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served ten mouths; mustered out with regiment.
Royal D. Calkins, priv., Co. E, 184th N. Y. V. ; enl'd Aug. 25, 186 1 ;

served one year; mustered out with regiment.
Lucius B. Cole, priv., Co. G, 184th N. Y. V.; enl'd Aug. 26, 1S61;

served one year ; mustered out with regiment.
John Calkins, priv., Co. G, 184th N. Y. V. ; enlisted Aug. 24, 1864.
Florence M. Calkins, Co. G, 184th N. Y. V.; enl'd Aug. 26, 1804.
Alexander Champlin, 81st N. Y. V. ; enlisted March 15, 1804.






Light Art.; enlisted March 1.5, 1864.



John Cooper, private, 147th N. Y. V.; enlisted March 30, 1864.

Marcus A. Cory, private; enlisted April 12, 1865.

Allen L. Conant, i.riv., lS4th N. Y. V.; enlisted April 20, 1.S64.



I.yman Clark, priv., Co. K, '.Ulh \. Y. V.: died Aur. 15, I8«2.

Truman Comstook, priv., Co. D, K'fith N. Y. V.; killed at Geltys-
burg, July 2, 1863.

.L.soph Clark, private, Co. E, 54lh N. Y. V. : enlisted March 18.

Adolbert Clark, private, Co. C, 147th New York Vnlunteors.

llauford ClaRlin, Co. IS, 1 10th Now York Voluutoera.

David Cronk, Co. C, 147lh New York Volunteers.

Olon Clark, priv., Mlh H. Art.; dis. by reason of w'ds roc'd in battlo.

Milton Crocker, Bat. A, Ist Lt. Art. ; enlisted Deo. 28, 1864.

Joseph Colwell, IBlh U. S. Inf. ; enlisted Fob. 25, 1862.

Morris S. Dunbar, priv., Co. B, 110th Kogt. Enl'd Aug. 7, 18C2 ; in
battles of Port Hudson, Camp Beardslce, Caiva Croubin, and
others; served three years ; honorably discharged.

George P. Doane, priv., lS4th Regt. Served ono year ; mustered out

llartwell Dunlap, priv., Co. E, 189th Regt. Musteretl out with regt.

Johnson Depuy, priv., Co. E, 189th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1804.

Peter Dolly, priv., Co. G, 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 24, 1864.

James Donnelly, private. Substitute for Goo. Piatt.

John Doyle, priv., Co. A, 9th Artillery. Enlisted February 24, 1864.

James Dormity, priv., Co. A, 9th Artillery. Enlisted Mar. 13, 1864.

Frederick Doane, musician, 147th Kegt. Enlisted March 12, 1864.

Dennis Deegan, priv., 147th Regiment. Enlisted March 29, 1864.

George Dean, private, 184th Regiment. Enlisted August 27,1861.

Henry G. Doano, priv., Co. A, 35th Regt. Died June 18, 1861.

Peter Dwight. Enlisted August 27, 1804.

Searlcs Damon, Co. B, UOth Regiment.

Samuel Doane, Co. B, UOth Regiment.

Monroe A. Doane, Co. C, 147th Regiment.

Charles Damon. Enlisted August, 1863, in the Invalid Corps.

George W. Dcane. Enlisted August 30, 1864.

Archibald Decory, priv., Co. C, 147th Regiment. Enlisted Aug., 1863.

Cyrus Emery, Co. B, 110th Regiment.

Alonzo Erskinc, Co. B, 110th Regiment.

Ralph Eggleston, Co. C, 147th Regiment.

A. A. Fellows, capt., Co. B, UOth Regt. Enlisted Aug. 12, 1861, in

the 39th 111. Vols. ; in battles of Hancock and Winchester, Va. ;

taken prisoner at Winchester; fifty-two days in Libby prison ;

dis. at Washington, May 22, 1862: while in the UOth was in

battle of Camp Bisland and sieges of Port Hudson, Fort Myers,

and Natural Bridge, in Florida.
James G. Fellows, priv., Co. B, 110th Regt. In battles of Camp

Bisland, Port Hudson, and others; mustered out July U, 1865.
Francis Filkins, priv., Co. G, lS4th. Enlisted August 26, 1864.
Delos Filkins, priv., Co. F, 1st Artillery. Enlisted Feb. 24, 1864.
Peter Foruer, priv., 81st Regiment.

James P. Froney, priv., lS4th. Enlisted August 26, 1864.
John R. Fender, priv. Enlisted April 12, 1865.
Anthony Ferry, priv. Enlisted August 30, 1864.
Anthony Filkins, priv., Co. E, 14th U. S. Inf. Died June 1, 1803.
John S. Foreman, sergt., Co. K, 148th Reg. Died Juno 16, 1861, of

wounds received at Cold Harbor.
Andrew Fish, Co. E, I47th Regiment.

C. Fairchild, Co. B, 24th Regiment. Enlisted February 25, 1863.
Peter Fonor, 81st Regiment. Enlisted March 15, 1803.
John A. Finlay, 16th Infantry. Enlisted February 12, 1863.
William H. Gardner, priv., Co. E, I89th Kegt. Enl'd Aug. 27, 1864.
Charles Gotham. Enlisted December 19, 1804.
Franklin Graham, priv., Co. C, 50th Regt. Enlisted Sept. 10, 1861 ;

served three years in Engineer Corps; rc-enlistcd February 1,

1864 ; mustered out with regiment,
(ieorge Gray, priv. Enlisted April 1, 1865.






184th. Enlisted August 27



Wm. Goodrow, priv., 184th. Enlisted August 2'J. IKIii.

Charles Guernsey, priv., Co. C, 147th Uegt. Killed June 4, ISfil. at

Cold Harbor.
Ilczekiah Gilbert, priv., Co. A, 111th. Died June II, 1805.
Michael Guard, priv., 5Uth Engineers. Enlisted Feb. 13, 1863.
David n. Holmes, priv., Co. B, UOth. Enl'd Aug. 6, 1862; served

three years; was in battles of Bisland, Port Hudson, etc.
Decader Harmon, mus., Co. K, 81st. Served three years; re-enlisted;

mustered out with regiment August 30, 1865.
Sylvanus Harris, sergt., Co. G, 24th Regt. Enlisted Dec. 31, 18G3 }

was in battles of Wilderness, Sp«ttsylvani», North Anno, Cold

Harbor, Petersburg, ai.d Thnlchir'f Run.



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



James Holmes. Enlisted December 19, lS6i.

Chester Hare, private. Enlisted August 18, 1863.

Thomas Hardy, priv., Co. C, 1st Art. Eulistcd March 31, 18B1.

Daniel Hilliher, private, 184th Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 20, 18G1.

Nathan Holmes, private, 193d Regiment. Enlisted April 7, 1865.

Anson Hoag, private, Co. K, 81st Regiment.

George M. Haven, priv., Co. C, 147th Rcgt. Died March 7, 1863.

Degrass Hanners, priv., Co. C, 147th Regt. Killed July 1, 1863, at

Gettysburg.
Elias Hanners, priv., Co. C, 147th Regt. Died July 15, 1863, of

wounds received at Gettysburg.
Joseph Hagar, priv., Co. K, 81st Regt. Killed June 4, 1864, at Cold

Harbor.
John Howell, priv., Co. G, 91st Pennsylvania. Died April 1, 1862.
Delos D. Holmes, priv., Co. B, 110th Rcgt. Died March 1, 1864.
Lorenzo W. Horton, priv., Co. C, 147th Regt. Died Aug. 25, 1864,

Erastus R. Holdridge, priv., Co. C, 147th Rcgt.

Delano D. Hollis, private, Co. B, 110th Regiment.

.Sylvanus Holmes, Co. G, 24th Cavalry.

Thomas W. Henry, private. Enlisted August 27, 1864.

Orson Ingersoll, priv., Co. G, 184th. Enlisted August 24, 1864.

Isaac N. Ingersoll, priv., Co. E, 189th. Enlisted August 26, 1864.

Jesse A. Ingersoll, priv., Co. E, 14th U. S. Inf. Killed May 5, 1864,

at Wilderness.
Franklin Ingersoll, priv., Co. E, 3Dth Wisconsin. Died Jan. 31, 1864.
Eldridge W. Jones, priv., Co. G, 184th Rcgt. Enl'd Aug. 24, 1864.
A. D. W. Jones, sergt., Co. C, 147th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 21, 1862 ;
in battles of Gettysburg, Mile Run, Hay Market, Wilderness,
Spottsylvania, Hatcher's Run, and others; wounded in the groin
at Spottsylvania.
Charles H. Jones, priv., 81st Regt. Enl'd Sept. 4, 1861; dis. May, 1863.
Elbridge W. Jones, priv., 184th Rcgt. Enlisted August, 1864.
James A. Jones, private, Co. B, 110th Regiment.
Peter Kelly, private, Co. B, 110th Regiment. Enlisted Aug. 1, 1862.
Thomas W. Kearney, private, 147th Regt. Enlisted March 31, 1864.
Samuel J. Kcelcr, private, 184th Regt. Enlisted August 27, 1864.
Samuel Keller, private, 9th Heavy Artillery.
Thos. Kernan, private, 14th Heavy Artillery.

Henry H. Lyman, 1st lieut. and adjt., 147th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 21,
1862; in battles of Gettysburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness;
captured May 5, 1864; released March 1, 1865; promoted to 2d
lieut., Co. C, Feb. 24, 1863 ; to 1st licut., Co. C, Jan. 8, 1S64 ; to
adj't., J.an. 17, 1861.
Frank S. Loomis,-sergt., Co. D, 6th Cav. Enlisted Sept. 25, 1862;
in battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, second Bull Bun,
West Point, Pottaw's Bridge, Malvern Hill, and others.
G. Lampman, priv., Co. G, 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1864.
Joseph H. Lamb, priv., Co. G, 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 25, 1S64.
Louis Lagerden, private. Enlisted Dec. 19, 1864; substitute.
John Larkin, priv., Co. A, 9th Artillery. Enlisted March 15, 1864.
Charles D. Lathrop, priv., 81st Regt. Enlisted March 31, 1864.
Lucius Lefever, priv., 193d Regt. Enlisted April 6, 1865.
Addison Leadley, priv., lS4th Regt, Enlisted April 13, 1865.
Seymour B. Moody, priv., Co. E, 10th Art. Enlisted Aug. II, 1862.
Henry H. Moody, Corp., Co. E, 10th Art. Enl'd Aug. 8, 1862 ; in

battle of Petersburg.
Delano G. Moody, priv., Co. G, lS4th Regt. Enlisted August, 1864.
A. N. Maltby, 1st sergt., Co. G, 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 22, 1864 ;

promoted from 2d sergt. to orderly Nov. 1, 1864.
Ulric Z. Maltby, priv., Co. G, lS4th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 23, 1864.
Judah Macy, priv., Co. I, 193d Regt. Enlisted March 8, 1865.
Theodore Macy, private, Co. I, 193d Regt. Enlisted M.arch 8, 1865.
Stephen Monroe, priv., Co. E, 148th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1864.
Oliver B. Mooney, priv., Co. E, lS9th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 24, 1864.
Henry M. Mason, priv., Co. G, 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1864.
George Moon, priv., Co. G, 184th Regt. Enlisted August 24, 1864.
Wm. Mandigo, priv. Enlisted Aug. 15, 1863; a substitute.
Wm. Munderbach, priv. Enlisted Aug. 18, 1863; a substitute.
Henry Martin, priv., Co. A, 9th Art. Enlisted March 15, 1864.
Henry McGrain, priv., Co. B, 181st Rcgt. Enlisted March 15, 1864.
Edward McFee, priv., 184th Rcgt. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1864.
Andrew Mosher, priv., 184th Rcgt. Enlisted Aug. 29, 1864.
Henry Milton, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 25, 1864 ; substitute.
Adelbert A. Mason, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted September 1, 1864.



Avery Mandigo, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted August, 1864.
Charles H. McCarty, priv., Co. C, 147th Rcgt. Died May 4, 1863,

at Chancellorsville.
Merritt A. MeChesney, priv., Co. A, 147th Regt. Died Feb. 27,

1863, at Belle Plain, Virginia.
James M. Maxon, priv., Co. K, Slst Regt. Died November 11, 1862.
Jas. M. MeChesney, priv., Co. A, 17th U. S. Inf. Died in rebel prison.
George H. Morton, navy. Died.
Wm. McLellan, Jr., priv., Co. A, 2d Art. Killed June 17, 1864, at

Petersburg.
Henry Mcllen. Enlisted August 25, 1863 ; quartermaster.
Stephen Monroe. Enlisted August 29, 1864.
John Nagle, private. In battles of Port Hudson, Donelsonville,

Camp Bisland, Sabin Cross-Roads, etc.
John Nicolson, priv., Co. C, 147th Regt. Enl'd Aug. 26, 1863.
George Nicolson, priv., Co. A, 1st Art. Enlisted March, 1864;

wounded on picket duty; died near Washington.
Albert L. Nelson, priv., Co. B, 110th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 6, 1862;
in battles of Port Hudson, Franklin, Camp Bisland, Sabin Cross-
Roads, and others.
Morritt Noyce, Co. G, 189th Regiment. Enlisted August 26, 1864.
F.M. Niles, priv., 37th Regt. Enlisted May 2, 1861; wounded at

battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia ; discharged.
Porter M. Niles, navy. Enlisted September 1, 1864.
Clcrland Newton, priv., 9th Cavalry. Enlisted Jan. 4, 1864.
Charles Oliver. Enlisted December 19, 1864; substitute.
George Omens, priv., 9th Cavalry. Enlisted January 4, 1864.
D. D. Owen, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted Sept. 1, 1864 ; promoted to

1st lieut. ; discharged with regiment.
James T. Outterson, capt., 184th Regt. Enlisted August, 1864.
Charles Prododeit, priv., Co. B, llOth Regt. Enl'd Aug. 7, 1862;

trans, to 1st La. Cav.; mustered out July 13, 1865.
Dwight D. Porter, priv., Co. E, 189th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 27, 1864 ;

mustered out with regiment.
David S. Princcll. Enlisted December 19, 1854; substitute.
John Perry. Enlisted December 19, 1864 ; substitute.
Lewis Pierce, priv., Co. A, 2d Art. Enlisted February 20, 1864.
Leman Pierce, priv., Co. A, 2d Art. Enlisted February 20, 1864.
Henry H. Phillips, priv., Co. B, Slst Regt. Enlisted Mar. 28, 1864.
Christmas Pill, priv., Co. I, 184th Rcgt. Enlisted August 8, 1864.
W. A. Palmerton, priv., 2d Mich. Served three years; honorably dis.
Richard Phillips, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted August 27, 1864.
Francis N. Potter, priv., Co. F, 1st N. Y. Art. Died May 1, 1864.
Luke Potter, priv., Co. C, 147th Regt. Died February 12, 1863.
Charles Pettingal, priv., Co. E, 110th Rcgt. Died July 3, 1863.
George W. Potter, private, Co. B, 110th Regiment.
Willard Parker, 14th Heavy Artillery.
Richard Pratt, 14th Heavy Artillery.
W. H. Paddock, Co. K, 8th Cavalry.
Wm. Pierce, 2d Heavy Artillery.

Wm. Person, 16th Infantry. Enlisted March 28, 1864.
George Philbrick, private, Co. C, 147th Regiment.
Edward Parker, 1st lieutenant, Co. C, 147th Regiment.
Chandler Pike, 16th Infantry. Enlisted February 27, 1862.
Randolph Rathbun, priv., Co. E, 189th Regt. Enl'd Aug. 27, 1864;

mustered out with regiment.
Charles G. Russell, priv., Co. E, 189th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1864.
John R. Russell. Enlisted December 19, 1864; a substitute.
John A. Robbins, priv., 9th Cavalry. Enlisted January 4, 1864.
Wm. Robbins, priv., Co. C, 147th Regt. Died May 11, 1863; Madi-
son battle.
John A. Bobbins, priv., Co. C, 147th Regt. Died March 20, 1864.
James H. Russell, priv., Co. E, 4th Minnesota Regt. KiUed Oct. 5,

1SC4, at Altoona.
Henry D. Rogers, serg., Co. B, 110th Regt. Died April 26, 1863.
Richard Robbins, priv., Co. B, 110th Regt. Died October 7, 1803.
Jesse Robbins. Enlisted August 10, 1863.
James Robbins, Co. B, 147th Regiment.
Hiram Russcl, priv., 1st Light Artillery.
James Reynolds, priv., Co. K, 110th Reg't. Enlisted Aug., 1863;

mustered out with regiment.
Thomas Salmon, priv., Co. H, 54th Inf. Enlisted Deo. 22, 1863 ; dis.

for disability.
Dexter Sampson, priv., Co. K, 81st Regt. Enlisted Nov. 1, 1801 ;
re-enlisted Jan. 1, 1864; in battles of Swift Creek, Pilot Hill.



4







,.4-V-^



,..K^:




'/l£W ON OSWEGO RIVER, NEAR FULTON,NY



TIISTOIIY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NKW YOUK.



225



Drury's Bluff, Cold Harbor, aud others ; imistired out August 30,

1865.
Silas H. Seymour, priv., Co. E, ISyth. Kulistod Aug. 27, ISG.I; iu

battles Five Forks, Dabney's Jlills, etc.
Irving Sherman, priv., Co. G, 184lh Kegt. Knlistcd Aug. 2", ISO-l;

mustered out with regiment.
Orgin Simpson. Enlisted Sept. 19, 1S64 ; a substitute.
Geo. Sherman. Enlisted December 19, 1864: a substitute.
Kimball Stockwell. Enlisted December 19, 1864; a substitute.
Michael Stratton, priv., Co. A, 9th Art. Enlisted March 15, 1864.
Charles B. Spencer, priv., 184tb Rcgt. Enlisted August 27, 1864.
D. M. Spencer, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 29, 1864.
Geo. L. Sampson, priv., 148th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 29, 1864.
John Short, priv., 42d Pa. Regt. Enlisted July 29, 1864.
Garret D. Sweet, priv., Co. I, 193d Regt. April 7, 1885.
Emery Sampson, priv., Co. B, 110th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 6, 1862;

mustered out with regiment.
James L. Smith, priv., 184lh Regt. Enlisted Aug. 27, 1864.
Reuben Salsbury, corp.. Bat. G, N. Y. Art. Killed Sept. 17, 1862, at

Antietam.
D. Aaron Spalsbury, priv., 94th. Killed Aug. 30, 1861, at Bull Run.
Geo. W. Snow, priv., Co. A, 14th Brooklyn S. M. Died Jan. 20, 1802.
Albeit Stowell, priv., Co. C, 110th Regt. Died January 16, 1863.
Erwin B. Shedd, priv., Co. H, 1st N. Y. Art. Died March 12, 1865.
James F. Salmon, navy. Died Feb. 25, 1864, on b'rd U. S. st. De Soto.
Nahum Soules, Co. B, UOth Regiment.

Joseph Stubbs, 14th Heavy Artillery. Enlisted Dec. 21, 1863.
Oren Stewart, priv., Co. C, 14rth Regiment.

Hudson Spalding, priv., 94th Regiment. Enlisted Jan., 1862; hon-
orably discharged after three years' service.
Robt. Sherman, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 27, 1S64.
Raljih Sherman, Co. B, llOth Regiment.
Thaddous W. Tyler, priv., Co. E, 184th Regt. Enl'd Aug. 24, 1804 ;

mustered out with regiment.
Marshall Thompson, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted August 25, 1864.
William Thompson, Co. C, 147th Regiment,
Lafayette Taylor, private. Deserted.
Henry Thomas, Co. K, 81st Regiment.
Luke Tryon, 1st Artillery.



John S. Wilcox, priv., Co. E, 189th. Enlisted Aug. 27, 1864 ; in bat-

ties Hatcher's Run, Gravel Run, FivoForka; Borved nine months;

honorably discharged.
John M. Williams, priv. Enlisted May 10, 1861 ; in battles of Pitu"-

burg Landing, Stone River, Chiokamauga ; mustered out Juno,

1864 ; re-enlisted ; mustered out with regiment.
Wm. Webb, priv., Co. B, UOth Regt. Enlisted Aug., 1802 ; in battle

of Cnnip Bislaud; mustered out Apr. 18, 1864.
Wm. H. Watkins, priv., Co. B, llOth Regt. Enlisted Aug., 1862;

served three years; mustered out with regiment.
Charles N. Walworth, priv., Co. B, UOth Regiment. Enlisted Aug.,

1862; discharged for phys. disability March 8, 1864.
John Wilson, )>riv., Co. B, UOth Regt. Enlisted Aug. 2, 1862; in

battles of Port Hudson, Cump Bislaud ; served 3 yrs ; hon. dis.
Adclbert Warner, priv., Co. E, 189th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 27, 1804;

mustered out with regt.
Wm. Walworth, priv., Co. E, 189th Regt. Mustered out with regt.
B. M. Woodruff, priv., Co. E, 189th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 27, 1864;

mustered out with regiment.
Sylvanus Wolcott, priv., Co. E, 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1864 ;

mustered out with regiment.
Allen B. Wescott, priv., Co. E, 189th Regt. Enlisted Aug., 1864.
John Williams. Enlisted Deo. 19, 1864 ; a substitute.
Hiram Willard. Enlisted Dec. 19, 1864 ; a substitute.
Lewis Wood, priv., Co. A, 2d Art. Enlisted March 7, 1864.
David J. White, priv., 147th Regt. Enlisted March, 1864.
Alpheus West, priv., 184th. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1864.
Wm. Williams, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1864.
Simon P. Winon, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted Aug. 30, 1864.
Frank D. Weaver, priv., 193d Regt. Enlisted April U, 1865.
Samuel Wood, priv., 184th Regt. Enlisted August 30, 1864.
Robert Wells, priv.. Cavalry. Died April U, 1865.
Martin A. Wilco.x, priv., Co. H, 16th Wis. Died Sept. 10, 1864.
Edward White, priv., Co. B, 105th Regt. Killed Aug. 30, 1861, at

Bull Run.
AVm. C. Weed, priv., Co. B, UOth Regt. Died April 21,1863.
Burton White, priv., Co. E, 147th Regt. Died May 26, 1863.
John Wolcott, priv., 14th Heavy Artillery.
Brown M. WouJworth, [.riv., 189lh Regiment.



VOLNEY.



In March. 1806, a large tract of land was taken from I
the old town of Mexico (then belonging to Oneida county), [
known as the fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, I
eighteenth, aud twenty-fourth townships of Scriba's patent, i
including the present towns of Scriba, Volney, Palermo, |
and Schroeppel. This extensive territory, when formed |
into a town, was called Fredericksburgh, the original name
of the seventeenth township, in honor of Mr. Scriba's son, j
Frederick William. The fourteenth survey-township in-
cluded the great part of the present town of Palermo, and
was called Brugen. The fifteenth conjprised the north part
of the present town of Volney, and a narrow strip on the
west side of Palermo. It was surveyed by Elijah Blake
aud Ebenezer Wright, in 1796, and called Mcntz. The
sixteenth, composed of the south part of Volney and west
part of Schroeppel, was called Georgia, and was surveyed
by Moses Wright, in 1796. The seventeenth was called
Fredericksburgh, and was surveyed by Benjamiti Winch
and Miles Doolittle, in 1796. It was the largest township



of the six above named, and included the south half of the
present town of Scriba and the west third of Volney. The
eighteenth survey-township was called Oswego. It was
surveyed by Elijah Blake, in 1794, and included that
part of the present town of Scriba north of the base-line
of Scriba's patent. The twentj'-fourth township was called
Erlang, and included the east part of Schroeppel, but the
name of the surveyor we are not able to give. The two
Wrights before named, Ebenezer and Moses, were cousins
of Benjamin Wright, the chief surveyor of the patent.
Ebenezer was a noted man in the history of the town, and
will be noticed in the proper place.

In April, 1811, the eighteenth township, with a part of
the seventeenth, was formed into a town by itself, and
called Scriba, after the patentee. At the same time, the
name of Fredericksburgh wa.s dropped, and the remaining
territory was called Volney, in honor of the celebrated
French philosopher of that name, who visited this locality
in 1808. This gentleman, iu making a voyage from



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUiNTY, NEW YORK.



Montreal, encountered a terrible storm on the lake, by which
he lost many of his papers, and came near losing his life.
■ On arriving at Oswego, he came directly up the river to
Oswego falls, and put up with Noah A. Whitney for a few
days, to re-write what he had lost, and recover from the
effects of his perilous journey. Mr. Whitney was so
charmed with his guest that, when the next town was to
be named, he proposed that it should be called Volney, and
the suggestion was adopted. In April, 1832, Palermo and
Schroeppel were taken off, leaving Volney at its present
size; with one hundred and seventy lots situated in three
survey-townships, — eighty-three in the fifteenth, forty-six
in the seventeenth, and forty-one in the sixteenth.

The town is watered by several small streams, the largest
of which is Black creek. This rises in the north part of
the town, runs northwest into the town of New Haven, then
through Scriba, afterwards back into Volney, and, finally,
into the Oswego river near Battle island. The creek runs
through two or three lakes, and has several saw-mills upon
it, of which we will mention Peck's, at Peck's Mills, Stone's,
in Scriba, and Van Buren's, near Oswego river.

The second stream in size is Spafford's, which rises in
the town of Schroeppel, runs northwesterly, on the east
border of Fulton, and empties into the O.swego river, just
below the village. The six-mile creek rises near the centre
of Volney, and runs southeasterly, through the hamlet of
Gilbert's Mills, into the Oneida river. Bell creek rises in
town, and runs .south past Hull's Corners into the six-mile
creek, about two miles north of its mouth.

The Oswego river is on the west border of the town for
about ten miles, and furnishes an immense amount of water-
power for manufacturing purposes. Prior to the completion
of the Erie canal, the transportation by water between
Schenectady and Oswego was only interrupted by a " carry-
ing-place" of about one mile between the Mohawk river
and Wood creek, near Rome, and the " portage" at Oswego
falls, of about the same distance. This portage, at an early
day, caused the two celebrated places to grow up, called the
" Upper Landing" and " Lower Landing." They were
situated at the head and foot of the rapids, about one mile
apart, the present village of Fulton being about midway
between the two places.

FIRST SETTLEMENT.

The first permanent settler of the present town of Volney
was Daniel Masters, who located at the " Upper Landing"
in 1793. He was a blacksmith by trade, and occupied a
house near Bradstreet's fort. His business at the anvil
could not have been very driving, as the settlers in the
vicinity were very scarce, only two or three families having
settled on the opposite side of the river the year previous.
Mr. Masters made himself very conspicuous in one thing at
least, the making of spear-heads, for which he received the
invariable price of one dollar each in silver. He was a con-
stable of the great town of Mexico in ISOO, and a path-
master of the same town in 1803.

He kept the first hotel within the present town of Vol-
ney as early as 179-1. After a few years he moved to an
island near Sackett's Harbor, and died there.

The second settler was Lawrence Van Valkenbursrh,



from Chatham, Columbia county, New York, familiarly
called "the major," who located about two miles below the
present village of Fulton, at what is now called the
" Orchard Lock," in 1795. His family consisted of him-
self, his wife, his son Abraham and his wife, and a younger
son named James. The latter was killed at Salina at an
early date, leaving no descendants. The former was the
father of Colonel Ephraim Van Valkenburgh, late of Ful-
ton, who was the firat white child born in town, in 1796.
The Van Valkenburghs bought six hundred acres of land,
and built their house on the point, a little southwest of the
" Orchard Lock." All that remains now to show where the
house stood is the cellar.

The major kept a public-house here from about the first,
this being a convenient stopping-place in going from Oswego
to " Salt Point," and returning, Syracuse not being thought
of at that time.

The house above referred to was composed of three com-
partments, the two extremes being built of logs, and the
centre being a frame. The frame part was used for dances,
town-meetings, and other public gatherings.

The first town-meeting of Fredoricksburgh was held at
this house, and will be noticed in the proper place. Major
Van Valkenburgh made this his permanent residence until
his death, about 1828.

His son Abraham was quite a prominent man of the
early times, having held various ofiices in the town of
Mexico from 1798 until Fredoricksburgh was formed, in
181)6. He was licensed to keep a public-house as early as
1797, as will be .seen by the following, which is a true
copy of the original, now among the records of Mexico :

"State of New York,')
"Herkimer County, j **'



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