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Annual reports of the officers, boards and departments online

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an inspection showed that waste and refuse from our own
city were drained almost immediately into the intake of oiu
waterworks. A vigorous campaign was at once inaugurated
against this pollution by this department, and as far as
possible it has been stopped.



SCHOOLS



"The Health Department has had the co-
operation of the Superintendent of Schools,
Dr. R. G. Boone, and the Board of Edu-

-cation in requiring evidence from school



children of recent vaccination. I would respectfully recom-
mend to your consideration the necessity of thorough weekly
medical inspection of schools and school -children, and of
thoroughly disinfecting school - rooms once a week with
formaldehyde or steam. Among the forty-seven thousand
children attending our schools there is a large percentage
from homes infected with disease, consequently the schools
are the greatest medium by which epidemics are started.
No teacher, pupil, or employee in whatsoever capacity who
is suffering from consumption should be permitted to attend
any public or other school unless they are properly supplied
with individual pocket-flasks to receive their expectoration.
Owing to an arrangement made with Dr. Boone, all
school - books found in the homes of those suffering from
infectious or contagious diseases are destroyed by this dc-



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Health Department 1173



partment. A report of those destroyed is sent to the
Superintendent of Schools. Library books and periodicals
are treated in like manner.

1 would recommend that school -buildings

FILTERS IN ^ supplied with filters of sufficient capacity
SCHOOLS to supply all those attending with an abun-

danre of filtered water. As the Ohio-river

water is becoming more and more contaminated from the
increased population along its course, no expense should be
considered in protecting the school - children from disease
contracted from drinking-water.

There are a number of schools having no

SEWERS AND sewer connection. This is principally in

SCHOOLS new districts, which as yet have not been

sewered. I would urge your particular



attention to this most unsanitary and disgraceful condition,
and recommend that every school, whether public or private,
be required to make connections with sewers so that proper
drainage can be had, or if none exists that they be built at
the earliest opportunity. The importance of this recom-
mendation is apparent.



It is a source of regret that Cincinnati has

PARKS, no greater park facilities, and it is to be

PLAY-GROUNDS. .,,,,,, . , „ ^ ,

PUBLIC BATHS hoped that the near future will find greater

means for out-of-door play -grounds for



children. The most intelligent solution of the criminal
problem which confronts every city is that of encouraging
the young, particularly of the lower walks of life, to take



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1174 Annual Report



healthy out-of-door exercise. To this end the number of
parks should be increased, and be largely devoted to play-
grounds for the poor.

At the same time free baths should be built in ever}*
park of our city. This could be done at a trifling expense.
Attendants of both sexes, to be supervised by the park police,
should be maintained at each park. To the "honor knd
glory of Cincinnati " his honor Mayor Flei^chmann has
erected the first public bath in our city. This is located at
the Public Landing. No greater charity for the public good
has ever been started than this munificent gift. Since the
erection of the public bath by Mr. Fleischmann there is
at this time under consideration by charitable associations
the construction of several baths for public use.



In the early part of the past year this de-

INSPECTION partment was tendered the assistance and
aod CONDEMNATION of .. . . .t. ^ r a • i t

LIVE STOCK cooperation of the Bureau of Animal In-

dustry of the United States Department



of Agriculture, having a local office in this city, at which
there are in attendance a corps of efficient veterinar\* sur-
geons, specially trained for the examination and discover}'
of disease in live stock and meats used for food.

Upon investigation I became convinced that the useful-
ness of this department would be greatly enhanced by the
acceptance of this offer. Heretofore live stock that ha\*e
been condemned by the municipal authorities as unfit for
food (except in cases of advanced pregnancy) have been
immediately killed and their carcasses turned over to the
desiccating company. After condemnation the owner had
no further rights in the carcass. By reason of the limited
funds at the command of this department, it was impossible



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Health Department 1175



to employ experts to fill all the positions of live-stock inspec-
tors ; certainly not such as have the efficiency and training
of the Federal employees. I have no doubt that often car-
casses were taken that were only diseased in part and sound
as to the remainder, which fact could only be ascertained by
an expert after post-mortem examination. In justice to thie
owner such sound parts should have been returned to him.
In order to secure a more rig^d and accurate examination
of the live stock coming to this market, and at the same
time do no injustice to dealers whose stock may be con-
demned, I have made an alteration in methods heretofore in
vogue in this department, and have required that all stock
condemned to be slain be brought to one place — which is at
present located on Spring -Grove Avenue, in the vicinity
of the Stock-yards — ^where, by arrangement with the desic-
cating company and without expense to the city, a slaugh-
tering-house has been erected. Here the animals are killed
after inspection by the Federal employees, and their concur-
rence in the opinion of the officers of this department as to
the necessity for the condemnation, and immediately a post-
mortem examination is had by the Federal veterinary, and
if upon such examination it is ascertained that the original
diagnosis was defective, or that the carcass or any part
thereof is fit for food, it is returned to the owner upon his
making an equitable arrangement for the costs of slaugh-
tering and dressing, or disposed of for his benefit. By this
arrangement but one competent man from this department
is required for killing the animals at the Stock-yards, and
the other inspectors can be employed elsewhere in services
not requiring skilled expert knowledge ; thus enabling me
to employ part of the force in night service (the necessity
for which has been heretofore recognized) to prevent unscru-



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1176 Annual Report



pulous dealers from surreptitiously disposing of diseased
meats in an unlawful manner.

In this introduction to the report made by this depart-
ment for the year 1901, I beg to acknowledge the very great
assistance and cooperation of his Honor Mayor Fleischmann ;
the Honorable August Herrmann, President Commissioners
of Waterworks ; the Honorable Wm. H. Lueders, Judge
of the Police Court ; Prosecuting Attorney Holmes, of the
Police Court ; the Corporation Counsel ; Colonel Deitsch,
Superintendent of Police ; and Mr. Fred. Maag, the Super-
intendent of the Street-cleaning Department.

Trusting that my efforts to enforce the laws relating to
the Department of Health will meet the approval of your
honorable Board, I am

Very respectfully yours,

CLARK W. DAVIS, M. D.,

Health Officer,



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Health Department 1177



Bureau of Finance



Department of Health,

Cincinnati, January i, 1902.

Clark W. Davis, M. D., Health Officer:

Dear Sir,^I have the honor to submit the report of
Finance and Medical Relief for the year ended December
31, 1901.

Very respectfully,

J. M. RAY,

Chief Clerk,



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1178



Annual Report



TABLE I.



Detailed Statement of ExpenditureB of the Department of Health in
the Tear 1901.



SANITABT FUND.

Total amount receiyed from Grand Duplicate for year 1901..

Paid for nalaries— Sanitary

Assistant Health Officers

** horse-keep

' ' stationery and printing ( annual report included)....

tablete

" prescriptions for O. D. P

" stamps

** car-fare

" new buggy, health officer

" *• meat inspector

" typewriter

*' veterinary services

" horseshoeing

" clock rentals

•' telephones .



gas for laboratory .
Ril



laboratory material

daily papers

repairs buggies and harness .
disinfectants and antitoxin...

purchasing agent

taking care of ambulance

sundries



Total Sanitary Expenses ....
Balance in Sanitary Fund..



FROM CONTINGENT FUND.

Ordinance 614, abatement of existing contagious disease*, appro-
priated

Salaries and sundries



Ordinance 715, abatement of existing contagious diseases, appro-
printed -

Salaries and sundries



MABKBT FUND.



Amount appropriated for year 1901

Amount appropriated for year 1901 (Special Ordinance 6S7)..



Paid for salaries...,
*' sundries .



Total Market Expenses

Balance in Market Fund..



32,278 50
6,298 31

706 80
1,067 46

415 bii
28 25
98 00

293 80

250 00

150 00
62 75
30 00
72 50
12 00

279 00
4 99

316 44
32 96

101 66

187 44
71 90
60 00

207 56



59T5 00



$968 30



15.060 00
1.146 66



13,759 91
698 98



43.220 00



4S,01o S7



tXH m



fl.OOO 00



$1,000 OU



16.206 66



14,456 89



$1,747 77



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Health Department



1179



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1180



Annual Report



TABLE III.

Comparative Financial Statement of the Sanitary and Xarket Bureaus
for the Past Ten Years.



YEAR.


Sanitary


Market


ToUl


1892


58.217 30
47,950 02
44,090 87
44,391 89
43,503 42
44,998 49
41,245 12
43,839 49
41.100 00
48.220 00


14.516 10
14,897 06
15.906 05
14.197 66
18.000 00
17,600 83
14,011 43
14,156 80
16,086 66
15,060 00


72.733 40


1893

1894


62,847 08
59 996 92


1895

1896


58.589 55
61,503 42


1897

1898

1899


62,599 32
55.963 61
57,996 29


1900


57.186 66


1901


58,280 00


Average ■,- -


945,256 66


$15,443 25


160,769 62







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Health Department



1J81



TABLE IV.

Outdoor Poor Xedioal Belief by Xonths dnrinflr the Tear 1901.



Month



II



o 0*2.



: S-



15



4

II

8o



January

February....

March...

April

May ....a

June

July

August

September .

October

November..
December..



Totals for 1901 ...
Totals for 1900...
Totals for 1899 ...
Totals for 1898...
Totals for 1897...
Totals for 18%...
Totals for 1896...
Totals for 1894...
Totals for 1893...
Totals for 1892...



481
372
407
277
287
341
289
228
230
326
276
322



3,836



3,994



6,060



5,314



4,091



2,895



3,513



4,599



3,616



4,448



770
609
665
465
462
542
443
362
374
511
448
498



1,579

1,313

1,426

1,009

887

1,213

940

708

781

1,019

1,061

1,093



478
368
405
285
285
335
281
224
231
321
267
800



288
234
254
176
173
199
155
132
141
187
177
189



6,149



13,028



64



3,780



2,306



6,672



12,960



70



3,924



2,678



18,076



95



5,456



629



18,212



113



593



14,006



74



3,473



541



9,692



57



2,427



411



11,144



3,428



11,682



80



4,479



123 71
78 80

1 20
48 20
1102
19 20

125
66 20



60 60



43 60



1443 78



1651 96



S619 58



9348 53



$831 69



S96 95



9214 69



9114 38



11,229



81



3.535



$1,529 58



18,973



126



4,391



93,423 21



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1182



Annual Report



TABLE V.

Outdoor Poor Kadloal BeUof by Diatricta dorinc leoi.



Districts


New
Patients


Old
fatieuts


Total
Patients


Visits


Deaths


Dis- 1 Con-
cbaiged tinned


First District


88
112
318
398
248
161
317
295
279

24

33
113
1214
413
210

53
137
156

48
163

76


125
59

250

162
2
7

153
33
86

518
70

296
24
35
26
53

258
45
44
2i
48


213
171
563
560
250
168
470
328
365
537
103
409
238
448
236
106
895
201
87
177
124


539
288

1.198

1,172
373
289
568
562
776

1,187
842

1,067
682
657
531
245

1,127
660
122
421
212


3
1
2
11
1
2
5
4
6
1
1
6
5
1
2

4

6
2
1


89 121


Second District


107 6S


Third District


819
384
247
161
315
289


242


Fourth District

Fifth District


16S
2


Sixth District


5


Seventh District

Eielith District


UO
.IS


Ninth Districts


272 ■ S7


Tenth District


26 1 510


Eleventh District..


31
103
209
420
207

50
1S2


71


Twelfth District


3D0


Thirteenth District


24


Fourteenth District


f:


Fifteenth District


27


Sixteenth District


M


Seventeenth District


•ri0


Eighteenth District


152 43


Nineteenth District.


42
149

76


43


Twentieth District


27


Twenty-first District


48






Total


3,836


2,313


6,149


13,028


64


8.780










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Health Department 1183



Bureau of Vital Statistics



Cincinnati, Ohio, January 2, 1902.

Clark W. Davis, M. D., Health Officer:

Dear Sir, — I have the honor to submit the following
statistics of births, marriages, and deaths as reported to this
bureau in the year ending December 31, 190 1.

The estimated population of the city is 336,000 — ^about
10,000 more than the census taken in June, 1900. The
number of deaths were 6,155, making a rate of mortality
in 1901 of 18.32 for each 1,000 inhabitants.

Respectfully submitted,

E. WALTER EVANS,

Registrar of Vital Statistics.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC



1184



Annual Report





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Health Department



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Digitized by VjOOQ IC



1186



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DI5EA3E5 OP THE CIRCULATORY
APPARATUS.

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DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY
SYSTEM.

87 Diseases of i

88 Affections

89 Affections

90 Bronchitia.


I

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Digitized by VjOOQ IC



1188



Annual Report





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Health Department



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DISEASES OF THE QENITO - URINARY
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Online LibraryCincinnati (Ohio)Annual reports of the officers, boards and departments → online text (page 74 of 96)