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of Oswego County's representative pioneer men.

Holsey Hubbard united with the Metliodist Episcopal
church in 1853. His wife united with the same church in
1820, when she was only nineteen years of age. She was
very careful in the religious instruction of her children, was
an example of pure, intelligent womanhood, and seemed to
live a life unspotted before the world, honored and respected.
She died in her seventy-fourth year, in the year 1875.

In politics he was originally a Democrat, but upon the
formation of the Republican party joined its ranks, remaining
firm to its principles until his death. He was a warm sup-
porter of school and church interests, and contributed lib-
erally for its support. Being denied the advantages of a
common-school education while young, he gave his children
as good an opportunity as his means would afford.

He died May 5, 1875, being in his seventy-third year.



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NKW YORK.





WILLIAM INGELL.



MRS. WM. INOELL.



WILLIAM INGELL.



The subject of this sketch w:is born in the town of
Chester, Hampden county, Massachusetts, September 16,
1792. He was the son of Seth Ingell, of English descent,
and iiis great-grandfather was of English birth, having
emigrated from England, in the year 1620, on board the
" Mayflower."

William was the sixth child and fourth son of a family
of seven children, and lived at home with his father, who
was a farmer by occupation, until he was twenty-three
years of age. At the age of twenty-orie he married Miss
Esther Whittemore, of New England birth and of English
and Scotch descent, in the year 1813, April 20, with whom
he lived in wedded life upwards of sixty years. In the
year 1815 he came alone to the town of Voluey, Oswego
County, bought one hundred and fifty acres of timber-
land, cut the first stick of timber, built a log house, and
cleared a small piece of land. In the fall of that year he
returned to Massachusetts, and remained with his wife until
spring, when he, his wife, and infant daughter came and
settled permanently upon his new farm, itself being and
surrounded by an almost trackless wilderness. For a
number of years subsequent to this, and during his early
life, he was active in the administration of the affairs of his
town, and held successively nearly all the offices in the gift
of the people.

All these responsibilities were discharged with unwaver-
ing fidelity, and during all his long and active life the
confidence of his tellow-citizens was never betrayed by a
single intentional wrong act.

There were born to Mr. and Mrs. Ingell seven children,
viz. : Sophia, William F., Mary C, Isaac Newton, Egbert
N., Edson D., and Lydia A. Ingell.

Sophia married Hiram Parker, of Herkimer county, New
York. They have three children, — Theodore H., P]dward
N., and Minerva S. Parker. All are living. The mother
died 1844, April 20.

William F. married Miss Minerva Parker, daughter of
Patten and Sarah Parker, of Oswego County, in the year
1840. Her great-grandfather wiis of Scottish birth, and,
emigrating from Scotland, settled in the town of Argyle,
Washington county. New York.

They have one daughter, named Florence Adell, who



married W. H. Garlock, of Monroe county, and now resides
in Dayton, Ohio.

William F. resides upon the farm first settled upon by
his fiither, and has erected fine buildings, and it is now one
of the oldest-settled places in the town, with ornamental
trees of large growth, and fruit-bearing trees of over half a
century's growth, placed there by the hands of his father.

Mary C. married James M. Chesbro, of the town of
Volney, in the year 1836. He was son of Joseph Chesbro,
of Connecticut, who came to Oswego County about 1816,
and was among the pioneers of this town. They followed
the occupation of farming for a while, and removed to the
village of Fulton, where they now reside.

Isaac Newton, Egbert N., and Edson D. died in infancy.
Lydia A. married E. N. Carrier, of Oswego County, in the
year 1850. He was the son of Harvey Carrier, a native of
Ma.ssachusetts, and .settled in the town of Volney about
1817, and was numbered among the representative men of
his town. Have two children, — William H. and Leman J.
They are farmers, and now live in Phoenix.

About the year 1835, William Ingell united with the
Methodist Episcopal church at Fulton, his wife connecting
herself with the church at the same time. He remained
a steadfast member of that body, contributing for its sup-
port up to the time of his death, which took place at his
old home.stead June 19, 1873, aged eighty-one years. The
wife and mother is still living, having been spared to see
four generations of her own family, and is now in her
eighty-sixth year, quite strong and healthy, looking down
life's journey almost to the end. She resides with her
children, who desire to remember their father and mother
as among the pioneers of the county, by engravings of their
portraits on the pages of the history of tlie county to which
they so much contributed.

In politics, William Ingell was originally a Whig, but
subsequently became a Democrat opposed to slavery, and
stood firm for the Union during it,s years of peril. His
son, William F., enlisted in the service in 1861, and con-
tinued until its close.

Those who knew William Ingell best will cherish his
memory as a faithful hu.sband, a kind father, and a worthy,
useful, and highly-esteemed citizen.



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.




ISAAC MAKKHAJ



JASON S. MARKHAM.



The subject of this sketch was born in the town of Mad-
ison, in Madison county, May G, 1814. He was the son of
Isaac Markham, who was born in Great Barrington, Connecti-
cut, in the year 1780, and was a lineal descendant of Abijah
Markham, who emigrated with his brother William from
England (he coming from Liverpool and the brother from [
Sheffield), and settled in Boston in the year 1627, and en-
gaged largely in the shipping business, and assisted in
building the first wharf and first storehouse in that city.

Isaac Markham was a farmer by occupation, and at tlie
age of seventeen removed to Oneida county, and after a few 1
years removed to Madison county, and remained until the '
year 1816, when he removed to the town of Volney, Os-
wego County, and settled on lot 63, buying the entire lot. j
He was married in Madison county to MissSusau Howard, !
daughter of Ebenezer Howard, whose forefathers settled in j
Bridgewater, Massachusetts, in the year 1632, being of
English birth. Siie was born in the year 1776. There
were thirteen children of this family, of whom the subject j
of this sketch was the eighth child. He was only two
years old when his father removed to Oswego County,
and remained at home with his father until he was sixteen |
years old, and went to Oswego and learned the trade of
blacksmithing, working on the firet steamboat (" United
States'") run on Lake Ontario, which upon its completion on
its first trip went on a pleasure or trial trip. Jason S., being
entitled to ten berths as second engineer of the boat, invited
ten of the oldest men of the town of Volney to accompany
him on the excursion. He, at the age of twenty-four, re-
turned to Madison county, working at his trade there for !
some ten years, and in 1848 came back to Oswego County,
bought three hundred acres of timber-land and built a saw-
mill, cleared a large part of it, and has since that time dealt
largely in real estate. His father was one of the pioneers
of the town. Always active in business, very few have
such a record of labor as he, having chopped and cleared
over three hundred acres of land. He died January 9
1850. His wife died in 1832. Catching the spirit and
energy of the father, Jason S. has been numbered among
the representative men of his town. Begiiming with no as-
sistance but his own hands, he now ranks financially among
the first men of his town. An incident of his early life
which maybe interesting to his ofl'spring is related by him-



self, as follows: when eiglit years old he went after the
cows, was lost in the woods, and remained all night, and
during the night was surrounded by the wolves as he cud-
dled down by the side of one of the cows. Fortunately, a
bear came and drove away the wolves, but seemed bound to
secure the prey for himself; but the daring of Jason, by
breaking sticks around trees and rattling the cow-bell, some-
how intimidated the bear, until he finally reached home
safely about ten o'clock next day.

A second incident related by him is as follows : while a
boy he started on a horse with a bag of corn through the
woods to Oswego Falls to Falley'smill to get it ground, find-
ing his way only by marked trees. While at the mill he saw
a school of salmon in the race, and notifying Mr. Falley and
Mr. Clute (an old fisherman) of the fact, they all proceeded
to the spot and caught twelve barrels of fish, Jason getting
for his share one large salmon, weighing some twenty-five
pounds, which he carried home in one end of his bag and
his meal in the other.

Before leaving Madison county, at the age of twenty-nine
and in the year 1843, he married Miss Harriet Risley,
daughter of Eleazer Risley, of Ohio, whose forefathers were
of English birth. To Mr. and Mrs. Markham were born five
children: Emma, Charles S., Helen E., Estella, and Isabella
Markham. All are alive except Emma, who died at the
age of eighteen, September lU, 1861.

Charles S. married Miss Almary Waugh ; have three
children, and live near his father.

Helen E. married Mr. Monroe Skeels ; have one daughter,
and reside in the town of Volney. Estella married Mr.
James Jones, and resides in the town of Scriba. Isabella,
youngest daughter, resides at home and is unmarried.

Jason S. Markham united with the Methodist Episcopal
church when twenty-one years old, and remained a member
of that body until the present time. He has taken the lead
in his vicinity in the building of churches and schools, and
supported liberally all interests looking to the advancement
of education and the establishment of good society.

In politics, he is a Republican, having formerly be-
longed to the Barn-burner party. Never takes a very
active part in political matters, but uses his vote with
consideration.

He is now in his sixty-fourth year, having spent a life of
activity and usefulness, honored and respected by all who
know him.



i



HISTORY OF OSWK(iO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



253





FREEMAN GASPER.



FllEEMAN GASPER.



FREEMAN GASPER.



The subject of this sketch was born in Ashford, Wind-
ham county, Connecticut, November 10, 1794. He was
the son of Joseph Gasper, of French parentage, who married
Miss Eunice Stanley, of Enghsh descent, in the year 1789.
The father removed to Berkshire county, Massachusetts,
when Freeman was only one year old, and in the year
1795, and there remained some seventeen years, when the
father died, at the age of fifty, leaving a widow and five
children, viz. : Joseph, John, Freeman, Joel, and Mary.
About one year after the death of the father the mother
and children removed to 0.swego County, New York (then
called Oneida county), then an almost trackless wilderness.
This was in the year 1813. With his brothers he bought
one hundred and ten acres of timber-land, and began clear-
ing ofiF the forest and making the land tillable, enduring all
the hardships common to pioneer life. By economy and
perseverance he, in the course of a few years, became
quite forehanded, and began to see the fruits of his toil and
endurance.

When twenty-three yeare of age, and in the year 1817,
he married Mi.ss Betsy Tuttle, daughter of Joseph Tuttle,
of New England parentage.

To Mr. and Mrs. Gasper were born three children, viz. :
Sophia, Freeman Stanley, and Lois Ann.

Of these the eldest, Sophia, died at the age of sixteen.

The son was formerly a farmer, but now resides in the
village of Fulton. He married Mis.s Sarah Beardslcy,
daughter of Epliraim Beardsley, of the town of Volney, in
the year 1841. They have two children, Joseph and Flor-
ence. Both children are living.

Lois Ann married John Van Buren, a shipper of
Oswego city, in the year 1843. He died November 17,
1870.

They had six children, viz.: Lois Ann, Freeman L.,
Anna S., John H., Irwin, and Frank I. All of these chil-
dren are dead except Frank I. John H. was drowned in



the canal at Fulton, July 27, 187G, He was a promising
young man of culture and refinement, and was thirty-two
yenn old.

At quite an early day, some fifty-eight years ago. Free-
man Gasper and his wife united with the Methodist Epis-
copal church at Hubbard's Corners (now Mount Plca.sant),
a small band of Christians of only sixteen members.

With true Puritan courage they often went twenty miles
to attend meeting, were active members of the church, and
at a very early day started a union Sunday-school in that
vicinity. He officiated as Sunday-school .superintendent,
steward, and class-leader during the same day and for the
same church, never tiring in the toil of his Master from
that time until the date of this brief sketch of his life,
1877. He has always thrown his doors open to the wander-
ing, looked after the needy, and labored earnestly for the
good of his fellow-men.

His wife, after a life of care and anxiety looking aft«r
the moral and religious instruction of her children, lived to
see them become respectable members of society, and died
August 24, 1870, honored by all who knew her.

Freeman Gasper has been a farmer by occupation during
his active days of life, and now, in his eighty-third year,
lives retired in the village of Fulton with his daughter,
Mrs. L. A. Van Buren, who cares f.r liini in liis old age,
and a.s the sun of life hides itself in the liori/.dii of life's
journey.

In politics he is a Democrat. In middle life took an
active part in political matters. He was always opposed
to human bondage, and stood firm to .support the govern-
ment in her years of peril. Being too old to encounter the
duties of military life, he encouraged a grandson to fight
for his country's cause.

Freeman Gasper is numbered among the representative
pioneer men of Oswego County, and now enjoys an honor-
able and righteous old age.



254



HISTOKY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



SAMUEL HART.

The subject of this sketch was bom in the village of
Highhalden, county of Kent, England, October 30, 1806.
He is the youngest son of Thomas and LiBtitia Hart, who had
four children, viz. : Mary, James, Elizabeth C., and Samuel.

His father was a potter by trade, and not in circumstances
to afford his children the opportunities of a common-school
education, and Samuel's education from books has been only
what he could gain in connection with his daily work. His
father died about the year 1838, his mother dying about
five years before. He lived at home until he was eighteen
years of age, learning with his father the pottery business.
He then spent some three years learning the mason trade
with his brother-in-law, John Cleaver. In the year 1828
he embarked for America, and landed first at Albany, 28th
of June, not being permitted to land at New York on ac-
count of a contagious disease among the passengers on ship-
board. He soon left Albany and came to Oswego, and re-
mained there four years, working at the mason trade. He
then came to Fulton in the year 1832, and with his brother,
who had emigrated two years before, built a pottery, and
began the manufacture of stoneware. At the end of eight
years he bought his brother's share of the property, and
from that time until the present has continued the business
on the same site, an engraving of which, with his beautiful
residence and surroundings on the right bank of the Oswego
river, will be seen on another page of this work under the
portraits of himself and wife.

Upon reaching Albany, he found he had only a few dol-
lars, but by well-disciplined habits of economy and industry,
and natural executive ability, he has accumulated a fine
property, and, by increasing prosperity, ranks among the
wealthiest of the village of Fulton.

At the age of twenty-eight, and in the year 1834, he
married Miss Ann Hill, born in Kent county, England,
December 7, 1816. Of this marriage were born two chil-
dren, viz. : Lsetitia Ann and Samuel George. The first
married John A. Scribner, who died. She afterwards mar-
ried Richard Rolfe, and now resides in Iowa. Samuel
George married Annette Monroe, and resides in the city
of Syracuse.

His first wife died 1839, and he married, in 1840, Miss
Cornelia Beard, of Volney. Of this marriage one child
was born, named Lucelia Maria, who married Ira R. Car-
rier, and lives in the town of Volney.

He lost his second wife in 1842, and married for his third
wife, 1843, Miss Miranda Taft, of New England birth and
of English descent, and whose forefathers came from Eng-
land and settled first in Uxbridge, Massachusetts, about two
hundred years ago. She was born 29th of February, 1816.
Of this marriage were born seven children, viz. : Angelina
Vienna, Alcena Miranda, Thomas Stephen, Mary Susan,
a twin sister, the boy dying in infancy, Charles Addison,
and Elwin Erskine. The eldest son died in infancy.

The eldest daughter married Joseph W. Foster, and re-
sides in Humboldt, Iowa.

Alcena Miranda married George I. Lazier, and resides
in Pictou, Providence of Ontario. Mary Susan married
James E. Barker, and resides in Humboldt, Iowa.



The last two sons are carrying on business with their
father in Fulton, New York, and reside at home.

In the year 1852 he united with the Baptist church at
Fulton, New York, but in a year severed his connection
with that church and united with the old-school Baptist
church at Palermo, and has since remainetJ a member of
the same. His wife is a member of the same church, hav-
ing been connected with religious interests since she was
twenty-four years of age.

In politics, Samuel Hart is a Republican, never neglecting
business to gain prominence in political matters.

Samuel Hart is classed among the self-made representa-
tive men of his village, is honored and respected by all who
are connected with him in any business transactions, and
ready to encourage all enterprises looking to the advance-
ment of good society around him.

He has lived to see four generations in his own family,
and is now in his seventy-first year.



F. W. SQUIRES.

Francis W. Squires was born in Lebanon, Madison
county. New York, October 22, 1820.

In the spring of 1838, ho moved, with his father. Pierce
Squires, to Martinsburgh, Lewis county, where he worked
on a dairy-farm in summer, and attended school in winter,
until his majority.




In the winter of 1840-41, he went to the academy at
Martinsburgh village ; walking two and a half miles every
night and morning, in his zeal to acquire an education.

In the spring of 1846, Mr. Squires changed his residence
to New Haven, Oswego County, and, in the winter of
1848-49, taught school in the district in which he lived.
On the 9th of October, 1851, he was united in marriage to
Miss Sarah R. Rice, of New Haven, and, in the spring of



%



»'



HON. KANSOM H. TYLER.
Not only proniiuently identified
with the bar of Oswego County,
but also with the legal history of
the Empire State, is the subject of
this sketch. A brief outline of
his life, so long connected with the
interests of society, demands a
place in this history.

He was the son of Peter and
Eunice Tyler, who were both of
New England birth, — the former
born in Worcester county, Massa-
chusetts, and the latter a native of
Alstead, Now Hampshire, — and
whose ancestors emigrated from
England iu the early part of the
seventeenth century. He was born
in Leyden, Franklin county, Mas-
sachusetts, November 18, 1815.
When only three years of age' his
father removed from Massachu-
setts, and came to the town of
New Haven, Oswego County, New
York, and settled as a farmer with
his family.

From this time until Ransom
was sixteen years of age he worked
on the farm with his father, but
enjoyed the advantages of a good
district school during the winter months. So eager did his
desire for an education become that his parents, perceiving
this, gave him the full advantages of the academy at Mexico,
in obtaining not only an pjngli,sh but a classical education; and
in 1853 Hamilton college conferred upon him the degree of
" master of arts."

In the winter of 18.3G he came to Fulton Village and took
charge of the principal public school, and the same year began
the study of the law ; since which time he has made Fulton
his home, and has devoted a large part of his time to his pro-
fession a.s a lawyer. He early became notably prominent as
an attorney, and, having been admitted to practice in all of the
courts of the State in 1840, he, in the year 1844, was ap-
pointed master in chancery, and continued in that office until
it was superseded by the constitution of the State. He was
first appointed district attorney of Oswego County in 184G,
and the next year elected to the office, and held it until 1851.

In the year 1851 he was elected county judge, and at the
end of the first term re-elected to the same office, which closed
ill the year 1858.

For one year, including the presidential campaign of 185G,
he rendered gratuitous service as editor of the Oswego County
Gazette, sustaining the election and subsequent administration
of President Buchanan. He became the Democratic candi-
date for representative in Congress in 1858, but, his party being
largely in the minority in the district, he was defeated.

Firmly attached to the Democratic party and its principles
until ISGl, he at that time strongly supported the administra-
tion of President Lincoln to put down the Rebellion, and has
since acted in the main with the Republican party.



Wl



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young he had a dcsiro
for military renown, and early ac-
cepted an inferior office, but was
regularly promoted until he was
apjiointed brigadier-general, which
latter office he held for four years,
resigning in 1858.

Judge Tyler has been largely
identified with the newspaper and
periodical press as a writer. He
in 1860 completed the writing of
a book entitled " The Bible and
Social Reform," which had an ex-
tensive sale, and was very favora-
bly noticed by the press of the
United States.

He is also the author of six law
books publi.shed by William Gould
& Son, of Albany, viz., " A Trea-
tise on American Ecclesiastical
Law," published in 18GG; "Com-
mentaries on the Laws of Infancy
and Coverture," published in 1 868 ;
" A Treatise on the Remedy of
Ejectment and the Law of Adverse
Enjoyment," published in 1870;
" A Treatise on the Law of Usury,
Pawns or Pledges, and Maritime
Loans," published in 1872 ; " A
Treatise on the Law of Boundaries
and Fences and Window-Lights," published in 1874; and
lastly, " A Treatise on the Law of Fixtures," published in
1877. These books have all had a large sale, both in this
country and in England, and are regarded as standard work.s.
His first marriage was to Miss Nancy D. Cadwell, of Car-
thage, Jefibrson county, with whom he lived only four years,
she dying at the age of twenty-six. Two years after he mar-
ried Miss Mary E. Douglas, of Westfield, Massachusetts,
daughter of the late Captain Charles Douglas, and grand-
daughter of the late Major Thomas Douglas, wlio was a pay-
master in the Revolutionary war, and a lineal descendant of
the celebrated clan of that name in the Highlands of Scotland.
Many years ago Judge Tyler had by economy and prudence
accumulated, mostly by the practice of his profession, a fine
property, and in the later years of his life has .spent much time
and money in visiting not only nearly all the States of his own
country but the countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Some twenty years ago he united with the Presbyterian
church at Fulton, and has since been a member of that body,
and taken a part in its councils at home, and represented his
presbytery in the general a.ssembly of the churches. Always
taking a deep interest ia the building up of good .society, he
has been a constant supporter of the spread of tlie Bible at
home and in foreign countries, has acted as president of the
Oswego County Bible society for seven difl'erent years, and
as trustee of Fallcy seminary for a long period.

Such are a few of the incidents in the life of one of Oswego
County's prominent men, connected as he has been for a period
of over forty years with the best interests of society in that
county.



^.-JT '•*-v^-v..



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