Saturday evening, and on Sunday morning at seven o'rlock
we held another meeting for prayer. During the day we
had two regular services, followed in the evening by the
Lord's Supper. On Monday inorning, at an early hour,
we met again for prayer, and thus brought the services to
a close.

What will be the result of these meetings we cannot say ;
but this we know, that upon arriving at home each man
would be interrogated by his friends and neighbours, in
proper Chinese style, as to what was done and said ; and
we know also that each question would be answered most
minutely. Apart, therefore, from the blessings which
each of our visitors would personally receive, there would
be an interest aroused in the breast of many others also,
and much truth imparted to them. We commit this
work to Him whose work it is, praying that it may be for
the glory of His Name in this neighbourhood.

%x\d llotcs.

Mr. STEVENSON writes from BhamO on March 7th ;—
" I had looked forward with some interest to going into Yun-
nan this season, and could have gone in at any time so far as
the Kah-chens were concerned ; but being single-handed, I felt
that the claims of the work here were paramount. I never had
a season of such excellent opportunities for preaching ; and I never
saw the truth excite so much interest — nor at times such stern
opposition. This, however, is much better than indifference.

" The time appears to me to have come when reinforcements
for this place are urgent. Now we can go into YuN-NAN when-
ever we please during the dry season— November to April ; the
trade, moreover, is now starting direct from Bhamu (going to
Lung-chuen, the Shan State I visited in 1S79— or through
Moung-mao, and on to Lung-ling and Yung-chang Fu), We have
had over 5iOOO animals here already this season, and another
large caravan is expected in a few days. The truth, too, is
spreading, A Chinese traveller, of rather more than ordinary
intelligence, said here last night : ' You Jesus-religion-people
put loyalty, filial piety— and in fact everything — after Jesus.
He is everything to you, even before father and mother ! ' I
consider this not a bad testimony to come from a heathen. For
about two months I have had a IvlANG-si man as an inquirer ;
he attends our Sunday services very regularly."

Mr. GEO. ANDREW writes from Yiin-nan Fu on March
14th : — " Thanks for the money the Lord has .sent through
you. He supplies, and will supply, our every need — not perhaps
all we want, but certainly all we need — He knows best, and in
Him we trust.

" Brother Eason has completed his first journey from this
city. We intend preaching and selling books together here for
several days ; but next week I expect to leave for a journey.

" We have not yet got a teacher, but we shall probably have
one in a few days.

" A man name Z/ has paid us several visits. He has heard
the Gospel before, and I think understands it pretty well. He
seems a fine, frank man, with some energy in him. We are
praying the Lord to work mightily in him, leading him to
repentance and faith."

Mr. EASON writes from the same place on March 15 th : —
' ' Last Friday evening I returned from a tour of seventeen days,
after visiting a circuit of towns to the north-west of the city,
which I believe to have been previously unvisited. We did our
best both to speak and to sell books, and I think the sales were
good, considering the few towns and the distance covered. On
my return I was thankful to find that silver and letters had
arrived. My funds were very low, but I knew the Lord would

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