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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



THE ROSE GODDESS

AND OTHER SKETCHES OF MYSTERY
AND ROMANCE



BY THE SAME AUTHOR

THREE GENERATIONS OF
FASCINATING WOMEN

AND OTHER SKETCHES FROM
FAMILY HISTORY

With I Photogravure Plate and 66 Collotype
Portraits and other Illustrations.

Crown 4to, 31s. 6d. net.

SWALLOWFIELD AND ITS
OWNERS

With 15 Photogravure Portraits and 37 other
Illustrations.

Crown 4to, 42s. net.



LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO.

LONDON, NEW YORK, BOMBAY, AND CALCUTTA




Grorgiana Lrnnox afterwards Countbss Bathurst.
(From nil engraving at Swallowfield by Baitoloz/i, after Sir Thomas Lawrence, R.A.)



the ROSE GODDESS and
OTHER SKETCHES OF
MYSTERY ^ ROMANCE



BY



LADY RUSSELL

AUTHOR OF "three GENERATIONS OF FASCINATING WOMEN '
"SWALLOWFIELD AND US OWNERS"



WITH 28 collotype: plates and

22 OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS



LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO.

39 PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON

NEW YORK, BOMBAY, AND CALCUTTA

I9IO

All rii'hts reserved






The writer has been guided in the selection of the

subjects for these sketches not always by the intrinsic

interest of the stories themselves, but by the fact that in

each of them, one or more of the characters are either

nearly or remotely connected with her family, so that

although several of them are old stories re-told, she has

been enabled from private sources to add some intimate

particulars.

Many of the illustrations are not generally known to

the public, and are produced in this form for the first

time.

CONSTANCE RUSSELL.

SWALLOWFIELD PaRK,

Reading.



CONTENTS



The Rose Goddess, or The Philosopher's Love

The Real Louise de Keroualle ....

" Che Sara, Sara," or Four Tragedies in One Family

Robin Adair, or The Fortunate Irishman

The Strange Disappearance of a Diplomat : An

Unsolved Mystery ......

The Captive Princesses ......

" The Peasant Peeress " .

Two Brave Grizels : Grizel Hume and Grizel

Cochrane ........

A Huguenot Family ......

A Strange Miscarriage of Justice ....

Our Polish Cousins .......

A Left-handed Marriage and Something about our

Palatine Relations ......

The Faithful Wyndhams .....

A Loyal Heart .......

The Brazier and the Earl .....

The Merchant of the Ruby and the White Rose
"The Queen of Man" ......

Pedigree To face page

Appendix ..........

Index ...........



I

72
87

92
116
141

U7
165
181
186

202
215
225
231
238
251

268
269
279



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS



Georgiana Lennox, afterwards Countess
Bathurst .......

From an Engraving at Szvallorvfield by Bartolozzi, after
Sir Thomas Lawrence, R.A.



Frontispiece



The Residency at Hyderabad

From a Water-colour Drawing at Swallowfield.



To face page 2



Mrs. Phillipps (" Kitty " Kirkpatrick)

From a Miniature by Chalons.



16



GuiLLAUME de Penancoet, Comte de Keroualle

From a Picture in the possession of the DUKE OF Richmond

at Goodwood.



24



Henriette, Duchesse d'Orleans (" Madame ")

From a Picture by Henri Gascar, belonging to the Duke of
Richmond.



32



Louise de Keroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth

From a Painting by HENRI Gascar, in the possession of
Lord Talbot de Malahide.



36



Louise de Keroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth,
WITH her Son, the First Duke of Richmond

From a Picture by Henri Gascar, belonging to the Duke of
Richmond.



40



List of Illustrations

Charles Lennox, First Duke of Richmond,

AS A Child To face page 42

From a Mettotint at Swallowfield by R. Williams, afUr

WiSSING.

Duchess of Portsmouth ..... >» 44

From an Engraving by S. FREEMAN, afterSxv Peter Lely.

Louise de Kj^roualle, Duchess of Portsmouth „ 46

From a Portrait by Sir Peter Lely. in the possession of the
Duke of Richmond at Goodwood.

Charles IL ...... . ,,48

From a Painting by Sir Peter Lely, R.A. , belonging to
the Duke of Richmond.

Duchess of Portsmouth ..... » 50

From the Painting by Pierre Mignard, in the A'ational
Portrait Gallery.

Charles Lennox, First Duke of Richmond . „ 58

From a Mezzotint at Swalloufield by I. Faber, after the
Painting hy Sir GODFREY Kneller (1731).

Louise, Countess of Berkeley .... „ 60

From a Picture by Sir GODFREY Kneller, belonging to the
Duke of Richmond.

Anne, First Duchess of Richmond . . ,,62

From a Painting by Sir Godfrey Kneller, belonging to the
Duke of Richmond.

Margaretta Cecilia, First Countess Cadogan „ 62

From a Painting by Sir Godfrey Knellkr, belonging to
the Duke of Richmond.

Charles Lennox, Second Duke of Richmond „ 64

From a Picture by Sir Godfrey Kneller, belonging to the
Duke of Richmond.

X



List of Illustrations

Sarah, Second Duchess of Richmond . . To face page 66

From a Painting by Sir GODFREY K.NELLER, belonging to the
Duke of Richmond.



Lady Elizabeih Keppel, afterwards Mar-
chioness OF Tavistock .....

From a Mezzotint at Swallowfield by Fisher, after Sir
Joshua Reynolds, R.A.



Lady Caroline Adair

From a Picture by Sir JOSHUA REYNOLDS, P. R.A.



72



Francis Russell, Fifth Duke of Bedford,
Lord John Russell (afterwards Sixth Duke
of Bedford), Lord William Russell,
AND Miss Henrietta Vernon (afterwards
Countess of Warwick) .... ,,76

From a Mezzotint at Swallowfield by V. Green, 1778, after
Sir Joshua Reynolds, P. R.A.

Georgina, Duchess of Bedford, Daughter of

Alexander, Fourth Duke of Gordon . „ 78

From a Miniature by R. COSWAY, R.A.

Hon. Richard Edgcumbe, Lord William

Russell, Lady Caroline Spencer . . „ 86

From an Engraving after a Painting by } . ROBERTS, 1778.



90



Miss Rose Bathurst ..... ,,114

From a Miniature belonging to Colonel JOSCELIN BaGOT.

Sarah, Marchioness of Exeter ("The Peasant

Peeress") ,,144

From a Miniature by R. CoswAY, R.A.

Robert Baillie of Jerviswood ... „ 148

From " The Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen "
(Blackie &= Son).

xi



List of Illustrations

Jean Orace de Pechels To face page i68

From a Drawing after the Picture by Pierre Mignard.

Captain Mark Kerr Pechell ... „ i8o

Front a Photograph by Mayall.

Captain Charles Kerr Pechell ... „ i8o

From a Photograph by'WWKXA..



Capt. Sir John Johnston, Third Bart., of
Caskieben .......



From an old Woodcut.



Heidelberg Castle .

From an old Print at Swallozvfield.



182



George Gordon, Second Marquis of Huntly „ 188

From a Picture by George Jameson belonging to the Duke
OF Richmond.

Anne, Marchioness of Huntly, daughter of

the Seventh Earl of Argyll ... ,,190

From a Picture by GEORGE JAMESON belonging to the Duke
OF Richmond.

Elizabeth, Princess Palatine .... „ 204

From a Painting by Gerard Honthorst in the National
Portrait Gallery.

King Charles II. and Elizabeth, Princess

Palatine, his Cousin, dancing at The Hague „ 206

From an Engraving by G. F. Harding, F.S.A., after the
Painting by G. Janssens in the Collection at Windsor
Castle.

Karl Ludwig, Elector Palatine of the Rhine „ 210

From an Engraving by HoLI.AR, after Vandyck.



21 I



XU



List of Illustrations

Marie Luise Susanne, Baroness von Degenfeldt To face page 212

From a Portrait at Heide'lbtrg.

Madam Anne Wyndham, as a Child . . „ 218

From a Mezzotint at Swallo-wfield^ [rare) by Cooper, after

WiSSING.

Sir Nicholas Crispe, Bart. .... ,j 226

From an old Print at Swallowfield.

Bath : Old Roman Bath before Restoration „ 230

Reproduced from the " Bath Pictorial."

Bath : The King's Bath and Mineral Spring,

SHOWING John Rivett's Ring ... „ 230

Reproduced from the " Bath Pictorial."

Jerome Weston, Second Earl of Portland, K.G. „ 232

From an Engraving at Swallowfield by Hollar, after
Vandyck.

Frances Stuart, Second Countess of Portland,

DAUGHTER OF EsME StUART, DuKE OF LeNNOX „ 234

From an Engraving at Swalluiifield by W. HOLLAK, after
Vandyck.

Equestrian Statue of Charles 1. at Charing

Cross, by Hubert le Sueur .... „ 236

From an old Print at Swallowfield.

Jerome Weston, Second Earl OF Portland, K.G. ,, 236

From a Portrait at Swallowfield by Mirevett.

Perkin Warbeck ...... „ 244

From an old Print.

xiii



List of Illustrations

Charlotte Brabantine de Nassau, daughter

OF William the Silent .... To face page 250

James Stanley, Seventh Earl of Derby, K.G.,

AND Charlotte, Countess of Derby . . ,,254

From an Engraving at Swallowjield after the Painting by
Vandyck.

Liverpool in 1680 ...... „ 260

From an Engraving by JOHN Eyes.

James Stanley, Seventh Earl of Derby, K.G. „ 262

From the Portrait in the National Portrait Gallery.



XIV



THE ROSE GODDESS, OR THE
PHILOSOPHER'S LOVE

Made tjnmortal by a kiss. — Carlyle.

For many years there hung on the walls of Swallowfield a
beautiful large oil painting by Chinnery, R.A., of two Eastern
children, a boy and girl, life size, in Indian dress, descending
a broad marble staircase. The colouring was rich, the whole
picture very pleasing and highly decorative, and Sir Henry
Russell and his family valued it extremely. In an evil day
for them, a lady from Devonshire, Mrs. Phillipps by name, who
was paying a visit in the neighbourhood,^ came over to Swallow-
field, and asked to see this picture. Being shown it she was
much affected and shed floods of tears, for she was the little
girl portrayed by Chinnery. The boy was her brother, who was
dead, and the staircase was the entrance to her beautiful home
in India, which she had never seen since she was a child. Sir
Henry was so touched that he said the picture should be hers,
and notwithstanding the remonstrances of his family he left
it to her in his will, and at his death, in 1852, it was sent
to Mrs. Phillipps in Devonshire, where it still is in the house
of one of her descendants. There remains at Swallowfield only
an autotype taken from the picture, which gives no idea of the

1 Mrs. Phillipps was staying with Mrs. Clive at Barkham Manor in the
summer of 1846.

A



The Rose Goddess

charm of the original, so much of which was dependent on its
colouring. The little boy, one can see, was handsome, but it is
difficult to realise that the somewhat puffy-faced little girl, as
reproduced in the autotype, should have developed into the
beauty immortalised by Carlyle as his " Rose Goddess " and the
" Blumine " of Sartor Resartus — yet such was the case.

The history of the picture is associated with an Eastern
romance. In 176 1 Colonel James Kirkpa trick, a cadet of the
ancient family of Kirkpatrick of Closeburn, who was a cavalry
leader of experience in the Madras army, married at Fort St.
George, Katharine, daughter of Andrew Monro, Esq. They
returned to England in 1779 and settled at Holydale,^ Keston,
near Bromley, in Kent, bringing with them their three little
sons, all of whom were destined to make their mark in Indian
history. But it is in the eldest, James Achilles Kirkpatrick, that
we are specially interested. Born in 1764, he became a most
brilliant soldier, and was known in India by the name of
" Husherrat Jung," or the " Glory of Battle." He was equally
eminent as an able administrator, and in 1797 he replaced his
brother William (who was invalided home) as Resident at the
court of Hyderabad, with an income of ;^20,ooo a year. During
the nine years that he held this post, he successfully conducted
many important negotiations and rendered valuable services to
the Government under Lord Wellesley. He brought Akbar
Ally Khan, the Nizam '^ of Hyderabad, into alliance with the
British power ; and this potentate built for him the beautiful
palace which has ever since been called the Residency. It was
erected by an English engineer, and is a magnificent building,

* Holydale was sold by Colonel Kirkpatrick to Lord Derby.

2 "The Nizam" was a title introduced and only used by Europeans. His own
subjects called him "The Nabob," and his official designation was " Soubadar of
the Deckan."

2




!; ^.



> Q;

5 $



X



The Rose Goddess

with a staircase which was then the finest in India. The
Residency stands in the midst of ornamental gardens, and
communicates with the Nizam's palace by a bridge of eight
arches of granite. The Prime Minister, Meer Allum, who had
represented the Nizam with the British Government, was of
Persian blood ; born at Aurangabad, he was a Barmecide, or
Saiad — that is to say, a descendant of Mahomet — and possessed
extraordinary talent.^ He had a great-niece, the granddaughter
of his brother, Akil ood Dov/lah, and the daughter of the Begum
Shurf oon Nissa,^ who was called Khyr oon Nissa,^ and was
very beautiful. Although barely fourteen years of age, she
fell desperately in love with the handsome Colonel, and told
him so. Her first medium of communication was an old
woman, who called on the Resident no less than three times
to tell him of the young Begum's favourable feelings towards
himself, and three times did Colonel Kirkpatrick send her
away without any words that were gratifying to her young
mistress. Then one evening, when he was sitting alone, the
door opened behind him, and a thickly-veiled figure glided in,
and coming before him rapidly unveiled and disclosed the
beauteous form and face of Khyr oon Nissa.

In a letter to his brother, to whom he confided everything,

^ Mr. Russell, the Resident at Hyderabad, says : "Of all the natives I ever
knew, Meer Allum had an understanding the most nearly approaching to the
vigour and comprehension of European minds. He was unquestionably a man
of great talents for public business. His income amounted on an average to
Rs. 1,718,344 per annum, paid by a commission on the revenues.''

* Shurf oon Nissa means "the noblest of women."

^ Khyr oon Nissa (also written Khair oon Nissa) means "the best of women."
Sir Henry Russell said that, unlike as the two may look in writing, there is very
little difiference in pronunciation between Khyr oon Nissa and the Greek
Charonice. Mrs. Mohun Harris, her granddaughter, has a miniature of her in
an Indian dress of folded white muslin and figured red trousers. Her hair, which
was auburn, was dyed black.



The Rose Goddess

Colonel Kirkpatrick thus describes the event : " I did once
safely pass the fiery ordeal of a long nocturnal interview with
the charming object of the present letter. It was this interview
I alluded to as the one when I had a full and close survey of
her lovely person : it lasted during the greater part of the
night, and was evidently contrived by the grandmother and
mother, whose very existence hung on hers, to indulge her
uncontrollable wishes. ... I, who was but ill qualified for the
task, attempted to argue the romantic young creature out of a
passion which I could not, I confess, help feeling myself some-
thing more than pity for. She declared to me again and again
that her affections had been irrevocably fixed on me for a
series of time, that her fate was linked to mine, and that she
should be content to pass her days with me as the humblest
of handmaids. These effusions you may possibly be inclined to
treat as the ravings of a distempered mind, but when I have
time to impart to you the whole affecting tale, you will then
at least allow her actions to have accorded fully with her
declarations."

A few days after this interview. Colonel Kirkpatrick received
a letter asking him to go to the house where the ladies lived ;
which he did, and the young princess, " in melting accents,"
renewed her protestations, and said that if he did not take her
she would be forced to marry her cousin, whom she hated.
All this was in the presence of her grandmother, who added her
entreaties to those of her granddaughter, and as Colonel Kirk-
patrick said to his brother, he would "have been something
more or less than man to have held out any longer. . . ." They
were married by civil contract, according to the Mahometan law,
and the Begum lived in a zenana adjoining the Residency, which
the Colonel had fitted up with every luxury and embellished

4



The Rose Goddess

with many paintings. A portion of the grounds attached to the
Residency still goes by the name of " The Begum's Garden."
*' This alliance," we read, " caused no little stir and scandal, and
Lord Wellesley contemplated superseding the Resident in con-
sequence ; but Colonel Kirkpatrick's great public services and
the importance of his personal influence at a critical period
condoned his fault."

Two children were born to Colonel Kirkpatrick and his
Begum wife. They were not christened at Hyderabad, but when
they were about four or five years old the ceremony was per-
formed in England, where they were sent to Colonel Kirk-
patrick's father to be brought up. The boy was given the name
of William George,^ and the little girl was called " Katharine
Aurora." It was shortly before their departure that Chinnery,
R.A., who was then in India, painted the picture before alluded
to. Colonel Kirkpatrick and the Begum went to Madras to
see the last of their children, who had an English nurse, and who
were also put under the charge of a Mrs. Ure (the wife of the
English surgeon at Hyderabad) during the voyage, which in
those days lasted six months. The poor mother had not got
over the shock of parting with her children when she was called
upon to meet a still greater one. Her husband went on to
Calcutta, to confer with Lord Cornwallis, the Governor-General,
and died there on the 15th October 1805, at the age of forty-
one. He was given a public funeral, and there is a monument
raised to his memory in St. John's Church, Calcutta, " erected
by his afflicted father and brothers." The much-stricken Begum,
who was still in her teens, thus deprived almost simultaneously
of her husband and children, went back to her mother at
Hyderabad. Mr. Russell (afterwards Sir Henry), who was then
* William George Kirkpatrick died in August 1828.

5



The Rose Goddess

assistant-secretary under Colonel Kirkpatrick/ and who shortly
after became Resident himself, took much interest in the
future fortunes of the beautiful young Begum. After a time,
by his advice, she moved to Masulipatam, where Mr. Russell
forwarded the picture of her children when Chinnery had given
it the finishing touches.

The children never saw their mother again, nor did they
ever return to India, though the Begum and her mother wrote
pathetic appeals in the hope of inducing their guardians to send
them out. Probably it was feared that, if once they went there,
the call of the blood might make complications, for we know
that at first the children pined for their native surroundings.
They were brought up by their grandfather at Holydale, near
Bromley, and after his death the girl lived with her married
cousins, first with Lady Louis, and then either with Julia,
Mrs. Strachey, or with Barbara (the godchild of Sir Henry
Russell's wife), who married Charles BuUer, their guardian.

Katharine Aurora Kirkpatrick, commonly called " Kitty,"
who was born in 1802, grew up into a most attractive girl, and
we shall see how close a parallel there was between her story
and that of " Blumine." She was of a very unusual type. " A
singular dear Kitty," as Carlyle calls her, and " peculiar among
all dames and damosels." It was in June 1824, at the house of
his friend, the celebrated Edward Irving, that Carlyle first set
eyes on her, and there can be no doubt that he was greatly struck
with her appearance and attracted by her unusual personality, her
lovely voice, and fascinating manners, as well as by her many
amiable qualities, this attraction not being precluded by his pre-

' Mr. Russell was sent to Hyderabad in 1800 as assistant-secretary with a
salary of ^1200 a year, when he was only sixteen years of age, by Lord Mornington,
who said he was the most promising young man he knew.

6



The Rose Goddess

occupation with Miss Jane Welsh. This is how he alludes to
his first meeting with Miss Kirkpatrick. : " Entry of a strangely
complexioned young lady, with soft brown eyes and floods of
bronze-red hair,^ a pretty-looking, smiling, and amiable, though
most proper, bit of magnificence and kindly splendour whom they
welcomed by the name of ' dear Kitty ' — a very singular dear
Kitty who seemed bashful withal." In the chapter of Sartor
entitled " Romance," Carlyle obviously describes the same
incident : " He finds himself presented to the party and especi-
ally by name to — Blumine. Peculiar among all dames and
damosels glanced Blumine there in her modesty like a star
among earthly lights." ^ For nearly two years before this meet-
ing Carlyle had constantly heard her mentioned, and her praises
sung, not only by the Edward Irvings, on whom she lavished
kindnesses, but by her cousins in whose family he lived.
" Blumine was a name well-known to him ; far and wide was
the fair one heard of."

In the spring of 1822, when the struggling and unknown
young philosopher was twenty-five years of age, he had obtained,
through the recommendation of Edward Irving, the post of tutor
to Miss Kirkpatrick's cousins, the three young sons of Charles
Buller, her guardian, with a salary of £100 a year, which was
a god-send to him in those days ; but in June 1824 he gave up
tutoring and went as a guest to the Irvings' house at Pentonville.

* Her hair was a very uncommon colour and unlike that of any European. She
herself said it was supposed to be peculiar to the Persian royal family from which
her mother sprung : the latter had the same coloured hair but stained it black.
Miss Kirkpatrick's hair, which was naturally curly and wavy, was of a deep auburn
colour, and when she was young it gleamed in the sun with a bright metallic lustre.

^ Carlyle several times applies the term of modestj', in the sense of bashfulncss,
to "Blumine" and to Kitty. This quality was always a leading characteristic of
Miss Kirkpatrick's, and certainly Miss Welsh's greatest admirers could not say it
was one of hers !



The Rose Goddess

On his arrival there he was greeted with praises of Miss
Kirkpatrick, for she had just overwhelmed them with gratitude
and delight. When Irving took No, 7 Myddelton Terrace, he
was too poor to furnish his drawing-room, and on the first
occasion of a temporary absence of himself and his wife, Kitty
spent ^500 on fitting it up and adding some extra comforts to
the somewhat barren house. No wonder that there was much
talk about her ! Soon Carlyle saw her again in the flesh ; this
was at Goodenough House, the Stracheys' country-house at
Shooter's Hill, a pretty little place, famed for its roses — their
variety and their abundance. A fit setting for the Rose Goddess,
and where Carlyle saw " the effulgent vision of dear Kitty among
the roses and almost buried under them." Writing long after
of her appearance at this date, he says : —

" Kitty was charming in her beautiful Begum sort, had
wealth abundant and might perhaps have been charmed none
knows. She had one of the prettiest smiles — a visible sense
of humour — the slight merry curl of the upper lip (left side
only), the carriage of her head and eyes on such occasions, the
quaint little things she said in that kind, and her low-toned,
hearty laugh were noticeable. This was perhaps her most
spiritual quality ; of developed intellect she had not much
though not wanting in discernment : amiable, affectionate, grace-
ful, not slim enough for the title pretty, not tall enough for
beautiful, and something low-voiced languidly harmonious,
loved perfumes, &c., a half Begum, in short an interesting
specimen of the semi-oriental Englishwoman."

To his father Carlyle wrote about Kitty in a more prosaic
strain : —

" The young Miss Kirkpatrick, with whom I was already
acquainted, is a very pleasant, meritorious person — one of the

8



The Rose Goddess

kindest and most modest I have ever seen. Though hand-
some and young, and sole mistress of ^^ 50,000/ she is meek
and unassuming as a Httle child ; she laughs in secret at the
awkward extravagance of the Orator (Ed. Irving), yet she
loves him as a good man, and busies herself with nothing so
much as discharging the duties of hospitality to us all."

One cannot help thinking that Carlyle may then have had
airy visions of a time when possibly Kitty might be something
more to him than an unattainable star, and that he purposely
painted her to his homely parents in the light that would most
appeal to them — dilating upon her kindness, her modesty, her
housekeeping qualities, and — her ^^50,000!

During the autumn of 1824 Miss Kirkpatrick and Carlyle
were much thrown together. She and the Stracheys rented a
house at Dover,^ and thither came the Edward Irvings and the
Philosopher, and then we hear of wanderings on the beach


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