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ary, 1829, and took up one hundred acres of timbered land
on the Roosevelt tract, and after a few years he purchased
an addition of thirty acres more. During the next twenty-
three years he cleared up the farm, split rails and fenced it,
put up good and substantial buildings, and raised a family
of ten children. During that time he saved about twelve
hundred dollars, and in 1852 rented out his farm, moved
to Bernhard's Bay, and engaged, in company with Mr.
Titus and others, in building a ghiss-factory. About eight
months after his removal to the bay his wife died ; she had
been sick and complaining for some fifteen or sixteen years,
but notwithstanding all her poor health she was a good
wife, an aff'ectionate mother, and a great help to him in his
business transactions. The next year he sold out his in-
terest in the glass-factory and moved back on his farm.
In that speculation he came out about as he went in, — nei-
ther losing nor making any money. In 1854 he married
the widow Phoebe Green, and in addition to his own family
brought up her two boys, and in 1858 sold his farm, moved
into Madison county, and bought a small farm. He re-
sided there until 1866, and in January of that year his
wife died. He then sold his farm and came back to the
town of Constantia, and after spending something over one
year without any home of his own, on the 24th day of Sep-
tember, 1867, he again entered into the bonds of matri-
mony with Mary Miller, who was then a resident of Syra-
cuse, but was born and brought up in Kingsbury, Washing-
ton county. He then purchased the farm he now occupies,
a little east of the village of Constantia, on the lake-shore
road. He has worked very hard during his life, has lost
some two thousand dollars or more, has given and helped
some of his children to as much more, and has still enough
left to keep him the rest of his life. He is now seventy-
six years old, and yet able to do a day's work. His wife
is sixty-eight years old.

The entire family of Mr. Winn, consisting of children,
grandchildren, and great-grandchildren, amounting to sixty-
three, are now all living within a half-day's journey of his
home.

During his residence in the town of Constantia he con-
tributed to the building of three churches, the Friends'
church, Methodist church, and Baptist church, and his re-
li;-;iuus opinion has always been in i'avor of the Friends, or,
as .some people call ihcm, Quakers. He Las never been a



member of any church, but has always been a believer in
religion and a supporter of the church. His present wife
is a member of the Baptist church, and has been since she
was eighteen years of age.



MILITARY RECORD OF CONSTANTIA.



Eugene Albeo. Enlisted in the IStti Regt., in 1863; re-enl'd in the

IS'Jtli Regt., in 1864.
Willarn Albee. Enlisted in the linih Regt., in 1862.
Henry Ames. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 1864.
Frederick Andrews. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 186.3.
George L. Andrews. Enlisted in the 52d Regt., in 1862 ; wounded

twice at Petersburg.
Andrew Anthony. Enlisted in the llOth Regt., in 1862.
James L. Arnold. Enlisted in 147th Regt., in 1862 ; pro. to ord. sergt. ;

trans, to the 91st Regt.; wounded.
D. Lester Babcoek. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
John II. Babcook. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
John S. Banning. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 1864.
Eugene II. Barry. Enlisted in the 7Ist Pa. Regt., in 1861.
Wm. H. Barlow. Enlisted in the 13th Regt., in 1863.
George D. Bartlett. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862 ; died Oct.

13, 1863, at New Iberia, La.
Allen Barry. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.
George W. Buymore. Enlisted in the 1st Regt., in 1864.
Ezra M. Bedell. Enlisted in the 147th Regt.. in 1862.
George A. Bedell. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Benson Jay Bedick. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.
Nathan G. Beebe. Enlisted in 189th Regt., in 1864
Samuel Bernhard. Enlisted in 110th Regt., in 1S62; pro. to Corp.;

died in New Orleans, May 22, 1863.
Alfred Blouers. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.
Barlow Blouers. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
John Henry Blouers. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Asa Bolster. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Jacob Blister. Enlisted in the 1st Regt., in 1864.
James Bradley. Enlisted in the 14th Regt.. in 186.5.
Thomas Brailshaw. Enlisted in the 1st Regt., in 1861.
Benjamin F. Bristol. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1861; diseh.

for disability.
Joseph Bristol. Enlisted in the 22d Regt., in 1863.
Thomas A. Bristol. Enlisted in the 13th Regt., in 1863.
Wm. Brossley.

Eugene Brown. Enlisted in the lot Regt., in 1864.
Hamilton D. Brown. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Charles U. Bruen. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1863; died while

a prisoner iit Audersonville, in September, 1864.
Edward 0. Brunell. Enlisted in the 149th Regt., in 1862 : re-eul'd

in the 149th Regt., in 1864.
Victor Bullock. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
Augustus Butler. Enlisted in the 3d Regt., in 1862.
Benjamin F. Butler. Enlisted in the 5th Regt., in 1864 ; died of sick-
ness caused in the service, at Jeffersonville, Ind., Dec. 19, 1864.
James C. Butler. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
George W. Britton. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
James Button. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Richard Burden. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Elisha B. Burdick.

Charles Burst. Enlisted in the 193d Regt., in 1864.
James H. Burton. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 1863.
Barry Callaghan. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
James L. Carroll. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
M. S. Carroll. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
George W. Carter. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Edward Lucius Cary. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862; died of

wounds in January, 1864, at Baton Rouge, La.
Henry C. Casey. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 1863.
.luhii Casey. Enlisted in the ISOth Regt., in 1864.



HISTORY OF OSWEGO rOUNTY, NKW YORK.



Clmrlfs Caswell. Enlistcil in the llUlli Kigl.. in ISC:'.

Willinui Celia. Enlisted in the Ist Hcgt., in 1862.

Jiiincs N. Clark. Enlisted in the 157tli Uegt., in 1SC2.

George CUrk, Jr. Enlisted in 1863.

Francis 0. Clock. Enlisted in the ISOth Regl. in lsr.4.

James H. Cody. Enlisted in the 4th Mass. Cav., in ISli I.

James Cue.

Owen 0. Conner. Enlisted in the 147th Rcgt., in 1862.

Frederick II. Cook. Enlisted in the 18«th Regl., in 1864.

Ilinry Cook. Enlisted in the I89th Regt., in 1864.

Lewis Coon. Enlisted in the 32d Rcgt., in 1861 ; ro-enlisled in (he

Cth Regt., in 1862.
William H. Cooney. Enlisted in the 1st Regt., in 18114; died of

wounds, August 5, 1864, at Washington, D. C.
Renjomin Covant. Enlisted in 1864.

Abram Countreman. Enlisted in the 147lh Regt., in 1862.
Truman Coyle.

A. Z. Crandall. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1804.
Edwin Crandall. Enlisted in the 1st Rcgt., in 1862 ; killed by guer-
rillas while bearing dispatches.
J..lin Crumon. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
James Cunningham. Enlisted in the 16th Regt., in 1865.
Henry F. Curran. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.
Ephraim Darling. Enlisted in 1862; died in Washington, D. C,

December 11, 1862.
Almon Davis. Enlisted in the 32d Regt, in 1861.
Ilenrj B. Davi.s. Enlisted in the 189lh Rcgt., in 1864; killed in

battle near Petersburg, March 30, 1865.
Charles Dean. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
Silas Dean. Eulisled in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Th.,mas D. Dean. Enlisted in the lS9th Rcgt., in 1S64.
Melville Decker. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1861 ; rc-enlisted in

1 93d Regt., in 1863.
James Dellahant. Enlisted in the 26th Regt., in 1801 ; killed in bat-
tle at Manassas Gap, August 30, 1802.
Michael Dellahant. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1861 ; killed in

the seven days' fight before Richmond, June 28, 1862.
Thomas Dellahant. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1862.
Samuel A. Dennis. Enlisted in the llOth Rcgt., in 1862.
Hiram Lewis Dicker. Enlisted in the 1st Regt., in 1SG4.
J. B. Dickinson. Enlisted in the 13th Regt., in 1863.
Muses Dickinson. Enlisted in the 2Cth Regt., In 1801.
Titus A. Dickinson. Enlisted in the llUth Regt., in 1862.
Frederick Dilton. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.
Francis L. Dodd. Enlisted in the 147th Rcgt., in 1862; died July

3, 1863, at Fairfax, Va.
James E. Dodd. Enlisted in the 146th Regt., in 1862 ; died June 7,

1863, at Aquia Creek, Va.
Patrick Dority. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.
Willinrji W. Dority. Enlisted in the 147th Rcgt., in 1862.
Irvine Duncan. Enlisted in 14th Regt., in 1862.
Silas Dunn. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Wa.«hington N. Dutcher. Enlisted in the 189th Rcgt., in 1864.
William Henry Dutcher, Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Alphcus V. Eiighn. Enlisted in the 7th Regt., in 1801.
Levi Elli..^. Enlist.-. I in the 189th Rcgt., in 1864.
Warren L. Ellis. Enlisted in the lS9th Regt., in 1864.
Frank Emery. Enlisted in the 189th Rcgt., in 1864; killed in battle,

March 30, 1865, at Ford's Farm.
Homer Lester Farmer. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1861; killed

at Malvern Hill, June 31, 1862.
Martin Farr.

Juscjih A. Farrer. Enlisted in the 3d Regt., in 1863.
Robert H. Feeler. Enlisted in the 29th Regt., in 1863.
Peter B. Ferris. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Orange S. Fitch. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.
Asa Philip Forbes. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
David W. Franklin. Enlisted in the 97th Rcgt., in 1801 ; re cnlistcl

in 97th Regt., in 1864.
Henry Fritt. Enlisted in the 149th Regt., in 1862.
Augustus Fritz.

John Fitzsimmons. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1801.
James F. Garvin. Enlisted in the 14th Regt.
Michael Gallagher. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1863; killed in

battle at Chapin Farm, Sept. 29, ISOJ.



Uibbins. Enlisted in the 189lh Rcgt., in 1S6I.
Gibler. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
Alunzo Gilbert. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Lewis Gilford. Enlisted in the I»t Rogt., in 1861.
Samuel Godfrey. Enlisted in the 189th Rcgt., in 1864.
George Goodrich. Enlisted in the 110th Rcgt., in 1862.
Robert F. Goodrich. Enlisted in the I47tb Rogt., in 1862.
Edward F. GofT. Enlisted in the 16th Regt., in 1865.
John Granger. Enlisted in the M7th Rcgt., in 1862.
John Green. Enlisted in the 117th Regt., in 1864.
William C. Green. Enlisted in the 1 17th Uegt., in 1864.
Henry Grismeyer. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.
Seth Hall. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.
Simon Hallagan. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Albert Hamilton. Enlisted in the 189th Regt , in 1H64.
Herman Hamilton. Enlisted in the I2th Regt., in 1801.
Obed Hamilton. Enlisted in the 104th Regt., in 1803.
Samuel Hamilton. Enlisted in the 11th Regt., in 1863.
Victor Hallock. Enlisted in the 147th Regl., in 1862.
I'rederick A. Harris.

Hcury Harris. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in IS64.
Jason L. Harris. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 1863; was pro. tcicnrp. ;

died of wounds in Washington, D. C, June 12, 1864.
John H. Hayes. Enlisted in the llOth Regt., in 1862; died Juno 29,

1864, of sickness caused in the service.
Wilson Ilaynes. Enliste I in the 122d Regt., in 1862.
Charles S. Hazen. Enlisted in the 110th Rcgt., in 1862: pro. t..

Corp.; died at Key West, Fla., June 25, 1804.
Wm. Hedrick. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1861.
Columbu,s Henkley.

Wm. J. Ilendrick. Enlistc.l in the lS9th Regt., in 1864.
Lucius Howard. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1802.
Jonathan Hoffman. Enlisted in the 1 1th Regt., in 1S02.
Henry C. Holbrook. Enlisted in the 1st Regt., in 1802: re-cni'.l in

the 1st Rcgt., in 1864.
Charles H. Holly.

Edward II. Hoose. Enlisted in the 189th Rogt., in 1864.
Henry S. Hoose. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.
Benjamin Houghkeep. Enlisted in the 122d Regt, in 18 1 ".
Cornelius Iloughtaling. Enlisted in the 6th Rcgt., in 1864.
Wm. II. Houghlaling. Enlisted in the 189th Rcgt., in 1864.
Dennis Jackson. Enlisted in the 9th Regt., in 1863.
Martin Jast. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.
Hugh Kelly. Enlisted in the 13th Mil. Regt., in 1865.
Michael Kelly. Enlisted in the II 0th Regt., in 1862.
Robert Kelly. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.
Martin Kennedy
Runney Kilbourn. Enlisted in the llOth Regt., in 1861; did of

wounds in Washington, D. C, July 10, 1864.
Jauiain Kimball. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in ISOt; killcl in

battle near Field's Farm, March 30, 1805.
John Kimball. Enlisted in the 189th Rogt., in 1804.
John A. Lane. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.
Joseph Lane. Enlisted in the UOIh Regt., in 1862.
David B. Lewis. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
John W. Lewis. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862; died at Key

West, Fla., June 11, 1864.
Franklin Linoe. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862 ; died in Wash-
ington, D. C, December 11, 1862.
Harry Lincc. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Napoleon B. Linoc. .Enlisted in tho 14th Regt., in 1862.
Charles Marble. Enlisted in the Ist Regt., in 1864.
David Marble. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1861.
Edward Marble. Enlisted in the Uth Regt., in 1861 ; re-enl'd in the

189th Regt., in 1864.
George T. Marble. Enlisted in tho 189th Rcgt., in 1861.
James Mareellus. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 1803.
William Mareellus. Enlisted in the 93d Regt., in 1865.
William Marra. Enlisted in the 189th Rcgt., in 1864.
Ben. F. Marsdcn. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.
George C. Marshall. Enlisted in the 110th Rogt., in 1862.
Stephen Marshall. Enlisled in the I loth Regt., in 1862.
Franklin M. McCluvey. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.
Nicholas McC.y. Enlisted in the 147th Rcgt., in 1862; died at Al-



HISTORY OP OSWEGO COUNTY, NEW YORK.



Jesse R. MoCrcy. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

David McLaughlin. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1861.

James H. Miller. Enlisted in the 24th Regt., in 1863.

Henry George Mills. Enlisted in 1863.

Veleom Montrop. Enlisted in the l-47th Regt., in 1862.

Robert Moore.

Philo Moury. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

D.-vvid Mudler. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.

Owen Mulholland. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.

George Mullen. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.

David Murphy.

Conrad Myers. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1863.

James A. Natson. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.

Robert Nelson. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

Andrew Nickerson. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.

Elias Nilson. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

Charles Noye. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1861.

Simon H. Odell. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.

Lewis K. Oringer. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1864.

Amos G. Payn. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.

Wm. Perkins. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.

John E. Persall. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.

H. Pettis. Enlisted in the 24th Regt., in 1864.

Albert Phillips. Enlisted in the 22d Regt., in 1864.

Augustus M. Phillips. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1861.

Henry Phillips. Enlisted in the 24th Regt., in 1864.

John L. Phillips. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1861; died at
Washington in 1862, of sickness acquired in the service.

Alexander Plumb. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862; killed
in the battle of Gettysburg.

Simon A. Plumb. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.

Alonzo B. Pryor. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.

Alford Fancher PurJy. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

Matthew Purdy. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.

Patrick Purdy. Enlisted in the 97th Regt., in 1861 ; died at Bal-
timore, July, 1862, of sickness acquired in the service.

John E. Quackenbush. Enlisted in thj 189th Regt., in 1864.

Frank Radley. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.

Balsar Redick. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862; died at
Key West, Fla., May 29, 1864, of yellow fever.

David Reese. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

Andrew C. Renolds. Enlisted in the lS9th Regt., in 1864.

Andrew J. Reymore. Enlisted in the 193d Regt., in 1865.

William R. Robbins. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.

Clifford E. Rohdo. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1804.

George H. Rohde. Enlisted in the 1st Regt., in 1861.

Hamilton Rowley. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

Martin Rowley. Enlisted in the lS9th Regt., in 1864.

Abraham Russell. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

Decatur llussell. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.

John Ryan. Enlisted in the lS9th Regt., in 1864.

Elan Seymourc. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862 ; died in Wash-
ington, D. C, Jan. 30, 1864,

William Sheldon. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 1863.

James A. Sheridan. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1861.

Griinville Short. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

John B. Simpson. Enlisted in the 110th Regt., in 1862.

Abel Smith. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.

Calvin A. Smith. Enlisted in the Slst Regt., in 1863.

Charles Smith. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.

James M. Smith. Enlisted in the 57th Regt., in 1863.

Thomas Smith.

William 0. Smith.

J. Southerland. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.

Reuben Sparrouk. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.

William Squires. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.

Hiram N. Stanton. Enlisted in the 22d Regt., in 1864; died while a
prisoner at Andersonville. June 14, 1864.

Samuel R. Stanton. Enlisted in the 22d Regt., in 1864; died Jan.
2, 1865, at Annapolis, Md.

Charles Stebbins. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.



Andrew J. Stinger. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862; died at

Port Hudson, La., July 30, 1863.
William Stoby. Enlisted in the 1st Regt., in 1864.
Robert Stone. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.
Dennis Stratton. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862 : died in New

Orleans, La., Feb. 19, 1863.
David Tanner. Enlisted in the 101st Regt., in 1862.
Frank Tarpcnny. Enlisted in the 6th Regt., in 1864.
David B. Taylor. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
James Martin Taylor. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
Philo R. Taylor. Enlisted in the 93d Regt., in 1861.
William A. Taylor. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Spofford L. Thiiyer. Enlisted in the 24th Regt., in 1864.
L. Tetur. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Thomas N. Tracy. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Harry Thompson. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.
John Town. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Aaron V. Vandenburg. Enlisted in the 12th Regt., in 1863.
Andrew J. Vandenburg. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1861.
Peter E. Vandenburg. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Henry P. Vanderweaken. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
George A. Vamier. Enlisted in the 97th Regt., in 1861.
H. Vanlercook. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1861.
Russell Volney. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
George Warren. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Alexander Waters. Enlisted in the 24th Regt., in 1865.
Arthur Jones Watson. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
David W. Weed. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 1864 ; died of wounds

at Cold Harbor, May 15, 1864.
Albert Harvey Wells. Enlisted in 1863.
Charles A. Wells. Enlisted in the UOth Regt, in 1862.
Henry Wells. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1861.
Wm. Wills. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1861 ; died at Newport,

April 18, 1862, of sickness caused in the service.
Wm. Edwin Wells. Enlisted in the 13th Regt., in 1863.
Isaac P. West. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1861.
Poleg E. West. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
David Whipple. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
David White. Enlisted in the 2d Regt., in 1861.
George Widrig. Enlisted in the 13th Regt., in 1864; died in Jan.,

1865, of sickness caused in the army.
Squire Widrig. Enlisted in the 13th Regt., in 1864; died at Wash-
ington, D. C.
Valentine Widrig. Enlisted in the 13th Regt., in 1864; died in Aug.,

1864, of sickness caused in the service.
Albert Wilbur. Enlisted in the 14th Regt., in 1865.
Andrew J. Williard. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862; died at

Key West, Fla., June 25, 1864.
George Williard. Enlisted in the 13th Regt., in 1863.
Russell G. Willis. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
Charles D. Wilson. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1864.
Ellis Wilson. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
George Wilson. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Charles H. Wines. Enlisted in the 104th Regt., in 1864.
David Wines. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862; died at Belle

Plaine, La., M.ay 2, 1863, of accidental wounds.
George Wines. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862.
James 0. Wines. Enlisted in the 147th Regt., in 1862; died April

27, 1863, at Washington, D. C, of sickness acquired in the serv.
John P. Winn. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1861.
Moseley Witt. Enlisted in the UOth Regt., in 1862.
Ellis A. Wood. Enlisted in the 81st Regt., in 1861; died May 18, 1802,

at Fortress Monroe, Va.
Kimball Wood. Enlisted in the 50th Eng. Regt., in 1861 ; died at

Washington, D. C, November 3, 1861.
Lovell M. Woolman. Enlisted in the 13th Regt., in 1863; died in

service, September, 1864.
Frederick Wright. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
Charles F. Yates. Enlisted in the 189th Regt., in 1864.
William York. Enlisted in the Ist Regt., in 1864.
Charles H. Zee.



i




REb OF ;.W B EN NCTT, Orwell, Oswego Co.,N.Y.



ORWELL.



"The year of the great eclipse," 1806, otherwise known
as "the dark days," is an epoch often referred to by the few
now surviving who were then old enough to remember that
startling phenomenon.

In that year Frederick Eastman and Jesse Merrill, with
their families, made their residence on the north bank of
the Salmon river, about a mile below the site of the pres-
ent village of Molino or Pekin, being the first settlers
within the limits of the present town of Orwell. One of
Mr. Eastman's children was Elliott, who, being born with
the century, was then six years old, and is now seventy-
seven, — being a resident of Molino, and the sole survivor
of the little party which took possession of Orwell in behalf
of the white race seventy-one years ago.

His memory flies back readily along the intervening path
of time to the " year of the great eclipse," and to him we are
indebted for much of the early part of the town history.

For a year the two families dwelt alone in the wilderness.
In 1807, Nathaniel Bennett and Nathaniel Bennett, Jr., set-
tled in the same locality, and Captain George W. Noyes
located on the site of Orwell Corners. Noyes moved away
after a few years, but the Bennett family has ever since
remained in the vicinity of the place of its first location.
In 1807 or 1808, also, Silas Maxham settled half a mile
east of Pekin, and Elias Mason made his home near Salmon
river falls. In 1808 or 1809, Timothy Balch came from
Sandy Creek, and built a log house at Orwell Corners.
His son John, who was then sixteen, is now, at the age of
eighty-five, the earliest surviving resident of that village.

Old Mr. Balch, who had lived in what is now Sandy
Creek but two or three years, had been, like many others,
attracted away from the valley of the Mohawk to this
northern region by the excellence of the water. That
around Utica was not good enough for them. Yet, much
as the settlei-s liked good water, they also liked good whisky,
and Mr. Balch soon began selling it to them. Tiiis was
about all that was necessary in those days to constitute an
inn-keeper, and Mr. Balch's house conse(juently ranks as the
first hotel in Orwell.

In 1808, David Eastman, son of Frederick, and Betsey
Bennett, daughter of Nathaniel, were united by the first
marriage ever celebrated in Orwell. Their daughter Sally,
afterwards the wife of Silas Clark, was the first white child
born within the same limits, and the young mother was the
first victim of death, unless it was old Mrs. Balch, Timo-
thy's mother, who died in 1810, about the same time as
Mrs. Bennett.

And what manner of country was it in which was thus
begun the hard task of subduing the wilderness to the uses
of civilization, — in which was thus opened the unending
drama of wedlock, of birth, and of death?
•J.0



The territory of (he present town of Orwell, on the east-
ern side, was high and rocky, and covered with numerous
evergreens, — pines, hemlocks, spruce, etc. The ground
descended westward, but was still uneven, though the soil
was well adapted to cultivation. Here, besides an abun-
dance of hemlock, were large quantities of beech, maple,
and the other hard-wood trees comnmn in an American
forest.

Through the southea.stcrn portion of the tract ran Salmon
river, following a southwesterly direction, and a large part
of the way flowing through a deep gorge lined on either
side with immen.se walls of earth and rock, overhung with
evergreens at the top.

The earliest pioneers, as they made their way cautiously



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