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tered out June 29, 1865.

Oscar Allen. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865 ; mustered
out with regiment.

John Chrisman. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865 ; mus-
tered out with regiment,

Judah Macy. Muslered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865; mus-
tered out with regiment.

Henry T. Stevens. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865;
mustered out with regiment.

Samuel Sadler. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865 ; mus-
tered out with regiment.

Elijah Roberts. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865; mus-
tered out with regiment.

Theodore D. Woodruff. Mustered in Co. I, 193d luf.. Mar. 9, 1865;
mustered out with regiment.

John H. Olmstead. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865;
promoted to non-commissioned officer ; mustered out with regi-
ment.

James L. Knollin. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865;
pro. to non-commissioned officer; mustered out with regiment.

Lyman Learned. Mustered in Co. 1, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865 ; must,
out with regt.

John Lindo. Enl'd in Co. G, 24th Inf., April 29, 1861 ; pro. to Corp.,
March 1, 1862; dis. Jan. 19, 1863; rcmustered March 9, 1865,
in Co. I, 193d Inf.; must, out with regiment.

Henry Dunbar. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865; must,
out with regiment.

Philo Dngget. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865 ; must,
out with regiment.

Martin Philips. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865 ; must,
out with regiment.

Seymour H. Joy. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865 ; must,
out with regiment.

Theodore Macy. Mustered in Co. I, I93d Inf., March 9, 1865 ; must,
out with regiment.

Frank H. Mahaffy. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865;
mustered out with regiment.

William Irwin. Mustered in Co. 1, 193d Inf., March 10, 1865 ; must,
out with regiment.

Lucien Cronk. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., iMarch 12, 1865; died
in hospital at Auburn, N. Y.

C. R. Pond. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 9, 1865; mustered
out with regiment.

James M. Chrisman. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 12, 1865 ;
mustered out with regiment.

James Covey. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 11, 1865; mus-
tered out with regiment.

James Conger. Mustered in Co. I, 193 Inf., March 11, 1865; mus-
tered out with regiment.



Chester Coon. Mustered in Co. I, 19.3d Inf., March 11, 1865; mus
tercd out with regiment.

Thomas D. Smith. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March II, 1865
mustered out with regiment.

Oliver Vanderkuyscn. Mustered in Co. I, 193d Inf., March 10, 1865
mustered out with regiment.

Sewell J. Baldwin. Enlisted in Co. G, 24th Inf., May 1, 1S6I
wounded at South Mountain; mustered out May 29, 1863.

Lorenzo Goodrich. Enlisted in Co. O, 24th Inf., May 3, 1861 ; dis-
charged for disability, July 1, 1861.

Theodore Holmes. Enlisted in Co. 6, 24th Inf , April 27, 1861 ; mus-
tered out May 29, 1863.

Henry C. Martin. Enlisted in Co. G, 24th Inf., Xov. 9, 1861 ; pro-
moted to Corp., May 1, 1863; mustered out May 29, 1803.

Alonzo Spraguc. Enlisted in Co. G, 24th Inf., Nov. 9, 1861 ; dis-
charged for disability, April 9, 1802.

Hollom M. Porter. Enlisted in Co. C, 110th Inf., Aug. 6, 1862;
promoted to corporal, Jan. 4, 1864; mustered out Aug. 28, 1865.

Edward Lampman. Mustered in Co. C, 110th Inf., Aug. 12, 1862.

James H. Curry. Mustered in Co. C, 110th Inf., Aug. 12, 1862.

Minott A. Pruyn. Mustered as 1st liout. Black Horse Cav., autumn
of 1861 ; disbanded with regiment in spring of 1862; rcmustered



1st Mounted Rifle



noted to major; mustered out



with regiment.

Egbert Covey. Private, 14th Inf.

Hiram AUard. Private, 14th Inf.; died in service.

Zadock Kiblin. 7th Bat. Art.

Alpheus Ridgcway. Mu.^tored in Co. E, 147th Inf., Sept. 26, 1862.

John M. Wells. Musfd in Co. E, 147th Inf., Sept. 23, 1862; deserted.

Adelbort Hillaker. Mustered in Co. E, 147th Inf., Sept. 23, 1862;
mustered out June 16, 1865.

Thomas Baird. Must'd in Co. E, 147th Inf., Sept. 23, 1862 ; deserted.

John Niigle. Enlisted in Co. G, 24th Inf., Nov. 9, 1861 ; mustered
out May 29, 1863.

Emery T. Williams. Enlisted in Black Horse Cav., Oct., 1861 ; dis-
banded with regt., spring of 1862.

Hamilton Pruyn. Enlisted in Black Horse Cav., Oct., 1861 ; pro-
moted to aergt. ; disbandel with regt., spring of 1862. -

Eugene Wood. Enlisted in Black Horse Cavalry, Oct., 1861 ; dis-
banded with regiment, spring of 1862.

Byron Wilder. Enlisted in Black Horse Cav., Oct., 1861 ; disbanded
with regiment, spring of 1862.

Augustus Learned. Enlisted in 10th Art., Dec. 25, 1863 ; must. out.

Calvin Goodrich. Enlisted in Black Horse Cav., autumn of 1861 ;
disbanded with regiment, spring of 1862.

The following residents of Sandy Creek were not credited to the town,
and their record is therefore very imperfect.

Uri Crocker. Enlisted in the 20th Cav.

David Crocker. Enlisted in 20th Cav.

Martin J. Fuller. Enlisted in 7th Cav. ; died in service.

Ebenezer Jacobs. Enlisted in 101st Inf. ; died in service.

John W. Reynolds. Enlisted in 10th Art.; died in service.

Lyman J. Hall. Enlisted in 94th Inf.; died in service.

Smith S. Bensley. Enlisted in 20lh Cav.; died in service.

Joseph Qlude. Enlisted in 81st Inf. ; died in service.

William Goff. Enlisted in 71st Inf. ; died in service.

Augustus Goff. Died in service.

Geo. Robinson. Died in service.

David Glude. Killed in action.

Edson Weldon. Taken prisoner, and starved to death.

AVilliam Wood. Taken prisoner, and starved to death.

Warner Horton. Taken prisoner, and starved to death.

John M. Weldun. Enlisted in Co. C, 4th Artillery.

John Welch. Enlisted in 10th Art., Sept., 1864; must, out with regt.



GEANBY.



Ghanby is another of the towns that lie on the great
highway of traffic and of war, which in the hast century ran
through the Oneida lake and the Oneida and Oswego rivers.
The important events which tooli place along that route
could not be treated of in a mere sketch of a town, but
have been fully depicted in the general county history with
which this work begins. As in the case of all the other
towns, the modern history of Granby commences with the
first settlement made here by white men.

This, too, as being one of the first in the county, has been
mentioned in the general history, but will be more fully set
forth here. It occurred in the spring of 1792. Before be-
ginning upon purely local matters we will premise that in
1792 what is now Granby was a part of the survey-town-
ships of Hannibal and Lysander, in the Military tract, the
origin of which is described in the general history. The
line between them started at the Oswego river, a few rods
above the falls, and ran due west to the northwest corner of
lot 1, in Lysander, and thence south to the southwest cor-
ner of lot 26 in that township, leaving thirty-three lots of
the survey-township of Ly.sander in a notch between Hanni-
bal and the river. Municipally considered, the territory now
called Granby was then a part of the town of Mexico, in
the county of Herkimer. Herkimer county then comprised
all the central part of the State, with its county-seat at
Whitesboro', in the present county of Oneida, while Mexico
extended to the western bounds of the Jlilitary tract, and
from Lake Ontario nearly to Pennsylvania, most of its in-
habitants living in what is now Onondaga county. The In-
dians had ceded the land to the State, but still roamed over
it fur the purpose of hunting and fishing.

The survey-townships of Hannibal and Lysander had
already been surveyed into lots, comprising about six hun-
dred acres each, which had been distributed to the soldiers
for whom they were designed, or to their assignees. Lot 74,
in Hannibal, adjoining the river at the lower end of the
rapids, had fallen to the gallant General Peter Gansevoort,
the defender of Fort Stanwix. Lot 75, extending from
Gansevoort's tract along the river to the south line of the
township, had been drawn by a soldier named Abraham
Barnes, while another soldier named Seth Jones had
received lot 4 in Lysander, just above the falls.

To the locality just described, came, in the spring of 1792,
Major Lawrence Van Valkenburgh, Captain Henry Bush,
and a Mr. Lay. Captain Bush had purchased lot 74 of
Gansevoort, Major Van Valkenburgh had acquired, or sup-
posed he had, an interest in lot 75, and Mr. Lay had
become the owner of lot 4 in Lysander. They all came
from Stillwater, in what was then Albany county, but is
now Saratoga. They are supposed to have come by water
along the usual route through Oneida lake, but the major



had a yoke of oxen after he got here, which couldn't have
come in that way. Perhaps he bought them at the nearest
settlement, " Salt Point." The men were all unaccompa-
nied by their families, but the major had in his employ two
white men named Schermerhorn and Valentine, and a young
negro slave, commonly called " Har." At least, he was gen-
erally reported to be the major's slave, though some have
said he was not.

After the arrival of the party. Major Van Valkenburgh
set his men to making a dealing, at a spring a little below
the foils. Bush began work near the west end of the pres-
ent lower dam, and Say made a start on lot 4. All of
them soon had log houses erected, that of Bush being quite
a good one. Shortly after the pioneers had thus commenced
operations, a Mr. Olcott came from New York, and began
trading with the Indians in a tent near the foils.

In the course of the season all three of the proprietors
returned to Stillwater, leaving Olcott, Schermerhorn, Val-
entine, and " Har" in full possession of Granby. Soon
after this Schermerhorn suddenly died. His companions
wrapped him in an Indian blanket instead of a shroud,
supplied the place of a coffin with large sheets of bark, and
buried him in some unknown locality, but probably not for
from the major's house. The first funeral in Granby was
certainly sufficiently simple to gratify the most severe taste.

The little colony seemed fated to misfortune. A short
time after Schermerhorn's death Valentine got into an
affray with an Ononddga Indian, either at the major's
house or close by, and struck him with a hoe, inflicting a
mortal wound. Tradition assigns the cause of the conflict
to amorous advances made by the white man to the squaw
of his adversary. All was instantly in confusion. The
rest of the fishing-party to which the dead man had belonged
bore away the body vowing vengeance, which it is somewhat
strange they did not execute on the spot. The colony
scattered. Valentine took the major's oxen and gun to
Oswego, sold them to the British there, and then fled to
Canada. Olcott and the negro started in the opposite
direction.

At Three Kivers point they met Major Van Valken-
burgh on his return. Confident in his skill in managing
the Indians, he continued on his way, taking " Har"
with him ; but we believe Mr. Olcott did not again risk his
merchandise in the unpromising locality around Oswego
falls. The major succeeded in pacifying the Indians,
being assisted by the British commander at Fort Ontario,
who at one time during the trouble sent a small detachment
of soldiers up to the foils to preserve order. In the fall
Major Van Valkenburgh went back to Stillwater (as did
also Lay and Bush, if they came out a second time that
season), leaving Oswego falls entirely uninhabited. Gov-



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



389



ernor Clinton offered a reward for Valentine. He came
back and stood his trial at Whitesboro', which, as before
stated, was the county-seat of Herkimer county. The
people of the Mohawk valley were still enraged over the
injuries inflicted by the Indians during the Revolution, and
it would have been almost impossible to convict a white
man for killing an Indian. Perhaps Valentine acted in
actual self-defense, but at all events he was promptly ac-
quitted. It is said that he came back from Canada (which
he could not have been compelled to do) with the under-
standing that he was to have half the reward paid to his
captor, but that the latter ran off with all the money.

In the spring of 1793, Van Valkenburgh, Bu.sh, and Lay
all returned with their families, and occupied the houses
built the year before. The major's household, besides him-
self, his wife, his youngest son, James, and the negro
" Har," contained, properly speaking, another family, con-
sisting of his son, Abram Van Valkenburgh, and his wife,
Zilpha, a newly-married bride of sixteen. Death was still
active on the shores of the Oswego, and during that season
both jVIr. and Mrs. Lay fell victims to the destroyer.
Shortly afterwards a Mr. Penoyer occupied their place.
The other pioneers continued their improvements and pre-
pared to spend the winter. During one of the first years
of his residence Captain Bush built a barn, which was
afterwards quite celebrated ; being about thirty feet long,
twenty feet wide, and twelve feet high. It was built of
logs over a foot in diameter, and those who afterwards saw
it could not but wonder where Mr. Bush got help enough
to put it up.

In November, 1793, Jlrs. Zilpha Van Valkenburgh gave
birth to a son, who received the name of Lawrence, from
his grandflither, and was the first white child born in the
present town of Granby. He has generally been considered,
also, as the first one born in Oswego County, but he was
probably the second ; the first being Camille Desvatines,
born in 1791 or 1792, the child of Monsieur Desvatines,
the actual Frenchman of the celebrated " Frenchman's
island," in Oneida lake. The Van Valkenburghs and
Bush, with their families, all spent the winter in their now
homes.

In the spring of 1794 the county of Onondaga was
formed from Herkimer, including the whole Military tract.
A new political town, called Lysander, was also organized,
whicli included the survey-township of that name and also
that of Hannibal, thus bringing the whole of the present
Granby within its limits. The distinction between political
towns and survey-townships must be constantly kept in
mind by those who would understand the changes of that
day.

It does not appear that there were any new settlers
during 1794. Warned by the severity of the pa.st winter,
the coming one looked very forbidding to Major Van Val-
kenburgh and his family. He had, however, made good
friends with the Hessian, Captain Schroeder (miscalled
" Shade" by some of the old settlers), in command at Fort
Ontario ; a friendship doubtless facilitated by the fact that
Van Valkenburgh himself was of German or Dutch parent-
age. The captain invited Major Van Valkenburgh to bring
his family down to the fort and spend the winter, an invi-



tation which the latter gladly accepted. All the Van Val-
kenburghs stayed at the fort until the spring of 1795. The
exciting domestic outbreak which occurred near the close
of their visit luis been narrated in the general history.

In the spring of 1795 the major purchased a tract of
land on the other side of the river, where he ever after re-
sided, abandoning his improvements on the west side.
There was a good deal of difficulty about the title of many
lots on the Military tract, the soldiers who drew them
having apparently sold them several times over, and the
facilities for recording deeds and ascertaining titles being
much poorer than now. It wiis doubtless on account of a
defect of title that Van Valkenburgh abandoned the land
he had first chosen.

Near 179G, John Van Buren, Jr., originally of Kinderhook,
located himself on " Indian point," near the lower landim;,
on the west side. He and his sons — Peter, John, Jacob,
and Volkert — were afterwards noted as stalwart boatmen
on the river. About 1797, Captain Bush moved away.
Soon afVer, the Van Burens occupied the same premises,
and there, in October, 1798, the youngest son, David Van
Buren, was born, now the oldest native of this town. In
a little while, however, the whole family moved to the east
side of the river, where most of them made their homes
throughout their lives. Bush's vacant clearing was culti-
vated for a while after the Van Burens left it by some of
the Waterhouse family, residing on the east side of the
river. Thus all of the original pioneers of Granby, Van
Valkenburgh, Bush, and Lay, had died or moved away,
and in 1799 there does not appear to have been a solitary
resident on this side of the river except the Frenchman,
Penoyer, and it is not certain but that he had left. From
the place he occupied southward to Three Rivers point
there was not a single house on this side the river, and but
one on the other side. Just about the beginning of the
century Henry Bakeman, a mulatto from New Jersey, pur-
chased the part of lot 4 previously occupied by Lay and
Penoyer, and became a permanent resident there.

The next person we hear of in what is now Granby
was David Webster, who settled, about 1802, on the river-
bank, a little below the outlet of Lake Neatawanta, remain-
ing near three years. About the time he left (1805) Barnet
Mooney, afterwards quite prominent in public aff'airs, located
himself just above the mouth of the outlet. Luke Montague
took Webster's place farther down. We think it was in
1804 that Peter Hugunin, a relative of the family so prom-
inent in the early hLstory of Oswego, came and occupied
lot 74, previously owned by Bu.sh. His son, James, soon
after bought the north half of that lot of Bush, and made
his home upon it. By this time people had begun to find
out that there were two .sides to the river, and to make .set-
tlements accordingly. Still, not a single immigrant had built
a cabin or made a clearing away from the river-bank. There
was no road, even along the west side of the river, except
between the clearings in the vicinity of the falls. The
Oswego furnished the only means of communication with
the outer world.

Abraham Barnes, the original owner of lot 75, came and
lived on it in 1805, apparently intending to revive his title,
which he was supjiosod to have conveyed away.



390



HISTOKY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



In the year 1805 two young men, on their way to Os-
wego on business, stopped for the night at the house of
Ebenezer Wright, a justice of the peace, residing on the
east side of the river. One of them was John T. Hudson,
afterwards canal commissioner of this State, and the other
was Martin Van Buren, subsequently president of the
United States. After supper, Mr. Wright invited his
guests to cross the river with him and be present at a mar-
riage ceremony which he was to perform. The young men
assented, and were soon set across to the other shore. They
proceeded to a house some distance above the lower land-
ing, and in due time the ceremony was performed. The
bridegroom was only nineteen years old, and the bride six-
teen. This, according to the best attainable authority, was
the first wedding ever solemnized within the territory now
comprising the town of Granby, the youthful parties being
John, otherwise "Jack" Waterliouse, and Polly, better
known by her friends as "Pop" Hugunin-. Thirty or forty
years later Mr. Hudson related the adventure to William
Schenck, and the sketch of early days, afterwards furnished
by B. B. Waterliouse to Peter Schenck, gives the date of
the marriage.

Before going further in noticing the course of immigra-
tion, we will give some attention to the natural character-
istics of the territory to which this chapter is devoted. As
all who reside in this vicinity know, the Oswego river forms
the eastern boundary of Granby. Perhaps, however, all
do not know that the river-front of the town has a length
of about thirteen miles. This stream, which was originally
rapid and turbulent along all its course, was broken by sev-
eral rifts and by the renowned Oswego falls, which, though
not very high, acquired great celebrity from being on the
main route between the east and the west. All travelers
had to dash over them or plod around them, and were sure
to remember all about them.

There are also several small islands in the river, but the
largest of them belongs to the town of Volney.

The most noted of these is the celebrated Bradstreet's
island, or " Battle island," as it has latterly been called,
opposite lot 46, in the northeast corner of this town ; and
it was in Granby that General Bradstreet rallied his men,
after the fight on the island, marched them up to the
mouth of Lake Neatawanta's outlet, and routed the enemy
from the swamp in which they had ensconced themselves,
as narrated at full length in the general history.

All along the river the ground was considerably broken,
frequently rising into bluffs, though of moderate height.
This tract was covered with a heavy growth of pines, hem-
locks, oaks, and chestnuts, all of the finest kind. The
pioneer, who, with rifle on his shoulder, roamed over the
country away from the river, in search of deer or bear,
found the surface of the ground more level, occasionally
degenerating into swamps, and covered with a dense forest
of beech, maple, elm, and hemlock, with occasional ridges
of chestnuts.

A little more than half-way from the southern to the
northern limits of the present town, and only half a mile
west of the principal fall in the Oswego, the pioneers found
a beautiful little lake, sparkling in a dense, dark frame of
pine, lieuilock, and oak. The surveyors determined its area



at about eight hundred acres, and inquisitive youtlis found
its lowest depths to be near twenty feet. The Indians called
it '■'■ Ne-ah-(ah-wan-tah" and the linguists of the day inter-
preted that as meaning "The little lake near the great
lake."

The Indian name has been very properly retained, but in
printing it in other places in this work we have taken the
liberty of omitting the h's and hyphens. All Indian words
of more than one syllable had marked pauses between the syl-
lables, and guttural sounds at the ends of them. But though
we adopt their names, we invariably make them conform
to our smoother and more rapid pronunciation. Naturally
and properly we usually write them without the hyphens
and h's, which denote the Indian pauses and gutturals. Occa-
sionally some one tries to make an exception, but without
good reason. There is no more sense in writing Ne-nh-tah-
wan-tah than there would be in writing Ohii-tay-ree-oh, or
Cay-yoo-gah, or On-on-dah-gah. Doubtless the Indians
pronounced those names thus, but we moderns don't, and it
would be foolish to write them so. Therefore the little gem
of Granby shall be Neatawanta, so far as we are concerned.

Subsequent investigations showed that Lake Neatawanta
was a hundred and twenty feet above Lake Ontario. Its
outlet ran nearly north for two miles and then turned into
the Oswego. It did not, however, afford sufficient drainage,
and several marshes along the lake-shore generated malaria
and disease.

The territory of Granby was drained by several small
streams. The largest of these was Ox creek, which rose on
the edge of Hannibal, ran in tortuous course a little north
of west, and emptied into the Oswego some four miles be-
low the present southern line of Granby. Three or four
much smaller streams ran into Lake Neatawanta, while in
the north part of the present town were the head-waters of
Rice creek and Eight-mile creek.

The pines and oaks along the river were extremely fine,
and large quantities of them were cut down and rafted to
Montreal and Quebec, where they found ready sale to Eng-
lish ship-builders. The first clearings had usually been
made by girdling the large trees, cutting down the small
ones and the underbrush. When the tops of the girdled
trees died, the sun came down between the trunks with
sufficient freedom to biing out very fair crops from the
virgin soil. In the spring of 1806 the town of Hannibal
was formed from Lysander. It included the whole of the
survey-township of Hannibal, and the thirty-three lots of
the survey-township of Lysander, before mentioned as lying
in a notch between Hannibal and the river.

To return to the course of settlement. In 1806, Barnet
Miller located in the neighborhood of Barnet Mooney.
Cornelius H. ftliller moved over there from the east side
shortly after. In 1807, John I. Walradt purchased a part
of lot 74 of James Hugunin, and put up a small frame
house, which was the first clapboarded residence we can
hear of in town. He was an active, enterprising man, and
soon afterwards was engaged in portage on the west side of
the river.

Previous to 1807 the portage business had been carried
on entirely on the east side. A " portage," however, did
not involve the investment of any great amount of capital.



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