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posted upon the road, which was soon ended by its dispersion and cap-
ture. Lt. Col. A. Y. Johnson, commanding the troops in the town,
surrendered, and I entered the place. The prisoners taken, in num-
ber about sixty-five, were paroled. I took immediate possession of
the telegraph, and intercepted a dispatch to Col. Johnson, informing
him that Col. Owens, with the 6()th Indiana regiment had been order-
ed to his assistance. So I at once despatched a company of Texas
rangers under Major Gano, to destroy the railroad bridge on the
Lebanon branch, which he successfully accomplished in time to pre-
vent the arrival of the troops. I burned two long buildings full of
commissary stores, consisting of upwards of five hundred sacks of
'coifee and a large amount of all other supplies in bulk, marked for the
army at Cumberland Gap. I also destroyed a very large amount of
clothing, boots, etc. I burned the hospital buildings, which appeared
to have been recently erected and fitted up, together with about thirty-
five wagons and fifty-three new ambulances. I found in the place a
large store of medicines, five thousand stand of arms, with accoutre-
ments, about two thousand sabres and an immense quantity of ammu-
nition, shells, etc. I distributed the best arms among my command,
and loaded one wagon with them, to be given to recruits that I expect-
ed to join me. I also loaded a wa^on with ammunition. The remain-
der of tlie arms, ammunition, and the hospital and medical stores, I
destroyed. While in Lebanon, I ascertained from telegraphic dispatches
that I intercepted, that the force which had been started from Lebanon
junction, to reinforce Lt. Col. Johnson, had met and driven back the
force under Capt. Jack Allen, killing one of the men and preventing
him from accomplishing the purpose for which he had been detached.
I proceeded "from Lebanon on the following day, through Springfield
to Macksville, at which point I was attacked by Home Guards. Two
of my men were taken prisoners and one severely wounded. I re-
mained at Macksville that night to recover the prisoners, which I did
the next morning. I then left for Ilarrodsburg, capturing a Federal
Captain and Lieutenant on the road. Reached Harrodsburg at 12 1-2
o'clock — found that the Home Guard of all that portion of country



477

had fled to Lexington. A force was also stationed on the bridge
where the Lexington road crosses the Kentucky river. My reception
at this ph:ce was very encouraging ; the whole population appeared to
turn out and vie with er^ch other as to who should show us most atten-
tion. I left Ilarrodsburg at 6 o'clock the same evening, and moved to
Lawrenceburg, twenty miles distant, threatening Fi'tinkfort, in order
to draw oiT the troops from Georgetown. I remained there until the
return of the courier from Frankfort, who brought the information
that there was a force in Frankfort of two or three thousand men,
consisting of Home Guards, collected from the adjacent counties, and
a few regular troops. From Lawrenceburg I proceeded to Shrykes'
ferry, on the Kentucky river, raised the boat which had been sunken,
and crossed that evening, reaching Versailles at 7 o'clock. I found
this place abandoned by its defenders who had fled to Lexington. Re-
mained there that night and on the next morning marched towards
Georgetown.

While at Yarsailles, I took about three hundsed Government; horses
and mules. I passed through Midway on the way to Georgetown, and
was informed, just before reaching the place, that a train from Frank-
fort was nearly due, with two regiments of Federals. I tore up the
track, and posted the howitzers to command it, and formed my com-
mand along the line of the road, but the train was warned of our
presence, and returned to Frankfort. Having taken possession of
the telegraph oflfice, I intercepted a dispatch, asking if the road was
clear, and if it would be safe to start tjie train from Lexington. I
replied, to send the train, and made preparations to receive it, but it
was also turned back and escaped. I reached Georgetown, 12 miles
from Lexington that evening. Just before entering the town, I was
informed that a small force of home guards had mustered to oppose us.
I sent them word to surrender their arms, and they should not be
molested, but they fled. The people of Georgetown also welcomed us
with gladness, and provided my troops with every thing they needed.
I remained at Georgetown two days, during which time I sent out a
company, under Captain McMillan, to destroy the track between Midway
and Lexington, and Midway and Frankfort, and to blow up the stone
bridge on that road, which he successfully accomplished. Hearing
that a company of home guard were encamped at Stamping grounds,
thirteen miles distant, I dispatched a company, under Captain Hamil-
ton, to break up their encampment, burn the tents and gtorcs, and
destroy the guns. This was also accomplished. Captain Hamilton
taking fifteen prisoners and all their guns, and destroying a large
amount of medical and commissary stores. I also, while at George-
town, sent Captain Castleman, with his company, to destroy the rail-
road bridges between Paris and Lexington, and report to me at Win-
chester. This was done.

Determining to move on Paris, with a view of returning, and hear-
ing that the place was being rapidly reinforced from Cincinnati, I
deemed it of great importance to cut off the communication from that
place, while I drew off the troops that >Yerc already there by a feint
oa Lexington. I thorcforc dispatched a portion of two companies



478

towards Lexington, with instructions to drive the pickets to the very
entrance of the city, -while I moved the command towards Cynthianna.
When I arrived within three miles of this place, I learned that it was
defended by a considerable force of infanti-y, cavalry and artillery. I
dispatched the Texas squadron, under Major Gano, to enter the town
on the right, the. Georgia regiment to cross the river and get in the
rear, while I moved my own regiment, with the artillery, under the
command of Lieutenant J. E. Harris, down the Georgetown pike. A
severe engagement took place, which lasted about an hour and a half
before the enemy were driven into ihe town and compelled to surrender.
I took four hundred and twenty prisoners, including about seventy
home guard. I regret to have to mention the loss of eight of my men in
killed, and twenty-nine wounded. The enemy's loss was 194 in killed
and wounded, according to their own account. Their excess in killed
and wounded is remarkable, as they fought us from behind stone
fences, and fired at us from buildings as we charged through the town.
"We captured a very fine 12-pounder brass piece of artillery, together
with a large number of small arms, and about three hundred Govern-
ment horses, I found a very large supply of commissary and medical
stores, tents, guns, .and ammunition at this place, which I destroyed.
The paroled prisoners were sent under an escort to Falmouth, where
they took the train for Cincinnati. I proceeded the next morning
towards Paris, and was met on the road by the bearer of a flag of
truce, offering the unconditional surrender of the place. I reached
Paris at 6 o'clock, remained there that night, and started towards
Winchester the next morning. As my command was filing out of
Paris on the Winchester pike, I discovered a large force of Federals
coming towards the town from the direction of Lexington. They
immediately countermarched, supposing no doubt, that my intention
was to get in their rear. This enabled me to bring ofi" my entire com-
mand Vrithout molestation, with the exception of two of my pickets,
who were probably surprised. Reached Winchester that day at 12
o'clock, remained until 4 o'clock, when I proceeded towards Rich-
mond. At Winchester I found a number of arms, which were des-
troyed. I arrived at Richmond at 12 o'clock that night, and remained
until the next afternoon, when I proceeded to Crab Orchard. I had
determined to make a stand at Richmond, and await reinforcements, as
the whole people appeared ready to rise and join me, but I received
information that large bodies of cavalry under General Clay Smith
and Colonels Woolford, Metcalf, Mundy, and Wynkop, were endea-
voring to surround me at this place, so I moved on to Crab Orchard.
There I attached my portable battery to the telegraph, leading from
Stanford to Louisville, and learned the exact position of the enemy's
forces, and directed my movements accordingly. Leaving Crab
Orchard at 1 1 o'clock, I arrived :)t Somerset, distant 28 miles at sun-
down. I took possession of the telegraph and countermanded all the
previous orders that had been given by General Boyle to pursue me,
and remained here in perfect security all night. I found a very large
S'^pP^y Pf commissary stores, clothing, blankets, shoes, hats, &c., at
this place, which were destroyed, I also found the arms that had been



479

taken from General Zollicoifer, together with large quantities of shell
and ammunition, all of which were destroyed. I also burned at this
place and Crab Orchard, about one hundred and twenty Government
wagons.

From Somerset, I proceeded to Monticello, and from thence to a
point between Lexington and Sparta, where my command is now
encamped, I left Knoxville on the 4th day of this month, with about nine
hundred men and returned to Lexington on the 28th inst,, with nearly
twelve hundred, having been absent just twenty-four days, during
which time I traveled over a thousand miles, captured seventeen towns,
destroyed all the Government supplies and arms in them, dispersed
about fifteen hundred home guard, and paroled nearly twelve hundred
regular troops. I lost in killed, wounded and rhissing of the number
that I carried into Kentucky, about ninety, I take great pleasure in
testifying to the gallant bravery and efficiency of my whole command.
There Avere individual instances of daring so conspicuous that I must
beg the privilege of referring to them. Private Moore, of Louisiana,
a member of company A, of my regiment, particularly distinguished
himself by leading a charge, which had an important ciTect in winning
the battle. The report of the regimental commanders, which are
enclosed, are respectively referred to for further instances of individual
bravery and efficiency. I feel indebted to all my aids for the prompt-
ness with which my orders were executed, ana particularly to Colonel
St, Leger Grenfel, for the assistance which his experience afforded me.
All of wbich is respectfully submitted.
(Signed,) JOHN n. MORGAN,

Acting Brigadier General, C. S. A.



REPORT OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL B. W. DUKE.



CrNTHiANA, July 17th, 1862.

Captain R, A. Alston,

Assistant Adjutant General :

Sir : During the engagement to-day, the regiment engaged the enemy
on the Georgeto^Yn pike, and after a desperate fight of about an hour
and a half, succeeded in driving them into the town, where a hot street
fight occurred, histing until near dark. We took the 12 -pound brass
piece that had so annoyed us during the early part of the action.

Where all engaged, acted so nobly, 'tis difficult to particularize:
but it is generally conceded that company A covered itself with glory,
which is acknowledged by the regiment.

r. II. THORPE, Adjutant.



Captain R. A. Alston,

Assistant Adjutant General :

In the action referred to above, my regiment was deployed upon the
Georgetown pike, coinpjinies A and B upon the right, companies E
and F upon the left. After a stubborn fight, the enemy were driven
from all the positions in the edge of the town. Company B was then
sent to the extreme, to engage a force which threatened our right
flank, and succeeded in dispersing it. Companies E and F charged up
to the bank of the river, under a severe fire of musketry and grape,
and were prevented from entering the town, only by the depth of the
water at that point. Company A crossed the river at a ford near the
bridge, charged across the bridge, and after a very severe contest,
drove the enemy from the houses near the bridge. Company C, pre-
viously held in reserve, charged through the town on horseback, and
forced the enemy to abandon their artillery and cleared that street.
The two last named companies, then uniting with the Georgians, who
had dashed in upon the left, forced the enemy to abandon the depot,
and subsequently the town.

It is almost impossible to speak in terms too high of the diff'erent
officers under my command ; good conduct and individual gallantry,
were so common, that it almost ceased to be a matter of remark.



481

Captains Hutchingson and Webber led their companies in perfect
order through a fire that was unusually severe. Lieutenant, J. A.
Smith and Bowyer, of company A, were both severely wounded in
front of that company and in the midst of the enemy.

Captain Bowles and Lieutenant Myers, of company C, behaved
with great gallantry ; the latter was struck from his horse, but for-
tunately the wound was but slight.

Lieutenant White, commanding company B, performed the duty as-
signed him, and kept his company in front of a superior force for
nearly an hour, finally dispersing it.

I have the pleasure to report the gallant and eflScient conduct of
Captain Thorpe, Adjutant of my regiment, and my thanks are due
him for the manner in which he superintended the execution of every
order. I cannot too highly compliment Colonel St. Leger Grenfel,
who acted with ray regiment, for the execution of an order, which did,
perhaps, more than anything else to gain the battle. His example
gave new courage to every one who witnessed it. I have the honor
to report that every one in my regiment gave satisfaction to myself
and their respective commanders.

B. W. DUKE,
Lieutenant (loloml commanding regiment.
31



r.ErORT OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL F. M. NIX.



Headquarters Camp Smith, >
Near -Kkoxville, Tenn., July 30, 1862. )

R. A. Alsto^v,

Acting Assistant Adjutant General, Morgan's Brigade :

Sir : I have the honor to submit the following report of the action

■of the 1st regiment Georgia partizan rangers, in the battle of Cyn-
thiana, on Thursday, 17th inst.

On Thursday, the 17th inst., when the brigade had arrived within

:a few miles of Cynthiana, I was ordered by General Morgan to detach
my regiment, and attack the town on the Avest side, at the report of the

•cannon. Having made a circuit of five or more miles, through plan-
tations and over many obstructions not anticipated, with all possible

•dispatch, I arrived in the suburbs and formed a line a few minutes
after the signal of attack was heard, when I observed a body of the
enemy's cavalry advancing towards my line, which were promptly re-
pulsed by a volley from my command. Having advanced a short dis-
tance, I ordered Captain Jones to deploy his company (A) to the right
of the pike, in order to co'ver the whole of the rear of the town, and
prevent the escape of the enemy in case of their defeat. Before the
whole of company A, however, could be deployed, it encountered a
body of cavalry*advancing on the pike, which were repulsed, after a
sharp contest. Advancing farther. Captain Jones encountered a force
of artillery with one brass field piece, which he charged and repulsed,
the enemy having the piece behind them, still advancing and com-
pleting the deployment to the right of the pike. Company A captured
sixty- eight prisoners, marched them to a corner of the main street,
and left them in charge of a squad under command of Lieutenant R.
H. Chapman. At this juncture, intelligence having reached Captain
Jones, through a prisoner, that a reinforcement of seven hundred men
was coming in by railroad, he ordered Quartermaster Sergeant John C.
Allen, to take a file of men and burn a long railroad bridge in his rear,
which was promptly executed, the remainder of the company advancing
■until the firing ceased.

Company B, advancing along Main street, driving before it a body of
the enemy, killed some and captured many. Lieutenant Meadows, and
a private of said company, and private S. T. Moore, of company A^
being the first to approach the brass field piece, which was captured.



483

Advancing along Main street, this company was ordered to dislodge a
party of the enemy from a garden, which was promptly executed.
Companies B and C, and a portion of company A, were then ordered
to charge the depot and a neighboring brick building, from which the
€nemy was pouring an incessant fire. After a severe conflict, they
drove the enemy from both these strongholds, killing and capturing
several of them, and afterwards pursuing the enemy to the corn-field,
in which they made their last stand. The only casualty in company B
was one man wounded; in company C, two killed and six wounded,
three slightly and three severely; among the latter, was 2nd Lieuten-
ant Thomas E. Pitts. The left wing, viz : companies D, E and F,
under command of Major Samuel J. Winn, advanced steadily on the
left of the pike, engaging the enemy at several points, and driving
them into the centre of the town, having killed and captured a num-
ber of them, and not halting until the enemy was routed. The left
wing sustained no loss either in killed or wounded, I feel that many
thanks and much praise are due to the officers and soldiers of my com-
jnand for their highly creditable and heroic conduct on the occasion of
this battle. All of which is respectfully submitted.

F. M. NIX,
Lieutenant Colonel commanding \st regiment

Georgia Partizan Rangeis.



REPORT OF MAJOR R. M. GANO, COMMANDING BATTA-
LION CAVALRY IN MORGAN'S BRIGADE.



To John H, Morgan,

Brigadier General, commanding Brigade

In the Kentucky expedition of July, 1862 ;

Honored Sir: I "have the pleasure of reporting to you the action
of the battalion under my command in the recen^; expedition to Ken-
tucky. This report is intended to embrace only the action of the
battalion while separated from the other troops under your command.
The battalion was composed of four companies — two Texas companies
under my command, known as the Texas squadron; company A, com-
manded by Lieut. Speen, and company B, by Capt. Huffman, and two
Tennessee companies, viz : Company 0, commanded by Capt. McMil-
lan, and company D, by Capt. Hamilton, having left Knoxville on the
morning of the 4th of July, 1862. We reached Walden's ridge on
the evening of the 5th, where the bushwhackers fired upon our forag-
ing party, mortally wounding Mr. J. N. O'Brien, of company A, of
the Texas squadron. He lived 24 hours, suffered much, Avas a model
soldier, a^fond husband, affectionate father and a worthy man in all
the relations of life. Cut down in the prime of life, he died in a noble
cause, the defence of his country from the invader.

We reached Tompkinsvillc on the morning of the 8th, about sunrise.
I was then ordered to the right of the town, on the Old Mill road, to
attack from that point, and cut off all retreat from that quarter. I
proceeded as directed, and drove in the pickets, giving the alarm in
the enemy's camp. When we came in sight of the enemy, they were
forming on horseback, apparently with the intention of attacking us,
not dreaming of the reception, prepared before breakfast, for them. I
arranged my command to receive them, but only had the opportunity
of firing a few long range guns at them, as the well-aimed shell, fi-om
your howitzers drove them back from their position, and I then
thought from their movements that they would retreat on the Burks-
ville road, and I immediately ordered Capt. Huffman through the
woods upon our right, with two companies, to intercept them there,
.but the rapid and well-airnedfire from the Georgians, under Col. Hunt,
from one point, and of your regiment from another, drove the enemy



485

into such a. hasty retreat, that they passed out through a woodland
trail some 1-2 mile or more, and then falling into the Burksville road,
put their horses to their utmost speed. The Texans, so famous for
horsemanship, started in pursuit, and a portion of the squadron, on
faster horses, soon came up with some 75 of the enemy under Major
Jordan, and two Lieutenants, trying to cover their hasty retreat.
They did not surrender to our demand, but fired back at us, wounding
Thomas Huffhines. Then commenced a running fight, 75 Yankees
against about one dozen Texans, and many an invader bit the dust
Among the number, one lieutenant, one sergeant and two corporals.
We captured Major Jordan, one lieutenant, one sergeant and four pri-
vates. Our casualties were, in this running fight, two wounded, viz:
J. Iluflfman, flesh wound in the thigh, and J. Jjoose, a sabre cut in the
head, severing the outer table of the skull — neither dangerous. The
enemy lost 9 killed, 7 captured ; number of wounded unknown.-

At Bear Wallow, on the 9th, Capt. Huffman's company was detailed
from my command, upon an expedition under Capt. Jack Allen. For
their movements I refer you to his report.

After the bushwhacking from New Market to Lebanon on the night
of the lOtli and after the surrender of Col Johnson and his forces,
he having stated that the home guards would fire upon us from the
houses, if we entered the town, you will recollect how nobly the three
companies of my battalion at the still hour of the night march' d
through to receive their fire. Lieutenant Spears in front, Capt.' Mc-
Millan next, and Capt. Hamilton third; but the fire came not, the wo-
men waived their handkerchiefs, and the place was ours, as witnessed
by the shout that rent the air, and then, without rest, having teen in
saddle 24 hours, how cheerfully we posted off 5 miles in the country,
in compliance with the order to burn the bridges, which we did, cap-
turing the guard. Capt. Huffman and his company rejoined us at
Macksville, the night of tlie 11th, and next morning I was ordered for-
ward to take possession of Harrodsburg. The home guards had
assembled at this place, to drive us back, but before we came in sight
they had fled precipitately to the Kentucky cliffs to reinforce Joshua
Bell who was collecting all the home guards at the bridge on the
Danville and Lexington road, and the aforesaid militia General (Bell)
was exhorting his assemblage to deeds of heroism and valor, when a
party of C5 home guards came from Lancaster to reinforce them.
They came shouting and waiving their hats. Bell's pickets fled and
reported Morgan coming with his forces at full gallop. Their heroic
leader then aanounced that they could not possibly make a stand there
and every man must take care of himself, and they all fled in the di-
rection of Lexington, some on horseback, some on foot — (the author
of this, Mike Chrisman, made several miles on foot and fainted by the
wayside). The wicked flee when no man pu'rsuet'i. The excitement
and dread at Harrodsburg, on the part of the Unionists, was intense.
Strange that any persons in Kentucky could be deluded by the lies of
Geo. L). Trontice, to believe that the Southern people, noted for their
■chivalry, liberality and sympathy, could be guilty of the baseness
ascribed to us by those base hirelings of the North. But now they



486

have been slioAvn better by actions, which speak louder than words. A
few words guaranteeing respect to persons and property, quieted their
fears, and all united in preparing us a repast. But the ladies — God
bless them ! — true and loyal to their native South, are bright examples
of patriotism and fidelity to our country, our institutions and the lib-
erties vouchsafed to us by the struggles of o-ur forefathers.

From Ilarrodsburg, per order, I proceeded towards Paris, intending
to avoid the pickets at Lexington, (kiving only 92 men with me,) but
accidentally coming upon them, I feigned an attack, and crossing sev-
eral roads, and frightening in their pickets, they reported a large rebel
force coming in from different roads. The greatest excitement prevailed^
and with cannon and huge proclamation, they prepared for defense,
compelling every man, of whatever sentiment, to take up arms. I did
not attack the city with my small force, but leaving Lexington to my
right, and passing in by Paynes' depot, on the Frankfort road, I
halted my company at the residence of John Payne, near Georgetown,
for dinner. Mrs. P., not knowing any better, sent word to her hus-
band in town, that a body of Union cavalry were there. He imme-
diately called upon the Provost Marshal to accompany him home. He'
could not go, but sends his deputy, Alex. Long. Soon another mes-
senger arrived in the person of Oliver Gaines, with an order to me to-



Online LibraryConfederate States of America. War DeptOfficial reports of battles → online text (page 45 of 52)