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until 18G9. Since that time Captain M. has led a less
active life than before, though still owning .scmie i)roperty
in use on the lake.

Captain Malcolm is the father of seven children : Cath-
arine Schuyler, wife of Efuis Baxter; Mary Lawrence, wife
of Douglas Beeson, of Erie, Pa. ; Philip Schuyler Malcolm,
Emma Malcolm, Richard Lawrence Malcolm, William S.
Malcolm, Jr., and Anna Van Rens.selaer Malcolm. He
has been for many years a warden of Christ church, and
has always manifested a deep interest in its welfare. Few
men have lived a more active life, few men arc more widely
known along the great lakes, and very few indeed display
more vigor under the weight of sixty-seven years.



MRS. CATHARINE VAN RENSSELAER
COCHRAN.

This lady was not only, as is well known to all the earlier
citizens of Oswego, a daughter of one of the most illus-
trious patriots of the Revolution, but represented a family
that for more than a hundred and fifty years exercised an
immense influence over the colony and State of New York.
From 1650, when Philip Pietcrsen Schuyler, an enter-
prising young gentleman from Amsterdam, made his home
at Beverwyck (now Albany) down to 1804, when General
Philip Schuyler, the father of our subject, sank into the
arms of death amid the sorrow of a nation, there was no
time when some one of that family was not an eminent
leader of the people.

Colonel Philip Pietcrsen Schuyler was a man of mark
under the last Dutch governor of New Netherland and the
first English governors of New York. His second son,
Colonel Peter Schuyler, was mayor of Albany for twelve
successive years. Exercising great influence over the Six
Nations, he led a body of Mohaw/cs and Dutch colonists
through the wilderness of northern New York into Canada
the year after the destruction of Schenectady (1691), and
inflicted heavy loss on the French in retaliation for that
terrible mas.sacre. He was afterwards a member, and finally
president, of the king's provincial council, chief commis-
sioner of Indian aflfairs, and for a time acting governor of
the province of New York.

His younger brother, Captain John Schuyler, led an
expedition against Canada thesanieyear as the Schenectady
mas.sacre, though then but twenty-two years old. He after-
wards held many important stations, both civil and military,



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



and was for eight years a member of the colonial assem-
bly. Still another brother, Areiit Schuyler, located in New
Jersey, and founded an influential family there, one of his
sons having been the Colonel Peter Schuyler who defended
Oswego against De Montcalm, as mentioned in the general
history.

The eldest son of Peter Schuyler, of Albany, Colonel
Philip Schuyler, succeeded to his father's influence over
both whites and Indians. For a long period he was a
prominent member of the colonial legislature, a military
leader, trusted to defend the colony against the French,
and a commissioner of Indian aflairs, who held nearly the
same relation towards the Six Nations that was afterwards
held by Sir William Johnson. His wife (who was also his
cousin, being a daughter of Captain John Schuyler) was
the subject of a book called " An American Lady," by the
Scotch authoress, Mrs. Grant, — a work which is recognized
as the pleasantest picture now extant of pre-revolutionary
times on the Hudson. Numerous other members of this
remarkable family occupied positions of considerable impor-
tance, both civil and military.

One of the brothers of the lady just mentioned was John
Schuyler, Jr., at one time mayor of Albany. His eldest
son, born in November, 1733, was Philip Schuyler, after-
wards the distinguished American general and statesman.
Entering the military service at the age of twenty-one, this
Philip Schuyler was one of the most active and useful
ofiicers engaged in the old French war, and his services in
Oswego County have been duly noticed in the general his-
tory. He was one of the foremost leaders in the long civil
opposition to British tyranny, and when his country was
compelled to resort to arms he placed life and fortune at
her service. Of his career as a major-general in the Rev-
lution it would require far too much space to speak here,
and it is too well known to make such mention necessary.
Called to the senate of the United States after victory had
crowned our arms, he was one of the foremost members of
that august body, and when at length he slept the sleep of
death, five years after his friend Washington, all true Amer-
icans mourned the loss of the patriot, the soldier, and the
statesman.

We have spoken at unusual length regarding the ancestry
of Mrs. Cochran, for it is seldom indeed in this youthful
country that a single family presents such a long list of dis-
tinguished members. Her own life was marked by much
more of incident than usually falls to the lot of woman.
Born at Albany on the 20th of February, 1781, nine
months before the surrender of Cornwallis, she was almost
literally rocked in the cradle of revolution. She was bap-
tized in the Dutch Reformed church, General and Mrs.
Washington being two of her sponsors. Her name was the
same as that of her mother, who was a daughter of the
distinguished family of Van Rensselaer. When only six
months old she was the central figure of a most romantic
yet terrifying scene.

Though General Schuyler had withdrawn from the army,
he was still active in the cause of his country, and the
British and Tories were anxious to get possession of his
person. He was aware of the fact, and a guard of six
soldiers had been furnished him, three of whom were on



duty at a time. Nevertheless, a bold ruffian named John
Waltermeyer, accompanied by a gang of Tories, Canadians,
and Indians, made the hazardous attempt. Just at twilight
on a sultry August day the general and his family were
collected in the front hall of his house in the suburbs of
Albany. The three guards off duty were asleep in the
basement ; the others were lying on the grass outside and
not very vigilant. A servant announced that a stranger
wished to speak with the general at the back gate. A trap
was at once suspected, the doors were instantly barred, the
family ran up-stairs, and the general sprang for his arms.
Waltermeyer's gang surrounded the house, the three guards
who were barred out fled, and the doors were soon broken in.
The three soldiers below rushed up to the back hall where
they had left their arms, but these had been removed by
some of the family, and they were quickly overpowered.

At that moment it was discovered that the infant Catrina
was asleep in its cradle in the basement. Margarita, the
general's third daughter (then a brave girl of twenty-two,
afterwards the wife of the celebrated patroon, General Ste-
phen Van Rensselaer), instantly rushed down the two
flights of stairs, snatched up the child, and bore it to the
upper rooms. As she fled upstairs one of the cut-throats
flung a tomahawk at the heroic girl. It whizzed past the
head of little Catrina, slightly cut the dress of Margarita,
and was buried in the railing of the stair. A moment after
Waltermeyer met her, but supposing her to be a servant
allowed her to pass, exclaiming, " Hello, wench, where is
your master?"

" Gone to alarm the town," replied the quick-witted girl.
The general heard her, flung up a window, and called out
at the top of his voice, —

" Come on, my brave fellows, surround the house and
secure the scoundrels !" A panic seized on the marauders,
who immediately fled, carrying off their three prisoners and
a large quantity of silver plate.

Such was Mrs. Cochran's infancy. As she grew up she
was the friend and companion of her father, accompanying
him on numerous journeys, and constantly meeting the most
distinguished society of the country, who always surrounded
her father and her equally distinguished brother-in-law,
Alexander Hamilton. At the age of about twenty she
was married to Samuel Bayard Malcolm, a rising young
lawyer, and, like herself, the child of a Revolutionary
general. For many years the young couple resided at
Utica, where General Schuyler had possessed a large estate.
Four children were born to them there, two of whom died
in their youth, the others being the well-known citizen of
Oswego, Captain William Schuyler Malcolm, and his brother,
Alexander Hamilton Malcolm.

About 1812 Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm removed to Still-
water, Saratoga county, where Mr. Malcolm died, in 1814.
Mrs. Malcolm removed to Utica, where, in 1822, she mar-
ried her cousin. Major James Cochran, a son of Dr.
Robert Cochran, who had served with General Schuyler
during the old French war, who married the general's
sister, and who was surgeon-general of the American army
during the Revolution. Major Cochran had himself been
a member of Congress and a State senator. One daughter
was born of this union, who died when but two years old.




Luther Weight was born at Nelson, New Hampshire,
on the 13th day of September, 1799. In the year 1806
he came with his father to the town of Rodman", JefiFerson
county, New York, where he remained, following agricul-
tural pursuits, until seventeen years of age, when he com-
menced teaching school. He continued in this honorable
vocation during a period of two years, and subsequently
entered the employ of Mr. Jesse Smith, of Smithville,
Jefferson county, one of the most extensive merchants on
the northern frontier. He remained in the establishment
of Mr. Smith about seven years, when he removed . to
Tompkins county, New York. He successiully conducted
a mercantile business in that locality until 1832, and in that
year came to Oswego, then a small village, and engaged in
the business of milling and forwarding, which he conducted
successfully until 1842, when the entire establishment was
destroyed by fire. In the following year he founded the
Luther Wright's bank, which proved to be one of the most
successful banking institutions of that period. He has since
been engaged in banking, and is the president of the Lake
Ontario National bank and the Oswego City Savings bank.
His integrity, uprightness, benevolence, and truly Christian



spirit won the confidence of his fellow-citizens in a remark-
able degree, and he has been chosen to many positions of
honor and responsibility, and he has ever discharged their
duties with credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction
of the people. He was one of the first subscribers to
the stock of the Syracuse and Oswego railroad, and was
elected its first treasurer ; he officiated in that capacity until
it was merged with the Delaware and Lackawanna railroad
company. He was also treasurer of the Lake Ontario Shore
railroad company from its organization until its sale to the
Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburgh railroad company, and
was one of the projectors of the Oswego gas-light company,
and the president of that company. It has been truthfully
said, that all the public local enterprises of his day have
felt the influence of his capital and the benefit of his
advice.

In 1828, Mr. W^right united in marriage with Lucinda
Smith, who died in the city of Oswego in 1 838. Two years
afterwards he married Miss L. Bailey, a native of Adams,
Jefferson county. New York. His present family consists
of three children, two sons and a daughter, the wife of Mr.
John T. Mott, of Oswego city.



HISTOllY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NKW YORK.



187



In October, 1825, Major and Mrs. Cochran removed to
Oswego, making their home on the cast side of the river, at
what is now the corner of Canal and Cocliran streets, but
was tlien a forest, where they both resided till their death.

During her residence in Oswego, Mrs. Cochran was a
zealous and devoted member of Christ ciiurch, the first
Episcopal church organized in the place, and her life was
in full accordance with her religious professions. In the
words of one who knew her, she was honored, beloved, and
resj)ected by all around her : honored for her noble family
connection, comprising the Schuylcrs, the Van Rensselacrs,
the Van Cortlands, the Livingstons, and the Hamiltons ;
beloved for her many virtues and courteous manners, re-
spected for her native intellect and mental culture.

Her husband died in 1848. Sirs. Cochran survived him
nine years, and passed away on the 26th day of August,
1857, almo.st exactly seventy-seven years after the marau-
der's tomahawk nearly blotted out her infant life.



JOHN B. EDWARDS

was born near old Tennent Church, Monmouth county. New
Jersey, May 23, 1802. In 181)7 he came with his father
to the town of Lyons, Ontario county (now Wayne), where




JtvLu^ If^yicjUjuaAjbi

he resided when Clinton inaugurated the movement for
constructing the Erie canal. Mr. Edwards worked one
year as a laborer on the canal, and in the following year,
1820, became a sub-contractor. His energy and great
adaptability for this kind of work attracted the attention
of Governor Clinton, and in 1822, then but twenty years
of age, he was appointed superintendent, and faithfully dis-



charged the duties of that position until the year 1824,
when he came to Oswego for tiie purpose of superintending
the construction of the Oswego Canal Company's hydraulic
canal ; and has since been engaged largely in the construc-
tion and care of the docks and piers in this harbor.

The late Gerrit Smith was an extensive property-owner
in this city, and in 1831 his foreman in the construction of
work in the harbor di.splcascd him, and upon inquiry for a
man who combined the necessary qualifications for the
position with honesty and integrity, he was pnmiptly re-
ferred to John B. Edwards, whom he at once secured, and
from that time up to the date of his death, embracing a
period of forty-three years, he was the tru.sted agent of Mr.
Smith, and still has charge of his estate in this county. It
is a remarkable instance, and reflects much credit upon
both principal and agent, that during this long period not
an unkind word or act passed between them.

In 1826 Mr. Edwards married Lydia M. Hall, a native
of this State. Their family consisted of four children,
viz., two sons and two daughters, all of whom are deceased.
Mrs. Edwards died January 20, 1856, and was buried in
Riverside cemetery. January 5, 1858, he united in mar-
i-iage with Julia M. Imlay.

His first vote was cast for De Witt Clinton, and he
subsequently became an anti-Mason, afterwards a Whig,
and upon the organization of the Republican party became
an earnest worker in its ranks, where he has since rem.iined.
He was an abolitionist, and performed substantial .service
for the slave element, emulating in this humane work with
his honored and philanthropic principal and friend, whose
life was devoted in a great degree to the unfortunate victims
of American slavery. He has been a faithful worker in
the interests of the village and county, and has held the
office of supervisor of Scriba, county coroner, president of
the village, alderman of the city, trustee of the orphan
asylum, and upon the organization of the Gerrit Smith
library was chosen a member of the board of trustees, and
still ofliciates in that capacity. He is also president of the
Oswego County savings bank. He became a member of
the Methodist Episcopal church in 1828, and his active
business career has ever been measured by the scale of
religious duty and a God-like principle. He has given
liberally to the support of the church, and in its general
welfare manifests a lively interest, and was lay delegate to
the last general conference of the Methodist Episcopal
church. He has now attained the age of seventy-five
years, and during a residence of more than half a century
in this city no man has won the esteem and confidence of
the people in a greater degree. His fellow-citizens point to
him as " an honest man, the noblest work of God."



COL. EDWARD M. PAINE.

This gentleman was born in England, on the 29th d.-iy
of October, 1832. When but five years old he was brought
by his father, Jlr. Edmund I^aipe, to Oswego, where the
home of both has ever since been. As the youth grew up to
manhood in the frontier village, by the sicje of the lake and



183



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



the river, with the primeval forest not far distant, he showed
a strong predilection for out-door sports, and at one time
was considered one of the best marksmen in the place, win-
ning some valuable trophies from numerous rivals.




COL. EDWAUD yi. TAI-NE.

In September, 1854, he was married to Sli.ss Hannah G.
Stewart, of Granby, by whom he has had two children.

When the Rebellion broke out, Mr. Paine, then twenty-
nine years old, was one of the very first to respond to the
call to arms; entering the service in April, 18C1, as cap-
tain of Company B, Twenty-fourth New York Inflmtry.
He went to the seat of war with his regiment, but was dis-
abled by a sunstroke, and resigned in September of the same
year.

In June, 1862, finding himself recovered, he again en-
tered the army, this time as captain of Company A, in
the One Hundred and Sixth New York Infantry. After
serving through 1SG2 and 1863 (taking part in the battle
of Martinsburg in the latter year), he entered with his
regiment in the spring of 1864 into the great campaign of
a year's duration, which ended in the crushing out of the
rebellion. In a little over two months Captain Paine took
part in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvani;i, Cul-
pepper, Cold Harbor, Kelly's Ford, Petersburg, Brandy
Station, Laurel Hill, Summit Point, Weldon Railroad,
Hanover Court-House, and Monocacy. In the latter con-
flict he was severely wounded. On the 12lh of October
following he was discharged on account of his injuries.

No sooner were his wounds healed, however, than lie was
eager to engage once more in the fray. In March, 1865,
he entered the service for the third time, being com-
missioned as major of his last regiment, the One Hun-
dred and Sixth. As such, he took part in the closing
scenes of the great war, being present at the capture of
Petersburg and Richmond, at the battle of Sailor's Creek,
and at the surrender of General Loo.



It is needless to say that one who so persistently sought
the battle-field whenever his physical condition permitted,
did not flinch in the presence of the foe. So strongly did
his conduct impress his superior officers that on their recom-
mendation, although he had been a major only a few weeks
at the close of the conflict, he was brevetted lieutenant-colo-
nel and colonel by the president of the United States for
gallant and meritorious conduct throughout the war. Col-
onel Paine was finally mustered out July 3, 1865.

After his return Colonel Paine was elected in 1870 to
represent the first and third wards of his city in the board
of supervisors of Oswego County, and was re-elected in
1871, 1872, and 1873. So many re-elections are pretty
good evidence that his judgment as a civil officer equals
his courage as a soldier.



DANIEL ELLSWORTH TAYLOR

was born in the town of Granby, on the 23d of June,
1845. At the age of eight years he removed with his
parents to Niles, Cayuga county, where he attended school
during the winter months, and assisted his father on the
farm each summer until September 21, 1861, when, at
the age of sixteen, he enlisted as a private in Company H,




'awi^i & ^^^1^



Seventy-fifth Regiment N. Y. V. Infantry, then forming at
Auburn. He left that city with his regiment the latter
part of November, 1861. Their destination was Fort
Pickens, Santa Rosa island, Florida. While disembark-
ing from the steamer " Baltic," in which they had taken
passage, an accident befell Mr. Taylor, by which he came
very near losing his life. The rebels were in possession of



HISTOllY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



harbor-vessels with supplies or troops for the giirrisoii, and
they were oblij^ed to anchor about a mile from shore. They
were compelled to land their cargo in small boats, also
themselves to disembark by the same means. The boat in
whieh 51 r. Taylor went ashore was swamped, there being a
high sea running at the time, and he came very near get-
ting drowned. He remained with his regiment, and was in
all the skirmishes of the first lied River expedition. On
the arrival of Banks' command a general assault was made
on the rebel works. They had been driven into their for-
tifications, and the Union troops had taken such shelter as
they could procure, behind logs, stumps, etc. Mr. Taylor,
taking refuge behind a stump from the murderous fire of
grape and canister and shells, heard a comrade, about two
rods away, crying for water. He left his refuge, walked
over to his comrade, in plain sight of the rebel sharp-
shootere, gave the wounded soldier a drink of water and
wade him as comfortable as possible, and then returned to
his post behind the stump. As he reached for his gun a
bullet went cru.shing through his right arm, entering at the
elbow, passing down the forearm, and coming out at the
wrist. Seven weeks afterwards his arm was amputated.
He was discharged August 22, 18G3, having served
twenty -three months and one day. Several incidents
worthy of record we could relate, showing his devotion and
braver}', but space will allow of but one :

At the battle of Pattersonville the Seventy-fifth Regi-
ment was detailed and sent out through a thick growth of
underbrush to the left of the main line, to observe the
rebels and prevent them turning the left flank of the regi-
ment. When they had marched about a quarter of a mile
they received a deadly fire, which they returned as best they
could. Finally, the rebels ceased firing, and the Seventy-
fifth advanced to a ditch and formed their line. A small
force was called for to reconnoitre. Taylor volunteered,
and was sent out with others, and had proceeded about
twenty rods, when a rebel could occasionally be seen skulk-
ing in the underbrush. Each man in the squad was .left to
make his own way. Taylor and a comrade were cautiously
going along a crooked path, when they came to a thick
clump of bushes, and each went on cither side of it, when
they could discern rebel uniforms through the bushes at
the distance of about twenty feet. They both brought
their guns to their shoulders at the same time. Taylor's
gun missed fire, but his comrade's went oflF. No sooner
had this been done than a dozen or more guns were aimed
at them. They immediately fell flat on their faces, and
thus escaped unharmed, although the bushes were cut all
around them. As soon as the rebels had emptied their
guns they jumped up and ran back as fast as j)o.ssible, and
succeeded in joining the regiment, with one man fatally and
two seriously wounded.

Mr. Taylor returned from the war with shattered health,
which it took him a year to regain. After being partially
restored he attended school at Falley and Cazenovia semi-
naries, maintaining himself in school by teaching winters.
After completing his education he taught school ten years.

In the spring of 1870 he was elected collector of the town
of Granby. In June of the same year he was commissioned
United States census marshal for the town of Grauby. In



187G he entered the field with tliirteen others as a candidate
for county clerk. He received the nomination on iho
seventh ballot, by a vote of one hundred and six to seventy-
one. He was elected by a majority of three thousand and
sixty-three, running ahead of the electoral ticket two hun-
dred and sixty-four votes. He always took an active
interest in jiotitics, being a Republican from principle, and
labored energetically for the success of his party. Ho
makes a cajiital officer, and is in every respect a promising
young man.



LUCIUS R. CROCKER.

This gentleman was born at RensselaerviUc, Albany county,
New York, in the year 18U1. He settled in Oswego city
between the years 1825 and 1828, and entered into the
mercantile business with Edward Bronson, and was one of
the members of the firm of Bronson, Mai-shall & Co., which
subsequently became that of Bronson & Crocker.




HCIfS H. CROCKER.

In 1831, Mr. Cnxkir was united in marriage with Misa
Ann Eliza Pardee. In 1848 he was elected one of the
original directors in the Oswego city board of trade. In
the years 185G-5S he occuiiied the position of mayor of
the city, and fulfilled the duties of the office t^) the general
satisfaction of the people.

Mr. Crocker wa.s a shrewd and successful business man,
whose mercantile talents were recognized by those with
whom he had dealings, and respeeU'd by them. He w:ls
courteous in mannei-s, and of unblemished personal honor



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