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friends. The name of Hills is a synonym of hospitality
in the community.



MILITARY RECORD OF MEXICO.



Wm. H. Morton. Enlisted Dec, 1861 ; pro. to sergt. ; dis. 1865.
Franklin Morton, 9th Heavy Art. Enl'd Jan., 1864; dis. 1865.
John H. Filkins, Uth Regs. Enlisted Aug., 1861 ; discharged 1863.
Charles L. Dennis, 4th Heavy Art. Enl'd Jan., 1864; dis. Deo., 1864.
Silas Pnrmenter. Enlisted February, 1865 ; discharged 1865.
John Holden, Navy. Enlisted August, 1864; discharged 1865.
Wm. Gainer. Enlisted February, 1864; discharged 1865.
Wm. H. Sidnam, 8Ist Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1861 ; pro.; dis. 1865.
Albert S. Sidnam, 81st Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1861 ; discharged 1865.
Seymour N. Hibbard, 184th Inf. Enlisted 1864 ; dis. 1865.
Geo. Midlam. Enlisted Sept., 1861 ; dis. Sept., 1863, of wounds.
Reuben E. Gale, 184th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1864; discharged 1865.
Louis Maxom, 12th Cav. Enlisted Aug., 1862; discharged 1865.
Andrew Riee, I84th Infantry. Enlisted Aug., 1864 ; discharged 1865.
Marshall Parker, ISth Infantry. Enl'd Sept., 1861 ; dis. 1865.
Warren Bliss, 184th Infantry. Enlisted Sept., 1864; dis. 1865.
Benj. Parmenter, 184th Infantry. Enlisted Sept., 1864; dis. 1865.
Chas. M. Smith, 12th Cav. Enlisted Oct., 1862; pre; dis. 1865.

Alfred R. Smith, 184th Infantry. Enlisted September, 1864.

Harrison Marsden, 110th Infantry. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.

Henry Marsden, 14th Heavy Art. Enlisted Jan., 1864 ; dis. 1865.

Henry M. Wilber, 24th Cav. Enlisted Dec, 1863; prisoner three
months; discharged 1865.

John S. Sherwin, 110th Infantry. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

Eugene Farmer, 4th H. Art. Enlisted Jan., 1864; discharged 1865.

Milton Matteson, 184th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1864; discharged 1865.

Joel Parkhurst, 59th Infantry. Discharged 1865.

John Killam, Navy. Enlisted August, 1864 ; discharged 1865.

Daniel Morton, 81st Infantry. Enl'd Jan., 1862; wounded and dis.

Horace E. Ensworth, 81st Inf. Enl'd Oct., 1862; re-enl'd; dis. 1865.

Wm. Turk, 5th Mich. Cav. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; dis. 1865.

Erastus Suits, 4th Heavy Art. Enlisted Jan., 1864; dis. 1865.

Martin V. Gibbs, 184th Infantry. Enlisted Sept., 1864; dis. 1865.

Jonathan Johnston, 184th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1864 ; dis. 1865.

Benj. F. Bulin, G. B. V. City. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

6. C. Bartholomew, 184th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1864 ; dis. 1S65.

Earl Law, 113th 111. Enl'd Aug., 1865; pro. to oapt. ; dis. 1S65.

John Jordon, llth Cav. Enl'd Apr., 1862; pro. to sergt.; dis. July,
1862, for disability.



Newton Tillapaugh, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.
Homer J. Burch, lS9th Infantry. Enlisted Aug., 1864 ; dis. 1865.
Ira West, UOth Infantry. Enl'd Aug., 1862 ; fife-major; dis. 1863.
Wm. Evuj-ts, Neptune Vols. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.
Byron A. Everts, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Oct., 1861; pro. to Corp.; re-
signed 1S62.
Henry Everts, 7th Cav. Enlisted Sept., 1861 ; dis. 1862.
Norman B. Bailey, 81st Inf. Enl'd Oct. 1, 1801 ; dis. for disability ;

re enlisted.
Charles M. Everts, 5th II. Art. Enlisted Dec, 1863 ; dis. 1865.
Wm. W. Fish, 10th H. Art. Enl'd Dec, 1863 ; trans, to L. Art; dis.

1865.
Alpheus H. West, 184th Infantry. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.
A. L. Conant, 184th Infantry. Enlisted Aug., 1864 ; dis. 1865.
Henry H. "Vorcc, Slst Infantry. Enlisted Mar., 1864 ; dis. 1866.
Warren Dawley, 14th L. Art. Enl'd Sept., 1861 ; re-enl'd; dis. 1865.
Reuben Dawley, 2d H. Art. Enl'd Feb., 1863; dis. 1864, for disab'y.
Benj. Baker, 147th luf. Enl'd July, 1862; wounded; dis. 1863.
Jesse Burdick, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Sept., 1861; pro. to sergt. ; dis.

Sept., 1864.
Jerome Halsey, 24th Infantry. Enlisted May, 1864; dis. 1865.
Charles Halsey, 1st L. Art. Enlisted Sept., 1864; dis. 1865.
Benj. F. Cooper, Navy. Enlisted Aug., 1864 ; dis. 1865.
Jerome Halsey, 5th H. Art. Enlisted Dec, 1863; dis. 1865.
S. H. Blanchard, 10th H. Art. Enlisted Sept., 1862; dis. 1865.
Leonard Ames, 1st L. Art. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.
Nelson Ames, lat L. Art. Enl'd Sept., 1861; lieut.; pro. to capt.;

wounded and dis. 1864.
Wm. Adams, Slst Inf. Enlisted October, 1861 ; dis. Dec, 1864.

Francis Chufty, 184th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1864 ; dis. 1865.

Chris. Avery, 147th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1862; dis. 1865.
Charles Sears, 81st Inf. Enlisted July, 1862; pro. to ord. sergt. ; dis.
1865.

Fred. M. Hills, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.

Reuben Richardson, Slst Inf. Enlisted Dec, 1862 ; re-enlisted 1865.

Henry M. Allen, Slst Inf. Enl'd Dec, 1861; re-enlisted; wounded;
dis. 1865.

C. B. Hartshorn, 147th Inf. Enl'd Sept., 1862; capt.; dis. Jan., 1863.

Lucius Erskine, 110th Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862 ; pro. to corp. ; dis. 1865.

Frank S. Walker, 15th Cav.. Enlisted July, 1862; dis. 1865.

Geo. Buck, Navy. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

Thos. Freeman, 10th Cav. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

Edwin Huntington, 24th Inf. Enlisted May, 1S61; re-enlisted; pro.
to sergt. ; dis. 1865.

Geo. Barse, 1st L. Art. Enlisted Oct., 1861; re-enlisted; pro. to
capt.; dis. 1865.

David M. Barton, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; dis. 1865.

Warren Kincaid, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.

F. B. Gregory, 1st L. Art. Enlisted Sept., 1861; pro. to capt.; re-
enlisted; dis. 1865.

C. Tallmadge, 1st L. Art. Enlisted Sept., 1861; pro. to sergt.; re-
enlisted; dis. 1865.

John Wilder, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug. 1S62; dis. 1865.

Asa B. Bowcn, Navy. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

Eli A. Huntington. No record.

Geo. Austin, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; dis. 1865.

Chas. Johnson, 147th Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862; pro. sergt.; dis. 1363,
for disability.

Edward Croak, 9th H. Art. Enlisted Jan., 1864; dis. 1865.

Orlando Sykes, 24th Inf. Enlisted May, 1861 ; re-enl'd; dis. 1865.

E. W. Tripp. Enlisted Apr., 1861; pro.; dis. May, 1863.

Edw. Bakul, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; pro. to sergt. ; dis. 1865.

H. C. Green, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.

Willis Hapson, Navy. Enlisted Aug., 1864 ; dis. 1865.

W. J. Smith, 110th Inf. En'd Aug., 1862; pro. to sergt.; dis. 1865.

J. F. Hall, Navy. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

F. C. Carpenter, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.

J. H. Burlingham, 24th Cav. Enl'd Jan., 1864; w'nded; dis. 1865.
Jas. Nicholson, Chicago L. Art. Pro. corp ; dis. 1865.
Henry Pierce, 184th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.
S. H. Smith, 3d Cav. Enl'd Aug., 1861 ; corp. ; dis. Aug., 1864.
0. H. Whitney, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Sept., 1861 ; w'nded ; dis. Nov., '64.
A. Patrick, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Sept., 1861; re-enl'd ; pro.; dis. 1865.
Hugh Leonard, Ist L. Art. Enl'd Sept., 1861; sergt.; re-enl'd; dis.
I 1S65.



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



Jns. R. Brown, 1st L. Art. Enlisteii Fel)., 1864: (lis. 1S65.

C. W. Brown. Rc-cnlisted; dis. 1S66.

Jas. Fitzgibbons, 24th Cav. Enlisted Jan.. 1864: w'ndcil ; dis. 1865.

John McCannn, 184th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1864: dis. 1865.

Wni. McCanna, 1st L. Art. Enlisted March, 1864; dis. 1865.

A. F. Kenyon, 81st Inf. Enlisted .Sept., 1861 : pro.; dis. 1865.

AMiert P. Ames, 12th H. Art. Enlisted Sept., 1864; dis. 1865.

L. A. Whitne.v, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.

h. M. Tuller, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.

Albert D. Green, llOth Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

N. R. Alfred, 1st L. Art. Enid Oct., 1861 ; pro. to corp. ; dis. 1864.

S. Nichols, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Sept., 1861 ; re-enl'd ; dis. 1865.

J. A. Stebbins, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Oct., 1861 ; rcenl'd ; pro. ; dis. '65.

E. D. Wimple, 81st Inf. Enlisted Dec, 1861 ; dis. 1862, for disab'y.

Chas. F. AVimple, Navy. Enlisted Sept., 1864, in the regular army.

Alonzo Benedict, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 : dis. 186.3, for disab'y.

Chester A. King, 8th Cav. Enl'd Oct , 1861 ; re-enl'd ; pro. ; dis. 1865.

S. D. King, 10th Cav. Enl'd Dec., 1861 ; re-enl'd ; pro. to capt. ; dis.

1865.
Ed. S. Laroy, 21st H. Art. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.
Edward P. Stevens, 9th H. Art. Enlisted Dec, 1863 ; dis. 1865.
Win. H. Simons, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Oct., 1861; wounded; dis. 1863.
Wm. Ely, 12th Cav. Enl'd Aug., 1862; dis. 1864, disability.
Robert Cantwell, 1st Mass. Enl'd Mar., 1861 ; dis. Mar., 1864.
Joshua Wadley, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1864.
Hiram Barber, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.
John MeCarty, UOth Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.
Henry Benedict, 24th Cav. Enlisted Dec, 1863; dis. 1865.
Henry E. Baker, 24th Inf. Enl'd Apr., 1861 ; pro. to corp. ; dis.

May, 1863.
Nicholas Martin, 22d H. Art. Enl'd July, 1862; pro. to sergt. ;

wounded; dis. 1865.
Chas. H. McCarty, 147th Inf. Enl'd Aug. 1862 ; killed at Fred'kb'g.
Louis J. Huntington, 9th H. Art. Enl'd Feb., 1864 ; died July, 1864.
Ed. F. Crosier, 110th Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862; pro. to corp.; died

Nov., 1864.

E. D. Erskine, 1st L. Art. Enlisted Sept., 1864 ; died Sept. 11, 1864.
Marshall Rundell, 1st L.^rt. Enl'd Oct., 1861; pro. to 1st lieut. ;

died July 20, 1862.
Noble G. Wilder, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; died Sept. 20, '64.
Horace S. Kenyon. 110th Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862; died Sept. 27, '63.
John Bowen, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; killed in battle.
Moses Sherman, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Feb., 1864; died Oct., 1864.
Francis Sykes, 24th Inf. Enl'd Oct., 1861 ; died Aug. 15, 1862.
Aaron G. Hoag, 81st Inf. Enl'd Oct., 1861 ; killed at Cold Harbor.
Benj. M. Whipple, 7th L. Art. Enl'd Oct., 1861 ; died July, 1862.
Orin B. Patchin, Navy. Enlisted Oct., 1862 ; died May 24, 1865.
Frank Haner, 12th Cav. Enl'd Aug., 1862; died in Andorsonville

prison.
Pat. Mulligan, 6th H. Art. Enl'd Jan., 1862; died Deo. 26, 1864.
Wm. A. Hayes, 147th Inf. Enl'd Sept., 1862 ; dis. 1863, for disab'y.
C. Hatch, 1st L. Art. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.
Addison Powers, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.
S. Hatch, 1st L. Art. Enlisted Oct., 1862; re-enlisted; dis. 1865.
Joseph Hanmcrkcr, 2d H. Art. Enlisted Jan., 1864 ; dis. 1865.
Francis Henry, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.

C. Graham, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; dis. 1865.

H. Wheeler, 110th Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862; dis. 1864, for disability.

F. E. Griffith, 24th Elmira. Enl'd Apr., 1.861; re-enl'd; dis. 1865.
I. M. Williams. Enlisted May, 1861 ; dis. 1865.

N. W. Parsons, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Oct., 1861 ; pro. to corp. ; re-
enlisted; dis. 1865.

M. F. Parsons, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Oct., 1861; pro. to corp.; dis.
1862, for disability.

AVm. H. Sanford, 24th Inf. Enlisted May, 1861 ; dis. May, 1862.

A. Bouche, 184th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

Jacob Bouche, 12th Syracuse. Enlisted Apr., 1861 ; dis. 1865.

Geo. P. Tauro, 184th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

0. S. Walters, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

Merrit Hotchkiss, 24th Elmira. Enl'd Apr., 1861 ; re-enl'd ; dis. 1865.

A. Gilling. No record.

Seth Howard, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; pro. to corp. ; dis. '65.

John Fletcher, 2d Mass. Cav. Enl'd Nov., 1862 : surg. : dis. 1865.

D. H. Holmes, 81st Inf. Enlisted Nov., 1861 : dis. 1864.
Geo. D. Alfred, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., lS6t ; dis. 1805.



Allen Kenyon, UOth Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1802; dis. 1865.

A. Putnam, 93d Inf. Enlisted Apr., 1865 ; dis. 1865.

J. E. Hurley, Ist 1,. Art. Enlisted Sept., 1861 : dis. 1865.

N. Prouty, 24th Inf. Enl'd May, '61 : dis. May, '63, for disability.

N. Wingate, lOIst Syracuse. Enl'd 1861 ; reenl'd; dis. 1865.

N. Delose, 24th Elmira. Enlisted May, 1861; dis. Apr., 1862.

M. Everts, 110th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1802.

Chas. L. Webb, Navy. Enlisted Sept., 1864, in the regular army.

D. F. Dygcrt, H2d Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1802 ; dis. Sept.. '63, for disab'y.
J. L. Nichols, 110th Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862; pro. to 2d lieut. ; dis. '65.
Thos. Jeffrey, 35th Inf. Enl'd June, 1861 ; re-enl'd; dis. 1865.
Geo. Pcnfield, 24th Inf. Enl'd Apr., 1861 ; sergt. ; re-enl'd ; dis. '65.
Jos. Pcnfield, Navy. Enlisted Apr., 1861 ; re-onlistod.

Edson Goit, 24lh Elmira. Enl'd May, 1861 ; 2d lieut.; dis. May, '63.
W. H. Pcnfield, 24th Wash. In service seven years.

B. H. Pcnfield, UOth Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862; dis. Aug., 1863, for

disability.
John Freeman, Jr.. 14th Reg. Enlisted Aug., 1801; dis. Aug., '61.
David T. Whyburn, John W. Ames, H. M. Ames, L. Ballard. No

record.
John J. Lester, 14th Inf. Enl'd Sept., 1863; promoted to sergt.;

discharged 1865.
Harrison Bristol, UOth Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1864 ; dis. 1865.
Ed. P. Warner, 147th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1862: dis. 1865.
A. E. Huntley, 2d Cav. Enlisted Jan., 1864; dis. 1865.
Davis M. Webb, 147th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1862; dis. 1865.
Burton Webb, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Oct., 1861 ; dis. Sept., 1862, disability.
Julius Jackwith, 24th Inf. Enl'd Apr., 1861; re-enl'd; dis. 1865.
J. T. Benton, 147th Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862 ; dis. Nov., 1863, disability.
Geo. Jackwith, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Sept., 1861 ; dis. Sept., 1S64.
Cephas H. Frary, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Oct., 1801; pro. to sergt.; dis.

Dec, 1864.
Chas. Malnora, 47th Inf. Enl'd Jan., 1864; )iro. to sergt.; dis. '65.
A. Malnora, 121st Inf. Enlisted March, 1865 ; dis. 1865.
Geo. W. Putnam, 1st L. Art. Enl'd Jan., 1864; pro. to sergt.; dis.

1865.
Theo. Ganthur, 121st Elmira. Enl'd Apr., 1865 ; dis. 1865.
Albert Rogers, 114th Reg. Enlisted Aug., 1861 ; dis. Aug., 1864.
Chas. F. Wheeler. No record.
Henry Ames, Navy. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1805.

C. Lavally, Ohio Regt. Enl'd Sept., 1862 ; pro. to curp. ; dis. Aug.,

1865.
P. Clement, Ohio Regt. Enlisted Sept., 1862 ; dis. Aug., 1865.
G. Leplant, 147th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; dis. July, 1865.
G. Larkin, 184th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1864; dis. 1865.
S. Clifford, 184th Inf. Enlisted Sept., 1864: dis. 1865.
L. Requillard, 24th Elmira. Enl'd June, 1861 ; dis. 1862, for disab'y.

E. Shamppary, 1 84th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1864; dis. 1865.

J. Shamppary, 50th Inf. Enl'd Oct., 1861; wounded; dis. Oct., '64.

H. H. Porter, 7th Cav. Enlisted Oct., 1861 ; dis. 1862.

E. Halleck, UOth Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1S61 ; died Juno 18, 1863.

S. K. Brown. Enlisted Jan., 1861 ; died in Richmond prison.

J. McCanna, 1st L. Art. Enlisted Sept., 1862 ; killed at Petersburg.

H. Matteson, UOth Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862; died Aug. 20, 1863.

J. Wimple, 81st Inf. Enlisted Dec, 1861 ; died June 14, 1864.

Jas. Burcham, UOlh Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; died March 24, 1864.

John Daniels, 76th Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1863; died May 22, 1864.

Wm. Bristol, 24th Inf. Killed at Bull Run.

D. G. Powers, 24th Inf. Enlisted 1863 ; killed at Bull Run.
Francis Oudin, 14lh Reg. Enlisted Apr., 1860; died Apr. 8, 1862.
A. F. Erskine, UOth Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862: pro.; died Jan. 8, '63.
Asa D. Davis. UOth Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862; died Aug. 31, 1804, at



AVe



.f. Em



Aug.. 1862; dii



86.3, I



d .'\lu



M. M. Dewilt

Key West.
W. Jl. Waring, l.-l Sharpshooters. Enlii

28, 1864, at Me.tico.
F. N. Halsey, 147th Inf. Enl'd Sept., 1862 ; killed at Gettysburg.
J. B. Church, lJ7th Inf. Enlisted Se]it., 1862; died July 7, 1863.
E. Richardson, 147lh Inf. Enlisted May, 1861 ; killed at Bull Run.
Leonard Preeman, 147th Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862 ; pro. to corp. ; died

Aug. 15, 1864.
Lewis Preeman, 147th Inf. Enl'd Aug., 1862; killed at Gettysburg.
Chas. Prccuian, 1st L. Art. Enlisted March, 1864 : died July 3, '64.
W. H. .Sherman, UOth Inf. Enlisted Aug., 1862 ; died Mar. 2.3, 1863.



ALBION".



The territory cuibraceJ within the present boundaries of
this town originally comprised a portion of the old town of
Williamstown, then Oneida county, which was formed
March 24, 1804. Richland was set off February 20, 1807,
and Albion erected from Richland, March 24, 1825.

The surface is gently undulating, and the highest point
in town is three hundred and ninety-two feet above Lake
Ontario. It is watered by the Salmon river, which enters
the town at the northwest corner, flows in a soutlieastcrly
direction, receives Trout brook near New Centreville, and
passes out at a distance of about two miles northeast of Sand
Bank.

Albion was neither settled early or rapidly. It was as
late as 1812 when Gary Burdick threaded liis way into the
wilderness and located on lands now owned by William
Smith, two and one-half miles south of Sand Bank, on the
highway leading to Williamstown. In 1813, David, Luther,
and Benjamin Lilly came into the town, and located about
one and one-half miles distant from Sand Bank, on lands
now owned by Mr. Campbell, son of Cornelius Campbell.
The premises now owned by Ezra Olin were first settled by
Allen McClain, who moved from Lansingburgh, New York,
in 1813.

Various emigrants from the British Isles, coming west-
ward, selected this town as a dwelling-place, and prominent
among the number was Peter Henderson, who left the
" banks and braes" of old Scotia, and settled here in 1813,
and erected the first log house in Sand Bank, which stood
on the site now occupied by the Towsley block. He was a
hardy, industrious pioneer, and while erecting his dwell-
ing in this wilderness, lived in a cave covered over with
" puncheons," which served to keep him from the inclemency
of the weather. In this rude habitation he remained several
months isolated from the world, his only neighbors being
bears and wolves. Mr. Henderson's family consisted of
nine children, — six daughters and three sons. The latter are
living; Thomas and Alexander in this town, and John in
Ashtabula county, Ohio. Four of the daughters are also
living.

Many of the pioneers of Albion came from Washington
county in this State, and among the number was Francis
McClain, who settled in 1816, and subsequently located in
Williamstown, where he died in 1876.

In the vicinity of New Centreville the first settler was
Ezekiel Smith, wlio erected the first saw-mill at that place,
on the site now occupied by the mill of David Barber.
St. John Sanborn also settled in an early day, and is a
present justice of the peace.

At Salmon River post-ofiice, known as Pineville " square,"
Charles Rice and Jesse Crowell were early settlers, and built



the first saw-mill. Although not a mechanic. Squire Rice
was active in erecting mills along the river, and perhaps no
man it) the town did more to develop this enterprise. A
son named John Rice now resides at Pineville, and a
grandson occupies the original homestead. Jesse Crowell
removed to Albion, Michigan, where he died.

An early settler in the south part of this town was Wil-
liam Allen, who located near South Albion post-ofiice. He
married Dorcas Burdick, daughter of the first settler in the
town. Whether the courtship was of long duration, or
whether the cour.se of true love ran smooth or not, cannot
be definitely stated, but the all-important moment of "pro-
posing" was handled in a practical manner, as the following
will show. He was not of a bashful turn of mind, didn't
" stand awhile on one foot first, and then awhile on 'tother,"
neither were there any Capulets or Montagues whose enmity
necessitated the scaling of garden walls. She was an in-
dustrious housewife, and while seated milking a cow, he
chanced to pass that way and accosted her, saying, "Dork,
what will you give me to milk that cow?" " I'll give you
myself," she promptly replied, and he at once entered into
the bargain, and sat himself down and milked the cow, and
married the girl, and lived in Albion town.

Moulton Cross, a native of Bennington, Vermont, was
an influential man in the early days of the town, and during
many years ofilciated as justice of the peace. A son, Charles
H. Cross, is a prominent citizen of the village of Pulaski.

William Abbott early settled at Sand Bank, and erected
a building used for a tavern, which stood near the present
residence of Byron Helme.

The pioneer store was kept by Ammi Hinkley, a native
of Oneida county, who settled in 1828, in a building on the
site now occupied by the store of Charles F. Comstock.

The next merchant who off'ered his wares for sale in this
village was Daniel Crandall.

The first tavern was kept by Dr. Brace, in 1814, near
the present location of the Metliodist Protestant church.

As the settlements advanced the want of physicians be-
came a pressing need, and among the early practitioners
the names of Doctors Taylor and Ufibrd are remembered.
Both subsequently moved to the west, and the latter now
resides in Illinois.

The pioneers of Albion, while laboring under the diffi-
culties incident to the settlement of a new country, early
manifested an interest in the educational training of the
youth, and in 1816 erected a school-house, on the site now
occupied by the present fine two-story school building. The
first scliool in this building was taught by Silvia Breed, who
subsequently became the wife of John Pride, a prominent
citizen of Richland.




'Buena\ista':Res.of D.R.AVERILL, (Invcnto,




vcmu CHLMicM PAINT) ALBION, OSWEGO CO. NY.



HISTORY OF OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



279



The pioneer grist-mill was built by Moses Rich, on the
site now occupied by the mill of Mr. Westovcr. Two sons
of Moses Rich, Morgan L. and Dr. Van Rensselaer, now
reside at Sand Bank. The Lilly brothers erected the first
saw-mill in this town, where the mill now owned by Robert
McCullcy is .situated.

The first postmaster at Sand Bank was William Abbott,
and the mail was brought to the town by William Worden,
a mail-carrier, who tnivulcd on horseback from Oswego to
Utica.

One of the early preachers, or more familiarly known in
that early day as circuit-riders, was Rev. Truman Gillctt, a
Free-Will Baptist, father of Mrs. Thomas Henderson. He
journeyed through the wilderness on horseback, carrying
hymn-book and Bible. He subsequently settled in Cam-
den, where he died at an advanced age.

The village of Sand Bank was incorporated February 21,
1876. The first oflficers were as follows : President, Dwight
W. Blodgett; Trustees, Thomas M. Costello, David 0. Ed-
gar, Peter Doxtator. The present officers are C. F. Com-
stock, president ; Stephen Litts, C. Campbell, and Noble
Hazzard, trustees.

The present business interests are represented as follows:

Dry goods and groceries, Friuk ct Curtis, Charles F.
Comstock, Aaron Fuller, and Dwight D. Blodgett.

Hardware, Noble Hazzard.

Boots and shoes, Byron Helnie.

Druggists, Cyrus R. Cramer, John C. Brown.

Farniture and vndcrtaker, James M. Lyon.

Wagon-maker, F. M. Niles.

Blacksmiths, F. M. Niles, Williams & Cox.

Tailor, H. S. Hunt.

Tanners, Lane, Pierce & Co., William Keeney.

Lumhermcn, Post & Henderson, Brooks & Gurley, C.
Campbell.

Butcher, Stephen Litts.

Barber, T. D. Cox.

Justice of the peace, Noble Hazzard.

Attorneys, John M. Brown, W. T. Eastman, B. N.
Brainard.

Notaries imhlic, Aaron Fuller, C. F. Comstock, John
C. Brown.

Postmaster, Aaron Fuller.

Physicians, Geo. E. Caqienter, C. R. Cramer, John M.
Brown, Van R. Rich.

Hotel, Peter B. Doxtator.

Grist-mill, Chas. Westhovcr.

Carpenters, D. C. Pragdon, A. B. Westcott, G. Rob-
inson, D. H. Perry.

Albion Tannery, Lane, Pierce & Co., proprietors. —
This business was established in 1852, by ihe Cha]>man
brothers, and continued by them until 1850, when it
passed into the hands of George Bellamy, by whom it was
continued until 1861, when it was conducted by Fanning
& Son until 1866. In that year Thorn, McFarlane & Co.,
of New York, purchased the establishment and carried on
the business until 1871, when it came into the possession
of the present firm, con.sisting of Alonzo Lane, Andrew
Pierce, James Pierce, and William P. Pierce.

The taniiciy was destroyed by fire in July, 1S76, and



rebuilt and in operation witliin three months. The main
building is two hundred feet in length, forty feet wide,
three .stories in height, exclusive of basement. A wing
attached is forty by ninety feet, three stories in height.
Employ two hundred men. Capacity, five hundred hidea
per week. This firm has a tannery also in operation in the
town of Orwell. ).,ane. Pierce & Co. oi)erate three different
establishments, and tan more buff leather than any other
firm in the United States.

CIVIL HISTORY.

The town of Albion was organized March 24, 1825, and
the first town-meeting was held at the house of Peter Hen-
derson, and adjourned to the horse-barn of Reuben Rich,
May 3 of the same year. Jloulton Cross was chosen
chairman of the meeting, and John Jiarker secretary.

The following officers were elected : John L. Curtemas,
supervisor; Chas. H. Learned, town clerk; Isaac Jaquith,
Timothy Norton, Moulton .Cross, assessors ; Nathan Bliss,
Cary Burdick, Reuben Rich, commi.ssioners of highways;
Nathan Bliss, collector; Joseph Tucke.r, Timothy Norton,
overseers of the poor; Nathan Bliss, Wm. Allen, Van R.
Rich, constables ; Ebenczer Barker, Amos Doolittle, Jos.



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