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EXCURSION SUPPLEMENT A.



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS

(Hade necessary by changes in the topography of the city
and recent excavations and discoveries)

TO EXCURSIONS

PLANNED FOR THE

CITY HISTORY CLUB OF NEW YORK

BY FRANK BERGEN KELLEY, A.M., Ph.D.
AIDED BY

Thomas J. Burton, Life Member of the N. Y. Historical Soc,

Reginald Pelham Bolton, Member of the N. Y. Historical Soc,

Edward Hagaman Hall, Historian of the Empire State Society, Sons

of the American Revolution.

PRICE, 5 CENTS.

Mailed on receipt of price by Secretary, City History Club,
23 W. 44th Street.



APRIL, 1905.



fva?



3



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This pamphlet is to be used in connection with the eight excursion
leaflets recently issued by the City History Club. The topography of the
city is constantly changing, and new information as to historic facts is
continually coming to light, necessitating frequent corrections and addi-
tions to the material already gathered. In order to avoid the expense of
reprinting former excursions, it is proposed to issue an Excursion Supple-
ment occasionally, correcting or adding points of interest as occasion
requires.



Gift



Autiboj,



EXCURSION No. L

CITY HALL TO WALL STREET.
(Revised 1902.)

SECTION I.

{^Nuiubers in parentheses correspond with those i7i Excursion No. /.)

(i) See marble tablet (erected 1903, during the 250th anniversary cele-
bration of the City Charter, in the corridor of first floor between and de-
scriptive of two tablets (originally on the roof of the City Hall) containing
the names of the architect, sculptor and building committee.

The reason foj: the use of brown stone in the rear v^all of City Hall was
to save expense. The city already extended many blocks north of Cham-
bers St.

(2 and 7) The Eegister's Office was torn down in 1903. During its
demolition coins, buttons and human bones were found in the excavation.
The key mentioned as being m the Historical Society building is that of
the old Bridewell (torn down in 1838), the great lock of which may now be
seen there.

(9) The Hale Statue was erected by the Sons of the Revolution and
was the original design of MacMonnies.

(12) The Greeley Statue here was erected chiefly at the expense of the
N. Y. Tribune. See also statues of Franklin and Guttenberg on the front
of the Staats Zeitung building, Park Row and Center St. On this site once
stood the first Free School building of New York City. It was erected in
1809 on what was then called Tryon Row, corner of Chatham St.

SECTION II.

(20) St. Paul's Cbapel was built by McBean, the interior being mod-
elled after St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London. For detailed description
of St. Paul's and Trinity Churchyards read Felix Oldboy's " Walks in Our
Churchyards," published by G. G. Peck. (See also " St. Paul's Chapel,"
by Chas. F. Wingate, published by A. B. King & Co.)

(24) The Great Boot has recently been removed, but the old rough-
rock house remains.

SECTION III.

(31) The Chamber of Commerce (65 Liberty St., admission only
through a member's card) contains a fine collection of portraits of old New
York merchants.



(32) For an interesting description of Maiden Lane, Smit's Viy and
Golden Hill in Dutch days see Innes' " New Amsterdam and Its People "
(Scribner), Chaps. XXV-XXIV.

(i/) The bell once hanging in the North Church tower now stands in
the churchyard at Twenty-ninth St. and Fifth Ave. (see Excursion No.
V, i8).

(41) Irving lived at the site of 126 William St. and Lafayette at 90
William St.

(44) The United States Hotel was torn down in 1903.

See tablet at 8-10 Peck Slip, erected by General Society of Mayflower
Descendants in 1904 to commemorate the warehouse of Isaac Allerton,
a Mayflower Pilgrim who was Gov. Bradford's assistant at Plymouth.

Through Roosevelt St. once ran " Old Wreck Brook" (see Excursion
No. Ill, 20), thought by Innes to have been named for the wreck of Adrian
Block's ship, the Tiger. (See Excursion No. VII, 11.)

(48) Franklin Square was named in 1817 by the Board of Aldermen
for Benjamin Franklin.

EXCURSION No. H.

GREENWICH VILLAGE AND LISPENARD'S MEADOWS.

(Revised 1902.)

(Corrected with the aid of Thomas J. Burton, Life Member of the New
York Historical Society, who has written a paper on " Greenwich Village "
to be pubHshed by that Society. Letters in parentheses correspond with
those in Excursion No. II.)

SECTION I.

{A) Astor Place (Art St.) and Greenwich Avenue (Monument Lane)
are the only remaining parts of the Inland Road to Greenwich, connecting
it with the Bowery. The Greenwich Ave. portion was the line of retreat
of Sullivan's Brigade and Knox's Artillery, September 15, 1776, Aaron
Burr being the guide.

(B) See old houses at 187-191 West 4th St. The site of the Spencer
mansion is at the east side of 4th, near loth St.; it was used in 1822 as a
city Post Office during the yellow fever plague.

(C) The Northern Dispensary was built in 1830. The Abyssinian
Church opposite on Waverly Place was built in 1803 at the corner of
Amos (West loth St.) and Herring (Bleecker) St. as the Greenwich
Dutch Reformed Church, and is the third oldest church edifice now stand-



5

ing in Manhattan. The Reformed Presbyterians bought it in 1826 and
removed it to its present location.

Christopher St. was called " Skinner Road " for one of Sir Peter
Warren's sons-in-law. West 4th St. was called " Asylum St.," as the
New York Orphan Asylum was established here. The houses at 11
Christopher St. were occupied one hundred years ago by Scotch weavers
whose gardens ran down to the Greenwich Road.

(D) The site of Jefferson Market was originally a pond.

(^) Gansevoort St. was once "Great Kiln Road," Southampton Road,
meeting it at 15th St. and 7th Ave. (See also Excursion II, p. 6, and
Excursion V, pp. 8 and 9.) The Jewish Cemetery site was purchased in
1804 and consecrated 1805. It was first used as a burial place for
strangers, but became the regular burying place of the congregation in
1822. In 1829 nth St. was opened by the City Commissioners, encroach-
ing largely on the cemetery.

(N) The Fitzroy Road ran parallel to 8th Ave. and about 100 yards
east (Excursion V, page 9.) At the southeast corner of Bank and
Bleecker Sts. see "The Barracks," the upper part being the original
prison for sailors taken from the captured British man-of-war " Peacock "
during the War of 1812.

(/) 82 Jane St. is the site of Wm. Bayard's house in which Alexander
Hamilton died. At 126 Greenwich Ave., opposite Jackson Square, see
C. H. Brilting's large and unique collection of theatre posters, programs,
etc., dating back to 1805.

(J/) St. John's Lutheran Church at 81 Christopher St. was built 1821
for the 8th Presbyterian Church.

[O] The old Orove Street School (P. S. 3) was destroyed by fire in
1905.

It is proposed to mark the new building with a tablet to commemorate
Lafayette's visit in 1824 to the original school on this site,

{P) The grocery at the northeast corner of Bleecker and Christopher
Sts. is in part the original building in which the Commissioners of 1807 had
their office. 05 Morton Street is the former country house of General
Morton opposite which was Mr. Williamson's garden mentioned in Wash-
ington's diary.

(R) St. Clement's Church on West 3rd St. contains an organ built
for St. John's in 1814. It was captured by the British and ransomed for
$2,000. In 1 85 1 it was rebuilt and placed here.

The cottages in Cottage Place have given way to tall tenements. See
old house at the rear of 133 W. 3d St.



(5) The Richmond Hill mansion was moved in its latter days to 34-38
Charlton St.

Several of the old houses mentioned have lately disappeared but some
remain on Morton St. between Greenwich and Washington Sts., at Hudson
and Watts Sts., on VanDam, Charlton and Spring Sts., and on Vatick St.
between Charlton and Carmine Sts.

The Spring" Street Church was erected 1835, its predecessor of 181 1
having been built of material from the old First Church in Wall St.

[T) See quaint old St. John's Lane and York Street behind the
church. On Saturday morning one may see the dispensing of the " Leake
Dole of bread " established in 1800. St. John's is the fourth oldest church
edifice yet standing in Manhattan, being antedated by St. Paul's Chapel
(1764-6), St. Mark's (1795-9) ^^^ the Abyssinian Church in Waverly Place
(Q.

{U) The factory at 1 39-141 Franklin St. was originally a church,
built in 1823.

EXCURSION No. IIL

THE BOWERY AND EAST SIDE (1902).

{^Figures and lettei's in parentheses correspond with those in Excursion

IIL)

SECTION I.

(2) St. Mark's in the Bowery is the oldest church site in Manhattan
still occupied by a church. The first communion cloth (1799) and an old
communion set may yet be seen. For a complete history and description
of the church read the " Memorial of St. Mark's Church in the Bowery "
published by the Vestry in 1899. Read also " The Evolution of Stuyvesant
Village " by A. A. Rikeman, published by G. C. Peck. The body of A.
T. Stewart was buried here in 1876 and stolen two years later. Thomas
A. Emmett was buried here and not in the N. Y. City Marble Cemetery.
The old Bowery Village graveyard is hidden in the middle of the block
bounded by nth and 12th Sts., and First and Second Aves. Stuyvesant
St. is the one remaining street in the old village.

(3) The New^ York Historical Society will soon occupy its new building
on Central Park West, between 76th and 77th Sts.

(4) The four historical tablets within the church commemorate (i)
Peter Minuit, first colonial governor and an elder of the original church :
(2) Sebastian Jansen Krol and Jan Huyck, kranken besoekers (visitors of
the sick) ; (3) Rev. Jonas Michaelius. the 'first minister and (4) J. C. Lan-
phier, founder of Fulton St. prayer meeting.



See also tablet to victims of the Slocum disaster, and the coat of
arms of John Harpendinck (Excursion No. i, 37).

(6) The " Mechanics' Bell " at 4th St., East River, was placed here
about 1830, to announce work hours.

(11) Now torn down and site occupied by the Wanamaker Annex.

(16) The second milestone is between i6th and 17th Sts.

SECTION II.

{M) The Bowery, originally Bouwerie (Dutch for "farm") Lane,
begins at Chatham Square and originally continued up Fourth Ave. to
Madison Square (See Excursion No. V). In English days it was called
Bowery Road, shortened in 1807 to The Bowery. Delancey St. has re-
cently been widened and is to be parked as an approach to the Williams-
burgh Bridge.

(22) This plot was granted in 1656. In 1902 it was marked by a
tablet erected under the auspices of The American Scenic and Historic
Preservation Society and The Jewish Historical Society. It was fortified
during the Revolution.

P. S. No. 1 at Henry and Oliver Sts. is the successor to the first Free
School of New York.

(24) This old house and the alley from Worth St. have disappeared.
See old houses at the N. E. cor of Baxter and Worth Sts. ; other old houses
linger in the neighborhood.

(28) See also " €ol)web Hall" at 80 Duane St., the framework of the
building dating back to about 1780.

SECTION III.

(//) See the liberty pole at Columbia and Stanton Sts.

(/) At Grand and Pitt Sts. rose Mount Pitt in Revolutionary days.
St. Mary's Catholic Church at Grand and Ridge Sts. contains the oldest
Catholic Church bell in the city.

(/*) See the " House of Lords " at the corner of Crosby and E. Hous-
ton Sts., a famous old tavern.

EXCURSION No. IV.

CENTRAL PARK TO VAN CORTLANDT PARK.
(Revised 1900.)
(Corrected with the aid of Reginald Pelham Bolton and Edward Haga-
man Hall, Members of the New York Historical Society.)

Great changes have taken place in this part of the city, owing to im-
proved facilities in rapid transit and the consequent building up of the



8

neighborhood which has necessitated the tearing down and obhteration
of old landmarks. Fortunately, however, this very process has brought
to light many traces of Indian, Colonial and Revolutionary times.

The following books will be found of special value in the study of this
part of the city: " Geology of the City of New York," by L. P. Gratacap
of the American Museum of Natural History ; Ulmann's " Landmark
History of New York " (Appleton) ; R. R. Wilson's " New York Old and
New" (Lippincott) ; "Fort Washington." by R. P. Bolton, published by
the Empire State Society, Sons of the American Revolution ; Johnston's
"Battle of Harlem Heights " (Macmillan) ; vol. HI. "Memoirs of the
Long Island Historical Society ; " R. S. Guernsey's " History of the War
of 1812;" Riker's "History of Harlem;" Scharf's and Bolton's Histories
of Westchester County.

SECTION I.

[Figures cori'espond with those in Excursion IF.)

(i) The "Excursion No. V. " referred to is Bicycle Excursion No. 11,
which contains a short sketch of Andrew McGown. It has recently been
discovered that McGown at the time of his encounter with the Hessians
was 31 years of age, but as he was undersized, a cripple, and always known
as "the boy," the moral of the story is not affected. (The new Excursion
No. V. covers Manhattan from 14th to iioth Sts.)

4) Note. — The cigar store is now on the opposite side of the street
near Seventh Av.

N. B. — It is proposed to add a section on " Old Harlem Village "when
this Excursion is re-issued. Information as to existing landmarks and
traces will be gladly received by the City History Club.

SECTION II.

[Reached most easily by the Subway to ii6th St., when points may be
visited in the following order : g, S, 7, 6, 10, 11, 12, 5,)

(5) From this point (cut back from 126th St.) Washington watched
the battle of Harlem.

(6) On the blockhouse in 1904 was erected a tablet by the Women's
Auxiliary to the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society. The
Uttle height just south formed part of a redoubt in the Revolution.

(7) This tablet was erected by the Daughters of the War of 181 2.

(8) Within may be seen the iron crown formerly in King's College.



(ii) George Pollock in 1795 bought this property, "Strawberry Hill"
or " Vandewater Heights," from Nicholas DePeyster and sold part of it
to Guilian Verplanck, the rennainder later to Cornelia Verplanck, reserving
the burial plot which in 1800 he deeded to her to preserve.

(12) Also called Post mansion, and once the home of Joseph Bona-
parte.

SECTION III.

( To save walking, take the Subway to i^yth St., and visit ly, 16, ij, 18-
ig : then take Amsterdam Ave. car to 141st St. and visit jj.)

(13) Stood formerly on the west side of the avenue between 142nd and
143rd Sts. The trees are nearly all dead, but an attempt is being made to
put others in their places.

Intrenchment No. i was made between the lines of 147th and 148th
Sts. in September, 1776.

(15) This tablet is just north of 153rd St. and marks the second line
of intrenchments.

(18) On St. Nicholas, not Amsterdam Ave.

(19) The Ro^er Morris mansion was acquired by the city in 1904.
See the tablet commemorating this event and the formal opening of Roger
Morris Park. The house is to be fitted up as a colonial museum.

Additional points 165th to 172nd St. along Broadwaj^ (Supplied
by R. P. Bolton.)

On 'he old Albany Post Road (now Broadway), at 165th St., stood the
Cross Keys Tavern, destroyed by the opening of the street ; traces of the
well, etc., exist in lots below the road. Here Colonel Knowlton's body
was brought September 15, 1776.

Between i68th and 169th Sts., west of Broadway, note remains of the
Bradley farmhouse of 1800 on the top of a hillock. This was the site of
a large camp of Americans in 1776, and later of Hessians. The British
map shows barracks here. Numerous remains of fireplaces, pocket
knives, barrel hoops, etc., were found here when i68th St. was opened.

Note on the west side, between 171st and 172nd Sts., part of a fine
avenue of sycamores, which formerly led to an old mansion overlooking
the Hudson and known as "the French Academy." Where 171st St. is
cut through rocks west of Fort Washington Ave. were traces of several
camp fires and a redoubt.



lO

SECTION IV.

{Reached by the Subway to iSist St.)

(21) Instead of an arch, a marble wayside seat and talilet were
erected here in 1905 under the auspices of the Sons of the American
Revolution and the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society.

Additional points on Forts Washington and Tryon. (Supplied
by R. P. Bolton.)

The Perkins house (w. side of Broadway between 179th and i8oth
Sts.) is on the site and the lower part is probably part of the original
farm house of the Oblinus family, first Dutch settlers (before 1706). The
land north, including the meadows around Holyrood Church, was granted
in 1 691 to Joost Oblinus, Magistrate of Haarlem, and was known as the
*' Indian Field" or "Great Maize Land," being at that time occupied by
Indians.

Holyrood P. E. Church (founded and built 1895 by Rev. Wm. O. Em-
bury) at Broadway and iSist St. See within a tablet erected 1902 by the
Mary Washington Colonial Chapter of the D. A. R. to the memory of Mar-
garet Corbin, heroine of the battle of Fort Washington. In the guildhall and
library is a permanent collection of relics of the battleground and camps
of the locality; the great fire-place is built of stones and bricks from
Colonial houses and Revolutionary camp fireplaces, and the Dutch chim-
ney-hook and firepot are from the Dyckman House, In the churchyard
see the 11th mile-stoue (originally at 171st St.). The surrounding land
was occupied by American barracks in 1776 (a camp market being held
herein October), and by Van Donop's Hessian hut camp until 1781.

On the opposite side of Broadway see the ruins of the fireplace and
oven of the house of Baltus Moore, built of materials from the original
Blue Bell Tavern, w. side of Broadway, partly on i8ist St. Here in 1783
Washington reviewed the army of occupation on Evacuation Day.

The whole hill north of i8ist St. was known as "the Long Hill,"
changed in 1776 to Mount Washington ; the hill northeast was Laurel
Hill, now Fort George.

Remains of Fort Washing-ton : the east glacis was the slope on the
north side of i8ist St. beyond the church, and earthworks extended
across the old lane (probably the original lane to the fort from the Post
Road) and the meadow. At the intersection of Fort Washington Ave.
and 181st St. and along Fort Washington Ave. 75 feet south have been
unearthed numerous relics including bones of 45 dead who had been buried
in a trench. Dealh (rap, the ravine to the north, was the traditional scene



u

of great execution as here the British and Hessian troops tried to force
their way up the heights, the defenders hurhng great boulders down on
them from above. Human bones have been found in the valley below,
especially near the Roman Catholic Church at 187th St. See the "Hessian
Spring"" in the ravine below the rocks, site of the hut camp and garden
of the garrison.

The Ime of a zigzag military (?) road connecting Fort Knyphausen
(Fort Washington) and Fort George may still be traced on both sides of
Broadway.

The highest point of Manhattan is in front of the Bennett house.

Two earth bastions have been located and are plainly visible south-
west of the house.

The site of Fort Tryon is f of a mile north at Fort Washington Ave.
and 196th St., on what was known as " Forest Hill."

The old observatory is gone, but a small two-gun " Heche," or
redoubt is still visible just north of the new Billings mansion, and lower
breastworks may be seen on the west side of the hill below, — the scene of
Margaret Corbin's exploit. Here took place the bloodiest resistance of
the battle, 600 Maryland and Virginia troops withstanding 4,600 Hessians
for nearly three hours. Half way down the hill tov/ards the Hudson and
reached from the top by a narrow path may be seen the soldiers' spring.

To reach points 23, 24, 25 go w^st from Fort Washington descending
through the fields toward the Hudson and across the west glacis of the
fort to Northern Ave. (formerly Bennett Lane) ; go south to i8ist St.
east to Boulevard Lafayette and south to the park entrance. The N. Y.
Central R. R, was built here in 1838.

(23) See the view north to the Tappan Zee.

(24) This redoubt was built in October 1776 by Imbert, a French
engineer, and is the best preserved of the entire district. The telegraph
mast hole was cut in 1852 ; see the old iron eyebolts in the surrounding
rocks.

(25) On the shore see traces of a one-gun lunette ; note the beaches
where men and stores weie landed,

Side trip to Fort Lee. (Supplied by E. H. Hall.)
Take Fort Lee Ferry from W. 130th St., and the trolley up the
Palisades to Fort Lee village. The site of the fort is on the bluff bounded
by Cedar and English St. and Parker Ave. In the woods s. w. of the
pond (now dry) and the church see remains of the soldiers' fireplaces or
hut chimneys, and w. of these the zigzag line of the breastwork. "Wash-
ington's Well" is N. E. of the church (east of Parker Ave.), and still
further east is a huge flat stone used as the bottom of a soldiers' bread



12

oven. Traces of redoubts are visible on the crest of the Pahsades east of
the fort, and another redoubt some distance north was used to protect the
sunken obstructions at "the Telegraph Crossing."

SECTION V.

(26) The 11th milestone is now in Holyrood Churchyard. The
British breastwork and its embrasure are still in good preservation in the
fields opposite 190th St.

Just south of the intersection of Dyckman St. and Broadway may yet
be seen the remains of the Black Horse Tavern built about 1800.

The British Guards and Light Infantry, led by Cornwallis, landed on
the south bank of Sherman's Creek below Laurel Hill (about 201st St.).
From the British camp on the north side of the creek many relics have
been unearthed.

(27) On the hillock at 209th St., near 10th Ave., was the original Dyck-
man farmhouse which was burnt by the British in 1783. At Hawthorne
St. on Broadway (formerly Kingsbridge Road) is the second Dyckman
House built in 1787. The 12th milestone is in the stone wall of the
Isham property on the west side of Broadway a few rods north. It was
moved here from about 190th St.

The colonial graveyard contains the remains of the Vermilyea, Nagle,
Dyckman, Post and Ryer families ; their negro slave burying ground lay
west of loth Ave. Near 211th St., west of loth Ave., were several Indian
pits in which were found in 1904 remains of a dog and snake, oyster shells
and pottery. These were probably traces of the ceremony known as the
"White Dog Feast."

(28) The Century House of the Post and Nagle families (east of the
line of the old Post Road at about 211th St.), once the headquarters of
General Heath, was burnt in 1901.

Side trip to Cold Spring.

Walk west from Broadway on Emerson St. to the outlet of Spuyten
Duyvil Creek (Papirinamin, " parcelled out "). The shell heap here was
very extensive. Another meaning of Shorackappock is the " sitting down "
or "resting place." Henry Hudson had his first fight near by with the
" natives of the great village " on the Spuyten Duyvil hill.

It is proposed to build in 1909 a Henry Hudson Memorial Bridge
across the creek at this point to commemorate the 300th anniversary' of
Hudson's discovery.



13

(29) On Marble Hill, just west, was the Hessian fort, Prince Charles.

(30) The original structure was a few rods east and was free to the
king's forces. In 171 3 it was moved to the present site on the present
stone abutments. The large stones in the water to the west are remains
of McComb's grist mill of 1800, which fell in 1856.

SECTION VI.

(32) Papirinamin, the name of the creek, was also applied to Mosh-
olu marshes. Where Broadway crosses the creek was " Gardiner's
Island," containing Indian shell heaps.

(33) This was a public house in 1693 "at the north end of the bridge,"
and in 1776 knov\'n as Cox's Tavern. It was bought by Alex. McComb in
1797 and in 1830 became the property of his son's wife, Mrs. Robert
McComb, It has been enlarged and altered by its present owner, J. H.
Godwin.

The following Revolutionary forts are located by E. H. Hall in his
"One Hundred and Ten Historic Sites and Objects in New York City,"
prepared for the Empire State Society, Sons of the American Revolution.

No. I, forms the foundation of L. H. Lapham's house ; Spuyten
Duyvil Hill, west of junction of Sidney St. and Independence Ave.

No. II, or Ft. Swartout : crown of hill, N. E. of intersection of Sidney


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