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bring them off the field.

Colonel 2nd regiment Tixaf infantry..


Camp near Corinth, Miss., )
April 21, 1862. J

A. A. G., General Withers' Division :

Sir : I liavc the honor to report tliut, on arrivinf; near the enemy's
lines on Monday, the 7th instant, 1 was plaeed, hy General Witlicrs,
in command of a brigade composed of the 2d Te.xas, 19th and Slst

Uj) to this date I have received no reports from the commanders of
Tcgiiiients, Ik'ingonly noininall}' in command of an irreguhir organ-
ization, reports of tlie action may have been made to other com-

Before advancing, an officer and staff rode up and inquired for
General Withers. The General not being pi'csent just then, the
officer gave orders to throw forward two companies as skirmishers,
cover our front, learn the position of the enemy, and then fall l>ack.
On asking from whom I received this order, I was answered, ** General
Ilardee." The order was given, but before execute<l was counter-
manded by the same authority. The brigade then moved forward
under the personal direction of General Hardee and staff, with a care-
ful v.arning that (Jeneral IJreckinridge was in our front engaging the

After advancing some two humlrcd yards a large force was seen in
•our front and to the right, but in a thick wood. This force was still
believed to be our friends, and the caution again and again given not to
fire, as they were lireckinridge's men. 1'lie left wing of the brigade
passii.g through an open field was now considerably in advance ol the
right, which passed through a tiiicket of low small brushwood. AVc
Foon learned that a truly sad mistake had been made respecting the
force in front, for permitting us to come up near their lines, where
they had a deadly cross fire on our left wing, still in an 0})cn field,
the enemy, from the shelter in the woods, now poured into the whole
line a most murderous lire. So su(Men was the sh«ck, and so unex-
pected If as the character of our supposed friends, that the whole line
eoon gave way from riglit to left in utter confusion. The regiments
became so scattered and mixed, that all efforts to reform them became


fruitless. Many of the ofRcers, however, succeeded in gathoring
squads, and joined other commands during the battle.

I have included in my report of the 6th, the entire number of killed
wounded and missing of the 2d regiment Texas infantry. *

I am, sir, very respectfully.

Your obedient servant,

Cohnel 2d Re2,iment Texas Volunteers,


Headquarters Third Brigade, Withers' Division, >
Camp near Co.tiNiH, Miss., April 25, 1862. j

Captain D. E. IIuger,

A. A. G., Withers' Division:

Sir : Having heard that the 2nd regiment, Texas infantry, of which
I am proud to have the honor of being Colonel, I as been spoken of as
having acted badly on the field of battle, on the morning of the 7th
inat., 1 feel it my duty, in justice to the regiment, to make the fol-
lowing " special report" for the information of the General com-
manding the 2nd corps, army of the Mississippi.

As stated in my former report, I was not in command of my regi-
ment on that day ; having been placed by General Withers, in com-
mand of a brigade, composed of the I9tb and 21st Alabama, and 2nd
Texas. Having formed the brigade in line of battle as ordered, the
21st Alabama on the right, the 2nd Texas in the center, and the 19th
Alabama on the left, a general officer and staff, r.ode up and inquired
for General Withers, wlio had just left our position. He ordered me
to throw forward skirmishers, cover our Iront, feel the position of the
enemy, and then fall back. On asking from whom I received the order,
I was answere<l " General Hardee." The order was immediately
given for deploying the skirmishers, but before it could be executed,
It was countermanded, and the brigade, except the 19th Alabama, who
srcted as a supjiort, advanced under (he personal direction of General
Hardee and staff, who generally gave orders directly, and not through
myself as commander of the brigade.

I beg permission to state here, that General Bragg, who did me the
honor to recommend me for promotion, perhaps, feels (as I am 'old)
some little doubt of the propriety of the recommendation, since liear-
ing the remarks referred to at the beginning of this report. If as
cummander of the brigade, 1 had taken upon myself the responsibility
of advancing upon the enemy, without first feeling his position with
skirmishers, then I might justly be held responsible for the result.
But such was not tlie case.

Before the advance was ordered, we were told that the brigade was
to act as a support to General Breckinridge, who was engaging the
enemy in front, and while advancing, we Avere Avarned, again and
i'gain, by one or more staff officers, not to fire on our friends in front.


The greater part of the 2nd Texas, passed over an open field and the
enemy allowed them to approach near their lines before firing. Even
after the enemy opened fire, the officers of the 2nd Texas report, the
crder was still given not to fire on our friends, and in one instance,
after a private returned the fire of the enemy, a staft' officer rode
up and drew his pistol, threatening to *' blow off the man's head if he
fired again." Major Runnels reports, that while the order not to fire
was being repeated to the regiment, he saw that the force in front
were not friends, and ordered the men to fire and charge them : but
just at that time a most galling fire was poured into the regiment, and
the cry " fall back," being heard in a voice unfamiliar to him, he
countermanded the order, but it was too late to be effective. The men
fell back in great confusion, with the result detailed in my former re-
port. I doubt not that our failure to drive back the enemy at tliis
time and place, may be attributed wholly to the mistake regarding the
character of the force in front, the multiplicity of the commands, and
the consequent confusion of the men, not knowing wliom to obey.
I am, sir, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

Conlonel 2nd Tixas, commanding Brigade.


Headquarters IDth Regiment Alabama Volunteers, ^

Camp three miles from the Field of Shiloh, >

April 12th, 18G2. >

To Captain Joseph B, Cumming,

Assistant Adjutant General^

5rd Brigade, Withers^ Division :

Captain : — In compliance with General Order No. — , from head-
quarters of this army, I have the honor to state that on the morning
of the Gth inst., the 19th regiment Alabama volunteers formed a part
of General Jackson's brigade, the second from the right of the second
line of battle. When the first line opened the engagement, a few of
our men were wounded by the scattering shots of the enemy. Wo
were then ordered forward and entered the most advanced Federal
camps behind the first line. We were then directed to move about a
railc to the right and front, where we formed in first line of battle, in
which we continued during the remainder of the day. General A. S.
Johnston ordered the regiment with his own lips to charge the campa
of the 5!)th Illinois regiment, to do which it was necessary to pass
down a deep ravine and mount a steep hill on the other side. This
duty was performed by the regiment, under a heavy fire from
a screened foe, with rapidity, regularity and cool gallantry. But
little resistance was oflfered after reaching the camps, as the enemy
fled before us to the crest of another ravine back of, and about two
hundred yards from, their camp. After forming line in the face of
the enemy, wc were ordered to lie down while the artillery was placed
in position to our rear and fired over onr heads sufficiently to shake
their line. The regiment then moved forward rapidly, driving the
enemy before it and dislodging him from every place he attempted to
make a stand, taking several prisoners and killing and wounding largd
numbers. It was now about 3 o'clock in the afternoon. The regiment
had been marching and fighting since half past six A. M., had been
through three of the enemy's camps and in three distinct engage-
ments. The enemy being now driven from all their positions on our
right, we were ordered to march to the left and centre to where a
heavy fire was going on. The regiment changed front, forward on the


tenth company, anrl marched rapidly by the right of companies to the
front, some one and a half or two miles in the direction indicated,
coming upon the left of General Chalm-er's brigade. The regiment,
while marching through a burning woo<l, encountered a heavy fire,
from the enemy, who were drawn up in front of and to the right of a
large camp, which fire the regiment returned with effect. I was here
met by General Chalmers, who told me his brigade was worn out and
overpowered by superior numbers, and said the troops must move to
his assistance. The regiment then moved quickly to, and in advance
of his left, and dislodged the enemy from a strong position they had
taken in large force, screened by a ridge and house. We advanced
about two hundred yards, the enemy having retreated a short distance
to another hill, where they were reinforced, and, in a great measure,
secured from our fire. The regiment here exhibited an example of
cool, heroic courage, which would do credit to soldiers of long expe-
rience in battle. Subjected as they were to a deadly fire of artillery
and a cross fire of infantry, they stood their ground with firmness and
delivered their fire rapidly, but with cool deliberation and good effect.
During this fire, General Chalmers' brigade having retired from our
view, finding it necessary to move to the right in order to support
Colonel Moore, who had just come up Avith his regiment (the 2d Texas),
we were met b}'' a new and warm fire, which was vigorously returned.
At this moment the enemy raised a white flag, which caused us to
slacken our fire, but as a large force of theirs to the left of our front
continued a heavy fire, probably not knowing that their commander
had surrendered, I moved the regiment a few yards obliquely to the
rear to secure a more favorable position. His fire was soon silenced.
Our cavalry moved up and conducted the prisoners, amounting to
about three thousand men, out before us. The regiment was then or-
dered to take charge of these prisoners, and started with them to the
rear, but was halted and formed in line, with orders to charge the
enemy to the river. But after passing through the deep ravine below
the lowest camps, we were halted within about four hundred yards of
the river, and remained ready to move forward for about half an hour,
when night came on and we were ordered to the rear, and were as-
signed to bivouac by General Withers. During all of this movement,
the regiment was under a heavy fire from their gun-boats and other

The regiment slept on their arms during the night. Early next
morning. General llardee came up with a body of troops and directed
ine to join him. After moving back a short distrnce wc were met by
General Withers, who took immediate comman<l of a brigade of which
the 19th regiment forme I a part, and ordered us to move forward to
support General lircckinridge. On reaching the ground we were
placed on General Hardee's left, and by his order the regiment was
deployed as skirmishers before his entire commaml. After being again
assembled the regiment advanced and engaged the enemy. About 11
oVloek, General (lialmcr's brigade came to our assistance, and wc
remained attached to his brigade, continually engaging the enemy, until
wc were ordered to retire in the cvcning,whcn we followed his brigade a


short (li.-tance to the rear. General Withers here directed mc to form
a brigade, by joining my regiment to some other troops which ho
placed under my command.

After the remainder of the army had passed to the rear of this
brigade, the final order "was given for the brigade to retire.

Tins is a brief and necessarily imperfect report of the action of the
regiment during the time called for by your order.

Too high praise cannot be accredited to the company officers and
men for their conduct during the entire engagement. Exposed as
they had been for two nights previously to drenching rains without
tents, and with little covering, they were of course somewhat jaded ;
but at the first sound of the enemy's guns, they moved forward with
a cheerful alacrity and ; ood order that showed clearly that it was such
music as they loved. Under fire almost incestantly, the first day, they
moved from one position to another, as they were ordered, not only
with finiiness, but with enthusiasm. On Monday some of the officers
and n^.en were so exhausted as to be unable longer to endure the
fatigues of the march and battle. The remainder evinced the most
untiring endurance and excelhnt courage. The list of casualties
herewith presented, amounting to thirty-three and a third per cent, of
the aggregate strength of the regiment (both officers and men) on the
(ith instant, testifies with sufficient eloquence to the patriotic
devotion of the 19th Alabama regiment. One stand of the
enemy's colors was taken by the regiment, which has been previously
forwarded. The gallantry and heroic courage of the field and stafi'.
Lieutenant Colonel E. D. Tracy and Mijor McSpadden, and Adjutant
Walker, was conspicuous. Adjutant Walker was wounded on the 6th
and ietir?d from the field. Lieutenant Colonel Tracy had his horse
shot from under him on Monday, and during the entire two days ex-
hibited marked coolness and noble bearing. lie, together Avith Major
McSpadden, remained with the regiment from the beginning' of the
engagenjent Sunday morning, until its termination Monday evening,
liieutenants Palmer, ILigood, Barry, Neighbors, Hods, AndersDu and
B. F. Bolter, and Sergeant Major B. L. Griffitts, also, remained with
the regiment during the entire two days, and displayed commendable
fortitude and manly courage.

1 am, Captain,

Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

Colon!., Co}nmandins: IQlk llegimcnt,

Alabama Voluntctrs.


Camp Jacksov, nkar Corinth, Miss.,

April 12, 1862.

To Captain Jos, B, Cummings, A. A. A. General,

Srd Brigade, C. S. A., of the Miss. Withers Division :

Captain : I have the honor to report, that on Sunday morning, the
6th inst., the battery under my command became engaged for tlie first
time about 9 o'clock, with a battery of the enemy, whicli I observed
to be contending Avith one of our own batteries. The battery of the
enemy being thus exposed to two fires, was soon silenced. In this
engagement, we sustained no loss, notwithstanding the enemy's fire
was skilfully directed towards us. The enemy's battery was posted in
rear of a camp, that was located about the center of the first line of
their cam])?. One of my cannoneers, after the engagement, went to
where the battery was stationed and returned with their colors, which
I forwarded to Gen. AVithers, commanding 2nd division.

After leaving this camp, I received orders to take position in front
of the brigade on a hill facing the camp of the enemy. In placing
the battery in po ition, I observed some of the enemy's skirmishers
stationed behind trees, in a deep ravine on the left and front of the
hill. This fact was clearly established, as I was fired at by several
and immediately Lieut. A. Spelicrs of my company, shot one of
them with a Y«inkcc rifle, that was taken from the enemy, by one of
my cannonicrs. I reported the same to the General commanding the
brignde, and askc<l for skirmishers to encounter the enemy (while
placing my guns in a position to fire down the ravine), which request
was complied with. In this engagement Lieuts. liarnes and Speliers'
sections were brought into action, the other could not be placed in an
advantageous position ; we first fired some canister upon the enemy in
the ravine, and then shelled their camp, we, consequently, sustained
no loss in this engagement. From this place, we pushed forward on
the enemy's camp, from which they had retreated and formed on a
ridge to the riglit, where they were screened by a dense growth of
bushes; I placed four pieces of my battery fronting the enemy at a
distance of about one hundred y-'^rda. and two pieces flanking them on
the right. We commenced firing with canister, which we continued to
use with terrible effect, they resisting us with desperate valor. In


this cnjrajE^eraent, Lieut. J. J. Jacobus fell mortally wounded '.vliilc
gallantly commanding his section. Gunner A. Koesel was killed while
aiming his gun ; both were shot through the forehead by rifle or mus-
ket balls. Lieut. C. Speath was wounded in the right arm. John
Ilalbert shot through both arms. J. T. Nethercus shot through the
neck. Tho's J. Murphy and S. A. Ingolls in the hip — all bravely en-
gaged at their posts. Our loss in this engagement would hive been
greater, had it not been for the brave charge made by the regiments,
under our gallant commander, Brig. Gen. Jackson.

In three subsequent engagements, during the day, we sustained no
loss, excepting two horses wounded. A limber from one of my pieces
being broken, I took 07ic from the broken battery captured (in the
morning's engagement), of th-e enemy and attached it to my gun.
Also replenished my stock of ammunition from that of the enemy; (the
Yankee ammunition is in capital order, especially the friction tubes,
which are superior to ours ; they were of good service in our subse-
quent engagement). On Monday morning, the 7th instant, iny batte-
ry being separated from the brigade, I proceeded forward, towards the A
enemy's line. Approaching Brig. Gen. Claiborn's command, I discov- ^
ered the enemy's line in the woods beyond an open field. They attempted
to form in the rear of Gen, Claiborn's command, who was stationed on
my right. I took position directly in front of the enemy and engaged
them for a few minutes, when they shifted their position, fronting Gen.
Claiborn's command. 1 then changed front to the left, to support Gen.
Claiborn, whose forces had made no demonstration to prevent the ene-
my's position.

The enemy's battery opened a heavy fire upon us, killing two
of my horses and disabling several, also wounding two of my
cannoniers, (P. C. Buckley by a shell and B. Wolfe by a musket ball),
flesh wounds, both in action at their posts. Having expended the am-
munition of two pieces engaged, the caissons of same being detained
in passing a branch of a ravine, I ordered them to fall back, and
withdrew the three that were in charge of Lieuts. Barnes and Spe-
licrs, to form on the right (during the movement, the infantry engaged
the enemy), they having lost several horses, were compelled to leave
one of tiieir pieces. I returned to get ray piece — in passing the ene-
my's camp, near the open field, I perceived the enemy moving towards
our left, and I immediately engaged them, and was joined by Capt.
Robinson's battery (without any support of infantry near) in the midst
of a heavy and fierce fire of the enemy's battery, I received orders
to cease firing. Our ]}rigade, (3d), just then passing, I joined and
followed them in accordance to orders, under tne impression to make
an attack upon some other point. I was then called on to detail my
cannoniers, to man a battery in Gen. Breckinridge's command, to which
I complied. Vie arrived in camp on Tuesday, the 8th inst., and on
the 9th received orders to return to Monterey. It was impossible for
the entire battery to proceed forward on account of the used up and
worn out condition of our horses, also much of our harness being
broken and unserviceable. One section is now, and since that time,
on duty at Monterey.


I omitted to state, that at the place of engagement where Lieut.
Jacobus fell, Corporal Hughes captured a banner, and private Hill a
markers flag, which I forwarded to Gen. Withers. I also forwarded
nine (9) muskets to the Ordnance depot. Corporal J. Van Dohlen, of
iny company, during the entire actions of both days, gave evidence of
distinguished coui'age and bravery. In conclusion, allow me to state
that the entire command throughout the action, fought with cool and
determined bravery, and I trust contributed much towards our suc-
cessful efforts on the battle field.

I remain. Captain, with high consideration,
Very respectfully,

Your ob't servant,

Captain commanding Washington Light Artillery,

Geo rgia Volu n t cers .

P. S. — Wm. II. Pool was wounded in the breast by a musket ball.
Wm. II. Stanley, shoulder dislocated — fell from horse, while on his
march on the field, on the Gth inst.



IIfadquautkrs Rugglks' Division. 2nd Corps, A. M., ^
CoRiNTir, Miss., April 25, 1862. S

To Jlajor G. G. Garner,

Assistant Afijtitant General:

Sir : I have the honor to submit the following report of the services
of my division at the battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, on the Gth and 7th

On Sunday morning the 6th instant, at daybreak, the three brigades
composing ray division occupied the position in line of battle, in
double column at half distance, which had been under the orders of
the previous day indicated, extending from the Bark road on the
right, toward Owl creek on the left, a distance of some two miles.
Major Genejfal Hardee's advance extending from the Bark road a short
distance towards my left, constituted ray first line.

About sunrise I sent orders to the commanders of brigades to
advance with deploying internals, taking the first as the brigade of

Soon afterwards, receiving orders from Major General Bragg, I
directed Colonel li. L. Gibson's first brigade to march by the right
flank across the Bark road, and then advance in support of the first
line as previously ordered.

I then made dispositions as ra[)idly as possible, to insure conformity
on the part of the other brigades of my division with this change of

The commander of the 3d brigade. Colonel Preston Pond, had been
already directed to throw one regiment of infantry, and a section of
(.■ajttain Ketchum's guns into position on the Owl creek road, and pre-
vent his turning our left flank.

Four cojTipanies of cavalry, under Captains J. T. Jenkins, (com-
manding) A, Tomlenson, J. J. Cox and J. Robins, covered our right
and left flank.

lieturning from a rapid supervision along the line, when approach-
ing the Bark road, the enemy opened fire from point to point in rapid
succession, driving back some troops of the first line.

The Washington Artillery, under Captain Hodgson, was then
brought forward, and two howitzers and two rifled guns, commanded


by Lieutenant Slocumb, with two guns umJer Major IIoop, were
put in position on the crest of a ridge near an almost impenetrable
boggy thicket, ranging along our front, and opened a destructive fire
in response to the enemy's batteries, then sweeping our lines a' short
range, I also sent orders to Brigadier General Anderson to advance
rapidly with his second brigade, and as soon as he came up I directed
a charge against the enemy, in which some of the 6th Mississippi
and second Tennessee joined. At the same time I directed other
troops to move rapidly by the right, to turn the enemy's position
beyond the swamp, and that the field artillery follow as soon as
masked by the movement of the infantiy. Under these movements,
vigorously executed, after a spirited contest, the enemy's whole line
gave way, and our advance took possession of the camp and batteries
ajjainst which the charge was made. I sent, then, orders to Colonel
Pond to advance rapidly the 3d brigade, swinging to the right, meet-
ing the development of the enemy's line of fire, sweeping the camp on
the left, and to prevent surprise on his left flank.

Subsequently, I sent orders to Colonel Looney's 38th regiment
Ternessee, and the section of Kctchum's battery, then on the Owl
creek road, to conform to these movements. In the meantime, the
first brigade (Gibson's) united with Brigadier General Ilindinan's ad-
vance, after having driven the enemy from their camp, on our right,
engaged in repeated charges against the enemy's new line, now held
on the margin of an open field swept by his fire.

The enemy's camps on our left being apparcntry cleared, I endeavored

Online LibraryConfederate States of America. War DeptOfficial reports of battles → online text (page 25 of 52)