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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS



REPORT OF THE

LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS



FOR THE FISCAL YEAR
ENDING JUNE 30

1932






UNITED STATES

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1932



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress iv

List of officers v

Report of the Librarian 1

Report of the superintendent of building and disbursing officer 293

Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) 303

lb. Appropriation act, 1932-33 305

IL The Act of Congress creating the Library of Congress

Trust Fund Board 310

III. Legislation affecting the Library 313

IV. Archive of American Folk-song 321

V. George Curtis Treadwell v. Herbert Putnam. Findings

of fact 325



ILLUSTRATIONS

The Library of Congress. Exterior view Frontispiece

East Front showing proposed addition Following page VI

Plat of Library grounds with squares 760 and 761 Following page VI

Plan of the cellar Following page VI

Plan of the basement Following page VI

Plan of the first or main floor Following page VI

Plan of the second floor Following page VI

Plan of the attic Following page VI

Plan of top decks Following page VI

Plan of decks next below top decks Following page VI

Documents:

Title-page of Franklin's Votes and proceedings, 1754 Facing page 93

III



FORM OF GIFT OR BEQUEST TO THE
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

A. Of material:

To the United States of America, to be placed in the Library of Congress
and administered therein by the authorities thereof.

B. Of endowments:

By an act approved March 3, 1925 (see Appendix II to this report), Con-
gress has created a "Library of Congress Trust Fund Board," which is a
quasi corporation empowered to receive gifts or bequests of personal property
of which the income is to be applicable to the benefit of the Library, its
collections, or its service.

Endowments for this purpose may therefore hereafter be made direct to
this board.

C. Of money for immediate application:

Such gifts may be made directly to the Librarian, who, under section 4 of
the above-mentioned act, has authority to accept them, deposit them with
the Treasurer of the United States, and apply them to the purposes specified.

Note. — All gifts or bequests to or for the benefit of the Library . . . and
the income therefrom, are to be exempt from all Federal taxes.

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS TRUST FUND BOARD

Ex officio :

Ogden L. Mills, Secretary of the Treasury, Chairman.

Senator Simeon D. Fess, Chairman of Joint Committee on the Library.

Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress, Secretary.

Appointive :

John Barton Payne, Esq., Washington, D. C. (Term expires March,

1933.)
Mrs. Eugene Meyer, Washington, D. C. (Term expires March, 1935.)

IV



LIST OF OFFICERS

1932-33

LIBRARIANS SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE LIBRARY

1802-1807 — John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives and Librarian.
1807-1815 — Patrick Magruder, Clerk of the House of Representatives and

Librarian.
1815-1829— George Watterston.
1829-1861 — John Silva Meehan.
1861-1864 — John G. Stephenson.
1864-1897 (June SO)— Ainsworth Rand Spoflford.
1897 {July 1)-January 17, 1899 — John Russell Young.
1899 (April 5) — Herbert Putnam.

LIBRARY STAFF

GENERAL ADMINISTRATION

Herbert Putnam — ^Librarian of Congress.
Frederick William Ashley — Chief Assistant Librarian.
Allen Richards Boyd — Executive Assistant.
Jessica Louise Farnuni — -Secretary.

divisions

Reading Rooms — Martin Arnold Roberts, superintendent. David Chambers
Mearns, chief assistant. Representatives' reading room — Hugh Alexander
Morrison, George Heron Milne, custodians. Library station at the Capitol —
Harold S. Lincoln, custodian. Service for the blind — Maude G. Nichols,
in charge.

Rare Book Room — V. Yalta Parma, custodian.

Division of Accessions — Linn R. Blanchard, chief.

Division of Aeronautics — Albert Francis Zahin, chief.

Division of Bibliography — Florence S. Hellman, acting chief.

Binding Division — George W. Morgan, in charge.

Card Division — Charles Harris Hastings, chief.

Catalogue Division — James B. Childs, chief.

Catalogue, Classification, and Bibliography — Charles Martel, consultant.

Classification Division — Clarence W. Perley, chief.

Division of Documents — David Judson Haykin, chief.

Division of Fine Arts — Leicester B. Holland, chief; Elizabeth Robins Pennell,
honorary curator, Pennell- Wliistler collections.

Legislative Reference — Herman H. B. Meyer, director.

Mail and Delivery — Samuel M. Croft, chief.

Division of Manuscripts — J. Franklin Jameson, chief.

Division of Maps — Lawrence Martin, chief.

Division of Music — Carl Engel, chief.

Division of Periodicals — Henry S. Parsons, chief.

Division of Orientalia — Arthur W. Hummel, chief.

Division of Semitic Literature — Israel Schapiro, chief.

Division of Slavic Literature — Nicholas R. Rodionoff, chief.

Smithsonian Division — Frederick E. Brasch, chief; William Lee Corbin, custodian
(office at Smithsonian Institution).



VI List of Officers

Laio Library— John T. Vance, jr., law librarian.
European Representative — Worthington C. Ford.

CONSULTANTS AND SPECIAL PROJECTS

Consultant in Bibliography and Research — Ernest Gushing Richardson.

Consultant in Cataloguing — James Christian Meinich Hanson.

Consultant in Church History — William H. Allison.

Consultant in Economics — Victor Selden Clark.

Consultant in European History — Henry Eldridge Bourne.

Consultant in Hispanic Literature — David Rubio.

Consultant in Philosophy — ^WiUiam Alexander Hammond.

Consultant in Sociology — Joseph Mayer.

Project C — Seymour de Ricci, compiler and editor; William J. Wilson, executive

secretary.
Union Catalogue — Ernest Kletsch, curator.
Honorary Consultant in Military History — Brig. Gen. John McAuley Palmer

(U. S. A., retired).
Honorary Consultant in Chinese History and Culture — Kiang Kang-hu.
Honorary Consultant in Classical Literature — Harold North Fowler.
Honorary Consultant m Paleography — Elias Avery Lowe (Oxford) .
Honorary Consultant in Roman Law — Francesco Lardone.
Honorary Consultant in Science — Harry Walter Tyler.

COPYRIGHT OFFICE

William Lincoln Brown — Acting Register of Copyrights.

LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS

William C. Bond — Superintendent.
Charles E. Ray — Chief Engineer.
Damon Warren Harding — Electrician.
G. N. Courtade — Captain of the guard.

DISBURSING OFFICE LIBRARY AND BOTANIC GARDEN

Wade H. Rabbitt — Disbursing oflBcer.

LIBRARY BRANCH, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

Printing — John Henry Williams, foreman.
Binding — George R. Erler, foreman.




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REPORT OF
THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS

Library of Congress,
Washington, D. C, December 5, 1932.

Sir: I have the honor to submit heremth my report as Librarian
of Congress for the year ending June 30, 1932. That portion of it
which deals with the care of the physical establishment (excepting
such matters as now come within the jurisdiction of the Architect of
the Capitol) appears in the statement of the superintendent of the
building, William C. Bond, and of the disbursing officer. Wade H.
Kabbitt, beginning at page 293, the latter submitting the usual analysis
of expenditures, including also receipts and expenditures from trust
funds. The report of the Acting Kegister of Copyrights is pubUshed
separately.

The "economy" measures enacted at the last session of Congress
did not take effect upon the routine of the Government establish-
ments until July 1, 1932. They did not therefore contract or impair
the operations detailed in this report for the period concluding on
June 30.

The effect of them upon the activities of the present fiscal year
— save as the suspension of promotions, and of the annual leave, and
the reduction in pay incident to the furlough have inevitably dimin-
ished the enthusiasm of the employees — will be chiefly in the limi-
tation of the expenditures for the increase of the collections (the
general appropriation for the purpose being cut from $130,000 to
$100,000, and for law books from $50,000 to $25,000). Any dimin-
ished enthusiasm has not, however, been evident in the morale of the
staff; fortunately not, since the demands upon it have been greater
during the "depression," and from Congress, during the past two
years, than ever before.

Among the items that failed in the past session was one of $2,500,000.
to start construction upon the Annex. There was appropriated, how-
ever, the $321,201.94 (supplemental to the
original $600,000) for the acquisition of the land;
and $150,000 (supplemental to the $1,000,000 already available) to
cover the contract for the extension on the east front of the main
building, which will include much apparatus designed ultimately to
serve the Annex also. The contract for this extension was on March
31, 1932, let to the Jacobson Company of Chicago, and the work itself
is now well under way, with a prospect of completion in the spring,

1



2 Report of the Librarian of Congress

The 6-year period for which the grants from John D. Rockefeller,
ir were'ayailable for Project A (acquisition of source material for
' ' American History) and Project B (enlargement

Grants and endowmenu, ^^ ^^^^ bibUograpMc apparatus) camc to an end
August 31 (1932). The extraordinary accomplishments under each
grant are summarized in later pages of this report

They do not, of course, conclude the effort desirable. There still
rpm,in esnecia ly in England (at the Record Office), in Pans (espe-

„Z in tfe Archives), 'and in Spain (particularly, at SeyiUe) huge
masses of important documents of which copies should be procuied,
Td the development of our Union Catalogues must be a continuing

"Trepresentation to Congress that the latter undertaking should
now properly be a task for the Government, was fortunately success-
ful to the extent that $20,000 has been appropriated for it for the
present vear (as against the $24,000 requested), and the operations
rnder the other gitnt wUl not have to be discontinued entire y, or
we shall dedicate to them a fraction of our appropriation for the
general increase of our collections, together with 'he income avadab
from the fund, for such purposes, provided m 1925) by the late
Tmes B. Wilbur and held as an endowment by the Library^ "^^TTs
Trust Fund Board. During the present year, however the efforts
I o d will be concentrated at the Record O^ce in London, he
general archives at Paris, and the Archives of the Indies at Seville,
?he miscellaneous localities in Europe (except Russia) having already

been fairlv covered. ^ „ , . , . ^ ,

The death of Mr. Wilbur (on April 28, 1929) left "? b" '"'^■P'-f;^

and executed an instrument-an indenture of trust with the Bankers

Trust Company of New York-which provided
Wilbur bequMi. j^^ ^^^ disposltiou of thc bulk of his estate.

Among its provisions was one which specified the delivery to our T^t
Fund Board of securities or cash to the amount of $100,000, for the
endowment of a "chair" (or, if no further "chairs" were needed for
uch other purpose as the Board might determine) ; and another which
named the Bol as a sort of contingent remainderman in case certam
trusts failed because of the inabihty of the beneficiary to take advan-

%:' beirficiary named was the Trustees of the University of
Vermont, to whom the bulk of the estate (after certain annuities
was in effect bequeathed, but only upon condition that the number of
Tudents attending the university should be Uniited to 1,000 in any one

^'Aquestion at once arose as to whether the institution intended
was the entire group (including the agricultural '>ng""=<'™g' /f
medical schools) generally known as the "university," or merely the



Report of the Librarian oj Congress 3

College of Arts and Sciences which constituted the "university" as
originally chartered.

There being other questions also as to which the Bankers Trust
Company felt dubious — including one as to whether earlier indentures
by Mr. Wilbur still had vitality — it was decided to secure a judicial
interpretation of the entire instrument. By arrangement mth the
tax authorities in the State of Vermont a proceeding was instituted
in the Chancery Court there (Washington County), in the form of a
suit by the State of Vermont against the trust company, to assess
transfer taxes against the property. Through the Department of
Justice, the Library of Congress Trust Fund Board intervened in this
proceeding, being represented by the United States District Attorney
and special counsel from the Department.

The cause came on for hearing in July, 1932. On September 2
the chancellor rendered a finding of facts which, among other conclu-
sions, upheld the claims of the university (1) that by "University of
Vermont" Mr. Wilbur must have intended only the College of Arts
and Sciences, and (2) that as respects that unit the trustees of the
university had sufficiently complied with the condition.

A decree in accordance with the findings was entered on Septem-
ber 19, 1932. It provides, of course, that should the university at
any future time cease to comply with the condition (which is a con-
tinuing one) the cause may be "brought forward" by the Trust Fund
Board for a further hearing; and it supports without question the
particular bequest of the sum of $100,000 to the Board.

That sum plus interest at the rate of 2.68475 per cent per annum
from April 28, 1929, but less $5,000 transfer tax wdth interest due to the
State of Vermont, and certain commissions to the trustee, will therefore
be payable to the Board as an endowment for the purpose stated.

In my report of last year (pp. 5-6) I mentioned a suit instituted (in
the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia) by the executors

under the will of Mrs. John Boyd Thacher, and

The John Boyd Thacher i/-^i im in/ i>xi a\

coUection by Coloncl Ireadwell (one of the executors) as

residuary legatee, for the surrender of the collec-
tion bequeathed to the Library by Mrs. Thacher, on the ground that
the conditions prescribed in the \viU had not been complied with.
In form, the suit was against me personally. As, however, it related
solely to my acts in an official capacity, the defense of it was under-
taken by the office of the United States District Attorney, and was
conducted, with zeal and ability, by two members of his staff, Messrs.
John W. Fihelly and John J. Wilson.

It came to trial before Mr. Justice Adkins and a jury on December
14, 1931. After the introduction of considerable testimony, mostly
by the plaintiff, the case was taken from the jury on December 22,
143643—32 2



4 Report oj the Librarian of Congress

and the court rendered findings of both fact and law, all, save on one
point, favorable to the defendant, and directed a verdict for the de-
fendant. Judgment was entered accordingly. As a convenience in
reference, the findings of the court are printed in Appendix V. An
appeal taken by the plaintiffs has not yet come to a hearing.

Except for the appointment (effective last January) of David J.
Hayldn as Chief of the Division of Documents, there has been no

change in the higher staff positions, except as the
The service ''economy" legislation of the last session forced

the retirement of certain employees of long standing. Among these
latter were, however, two whose character and the fidelity of whose
service rendered their severance particularly regrettable. One of
these, Walter R. Wliittlesey, had been in our Music Division for almost
tliirty-five years— in part as its chief and otherwise as the chief
assistant; the other, Arthur R. Kimball, had for thirty-one years past
been in conduct of the Binding Section. A third, George T. Ritchie,
after long service with the Catalogue Division, had for twenty-two
years been a highly valued assistant in the Card Division.

Five other employees who had reached the statutory age were
retained under the authority of an Executive Order which recognized
that they were holding key positions in which their services were
indispensable, or were performing tasks for which their peculiar quali-
fications could not be spared without serious detriment.

The reduction in the available grant from the General Education
Board has necessitated the relinquishment from the group, for the

present year, of Dr. Harold N. Fowler (Consul t-

The consultants ^^^ .^ Classical Literature and Archaeology)

and Dr. Harry W. Tyler (Consultant in Science). Both, however,

express the willmgness to contmue their counsel to us in an honorary

capacity.

The outstandmg need of the mstitution— in the interest of its collec-
tions and of its service to scholarship— is still an endowment which
will amplify this group to its desirable dimension and assure it
permanence. A fund of $750,000 yieldmg $37,500 per annum would
assure the 15 specialists needed.

FINANCE

The following table exhibits the appropriations and expenditures of
the Library proper, the Copyright Office, and the custody and
maintenance of the Library Building for the fiscal year, and the
appropriations for the preceding fiscal year and the year now current.
Included also are the appropriations for the mechanical and structural
operations, repairs, and equipment of the building and grounds, under
the jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol:



Report oj the Librarian of Congress



Object of appropriations


Appropria-
tions, 1931


Appropria-
tions, 1932


Exjiendi-
tures, 1932


Appropria-
tions, 1933


Library and Copyright Office:
Salaries i—

General service


$778, 665. 00

3, 000. 00

18, 000. 00

159, 791. 33

71, 410. 00

233, 140. 00

38, 280. 00


$834, 165. 00

3, 000. 00

18, 000. 00

173.102.85

73, 990. 00

247, 940. 00

33, 4C0. 00

50, 000. 00


$833, 581. 98

2, 974. 02

17, 839. 50

172, 476. 96

73, 944. 09

247, 440. 50

33, 460. 00

50, 000. 00


$842, 045. 00
3,000 00


Special service


Sundav service 2


18, 000 00


Distribution of card indexes '


170, 000. 00


Legislative reference service


67, 500. 00


Copyright Office *


249. 380 00


Index to State legislation ' ....


25.000 00


Index to Federal statutes ^




Union catalogues




20, 000. 00


Increase of Librarv ^


180, 000. 00


180, 000. 00
100, 000. 00


180, 000. 00
100, 000. 00


125. 000. 00


Books for adult blind *


90. 000. 00


Vollbehr collection of incunabula


1, 500, 000. 00

14, 684. 25

380, 379. 15




Contingent expenses " . .. .


15, 300. 79
427, 515. 51


13, 869. 00
427, 615. 51


14. 000. 00


Printing and binding '.


360,000 00






Total Library and Copyright Office


3, 377, 349. 73


2, 156, 474. 15


2, 153, 101. 56


1,983,925.00


Library Building:

Care and maintenance (salaries) '


151, 243. 00

4, 700. 00

500. 00

8, 900. 00


161. 422. 00

4, 700. 00

500.00

7, 000. 00


159, 009. 28

4, 678. 85

226. 00

6, 764. 40


161, 822. 00


Sunday service .. .


4, 500. 00


Special and temporary service


500.00


Custody and maintenance •"


8, 900. 00






Total Librarv Building


165, 343. 00


173, 622. 00


170, 678. 53


175, 722. 00






Expenses trust fund board .


500. 00


500. 00












Total, Library of Congress, exclusive of
Architect of the Capitol. .-.


3, 543, 192. 73


2, 330, 596. 15


2, 323, 780. 09


2, 159, 647. 00







• Appropriation includes amounts withdrawn for retirement fund: For 1931, $43,256.67; for 1932, $46,072.63;
for 1933, amount not yet determined. Also expenditures, 1932, include retirement deductions. .Appro-
priations for 1931 include amounts appropriated under the second deficiency act, fiscal year 1931 (Brookhart
Act), as follows: General service, $1,620; distribution of card indexes, $500; legislative reference service, $460;
Copyright Office. $1,260.

2 No deduction for retirement fund.

8 Appropriation includes credits on account of sales of card indexes to governmental institutions: For
1931, $2,050 credited and $1.33 yet to be credited; for 1932, $2,499.72 credited and $103.13 yet to be credited.
Expenditures, 1932 ($172,476.96), offset by subscriptions covered into the Treasury ($244,456.91).

• Expenditures, 1932 ($247,440.50), offset by fees covered into the Treasury ($280,964.90).
' Expenditures, 1932, include outstanding indebtedness.

• Any unexpended balance for purchase of books will be available for the succeeding year. Appropriations
do not include $2,500 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new books of reference for that
body. Expenditures, 1932. include outstanding indebtedness.

' Appropriation includes credits on account of sale of photoduplications to governmental institutions:
For 1931, $1,684.25; for 1932, $1,300.79. Expenditures. 1932, include outstanding indebtedness.

8 Appropriation includes credits on account of sale of card indexes to governmental institutions: For 1931,
$878.58 credited and $0.57 yet to be credited; for 1932, $1,071.24 credited and $44.27 yet to be credited. Ex-
penditures, 1932, include outstanding indebtedness.

9 Appropriation includes amounts withdrawn for retirement fund: For 1931, $5,258.46; for 1932, $5,494.83;
for 1933, amount not yet determined. Also expenditures, 1932, include retirement deductions. Appro-
priation for 1931 includes $2,996 appropriated under the second deficiency act, fiscal year 1931 (Brookhart
Act). Appropriation and expenditures for 1932 include $2,000 available in 1931.

'• Appropriations, 1931 and 1933, include $1,900 for uniforms for guards.



6



Report of the Librarian of Congress



Object of appropriations



Appropria-
tions, 1931



Mechanical and structural operations, repairs
and equipment (under the Architect of the
Capitol):
Building and grounds-
Salaries '1

Trees, shrubs, etc

Repairs and supplies "

Furniture " -

Alteration to east and southeast stacks '*-
Acquisition of a site for additional buildings

for the Library of Congress '5

Care, maintenance, and repair of property
now on the site to be acquired for the

annex building '^

Preliminary plans, models, and estimates in
connection with the annex building, tun-
nel, and addition to Library Building

To provide for the construction and equip-
ment of annex building "

To provide for the removal of buildings and
structuies on the site acquired for the
annex building i'

Total building and grounds - .



$45, 280. 00

1, 000. 00

62, 000. 00

42, 500. 00

387, 000. 00



Appropria-
tions, 1932



Expendi-
tures, 1932



Appropria-
tions, 1933



$46, 960. 00

1,500.00

94, 675. 00

14, 000. 00



Grand total-



Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard (interest ac-
count) "



10, 000. 00



10, 000. 00



557, 780. 00



4, 100, 972. 73



5, 473. 52



921, 201. 94



10, 000. 00



$46, 833. 22

1, 464. 36

82, 195. 62

13, 950. 29



906, 301. 94



$46, 960. 00

1, 000. 00

13, 500. 00

10, 000. 00



1, 000, 000. 00



20, 000. 00



2, 108, 336. 94



4, 438, 933. 09



5, 970. 19



176,083.49



1, 226, 828. 92



3,550,609.01



2,215.83



150, 000. 00



221, 460. 00



2, 381, 107. 00



4, 554. 36



11 Appropriation for 1932 includes $1,680 for additional position of painter.

12 Appropriation, 1931, includes $25,000 for copper roof, dome, and skylight repairs, and $15,000 for recon-
struction of hot-water heaters. Also includes $4,000 appropriated under the first deficiency act for 1631.
Appropriation, 1932, includes $40,000 for continuation of copper roof, dome, and skylight repairs and $36,675
for installation of high-pressure water pipes.

13 Appropriation, 1931, includes $28,500 for completion of shelving for northeast stack.
i« Appropriation available for fiscal years 1929, 1930, and 1931.

15 Includes $600,000 appropriated for the fiscal year 1930 to continue available until expended. Also in-
cludes $321,201.94 appropriated under the first deficiency act, fiscal year, 1932, to continue available until



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