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John Williams.

Company F, Judson Dolbear, Frank N. Halsey, Henry
B. Mayo, Alvin P. Bureh, Johnston B. Church, Henry F.
Morton, Asa Pettingill, Chauncey Snell, Asa Westcott.

Company G, Peter Sliultz, sergeant, Fred. Rife, Edwin
Aylsworth, Peter Zeigler, Jo.seph Stoutenger, Louis Ain-
gen, Frederick Ershman, John Jlosheiser, Alex. McAm-
bly, David Rau, Hiram Stowell.

Company I, Martin David, Deglin McGrath, Denni.s
McGrath, Richard Judson.

Company K, Jas. HincbclifF, color-sergeant, Theophilus
R. Barberick, Thomas Banister, James Hudson, sergeant.

The list of the names of the wounded cannot be obtained
from the final muster-out rolls in Albany, New York.

General Doublcday in his official report says, " I concur
with the division commanders in their estimate of the good
conduct and valuable services of the following-named offi-
cers and men: General Cutler, commanding the Second
brigade, says, 'Colonel Hofmann, Fifty-sixth Pennsylvania
Volunteers, Major Harney, One Hundred and Forty-
seventh New York Volunteers, Captain Cook, Seventy-
sixth New York Volunteers, deserve special mention for
gallantry and coolness ; Colonel Fowler, Fourteenth Brook-
lyn, for charging the enemy at the railroad cut, in coimec-
tion with the Ninety-fifth New Y'^ork Volunteers and Sixth
7



Wisconsin, by which the One Hundred and Forty-seventh
New York Volunteers was releasnl from its perilous position ;
Lieutenant-Colonel Miller, commanding the One Hundred
and Forty-seventh New York Volunteers, was severely
wounded at the head of his regiment on the 1st instant.
. . . Major Harney, of the One Hundred and Fortj -
Seventh New Y''ork Volunteers, and Major Pye, of the
Ninety-fifth New Y'ork Volunteers, on assuming command
of their respective regiments, did all that brave men and
good soldiera could do, and deserve well for their services.
Sergeant H. H. Hubbard, Company D, One Hundred and
Forty-seventh New Y'ork Volunteers, was in command of
the provost guard of the brigade, eighteen strong, on the
morning of the 1st instant. He formed the guard on the
right of the Seventy-sixth New York Volunteers, and
fought until the battle was over, losing twelve of his men.
The color-sergeant of the One Hundred and Forty-seventh
New York Volunteers was killed, and the colors were caught
by Sergeant Wm. A. Wybourn, of Company I, One Hun-
dred and Forty-seventh New York Volunteers, and brought
oft' the battle-field by him, notwithstanding lie was him.self
severely wounded.' "

This wai3 the baptism of the regiment: fortunately, in
the previous battles, it had escaped with small loss; but in
this its fortune was to be placed in the most exposed and
trying position of the battle, and receive the furious onset
of vastly superior numbers. The brave General Reynolds
was immediately shot dowu in its presence. Manfuhy had
it stood up to its work, and justified the trust imposed in
it. It had withstood the attacks of the enemy when nearly
surrounded on all sides, with over one-half of its numbers
killed or wounded, its flag torn into tatters, and the staft"
completely severed by hostile bullets. Henceforth it was
considered an honor to belong to the One Hundred and
Forty-seventh New York Volunteers, and its deeds in this
day's battle were referred to with pride. The enemy, not
pursuing beyond the streets of the town, gave our shattered
and somewhat disorganized forces a breathing-spell. They
rallied on Gulp's Hill, a part of Cemetery Ridge, on the
south side of the town, a strong defensive position.

SECOND AND THIRD DAYS' BATTLE OF GKTTYSBURG.

General Meade, commander of the Army of the Potomac,
was fifteen miles distant, and hearing that there was fighting
at Gettysburg, sent General Hancock, with orders to take
conmiand of the two corps. He arrived about the time
the forces fell back to Gulp's Hill, and immediately selected
a defensive position. He chose a ridge running nearly
north and south between the Tancytown and Emniettsburg
roads, terminating on the south at Round Gap Mountain,
on the north at Gulp's Hill, south of Gettysburg. The
northern extremity curves around, similar in shape to the
bond of a fish-hook. The convexity of the curve is towards
Gettysburg. This is called Cemetery Ridge. On the
morning of July 2 the remainder of the Army of the Po-
tomac, except the Sixth coi-ps, had come up, and were
posted all along this ridge. The enemy's army was posted
on Seminary Ridge, running nearly parallel to Cemetery
Ridge, except Ewell's corps, which lay opposite to Gulp's
Hill, its left extendin"; around to the northern suburbs of



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



the town, where it joined the right of tiieir (the rebel) army,
nearly encircling the town. The One Hundred and Forty-
seventh New York Volunteers were posted on Gulp's Hill.
The forenoon was spent by both armies in getting into po-
sition. In the afternoon, at 3.30, General Longstrect made
his celebrated attack on our left, striving to get possession
of Little Round-Top Mountain, the key to the whole posi-
tion ; that obtained, the enemy could enfilade our whole
line. Attack followed attack, until night put an end to
the contest.

The enemy had obtained some advantage, but the posi-
tion still remained in the possession of our forces. During
the battle Gulp's Hill had been much weakened by the with-
drawal of troops to oppose General Longstreet. Between
six and seven p.m. General Ewell made repeated charges
up the steep hill, crowned by a rude breastwork of loose
stones and logs hastily thrown up by our men. The at-
tacks were renewed along in the night. Finally the enemy
effected a lodgment. A regiment of the Twelfth corps
gave way, and let the enemy in. The One Hundred and
Forty-seventh New York and Fourteenth Brooklyn, with
some troops of the Twelfth corps, charged upon them and
drove them out, restoring the lines. July 3 the enemy
placed in position, on Seminary Ridge and the railroad em-
bankment next to the town, one hundred and fifty pieces
of artillery. At one P.M. they opened fire on our centre.
The Union batteries replied, but owing to their position
only eighty pieces could be brought to bear at once. After
two hours General Hunt, chief of artillery, slackened fire
to see what the enemy were intending to do. The enemy,
thinking our batteries silenced and the troops demoralized,
began the grand attack of the day. General Picket, with
twenty thousand men, moved up the slope in dense columns
towards our centre. Our batteries opened on them, tearing
huge gaps in their lines, which were closed as soon as made.
The enemy pressed steadily on until they met our forces in
a hand-to-hand conflict. Gunners used their rammers and
the infantry clubbed their muskets to beat them off. Lieu-
tenant Haskell, on General Gibbons' staflf, speedily collected
several fragments of broken organizations of troops, and at-
tacked them " on the flank," throwing them into disorder.
During a period of a quarter of an hour the combatants
were struggling in close quarters. The attack was soon
repulsed, and nearly the entire charging column was either
killed, wounded, or captured. On the right, at Gulp's
Hill, General Ewell had kept up a series of attacks or feints
since the evening of the 2d. The hill was steep and nag-
ged, densely wooded, and the surface covered with loose
stones. With wonderful persistence and bravery, the enemy
had charged up this steep hill to our bi'eastworks during
the night of the 2d and through the day of the 3d, until
their dead literally covered the ground. Under the breast-
works they lay in heaps. Their wounded were mostly
removed during the night under cover of the darkness.
The One Hundred and Forty-seventh New York had been
kept constantly on the alert until exhausted by fatigue and
want of sleep. A constant stream of musketry was kept
up by our line to repel the enemy. The trees facing the
line, scarred to their tops, and the limbs cut ofi' by bullets,
attest the severity of the contest. An incident occurred



on the 3d which illustrates the desperate valor and reck-
lessness of the enemy. In a charge more vigorous and de-
termined than usual, after persistent fighting, their line
broke ; a number of their men took shelter behind a large
rock in front of the One Hundred and Forty-seventh New
York, but it did not wholly protect them from a flank fire
from both sides. They were being gradually picked oiF by
our men. They commenced to wave handkerchiefs and
give other tokens of surrender. This was seen by an ofli-
cer on General Ewell's staff at a distance on our right. He
immediately started to ride across our front to arrest it.
He and his orderlies were immediately riddled with bullets.
The wadding of their coats was seen to fly as the bullets
passed through them. The regiment had been fighting
almost constantly from the evening of the 2d to the evening
of the 3d without rations, and without food, save a little
fresh beef without salt, and seasoned with gunpowder.
The pickets in the night were relitvcd every thirty minutes
and the oflacers every second hour, as it was impos.sible for
them to remain longer on their posts without falling asleep.
Nature could endure no more. The men and cfiicers in the
first day's battle divested themselves of every incumbrance,
their knupsacks, haversacks, and all, save their arms and
ammunition ; consequently they had nothing to eat, save
the fresh beef which was once or twice brought to them.
During two days the enemy had made herculean efforts to
break our lines, but the Union army at all points withstood
and repulsed their fierce onsets, with terrible slaughter.
Animated by a fanaticism and bravery which was almost
superhuman, only having its parallel in the old army of
Cromwell, they had exhausted the limits of human endur-
ance. Thirty thousand out of an array of one hundred
thousand men, the flower of the Confederacy, had been
killed and wounded, and nearly ten thousand more taken
prisoners. They had the best army the world ever had seen.
The best blood in the Confederacy was fighting in its
ranks. They had gathered this splendid army through the
popular desire and inducement of invading the enemy's
country, and of diverting the ravages of war from their own
soil. It was supposed when the teeming North, with its
poplilous cities, began to witness the horrors of war, the
people would speedily sue for peace. They were now ar-
rested on the threshold, and their hopes and anticipations
turned to ashes.

This may well be considered the decisive battle of the
war. The enemy kept up a show of continuing the battle
till nightfall. In the night they silently gathered their
dispirited forces and withdrew from the town, leaving the
hospitals and wounded as they had found them. Our army
lay on its arms all night; in the morning of the 4th,
tidings were brought that the enemy had withdrawn in the
night. They fortified Seminary Hill as a menace to our
army — keeping up a show of renewing the attack during
the 4th — and a cover of retreat for theirs. In the morning
General Meade called a council of war, by which it was
decided to remain until the enemy's plans were developed.
There was some cannonading through the day, but little
infantry fighting. In the night a heavy shower set in, and
in the morning of the 5th the enemy had retreated from
Seminary Hill. The losses of the One Hundred and Forty-



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



91



seventh New York, during the 2d and 3d, were consider-
able, in proportion to its numbers. Lieutenant Taylor,
Company E, was killed, and Lieutenant John P. Box,
Company A, was wounded in the shoulder, and had his
arm amputated at the shoulder-joint.

The following were killed in the second and third days'
battle of Gettysburg : John Hart, Company C ; Sergeant
Joseph Stuyvesant, Company C ; Sylvester Taylor, second
lieutenant Company E ; Sylvester Quick, Company K.
Francis Dodd, Company H, died at Fairfax seminary,
July 3, from typhoid fever. The names of the wounded
in these battles cannot be obtained.

Among the incidents of the battle, there was one which
occurred at the hospital, illustrating the reckless abandon
and bonhommie of the life of the soldier during this war.
The surgeon of the regiment with- the surgeon of the
Fourteenth Brooklyn Regiment occupied a large hotel in the
lower part of the town, which was very much exposed to the
shells of the enemy during the first day, and from the shells
of the Union army during the next two days of the battle.
In the morning of the 6rst day's battle, the hospital was
soon filled with the wounded of these two regiments;
many of them were wounded slightly. In the confusion,
the slightly wounded hud the freedom of the hotel. They
ransacked the building, and found a quantity of liquor of
all descriptions ; they soon got somewhat intoxicated.
Several of the Fourteenth Brooklyn men, with their arms
in their hands, were looking out of the windows into the
street, when they saw the enemy come into the town,
driving the Eleventh corps before them. They fired out
of the windows at the enemy. A volley was immediately
returned into the building ; thereupon the wounded soldiers,
about twelve in number, rushed down and formed a line
across the entrance, to defend the hospital against the
whole rebel army ! Just at that time, one of the suigeons
returned from a visit to several officers of his regiment, who
had been taken into a building in another part of the town,
and saw a squad of the enemy, only a few paces off, with
their muskets raised to their shoulders, about to fire into
these Brooklyn men. He ordered them not to shoot those
wounded men ; the rebel officer in command told his men
not to fire, and turned to the surgeon and said, " Disarm
them, then, or I will have every man of them shot." The
surgeon ordered the men to give up their arms and go
back into the hospital. All but three or four obeyed;
these declared that they would never surrender, and it w;is
with great difficulty that the surgeon finally saved their
lives. The enemy were determined to shoot them, and the
surgeon once or twice pushed the muzzles of the guns
aside when they were about to fire. Finally, with assistance,
he wrenched the muskets from the grasp of the wounded
men. One man was shot through the heart, and lay across
the steps of the hotel. As soon as matters were quieted,
the surgeon looked around and saw a mounted rebel officer,
considerably intoxicated, across the street, brandishing a
pistol, declaring that he would sack and burn the hospital,
because they had been firing out of the windows at his men.
He caught sight of the surgeon and came riding across the
street, saying, " I say, doctor, don't we Louisianians fight
like h — 1?" at the same time displaying several trophies



which he had picked up from the battle-field, but claiming
that he had captured them from " Yankee officers" by his
personal prowess. The surgeon, mindful of the real danger
the wounded were in, for firing out of the windows was a
plain violation of the usages of civilized warfare, flattered
the rebel officer to the top of his bent. Finally he rode oflf,
siying nothing more about sacking the building. The men
who, a short time before, were ready to defend the hospital
with their lives, soon affiliated with the ones who were
anxious to shoot them down, and were soon seated on the
curb-stone side by side, chaffing each other. Tliey soon
found out that they were old acquaintances, — they had often
picketed the banks of the Rappahannock opposite to each
other, and had often, by concerted agreement, crossed the
river into each others' lines, and had a friendly game of
cards or traded tobacco for coffee. They had many remi-
niscences to relate, and boastings of their respective prowess
in many a hard-fought battle in which they were oppo.sed to
each other.



CHAPTER XXL

OS-WEGO IN THE KEBELLION.

Tlic One Hundred .and Furty-sevt-uth Regiment— Pursuit uf the
Enemy to the Ilajjidan and lietieat uf the Ai-Jny uf the Potuuiac
to Centieville.

In the morning of the 0th the First corps set out for
Emmettsburg. As the regiment passed along the I'jmmetts-
burg road, p;ist the scenes of the late conflict, at the centre
and left of the line they saw evidences of the terrible
slaughter. The enemy's dead still cumbered the ground.
Immense piles of muskets were gathered from the fields
where the men were shot down. In places where the con-
flict raged the fiercest were the dihris of cartridge-boxes,
soldiers' belts, fragments of clothing, and bayonets trampled
into the ground and stained with blood. At Peach-Tree
Orchard an old man was gathering up relics from the battle-
field. He lived close by, in a small wooden house, around
which the battle had fiercely raged during two days, the
combatants charging and counter-charging, driving each
other backwards and forwards over his garden and yard.
He took shelter in the cellar during the battle. He gave
a graphic description of his two days' experience. In
many of the muskets gathered from the field were found
many charges of cartridges, some of them filled to the
muzzle. In the excitement, the cartridge had been put in
wrong end first; not ob.serving that the charge did not ex-
plode, another wits put in on top of the first, and so on
until .several had accumulated.

The regiment encamped at Emmettsburg in the evening
of the 6th. On the 7th crossed Cotocton mountain, taking
a short cut to Middletown ; took a mountain-path or chute
for getting wood down from the mountain. Many of the
men were nearly shoeless, and the recent severe rains had soft-
ened the horses' hoofs so much that it was difficult to keep
them shod. Many of the horses became lamed ascending
the steep mouniniii path gullied out by the rains, leaving



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



the bed full of loose, small stones. The men suffered much
in the feet. Arrived at Middletown, Maryland, in the even-
ing. General Cutler ordered the inhabitants to remove their
shoes. from their feet and give them to those soldiers who
were entirely shoeless. The men had become much en-
feebled by want of sleep and proper nourishment in the
three days' battle of Gettysburg. On the 8th the regiment
marched in rain and mud through the village of Middle-
town, and encamped near South Mountain Gap. On the
9th passed through the gap and encamped in a locust grove
on the side of the mountain, overlooking a beautiful valley;
the enemy could be seen in the distance. Here, for the
first time in many days, the baggage-train came up, and the
ofiBcers obtained a change of nnderclothii)g, a luxury rarely
indulged in since leaving camp below Falmouth, on the
12th of June. On the 12th the army advanced, driving
in the outposts of the enemy, to Funkstown, Maryland.
Beyond the town the enemy were found intrenched. The
recent rains had raised the Potomac, making it unfordable.
General French had several days previously destroyed the
enemy's pontoon-bridges ; they were obliged to await the
falling of the waters or till they could construct a new
bridge. On the 13th, General Meade called a council of
war, which advised a postponement of the attack until a
reconnoissance had been made. In the evening an order
was issued for an advance on the next morning. In the
morning of the 14th the army advanced on the enemy's
works, but found them deserted. During the night the
enemy had crossed over the Potomac, partly on a new pon-
toon-bridge constructed out of timber obtained by tearing
down old buildings, partly by fording the stream. About
thirteen hundred rebels were captured, consisting of strag-
glers and part of the rear-guard which did not have time to
cross over. Marched on that day to Williamsport. Here
the brave General Wadsworth left his command for the
south. He called on the officers of the regiment and bade
them an affectionate farewell. He was greatly chagrined
at the escape of the enemy. He had met with the council
of war and strongly urged an immediate attack upon the
enemy, but as he was a junior in rank his opinion had but
little weight. He was a patriot of an antique mould, sturdy
and robust: his bravery was a little prone to rashness.
His voice was always for a vigorous prosecution of the war,
and to attack the enemy wherever found. Perhaps what
he lacked in discretion was amply made up in boldness and
bravery. Hitherto there had been too much halting and
timidity in executing and shrinking from assuming respon-
sibility. General McClellan, one year ago, had, near this
place, let the enemy slip from his grasp from the want of
vigor and boldness. Now, under vastly more favorable
conditions for our army, the enemy had escaped while our
generals were deliberating when they should have been
acting. The men had, on the 8th, got news of the capture
of Vicksburg, and, notwithstanding their enfeebled condi-
tion, were inspirited and eager for the attack, knowing that
the enemy must be much demoralized and nearly out of
ammunition. The enemy were now safe across the river,
and the men had long, weary marches before them and
many a hard battle to fight before the rebellion could be
Tiut down.



Passing over the battle-field of Antietam, July 15, the
regiment marched to Crampton's Gap, in the Cotocton
mountains ; the next day it passed through the Gap, and
crossed the Potomac into Virginia again, above Harper's
Ferry. Adjutant Fading and Lieutenant-Colonel Miller
returned to duty on the 15th. At Keedysville, July 21,
a detail was made, consisting of Lieutenant-Colonel Miller,
Captain James Coey, and Lieutenant Gillett, to go to Elmira,
New York, for conscripts to fill the depleted ranks of the
regiment. Blaj or- General Newton, who had been assigned
the command of the First corps, about this time joined the
corps. The corps marched through a beautiful valley, an
elevated plateau between the Bull Run and Blue Ridge
ranges of mountains, to Warrenton, reaching there July 28.

The inhabitants were extremely hostile. This region
had been the stronghold and refuge of the guerrillas, and
some of our officers and men were captured when not fiir
from the main column. When at Warrenton the regiment
witnessed a battle at Manassas Gap, in the Blue Ridge
range, five or six miles distant. The enemy attempted to
pass through the Gap, but were met by one of the Federal
corps and driven back. The corps left, July 25, for War-
renton Junction. August 1 marched to the Rappahan-
nock, and crossed the river August 2, and commenced to
fortify the south bank of the stream, expecting an attack ;
had some skirmishing in front. Alexander R. Penfield
reported for duty as first lieutenant, Company H, commis-
sioned July 4. The regiment lay in camp at Rappahannock
Station until September 16, then marched to Stevensburg,
near Culpepper ; there remained till the 24th instant, then
marched to Raccoon Ford on the Rapidan river. Septem-
ber 24 an elegant sword was presented to Major Harney by
Adjutant Farling,— a gift of the regiment, as a token of
respect and esteem. Received October 6 one hundred and
forty-two conscripts, and eighty more on the 9th. October
10 the regiment marched to Morgan's Ford, on the Rapi-
dan, and returned to Pony mountain, near Culpepper, in
the night.

RETREAT OP THE ARMY TO CENTREVILLE.

There had been signs of some impending movement by
the enemy during several days; the movement on the Rapi-
dam was a reconnoissance. The experience of General Pope,
the year previous, had made our generals more wary. The
Bull Run range of mountains afforded a curtain for the
enemy to mask their movements from our view. In August,
1862, Stonewall Jackson had marched up behind that range
of mountains, passing through Thoroughfare Gap, cut off the
communications of Pope's army, and destroyed an immense
amount of military stores at Centreville and rolling stock on
the Orange and Alexandria railroad, before General Pope
was aware of the movement. He at the time supposed he
was holding the enemy at bay across the Rapidan. It was
supposed a similar movement was being executed by the
enemy at this time. The regiment remained near Pony
mountain until noon, and then retreated to Kelly's Ford
on the Rappahannock. As it passed over the hills near
Stevensburg the enemy's cavalry came in sight in pursuit.
General Plcasonton's cavalry protected the rear.

The enemy's cavalry could be distinctly seen deploying



J



i



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NKW YORK.



and charging upon our cavalry, which handsomely repelled
their charges and kept tliem at bay. Heavy cannonading



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