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411



and sometimes a little bnugue in its tone,
yet containing ample stores of valuable
fiicts; enxiched with a large number of
portraits, autographs, &c. ; weU written,
admirably printed, and, in the main, just
such a history as there ought to be of eyery
town in the Commonwealth.

MiNTTTBS OF THX GENERAL CoNTEKEKCS

OF Maine ; €U their Thirty^third Annual
Meeting held wiih the State Street Congre-
gational Churchf Portland, June 21, 22,
23, 1859. Bangor : Wheeler & Lynde,
Printers, No. 1, Bowman's Block, 1859.
pp. 76.

Excellent as usual, and fuU of minute de-
tails relating to current ecclesiastical his-
tory, not alluded to in the title. Returns
received from all but ten of the churches,
which blanks seem to be supplied from re-
turns of previous years. Conferences, 14 ;
248 churches, 190 clergymen, 2,405 admis-
sions (1,924 on profession, and 481 by let-
ter,) 906 removals (323 by death, 543 by
dismissal, and 40 by excommunication,)
19,221 members (2,912 non-residents,) 923
adult baptisms, 358 in&nt baptisms, 20,510
in Sabbath Schools, $27,595 donations.
Net gain of members, 1,379.

Minutes of the General Association of
Massachusetts at their Fifty-seventh An-
nual Meeting held at Pitts/ield, June 28-30,
1859. Tf^ith the Pastoral Address, the
Narrative of the State of Religion, and the
Statistics of the Churches* Boston :
Crocker & Brewster, 47 Washington St.
pp. 76.

New type, in part, and improved ar-
rangements of tables. Crocker & Brewster
publish this for the thirty-eighth time, and
Mr. J. M. Everett puts the tables in type
for the twenty-fourth successive year. All
the churches of our faith and order in the
State are hete reported. Summary, 485
churches (81 vacant,) 586 ministers (338
pastors, 80 stated supplies, 168 others,)
76,784 members, (10,553 absent,) 11,340
additions (8,811 by profession, 2,529 by
letter,) 3,676 removals (1,188 by death,
2,410 by dismissal, 78 by excommunica-
tion,) 1,719 infSmt baptisms, 4,095 adult
baptisms, 80,285 in Sabbath Schools. Net
gain of church members, 7,135.

Minutes of the General Convention
OP Vermont, at their session held at Ver-
genneSf June, 1859, with the Report of the
Corresponding Secretary, and the Statistics



of the Churches. Windsor : Vermont
Chronicle Book and Job Printing Office.
1859. pp. 47.

Handsomely printed, and worthy of
handsome printing, — excepting that three
churches are not reported, and six others
are estimated from previous statistics.
Fifteen Associations, 192 churches (25 des-
titute,) 222 ministers, (67 pastors, 91 stated
supplies, 58 without charge, — 7 having
been ordained, 7 installed, 9 dismissed, and
2 deceased,) 17,778 church members, (a net
gain of 1,123,) 2,588 absentees, 1,992 ad-
missions (1,483 by profession, 509 by let-
ter) 743 removals (265 by death, 418 by
dismissal, 60 by excommunication,) 618
adult baptisms, 337 infant baptisms, 14,-^
523 in Sabbath Schools, 23,858 average in
congregations, and $22,877 45 donations.

Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the
Khode Island Evangelical Consocia-
tion, held at Little Compton, June 14,
1859: With the Report of the Rhode
Island Home Missionary Society, and of the
State of Religion. Providence : Printed
by M. B. Young, 33 Westminster Street.
1859. pp. 24.

« Faithful are the wounds of a friend ;" the
page of statistics is this year complete.
Total, 21 churches, 21 ministers, (15 pas-
tors, 6 stated supplies,) 3,452 Church mem-
bers, (990 males, 2,462 females, the only
Minutes which accurately distinguish in
this important matter,) 539 admissions,
(398 by profession, 141 by letter,) 158 re-
movals, (50 by death, 101 by dismissal, 7
by excommunication,) 177 adult baptisms,
110 infant baptisms, 3,466 in Sabbath
Schools. Net gain of members, 381.

Minutes of the General Association
OF Congregational Churches and
Ministers of Indiana, at its meeting in
huiianapolis. May 12, 1859, with an Ap-
pendix, Indianapolis : Indianapolis Jour-
nal Company, Printers. 1859. pp. 20.

We are glad to see this pamphlet, as
coining from Western brethren, although
sorry that they have not wheeled into the
statistical line. This year they enumerate
32 churches, 14 ministers ; and 25 of the
churches report 940 members. As our
brethren plead their scattered condition,
and promise that " every effort will be
made to secure perfect statistics in the fu-
ture," we forgive their shortcomings, with



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the hope that fparing the rod will not
spoil the — statistics ; and we assure them
of our sympathy in their Christian labors.

Minutes op thb General Association
OF Illinois, at the Annual Meeting in
Bloominffton, May 26, 27, 28, and 30,
1869. Together with the Constitution, Ar-
tielet of Faith, Rulee of Busineee, Sge,
Ottawa : Printed at the Free Trader
Office. 1859. pp. 44.

A most decided improvement on prece-
ding issues. Key. S. H. Emery, with all
who have assisted him, deserres great credit
for doing so well under depressing circum-
stances. Nine Associations, 172 ministcrsi
(45 without pastoral charg^;) 177 churches
(38 vacant,) 11,841 members, 2,333 ad-
missions (1,295 by profession, 1,038 by
letter,) 806 removals (101 by death, 644
by dismissal, 61 by excommunication,) 414
adult baptisms, 426 infant baptisms, 15,611
in Sabbath Schools. Net increase of mem-



bers, 1,527. In this report, the figures of
16. delinquent churches were c<^)ted from
previous yean, of which subeequentlj
reported, but without materially affecting
the result. Another year will bring the
Illinois figures to the true level.

Minutes op the Gbnebal Associatiox or
Michigan, at their meeting in Detrntf
ll<^ 19, 1859. WithanAppendix. Adiion:
Steam Press of Ingalls & Mills. 1859.
pp. 41.

A very respectable document. Appen-
dix F will just suit Bro. Trask. The Sta-
stistics show that nobody need despair of
improvement. Apart from that fact, how-
ever, these Statistics are a very great ad-
vance. Our principal objection is that no
satisfactory Summary is presented. Such
as it is, it reports 7 Associations (or Con-
ferences,) 105 ministers, 118 churches, of
which 109 report 6,768 members. Don't
omit the Summary next year.



(flJnngrjejjatxnnsI |ttrr0l00ff.



Rev. AUSTIN OSGOOD HXTBBARD

died in Brattleboro*, Vt., Aug. 24th, 1858,
aged 58 years and 15 days.

He was bom in Sunderland, Ms., Aug.
9th, 1800. His father was Dea. Phineas
Hubbard, and his mother, Catherine, was a
daughter of Dea. Elisha Nash of Williams-
burgh, Ms. They removed with their fam-
ily to Stanstead, C. £., In 1804. In early
life he was thrown from a loaded cart, one
of the wheels of which passed directly
across the lower part of his breast, from
which hurt, however, he soon recovered ; but
the state of his health in later life, and es-
pecially the revelations of a poet mortem
examination, gave reason to believe that
this caused a displacement of the bowels
which at length resulted in his death.

He prepared for College with the Rev.
Daniel Willie, of Quebec, C..E., and at
Amherst (Ms.) Academy. He was grad«
uated at Yale College in 1824, He then
taught the Academy at Franklin, Md., at
the same time pursuing theological studies
imder the direction of the Presbytery of
Baltimore, from which, in October, 1826,
he received license to prcaeh the gospel.



WhUe Principal of that Academy, he
published "Elements of English Oiaci'
mar ; with an Appendix containing Exer-
cises in Parsing, Examples of False Orthog-
raphy, "Violations of the Rules of Syntax,
Exercises in Punctuation, and Questions
for Examination." Baltimore : Cushing &
Jewett, 1827, pp. 220. 12mo.

This work was characterized by an emi-
nent teacher as ** better adapted to the
present state of American literature than
any other yet published."

He preached a year and a half as a licen-
tiate, and was then ordained to the work
of the ministry by the Presbytery of Balti-
more. He labored as a missionary in Fred-
erick County, Md., about two years. In
1830, he became Principal of Hairisburgt
(Pa.) Academy, at the same time suppljring
a neighboring Church. In 1831, he went
to Princeton Theological Seminary, where
he spent two years in study, and preached
regularly to vacant churches. In October
1833, he was appointed Assistant Professor
of Biblical Literature during Prof. Alexan-
der's absence in Europe. In 1835, he went
to Melbourne, C. E., where he labored



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tiireo years as a missionary, and gathered a
floiuishing Church. About the first of
May, 1840, he commenced preaching at
Hardwick, Yt., and on the 7th of July,
1841, he was installed pastor of the Cong.
Chxurch and Society in that place. During
his pastorate at Hardwick he published
** Five Discourses on the Moral Obligation
and the Particular Duties of the Sabbath."
Hanoyer, N. H. William A. Buggies,
1843, pp. 160, 16mo.

This is a concise but satisfactory discus-
sion of the subject, and contains as good a
Sabbath Manual as is to be found. His
last literary labor was a revision of this
work, to be published by the American
Tract Society, but the work was left un-
finished. He was dismissed from his pas-
torate in Hardwick, May 1st, 1843.

In 1846, he took charge of the Congrega-
tional Church in Bamet, Vt., and preached
statedly tin 1851, when he retired from
that charge, but continued to reside in
Bamet, employed as a teacher and an oc-
casional supply for destitute churches.
During his residence in Bamet he held the
offices of Town Clerk and County Super-
intendent of Common Schools. In 1855,
he became stated supply of the Church in
Craftsbury, Yt., where he remained till the
Fall of 1857. The death of his wife, which
occurred Aug. 7th, 1857, after a protracted
illness, gave him a shock which completely
prostrated him, mentally and physically.
The following memorandum in his diary
was made at that time : « Aug. 8th. Yes-
terday at 8, P. M., my most tenderly be-
loved wife, Julia, departed from this world,
I now feel like a lonely pilgrim in a dark
world. Oh Lord ! help me to bear this
heavy load. Give me grace meekly to
submit to thy chastening stroke." He at-
tempted to resume his labors, but was une-
qual to the effort, and remained at Crafts-
bury but a short time. The last entry in
his diary, under date of Sept. 27th, 1857,
is as follows: «Am exceedingly feeble,
prostrated both in mind and body. Oh
Lord ! help ! or I sink." His last agoniz-
ing cry was unanswered, for he had finish-
ed the work which the Master had given
him to do. He soon went to a brother's
in Stanstead, C. £., and remained tiU



March, 1858, when it was found expedient
to remove him to the Yermont Asylum
for the Insane at Brattleboro'. Here, un-
der the care of the Superintendent, Dr.
Wm. H. Kockwell, his classmate at Yale,
he continued till his death. His remains
were conveyed to Stanstead, and buried
among his kindred.

Mr. Hubbard married, 1st, in 1832,
Mary T. Gray don, daughter of Wm. Gray-
don, of Harrisburg, Pa. She died in 1834,
and he married, 2d, in 1837, Julia Ann
Hayes, daughter of Rev. Joel Hayes, of
South Hadley, Ms.

Fervent piety and thorough scholarship
combined to rdider Mr. Hubbard a fiidth-
fal and able minister of the New Testa-
ment. His views of divine truth were
dear and strong, his manner of presenting
them forcible and impressive. His sermons
were logical and weighty with matter. In
delivering them, he was somewhat con-
strained at first, till he forgot himself in
his subject, when he preached vrith an en-
ergy and unction, which if it was not elo-
quence, was better than that. His sensi-
bilities were acute, almost to morbidness,
and he sometimes suffered severely from
trials and annoyances incident to min-
isterial life, which a ruder nature would
have endured with contemptuous indiffer-
ence. He had a warm, affectionate, and
sympathizing heart, which fitted him suc-
cessfully to minister to others the consola-
tion which he could not receive in his own
afflictions. His praise is in all the
churches with which he labored, and he
will long be kept in memory as the fSnithftd
pastor, the earnest preacher, the ardent
friend. p. h. w.



ELTHU WOLCOTT, lately a Deacon
in the Congregational Church, Jacksonville,
Bl., died at his residence, Dec. 2, 1858, in
his 75th year. He is entitled to a memo-
rial here, as one of the founders of that
Westcm Congregationalism, which has ris-
en in his day from its fcebie beginnings, to
its present strength and promise. He was
bom in East (now South) Windsor, Ct.,
and, in the year 1830, he removed with his
large family to the "West, having chosen
for his friture home the village of Jackson-



VOL. I.



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yille, which had just been Beleoted as the
site of Blinois Ck>llege, and which has be-
come the pleasantest town in the state, and
the appropriate seat of its humane Institu-
tiona, and of various educational enter'*
prises.

He was attached to the Congregational
polity with the force of religious conTiction,
though devoid of proselytism and sectari-
amsm ; wishing others to enjoy their prefer-
enoes as freely as he claimed the right to
gratify his own. He early enlisted in a moye-
ment for the origination of a Congregational
Church ; and for his leading agency in this
measure he was severely censured by his
Presbyterian brethren, (some of wham had
been trained as Congregationalists,) who
regarded the new Church as an intruder in
the field. There were then only two
churches of this order in the State, or near-
er to that point than the north-east part of
Ohio. There are now 161 Congregational
Churches reported in Ilinois ; and let the
present position of the Church in Jackson*
yille, as one of the moral forces of the re-
gion, decide whether its founders misjudged
in this step ! If all the sons of New Eng-
land Congregationalism, who have gone
out to lay the spiritual foundations of the
Great West, had cherished the faith of
their Fathers as earnestly, and carried it
out as consistently, can we doubt that our
common Christianity would have been un-
unspeakably the gainer ?

Mr. Wolcott's sympathy with the cause
of freedom and humanity was earnest and
thorough, and the weak and oppressed
found in him a steadfast protector and
benefactor. In the assembly that came to-
gether at his funeral, it was impressive to
see BO many of the poor Portuguese exiles
and colored people, who seemed to appre-
ciate the loss of their best friend in the
community. The service was conducted
by Rev. J. M. Sturtevant, D. D., President
of ULinois College, (who had preceded him
but a year in the territory,) to whom we
are indebted foi^ the following tribute to
the deceased — being the substance of a part
of his remarks on the above occasion.

" Three traits of character seem to me to
have distinguished our departed friend —
intuitive insight and discernment of prin-



ciples ; the power of giving his qpinians a
concise, lucid, and often irresistible expres-
sion in language ; and an inflexible stead-
fastness in adhering to his convictioDs, in
whatever circumstances, and at whatever
cost. In his modes of life and the charac-
ter of his education, he ranked as a man of
business rather than a man of study ; in his
modes of thought and the style of his con-
versation, a person unacquainted with his
history would have placed him among
scholars and philosopl^ers. Pew men eva
used the English language in conversation,
with greater purity and ^slicity than he.
But eminent above all merely intellectaal
traits was his unbounding adhesion to his
convictions. Opposing public opinion*
however overwhelming in its numbers, snd
however clamorous and imperative in its
tone, did not move, nor even disturb him.
He was not at all ambitious of the world's
honors or praises ; he was not even ambi-
tious of being a man of influence. It wu
enough for him that he saw a truth clearly,
that he eiy'oyed the luxury of giving it dear
and forcible utterance, that he should stead-
ily adhere to it to the last, and that, sooner
or later, it must prevail and overbear aU
opposition. Whether we hold all the opin-
ions of our deceased friend or not, 'we
should all unite around his open grave in
thanksgiving to God, that we have had one
man in the midst of us who was willing to
stand above and sufler obloquy, rather than
be disloyal to his convictions of truth and
right ; one man whose opinions were nerer
in the market, and were formed, and hdd,
and expressed, without the sli^test regard
to their bearing on his temporal interests.
Such examples the American people need
more, perhaps, than any other. Many per-
sons seem to regard the utterance of an un-
popular sentiment as a crime. Mr. Wolcott
had formed his character in a very dilTerent
school of morals. And we should unite in
honoring the noble example which in this
respect he has set us, however we may dif-
fer in respect to the truth of those opinion£>
which he maintained with so much steady
consistency."

His last sickness was brief, and he Bank
peacefully to his rest — the serenity of which
seemed to linger on his oountensncc.



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How mild to the righteous is the dawn of
immortality ! How calm the sleep of
death ! — ^Eight of his deven children survive
him ; his oldest son is in the ministry.



Rev. SAMUEL AUSTIN WORCES-
TER, who died among the Cherokees on the
29th of last April, was horn at Worcester,
Jan. 19, 1798. He was son of Bev. Leon-
ard Worcester, who, the year after the birth
of this son, was ordained pastor of the Con-
gregational Church in Feacham, Vt. He
became a subject of gmce in early life ; was
graduated at Burlington in 1819, and at
Andoyer in 1828 ; was ordained as a mis-
sionary of the American Board to the Cher-
okees in Aug. 1825, and, two days after,
started for that field of labor, where he
prosecuted the missionary work with great
ardor till 1831, when the well known diffi-
culties in which the Board became inyolyed
with the State of Georgia, brought him into
the pMtentiary at MiUedgerille, where he
illustrated the spirit of primitive Christian-
ity by suffering imprisonment for con-
dence's sake sixteen months. Released
at length, in the spring of 1825, he removed
his residence west of the Mississippi,
where a portion of the despoiled Cherokees
had gone, to be subsequently rejoined by
the rest. Here in humble and assiduous
toil, he passed the remnant of his life,
which terminated, April 29, 1859, at the
age of 61 years.

Mr. Worcester was a man of integrity^
using that term in its widest sense. Pro-
verbially honest, he never even seemed to
take advantage of those with whom he
dealt. His judgment was eminently soimd
and practical. An opinion once formed,
whether upon matters of public policy, or
or private interest, seldom needed revision.
And this was because he tried all questions
at the bar of conscience, and of God's word.
"Is it right?— To the Law, and to the
Testimony." And in adhering to principles
thus settled, he exibited a remarkable degree
of moral courage.

Of his intellectual habits it is perhaps
enough to say, that he could seize with
great readiness the strong points of a sub-
ject, and present them clearly, logically,
and concisely. His mental armory was so



well furnished, and his faculties so well
trained, that he was rarely found unpre-
pared, or off his guard.

For the work oitranaloHon he had peculiar
qualifications. Patient, cautious, critical,
persevering, he has spent hours in the ex-
amination of a doubtfU word or phrase, in
the endeavor to render precisely <* the mind
of the Spirit," where the idioms of the lan-
guage forbade the ambiguity of the original.
His constant aim was to tranelate, not to
paraphrase nor comment. To furnish this
people with the word of God in their own
tongue was the ardent desire of his heart,
and the object of his fisuthfiil toil — the
wish he most Idnged to realise, to which he
dung longer than to any thing else, and
which called forth his latest energies.

As a preacher he was discriminating, sim-
ple, earnest, tender, evangelical. The one
thing that he always made prominent was,
« salvation through the atoning blood of a
crucified Redeemer." Whatever might be
the general topic of his discourse, he never
Jailed to introduce the cross of Christ.
Whoever heard him preach once, heard
enough to show him how he might be saved.

[For a fuller sketch of his life and labors,
see Journal of Missions for July.]



Rev. OTIS THOMPSON died in North
Abington, Ms., June 29th, 1859.

He was the son of Nathaniel Thompson,
and was bom in Middleboro', Ms., Sept.
14th, 1776. He graduated at Brown Uni-
versity, in 1798. The two years following
his graduation, he fiUed the office of tutor
in College, was ordained over the church in
Rehoboth,Ms.,Sept. 24, 1800; and continued
in that connection till his dismission Oct.
30, 1832. In 1840, he took charge of a
church in Litchfield, Herkimer Co., N. Y.,
which charge he relinquished in 1849, and
subsequently removed to North Abington.

The following brief obituary is an extract
firom a sermon preached at the ftmeral of
Rev. Mr. Thompson, by Rev. Jonas Per-
kins. Text 2 Timothy i : 12, «« For I know
whom I have believed, and am persuaded
that he is able to keep that which I have
committed unto him, against that day."
Similar sentiments to what these words
express were uttered by this aged minister



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of Christ near the close of his life. To the
remark, <* Sir, you have uniformly preach-
ed the doctrine that it is by the grace of
God through Christ that men are saved,"
he replied : <* Yes, I have always preached
that ; have always belieyed it ; and I feel
its truth more and more." The doctrines
of grace he regarded as the sincere milk of
the word, the genial aliment of the belie-
Tor's spiritual life. His published dis-
courses evince that he had clear concep-
tions of these doctrines, that he aimed to
present them in the most lucid manner,
and that he had w iignlfty ability to vindi-
cate them.

During his ministry he si^>eiintended
the theological studies of fifteen candidates
for the sacred office. Those who enjoyed
his aid as a theological instructor had oc-
casion gratefully to bear testimony to his^
suavity and kindness of manner, his well
systematized method, his discriminating
elucidation of doctrine, the wisdom of his
coimsels, and his reverence for the Word
of God as the only infallible standard c^
religious truth. He was a worthy pattern
of Christian urbanity and dignity, blended
with modesty and affability. He was
•* courteous," ** meek," yet ** mighty in
the Scriptures,"

His publications consist of a periodical
— the Hapkimian Magazine — ^four volumes;
a volume of Sermons, Doctrinal and Prac-
tical ; a Review of Rev. Thonxas Andros'
Essay on Divine Efficiency ; and numerous
ordination and other occasional discourses.
«• These works show the author to have
been an acute metaphysical thinker, a dis-
criminating writer, and a thorough, con-
sistent Hopkinsian, who understood his
position and definitions, and le^ no obsta-
cles to prevent others from doing the
same."



Rev. CHRISTOPHER MARSH died in
Sanford, Me., June 30, 1859.

He was a native of Campton, N. H.,
bom August 4, 1794. His boyhood he
passed upon a fBum, where his life, it seemed
probable, was to be spent. Circumstances
led him to the study of medicine, in which
he had progressed to some extent, when, at
the age of 21, he was converted. He im-



mediately began to fit for College, that be
might become a preacher of Christ and Hid
crucified; worked and struggled his way
along, and was ready in a year ; graduated
at Dartmouth CoUege in 1820; studied
theology under private instmctiaoL ; and
was ordained, June 4, 1823, over the Chuich
in Sanford, Me., where, after years (^ sepa-
ration, he was finally to vest from his
labors.

He remained in Sanford but six or sevoi
years, removing to Biddeford, He., where
he was again settled. From that place,
removing to the vicinity of Boston, he ws»
the first Secretary and General Agent of
the Massachusetts Sabbath School Society.
Returning to direct ministerial labor, he
gathered^ at West Roxbury, what is now



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