Christopher Marlowe.

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Ep. 100), allusions to the present epigram.

232 Epigrams by J. D


Amongst the poets Dacus number'd is,
Yet could he never make an English rhyme :
But some prose speeches I have heard of his,
Which have been spoken many a hundred time ;
The man that keeps the elephant hath one,
Wherein he tells the wonders of the beast ;
Another Banks pronounced long agone,
When he his curtal's ^ qualities express'd :
He first taught him that keeps the monuments
At Westminster, his formal tale to say,
And also him which puppets represents,
And also him which with the ape doth play.
Though all his poetry be like to this,
Amongst the poets Dacus number'd is.


When Priscus, rais'd from low to high estate.
Rode through the street in pompous joUity,
Caius, his poor familiar friend of late,
Bespake him thus, " Sir, now you know not me."

" 'Tis likely, friend," quoth Priscus, " to be so,

For at this time myself I do not know."

1 Samuel Daniel. See Ep. xlv.

2 All the information about Banks' wonderful horse Moroccus (" the
little horse that ambled on the top of Paul's") is collected in Mr. Halli-
well-Phillipps' Memoranda on Love\ Labour Lost.

Epigrams by y . D. 233


Brunus, which deems ^ himself a fair sweet youth,
Is nine and thirty ^ year of age at least ;
Yet was he never, to confess the truth,
But a dry starveling when he was at best.
This gull was sick to show his nightcap fine,
And his wrought pillow overspread with lawn ;
But hath been well since his grief's cause hath line ^
At Trollop's by Saint Clement's Church in pawn.


When Francus comes to solace with his whore,
He sends for rods, and strips himself stark naked ;
For his lust sleeps, and will not rise before,
By whipping of the wench, it be awaked.
I envy him not, but wish I * had the power
To make myself his wench but one half-hour.


Of speaking well why do we learn the skill,
Hoping thereby honour and wealth to gain ?
Sith railing Castor doth, by speaking ill,
Opinion of much wit, and gold obtain.

1 So eds. B, C. — Isham copy and ed. A "thinks."

2 Old eds. "thirtie nine." MS. " nine and thirtith." * Lain.
* So Isham copy. — Ed. A "he."

2 34 Epigrams by J. D.


Septimius ^ lives, and is like garlic seen,
For though his head be white, his blade is green.
This old mad colt deserves a martyr's praise.
For he was burned - in Queen Mary's days.


Homer of Moly and Nepenthe sings ;

Moly, the gods' most sovereign herb divine,

Nepenthe, Helen's ^ drink, which gladness brings,

Heart's grief expels, and doth the wit refine.

But this our age another world hath found,

From whence an herb of heavenly power is brought ;

Moly is not so sovereign for a wound,

Nor hath nepenthe so great wonders wrought.

It is tobacco, whose sweet subtle ^ fume

The hellish torment of the teeth doth ease,

By drawing down and drying up the rheum,

The mother and the nurse of each disease ;

1 So ed. B. — Isham copy, ed. A, and MS. "Septimus."

- "Burn" is often used with an indelicate double entendre. Cf.
Lear\\\. 2, " No heretics burned but wenchers' suitors ;'' Troilus and
Cressida, v. 2, "A burning devil take them."

3 Isham copy, " Heuens ; " and eds. B, C " Heauens," — MS.
" helevs. " — Davies alludes to Odyssey iv., 219, &c.

■» So MS.— Old eds. "substantiall."

Epigrams by J. D. 235

It is tobacco, which doth cold expel,

And clears th' obstructions of the arteries,

And surfeits threatening death digesteth well,

Decocting all the stomach's crudities ; ^

It is tobacco, which hath power to clarify

The cloudy mists before dim eyes appearing ;

It is tobacco, which hath power to rarify

The thick gross humour which doth stop the hearing ; 20

The wasting hectic, and the quartan fever,

Which doth of physic make a mockery,

The gout it cures, and helps ill breaths for ever,

Whether the cause in teeth or stomach be ;

And though ill breaths were by it but confounded,

Yet that vild ^ medicine it doth far excel.

Which by Sir Thomas More^ hath been propounded,

For this is thought a gentleman-like smell.

O, that I were one of these mountebanks

Which praise their oils and powders which they sell ! 30

My customers would give me coin with thanks ;

I for this ware, forsooth,'* a tale would tell :

1 We are reminded of Bobadil's encomium of tobacco: — "I could
say what I know of the virtue of it, for the expulsion of rheums, raw
humours, crudities, obstructions, with a thousand of this kind ; but I
profess myself no quacksalver. Only this much : by Hercules I do hold
it and will afhrm it before any prince in Europe to be the most sovereign
and precious weed that ever the earth tendered to the use of man."

- So MS. — Not in old eds.

3 Dyce quotes from More's Lucubrationes (ed. 1563, p. 261), an
epigram headed " Medicinte ad tollendos fcetores anhelitus, provenientes
a cibis quibusdam."

* So eds. A, B, C. — Isham copy "so smooth" — MS. "so faire."

236 Epigrams by y. D.

Yet would I use none of these terms before ;
I would but say, that it the pox will cure ;
This were enough, without discoursing more,
All our brave gallants in the town t'allure.


Crassus his lies are no ^ pernicious lies.

But pleasant fictions, hurtful unto none

But to himself; for no man counts him wise

To tell for truth that which for false is known.

He swears that Gaunt ^ is three-score miles about.

And that the bridge at Paris ^ on the Seine

Is of such thickness, length, and breadth throughout,

That six-score arches can it scarce sustain ;

He swears he saw so great a dead man's skull

At Canterbury digg'd out of the ground,

As * would contain of wheat three bushels full ;

And that in Kent are twenty yeomen found,

Of which the poorest every year ^ dispends

Five thousand pound ; these and five thousand mo

So oft he hath recited to his friends,

That now himself persuades himself 'tis so.

1 So MS.— Eds. "not."
■■* Ghent.

s The reference probably is to the Pont Neuf, begun by Henry ITI.
and finished by Henry IV.
■» So MS.— Old eds. "That"
■* MS. "day!"

Epigrams by J . D. 23;

But why doth Crassus tell his lies so rife,

Of bridges, towns, and things that have no life ?

He is a lawyer, and doth well espy

That for such lies an action will not lie. a


Philo, the lawyer,^ and the fortune-teller,

The school-master, the midwife,- and the bawd.

The conjurer, the buyer and the seller

Of painting which with breathing will be thaw'd,

Doth practise physic ; and his credit grows.

As doth the ballad-singer's auditory.

Which hath at Temple-bar his standing chose.

And to the vulgar sings an ale-house story ;

First stands a porter; then an oyster-wife

Doth stint her cry and stay her steps to hear him ;

Then comes a cutpurse ready with his^ knife,

And then a country client presseth ^ near him ;

There stands the constable, there stands the whore,

And, hearkening^ to the song, mark*^ not each other;

1 Isham copy and MS. "'gentleman."

2 MS. '' widdow.''

* So Isham copy and MS. — Other eds. " a."

■* So Isham copy. — Other eds. "passeth." — MS. ''presses.

* So Isham copy, ed. A, and MS. — Eds. B, C "listening.

* So Isham copy, ed. A, and M-S. — Eds. B, C " heed."

238 Epigrams by J . D.

There by the serjeant stands the debitor,'
And doth no more mistrust him than his brother ;
This 2 Orpheus to such hearers giveth music,
And Philo to such patients giveth physic


Fuscus is free, and hath the world at will ;
Yet, in the course of life that he doth lead,
He's like a horse which, turning round a mill,
Doth always in the self-same circle tread :
First, he doth rise at ten ; ^ and at eleven
He goes to Gill's, where he doth eat till one ;
Then sees a play till six ; * and sups at seven ;

1 So eds. B, C. — Isham copy, MS. and ed. A, "debtor poor." —
With the foregoing description of the " ballad-singer's auditory " com-
pare Wordsworth's lines On the pcrwer of Munc, and Vincent Bourne's
charming Latin verses (entitled Cantatrices) on the Ballad Singers of
the Seven Dials.

2 So MS.— Eds. "Thus."

■^ Cf. a somewhat similar description in Guilpin's Skialetheia (Ep.


'■ My lord most court-like lies abed till noon,

Then all high-stomacht riseth to his dinner ;

Falls straight to dice before his meat be down,

Or to digest walks to some female sinner ;

Perhaps fore-tired he gets him to a play,

Comes home to supper and then falls to dice ;

Then his devotion wakes till it be day,

And so to bed where unto noon he lies."
•* If the play ended at six, it could hardly have begun before three.
From numerous passages it appears that performances frequently began
at three, or even later. Probably the curtain rose at one in the winter
and three in the summer.

Epigrams by J . D. 239

And, after supper, straight to bed is gone ;

And there till ten next day he doth remain ;

And then he dines ; then sees a comedy; 10

And then he sups, and goes to bed again :

Thus round he runs without variety,

Save that sometimes he comes not to the play,

But falls into a whore-house by the way.


The smell-feast ^ Afer travels to the Burse

Twice every day, the flying news to hear ;

Which, when he hath no money in his purse,

To rich men's tables he doth ever ^ bear.

He tells how Groni[n]gen^ is taken in *

By the brave conduct of illustrious Vere,

And how the Spanish forces Brest would win,

But that they do victorious Norris ^ fear.

No sooner is a ship at sea surpris'd,

But straight he learns the news, and doth disclose it ; lo

1 This word is found in Chapman, Harington, and others.

2 So MS.— Old eds. "often."

3 Groningen was taken by Maurice of Nassau. Vere was present at
the siege.

^ The expression "take in" (in the sense of "conquer, capture") is
very common.

5 An English expedition, under Sir John Norris, was sent to Brittany
in 1594.

240 Epigrams by J . D.

No ^ sooner hath the Turk a plot devis'd

To conquer Christendom, but straight he knows it.

Fair-written in a scroll he hath the names

Of all the widows which the plague hath made ;

And persons, times, and places, still he frames

To every tale, the better to persuade.

We call him Fame, for that the wide-mouth slave

Will eat as fast as he will utter lies ;

For fame is said an hundred mouths to have.

And he eats more than would five-score suffice.


By lawful mart, and by unlawful stealth,
Paulus, in spite of envy, fortunate.
Derives out of the ocean so much wealth.
As he may well maintain a lord's estate :
But on the land a little gulf there is,
Wherein he drowneth all this ^ wealth of his.


Lycus, which lately is to Venice gone,
Shall, if he do return, gain three for one;^

1 This line and the next are found only in Isham copy and MS.
^ So Isham copy — Eds. A, B, C "the." — MS. "ye."
3 When a person started on a long or dangerous voyage it was
customary to deposit— or, as it was called, " put out "—a sum of mone}-,

Epigrams by J . D. 241

But, ten to one, his knowledge and his wit
Will not be better'd or increas'd a whit.


Publius, a ' student at the Common-Law,

Oft leaves his books, and, for his recreation,

To Paris-garden- doth himself withdraw;

Where he is ravish'd with such delectation,

As down amongst the bears and dogs he goes ;

Where, whilst he skipping cries, " To head, to head," ^

His satin doublet and his velvet hose

Are all with spittle from above be-spread ;

Then is he like his father's country hall,

Stinking of dogs, and muted * all with hawks ; 1

oncondiiionof receiving at his return a high rate of interest. If he failed
to return the money was lost. There are frequent allusions in old
authors to this practice.

1 So MS.— Not in old eds.

2 The bear-garden in the Bankside, Southwark.

' In Titus Andronicus,\. i, we have the expression " to fight at head"
("As true a dog as ever fought at head "). " To fly at the head " was
equivalent to "'attack;" and in Nares' Glossary (ed. Halliwell) the
expression "run on head," in the sense of incite, is quoted from
Heywood's Spider and Flie, 1556.

* Covered with hawks' dung.


242 Epigrams by J. D.

And rightly too on him this filth doth fall,
Which for such filthy sports his books forsakes,
Leaving old Ployden, Dyer, and Brooke alone,
To see old Harry Hunkes andSacarson.^


When I this proposition had defended,

"A coward cannot be an honest man,"

Thou, Sylla, seem'st forthwith to be offended,

And hold'st ^ the contrary, and swear'st ^ he can.

But when I tell thee that he will forsake

His dearest friend in peril of his life,

Thou then art chang'd, and say'st thou didst mistake ;

And so we end our argument and strife :
Yet I think oft, and think I think aright.
Thy argument argues thou wilt not fight. j


Dacus,^ with some good colour and pretence.
Terms his love's beauty " silent eloquence ; "

1 " Harry Hunkes " and " Sacarson " were the names of two famous
bears (probably named after their keepers). Slender boasted to Anne
Page, " I have seen Sackarson loose twenty times and have taken him
by the chain."

2 So MS.— Old eds. "holds." 3 So MS.— Old eds. "swears."
■• Dyce shows that Samuel Daniel is meant by Dacus (who has already

Epigrams by J. D. 243

For she doth lay more colours on her face
Than ever Tully us'd his speech to grace.


Why dost thou, Marcus, in thy misery
Rail and blaspheme, and call the heavens unkind ?
The heavens do owe ^ no kindness unto thee,
Thou hast the heavens so little in thy mind ;

For in thy life thou never usest prayer

But at primero, to encounter fair.

been ridiculed in Ep. xxx.). In Daniel's Complaint of Rosamond
(1592) are the lines : —

"Ah, beauty, syren, faire enchanting good,
Sweet silent rheiorique of perswading eyes,
Dumb eloquence, whose power doth move the blood
More than the words or wisedome of the wise," &c.

Perhaps there is an allusion to this epigram in Marston's fourth

satire :—

" What, shall not Rosamond or Gaveston
Ope their sweet lips without detraction?
But must our modem critticks envious eye
Seeme thus to quote some grosse deformity.
Where art not error shineth in their stile,
But error and no art doth thee beguile ?"

1 So eds. B, C — Ed. A "draw." (Epigrams xlv.-xlviii. are not in
the MS.)

244 Epigrams by J . D,


See, yonder melancholy gentleman,

Which, hood-vvink'd with his hat, alone doth sit !

Think what he thinks, and tell me, if you can,

What great affairs trouble his little wit.

He thinks not of the war 'twixt France and Spain, ^

Whether it be for Europe's good or ill,

Nor whether the Empire can itself maintain

Against the Turkish power encroaching still ; -

Nor what great town in all the Netherlands

The States determine to besiege this spring,

Nor how the Scottish policy now stands,

Nor what becomes of the Irish mutining.^

But he doth seriously bethink him whether

Of the gull'd people he be more esteem'd

For his long cloak or for * his great black feather

By which each gull is now a gallant deem'd ;

Or of a journey he deliberates

To Paris-garden, Cock-pit, or the play ;

Or how to steal a dog he meditates,

Or what he shall unto his mistress say.

Yet with these thoughts he thinks himself most fit

To be of counsel with a king for wit.

1 Ended in 1598 by the peace of Vervins.

- The war between Austria and Turkey was brought to a close in
' A reference to Tyrone's insurrection, 1595-1602.
* So Isham copy. — Not in other eds.

Epigrams by y . D. 245


Peace, idle Muse, have done ! for it is time,
Since lousy Ponticus envies my fame,
And swears the better sort are much to blame
To make me so well known for my ill rhyme.
Yet Banks his horse ^ is better known than he ;
So are the camels and the western hog.
And so is Lepidus his printed dog : ^
Why doth not Ponticus their fames envy ?
Besides, this Muse of mine and the black feather
Grew both together fresh in estimation ; 10

And both, grown stale, were cast away together :
What fame is this that scarce lasts out of fashion ?
Only this last in credit doth remain.
That from henceforth each bastard cast-forth rhyme.
Which doth but savour of a libel vein.
Shall call me father, and be thought my crime ;
So dull, and with so little sense endued,
Is my gross-headed judge the multitude.

J. D.

1 See note, p. 232.

' Dyce points out that by Lepidus is meant Sir John Harington,
whose dog Bungey is represented in a compartment of the engraved
title-page of the translation of Orlando Furioso, 1591. In his epigrams
(Book III. Ep. 21) Harington refers to this epigram of Davies, and
expresses himself greatly pleased at the compliment paid to his dog.


I ^ LOVE thee not for sacred chastity, —

Who loves for that ? — nor for thy sprightly wit ;

I love thee not for thy sweet modesty,

Which makes thee in perfection's throne to sit ;

I love thee not for thy enchanting eye.

Thy beauty['s] ravishing perfection ;

I love thee not for unchaste luxury,

Nor for thy body's fair proportion ;

I love thee not for that my soul doth dance

And leap with pleasure, when those lips of thine

Give musical and graceful utterance

To some (by thee made happy) poet's line ;

I love thee not for voice or slender small :

But wilt thou know wherefore ? fair sweet, for all.

Faith, wench, I cannot court thy sprightly eyes.
With the base- viol plac'd between my thighs ;
I cannot lisp, nor to some fiddle sing,
Nor run upon a high-stretch'd minikin ;
I cannot whine in puling elegies.
Entombing Cupid with sad obsequies;

1 This sonnet and the two following pieces are only found in Isham
copy and ed. A.

Ignoto. 247

I am not fashion'd for these amorous times,

To court thy beauty with lascivious rhymes ;

I cannot dally, caper, dance, and sing.

Oiling my saint with supple sonneting ;

I cannot cross my arms, or sigh " Ay me.

Ay me, forlorn ! " egregious foppery !

I cannot buss thy fist,^ play with thy hair.

Swearing by Jove, " thou art most debonair ! "

Not I, by cock ! but shall [I] tell thee roundly ? —

Hark in thine ear, — zounds, I can ( ) thee soundly.

Sweet wench, I love thee : yet I will not sue,
Or show my love as musky courtiers do ;
I'll not carouse a health to honour thee,
In this same bezzling^ drunken courtesy,
And, when all's quaff'd, eat up my bousing-glass ^
In glory that I am thy servile ass ;
Nor will I wear a rotten Bourbon lock,*^
As some sworn peasant to a female smock.
Well-featur'd lass, thou know'st I love thee dear :
Yet for thy sake I will not bore mine ear.
To hang thy dirty silken shoe-tires there ;
Nor for thy love will I once gnash a brick.
Or some pied colours in my bonnet stick : ^
But, by the chaps of hell, to do thee good,
I'll freely spend my thrice-decocted blood.

1 So Isham copy. — Ed. A " fill.'' - Tippling.

3 " Bouse" was a cant term for " drink." * See note 4. p. 226.

5 It was a common practice for gallants to wear their mistresses'
garters in their hats.


Lucans First Booke Translated Line for Line, By Chr. Marlow.
At London, Printed by P. Short, and are to be sold by Walter Bum
at the Signe of the flower de Luce in Paules Churchyard, 1600, 4/^.

This is the only early edition. The title-page of the 1600 4to,
of Hero and Leander has the words, " Whereunto is added the first
booke of Lucan ; " but the two pieces are not found in conjunction.


Blunt,- I propose to be blunt with you, and, out of my dulness, to
encounter you with a Dedication in memory of that pure elemental
wit, Chr. Marlowe, whose ghost or genius is to be seen walk the
Churchyard,^ in, at the least, three or four sheets. Methinks you
should presently look wild now, and grow humorously frantic upon
the taste of it. Well, lest you should, let me tell you, this spirit was
sometime a familiar of your own, Lucan's Ftjst Book translated ;
which, in regard of your old right in it, I have raised in the circle of
your patronage. But stay now, Edward : if I mistake not, you are
to accommodate yourself with some few instructions, touching the
property of a patron, that you are not yet possessed of ; and to study
them for your better grace, as our gallants do fashions. First, you
must be proud, and think you have merit enough in you, though
you are ne'er so empty ; then, when I bring you the book, take
physic, and keep state ; assign me a time by your man to come
again ; and, afore the day, be sure to have changed your lodging ;
in the meantime sleep little, and sweat with the invention of some
pitiful dry jest or two, which you may happen to utter with some
little, or not at all, marking of your friends, when you have found a
place for them to come in at ; or, if by chance something has dropped
from you worth the takmg up, weary all that come to you with the
often repetition of it ; censure, scornfully enough, and somewhat
like a traveller ; commend nothing, lest you discredit your (that
which you would seem to have) judgment. These things, if you can

1 A well-known bookseller.

2 Old ed. "Blount."

^ Paul's Churchyard, the Elizabethan "Booksellers' Row."

mould yourself to them, Ned, I make no question that they will not
become you. One special virtue in our patrons of these days I have
promised myself you shall fit excellently, which is, to give nothing ;
yes, thy love I will challenge as my peculiar object, both in this,
and, I hope, many more succeeding offices. Farewell : I affect not
the world should measure my thoughts to thee by a scale of this
nature : leave to think good of me when I fall from thee.

Thine in all rights of perfect friendship,



Wars worse than civil on Thessalian plains,

And outrage strangling law, and people strong,

We sing, whose conquering swords their own breasts

Armies allied, the kingdom's league uprooted,
Th' atfrighted world's force bent on public spoil,
Trumpets and drums, like ^ deadly, threatening other,
Eagles alike display'd, darts answering darts,

Romans, what madness, what huge lust of war.
Hath made barbarians drunk with Latin blood ?
Now Babylon, proud through our spoil, should stoop, lo
While slaughter'd Crassus' ghost walks unreveng'd,
Will ye wage war, for which you shall not triumph ?
Ay me ! O, what a world of land and sea
Might they have won whom civil broils have slain !
As far as Titan springs, where niglit dims heaven,
Ay, to the torrid zone where mid-day burns.
And where stiff winter, whom no spring resolves,

1 Old ed, "launcht." — The forms "lanch"and " lance " are used

2 Alike.

2 54 First Book of'Lucan.

Fetters the Euxine Sea with chains of ice ;

Scythia and wild Armenia had been yok'd,

And they of Nilus' mouth, if there live any. 20

Rome, if thou take delight in impious war,

First conquer all the earth, then turn thy force

Against thyself: as yet thou wants not foes.

That now the walls of houses half-reared totter,

That, rampires fallen down, huge heaps of stone

Lie in our towns, that houses are abandon'd.

And few live that behold their ancient seats ;

Italy many years hath lien untill'd

And chok'd with thorns ; that greedy earth wants hinds ; —

Fierce Pyrrhus, neither thou nor Hannibal 30

Art cause ; no foreign foe could so afflict us :

These plagues arise from wreak of civil power.

But if for Nero, then unborn, the Fates

Would find no other means, and gods not slightly

Purchase immortal thrones, nor Jove joy'd heaven

Until the cruel giants' war was done \

We plain not, heavens, but gladly bear these evils

For Nero's sake : Pharsalia groan with slaughter,

And Carthage souls be glutted with our bloods !

At Munda let the dreadful battles join ; 40

Add, Csesar, to these ills, Perusian famine.

The Mutin toils, the fleet at Luca[s] sunk,

And cruel ^ field near burning ufEtna fought !

Yet Rome is much bound to these civil arms,

Which made thee emperor. Thee (seeing thou, being old,

1 " Et ardenti servilia bella sub ^tna."

First Book of Lucan. 255

Must shine a star) shall heaven (whom thou lovest)

Receive with shouts ; where thou wilt reign as king,

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 15 16 17 18

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