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THE



Colonial Echo



VOLUME XIX
MCMXXI







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PUBLISHED BY THE

STUDENTS OF THE COLLEGE OF WILLIAM & MARY

WILLIAMSBURG, VIRGINIA



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In times long past, on English soil,

Reigned William great and Mary good,
And, spite of foreign wars' turmoil.

And civil strife and scenes of blood,
They 'stablished in the virgin west
This school we love of all the best.

Then to our royal founders' names
In Orange wreathed and York's pure white,

We'll raise our song in glad acclaim
And break the stillness of the night
With

Rah! Rah! Ree!

W. M. C.

1693.

Right doughty men were Parson Blair

(Priest, pioneer, first president)
And his successors in the chair.

With mind and heart devoutly bent
To make young Indians ideas shoot
And spare the white man's scalp hirsute.
But when these seek their native haunts,
With keener zest the scalp they take:
And student braves in frenzied dance
Around their victim at the stake
Whoop

Rah! Rah! Ree!

W. M. C.

1693.




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p< What great alumni thronged this spot!

Monroe, Page, Marshall, Tucker, Roane,
|j Rives, Tyler, Randolph, Taylor, Scott,

Leigh, Gilmer, Tazewell, Jefferson,
Who urged his hopeless plea of love
^ To fair Belinda of the Grove.

I For, radiant as summer skies,

^ The loveliest maidens here abound ;

}
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^ To sweethearts then and witching eyes

§^ We'll make the very heavens resound



W^ith

Rah! Rah! Ree!

W. M. C.

1693.



^J Turn not alone to days of yore,

I But may our younger brethren aim

J<, To lead in hall and field once more,

^ And light anew this shrine with Fame,

^ As when our powdered fathers met

g. And danced the stately minuet.

And when \irginia calls her roll

|j Of mighty sons on storied page,

I Our brothers' names upon the scroll

^ Shall blaze like stars from age to age!

I So

I Rah! Rah! Ree!

I W. M. C.

I 1693.



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DEDICATION

Co

aibbocate anii3iutt)oritp onHegall^rocebure

l^ersatilc USan of Hctters;,

Hlumnug, iFormer Member anb Utector of

'€iit S^oarb of l^tKitorg,

linsitDerbing ifricnb anb <0cnerous!

2?cncfactor of tlje O^lb CoUege,

iForCfjirtj* gears tijc ilintirinslt©orber

in aU 'Cfjat ^abc for ^tv

l©eU=2?ein8 anb Progrcgs,

31n Hbmiration anb <Z3ratttubc

as ©ebicateb

'^TfjE Colonial OJcfjo

for 1921



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Robert Morton Htcuks. A. B., M. A., I.L. D.



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Robert Morton Hughes

ROBERT M. HUGHES, the son of Robert \V. and Eliza M.
Hughes, was born at Abingdon, Virginia, on September lo, 1855.

At the age of fifteen years he entered the College of William
and Mary, from which he was graduated Bachelor of Arts on
July 4, 1873, before the completion of his eighteenth year.

Entering the University of Virginia in October of the same
year, he received his Master of Arts degree on July 4, 1877.

He at once entered upon the practice of the law in the city of
Norfolk, where he has since continued to reside. Mr. Hughes'
ability as a lawyer has been recognized, and his success evidenced, not only by
the importance of the litigation entrusted to him and the character of his clien-
tele, but also by the positions of honor and trust conferred upon him by his brethren
of the bar. For many years a member and the eighth president of the \'irginia
State Bar Association ; for many years chairman of the Library and Legal Litera-
ture Committee of the Association and of the Committee on Legal Education and
Admission to the Bar, and president since its organization of the Virginia Board
of Law Examiners. Mr. Hughes has done permanent, constructive work in
shaping the foundations and practice of his profession. He has indeed well
repaid that debt which Lord Bacon says every man owes his profession.

Though actively and successfully engaged in the practice of the law, and
a leader in fixing the lines along which the practice of the law in X'irginia should
proceed, Mr. Hughes has found time to devote to literary pursuits, and as an
author in various fields he has earned a national reputation. The publishers of
the biographical series of "Great Commanders of the Civil \\'ar," having invited
General Joseph E. Johnston to designate the biographer he would prefer, that
distinguished soldier chose his nephew, Mr. Hughes, and his work ranks among
the most successful of all that authoritative series.

Mr. Hughes' Treatise upon Admiralty Law, which appeared in 1901, was at
once adopted for use in the leading schools of the country ; and at the request
of the publishers, three years later, he wrote a treatise upon Federal Procedure,
a new edition of which was made necessary by the reorganization of the Federal
Court System and the promulgation of the New Judicial Code. A new edition
of the Admiralty Law was published in 1920. In 1907, at the request of a lead-
ing law book publishing firm, Mr. Hughes wrote the article on Maritine Liens
which is incorporated in the Cyclopedia of Law and Procedure.

Mr. Hughes is known to the profession, however, not alone as an able
practitioner and author, but as a teacher of law as well. By invitation of the
authorities he has delivered courses of lectures on Admiralty Law at Washington
and Lee, George Washington, and Georgetown Universities.

Mr. Hughes worthily maintains the finest traditions of the legal profession
in his varied and catholic sympathies in all branches of belles lettres scholarship.



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His private library is one of the finest in the South in the extensive range of g

interests represented, and its owner's knowledge of rare and old editions, and a

of the literature of art and sculpture, is typical of the devoted and lifelong stu- ^

dent. Mr. Hughes has from time to time written verse of no mean order of ^

merit, and he has been in constant requisition before literary and patriotic organi- '^

zations for addresses on particular occasions and notable men. %

Mr. Hughes was especially active in the revival of the mother chapter of «

the Phi Beta Kappa Society at its birthplace in 1893, after a period of su.spension >d

covering nearly three-fourths of a century. He has been enthusiastic in its gi

service, having served as president of Alpha Chapter for a number of terms, ^j

and having repeatedly attended the triennial National Councils of the United Chap- ^i
ters as the representative of the mother chapter.

Mr. Hughes was for a number of years Rector of the Board of Visitors of
the College, and has shown his abiding interest in and love for Alma Mater by
his generous gifts of a succession of scholarships, medals and prizes bestowed
annually upon the successful students competing for literary honors. Perhaps
the best known is the "Pi Kappa Alpha Scholarship." awarded to the member
of the local chapter of that fraternity, whose translation from a foreign language
into English is deemed most worthy by a committee of judges. In 1920, as a
fitting culmination to a lifelong service to the College, and in grateful acknowl-
edgment, the Board of \'isitors, at the instance of the Faculty, conferred upon
him the degree of Doctor of Laws.

To all who know either, Mr. Hughes and the old College are inseparably
associated. In a life crowded with varied activities — legal, political, literary —
any one of which would seem to claim his available time, Mr. Hughes has been
an outstanding leader in all matters demanding active interest in the affairs of
Alma Mater. His love for her is deep and sincere; his loyalty to the old Col-
lege in the days of her poverty and obscurity, as in her new day of progress and
prosperity, has never known the .':l!adow of turning. In recognition of his worth
as a man, his abiliiy as a lawyer and author, his culture as a scholar, ho be.^^s
the respect and the admiration of the students and alumni of the old College of
William and .Mar\ , and the Editorial Staff of the 1921 Colonial Echo but give
tangible shape to this sentiment when they dedicate it to Robert Morton Hughes.



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Statue of Lord Botetourt in Front of Main Building.



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sjgysR^ w i?n '.C15 Hn m y 1 m 'Ai i-v! 5t; ^|)c Colonial Ccf)0 1921



FOREWORD



To All Men of the Old

And All Men and Women of the Present and Future

^\'ILLL\M and Mary

Upon Whose Faces Still Shines the Light

of High Hope and Undimmed Trust

in the Ancient Shrine of Learning

This Volume of

THE COLONIAL ECHO

IS Sent Forth

That it May, Despite its Many Shortcomings,

Bring Back to Them,

Wherever They May be Set in the Far-Flung Battle-Line of Life,

Hallowed Memories of Alma Mater,

"Her Sights and Sounds,

Dreams Happy as Her Day,

and Laughter Learned of Friends

AND Gentleness in Hearts at Peace."




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CONTENTS



1



Book I History

Book II Administration

Book III Classes

Book IV Literary Activities

Book V Secret Organizations and Clues

Book V'l Athletics

Book V'll The Spice of Life



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I CALENDAR

FOR SESSION 1920-1921
The session is divided into two terms

First term begins Thursday, September 16, 1920

Joint "Y" reception Tuesday, September 21

229th session of the "Supreme Court" convenes September 23

Visitation of the Sulgrave Institute, October 5

The Opening Dances, October 15 and 16

Armistice Day Celebration, November 11

Concert (Miss Bettie Booker, Mrs. Charles Hancock),
November 17

German Club Leap Year Dance, November 18

Thanksgiving Day observed, Thursday, November 25

Annual Banquet of Phi Beta Kappa Society, December 4

Thanksgiving Dances, December 9 and 10

Christmas Holidays begin Thursday, December 23

Classes resumed Monday, January 3, 1921

Intermediate examinations close January 29

Registration for Second Term, January 30

Second Term begins January 31

Midwinter Dances, February lo and 11

Concert (Miss Reinhardt— Mr. Whittemore), February 16

Intercollegiate Debate, Lynchburg College-W. and M.,
February 21

Girls' Masquerade Ball, Februaiy 26

German Club Dance, March 11

Easter Vacation begins Friday, March 25

Easter Vacation ends Tuesday, 9 o'clock a. m., March 29

Easter Dances, April 7 and 8



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New York University vs. William and Mary, baseball, March 26
University of Pennsylvania vs. William and Mary, April 15
Lehigh University vs. William and Mary, at Bethlehem, April 16
'i State Oratorical Contest at William and Mary, Friday, May 6

University of Richmond vs. W. and M., baseball, May 12

^; Final Examinations end June 4

E Baccalaureate Sermon, Sunday, June 5

g Celebration of the Literary Societies, Monday, June 6

B Alumni Day, Tuesday, June 7

g| Closing Exercises of the Session, Wednesday, June 8

E Final Ball on the night of June 8

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Alma Mater



Hark ! the students' voices swelling,

Strong and true and clear,
Alma Mater's love they're telling.

Ringing far and near.

Chorus
William and Mary loved of old,

Hark, upon the gale,
Hear the thunder of our chorus,

Alma Mater — hail.

All thy sons are faithful to thee

Through their college days.
Singing loud from hearts that love thee

Alma Mater's praise.

Iron shod or golden sandaled

Shall the years go by, —
Still our hearts shall weave about thee

Love that cannot die.

God, our Father, hear our voices,

Listen to our cry,
Bless the college of our boyhood,

Let her never die.

/. 5". JVilson, '02.



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Acknowledgment



EARTFELT gratitude and thanks are due, and are herewith extended,



^ ^^^ \ to J. Gordon Bohannon, Esq., of the Petersburg Bar, for his kindness

fi HH in contributing information for the writing of the character sketch of

i SlS \ the Hon. Robert M. Hughes, to whom it has been our great privilege

I r' i t i ^ CI tQ dedicate this volume.



Likewise the thanks of the staff are tendered to the many friends and alumni
of \\'illiam and Mary who have willingly given their advice in matters relative
to this edition, and who have expressed their interest in the success of our efforts.

To others who have assisted in the preparation of the material, in kodak
work and copying, and who have contributed their time and criticism, we extend
the expression of our sincere appreciation.

Finallv, to the \"irginia Engraving Company, Cheyne's Studio, the Jahn and
Oilier Engraving Company and to the \Mlliam Byrd Press, Incorporated, for the
hearty co-operation and courteous attention shown us throughout the production
of this volume of the Colonial Echo, the Editorial Staff wishes to express its
gratitude and final acknowledgment of indebtedness.



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ELSIE SAMUEL

Sponsor Colonial Echo

1921



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BOOK I

History



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^ain 15uiIDins of
tbe College

The facade of the main
l)uikhng of the Old College is
perhaps the best known aca-
demic corridor in America.
Originally designed by Sir
Christopher Wren to be the
center of the projected rec-
tangle fronting east down the
ancient "Middle Plantation
Road," and completed in 1697,
the walls of the old front have
sustained three fires, and suns
and storms of more than two
centuries. No William and
Mary student but must feel a
challenge to the best that is in
him as he passes day by day
through these portals where
have passed as students the
men destined to lead the col-
onies, the State, and the Na-
tion to larger issues in peace
and war.




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"2DID 16raffc«on"

Built in 1723, as directed in
the will of the Honorable
Robert Boyle, eminent in the
history of early English sci-
ence, out of the proceeds of
the sale of his Brafiferton
estate in the North Riding
of Yorkshire, the Brafferton
started its career as a dormi-
tory and school for chosen
Indian youth of promise, who
were "to be kept in meat,
drink, washing, clothes, medi-
cine, books and education from
the first beginning of letters
till they should be ready to be
sent abroad to convert the
Indians."

With the stoppage of the
supply of indigenous material,
the Brafiferton became the
abode of "pale-faces;" but for
more than a century, if one
may judge by blood-curdling
yells which periodically ema-
nate from its historic walls,
the spirit of the youthful
braves has still hovered over
them ; and figures clad in war
paint and tomahawk may un-
der cover of darkness still be
seen to steal forth from this,
the original wigwam, taking
the warpath in true Indian file.

With the ruthless march of
progress, room after room of
the old Indian school is fall-
ing to use as prosaic offices;
but old Braffertonians of by-
gone years will ever smile, and
feel their hearts grow youth-
ful again, as memories of
"High Jinks" in the old build-
ing come back to them.






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Zbt Colonial OBcbo, 1921



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CDe prcsiDcnrs
Ipouse

In 1732, one month after the
dedication of the Old Chapel,
the foundation of the Presi-
dent's House was laid in the
presence of a large concourse
of towns-people, students, and
gentry from the country. As
the President wrote his Chan-
cellor, the bishop of London:
"The Faculty laid the first five
bricks in order opposite the
Brafferton. * * » These
two buildings will appear at
a small distance from the East
Front of the College, before
which is a garden planted with
Evergreens kept in very good
order." In the months pre-
ceding the Yorktown cam-
paign, the President's House
was occupied by Lord Corn-
wallis but no damage was done
by the British troops to either
of the three buildings. In Oc-
tober, after the surrender at
Yorktown, French officers then
occupying the house, it was
badly damaged by fire, but re-
stored by the ill-fated Louis
XVI out of his own purse.




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Ct)E Colonial dccbo, 1921 JMM^M^jimmi^&dtM^j^M^



'!3riiton I^atisft
Cfturcf)

The site of Bruton is near
that of "Old Middletown
Church," which it superseded,
and which dated from 1658 ;
and its name was taken in
compliment to the Governor
Berkeley's native place in
Somersetshire. The original
building of Bruton was con-
tracted "to be erected for £150
and sixty pounds of good sound
merchantable sweet-scented to-
bacco, to be leveyed of each
tythable in the parish for three
years together." With the es-
tablishment of the College, and
the removal of the seat of
government from Jamestown,
Bruton became the Court
Church of the Colony, the
Cathedral Church of the Old
Dominion.

The present building was
completed in 1714. With the
Revolution, it fell on evil days.
In the half century following,
the interior was completely
changed, all vestiges of hated
royalty being stripped away.
In 1906. the original arrange-
ment and equipment of the in-
terior was restored, all being
in accordance with the origi-
nal designed w'hen Alexander
Spotswood was royal governor.

Between the College and
Bruton, relations have ever
been close. The students, re-
gardless of church affiliations,
have ever had an abiding af-
fection and feeling of proprie-
torship in Bruton, second only
to that they fee! for the Col-
lege itself.






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©ttc of m mn

Capitol

First Capitol Building erect-
ed in 1702; burned in 1746.
Second Building erected in
1751, burned in 1832. The
Monument, erected in 1897,
bears this inscription :

THE OLD CAPITOL

"Here Patrick Henry kin-
dled the flames of revolution
by his resolutions and speech
astainst the Stamp Act, May
29-30, 1765.

Here. March 12, 1773, Dab-
ney Carr offered, and the
House of Burgesses of Vir-
ginia unanimously adopted, the
resolutions to appoint a com-
mittee to correspond with sim-
ilar committees in the other
colonies — the first step taken
toward the union of the States.

Here, May 15, 1776. the Con-
vention of \"irginia, through
resolutions drafted by Edmund
Pendleton, offered by Thomas
Nelson, Jr.. and advocated by
Patrick Henry, unanimously
called on Congress to declare
the colonies free and indepen-
dent States.

Here, June 12, 1776, was
adopted by the Convention the
immortal work of George Ma-
son — the Declaration of Rights
— and on June 29. 1776. the
first written constitution of a
free and independent State
ever framed.




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^W5S'-i^-'-i5A!Wi«gji3iSfiiSga35«rams




"Cfje Poor Debtors
Prison"

"Somewhat back from the
village street" stands the hum-
ble little building which, time
out of mind, has gone by this
pathetic name. It was built in
1744 on what was then Market
Square, and for ''ye commit-
ment of Debtors, Criminals,
and Offenders." Falling into
increasing squalor and dilapi-
dation, it was reclaimed and
restored late in the eighteen
nineties. The whirligig of Time
brought to the Old Prison an
amusing reversal of fortune.
In Williamsburg's "Days of
Forty-Nine." Vi^hen the Penni-
man Plant crowded the old
town, tourists rubbed their eyes
to read over its gloomy portals
the cheerful inscription :

"John Doe and Rich.\rd Doe,

Real Estate and Rentals.

WALK RIGHT IN."



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Just to the north of Bruton,
and facing east upon the Pal-
ace Green, stands "The Wythe
House." erected in 1760; and
falling, in the year before the
Revolution, to the possession
of the illustrious lawyer of
that name, the Colonial Cap-
ital's foremost citizen. Signer
of the Declaration. Chancellor
of the State of Virginia, first
professor of law in the Col-
lege, and repeatedly offered by
President Washington the post
of justice of the Supreme
Court of the United States.
The old house was the scene
of sumptuous hospitality, and
its stout walls echoed the
merry voices of the leaders of
social life in the colony. Cy-
nics have scoffed at the innum-
erable houses claiming to have
been "Washington's Headquar-
ters;" but the old Wythe
House can read its title clear
to that distinction.

If one have sufficient faith,
he may, in the chilly October
nights, in a certain room in
this old mansion, in the big
old four-post "tester," hover-
ing between sleeping and wak-
ing, hear the stately footfall of
the great commander, and see
his serene features pass slowlv
by.




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Ct)e l^otoDer li)orn

Perhaps no other ancient
pile in the Old Capital so fully
represents the vicissitudes of
all things human as does the
old powder magazine. Con-
structed in 1714 — the same
year as Bruton Church — of
brick in Flemish bond, octa-
gonal in shape, with walls
twenty-two inches in thickness,
it deserves national fame al-
most as much as does the far
more widely known powder
magazine of Lexington. Mas-
sachusetts. The next day after
the battle of Lexington, Lord
Dunmore, at the end of his
patience with the rebellious
colonists, removed all muni-
tions of war from it to His
Majesty's armed schooner ly-
ing in York River. This was
for Virginia what the fight at
Concord Bridge was for Mas-
sachusetts.

By turns a market house, a
meeting place for the newly
organized Baptist congregation
— for whose permanent church
building its engirdling wall
supplied the foundations, — a
dancing school, an arsenal for
Confederates and Federals
alike, and, last, a stable, the
old pile served faithfully the
passing generations ; and now,
as an interesting museum of
relics of bygone stirring days,
it richly deserves its dignified
ease and the affection in
which it is held by all who
know it.










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CoUicr of ©ID
JamcstoUin Cburdj

This, the only surviving rehc
of the first public building
erected by men of the English
race in America, was built
soon after 1647. This tower,
being part of the tower of the
fourth Church, was of brick
baked on the Island, forty-six
feet in height, and eighteen
feet square at the base. The
narrow arched portal shows its
original design to have been
for use by sharpshooters with-
in, against the Red-skins. The
Church itself, built toward the
east of the tower, was thrice
destroyed by fire, once by a
torch in the hand of Bacon,
the Rebel. With the removal
of the seat of government to
Williamsburg, the old building,


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