Confucius James Legge.

The Chinese classics, Volume 2 online

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When the three years' mourning was expired, Yl withdrew from the
son of Ytl to tikd north of mount Ch*l The prineee, repairing to
courts went not to Yl, but they went to Ch't Litigants did not go

i. Bow TflB iMBoni i i Mia i iM« i» wmom Tit id
mmwoKf AMD sov ID ni wwima Tt ; rtua Tit

WAS SOT TO n UWI ! >■ ■ ■■» «■ OUT JaWUVT iM
IMJUUUE IV fJJUVfl TO VAo JJKD SkUM* I. iB[

JH^r^'ooiiiiiif to i*im moiiiiidonlMidy 'From
YAo and Shw^' or tranilato ioineliow as I li«?«
dona. SooM aoj ilial ffL V» fjjL *7* **^
not to bo taken with qwolal Mmnoo to Shun
and Tflf and to Oh% bat it aeama boat to do aa



iatotiioami^ bo dvawB aa wall Aran

Mia. ;^|^, 'waaiiaoT'Lo.

waa hla Tirtno inteioi^ and bia tiaiiaBittiB|
the tfarana to hla aon a proof that fit waa aoT

^ ^y— omitted in tranalating, aa bfllbra.

Ohd Hd Mja, 'Tang-oh'Ang and the north of
mount Obi were both at the Ibot of the Snnf
mountainii plaees fit for retirement, within
deep TalleTB. 'Bj man/ the/ are hm to have



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THB WQEK8 Ol* MBNOIUB.



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"if^ 1Ai ^ A ^ z^
dC^ /m ^ vLovm ^C^

dft ^ W :^ it. 0»



iIl^ W X d^>

db ^ ^b db



^m^^^^



sove-
Ho



to YI9 but ihcrjr went to Ch% sa^nff, '' He is the son of our so
reim/' the singen did not BiBgil, but i^ej sang C9i%8aj^
18 we son of oar sovereign."

2. 'That Tan-chA was not equal to hU father, and Shan's son
not equal to hi$; that Shun assisted Tfto, and Ytt assisted Shun^
for many yearSi oonferrinff benefits on the people for a long time ;
that ikms the length of time during whidi &un, Ttt, and ^
0s$tried in ihe govemmml was so different ; that CM was able, as a
man of talents and yirtue, reverently to pursue the same eourse as Yd;
that Yl asMsted Ytt only for a few years, and had not long conferred
benefits on the people; thattheperKMlscfserviceofthetmeewereso
di£Bsrent ; and that the sons were one superior, and ti)e other superior :
— all this was from Heaven, and what could not be brought about by
maiu That wUc^ is done without man's ddng is from Heaven. That,
whidi happens without man's OMisin^ is from the ordinance ofHeaveiL

3. * Li the case of a private individual obtaining the thime, then

beMilMiuMplMa^aiidthftilfrUamliteke ilMShAHdii^ Chi wm TO^ mi. ute

^ MM ^^ rooooodod bJM on the tiurone. a. IWn^A wm

**W* 11iiyfPM««MirfiilyiiMr«MlioUi«, thetan«fYAo;teetli»8hAMih^ TIm

wd MwriiBtTOd lo the dliirk* of TlBrfuif Mii«f81i«niftiMtBMotioiMdiiitlMekaiie.Hli
(2^j|^ In «lie4flpMim«Dft «rHMiaa, in iuuii«wast-di11ii(i||^),aiidoAaAapPMn
Bo-BMu n wu Wb giMl mlniilcr, niatd m ShAag Chfln, he AATiiw been appointed le
teilMitmgwItyfterihe deelh ef Kjo-yio ^^^^eJ the prineipeli^of ShnngQy). InJ^^^



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860



THE WORK8 OF MENCIU&



[bk.v.










Mi

muflfcheinhimvirta^eqaaltothatofShunorTtt; and moreover tfaete
mqsfcbe the presenting of him io Heaven bj the preoedfii^ sovereign*
It was on tills acooont that ConfociuB did not oDtain the throne.

4* ' When the kingdom is possessed by naiufal snooesdon^ the
sovereign who is displaoed bj Heaven must be like Chieh or CMn.
It was on this acoonnt that Yl, t Ym^ and Ch&u-kung did not
obtain the throne.

5. 't Yin assisted T*ang so that he became sovereign^ over the
kingdom. After the demise of T'an^ T'Ai-tin^ having died before
lie could be appointed^ sovereign, Wai-ping reigned two years, and
ChnngHribi fonr. TAirduA was then torning upside down the
statutes of Tang, when t Yin placed him in Tang for three yeaik
2%er0 TAi-chii r^>ented of his errors, was contrite, and reformed
himself. In Tung he came to dwell in benevolence and walk in

XfT. zsiL 6), and ChAn-kwif or iht dak» «f
CbAa, themeU-kiiawn anMant ofhis bfoUMr,
king Wft. 5. -ff^f in 4ih ton*. ^, in a>d

tone, ^"y* » • |[^^— IhATetniMlaM

lieroaooordingtoChAoCht One of thoChl&ngi
rijM a diiferentTiew:— <0n tba death ofPainb
WAi-ping wat only two jean old, and Ohimg-
aka waa hot four. ThX Wat aomawhat oldtr.
and thorefota waa pat on the throne ;' ana
between thia view and the other, GhikHtf pro-
taMahimaelfiinahletodeeide. TheflratTiew
appeara to me mneh the mora natural, and ia
manded moreover on the aoeoont in the 'Hia*
torieal Beeords,' thon^ the hiatoriea^ve bain
anangBd aeoording to the other, and T'Ai-ehii
appeara aa the faooeiaor of Tang. Thia arrange-



the ;||g k in 4«li tone. In Ihia paragraph we
ha?eakmgwaMitaiiBathaniaeommonlytonnd

inChinaaaeompQaition,the^in<^3'Cib
aU the p tevlim a elana e a . iroeh arem
I with one another :— <Tan QiA'a not
liikehia iaher,Shmi'aaon'a not being Uke

iatpljing the pnipoae of man. the aeeond is
pasatre ; ao^ as ia indloated bj the term% with

^1^ and ^ in the nest aentenoe. 4. t Yin

waa the ehiaf mJniatsr of Tang (see Analeois,



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rr* I. CH. TIL]



THB WOBX8 OF MBK0IU8.



861












«lii]ig.



jaanof Ulb, and not
thus ooBiflt out,



ffrom hlfl acotwion, or from the con*



ehMionofthttlirMTwn^fmooraiBg. TIm
'Hiitorieil BMoidi' nMtiiii& the kttar irtow,



hot tbolbniMr ii ftMnQsr rtosHiidly as »M
fa iftinmlannt irlth tht fWit ilitni 7.W«Bml



rigbteoufineM; durisijr tboee three years^ listening to the lessons given
to him W t Tin« Tnen / Yvn again returned wiik Am to Pa

6. 'db&n-kun^ not getting the throne was like the case of Tl
anil iShs iknmt of Usift, or like that of t Yin and (kt (hraue ^ Yin.

7. ' Confodns said, " T'an^ and Ytl resigned the throne to Aeir
warAy minidUrs. The sovereiflpd of Hsii and Aom of Yin and CMa
transmitted it to their sona The principle of righteousness was the
mme in aU^ke eases J" *

Cbap.YEL 1. Wan C9iang asked Metiews^ ^TPfr 'Pec^le say
that t Yin sought an introduction to Tang by his Knowledge of
oodLery. Was it bo ! '

^ ibm ahwm^ogy mmih indaed vMmired
tftattoMiiAs in the Sh<i-«hiiii^ iV . ir,
do not admit of an J Fsiflsi or raigiit bdaf
lad ha t woQ tt T'aog and Tii-ohli. Tho

tha IbllawiBf tolntloB :~<Ohio ChTa riow la
' ' Hihlaybainf inoonaiatant with tho Shik-
Tha aeholar Ch'ftnif a tIow la alio to ha
L fbrhowoanwoaapDoaattiatT'ani^
dvins ovar a hnndxad jaaia cidt would loaTa
aaikuaa of two and Mr Toaiaf And, more-
ovar. on thia iriaw dtnn g a t n waa tha alder
hrooMri and Meneiiia wonld hava mantionod
hteSffBt BottlMrBiaaaoivtlonwhklimaala
aUUiadiflaiiitiaaorthoaaM. FM-waaaRuna.
with tha old anlanatlon. that WAi-pinf and
Oknnt-alnwara both daad idMB Tftl-ahiA ano-
aaadadtothathiona. Than^wlthChtnibwotaka

^mtbaaan-aofjl

ct laboi ; and tha mai
thatflkUtlng died hataa liia fiithar. and hia
brothafa Wai«ping and Chnnfl-iin diad alsoy
tha ^am at tha aft of two^ and tha othar of fonr

yiafa.' ^H|— in theianaaof Icwa. Tiuigwas

tba plaaa whara T'any had baan horiad, and P6
tha naoM of hia omtaU Thar* ia aoma oon-
tio ffo i^j f about tha limo of TAi-ohiA'a detention
in Tnn& whattiar tha three yaar« are to ba
rae ko naaf



nndaratand Oonlbdnira aiyfnfc— &a
akoaa of it,— aa nteriiii^ to tha aiat aof<

of Uia djnaatiaamantionad, and j^'
tojj|p.»A. <to truiMDlt to^' La. i

ohing, I, H. W B,*aea Analaete, m.

TTKJ, I. Tft ori^nall/waatha 4|ft,orBarony

of HalA, a diaMet in tha praaent dapartnMBt of
K**!- Ang. Hia ona piinaipla of riAtaouanaM
waa aoeordanoa wiih tha will of Uaa^any aa

axpreMd in par. I, 3^ H |(, Hfd^,

7. VmnoAiion or 1 Tn wmom tmb owawa av

rr AM ua h okuii Aatmoti x. BEythaiattanet
"^St* ^ '~^' '^ aeak,' La. an introdnatlon
to^orthaikvooroi: l^'^iatiMi

Tin (^, tha 'rafolator/ k tha <

waa ^ ohief minialer of T^nf. Thapopnlar
aoeoiint (found alao in tha 'Hiatoriaal Baoordi')




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THE WOBK8 Ol* MBNGIUB.



[BS.T.












1^1



MB.

2. Mendos replied, * No, it was not so. t Yin was a &nner in
the lands of the prince of Hsin, delighting in the prindples of Tfto
and Shun. In any matter ocmtraiy to the righteousness which they
prescribed, m contiary to their prinoiples, though he had been
affierod the throne, he would not nave re^EO^ed it; though there
had been joked for him a thousand teams of horses^ he would not
have looked at them. In any matter contruy to the righteousness
which they prescribedy or contrary to their principles, he would
neither have given nw taken a sing^ straw.

3. *T*ang sent persons with pesents of silk to entreat him to
enter his service. With an air of mdiflBarence and self sfttinftcti<m he
said, ^What can I do with those nlks with which Tang invites met
Is it not best for me to abide in the channelled fields^ and so delight
mysdf with the |Nrineiples of YAo and Shunt"

4* ' Tang thnce sent messengers to invite him. After this, with



IB the timM «f MmmIm wm, thai 1 Tin
MM to P^ In iht tnia «r • dangMv «r iht
mlmm of Hdn. wbon Tteg mm aanriaf,
majimg bis «MkiM-initnnMnte wilk him,

■MadklmMlfloSmar. ^^tft^^^
^ Tim WM • nMf of StnT^hm mum
Inlloty whkb vttdMT ilM CblUrdTMMly WM

«D.d Xw«, llii pitt^ii Sli»Kd.i» (l;^ ;^)

of Ho^Mb U mm mo/t iu dkduti Aran
TteifB «fl|fliial Ma* «r Fo^ alto in Ibt pntMit



I.r ilw flMiM^ hflMtiy Ifrfii-' JES



lUnmUy, «6iiioliimMithim.' ^, UiMm«r

Umrhonm.' ^"^^ S- |(^, '♦• a^t'
^ avMdlbr'loadLittmwiii^l'lMn^'to



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THE WQBXfl OF MSNOIUB.



868



^^M ^M ^ :!: ^ ft W




the change of resolutioQ displajed in hiii ooantenanoe^ he npoke in
a difierent style^ — ^^ Instead of abiding in ihe channelled fields and
thereby delignting myself with the pnnoiples of TAo and &kun, had
I not better make this prince a pnnce like TAo or Shnn^ and this
people like the people of T4o or Shun ? Had I not better in mj
own person see these things for ^yself t

5. * ** Heaven's plan in the production of mankind is this : — ^that
they who are first informed should instruct those who are later in
being informedt and they who first apfMrdieod principles should
instmot those lAio are slower to do so. I am one of Heaven's
pecmie who have first apprehended ; — ^I will take ihese prindples
and instruct this people in them. If I do not instruct them,
who win do so 1 "

6. *Hethoughtthatamon^all the people of the kinffdom^ even
the private men and women, if there were any yiho dia not eigoy

^ ttf Q, 'ehu90d bis plAB, Md Mid,' or
Q|[S'^ 0f 'eku90dliiAWoH%aiidMld.'



n



\^ S*, 'aprinoe oi;«lik» lo^TAo
11/ I 00 noi tee



• ezMUy iho foroo of
1& iho im Mnttnoo, tad lutTe

lilivlytfMMaiilod iho pliVMt lilniaij.
S. Thk pnifnpli ii lo bo ondomoodM



bjtYiii. Thomoottingof j[^,*ioi__

* to mdoiitind/ to on odfiaoo on Umt of jjjf ,



oimplgr 'to know.' tbo olndHit wiU
•Iwdiii it lo nodi oottToly ibioo «teo%-i«io

pooplo,' ■ * mankind. ' ^uBb,— food oi^ and-
m. |(^-ioodi*wi^ia«id«Qno^'loadfio^'



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864



THE W0BK8 OF MENGTOS.



[BK. ▼.






%o 0, M 4 ^ U W :^. ^
3^ i liff ^ # JE ja T
^. E ^. f^. A f^ ;2,




Btudi benefits as T4o and Shun conferred, it was as if he himself
pushed them into a ditch. He took upon himself the heavy charge of
the kingdom in this way, and therefore he went to T*ang, and prused
upon hun the subject cnT attacking H^A and saving the people.

7. ' I have not heard of one who bent himself, and at the same
time made others straight ; — ^how much less could one disgrace him-
self, and thereby rectify the whole kingdom ? The actions of the
sages have been different. Some have kept remote /rom court, and
some have drawn near to H; some have left thdr offices, and some
have not done so : — ^that to which those different courses all agree is
simply the keeping of their persons pure.

8. * I have heard that t Yin sought an introduction to T*anjg by
the doctrines of Yfto and Shim, f have not heard that he did so
by his knowledge of cookery.

9. ' In the '' Instructions of t,'' it is said, '' Heaven destroying
Chieh commenced attacking him in the palace of Mtl. I commencea
in Po.*'

*to pemiAdew' 9fr J^ 1)1, 'adTiaed him mMnjmppomUmioLjmiowMMtnmwombiorm

about.' 7.0oinp«Bk.IILPtILii,5. fg aUow^ Tha meaning la that OhiaH'aatwdtka

-IE fiB <if wa aaak wliara thar aama to. i& hia pahiea In XA lad Haa^an to daalroj him,

"5rW' ^^^•^''"^"^^•^••^S whilalm,inaoaQfdanaawlththawmS

whaia thaj aaataiad.' a 9^>^m ^ I^una- Haa^an, adriaad Fang in Pa to teka aetlan

graph I. 9. Saa tha ShA-ohing^ IV. iT. a, bnt againat him. |fe and jfc, both«A^, *to

tha alaada ami thia taxt ai« ao diiferant that hagln.'



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THE W0BK8 OF MSKCIUB.



865











Chap. VIDL i. Wan Chanp asked IfenctM, saying, * Some say
that ConftLcias, when he was in Wei, lived with the uloer^octor,

and when he was in Oh% with the attendant^ Ch*i Hwan ; was it

BO?' Mendus replied, *No; it was not so. Those are the inven
tions of men fond of stra ng e things.

2. *When he was in Wei, he lived with Ten CWAu-yA. The
wives of the officer Mi and Tsse-lii were sbters, and Ml told Tsze-
lA, ''If Confudns will lodge with me, he mav attain to the dignity
of a high noble of Wei" Tsse-1{L informed Confocins of this, and
he ssdd; *^That is as ordered hy Heaven:' Confucius went into
office aooordmg to proprie^, and retired fix)m it according to right-
eousness. In regard to his obtaining office or not obtaining it. he
said, "That is as ordered." But if he had lodged with the attendant



8. VzBMcuiiMi ov OoKroonm 1B0H1HI aUBU



g|, *• sw^UiBS^' <An ttker,* and jft (nad

M, in ni tone), <a dMMMted nlow.' OhA
Htf, After Olio Chi, takes the two terme at
In tlM Iwmelatton. Some, howwor, telw the
ehaiMten ae a man'a name, ealled alao |K

|g,|||Jj||,Aiid||||^ They an probably

rVil na<Hiaeorieal]Ueoria'maka|||M
toliaTt been the enniieh in atlendanoe on'Se
dak* dTWei. wlien hevode thtodi^ the market-
plaeaidth the doehem, ft>llow>d ly the ai^e,—

tohi.«fe.ldiigo.t. #A-jfeA''*»»*

■eumMh. Soniifllia wwe employea durlnK tha
<»iAii dynaafty. Both the men relbrved to wiare



unworthy fiiToitritee of their reepeetfreprinoea.

^ (in srd tone)^ ^, <one who ia fond of

i)iUaing tronb V and In a li^iter aenae^ aa hef«^
'one who ia fond of saying^ and doings atrange

thing..' jfe-^l^^ljg/lodgedinhi.
hoii8e»'liteiaUy,«JMNihim.' Iiiptf.4»J^^
J^ jS|^» ^bythoaeofwhom theyane hoata;'

J^ ^^^''^^^^^^^^^^^^^'^^
make their hoeta. a. TenGh'Aii.yA,6aUedalao
JlJIIiyfil^f^ivMa worthy oak)erorw«i. One
aeeount haa it, that he waa brothar to Itaa-
W% wifo^ but thia ia probably ineotioet. HI,
with Che name HdA (^)r waa an unworthy



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[»K. ▼.






Chi Hwan, that would neither have heen aooording to righteoua-
nesBy nor any orderii^ of Heaven.

3. ^ When Confucius, being dissatisfied in lA and Weif had lefi
those 8UUe$, he met widi the attemnt of Hwan, the Master of the
Horse, of Sung, to intercept and kill him. He assmned, however,
the dress of a common man, and passed by Sung. At that time, though
he was in drcumstances of distress, he lodged with the dtv-master
C9i*ftng» who was ^hen a minister of Ch&u, the marquis of Crh'Sn.

4. * I have heard that Ihe eharaetere of ministers about oonrt may
be discerned from those whom they entertain, and those of stranger
officers^ from those with whom they lodge. If Confucius had lodged
with the ulcer-doctor, and with the attendant Chi Hwan, how could
he have been Confuausr

Chap. IX. i. Wan Chang asked Mendue, 'Some sajr that
F&i-ll Hsl sold himself to a cattle-keeper of Ch*in for the skins of

flmmrito of Um duke Ling, a* OompsreAn^
leeti^VILzzU; HwaniithaHwrna'TiitlMn.

|f^, in Hi taiM>->^ ||^» *^ intempt'

H^ J|[, *mnaXi elottiM,' Le. th« diM of a

aommonniAn. ^y'thePttvey'litliekononuy
oplihei of tlio offloor who "ivM OonftMiiM'e hoot,
and JB WM the pn^ier name of the prinee of
Ohln, with whom indeed the independenee of
Hm State terminiited. GhAng^ it ie eaid, after-
Waids beeame 'oitj-maeter' in Song^ and wae
known as enuh ; — henee he is ec styled here at
an earlier period of his life. 4.|^j|2lMre



hsTS a diflbrent appUeatloii fttim what
to them in the last elumter, par. 7.
9, VmnoAxios OF rii-U Htt wmom nn

anTAaosaan. i. Pii-H Hrf was ehkf miiijatf
to the duke MA (fB- 'the diftnar of Tiitns^
r ofinti



and maintainor of i nt e aiitj f*), B^a 61

Hishistoiy wlU befMind&tsMtlnAr^
In the twentjy^SiUi and some snkasqnsn

of the 'History of the SeTsral Stsftsa' (M

m ;j^),ihoni»the incidents Iharsajs, soma

of thenif illflbieni Ikom MenehMta atatsBseais
abonthim. ^Hth i^ard to thai In tfvb |
grsphyiiianot^



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PT. I. CH. IX.]



THB WOBKS OF MENCIUa



867






mzMm:

M ® >f»

PH m "^

five rams, ainl fed hiB oxen, in order to find an introduction to the
duke Mii of Ch'in ; — ^was this the case T Mencius said, ' No; it was
not so. This story was invented by men fond of strange things.

2. 'P&i-li Hst was a man of TtL The people of Tsin, bj the
indocement of a lonnd piece of jade from Ch'id-chl, and four horses
of the Ch*tt breed, borrowed a nassage through Ytt to attack Kwo.
On (hat oeamon, Eune Ohih-ch'l remonstrated o^atnat granting (heir
regpied, and FAi-11 Ha did not remonstrata

3. ' When he knew that the duke of Yo was not to be remon-
strated with, and, leaving that State, went to Ch*in, he had reached
the age of seventy. K by that time he did not know that it would
be a mean thing to seek an introduction to the duke Mii of Ch'in
by feeding oxen, could he be called wise ? But not remonstrating
where it was of no use to remonstrate, could he be said not to be






at Miwnd to. Tli« Moount hi tha
<HMoriMl BMoxdi,* 19^ ;2^ ^> <% ^^
ftlUr the mOrmniioa of TA, Hd Mlowod ite
mflUw& dnkm to TWIm mtaidag to tftko miw
▼loo in that Slate, and was altorwarda aont
to Ok'in In a aonial oavadtj, in tho train
of tlM oldool daoifitor of tho bowo of IMn,
1 to iMOomo tho wife of tho dako Utu
at bobig in aoeh a poiitiony Hot
OB tho road, and flooing io ChHl, ho
notod for his iUU in foarinc oattlo.
MA Mmohow hoard of his groat
oapaoitj, and oant to Oh'O, to looiaim him ao
a ranawaj aorrant. oflMng alao to pay for his
rddna. Howaaafaidtooifer
fanaonit loot ho should awaken
I in Cht that ho wanted to got HsI



on aooount of his abilitj ; and on obtaining
him, ho at onoo made him his diiof minislor.

^,-rsad tat, 4tl^ tono^ -|^, 'toibod.'^^,
-asinohap.7,thoz8ttono. j^^ ^L



as in last ohaptor. a. Gh'Ai-ohlandCh'aworo
tho names of plaees in Tdn, tho one Cunous ftir

its Jade, tho other for ita horsea. ^, 4«h

tone, *a team of fenr hones.' Kwo and TS
wore-mall States adjoining oaeh other, and
onlj safe against tho attsoks of their more
poworM noighboor, Tdn, bj their nratoal
nnion* Both tho oooers of Til, Knng Chih*
ohi and PAi-lt Hsl, saw this, but Est saw also
that no remonstranees would prevail with tho

duke ofTfl against tho bribes of IMn. ^^



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THB WOBK8 OV MSNCnTB.



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wise 1 Knowing that the doke of TU would be ruined, and leaving
him before that events he cannot be said not to have been wiaa
Being then advanoed in C9i*in, he knew that the duke Mil was one
with whom he would enjoy a field for action, and became minister
to him ; — could he, acting Aius, be said not to be wise 1 Hayinff
become chief minister of CSfin, he made his prince dutingoished
throughout the kingdom, and worthy of being handed down to future
ages ;-— could he haye done this, if he had not been a man of talents
and yirtue 1 As to selling himself in order to aoccmiplirii all tiie
aims of his prince, eyen a yillager who had a regard for himself
would not do sudi a. thing ; and shall we say that a man of talents
and yirtue did it 1*

J^i— ttiis Biaj hxf hmtk prudent, Imi wm

nothoooiiimbto. ItisoonteaiytoaUierAeooiiiiti
or Htf • eonteet H* is Mdd to h»f urtad



Ghih-eht io Imw Ttt sfter his :
whUe h« remained himself to bs wlUi ihs dnks
in the sril dsy whieh hs saw apymanhing,
H^ ^ aro to be taktn togeUisr. '



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PT. II. CH. I.]



THE WOKK8 OF MSNOIUB.



888



. WAN CHANG. PART II.








Cbafisr L i. MenciuB said^ ' Po-i would not allow his eyes to
look on a bad sight, nor his em to listen to a bad sound. He
would not serve % prinoe whom he did not approve, nor oommand
a people whom he did not esteidm. lu a time of good government
he took.offipe, and on the oocurrenoe of confusion he retired. He
pould not bear to dwell either in a court ^m which a lawless govern-
ment emanatedg or among lawless people. He considered his hemg
in the same place with a villager, as if he were to sit amid mud and
€oa^ wi^ his court robes andcourt cap.^ In the time of ChAu he
dwelt on the shonoB of the North sea, vraiting the purification of the
kingdom. Therefore, whisn men now hear the character of Po-t, the
oocrupt becpDM^ puK, and the weak acquire determination.



ILPlLaM^Mid is; Bk.IV. PkLziiLx.
TMM §&wmaummi imam,' L«. m mart, dM[



▼OI..II.



Bb



xiaie^' Imi liAve M opposed io B| , '

U in Om MUM of' oomipi.Wa

tftkoo AS in ttio MUM oC'JInfttn vim 4itomwmMS

Boi itU bottM to FtUinitipropw rigniflMUoa,

MMl to Allor thai of j^, with tho sloM ia tl»



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370



THB WORKS OF MSNGIUS.



[BK. V.
















If f 5




2. 't "Sin saidt ''Whom may I not fiervet My serving him
makes him my sovereign. What people may I not oommand 1 My
commanding them mi3ce8 them my people.** In a time of good
government he took office, and when confusion prevailed, he also
took office. He said, ** Heaven's plan in the production of mankind
is this : — ^that they who are first mfi>rmed should instruct those who
are later in being mformed, and they who first apprehend principles
iBhould instruct uiose who are slower in doing so. I am tne one of
Heaven's ]people who has first apprehended ; — ^I will take these prin-
ciples and instruct the people in them.** He thought that among all
the people of the kingdom, even the common men and women^ if there
were anr ndio did not share in the enjoyment of sudi benefits as
Yfto ana Shun confeTxed, it was as if he himself pushed them into a
ditch ; — ^for he took upon himself the heavy charge of the kingdom.

3. 'H{d of litl-hrii was not ashamed to serve an impure prince,
nor did he think it low to be an inferior officer. When advanced
to employment, he did not conceal his virtue, Iml made it a point to



UPkLiLM; Mid U. ▼. Pt L tU. »4.
OkMmtk that iMN liMtMd «f >^ >|( 3|^. . .



«<lf Umm witre aigr who did not hftvo put ia
tlMMtfa7n«il,'4e. a. Onnpftrt Bk. IL Pt I.



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PT. n. CH. I.]



THE WORKS OF MBNCIUS.



871




carry out his principles. When dismissed «nd left without office^
he did not murmur. When straitened by poverty, he did not
grieve. When thrown into the company of villaffe people, he
was quite at ease and could not bear to leave tiienu Me haaa say-
fi^, " You are vou, and I am L^ Although you stand by my doe
witii breast and arms bare, or with your body naked, iiow can you
defile me 1 " Therefore when men now hear the character of Hid
of Lii^-hsiA, the mean become generous, and the nig«xdly become
fiberaL

4. ' When Confucius was leaving Ch% he strained o£f with hia
hand the water in which his rice was beiuff rinsed, took ihe rice, and
went away. When he left Lt^ he said, '' I will set out by-and-by z"*
^t was right he should leave the countrv of his parents in this
way. When it was proper to go away quickly, he <ud so ; when it
was proper to delay, he did so ; when it was proper to keep in retire-
ment^ he did so; when it was proper to go mto office, he did so: —
^is was Confucius.'

5. Mencius said, * Po-1 among the sages was the pure one ; t Tin

iiifMrtlaV Omtoi BMkM «b« ^ QofUuit bj'flliAiMtar/tluuiVjrABjottMrEBi^ldi
piMt mm plAlB. |ato«*oli«f#tli««iiM 4-J[|f,'*oriiiieorwMhrf»^**U^

btf»,'aiid SL* topoioff aU thavppsrfiniMBt'
IlK 1^ ioftUMr, to «to ]iAT» Ui^body aiJwd.'
HM»Mi4Iapar.i,Jj[^to ajLpw t w dmwiiieariy

B b 3



nHiicliriMtowBdMML' TIm laftte to iha i



byOonlbeiiis toTm»4ll,wkowtolMd to hwij
him swaj. 5. I hftv* Ittfwilid tlm i ~'



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872



THB WOBKB OF MiardUS.



[bx. v.





^ M W ^ ^*M ^ m Mk

M.:«j ^ Ji aE # :^ J.

was the one moet indined to take office ; HAi of LiA-hsift was the
aooommodating one ; and Confucius was tiie timeous one.



Online LibraryConfucius James LeggeThe Chinese classics, Volume 2 → online text (page 33 of 56)