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make Burnet Woods what it should be — one of the most
beautiful parks in this part of the country.

The grading on the east side of the park at Hopson Street
has been kept up during the summer and fall without ex-
pense to the city by parties who are doing the grading for
the stone which they find in the hill. When the grade is
opened out to its full width this slope can be made quite a
handsome affair ; but it is going to be a very expensive job,
as it will necessitate the running back of the slope for a long
distance to obliterate the washes which would necessarily
ensue in that clay soil.



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1060 Annual Report



The new St. Clair-street entrance will have to be made
now, as it is used very largely by people coming in to the
concerts and into the middle of the woods. The stable
which we had hoped to have rebuilt last year is still in the
same dilapidated condition. It is hardly tenable, and stands
immediately in the middle of the St. Clair-street entrance.
There is absolute need for a new stable and shelter-house,
and another season can hardly go by with the present old
wrecks holding together. The shelter-house at present is no
more than a little boat-house building for storing boats, etc.,
and during the skating of the past week thousands of people
were unable to get in at all on account of the limited accom-
modation. When stormy and bad weather catches the picnic
crowds in Burnet Woods they have no place of shelter to go
to anywhere, and it makes it very bad for the children who
go to these picnics to enjoy the cool shade and the boating
on the lake.

Nearly a week of fine skating has been had this winter,
and it was largely enjoyed by an immense outpouring of
people who came there for the purpose of enjoying the
recreation. The lake was patronized this year more liber-
ally than ever on account of the entire new outfit of boats
which was required under your contract. By the addition
of a retaining-wall at the upper end of the lake some three
feet of water can be secured without any excavating, which
will enlarge the water surface over one acre.

The trees and shrubbery of the entire woods, considering
the extreme drought of the past summer, have done ver\'
well, but there has been a considerable loss of large trees
which have had to be cut down, and provision must be
made, as before stated, to replace them. The collection of



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Park Department 1061



trees in these wckkIs is very fine. The original forest is still
here in its full beauty, but young trees must be planted in
the park to fill up the spaces as the old ones disappear.

The electric lighting of the park is very insufficient for
the size of the park. For some reason constant outages
leave the park in darkness, as stated in a former report, for
hours at a time. Either additional lights are necessary or
the present ones should be put in better shape.

Repairs have been kept up here on all buildings which
we felt we were justified in keeping in repair. The concerts
under the Groesbeck Endowment Fund were largely attended,
and as we had but two rainy Saturdays in the season the full
amount of the fund was expended. A shortage in the fund,
on account of reinvestment at a reduced rate of interest,
limits the concerts to about twelve for a season ; but the
experiment of opening a little later was tried, which ran
the concerts during the full season. A McKinley Memorial
Concert was given on the 19th of September, the date of the
funeral obsequies of the late lamented President McKinley,
and was attended by over fifteen thousand people.

The public golf-links were patronized very sparely — not
enough to justify any special care in keeping them up. The
Clifton Golf Club grounds are directly opposite, and those
who do care to keep up this sport are mostly members of
the before-mentioned club. The links, greens, etc., have
been regulated and kept in shape as well as possible, but
our limited park funds will not allow any special care to
be given to any one part of the park more than another ;
and as so few of the people who visit the park play golf, the
park authorities are hardly justified in making a speciality
of golf-links. The Clifton Golf Club has done considerable



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1062 Annual Report



towards keeping the links in condition, as in former years,
and those who play there make no complaint as to their
condition. The new athletic grounds established by the
University will have a tendency to take all outdoor sports
to that end of the park, where the natural lay of the ground
is suitable, and here they will not interfere with the large
and small parties of picnickers who frequent this park more
largely than any one else.

Considerable replanting has been done in Lin-

CitlCOltl coin Park, and, considering the continual

PUfk drought of the last summer and the poorly

finished soil in this park, the trees have done



remarkably well. The insects have been kept well in hand,
and quick - growing trees have been planted as much as
possible. The flower-beds have been well arranged, and
the park up to the time of the continued drought was in
very handsome shape. The park was thoroughly planted
with grass-seed and fertilized last spring ; but facilities for
watering the entire park with the small help could not be
had during the drought, and this park suffered thereby.
New walks were made here, and have been kept clean and
in good condition.

A very general addition to the benches in this park will
now be necessary, as the wooden benches established by
former Boards have become so worn out and rotten that
they are daily taken away to the rubbish pile.

A new outfit of boats has been put on the lake, and the
party holding the contract seems to be well satisfied with
the results.

There is need in this park for a new tool-house and a



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Park Department 1063



coal-house, as stated in a former report, for they are in
bad condition now, and are almost past any repairs. New
arrangements should be made here for public urinals and
toilet-rooms, as the present accommodations are very inade-
quate. We think that this is one park which the city should
take special care of in so far as keeping up of all equipments
of the park, both for the comfort of the patrons and the
beauty of the park.

This park is in a very thickly-settled part of the city, and
the force which has been employed here in past years in its
care has been totally insufficient for its proper care, though
with the small force apportioned to it the best that could be
done with the limited means available was attempted. A
foreman and one laborer and one policeman is not sufficient
for this the largest of the down-town parks.

As before stated, on account of the very porous nature
of the soil, it being composed of ashes and street-scrapings
overlaid with a little crust of earth, a few days of dry
weather causes the whole park to suffer, and necessitates a
very steady and constant watering with sprinklers and the
hose to keep it in good shape.

The lake is in fine condition, and afforded some excel-
lent skating during the recent cold spell ; in fact, it was so
crowded that the police had to exercise the best judgment
in handling the immense crowds. I am glad to state that
every thing passed off pleasantly, with no accidents or dis-
order of any kind. Police were brought from the other
parks to manage the crowd.

There is nothing which can be done to change this park
except in the care of grass, flower-beds, and trees, which
necessitates additional labor, as before stated.



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IQQ4^ Annual Report



The central park of the citv, and for its size

masbinototi

^ the one most largely used. It remains as

popular as ever. The planting and flower-

beds in the park were an attraction that



pleased all. They were taken good care of and kept in
fine condition until the extreme drought of the summer
checked the growth. The grass suffered especially.

The same trouble exists in Washington Park as in Lin-
coln. The surface has been from time to time covered with
light, worn-out manure and street-scrapings until there is
no substance left to withstand the dry weather, which calls
for constant and careful watering to keep the same in repair.
Flower-beds were made a feature of this park, and, as stated
above, the public, from expressions heard on all sides, evi-
dently appreciated the efforts made to beautify the park.

The granting by your honorable Board to the Cincinnati
Fall Festival Association the use of this park during the
month of September necessitated the entire regrading of the
park. There was much criticism passed at the time upon
the question of letting the park to the Fall Festival Asso-
ciation to use as they did. The gentlemen composing this
body of enterprising citizens did every thing in their power
to take care of and preserve the flower-beds and trees intact,
but the grass, which was none of the best on account of the
dry weather, was thoroughly worn out by the trampling of
thousands of people who visited the different side-shows and
entertainments that the Fall Festival placed in the park. It
was thought at first that the park could be brought to its
former shape and beauty by touching up the worst places,
and it was strongly contested by the management of the Fall
Festival that your Board was going to extremes when the
question of regrading the entire park came up. For a part



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Park Department 1065



of the time during the occupancy of the Fall Festival Asso-
ciation the weather continued dry, and the trampling of the
multitude wore what little life there was left in the sod away
and ground it into dust. Changing to rain in the last few
days, the constant trampling of the people left a series of
mud lanes, and the only thing that could be done was to
spade and plow the entire park, and reseed same with proper
seed, and put fertilizers on, which was done ; but on account
of the continued drought there has not as yet been enough
of a start to show what the results will be. It is as yet an
experiment as to whether or not the grass can be restored
there again after the Fall Festival ; but as it has been tried
successfully in the other parks, there is but small fear as to
the result eventually. It is hoped by the park authorities
that the park will not be used for this purpose again until it
is seen what damage has been done by the last Fall Festival.
By request of the Board of Legislation, this and other
city parks were kept open during the entire night in the
extremely warm weather of July and August, as it was
thought it would be a resting- and breathing-place for many
of the ''sick and ailing children and their wornout mothers
and attendants, who could make use of this open space
during the warm nights, and secure rest for themselves and
their charges ; but from close observation and nightly count
taken of all habitues of this park, not twenty women and
children remained in the park after ten o'clock at night.
The park was taken possession of by a crowd of worthless
loafers and ragamuflSns of all kinds, and vigilant police work
was necessary to keep order. The presence of these rowdies
was the reason that the women and children, for whose
benefit the park was kept open, deserted the park as soon
as this element began to gather every night. The police



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1066 Annual Report



force, under orders from the chief, raided the place several
times during the two months, and it had much to do with
ridding the park, along towards the last, of the tough ones
among the all-night lodgers. This was an experiment which
cost the city nearly five hundred dollars for additional police
and help, and was of no benefit whatever to the parties for
whom it was intended.

The two blocks of Garfield Park were re-



flUffiCld seeded and replanted last spring with g^ass-

PUfk seed and trees, and proved to be a success

both in the growth of the trees and the grass,



which had the effect of making this little breathing-space
very attractive during the summer. Large palms from the
Eden-Park greenhouses were distributed through this park
liberally in groups, and did, so far as growing was con-
cerned, remarkably well. Of course the presence of a large
amount of soot and dirt required them to be thoroughly
cleaned when they were replaced in the greenhouses, but
the attraction they afforded to the people in the immediate
neighborhood and all passers-by fully justified the expense
and care that was put in this park. It is the intention of
the park authorities during the coming season to make, more
largely than ever, a show park of these two little squares, so
that it may be more attractive than ever before.

The bases of the monuments of both Harrison and Gar-
field were thoroughly cleaned by the park authorities this
year, which added to their appearance very much. It is to
be hoped that sufiicient funds can be spared this year, so
that the bronzes may also be cleaned off, which will give
them a clean and fresh appearance.



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Park Department 1067



The drought of the past summer has been

X A fl something unparalleled in this part of the

111 HCflCflll «. ,

country, and the parks have suffered more

or less, but at the present time we are unable



to say just how much, as it continued late in the fall until
the foliage had all left the trees and shrubs ; but much fear
is expressed that we will find a great deal of the smaller
shrubbery and trees in a very weak and damaged condition
from the severe winter we have had so far.

The sparrow pest is still the cause of great damage in our
city parks. Nothing seems to drive them off, and as to their
being insectivorous, there is certainly a mistake, as the trees
which they take possession of, and in which they build their
nests, are the ones most infested. Very determined efforts
have been made to drive them off, and will still be con-
tinued, as they are increasing very rapidly.

As stated before in this report, an extensive nursery for
the growing of young stock should be kept up. This need
not be a very costly investment in the first start, as ground
necessary to keep these trees in good growing shape can be
taken from park land without much trouble. Burnet Woods
is well adapted to this, having a fine, natural, free soil, and
the class of hardy trees which are necessary in the parks
can be transplanted much easier coming from this soil than
if they had been brought from different locations outside
of the city.

This department wishes to thank your honorable Board
for the kind attention it has received during the year, and
for the almost daily visitation of some one or other of the
members of the Board, which has enabled them to see
almost daily what is being done in the way of improve-
ments in the parks.



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1068 Annual Report



The Superintendent also wishes to thank the Assistant
Superintendent and others of the park employees for the
efficient manner in which they have carried out the different
parts which have been assigned to them.

It is hoped the present legislature will furnish us with
sufficient sums to finish the two larger parks completely,
that they may be pointed to by any one, whether home
people or visitors, as being two of the most beautiful, if
they are not the largest, parks in this part of the country.

The appropriation asked for this year was reduced some-
what, but it is hoped assistance will come from some source
to give us a handsome and complete park system.

Respectfully submitted,

B. P. CRITCHELL,

December 31, 1901. Superintendent 0/ Parks.



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Park Department 1069



Eden Park (Luray Point) Improvement Fund.



RECEIPTS.

On July 23, 1901, the Board of Public Service received a letter

inclosing a check for $1,000 00

This amount having been donated by the following-named —

citizens and firms to beautify what was known as the old
baseball park on Luray Avenue :

S. & C. Chase 250 00

C. F. Lunkenheimer 250 00

The King Powder Co 25000

L. P. Hazen & Co 100 00

C. F. Holstein 150 00

Total $1,000 00

The whole of this money was expended under the direction
of the park authorities in the improvement of this part of the
park. Details of this work will be found below.

DISBURSEMENTS.

Payroll ( Teams, Carts, and Laborers)—

Week ending August 15, 1901

*• " 22, 1901

** " 29, 1901

** September 5,1901

*' ** 12, 1901

•* " 19, 1901

" *• 26, 1901

** October 3,1901

*' ** 10, 1901

17,1901



93 20


134 55


128 60


117 40


108 60


112 60


109 80


93 40


87 00


14 85



$1,000 00



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1070 Annual Report



Fall Festival (Washington Park) Restoration Fund.

RECEIPTS.

On October 7, 1901, the Board of Public Ser%Mce received from

the Cincinnati Fall Festival Association a check for $611 55

This being the amount estimated as necessary to restore ~

Washington Park to its former condition after having been
used by said association during the month of September,
1901, the understanding being that if the whole of the
amount was not needed the unused balance would be re-
turned. The work of restoration has been under the direc-
tion of the park authorities. A detailed statement of the
fund is given below.

DISBURSEMENTS.

Payrolls of the foreman and laborers employed in

spading, plowing, grading, sowing grass-seed,

spreading fertilizer, covering roads with crushed

stone, etc 249 78

Paid J. M. McCuUough's' Sons, for grass-seed and

fertilizer 50 75

Paid J. Chas. McCullough, for grass-seed 16 25

Paid The Rucker Stone Co., for crushed stone .... 38 81

Total expense to December 31, 1901 355 59

Voucher in favor of the Cincinnati Fall Festival
Association was passed on October 24, 1901, for
unexpended balance of 186 22

Balance on hand in fund on December 31, 1901, to
pay expenses in the spring of 1902 for finishing
the work 69 74

Total $611 55-



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Park Department ^^-^



PARK FUND.



Receipts for 1901.

Balance on hand January i, 1901 808 40

Received from taxes 44f486 81

** refreshment privileges 338 50

" sale of flowers and impoundage fees 16 96

Total $45,650 67



Expenditures during 1901.

Payrolls 32,839 22

Blacksmithing and wagon and buggy repairs ^ S8 75

Brooms, brushes, mops, soap, and matches 28 77

Castings, stove repairs, etc 83 53

Cement fountain, steps, and walks 422 26

Feed 707 1 1

Fence 12 10

Flower-pots, labels, etc 168 47

Fountain-jets 23 35

Fuel 309 08

Grading Johnson Park and Luray-Avenue Point (Eden Park). 2,384 20

Hardware and tools 354^1

Harness repairs 77 75

Horseshoeing 215 75

Horse-keep, veterinary surgeon, and medicine 253 30

Horse-covers, lap- robe, and horse-bedding 12 50

Horses 570 00

Hose 7 00

Ice 10 50

Incidentals — Cash paid by Superintendent for various small

bills, express charges, postage, street-car tickets, etc 66 88

Insecticide and fertilizer 90 50

Insurance 65 25

Light (greenhouse) 70 76

Lumber 429 85

Amount carried forward $39,291 49



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1072



Annual Report



Amount brought forward 39i29i 49

Painting sash 5 oo

Paints, glass, oil, and turpentine 171 6i

Plants, trees, seed, and bulbs 754 ^7

Plumbing, pipe, and fittings 275 06

Repairs to steam roller '3 oS

Repairs to music-stand (Eden Park) 290 14

Retaining-walls 730 88

Roofing-paper 10 35

Rubber boots 8 75

Sand, gravel, sewer-pipe, and cement 254 79

Soil, sod, earth, and manure 690 79

Stone (crushed, for roads, and stone for wall ; also hauling). . . 498 86

Street sprinkling 407 13

Sinking fund and interest 1,840 00

Sundry Vouchers — Stationery, newspaper, periodicals, florists'
directory, cotton-batting, ribbon for wreath, blue prints,
magnifying-glass, etc., twine, clock-rental, repairs to type-
writer, city directory, printing reports, and photographs

of Washington Park 107 38

Telephones and patrol-boxes * 281 82

Vaults cleaned 19 5°

Total $45,650 67



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INFIRMARY DEPARTMENT



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OFFICERS OF THE CITY INFIRMARY.



SUPBRINTBNDRNT :

MICHAEL HEISTER, jR.

ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENT :
EDWARD HORSTMAN.

MATRON :

Mrs. anna E. HEISTER.

PHYSICIAN :

Dr. JOHN M. ADAMS.

STOREKEEPER :

JOHN SCHOTT.

COMMITTEE ON INFIRMARY:
M. A. McGUIRE.



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OVERSEERS OF THE POOR.



FIRST DISTRICT:

JOHN T. SCONCE,

1st, Sd, Sd, Uth, and 96th Wards.
SECOND DISTRICT:

LOUIS WIELERT,

6th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th Wards.
THIRD DISTRICT:

PHILIP ECKENROTH,

20th, nth, ISth, rrth, tath, and SUt Wards.

FOURTH DISTRICT:

CHARLES SCHALLER,

15ih, 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th Wards.
FIFTH DISTRICT:

GEORGE J. STRENG,

Uth, fOth, SUt, nd, and S9th Wards.
SIXTH DISTRICT:

PETER MODE,

13th, SSd, tUih, Uth, and SOth Wards.



JOHN MOLLOY,

Visiting Inspector

JOHN C. LUECKE,
Clerk.



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Report of the Clerk.



Cincinnati, O., February i, 1902.

To the Honorable Board of Public Service :

Gentlemen, — I respectfully submit herewith the annual
report, showing receipts and disbursements of the Infirmary
Department, including relief furnished the outdoor poor, for
the year ending December 31, 1901.

The total cost of maintaining the Infirmary, including the
relief to outdoor poor (amounting to $9,961), is $92,730.80.
The cost of maintaining the Infirmary proper, exclusive of
the relief to the outdoor poor and the cost of permanent
improvements, is $74,574.36, making the cost of maintain-
ing the inmates per capita $89.31 yearly, or a daily expense
of 24.47 cents. A detailed statement and recapitulation is
hereto attached.

Provisions 30.782 88

Farm 8,879 78

Furnishing 2,742 85

Improvements 8,195 44

Medicines 1,333 22

Wages 17.254 48

Fuel 8,712 97

Clothing 3,084 91

Whiskv 1,011 22

Miscellaneous 714 20

Conveyaaoe 817 60

Repairs 666 89

Soap 1,762 16

Tobacco 1,886 80

Insurance 525 00

82,769 80

OuTDOOB Poor.

Provisions 2,066 14

Fuel 2.406 35

Coffins and interments 408 75

Pay account office and overseers 4.557 00

Expense, city office 257 60

Miscellaneous 265 16

9,961 00

»92,7 30 80

Certified account 1902 $3,489 42

Balance turned over to Police Department 126,480 81



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1078



Annual Report



The cost of maintaining inmates per capita for the year
1 901, exclusive of improvements and relief to outdoor poor,
is as follows :



Ayerage Nnmber
of Inmates


Total
Sxpendituret


Per Capita

per

Annum


P«r OapiU
DaUj


835


$74,574 36


$8931


24.47 cent*.



The receipts from taxes and sundries amounted to $1 16,014 57

Certification forward to 1901 6,635 9^

Respectfully submitted,

GEO. F. HOLMES,

Clrrk.



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Infirmary Department 1079



Report of the Superintendent.



Hartwell, Ohio, January i, 1902.

To the Honorable Board of Public Serince :

Gentlemen, — Pursuant to and in requirement of the
methods of your board, I have the honor to submit herewith
my report for the year ending December 31, 1901, together
with the report of the Physician and Storekeeper for the
same period.

The average maintenance has been 835 inmates, at an
average cost of 89.31 cents per capita. There were 872
inmates at the institution January i, 1901 ; during the year
1901 there were 350 inmates admitted, making a total of
1,222; out of which 113 died and 269 were discharged,
leaving at the close of the year 840 inmates ; of which 565
are males and 275 females. Nine were sent to the Longview
Hospital, one to the Blind Asylum, and one to the Home
of Incurables.

The total cost of maintaining the institution, exclusive of
the cost of permanent improvements and the relief furnished
to the outdoor poor, was 174,574.36.

All steam-, water-, and gas-pipes within our building
have been thoroughly and systematically inspected and re-



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1080 Annual Report



paired ; the water-pipes are old and filled up with lime and
iron, but the steam- and gas-pipes are in excellent condition.

The greatest amount of attention our home demands is in
the caring of the sanitary condition, and we have taken the
greatest care to keep these conditions as thoroughly main-
tained as it is possible to do in our situation.

The painting of most all the buildings is a most pleasing



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