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John Sanders, Co. A, 12th Cav. Enl'd Aug. 20, 1862; in battle of

Plymouth, N. C; taken pris., and d. at Andersonville, Sept. 24, '64.
James Sweet, Bat. F, 1st Light Art. Enl'd Dec, '63 ; dis. June 20, '65.
Daniel W. Fo.x, private, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Jan. 7, 1864; in

battles of Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and before Petersburg,

where he was killed, Jan. 17, 1865.
Joseph Sweet, Battery F, 1st Light Art. Eol'd Dec, 1863 ; died on

furlough, winter of 1864-65.
Joseph Guyatt, Battery H, 1st Light Art. Enlisted Dec, 1863; dis-
charged June 20, 1865.
Joseph Church, Battery F, Ist Light Art. Enl'd in 1861 ; re-enl'd;

in battle of White House, Va.
George L. Wright, Co. H, 9th H. Art. Enl'd Jan. 3, 1863 ; in battle

of Cold Harbor; died at City Point, June 26, 1864.
Edward Wright, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Dec. 9, 1863 ; in battle of

Grove Church and before Peter.^burg; discharged July 19, 1865.
Enl'd Jan. 15, 1864; discharged



William Coville, Co. H, 24th Cav.

June 26, 1865.
Edward Osborn, Co. B, 12th Cav.

ties of Tarboro' and Rocky Ru
Franklin La Duke, Cc I, 24th Cav

of Wilderness, Spottsylvania, i
Marcus Southworth, Co. E, 24th Ca



3nl'd Aug. 21, 1862; was in bat-
I ; discharged July 19, 1865.

Enl'd Jan. 4, 1864; io battles
ad Petersburg; d. at City Point.
. Enl'd Dec. 31, 1863 ; in battles



of Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, and before Peters-
burg; discharged July 1, 1865.
Gardner S. Perry, Co. D, 50th Engineers. Enl'd Aug. 21, 1861; in

battle of Fredericksburg; dis. Feb. 14, 1864; re-enlisted in same

regt., and discharged Juno, 1865.
Benjamin Perry, Co. D, 50th Engineers. Enlisted Dec, 1863; dis-
charged June 13, 1865.
Michael Murphy, Co. C, 12th Inf. Enlisted Apr. 20, 1861 ; killed in

battle of Ist Bull Run, July 19, 1861, being the first man killed

from this town.
Eugene Drummond, private, Co. H, 48th Inf. Enlisted March 8,

1865; dis. Sept. 1, 1865.
Roswell P. Taylor, Co. A, 12th Cav. Enl'd Aug. 13, 1862; in battle

of Tarboro'; taken prisoner; died at Annapolis, Aug. 4, 1863.
Storrs E. Beath, Co. F, 75th Inf. Enl'd Oct. 16, 1861 ; was in battle

with gun-boats ; dis. Aug. 3, 1863 ; re-enl'd in Co. A, 184th Regt.,

Aug. 22, 1864; promoted to sergt. in battle of Cedar Creek;

discharged with regt.
Daniel Broughton, Co. B, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 20, 1862 ; in battle

of Tarboro', N. C. ; dis., July 19, 1865, with reg't.
Henry Knapp, corp., Co. A, 24th Cav. Enlisted Dec 4, 1863 ; in

battles of Wilderness and Cold Harbor ; taken prisoner, and died

at Andersonville, July 31,1864. Had enlisted in Co. E, 24th Inf.,

May 6, 1861, and been discharged Aug., 1861.
Charles Knapp, Co. K, 15th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 4, 1862; in battles

of Piedmont, New Market; taken prisoner at Mentberg, kept at

Andersonville several months.
William F. Ingall, Co. A, 12th Cav. Detailed to hospital service ;

dis. with regt. July 3, 1865.
James Fox, 2d H. Art. Enlisted March 4, 1864. No record.
Joseph Clock, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enlisted Jan. 4, 1864 ; in battles of

AVilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg; dis. Aug.

22, 1865.
Lewis Bush, Co. F, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Dec 17, 1863 ; dis. June 20, '65.
John W. Van Valkenburgh, capt., Co. D, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug, 20,

1863; in battles of Tarboro', AFashingtou, and Newborn, N. C. ;

resigned in 1865.
James A. Heaton, eorp., Co. A. Enlisted Dec. 9, 1863 ; in battles of

Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg; dis. June 26, 1865.
Ephraim Morin, 2d lieut., Co. D, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 21, 1862;

in battle of Tarboro', N. C. ; taken prisoner, and died in Charles-
ton, S. C, prison.
Henry J. Dunham, Co. D, 50th Engineers. Enlisted Sept. 10, 1861 ;

dis. for disability in fall of 1862, and re-enlisted in Co. A, 24th

Cav., and died on furlough, Feb. 14, 1865.
Eber Hubbard, Cc A, 12th Cav. Enlisted Sept., 1862 ; in battles of

Tarboro', Kingston, and Newborn; dis. July 19, 1865.
Oscar Hart, Co. D, 50th Engineers. Enlisted in 1861 ; in battles of

Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg; re-enlistcd in

5th Veteran Reserve after serving first term.
Abial W. Laws, sergt., Co. B, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 20, 1862; in

battles of Tarboro', Washington, and Five Forks, N. C. ; prom'd

commissary sergt.; dis. July 19, 1865.
Eli C. Scrier, Co. B, 1 2th Cav. Enlisted September 9, 1862; disch.

Dec, 1862, for disability.
David M. Calkins, Co. H, lllth Inf. Enlisted Aug. 17, 1864; in

battle of Weldon Railroad ; in front of Petersburg ; taken prisoner

at South Side Railroad; dis. June 16, 1865.
John L. Gates, Co. D, 193d Inf. Enl'd March 16, 1865.
Loren Austin, 24th Cav. Enlisted Nov. 30, 1863 ; in battles of AVil-

derness and Cold Harbor; wounded before Petersburg by a ball

passing through his left eye; dis. June 15, 1865.
Hiram Rude, Co. B, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 18, 1862; killed in

-battle of Tarboro', N. C, July 20, 1863.
George W. McDougall, private, Uth Art. Enlisted April 18, 1864;

re-enl'd in Co. A, 20th Cav., Sept. 21, 1864; dis. June 17, 1865.
Edward Gibbons, Co. B, 16th. Enlisted Feb. 7, 1865.
William Fitz Gibbons, sergt., Co. B, 16th. Enlisted Feb. 17, 1864;

in battles of Murfrcesboro', Chattanooga, Atlanta, and others.
Asa Andrews, Co. K, 9th H. Art. Enlisted Dec. 31, 1863 ; in battle

of Cold Harbor; dis. May 18, 1865.
Abram Hanchet, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enlisted Jan. 1, 1864; in battles

of Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, and Petersburg ; dis.

July, 1865.
Hosea Faster, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enlisted Dee. 7, 1863 ; in battles



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



261



of Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Spottsylvanin, and Petersburg;

wounded at Dinwiddie Court-IIousc ; dis. June IS, 1865.
William Rockfellow, sergt., Co. II. ISolh. Enlisted Sept. 3, 1864;

in battles of Hatcher's Run, Five Forks, and Lee's surrender;

dis. May 25, 1865.
Lewis Shier, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enlisted Oct. 3, 1863; in battles of

Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, and Cold Harbor; dis.

July 13, 1865.
Jubn Shier, 24lh Car. Enlisted Oct. 3, 1863 ; in aame battles and

dis. same day as Lewis.
Herman W. Elmer, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 14. 1S62; in battle of

Plymouth, N. C. ; taken prisoner and kept till close of war ; dis.

Aug. 7, 1865.
Henry M. Stanton, Co. C, 20th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 16, 1863 ; died at

Jacksonville, Fla., Sept. 24, 1864.
Martin Parker, Co. E, 24th Cav. Enlisted Dec. 22, 1863; in battles

of Wilderness ; taken prisoner at Cold Harbor ; in Libby, Savan-
nah, Millan, and Andersonville prisons; dis. June 23, 1865.
Henry Crouch, Co. L, 9th Heavy Art. Enl'd Nov. 12, '63; wounded

in battle of Cedar Creek ; died Nov. 16, 1864.
Martin V. Kelsey, Co. G, 2dHeavy Art. Enl'd Aug. 18,1862; in battles

of South Mountain, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg; dis. Aug. 17,'65.
Eugene Van Buren, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Jan. 2, 1864; in battles

of Wilderness and Petersburg; dis. June 20, 1865.
John Bailey, Jr., Co. A, 12th Cav. Enl'd Aug. 11, 1862 : after being

in one or two battles was taken prisoner: starved tu death at

Andersonville, Aug. 3, 1864.
Daniel Bailey, Co. A, 12th Cav. Enl'd Aug. 11, '62 ; taken prisoner

at Newborn, N. C. ; dis. Aug. 9, 1865.
Artemas Graham, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Dec. 8, 1863 ; in battles of

Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and North Anna; dis. July 22, 1865.
Edgar L. Briggs, Co. C, 24th Cav. Enl'd Dec. 14, 1863; in battles of

Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg; dis. July 15, 1865.
Jacob L. Briggs, sergt., Co. L, 20lh Cav. Enlisted Aug. 26, 1863; in

battles of Black Water Ihd Daibytown ; dis. July 31, 1S65.
John Vanke, Co. C, 7th Cav. Enlisted Oct., 1861; regt. disbanded

April, 1802; re enlisted in 21st Bat., Aug. 21, 1862; in battle of

Port Hudson; dis. July 10, 1865.
Eber Dunham, Co. G, 12th Cav. Enlisted July 22, 1863; taken

prisoner at Kingston, and kept till end of war ; dis. July 1 9, 1865.
George Sparks, Co. K, 9th Art. Enlisted Jan. 4, 1864; in battles of

Cold Harl.or and Winchester; dis. July 15, 1S65.
John Evans, Co. A, 79th Inf. Ejil'd Jan. 4, 1865 ; in battle of Peters-
burg and at taking of Lee's army ; dis. June, 1865.
Adelbert Cay wood, Co. I, 24th Cav. Enlistod Jan. 7,1864; died

Oct. 27, 1864.
William Coats, Co. A, Uth Reg. Enlisted Jan. 1, 1864.
Albert Durfee, sergt., 4th Bat. Enl'd Sept. IS, 1861, for three years;

in battles of Murfreesboro', Chattanooga, etc., thirteen in all;

discharged at end of term.
Edward Castor, Co. I, 26th Inf. Enid Dec. 1,1863; in several battles;

discharged Aug. 28, 1865.
Thomas Delong, private, Co. I, 24th Cav. Enlisted Oct., I86I; dis.

for disability; re-enlisted July 1, 1864.
Geo. Hill, sergt., Co. A, 24ih Cav. Enlisted Dec. 2, 1863; in battles

of Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and in front of Petersburg; dis-
charged July 19, 1865.
Aaron Depuy, Co. C, 20th Reg. Enlisted Sept. 7, 1864 ; dis. for dis-
ability, June 17, 1865; died Sept. 19, 1865.
John Gcttry, Co. E, 193d Inf. Enl'd March 17, '65 ; dis. June 19, '65.
Wyman Moore, Corp., Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Dec. 7, 1 863 ; in battles

of Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Spottsylvania, and in front of Peters-
burg; discharged July 19, 1865.
Ezra Chappel, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enlisted Dec. 8, 1863; in battles of

Wilderness. Cold Harbor, and Petersburg; dis. June 12, 1865.
Henry Southworth, Co. F, 2d Heavy Art. Enlisted July 16, 1864 ; in

battles of Petersburg and Five Forks.
Hubert Wheeler, corp., Co. B, 22d Cav. Enl'd Dec. 5, 1863 ; in battles

of Wilderness and raids of Shenandoah Valley; dis. Aug., 1865.
Charles H. Harris, private, Co. G, 2d Heavy Art. Enlisted Dec. 7,

1863; in battles of Cold Harbor and Spottsylvania.
George Kelsey, sergt., Co. K, 125th. Enl'd Aug. 12, 1862; in battles

of Gettysburg, AVilderness, and Cold Harbor; dis. June 5, 1865.
Daniel Kelsey, private, Co. G, 2d Heavy Art. Enl'd Feb., 1864; in

battle in front of Petersburg.



Wm. F. Elmer, Corp., Co. K, 2d. Enl'd Aug. 1, 1801 ; in battles of
Antictani, Gettysburg, Fredericksburg, Wilderness, and Cold
Harbor; discharged Aug. 29, 1864.

Francis Pluff, Co. G, 142d. Enl'd Aug. 21, 1862; in battles of Peters-
burg, Fort Fisher, and Drury's Bluff; dis. June 21, 1S65.

Jacob Bell, Co. H, 97th Inf. Enl'd Nov. 28, '61 ; in battles of Gettys-
burg, Antiotam, and 2d Bull Run; dis. Feb. 18, 1865.

Darius C. Collins, Co. I, 24th Cav. Enl'd Jan. 1, 1864 ; in battles of
Wilderness, Spottsylvania, and Cold Harbor; dis. May 18, 1865.

George Back, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Dec. 19, 1863; in battles of
Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg; dis-
charged July 19, 1865.

Channing Shumway, clerk, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Nov., 1863; in
battles of Wilderness, Spottsylvania, and Cold Harbor.

Joseph W. Fancher, Corp., Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Deo. 14, 1863; in
battles of Wilderness; discharged Aug. 2, 1865.

Charles A. Eddy, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enlisted Deo. 24, 1863 ; in battles
of Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon R. R., and Lee's
surrender; discharged Aug. 2, 1865.

Charles W. Hutson, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Dee., 1863; in battles of
Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and Lee's surrender; dis-
charged Aug. 2, 1865.

Dusty Larach, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd 1863; in battles of Wilder-
ness, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg; discharged Aug. 2, 1S65.

Alfred Willis, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Feb. 15, 1863; at surrender
of Petersburg; discharged July 17, 1865.

Peter Dcmara, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd 1863 ; killed before Petersburg.

Fremont Hutchins, 24th Cav. Enl'd Jan. 19, 1864; in battles of
Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and Lee's surrender.

James White, Co. I, 24th Cav. Enlisted Dec. 30, 1803; in battles of
Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg; dis. June 5, 1865.

Wedey 11. Kendrick, c.ipt., Co. K, 50th Inf. Enl'd Oct. 22, 1861 ;
at siege of Vicksburg and Atlanta; dis. Sept. 16, 1864.

Charles N. Duell, Co. II, 9th H. Art. Enl'd Dec. 25, 1863; in battles
of Cold Harbor and Winchester, and lost right leg at Cedar
Creek, Oct. 19, 1864; discbarg..d June 9, 1865.

Charles II. Lusk, Co. G, 12th Cav. Enl'd July 15, 1863; in skirmish
at Bachelor's Creek, N. C, was regiui'l clerk ; dis. Aug. 7, 1865.

Henry B. Kendall, Corp., Co. A, 12ih Cav. Enl'd Aug. 14, 1864; in
battle of Plymouth, N.C.; taken prisoner; kept at Florence and
Andersonville; discharged July 14, 1865.

George Gregg, sergt., Co. B, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 31, 1862; dis-
charged April, 1865, and died of disease. May 8, 1865.

Frank Sweet, sergt., Co. A, 12th Cav. Enl'd Aug. 13, 1862; in bat-
tles Tarboro' and Newborn ; taken prisoner at Plymouth; eight
months a prisoner, five at Andersonville.

Charles D. Phelps, Corp., Co. B, 3d Light Art. Enl'd Jan. 15, 1864 ;
was in Hanly Hill and discharged July 13, 1865.

Winfield S. Taft, sergt., 11th Cav. Enl'd Jan. 18, 1862; did duty
near Washington ; dischargeil Jan. 19, 1S65.

Julius S. Gaft, Co. A, Ist Cav. Enl'd Dee., 1863 ; in battles of Spott-
sylvania. Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and Weldon R. R. ; discharged
July 19, 1865.

Henry G. St. John, Co. K, lllh Cuv. Enlisted Sept. 5, IS62; dis-
charged Juno 12, 1865.

Francis B. Bristol, Co. C, 75th Inf. Eul'd Oct. 12, 1861 ; in battles
of Pleasant Hill, Sabine Cross-Roads, and Winchester, Va. ;
discharged Nov. 26, 1864.

George N. Falley, capt., Co. C, 50th. Enlisted Aug. 10, 1861.

Joseph Robinson, 50th Engineers.

Frank Robinson, Co. E, 1st Light Art. Di-«charged June 16, 1865.

Uawley Van Camp, Co. F, Isl Light Art. Enl'd Dec. 28, 1863; dis.
June 20, 1865.

Zachariah E. Clark, Co. K, 7th H. Art. Enl'd Dec. 31, 1863; in
battles of Cold Harbor and Petersburg; died Aug. 22, 1864.

Henry T. Clark, Co. L, 12th Cav. Enl'd Deo. 20, 1863; discharged
Aug. 7, 1865.

Brazil Pepper, Co. F, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Feb. 29, '64; dis. June 20, '65.

Henry J. Case, 12th Cav. Enl'd Aug. 15, 1862; taken pris. at Ply-
mouth, N. C; died at Andersonville, Aug. 19, 1864.

Truman Smith, Co. B, 12th Cav. Enl'd Sept. 17, '62 ; dis. July 19, '65.

Ezra C. Salmon, Co. H, 97th Inf. Drafted Aug., 1863; died Nov.
26, 1864, at Arlington Hospital, Vo.

Anthony Roderick, 12th Cav. Enl'd in 1862; discharged.

John Van Wick Hart, Co. A, 12th Cav. Enid July, 1S63;






HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



David H. Case, Co. B, 24th Cav. EnI'd Apr. 21, '64 ; dis. June 26, '65.
Milo S. Warner, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Mar. 25, '64 j dis. Aug. 2, '65.
Luther Warner, Co. A, 12th Cav. Enl'd Sept., 1S62; taken pris. at

Plymouth, and died at Andersonville, Jan. 7, 1865.
Albert P. Swart, Corp., Co. I, 24th Cav. Enl'd Deo. 31, 1863; in

battles of Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and Weldon

R. R.; discharged July 19, 1865.
John Swart, private, Co. I, 24th Cav. Enlisted Deo. 31, 1863 ; died

Aug. 14, 1885.
Edmund R. Jones, Co. B, 12th Cav. Enl'd Sept, 6, 1862; In battle

of Tai-boro' ; dis. for disability ; re-enl'd Corp., Co. H, 2d H. Art. ;

discharged June 5, 1865.
Theodore Davis, Co. K, 9th H. Art. Enlisted Jan. 2, 1864; died in

Washington, D. C.
S. Leman James, 24th Cav. Enl'd Deo. 31, 1863; dis. June 9, 1865.
Alfred S. Roe, Co. A, 2d H. Art. Enl'd Jan., 1864; in battles of

Cold Harbor and Monocacy ; discharged in Oct., 1865.
James A. Dunn, sergt., Co. A, 12th Cav. Enl'd Aug., 1862; thrown

from horse and killed at Newbern, N. C, in Aug., 1863.
John B. Corry, private, Co. E, 24th Cav. Enlisted May 7, 1861 ; in

battles of Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and Weldon R. R. ; dis. Aug.

2, 1865.
Andrew J. Hand, 11 1th Inf. Enl'd July, 1862; in battle of Harper's

Ferry and taken prisoner; discharged July, 1865.
John S. Tibballs, Co. A, 24th Cav. Enl'd Dec. 5, 1863 ; in battles

of Five Forks and Hatcher's Run; discharged July 19, 1865.
J. Ward Jasper, 12th Cav. Enl'd 1862; discharged Aug., 1862.
Albert A. Rice, Co. I, 24th Cav. Enl'd Jan. 1, 1864; in battles of

Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and Weldon R. R. ; dis. July 19, 1865.
Samuel Ferguson, sergt., 12th Cav. Disch. with regiment 1865.



Anson Heffron, 2d lieut., Co. E, 24th Cav. Enlisted Sept. 14, 1863;
in battles of Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Weldon R. R. ; disch.
for disability; re-enlisted in Co. H, 79th Inf., March 15, 1865;
discharged June 14, 1865.

Benjamin F. Parker, quartermast.-scrgt., 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug.
21, 1862 ; died Oct. 24, 1864, of yellow fever.

George Simmons, captain, Co. D, 24th Cav. Enlisted Jan. 7, 1864;
in battles of Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor; wounded
at Petersburg; died Sept. 4, 1864.

Peter Conner, 16th Inf. Enlisted in April, 1865.

Wellington M. Lewis, lieut.-eol., 89th Inf. Enlisted Oct. 11, 1861;
prom, to capt. Oct. 5, 1862 ; to major April 30, 1864 ; to lieut.-ool.
Aug. 9, 1864 ; in campaigns of Burnside in N. C. in 1861-62 ; with
Butler in '64 ; under Grant before Petersb'g ; and in sev'rl battles,

Cyrus Church, captain, Co. A, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug., 1862; killed
at Tarboro', while on a raid, July 20, 1863.

David Carroll, Co. A, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; killed at Tar-
boro', July 20, 1863.
I Hiram Read, Co. B, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 20, 1862 ; in battles of
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahanock Station, Cold Har-
bor, Weldon R. R., and others; discharged on account of wounds
received Nov. 28, 1864.

Noble D. Preston, captain, Co. A, 10th Reg. Enlisted Aug. 27, 1861 ;
in battles of Bull Run, Yorktown ; disch. for disab., June 3fl, '63.

Charles W. Pauling, Co. A, 12th Inf. Enlisted April 30, 1861 ; killed
in 2d Bull Run battle, Aug. 29, 1862.

Henry M. Stanton, Co. C, 20th Cav. Enlisted Aug., 1863; died at
Norfolk, Va., Sept. 24, 1864.

Harold Danks, 1st lieut., Co. B, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug. 15, 1862.

Whole number of soldiers from Volney, five hundred and five.



MEXICO.



As Montgomery is often called the mother of counties,
so might we properly speak of Mexico as the mother of
towns ; for all the towns of Oswego county, as well as a
score of others, have sprung from her prolific bosom.

As set forth in the general history of the county, Mexico,
with all the surrounding towns, was originally contracted
by the State authorities to John and Nicholas Roosevelt in
1791 ; the contract was transferred to George Scriba in
1792; and the latter received a patent in December, 1794.
Previous to this last transaction, however, the town of
Mexico was formed from Whitestown, Herkimer county,
by ah act of the legislature, dated April 10, 1792, which
provided as follows : " And be it further enacted that all
that part of Whitestown, aforesaid, bounded on the east by
the east boundaries of the Military tract (so called), and a
line drawn north from the mouth of Canaseryga creek across
Oneida lake to Lake Ontario ; south by Tioga county ; west
by the west bounds of the townships Homer, TuUy, Mar-
cellus, Camlllus, Lysander, and Hannibal of the said Mili-
tary tract, and north by Lake Ontario, be enacted into a
separate town, by the name of Mexico."

The bounds above given included all of the present
counties of Onondaga and Cortland, with the western and
central portions of Oswego County. The legislatures of
that day, however, were evidently not very well informed
regarding the geography of the frontier, as a line running
north from the mouth of Canaseraga creek would not strike



Lake Ontario. The present town of Mexico was included
within the original town of that name, but was as yet
unoccupied by white men. The residents of the first
Mexico were about all in what is now Onondaga county.
So, when Onondaga county was formed in March, 1794,
there were but three or four settlers left in Mexico, and the
organization of that town fell through.

It was again organized by an act dated February 26, 1796.
The Mexico of this date was bounded by Oneida lake,
Oneida and Oswego rivers, Lake Ontario, and Black river
from the mouth up as far as Lyons' Falls, or near that
point, and then by a line between the present towns of
Leyden and West Turin, in Lewis county, through the
town of Lewis, in said county, to Fish creek, and down
that stream to Oneida lake. No territory was taken oflF
until 1799, when Camden was made a part of Oneida
county. Watertown and Champion in Jefferson county,
Lowviile and Turin in Lewis county, and Redfield, were
taken oif in 18U0. Next followed Loraine in Jefferson
county, and Williamstown in this county, in 1804. Then
came Fredericksburgh, afterwards Volney, in 1806; next
Constantia, in 1808; New Haven, in 1813; and Parish,
in 1828, which reduced it to its present limits.

The town is somewhat irregular in its outline, and lies
near the centre, on the north boundary of the county. It
is crossed in the north by the Rome, Ogdensburgh and
Watertown railroad, Mexico being a station, and in the



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NKW YORK.



northwest by the Syracuse Northern railroad, upon which
Union Square is a station. Mexico is divided into nine-
teen school districts, comprising one hundred and eighty-
four lots, of about one hundred and sixty acres each.

The surface is gently rolling, and well watered by
numerous streams, the principal of which are the Little
Salmon and Sage creeks ; the former affording considerable
water-power. There is scarcely a foot of waste or broken
land in the town. The underlying rock is gray sandstone,
covered deep with alluvial deposits. The soil consists of a
clay, sand, and gravelly loam, and is very productive. Hay
is the main crop ; oats, barley, and pototoes, also pears and
apples, are raised in considerable quantities. Butter and
cheese are the principal products, the stock-raising and
dairying interest having greatly increased of late years.
At present there are six cheese-factories in operation in the
town, each doing an extensive business, — making an easy
average of six hundred thousand pounds of whole-milk
cheese per annum.

The manufacture of lumber, barrels, and leather is carried
on to some extent. The town contains eighteen saw-mills,
four grist-mills, and one tannery. The county fair-ground,
insane asylum, poor-house, and treasurer's office are also
situated here.

SETTLEMENT.

The fertility of the soil, the fine water-power, and other
advantages afforded by this section, attracted the attention
of explorers, and we find that at a very early day the tide
of civilization had set in, and but a few years elapsed ere
the territory embraced within the present town of Mexico
was dotted here and there by the homes of sturdy pioneers,
who have left an honored memory and a respected posterity.

Tradition asserts that after Benjamin Wright surveyed
the patent into townships in 1795 he reported to Mr. Scriba
that township No. 20 (Mexico) was the best for soil, water,
etc., in the patent. It will be kept in mind there were
then two Mexicos, — the suTvey-towiishij) so named by Mr.
Scriba (also called township No. 20) and the municipal town
of Mexico before described. The present town corresponds
closely to survey-township No. 20, but contains also small
portions of townships 19 and 21.

This report, before referred to, induced Mr. S. to raise
the price of his land there for several succeeding years ; in
consequence of which its early settlement was greatly re-
tarded. Many who came in here to purchase crossed the
Oswego river and bought in Onondaga county. Besides,
the sale was conditioned in this way : " There must be a
forfeiture of this contract, unless four acres shall be cleared
and sown the first year and an actual .settlement made a
short time after." Many made the clearing according to
contract, but having nothing to sell and no means to pur-
chase were unable to support their families and obliged to
abandon their improvements.

The early hLstory of this town, in its present limitations,
is not marked by many remarkable reminiscences. It only
presents the ordinary trials and incidents common to new
settlements, remote from the comforts and conveniences of
older portions of the country. Looking back from to-day
to those pioneer times, we can but faintly picture in our
minds the contrast existing between the present pleasant



homes, green pastures, and fertile fields, and those rude
cabins of the forefathers, scattered far between tlirough
a mighty forest, where the wild beasts roamed in their
fierceness.

During the year 1797, while being carried to Water-
town, the early records of Mexico were lost, and conse-
quently the names of many of the first settlers. The
party having them in charge, being obliged to camp out in
the woods overnight, accidentally lefl them behind. Oa
resuming the journey the next day they were missed, but
upon return could not be found.

In 1798 about twenty-five -settlers had located in the
present town of Mexico. Among those prior to that time
were Benjamin Wright, Reuben Hamilton, Chipman Whea-



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