Columbia Veterinary College.

Annual catalogue and announcement of the Columbia Veterinary College and school of comparative medicine, New York, 1881-1882 online

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The fee for the Perpetual Ticket pays for all lecture fees until such
time as the student receives his diploma. By taking out this ticket the
student gets the benefit of a deduction of fifty dollars on the amount
required of those who pay one term only in advance.

AH fees are expected to be paid at the beginning of the regular
lecture term.

Through the generosity of one of our well-known citizens, a fund has
been placed at the disposal of the Dean of the College for the purpose of



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aiding worthy impecunious young men in liquidating a portion of their
College fees. Applications for this aid should be made to the Dean,
who will give all requisite information.

The Clerk will always have a list of the boarding houses in the
vicinity of the College building, and render all needed assistance in
obtaining board.

The student's general expenses may be reduced in accordance with
his means to the standard which prevails in other cities.

Good board can be obtained in the vicinity of the College at prices
varying from $\ to ^6 per week.

It is advisable for those at a distance who desire attending lectures
to make the fact known as early as possible, stating accommodations
desired, etc.

Students are requested on their arrival in the city to call at the
College, settle with the Dean for the amount of their fees, and
register their names with the Clerk of the College.

Letters requiring information should be addressed to the Dean of
Columbia Veterinary College, 217 East Thirty-Fourth Street, New York.



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Hospital Bepamtment.



The Hospital established in connection with the College is designed
for the purpose of accommodating domestic animals when sick or dis-
abled by injury.

The location is exceedingly central and easily accessible by any of
the city railroad lines, no less than nine lines passing within a few
blocks. It is well ventilated and kept in good hygienic condition,
and supplied with spacious box stalls and other conveniences.

A special department is devoted to use as a Canine Hospital.

The House Surgeon is constantly in the building, patients being
admitted at any time, and kept under constant observation.

Outside calls will receive prompt attention from the assistant or
visiting surgeons in charge.

Fkee Clinics.

Medical treatment and advice for sick and lame horses can be
obtained free of charge, on Wednesdays and Saturdays, from two to
three o'clock p. m.

Hospital Rates or Charges.

Hospital Keep per day, for patients suffering with Internal

Diseases, including advice, medicine and fees. . . . $i 50

Surgical operations according to special nature, from ^2.00 upwards.
Board and attendance for Surgical Patients and for Horses of

subscribers . . . Ji 00

Board and attendance for Dogs, per day, 5°

All Hospital Charges to be made before the removal of the patient.

All Surgical Operations or manipulations are to be made at the risk
of the owner.

Besides the above, and in accordance with the usual custom, the
Trustees of the hospital have opened a subscription list for a liijiited
number of subscribers.



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fritten ExaminatioH of GradnatiiiE Class of 1881,

QUESTIONS.
GENERAL COMPARATIVE ANATOMY.

1. Give the meaning of cell, tissue, organ, histology, biology, taxon-
omy, embryology, protoplasm.

2. What are the characteristics of living matter?

3. Point out the principal differences between the alimentary canal
of carnivorous and herbivorous animals.

4. Mention all the openings of the pharynx of the horse.

5. Describe in general terms the heart of mammals.

6. Define fauna, flora, districts of distribution, species, genus, order,
class.

7. State the most striking peculiarities of the stomach of the cow.

8. Enumerate the principal folds of peritoneum in the horse.

9. Mention the general characteristics of birds.

10. Which type of animals en:ibraces the lowest, and which the high-
est forms of life ?

11. Give the classes of the artificial system of Linnaeus, also Cu-
vier's types.

12. Mention the openings of the cloaca of birds.

13. Describe the structure of the ovary of mammals.

14. Give the dental formula of the horse, pig, human being.

15. Mention varieties of ganglion cells, nerve-fibres, blood-vessels.

16. Describe the coverings of the spinal cord of the horse.

17. What different kind of glands are found in vertebrates?

18. Describe the stomach of the horse.

19. Give the structure of the small intestine of the sheep.

20. State what you know about the respiratory apparatus of the
swan.

EQUINE ANATOMY.

1. Give the classification of bones and peculiarities of each.

2. Describe the scapula, humerus and femur.

3. Describe a dorsal and cervical vertebra.

4. Describe the os pedis.

5. Give ligaments of the humero-radial and carpal, and the first
phalangeal articulation.

6. Name ligaments of coxo-femoral, femoro-tibial and tarsal arti-
culations.

7. Describe the ligamentum nuchae.



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8. Give the origin and insertion of the muscles having an attachment
on the scapula.

9. Give the origin and insertion of the extensors and flexor of the
antebrachial region.

10. Name the muscles that have an attachment on the femur.

1 1 . Name the muscles having an origin on the tibia.

12. Give the collateral and terminal branches of the common aorta,

13. Give the collateral and terminal branches of the posterior aorta
and where distributed.

14. Give the anatomy of the alimentary canal.

15. What are the layers of the peritoneum and the folds of the same ?

16. Give the circulation of kidney.

17. Give the circulation of liver.

18. Give the divisions of the brain and the tunics of the brain and
spinal cord.

19. What do the cranial nerves supply and their functions?

20. Describe the cartilages of the larynx.

PHYSIOLOGY.

1. Name the most important proximate principles of the body, and
assign them to their classes.

2. What is the blood composed of, and what are its uses ?

3. Describe the course of the blood through the circulatory system,
and give the causes of its flow.

4. What is the effect upon the heart of cutting the pneumo-gastric
nerve ?

5. What is the vaso-motor system of nerves?

6. What changes take place in the air in respiration ?

7. Name the different digestive fluids which the food meets in passing
through the alimentary canal.

8. Give the special function of each of these digestive juices.

9. What are the functions of the liver?

10. Name the secretions that are found in the body.

11. What is the difference between a secreti,on and an excretion ?

12. What are the chief organs of excretion ?

13. Give the principal ingredients of the urine.

14. How does the food that has been digested in the stomach and
intestines, get into the blood ?

15. What substances make up the different kinds of food ?

16. What is the nutritive ratio ?

17. What is the proper diet for a work horse ?

18. What is the nutritive ratio in that diet ?

19. What are the functions of the spinal cord ?

20. What is a motor, and what a sensory nerve ?

CHEMISTRY.
I What is oxygen ? Wheredoes it occur and what are its functions in
nature ?



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2. How is hydrogen prepared ? And what are its properties ? Men-
tion important compound with oxygen.

3. Give the composition of water by weight and voUime.

4. Name the common impurities found in drinking waters, and give
their origin and influence on the health of animals using it.

5. Mention different kinds of waters found in nature.

6. What is a mineral water ?

7. What is a saline?

8. What waters are most liable to contamination ?

9. How may water be purified ?

10. What renders water unfit for washing?

11. What is nitrogen? Where found, and what are its properties?

12. Tell difference between a mixture and chemical compound.

13. What is the composition of the atmosphere in full?

14. Explain effect of moisture on health.

15. Mention important compounds of nitrogen with hydrogen.

16. What is CO2 ? How does it occur, and what important part
does it play in nature ?

17. Name the important mineral acids and their properties.

18. How can you prepare chlorine, and what are its properties ?

19. Give formula for laughing gas, and how prepared.

20. Write formula for following compounds : Nitric acid, sulphuric
acid, hydrochloric acid, carbonic acid, ammonia, salt, lime.

SHOEING.

1. Give a description of the different parts of which a horse's foot is
composed.

2. What are the primary causes in producing the different forms of
hoofs ?

3. What relation does the form of the hoof bear to the diseases to
which the foot is subject ?

4. Is contraction of the hoof a cause or a result of disease ?

5. Name some of the frequent causes of contraction.

6. How should the horse's feet be tested for soundness ?

7. What do we include under the term shoeing ?

8. What relation does good shoeing bear to the health of the horse?

9. What relation does shoeing bear to diseases of bones, joints, liga-
ments, tendons, and muscles ?

10. How may shoeing be an exciting cause of ringbone, spavin,
laminitis, corns, quarter-cracks, quittors, etc. ?

11. What relation does shoeing bear to the gait and speed of the
horse ?

12. How can shoes be applied to prevent structural changes from
laminitis ?

13. How shall the horse's feet be treated during sickness or idleness ?

14. What popular methods are to be condemned in prevention of
interfering and overreaching ?

15. How may contraction of the hoof be prevented and cured ?



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1 6. How should the spavined horse be shod?

17. How should the wide, flat foot be shod?

18. How should the foot with navicular disease be shod ?

19. How should the foot afflicted with corns be shod ?

20. What constitutes good shoeing?

MATERIA MEDICA AND THERAPEUTICS.

1. Define and illustrate general remedies and local remedies.

2. What is the best purgative for a horse, for a cow, for a sheep, for
a dog? Which the best form for the exhibition and dose of each?

3. Mention names of four cardiac sedatives. Give the officinal prepa-
rations of each, and the dose of each for a horse.

4. Write names of four cardiac stimulants. Give the officinal prepa-
rations of each, and dose.

5. What are the therapeutic properties of belladonna and the prepa-
rations ?

6. What are the peculiar properties of digitalis?

7. Which are the acid tonics, and what is the most marked therapeuti-
cal action of each ?

8. Which of the iron tonics has least astringency ?

9. What are the substances which enter into the composition of tinc-
ture of iron ?

10. What is meant by the term "active principle" as applied to
drugs ?

11. What are the active principles of opium?

12. In how many ways can medicine be exhibited or administered?

13. Write the names of- three hydregogue cathartics and three hydro -
gogue diuretics.

14. What are the officinal preparations, doses, and therapeutical prop-
erties of antimony?

15. What remedies are indicated for the cure of tetanus?

1 6. What effect has combination on drastic cathartics ?

17. What are the officinal preparations of ammonia, and how should
they be exhibited ?

18. What is an alterative medicine ?

19. What are the therapeutic properties of nitrate of potash ?

20. What is the composition of the compound spirits of ether ?

COMPARATIVE PATHOLOGY.

1. Mention the morbid appearances that are most noteworthy in
nasal glanders.

2. What organs are chiefly involved in hog cholera (swine plague) ;
describe the nature of the changes.

3. Give the cause of the " rot " in sheep, and explain how the symp-
toms are produced.

4. The trichina spiralis ; which of the lower animals does it infest ?
c! How can trichinosis be diagnosticated in the human subject?

6. How may the presence of albumen in the urine be determined ?

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7- Describe the excretory apparatus in a horse's kidney.

8. What is the naked eye appearance of the lung in the contagious

pleuro-pneumonia of cattle ?
9- What is an haversian system ?

10. What are the morbid changes in farcy or external glanders ?

11. What are the lesions of foot and mouth disease in cattle?

12. Mention the supposed cause of anthrax, and some of the names
under which the disease is sometimes known.

13. What is the difference in structure between the striped and the
unstriped muscular fibre ?

14. What is embolism ?

15. What are the characteristic differences between the red and the
white corpuscles in mammalian blood ?

16. The difference in type between carcinoma and sarcoma.

17. What is fatty degeneration ; calcification?

18. Give the minute anatomy of an hepatic lobule or acinus.

19. How are aneurisms produced ?

20. Give the structure of a medullated nerve.

SURGERY.

1. Give the difference between anaemia and phethora.

2. When does determination or active congestion play an import-
ant part in surgery?

3. Give a complete definition for inflammation, the pathological
changes, the modes of termination, the products, symptoms and
treatment for the same.

4. How are inflammatory effusions divided, and which are of surgical
importance ?

5. What is suppuration ?

6. What is an abscess, with the symptoms and the treatment of the
same ?

7. Give a definition for ulceration, and the points to be observed in
diagnosticating an ulcer.

8. What is a sinus, with the best methods for treating the same ?

9. What is the difference between laudible and ichorous pus ?

10. What is a quittor, and how best treated ?

11. Give the leading points of difference between a healthy and an
indolent ulcer?

12. What is a wound, and the methods by which it is permanently
closed ?

13. Give the various principles that are to be carried out in treating
wounds.

14. How would you tell an arterial from a venous hemorrhage, and
under what circumstances might an arterial be taken for a venous ?

15. What are the surgical means for closing wounds ?

t6. What are the various methods for arresting arterial hemorrhage?
17 What bone in the horse is the most frequently dislocated, and
how would you treat the case ?



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i8. What is a fracture?

19. What are the signs, symptoms, and best methods for treating
fractures ? *

20. Give the causes, pathology, symptoms, modes of termination,
prognosis, and treatment of acute synovitis, and state which joints
m the horse are most frequently affected.

EQUINE PRACTICE.

1. Mention seven diseases which may produce a discharge from the
nostrils.

2. Number of pulsations and respirations per minute in health— nor-
mal temperature of body.

3. Mention six separate and distinct causes of anaemia.

4. Symptoms of febra pyogenica.

5. What are the most frequent complications of febra pyogenica?

6. What are the diagnostic symptoms of the second or exudative stage
of pneumonia?

7. What are the diagnostic symptoms of the first stage of pleurisy?

8. Mention four of the most frequent diseases of the digestive organs.
9-. Give causes of azoturia.

ID. Differential diagnosis between retention of urine and suppression

of urine.
ri. Mention three diseases of the feet in which the heels are brought

to the ground first while in motion.
12. Mention ten diseases of the limbs or feet in which the toe is

brought to the ground first while in motion,
rj. What is a keratoma ?

14. What are the symptoms of rupture of the suspensory ligament.

15. What are symptoms of rupture of the gastrocnemii muscles?

1 6. Mention five curable simple fractures.

17. What is a spavin ?

18. Why does spavin lameness generally precede the development of
the bony deposit?

19. Give symptoms of tetanus.

20. What are the causes of retention of urine?

CATTLE AND SHEEP PRACTICE.

1. Define the terms disease and health.

2. Explain term contagious disease, and write names of four conta-
gious diseases.

3. What is the domain of veterinary sanitary science ?

4. Define sporadic, enzootic and epizootic diseases, and give an
illustration of each.

5. What is meant by the period of incubation in diseases ?

6. Define rumenotomy, and describe the operation for it.

7. Give the differentiation of sporadic pleuro-pneumonia and pleu-
ro-pneumonia contagiosa.

8. Classify hog cholera, give symptoms and treatrne^nt,

9. Define epizootic aptha, and give symptoms,

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The Claims of Comparative Medicine.



Extract from Editorial in MedJcal Record, October g, iSSo.



To young men, ambitious of earning their living in scientific pursuits, the facts
given elsewhere concerning the condition of comparative medicine should be read with
attention. We are told by Prof. Bates that here is one branch of science which offers
a rich field for study, and, furthermore, that it is sure to bring substantial pecuniary
rewards in a short time. There is, he says, a deplorable lack of knowledge and skill in
most of those who now practice among animals, and the opportunities for helping the
remova,l of such deficiencies are very great. There are now not enough veterinary sur-
geons to furnish the cities of this country with one apiece. There is a constant demand
upon the veterinary colleges of this city for s\tilful practitioners, and those who have
been sent out thus far have at once stepped into very lucrative practices.

It seems to be the aim, and it is a laudable one, of the teachers of this branch of
medicine, to make the education of their pupils broad and comprehensive. It is desired
to have flie graduate not only a horse-doctor or a cow-doctor, but a man qualified to
give medical advice upon the diseases of all domestic animals; to make him, in fact, a
doctor of comparative medicine. Such an ambition is to be commended, not only be-
cause it will enlarge the scientific knowledge and elevate the status of the veterinary
practitioner, but because it answers a practical need. Of the two billions of dollars
which the domestic animals of this country represent, only three-fourths is in horses.
The amount of money annually lost by a single disease affecting hogs, is estimated at
;j20,ooo,ooo. Pleuro-pneumonia also causes great losses among cattle, and it is asserted
that if the disease should get among the herds of the West, the price of beef In the East
would go up to five or even twenty times its present amount.

Obviously it is worth while, therefore, both to the State and to large stock owners,
that there should be men acquainted with these diseases and competent to advise
regarding them.

» > <

Extract from Address Delivered by Prof. E. S. BATES at the Opening of ike
Columbia Veterinary College, New York City.



In the whole United States there are not enough educated veterinarians to supply
even one to each large city, to say nothing of the country districts. From every part of
the country he, as dean of the college, had received letters asking for good veterinary
surgeons, and saying that there were none within 50 miles, none within 100 miles, or
none within the State. The graduates of the Columbia Veterinary College had, without
exception, secured at once lucrative practices, with incomes amounting, even in the first
year or two, to ;j2,ooo and over. The same was doubtless true of other college
graduates. The total value of the stock of the country is estimated at jS2,ooo,ooo,ooo.
Yet the diseases which so often depreciate the value of this stock are, for the most part,
in the hands of uneducated men.



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THE JOURNAL

[Formerly "ARCHIVES"]
OF

Compratiye Medicine M Siirger

— ■ — ^ • ^ ■

A Quarterly Journal, deVoted to the diseases of Animals.



The Journal of Comparative Medicine and Surgery enters upon
second year with a greatly enlarged subscription list, and with the prosp
of a success much beyond its anticipations. No especial change will
made in its scope, or in the character of its contents. It will devote it
to everything that relates to the diseases of the domesticated and other £
mals.

Original articles will appear from the best authorities in the coun
The various interests of those who own domesticated animals will be
cussed. There will be a record of all the advances of importance in ve
inary science and comparative inedicine.

It is intended that the Journal sliall be of such a character that it will
instructive to the physician on account of the light which comparative mf
cine throws upon human diseases, It will contain much that would inte
naturalists. It will appeal especially to owners and breeders of stock ;
to veterinary surgeons.

Each number will consist, as heretofore, of about seventy pages, and
be printed on fine paper, in large and small type; and illustrated.

The Journal is to be issued at present as a quarterly, but should the
culation continue to increase at the rate it is now doing, it will be iss
more frequently.

The Journal occupies an entirely new field in this country, and sho
receive the support of all interested in the care and treatment of our don
tic animals, in natural science, or the progress of scientific medicine.

Advertisers will find the Journal an excellent medium for reach
yeterinarians and stock-breeders, as well as naturalists and human physicis

Terras, ^2.00 per annum; single copies, 50 cents. Specimen copies ^
Tje sent on application.

Those wishing to subscribe will send the money in the form of check, d
or money order, addressed to

Editor of Journal of Comparative Medicine,

Care of W. L. Hyde & Co., Publishers,

22 Union Square, New York City, If.

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Online LibraryColumbia Veterinary CollegeAnnual catalogue and announcement of the Columbia Veterinary College and school of comparative medicine, New York, 1881-1882 → online text (page 2 of 2)