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always filled with men and women in about equal numbers.
Our preaching- room on the street cannot seat more than
seventy or eighty ; continually it is overcrowded, and the
men who press in must stand. Women likewise come
in, but have no place to sit. Surely accommodation
ought to be provided for them ] Had we halls capable of
seating four or five hundred, we might get fine large con-
gregations, and could then partition off' room for the women.
I am strongly of opinion that we should have two large
commodious chapels, far removed from each other ; and

afterwards smaller preaching-halls, and in different parts
of the city.

"Some medical work has been carried on for several
years, and has borne good fruit. The first part of each
day is almost entirely occupied by Mr. Thompson and
Miss Fausset in giving away medicine and attending to
the bandaging. We are well known throughout the city,
and are called night and day to attend opium-poisoning
cases. Sometimes there are three or four in a day. The
good feehng produced by these efforts is universal, or
almost so, and has much to do with the readiness with
which many come to hear the Gospel.

" The boys' and girls' schools are quite full : there are
some thirty-two boys ; about the same number of girls.
These schools might be readily tripled in number ; and
I think there is everything to recommend such a course.
There were two conversions amongst the boys last year :
both are true Christians ; and there are marks of further
blessing in both schools at the present time. I hope to
baptise three candidates shortly."

Details cannot be given here of Mr. D. Thompson's itinerations to the south, north, and
east of Chen-tu. It may be stated, however, that on the two former of these journeys he travelled

* Mr. Trench has had missionary experience in the following provinces : — Shan-tung, Kiang-SU,
KlANG-Sl, Ho-NAN, Hu-PEH, Hu-NAN, KwEl-CHAU, and YuN-NAN, besides Sl-CH'UEN.



2,89s li (nearly 900 miles), and sold forty-four New Testaments, 3,227 Gospels, and quarter-parts of
Testaments, for 23,340 copper cash. On the first journey seventy-two cities, towns, and villages,
were visited ; the Gospel was preached in each, and portions of Scripture and Christian tracts were
sold. The tracts disposed of nearly equalled the portions of the Word of GOD in numbers. This
journey occupied twenty-two days. The second journey included over one hundred towns and
villages and sixteen cities, and occupied forty-seven days. The third journey was not completed
when Mr. Thompson wrote.

On March 21st Dr. Edwards, Mr. and Mrs. Eason, and Miss Stroud, safely reached Ch'ung-
k'ing, en ro2ite for YUN-NAN. They purposed remaining at Ch'ung-k'ing for the present.

Irnbintc 0! |ltuex-j:Ija;u.

The cstimaied population of this province exceeds that of Scotland; its area is tivice that of


Station ... KWEI-YANG FU, 1S77. Missionaries ... Mr. Broumton, 1S75.

Converts Baptised, Chinese, 5. Mrs. Broumton, 1S77.

„ „ Miao-tsi, 3. ASSISTANT ... Ts'EN TSI-KUAN.

Girls' Boarding-School, 13. School Matron ... Hsu Nai-nai.

At Kwei-yang Fu, the capital of the Kwei-chau province, Mr. and Mrs. Broumton have had to
work alone during the past year, as reinforcement of this station has not been practicable. Under
these circumstances missionary journeys have been impossible. A new school-house has been buijt
for the accommodation of the girls in boarding-school. The pleasure Mrs. Broumton has had in
seeing the LoRD working among the children has been referred to in the May number of China's

A shop has also been opened for the sale of Christian publications and to afford opportunities
for conversation with the purchasers. A large number of cases of poisoning by opium have been
treated ; often with success. Two members have been added to the Church by baptism during the
year ; and the attendance at the preaching-hall has often given encouragement to our brother and
his native helper.

It is a saddening thought that there is no mission station in the whole of this province, which
is twice the size of Ireland, except Kwei-yang Fu ; and that in this station our brother and sister
are the only missionary labourers. This province is easily accessible and healthy, and only two
months' journey from Shanghai. Brothers or sisters in CllRiST have travelled to and fro in it
without difficulty or annoyance, and have ever found a ready ear for their message. Will^not some
one, ere long, hear the Macedonian cry of these lonely workers, " Come over and help us " .'

Urobiuxc 0f Jii-nan.

The estimated popidation of this province exceeds four times that of Scotland ; its area is about
equal to the area of England and Wales, and half that of Scotland.

Head-Quarters ... HUNG-KIANG, 18S2. Missionary ... Mr. A. C. Dorward.

Native Assistants ... Li Sien-Seng, Yao Shang-teh.

The difficulties of work in this province are well-known. A review, however, of God's dealings
with Mr. Dorward during the past year calls for much thankfulness. The last anniversary (May
26th, 1882) found him quietly living in an inn at Ch'ang-teh Fu. He stayed at this city six days ;
part of the time on shore, and part of the time on a boat, which he engaged to take him to Hung-
kiang, where, as our friends will know, he had rented part of a house a few months before. He
reached Hung-kiang on June 17th, and found his native helpers living in peace, and remained with
them quietly working until the end of September. Then he took a journey through the province,
visited Wu-ch'ang, and set out again for Hu-NAN, on the most encouraging tour he ever took in
that province. Som^e account of this journey will be found in the June number of China's



On his return from that journey, he arranged for another missionary itineration through the
province, to be extended (D.V.) as far as the capital of the adjoining province KWANG-SI. Our
brother feels the trial of working alone very much, and is earnestly praying GOD to provide him
with a suitable fellow-labourer. It is hoped that among the seventy for whom prayer is being made
a duly qualified brother may be found willing to devote himself to this arduous work.

We subjoin a few quotations from Mr. Dorward's letters : —

" Ch\ing-teh Fu, May idth, 1882. — Truly the LORD our
God is good ; therefore we will praise Him. God has
prospered us, and has given us throughout this stage of
our journey a good time. I trust that our efforts, through
God's blessing, may have been to the eternal welfare of
souls. The people were as a whole quiet, and took com-
paratively little notice of me [Mr. Dorward being in
native dress], and I am glad to say not a few seemed
pleased to listen to the Gospel. We stayed nearly three
days at Ts'en-shi, and had a fine time. We sold many
books, did a little preaching, and spent two very pleasant
evenings with a man named Ting, who appears not far
from the Kingdom. He called at the inn to buy our
books, and we entered into conversation with him. He
then took us to his home. He appears to have been grop-
ing for some time in the dark in search for the Truth : I
trust that God by His Spirit may soon reveal the Lord
Jesus to him. The next evening he again called, and
took us along to his house. He has a flourishing business,
and his only desire seems to be to know the Truth. If he
were converted, I think he would be one of the right kind
of Christians. Let us pray GoD to save him, and set him
to work among his friends and neighbours. How
encouraging it would be if God were thus to make up for
the lack of European helpers !

"We ne.Kt visited Li-chun, Gan-fuh Hien,Shih-men Hien,
and Tsi-li Hien. We spent two nights and a day at each
of the three first cities, and three nights and two days at
the last. None of these places are large or busy, but our
sales of books were moderately good, and the work
encouraging. A man who met me on my first journey in
Hu-NAN is living in Shih-men Hien. He came into the
inn and spent the greater part of an evening with us. He
appears a little interested in the truth, but not so deeply as
Ting. May the LoRD convince him of sin, and save
him !

"We arrived here (Ch'ang-teh Fu) on Tuesday, the 23rd

inst., and lived in an inn outside the small west gate
until Thursday. We distributed sheet-tracts in the streets
of that suburb yesterday, and to-day in the shops outside
the north gate, after which we addressed a company of
people inside the city.

" May 2()th. — We are just leaving Ch'ang-teh for Hung-

"Wu-ch'ang, November 15M. — We have good reason to
be encouraged as to the work in Hu-nan, though I wish
our progress were quicker. My last visit to the province
has occupied six months, and has been more encouraging
than any previous one. When I left Hung-kiang there
were at least six or seven who appeared to be interested
in the Truth. This being my first effort towards settled
work in the province, the people are doubtless somewhat
afraid to have much to do with us openly ; but I feel sure
that if we had more of the power of the Holy Spirit in
our own souls, and in our work, we should soon see some
coming out boldly for OUR LORD. One of the China
feasts occurred just a few days before I came away, and
during those two or three days, and the day that I left, I
had quite a number of little presents given to me — viz.,
five pieces of pork (14 lbs. or so in all), four ducks, a
basket full of bamboo sprouts, several pounds of grapes
and pears, and about a dozen packets containing biscuits
and confectionary, an evidence, 1 think, of the good feeling
amongst the people who were coming about us. Pray
very specially for the work at Hung-kiang ; also for Mr.
Li, Mr. Yao, and for myself individually.

'■'■March ■^ith, 1883. — I expect to leave on Monday for
a long journey. It will probably be three months before
I reach Hung-kiang. I feel my own weakness, and there
is a feeling of suspense as to the reception we may have ;
but God reigneth over the heathen, and my trust is in
Him. If only my soul is continually filled with His
presence, come what may I know all will be well."

jrnbhrte nf ^toaiT0-sl

JJie estimated population of this province about equals that of Irelattd ; its area is itvice and a half

Missionaries Designated

larger than Scotland.

Stations, None.

Resident Missionaries, None,

W. Macgregor, 1882 {deceased).
Marcus F. Wood, 1883.

Our deceased brother, Macgregor, had the needs of this province much laid upon his heart. He
was preparing for his journey westward when the attack of small-pox which proved fatal laid him
low. His own prayers for a companion, and ours for a successor, have been answered. Our brother,
Mr. Marcus Wood, offered himself for work in this province. He has been designated for labour
there as soon as he has acquired a sufficient knowledge of the language. In the meantime, our brother,
Mr. A. C. Dorward, labouring in the adjoining province of Hu-NAN, has set out for the capital of
KWANG-SI. He expected to reach that province during the latter half of the month of May, and,
in attempting work in this province, needs our special prayers, as many in Kwei-lin, the capital,
have strong anti-foreign feeling. Those of our friends who have been earnestly praying for
KwANG-Si will hear with pleasure of the designation of Mr. Wood, and of Mr. Dorward's

{To be concluded in our next.)

THE PORT OF SHANGHAI.— (See *age loo.


" Blessed be the LORD — because He hath heard the voice of my supplications.

" The LORD is my strength and -my shield ;

" My heart trusted in Him and I am helped:
" Therefore my heart greatly rejoicethj — and with my song will I praise Him!'

Psalm xxviii. 6, 7.

''F ANY OF GOD'S children may find in these words appropriate
utterance to reheve their glad hearts, surely we may ! It is but as yester-
day since each one of the provinces referred to in the portion of the
report printed last month was an unbroken mass of heathenism. How
often and how long we cried to the LORD to give the men, and to send
them to these provinces, which seemed so sealed, is well known to our
readers ; as also how He opened the door by the Che-foo convention
when — and not before — the men were already in China, had acquired the
language, and were prepared to go forward.

Now we have had the joy of reporting localised as well as itinerant
work in nearly all, and have had the further joy of recording more than 150 conversions in
these recently opened provinces, being some in each, except Kwang-SI. The conclusion of
the report, given in the present number, refers more especially to our older work, and calls
no less loudly for thanksgiving and praise. Blessed be the Lord, because He hath heard the
voice of our supplications.

While realising in China the remarkable progress of GOD's work in the different districts,

_ we were often much cast on Him for pecuniary help, and here again, in many and remarkable

ways. He heard the voice of our supplications. This was specially the case during the last three

months of 1882. In the months July, August, and September we had received from home, besides

NO. 98. — AUGUST, 1883.



special donations, over ;^ 2,000 for the general purposes of the Mission; but during October,
November, and December only ;^ 393 19s. 6d. was received for these general purposes, a sum very-
far from sufficient for the wants of any one month.

In October we were looking with special expectancy for liberal supplies, as moneys for the
expenses of long journeys seemed needed ; and when we received our letters at table, and eagerly
opening one of them, found, instead of the hoped-for ;^700 or ;^8oo, or more, only ^96 9s. 5d., we
shall not soon forget our feelings ! We closed the envelope again, and soon sought our closet, and
locking the door, knelt down and spread the letter before the Lord, asking Him what was to be
done with less than £<)'J, a sum which it was impossible to distribute over seventy stations, in
which were eighty or ninety missionaries (including the wives), not to speak of about 100 native
helpers and over 100 native children to be boarded and clothed in our schools. Having first
ourselves rolled the burden on the LORD, we then told the need to others of our Mission in Chefoo ;
and we unitedly looked to Him to come to our aid, but let no hint even of our circumstances be
given outside.

Soon the answers began to come, in local gifts from kind friends who little knew the peculiar
value of their donations, and in other ways ; and ere long all the needs of the month were met,
and met without our being burdened for one hour with anxious care. We had similar experiences
in November, and again in December ; and on each occasion, after spreading the letter before the
Lord, left the burden with Him, and were "helped." Therefore our hearts greatly rejoice, and
with our song will we "praise Him."

^^^^^^^^^AtV^ ^Tcu^ry

lleport far ilje ^mx tntring



T/ie estimated population of this province is nearly five and a half times that of Scotland ; its
area is larger than that of England and Wales by abont one-sixth.

Station ... WU-CH'ANG, 1S74. Missionary ... Mr. J. J. Coulthard, 1879.

Converts Baptised from commencement, 31. N.a.tive Helper... One Business Helper.

The health of Mr. Coulthard has been sustained during the year, and he has thus been able to
transact the necessary mission business, which, as the subsequent extract will show, is at this station
both constant and heavy, requiring Mr. Coulthard's whole time during the week.

The services on the Lord's l5ay have not been without encouragement, and in October he had
the joy of baptising two persons, and at the same time reported three promising candidates. Wu-
ch'ang is one of the stations which has been robbed of its best members for the benefit of other
and distant stations. From this cause, added to the cases of death, removal, discipline, etc., the
number of communicants meeting in VVu-ch'ang is reduced to about fourteen. The services, how-
ever, of those absent on duty are much more valuable in other stations ; where, in several cases,
they and those to whom they have been blessed are the only witnesses for the LORD jESUS

MR. COULTHARD writes :-

" The work here is growing, so that from early on
Monday morning till oftentimes late on Saturday evening
my hands are full. Letters are continually arriving from

the interior or ports demanding attention ; business
matters are incessantly being transacted for the brethren
in the interior. Then there is the distribution and packing-



up of silver, and letters, for the various stations — not to
speak of Bibles, Gospels, tracts, medicines and stores of
various kinds. All this necessitates frequent journeys
across the river, which always take up a good deal of
time, and sometimes involve no little difficulty and
danger. We often feel much cramped for want of more

room, especially when several missionaries are staying
here. On Sundays two services are held ; one in the
morning, the other in the afternoon. The former is
usually devoted to the benefit of the members of the
church, the latter is more especially an evangelistic service
for outsiders."


Station ... FAN-CH'ENG, 187S.

Converts Baptised from commencement, 2

Native Helpers...

Mr. Henry W. Hunt, 1879.
Mrs. Hunt, 187S.
Mr. and Mrs. Hu.

The work at this station during the year, though not without encouragement, has been less
productive than we anticipated. Great distress caused by the floods, and poHtical excitement for
a time, operated unfavourably. Still a few opium-smokers were cured, and Mr. Hunt was encouraged
to believe that two or three had passed from death unto life. The urgent necessity for reinforcing
the work to the north-west has led to the removal of Mr. and Mrs. Hunt to Kan-SUH. In the
meantime the native helpers are left alone at Fan-ch'eng, with occasional visits from Mr. Sambrook,
and need our special prayers.

Before proceeding to the regions beyond, Mr. and Mrs. Hunt had the refreshment of a visit to
Gan-k'ing, and also a short sojourn at Wu-ch'ang while Mr. Coulthard was absent on business.
Referring to the happy conference at Gan-k'ing,

MR. HUNT writes :-

" We look back with pleasure to the season of refresh-
ment we spent with you at Gan-k'ing, and trust that
blessed results of the meetings held there are yet to
follow, besides those already apparent. It would be good
indeed if the great need of China were laid as a burden
upon the heart of every missionary in China, and upon the
hearts of Christians in other countries also. Then there
would surely be a great crying to our faithful God for
help and blessing ; workers would be filled with the
Spirit and made powerful for service ; gold and silver
at present lying idle would be produced as a thank-

offering to Jehovah ; and instead of missionaries being
numbered by fifties and hundreds, extra ciphers would
soon have to be added to all missionary statistics. Alas
for the sin of unbelief ! How often it prevents joy in the
presence of the angels of GOD, and shuts doors of
entrance in the face of the doubting servant ! May
God deliver us from it, and give us hearts like Caleb's,
that we may go in and possess the land, notwithstand-
ing all the giants of idolatry and other sins that are
before us."

||r0bhra of ^int-Ijltiii^»

The estimated population of this province is nearly equal to that of Scotla^id and Ireland ; its
area is tnore than one-half larger than that of Ireland.


GAN-K'ING, 1869.

WU-HU, 1873.

Ta-t'ung, 1873.
T'ai-p'ing, 1S74.
Chi-chau, 1874.

NiNG-KWOH, 1874.
HWUY-CHAU, 1875.

Native Assistants. ..Two Pastors.

Five Evangelists. .

Five Colporteurs.
Converts Baptised at Station and Out-stations

Missionaries ... Rev. E. Pearse, 1876 (aiJj^;;/).

Mrs. Pearse, 1875 i>

Rev. E. Tomalin, 1879.

Mrs. Tomalin, 1866.

Mr. Wm. Cooper, i88i.

Mr. T. Protheroe, iSSi.

Miss Hughes, 1876.

Miss Findlay, 1882.

Miss Evans, 1883.

Miss Goodman, 1883.

Miss Williams, 1883.
from commencement, 91.


Our work in the province of Gan-HWUY has been partly itinerant, and partly localised
in the stations and out-stations mentioned above. The visitation of the out-stations, which
all lie south of the Yang-tsi-kiang, naturally leads to missionary journeying in the surrounding dis-
tricts. Some itinerant work has also been done north of the river ; but not nearly so much as



we had hoped for, as the long illness of Mr. Cooper from fever, and the illness and death of
Mr. Macgregor from small-pox, precluded all work of that kind for several months.

By far the most interesting and encouraging journey was the one taken by Mr. Tomalin, in
November and December, to Ku-cheng-tsih, on the border of the Gan-hwuy province, two days'
journey north of Nankin. He found that the work of a Christian soldier had been blessed to
many, and baptised eleven persons, two of them women. There were a considerable number of
others interested in the Truth ; and as they reside in several different villages, there is good reason
to hope that the work so auspiciously commenced will spread through the surrounding country.
Further details of this work will be found in the report of the KlANG-SU work, though the converts
baptised are included in the ninety-one mentioned above.

Localised Work.

In Gan-k'ing the Gospel has been daily preached throughout the year, and a few souls have
been added to the Lord. The visitation of the women in their own homes, especially by Miss
Fausset and Miss Southall before their removal to Sl-CH'UEN, has been very encouraging so far as
the women are concerned, and has also led to a striking increase of friendly feeling on the part of
a large number of the inhabitants towards the missionaries. This improved state of feeling has
likewise been increased by the distribution of simple medicines — Mr. Tomalin doing what he could
for the men, while Miss Southall cared for the women in another part of the premises.

In the schools there have been additions to the number of boarders, and one or two of the girls
have professed faith in Christ. One of the older girls — married to a native preacher working
in Wu-hu — is proving useful among the women of that place.

The work in the out-stations has been referred to in China's Millions, and the interesting
account of the five persons recently baptised at T'ai-p'ing Fu was published in the June number.

Two conferences of our missionaries were held in Gan-k'ing during the year, and were attended
with much blessing. At the second the presence of our brother Macgregor was missed, as we re-
membered the holy joy with which he entered, heart and soul, into the first. On one of the after-
noons of the conference his grave was visited. It is beautifully situated in a lovely valley, a few
li north of the city. The valley lies between two ranges of low rolling hills, closed in at the mouth
by the mighty Yang-tsi-kiang. The occasion was well calculated to make all feel alike the blessed-
ness, and the responsibility, of our position as witnesses for CHRIST in this vast and needy land.


March \%th, 1882. — Yesterday Miss Southall arrived,
and, I hope, willjoin Miss Fausset, who has been visiting
the women regularly. Mr. Protheroe returned from his
first journey this morning, having sold all his books. He
is delighted with the journey, and I am glad that he has
received such favourable impressions of the work.

March 20th, 1SS2. — We had large congregations yester-
day, both of men and women. Chapel full and crowded
out at the morning service. Miss Fausset had invited the
women to come.

IVii-hii, April 3o//i, 1882. — I spent last Sunday at
Chf-chau Fu : we had a good time there, and this morning
a nice service here.

July Sth, 1 882 {to Mrs. Douthwaite).—U.x. Taylor has
recently spent a week here : we had some splendid
meetings, and were quite a large company for Gan-k'ing —
twelve missionaries in all.

Numbers are hearing the Gospel, so we confidently look
for the harvest in due season. Mr. Tomalin takes charge
of the work during my proposed absence in England.
Messrs. Cooper and Protheroe will assist Mr. Tomalin,
but they expect mainly to itinerate for the present. Mr.

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