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Annual report (Volume 1927) online

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JUNE 30, 1927




president's report


1. The Year 1926-27 5

2. University Budget 13

3. Public Service in the Sphere of Liberty 17

4. Career of the Scholar 20

5. Blind Leading the Blind 22

6. Problems of Graduate Study 24

7. Fit and Unfit 26

8. Stumbling Science 28

9. Business as a Profession 31

10. University and Junior College 34

11. College Education and Athletics 37

12. Social Life at the University 39

13. Thirty Years of Teachers College 40

14. Gifts 42

15. Property and Endowments 45

16. Deaths of University Officers 46

17. Tabular Statements 47


The Dean of Columbia College 53

The Dean of the Faculty of Medicine 70

The Dean of the Faculty of Applied Science 136

The Dean of the Faculties of Political Science, Philoso-
phy and Pure Science 151



The Director of the School of Architecture 171

The Acting Director of the School of Journalism . . .177

The Dean of Barnard College 183

The Dean of Teachers College 195

The Director of the School of Education 212

The Director of the School of Practical Arts 217

The Dean of the College of Pharmacy 222

The Director of the Summer Session 229

The Director of University Extension 234

The Director of the School of Business 250

The Director of the School of Library Service 268

The Director of University Admissions 283

The University Medical Officer 287

The Director of the Institute of Cancer Research . . . 300

The Librarian 308

The Secretary of Appointments 326

The Registrar 348

Statistics Regarding the Teaching and Administrative

Staff 381





Barnard College 149

Teachers College 159

College of Pharmacy 167

Vanderbilt Clinic and Sloane Hospital for Women . . .171

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To THE Trustees:

There is submitted herewith the Annual Report pre-
scribed by the Statutes on the condition and needs of the Uni-
versity. The many-sided activities of the University are
dealt with in the very careful and elaborate reports of the
various Deans and Directors, and the specific recommenda-
tions contained in those reports as to action that should be
taken and problems that should be solved are earnestly
commended to the attention of the Trustees as a whole and
to that of the appropriate Committees.

Each year the attempt is made to record, however incom-
pletely and imperfectly, the chief activities of the Univer-
sity in all its parts, and those happenings which, _, ,^

The Y^e3.r

by reason of their distinction or general interest, 1026-27

should not be overlooked. It is quite impossible
to make any such survey complete, but the summary which
is given herewith may serve to indicate in some slight fashion
the eager and many-sided interest of the University in pur-
suit of its ideal of scholarship and service.

Among the matters of chief significance are the prolonged
study given by the Trustees as a body to the pressing financial
needs of the University, and to all possible ways and means of
greatly increasing the University's capital resources in the
near future; the substantial completion of the Casa Italiana,
which not only makes unique and beautiful provision for
all that relates to the study and understanding of Italy and
its part in civilization, but serves as a model and incentive
to those individuals and groups which are interested in in-
creasing the University's international contacts and in mul-


tiplying its international influence; the formal visit to the
University on October 22, 1926, of Her Majesty, the Queen
of Rumania, the first of the lineal descendants of that mon-
arch by whose authority the original charter of King's Col-
lege was granted, to be welcomed by the University which
has grown up on that foundation; as well as the visit of the
Lord Bishop of London, who received on that same day, in
camera, the degree of Doctor of Sacred Theology, honoris

The conference on May 17, 1927, attended by important
representatives of every variety of agricultural interest, to
consider and formulate a plan for a Research Institute of
Agriculture, to be erected at Columbia, where the coopera-
tion of large groups of research workers in various fields of
economics, chemistry, business and political science would
be available for consultation and cooperation; the appoint-
ment by the President of Alumni Advisory Committees on
the Organization and Work of the Schools of Mines, Engineer-
ing and Chemistry and on Athletic Policy, thereby empha-
sizing the close and effective relationship which is building
between the administration of the University and the alumni
who are its natural and kindly overseers and critics; the ap-
pointment by the President on November 8, 1926, following a
conference on the subject at President's House, of a Uni-
versity committee to consider the needs and plans of the
School of Dental and Oral Surgery in connection with the
projected removal of that School to the new Medical Center;
the splendid bequest of Mrs. John Innes Kane, whose family
has been identified with Columbia for generations, which
makes possible an immediate and important extension of
the University's work in the field of religion and religious
teaching ;

The impressive statement made by members of the Faculty
of Political Science under date of December 20, 1926, offering
to public opinion the guidance and counsel of a large and
representative company of scholars and men of affairs, in
all that relates to the interallied war debts, a statement which
attracted attention and affected opinion throughout the world;


the action taken by the Faculty of Law on December lo, 1926,
providing for the admission of properly qualified students and
graduates of Barnard College to the School of Law as regular
candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Laws; the action
taken by the Faculty of Pure Science on January 28, 1927,
establishing a Research Committee to be charged with con-
sideration of the needs and opportunities for research in the
fields represented by that Faculty, and constituting that
Committee a Supervisory Committee for such researches as
might be undertaken upon its recommendation ;

The establishment of the admirable custom of tendering
a welcome dinner, at the Faculty House, early in the Winter
Session, to newly appointed members of the teaching and
administrative staff, in order that these men and women may
have quick opportunity to meet, under happiest auspices, a
large number of their new colleagues; the carrying forward
to the point of a definite design of the long standing plan
for an impressive Watergate and formal approach to the city,
to be erected at ii6th Street and the Hudson River; the sub-
stantial progress made in the field of scholarship by the
Romanic Review, which is a fortunate and continuing memo-
rial to the long years of scholarly service given by the late
Professor Henry A. Todd :

The exceptional success which attended the first year's
work of the newly organized School of Library Service, and
the very high quality of the graduate students enrolled for
that branch of the University's work; the formal inaugura-
tion on September 22, 1926 of the School of Tropical Medi-
cine of the University of Porto Rico, established and main-
tained with the cooperation of Columbia University, and
the visit at that time to Porto Rico of Mr. Stephen G. Wil-
liams, a trustee of the University, together with Dean Wood-
bridge and Dean Darrach, to carry greetings and to express
Columbia's desire fully to cooperate in this new and hopeful
scientific development; the establishment at the Summer
Session of 1926 of an exceptionally important series of courses
on international relations, made possible by the cooperation
of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; the


generous and notable commemorations of the completion
on October 7, 1926 of twenty-five years of service by the Presi-
dent of the University, made by the Trustees on March 3,
1927 and by the Faculties on April 19, 1927;

The retirement, after nearly thirty years of most distin-
guished leadership and service, of Dr. James E. Russell as
Dean of Teachers College, and the designation of his son,
Dr. William F. Russell to succeed him in that highly im-
portant post; the retirement, at the close of the academic year,
of Cassius Jackson Keyser, Adrain Professor of Mathematics,
of Frank M. McMurry, Professor of Education in Teachers
College, and of Grace A. Hubbard, Associate Professor of
English in Barnard College, all of whom have been faith-
ful and devoted servants of the University;

The impressive dinner given on July 7, 1926, at the Hotel
Astor, in honor of Professor Frank M. McMurry, on the
occasion of his retirement from active academic service;
the appointment of Dr. Alfred Owre of the University of
Minnesota, to be Dean of the Faculty of Dental and Oral
Surgery in succession to Dr. Frank T. Van Woert, who re-
tired from active service at his own request ; the addition to
the University's company of scholars of Professor Samuel R.
Detwiler of Harvard University and Professor Philip E.
Smith of Stanford University, in Anatomy; of Professor
George S. Counts of the University of Chicago and of Dr. Jesse
H. Newlon, Superintendent of Schools at Denver, Colorado,
in Education; of Professor Robert M. Maclver of the Univer-
sity of Toronto in Social Science; of Jerome Michael, a
graduate in Law with the Class of 19 12, in Law; of Dr. George
Hughes Kirby in Psychiatry ; of Professor Kenneth J. Saunders
of the Pacific School of Religion, as Visiting Professor of Com-
parative Religion; of Jules Drach of the University of Paris
as Visiting French Professor in Mathematics; of Professors
Bernard Fay of Paris, Michael L Rostovtzeff of Yale Uni-
versity, and Sidney B. Fay of Smith College as visiting pro-
fessors of History; of Navarro Tomds of Madrid in Phonetics,
Maria de Maeztu of Madrid in Spanish, and George Rowley
of Princeton University in Chinese art;


The appointment of Professor Robert H. Fife to be As-
sociate Dean of the Graduate Faculties, the enrollment under
which has become too large for the care of a single admini-
strative officer; the designation of Professor Paul Monroe
to be Barnard Professor in succession to Dean James E.
Russell, retired; the important appointment of Professor
Lindsay Rogers of the Department of Public Law, in relation
to the general supervision and administrative problems of
the garment industry; the valuable service rendered by Pro-
fessor Douglas W. Johnson, as consulting physiographer on
the Labrador boundary dispute between the Dominion of
Canada and Newfoundland; the international and scholarly
service rendered by Professor James T. Shotwell of the De-
partment of History, as Visiting Carnegie Professor of Inter-
national Relations at Berlin; the distinguished honor done
the University by the invitation extended to Professor Ash-
ley H. Thorndike by the President and Council of the British
Academy, to deliver the annual Shakespeare lecture at the
rooms of the Royal Society in London, under the Presidency
of the Earl of Balfour, on July 6, 1927, the subject of Pro-
fessor Thorndike's lecture being Shakespeare and America;
the service rendered by Professor Frederick P. Gay of the
Department of Bacteriology, as Visiting Professor to Belgium,
under the auspices of the Commission for Relief in Belgium,
delivering lectures at the University of Brussels, the Univer-
sity of Louvain, the University of Li^ge and the University
of Ghent; the selection of Professor William E. Weld of the
Department of Economics to be Kahn Travelling Fellow for
the year 1927-28, and his subsequent designation by the Car-
negie Endowment to be Visiting Carnegie Professor of Inter-
national Relations at the University of Buenos Aires; the
close and intensive study carried on during 1926-27 in Italy
by Professor Herbert W. Schneider of the Department of
Philosophy as to the political theories and policies of that
nation which are now attracting the attention of the civilized
world ;

The notable discourse delivered on December 26, 1926
by Professor Horatio B. Williams of the Department of
Physiology, as the Josiah William Gibbs Lecturer, before


the joint session of the American Mathematical Society
and the American Association for the Advancement of Science
in Philadelphia ; two exceptionally striking addresses by Pro-
fessor Michael I. Pupin of the Department of Physics, the
first as retiring President of the American Association for
the Advancement of Science, delivered at Philadelphia on
December 27, 1926, the subject being Fifty Years Progress in
Electrical Communications and the second entitled Creative
Coordination, delivered at the University of Rochester in
connection with that University's Commencement exer-
cises on June 20, 1927; the most unusual and well earned
honors conferred upon Professor Edwin R. A. Seligman of
the Department of Economics, by the University of Paris
and the University of Heidelberg, and his eminent service
at the University of London, at the Academy of Interna-
tional Law of the Hague and in connection with the School
of International Studies at Geneva; the visit of Professor
Robert Herndon Fife of the Department of Germanic Lan-
guages to deliver a series of lectures on the Olaus Petri Stif telse
at the invitation of the ancient University of Upsala, his lec-
tures dealing with the early development of Martin Luther;
the participation of Professor Samuel McC. Lindsay of the De-
partment of Social Science in the educational survey of Porto
Rico which was completed and published during the month
of May, 1926, and also his useful service as a member of
the American Advisory Committee of the International
Labor Office in Geneva; the work of Professor Frank A. Ross
of the Department of Social Science as director of the survey
for the Near East relief in Europe and Asia; the visit of Pro-
fessor John E. Orchard of the staff of the School of Business
to the Orient for the purpose of studying the increasing in-
dustrialization in Asiatic countries, the results of which study
are to appear shortly in two volumes, one of which will deal
with Japan and the other with India; the most helpful ser-
vice of Dr. Luther H. Gulick of the Department of Public Law
and of Professor Donald H. Davenport of the School of Busi-
ness in the study of tax exemption in the State of New York,
prepared under the authority of the special joint committee

president's annual report 7

of the Legislature on taxes and retrenchment; and the care-
ful study made by Professor O. S. Morgan, of the Department
of Agriculture, of agricultural and economic conditions in
Greece, on the invitation of the American Near East Relief;

The visit of Professor William S. Holdsworth, Vinerian
Professor of English Law in the University of Oxford, as lec-
turer upon the Carpentier Foundation; the lectures upon the
Blumenthal Foundation by Mr. Charles Evans Hughes,
formerly Secretary of State; a series of four lectures on
The Humane Treatment of Animals given on the Bergh
Foundation by Dr. G. Clyde Fisher, of the American Mu-
seum of Natural History; visits to the University and lec-
tures by Dr. T. Z. Koo of Shanghai, by Dr. Hu Shih of the
National University at Peking, by Mr. Francis W. Hirst, of
London, formerly editor of The Economist, by Dr. Johannes
Walther, Professor of Geology and Paleontology in the Uni-
versity of Halle, by Professor Ernst Schmitz, of Berlin, by
Mr. Jakob Wassermann, by Mr. Philip Guedalla, by Pro-
fessor R. S. Conway of the University of Manchester, by
Professor J. L. Brierly of the University of Oxford, by Pro-
fessor Pearce Higgins of the University of Cambridge, by
Dr. Ernst Jaeckh of the Deutsche Hochschule fiir Politik
at Berlin, by M. Edouard Champion of Paris and by M.
Jacques Copeau;

Formal representation of the University by duly accredited
delegates at the International Congress of Accountants held
at Amsterdam on July 6; at the Anglo-American Conference
of Teachers of History, held at the University of London
during the week of July 12 ; at the inauguration of President
Hotchkiss of the Michigan College of Mines on August 13;
at the jubilee of the University of Adelaide, South Australia,
on August 14-19; at the International Congresg of Ameri-
canists, held at Rome in September; at the celebration of
the centennial of Lutheran Theological Seminary, Gettys-
burg, Pa., on September 21-23; at the inauguration of the
President of West Virginia Wesleyan College, Buckhannon,
W. Va., on October i ; at the inauguration of the President
of Macalester College, St. Paul, Minn., on October 15; at the


exercises in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the
founding of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas,
College Station, Texas, on October 15-17; at the inauguration
of the President of the University of Oregon and the celebra-
tion of the semi-centennial of the founding of the University
at Eugene, Ore., on October 18-23; at the formal opening of
the School of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of
Rochester, N. Y., on October 25-26; at the sixty-second con-
vocation of the University of the State of New York, on
October 28-29; at the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary
of the founding of the Royal Geographic Society of Belgium
at Brussels in the month of November; at the inauguration
of the President of Union Theological Seminary, New York,
on November 4; at the annual meeting of the Association of
American Universities, held at Washington, D. C, on Novem-
ber 1 1 ; at the celebration of the centennial of Western Re-
serve University, Cleveland, Ohio, on November 12-13;
at the nineteenth annual Conference on Taxation at Phila-
delphia during the week of November 15; at the international
Conference on Bituminous Coal, at the Carnegie Institute of
Pittsburgh, Pa., on November 15-18; at the centennial cele-
bration of Mississippi College, Clinton, Miss., on November
18-20; at the inauguration of the President of Arizona State
Teachers College, Flagstaff, Ariz., on November 21; at the
annual meeting of the Association of Colleges and Preparatory
Schools of the Middle States and Maryland, held at Buffalo,
N. Y., on November 26-27; at the inauguration of the Presi-
dent of Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn., on December 4-7;
at the celebration of the centennial of Furman University,
Greenville, S. C, on December 7; at the exercises in com-
memoration of the two hundredth anniversary of the founding
of the American Philosophical Society at Philadelphia, on
April 27-30; at the annual meeting of the American Council
on Education, held at Washington, D. C, on May 6-7; at
the annual meeting of the Association of Collegiate Schools
of Architecture, held at Washington, D. C, on May 9-10;
at the dedication of new buildings and campus of Hartford
Seminary Foundation, Hartford, Conn., on May 17-18; at


the inauguration of the President of Wheaton College, on
May 2i; at the inauguration of the President of Bennett
College for Women, Greensboro, N. C, on May 25; at the
Troisi^me Congres International des Sciences Administra-
tives at Paris in June; at the dedication of new buildings and
grounds of the School of Business Administration at Harvard
University, Cambridge, Mass., on June 4; at the inauguration
of the President of Howard University, Washington, D. C,
on June 10; at the centenary of the founding of University
College, London, on June 23; at the celebration of the two
hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Leo-
pold-Franzens University at Innsbruck, on June 24-26; at
the annual meeting of the Society for the Promotion of En-
gineering Education, held at the University of Maine, Orono,
Me., on June 27-30; and at the celebration of the five
hundredth anniversary of the founding of the University of
Louvain, Belgium, on June 28-29;

And the promotion, following the adoption of the Budget,
of twenty-five Associates, Instructors and Lecturers to be As-
sistant Professors, of one Lecturer to be Associate Professor,
of sixteen Assistant Professors to be Associate Professors, of
two Assistant Professors to be Clinical Professors, of one
Clinical Professor to be Professor, of one Assistant Professor
to be Professor, and of twenty Associate Professors to be
Professors, as well as the increase in compensation, in the
University corporation alone, of seventy-three officers of
administration and instruction without change of rank.

In the last Annual Report it was stated that the Budget
for the year ending June 30, 1927 showed an estimated deficit
in general income for that period of $338,911.32.
Fortunately, the operations of the year materially g ^V^

decreased this sum, but still left the deficit at
the very substantial figure of $142,229.76. The task of
making the Budget for the year ending June 30, 1928 proved
one of exceptional difficulty and embarrassment. The
appropriations as contained in the Budget adopted by the
Trustees on April 4, 1927 for the work of this corporation
alone, together with such amendments as were made previous
to June 30 last, were as follows ;


For Educational Administration and Instruction .... $6,605,309.18

For Buildings and Grounds 924,860.00

For the Library 322,332.28

For Business Administration 199,532.00

For Annuities 25,557.50

For taxes and other charges upon the Loubat Property . . 61,647.50

For interest on the corporate debt 312,246.50

For payment on account of Redemption Fund, due June 30,

1928 100,000.00

Amortization of Loan of 1925 95,000.00

Making in all the sum of $8,646,484.96

which sum is made chargeable as follows: "^

To the income of the Corporation $6,227,285.89

To the income from special endowments 1,094,493.05

To gifts 125,933-52

To moneys to be paid by the Carnegie Foundation . . . 103,870.00

To moneys to be paid by the Presbyterian Hospital . . . 37,500.00

To moneys to be paid by Barnard College 359i735-00

To moneys to be paid by Teachers College 629,220.00

To moneys to be paid by Vanderbilt Clinic 3,800.00

To moneys to be paid by C. and P. Construction Corpora-
tion 3,000.00

To Special Real Estate Account — Loubat Property. . . . 61,647.50


It will be observed that the charges against the general
income of the corporation amounted to $6,227,285.89, or
$447,094.03 more than in the Budget for the year preceding as
stated in the President's Annual Report for 1926 (page 23).
The amount of estimated general income with which to meet
these charges was $5,781,279.53, thereby showing an esti-
mated deficit in the cost of the work of the year ending June
30, 1928 of $446,006.36. The fact must again be recorded
that the estimated deficit was kept even at this very large
sum only by declining to make appropriations urgently asked
for and really all but necessary to the effective carrying for-
ward of the University's work. While the operations of the
year 1927-28 may, and doubtless will, result in reducing the



amount of this estimated deficiency, it is too much to hope
that the year will end without a deficit of considerable size.

From July i, 1907, when the corporate debt of $3,000,000
incurred in the purchase and development of the site on
Morningside Heights was refunded in the Loan of 1909, the

Online LibraryColumbia University. Office of the PresidentAnnual report (Volume 1927) → online text (page 1 of 44)