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Ijaac Still to watch over himfelf and not to be difcour-
aged ; for I hoped the f torm would foon paf s by.

In the afternoon all the captains gathered together in
the middle town; they fent for us, and defired we fhould
give them information of our meffage. Accordingly we
did. We read the meffage with great fatisf action to
them. It was a great pleafure both to them and us.
The number of captains and counfellors were fixteen.
In the evening meffengers arrived from fort Duquejne,
with a ftring of wampum from the commander; upon
which they all came together in the houfe where we
lodged. The meffengers delivered their ftring, with
thefe words from their father, the French King:

''My children, come to me, and hear what I have to
fay. The Englijh are coming with an army to deftroy
both you and me. I therefore defire you immediately,

256 Early Western Travels [Vol. i

my children, to haften with all the young men; we will
drive the EngUjh and deftroy them. I, as a father, will
tell you always what is beft." He laid the ftring before
one of the captains. After a little converfation, the cap-
tain ftood up and faid; "I have juft heard fomething of
our brethren the Englijh, which pleafeth me much better.
I will not go. Give it to the others, may be they will go."
The meffenger took up again the ftring and faid, "He
won't go, he has heard of the Englijh.' ^^^ Then all
cried out, ''yes, yes, we have heard from the Englijh.' '
He then threw the ftring to the other fire place, where the
other captains were; but they kicked it from one to
another, as if it was a fnake. Captain Peter took a
ftick, and with it flung the ftring from one end of the
room to the other, ^^ and faid, "Give it to the French
captain, and let him go with his young men; he boafted
much of his fighting; now let us fee his fighting. We
have often ventured our lives for him; and had hardly
a loaf of bread, when we came to him; and now he thinks
we fhould jump to ferve him.' ' Then we faw the French
captain mortified to the uttermoft; he looked as pale as
death. The Indians difcourfed and joked till midnight;
and the French captain fent meffengers at midnight to
jort Duquejne.

2 1 ft. — We were informed that the general was within
twenty miles of jort Duquejne. As the Indians were
afraid the Englijh would come over the river Ohio, I
fpoke with fome of the captains, and told them that,
' ' I f uppofed the general intended to furround the French,

** i. e. He has liftened to the Englijh meffengers. — [C. T. ?]

** Kicking the ftring about, and throwing it with a ftick, not touching it
with their hands, were marks of difUke of the meffage, that accompanied it.
— [C. T.?]

1758] Post's 'Journals 257

and therefore muft come to this fide the river; but we
affure you that he will not come to your towns to hurt
you." I begged them to let the Shawaneje at Logjtown,
know it, and gave them four ftrings of 300 wampum,
with this meffage; "Brethren, we are arrived with good
news, waiting for you ; we defire you to be ftrong, and
remember the ancient friendfhip your grandfathers had
with the Englijh. We wifh you would remember it, and
pity your young men, women and children, and keep
away from the French; and if the Englijh fhould come
to furround the French, be not afraid. We affure you
they won't hurt you.' '

2 2d. — Kittiujkund came home, and fent for us, being
very glad to fee us. He informed us, the general was
within fifteen miles of the French jort; that the French
had uncovered their houfes, and laid the roofs round the
fort to fet it on fire, and made ready to go off, and would
demolifh the fort, and let the Englijh have the bare
ground; faying; "they are not able to build a ftrong fort
this winter; and we will be early enough in the fpring
to deftroy them. We will come with feventeen nations
of Indians, and a great many French, and build a ftone

The Indians danced round the fire till midnight, for
joy of their brethren, the Englijh, coming. There went
fome fcouting parties towards the army. Some of the
captains told me, that Shamokin Daniel, who came
with me in my former journey, had fairly fold me to the
French; and the French had been very much difpleafed
that the Indians had brought me away.

23d. — The liar raifed a ftory, as if the Englijh were
divided into three bodies, to come on this fide the river.
They told us the Cayugas, that came with us, had faid

258 Early Western Travels [Vol. i

fo. We told the Cayugas of it; on which they called
the other Indians together; denied that they ever faid fo;
and faid, they were fent to this place from the Five
Nations, to tell them to do their be ft endeavors to fend
the French off from this country ; and when that was done
they would go and tell the general to go back over the

I fee the Indians concern themfelves very much about
the affair of land ; and are continually jealous, and afraid
the Englijh will take their land. I told them to be ftill
and content themfelves, "for there are fome chiefs
of the Five Nations with the army; they will fettle the
affair, as they are the chief owners of the land ; and it will
be well for you to come and fpeak with the general
yourf elves.' '

Ijaac Still afked the French captain, whether it was
true, that Daniel had fold me to the French ? He owned
it, and faid, I was theirs, they had bought me fairly; and,
if the Indians would give them leave, he would take me.

24th. — We hanged out the Englijh flag, in fpite of the
French; on which our prif oners folded their hands, in
hopes that their redemption was nigh, looking up to
God, which melted my heart in tears, and prayers to
God, to hear their prayers, and change the times, and the
fituation, which our prifoners are in, and under which
they groan. ' ' O Lord, faid they, when will our redemp-
tion come, that we fhall be delivered, and return home ? ' '
— And if any accident happeneth, which the Indians
diflike, the prifoners all tremble with fear, faying, "Lord,
what will become of us, and what will be the end of our
lives ? " So that they often wif h themfelves rather under
the ground, than in this life. King Beaver came home,
and called us to his houfe, and faluted us in a friendly

i7s8] Post's 'Journals 259

manner; which we, in like manner, did to him. After-
wards I fpoke by four ftrings of 350 wampum, and faid,
as f oUoweth :

' ' I have a falutation to you, and all your people, from
the general, the governor, and many other gentlemen.
Brother, it pleafes me that the day is come to fee you and
your people. We have warmed ourfelves by your fire,
and waited for you, and thank you, that you did come
home. We have good news of great importance; which
we hope will make you, and all your people's hearts glad.
By thefe ftrings I defire you would be pleafed to call all
your kings and captains, from all the towns and nations;
fo that they all may hear us, and have the benefit thereof,
while they live, and their children after them."

Then he faid, ''As foon as I heard of your coming, I
rofe up directly to come to you." Then there came
another mef fage, which called me to another place, where
fix kings of fix nations were met together. I fent them
word, they fhould fit together a while, and fmoke their
pipes, and I would come to them. King Beaver faid

"Brother, it pleafeth me to hear that you brought
fuch good news; and my heart rejoices already at what
you faid to me. It rejoices me that I have now heard of
you." I faid, "Brother, you did well, that you firft
came here, before you went to the kings; as the good
news we brought is to all nations, from the rifing of the
fun to the going down of the fame; that want to be in
peace and friendfhip with the Engli}h. So it will give
them fatisfaction, when they hear it." The French
captain told us, that they would demolifh the fort; and
he thought the Englifh would be to-day at the place.

25th. — Shingas came home, and faluted us in a

26o Early Western Travels [Vol. i

friendly manner, and fo did Beaver^ in our houfe; and
then they told us, they would hear our meffage; and we
perceived that the French captain had an inclination to
hear it. We called Beaver and Shingas, and informed
them, that all the nations, at Eajton, had agreed with the
governor, that every thing fhould be kept fecret from the
ears and eyes of the French. He faid, ' ' it was no matter,
they were beaten already. It is good news, and if he
would fay any thing, we would tell him what friend f hip
we have together." Accordingly they met together, and
the French captain was prefent. The number con f if ted
of about fifty.

King Beaver firft fpoke to his men, "Hearken, all you
captains and warriors, here are our brethren, the Eng-
lijh; I wifh that you may give attention, and take notice
of what they fay. As it is for our good, that there may
an everlafting peace be eftablifhed, although there is
a great deal of mifchief done, if it pleafeth God to help
us, we may live in peace again.' '

Then I began to fpeak by four ftrings to them, and

* ' Brethren, being come here to fee you, I perceive your
bodies are all ftained with blood, and obferve tears and
forrows in your eyes: With this ftring I clean your
body from blood, and wipe and anoint your eyes with the
healing oil, fo that you may fee your brethren clearly.
And as fo many ftorms have blown fince we laft faw one
another, and we are at fuch a diftance from you, that you
could not rightly hear us as yet, I, by this ftring, take a
foft feather, and with that good oil, our grandfathers
ufed, open and clear your ears, fo that you may both
hear and underftand what your brethren have to fay to
you. And by thefe ftrings I clear your throat from the

1758] Posfs 'Journals 261

duft, and take all the bitternefs out of your heart, and
clear the paffage from the heart to the throat, that you
may fpeak freely with your brethren, the Englijh, from
the heart.' '

Then Ijaac Still gave the pipe, fent by the Friends, ^^°
filled with tobacco, and handed round, after their cuftom,
and faid:

"Brethren, here is the pipe, which your grandfathers
ufed to fmoke with, when they met together in councils of
peace. And here is fome of that good tobacco, prepared
for our grandfathers from God: — When you fhall tafte
of it, you fhall feel it through all your body; and it will
put you in remembrance of the good councils, your grand-
fathers ufed to hold with the Englijh, your brethren, and
that ancient friend f hip, thay had together.' '

King Beaver rofe, and thanked us firft, that we had
cleared his body from the blood, and wiped the tears
and forrow from his eyes, and opened his ears, fo that
now he could well hear and underftand. Likewife he
returned thanks for the pipe and tobacco, that we brought,
which our grandfathers ufed to fmoke. He faid, —
''When I tafted that good tobacco, I felt it all through
my body, and it made me all over well.' '

Then we delivered the mef fages, as followeth :

Governor Dennis anfwer to the meffage of the Ohio
Indians, brought by Frederick Pojt, Pejquitomen and
Thomas Hickman.

"By this ftring, my Indian brethren of the United
Nations and Delawares, join with me, in requiring of
the Indian councils, to which thefe following meffages

"" The Quakers of Philadelphia, who firft fet on foot thefe negociations of
peace; and for whom the Indians have always had a great regard. — [C. T. ?]
Comment by Ed. See on this subject Pennsylvania Archives, iii, p. 581.

262 Early Western Travels [Vol. r

fhall be prefented, to keep every thing private from the
eyes and ears of the French.^ ' A ftring.

"Brethren, we received your meffage by Pejquitomen
and Frederick Pojt, and thank you for the care you have
taken of our meffenger of peace, and that you have put
him in your bofom, and protected him agaiaft our enemy,
Onontio, and his children, and fent him fafe back to our
councU fire, by the fame man, that received him from
us." A ftring.

''Brethren, I only fent Pojt to peep into your cabbins,
and to know the fentiments of your old men, and to
look at your faces, to fee how you look. And I am glad
to hear from him, that you look friendly; and that there
ftill remain fome fparks of love towards us. It was what
we believed before hand, and therefore we never let
flip the chain of friendfhip, but held it faft, on our fide,
and it has never dropt out of our hands. By this belt we
defire that you will dig up your end of the chain of friend-
fhip, that you fufEered, by the fubtlety of the French, to
be buried." A belt.

"Brethren, it happened that the governor of Jerjey
was with me, and a great many Indian brethren, fitting
in councU at Eajton, when your meffengers arrived;
and it gave pleafure to every one that heard it; and it will
afford the fame fatisfaction to our neighboring governors,
and their people, when they come to hear it. I fhall
fend meffengers to them, and acquaint them with what
you have faid.

"Your requefting us to let the king of England know
your good difpofitions we took to heart, and fhall let
him know it; and we will fpeak in your favor to his
majefty, who has, for fome time paft, looked upon you
as his loft children. And we can affure you, that, as

1758] Post's journals 263

a tender father over all his children, he will forgive what
is paft, and receive you again into his arms." A belt.

* ' Brethren, if you are in earneft to be reconciled to us,
you will keep your young men from attacking our country
and killing and carrying captive our back inhabitants;
And will likewife give orders, that your people may be
kept at a diftance from Fort Duquejne-, that they may
not be hurt by our warriors, who are fent by our king to
chaftife the French, and not to hurt you. Confider the
commanding officer of that army treads heavy, and
would be very forry to hurt any of his Indian brethren.' '
A large belt.

''And brethren, the chiefs of the United Nations,
with their coufins, our brethren, the Delawares, and
others now here, jointly with me fend this belt, which
has upon it two figures, that reprefent all the Englijh,
and all the Indians, now pre fent, taking hands, and deliver-
ing it to Pejquitomen: and we defire it may be likewife
fent to the Indians, who are named at the end of thefe
meffages;"^ as they have all been formerly our very good
friends and allies; and we defire they will all go from
among the French to their own towns, and no longer help
the French.^ '

^^ Brethren on the Ohio, if you take the belts we juft
now gave you, in which all here join, Englijh and Indians,
as we do not doubt you will; then, by this belt, I make
a road for you, and invite you to come to Philadelphia,
to your firft old council fire, which was kindled when we
fir ft faw one another; which fire we will kindle up again,
and remove all difputes, and renew the old and firft treaties

**" "Saftaghretfy, Anigh Kalicken, Atowateany, Towigh, Towighroano,
Geghdageghroano, Oyaghtanont, Silaghroano, Stiaggeghroano, Jenontady-
nago."— [C. T. ?j

264 Early Western Travels [Vol. i

of friend f hip. This is a clear and open road for you;
fear, therefore, nothing, and come to us with as many as
can be of the Delawares, Shawaneje, or of the Six Na-
tions: We will be glad to fee you; we defire all tribes
and nations of Indians, who are in alliance with you, may
come. As foon as we hear of your coming, of which you
will give us timely notice, we will lay up provifions for
you along the road."

A large white belt, with the figure of a man, at each end,
and ftreaks of black, reprefenting the road from the Ohio
to Philadelphia.

''Brethren, the Six Nation and Delaware chiefs join
with me in thofe belts, which are tied together, to fignify
our union and friend f hip for each other; with them we
jointly take the tomahawks out of your hands, and bury
them under ground.

"We fpeak aloud, fo as you may hear us; you fee
we all ftand together, joined hand in hand." Two belts
tied together.

' ' General Forbes to the Shawaneje, and Delawares, on
the Ohio.

' ' Brethren, I embrace this opportunity by our brother,
Pejquitomen, who is now on his return home with fome
of your uncles, of the Six Nations, from the treaty of
Eajton, of giving you joy of the happy conclufion of that
great council, which is perfectly agreeable to me; as it is
for the mutual advantage of our brethren, the Indians,
as well as the Englijh nation.

"I am glad to find that all paft difputes and animofi-
ties are now finally fettled, and amicably adjufted; and
I hope they will be for ever buried in oblivion, and that
you will now again be firmly united in the intereft of
your brethren, the Englijh.' '

1758] Post's Journals 265

"As I am now advancing, at the head of a large army,
againft his majefty's enemies, the French, on the Ohio,
I muft ftrongly recommend to you to fend immediate
notice to any of your people, who may be at the French
fort, to return forthwith to your towns; where you may
fit by your fires, with your wives and children, quiet and
undifturbed, and fmoke your pipes in fafety. Let the
French fight their own battles, as they were the fir ft caufe
of the war, and the occafion of the long difference, which
hath fubfifted between you and your brethren, the Eng-
lijh; but I muft entreat you to reftrain your young men
from croffing the Ohio, as it will be impoffible for me
to dif tinguifh them from our enemies ; which I expect you
will comply with, without delay; left, by your neglect
thereof, I fhould be the innocent caufe of fome of our
brethren's death. This advice take and keep in your
own breafts, and fuffer it not to reach the ears of the

''As a proof of the truth and fincerity of what I fay,
and to confirm the tender regard I have for the lives and
welfare of our brethren, on the Ohio, I fend you this
ftring of wampum,

* ' I am, brethren and warriors,
' ' Your friend and brother,

"John Forbes."

"Brethren, kings Beaver and Shingas, and all the
warriors, who join with you :

' ' The many acts of hof tility, committed by the French
againft the Britijh fubjects, made it neceffary for the
king to take up arms, in their defence, and to redrefs
their wrongs, which have been done them; heaven hath
favoured the juftice of the caufe, and given fuccefs to
his fleets and armies, in different parts of the world. I

266 Early Western Travels [Vol. i

have received his commands, with regard to what is to be
done on the Ohio, and fhall endeavour to act like a foldier
by driving the French from thence, or deftroying them.

"It is a particular pleafure to me to learn, that the
Indians, who inhabit near that river, have lately con-
cluded a treaty of peace with the Englijh; by which the
ancient friend f hip is renewed with their brethren, and
fixed on a firmer foundation than ever. May it be lafting
and unmoveable as the mountains. I make no doubt
but it gives you equal fatisfaction, and that you will
unite your endeavours with mine, and all the governors
of thefe provinces, to ftrengthen it: The clouds, that,
for fome time, hung over the Englijh, and their friends,
the Indians on the Ohio, and kept them both in darknefs,
are now difperfed, and the chearful light now again
fhines upon us, and warms us both. May it continue to
do fo, while the fun and moon give light.

''Your people, who were fent to us, were received by
us with open arms; they were kindly entertained, while
they were here; and I have taken care that they fhall
return fafe to you; with them come trufty meffengers,
whom I earneftly recommend to your protection; they
have feveral matters in charge ; and I def ire you may give
credit to what they fay; in particular, they have a large
belt of wampum, and by this belt we let you know, that
it is agreed by me, and all the governors, that there fhall
be an everlafting peace with all the Indians, eftablifhed
as fure as the mountains, between the Englijh nation and
the Indians, all over, from the fun rif ing to the fun f etting ;
and as your influence on them is great, fo you will make
it known to all the different nations, that want to be in
friendfhip with the Englijh; and I hope, by your means
and perfuafions, many will lay hold on this belt, and

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Online LibraryChristian Frederick PostTwo journals of western tours → online text (page 7 of 9)