Crisfield Johnson.

History of Cuyahoga County, Ohio ... : with portraits and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers online

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in 1854.

"Missouri," of six huudrcd and twelve tons;
built at Erie in 1840; eonvcrled iiitu a propeller barge
in ISOS.

built at, tlevehnid in 1814, lost, on Lung Point in
1870.

" New Orleans," of six hundred and ten tons; built
at Detroit in 1S44; lost at 'I'hunder bay in 1853.

■•St. Louis," „f si\ luin.lre.l and I'lghtcen t.ms;
built at Perrysbuig in 1S14; wreeked on Lake Erie
in 185'<!.

U. S. steamer " Michigan," of five huiulred and
eighty-three tons; built at Erie in 1844; wrecked.

"Nuigara" (Second), of ten hundred eiglity-fcuir
tons; builtat Buffalo in 1845; buiaied on Lake Michi-
gan in 1850 — sixty lives lost.

"G. P. Griffith," five hundred and seven tons;
builtat Buffalo in 1845; burned on Lake Erie in 1850,
with a loss of two hundred .and fifty lives.

" Albany," of six hundred and sixty-nine tons;
built at Detroit in 1840; wrecked at Presq' Lsle, Lake
ILinin. in 1S53.



" llendrick Hudson," of seven hundred and fifty-
nine tons; built at Black river in 1840; burned at
Cleveland in 18G0.

" Louisiana," of nine hundred tons; built at Buffalo
in 184G; wrecked at Port Burwell in 1854.

"Saratoga," of eight hundred tons, Imilt at Cleve-
land in 1846; wrecked at Port Burwell in 1854.

" Canada," of eight hundred tons; built at Chip-
pewa in 1846; lost on Lake Michigan in 1855.

"Baltic," of eight hundred and twenty-five tons;
built at Buffalo in 1847; made a barge in 1803.

" Sultana," of eight hundred tons; builtat Trenton
in 1847; wrecked in 1858.

"A. D. Patchin," of eight hundred and seventy
tons; builtat Trenton in 1847; wrecked at Skillagalce
in 1850.

•' Baltimore," of five hundred tons; built at Mon-
roe in 1847; wrecked at Sheboygan in 1855.

" Diamond," of three hundred and thirty-six tons;
built at Buffalo in 1847; broken up at Detroit in
1860.

" Pacific," of five hundred tons; builtat Newport
in 1847; lost on Lake Michigan in 1867.

"Ohio" (Second), of six hundred tons; built at
Cleveland in 1847; dismantled at Erie in 1851).

" Southerner," of five hundred tons; built at Tren-
ton in 1847; wrecked on Lake Erie in 1863.

"Arrow," of three hundi'cd and fifty tons; built at
Trenton in 1848; condemned in Green Bay in 1803.

"Alabama," of six bundled tons; built at Detroit
in 1848; sunk near Buffalo in 1854.

"Franklin Moore," of tlirce hundred tons; builtat
Newport in 1848; broken tip in 180'3.

"J. 1). Morton," of four liundred t.uis; hiiilt at
Toledo in 1848; burned on St. (lair river in ISO:!.

"Empire State," of seventeen hnndivd l.uis; hniU.a.t
St.. Clair in 1848; made a diy dock a( I'.ullalo in I.S58.

"Oueen City," of a lliuiisaiid l(Uis:buill at Buffalo
in IS.VS; l,,sl on Lake Huron in 1860.

••(ilobe." ol'twelve lunidred t.ons;built at Detroitin
1848; converted into a propel lei-.

"Charter," of three hundred and fifty Ions; builtat
Detroitin 1848; lost on Lake Erie in 1S54.

"John Hollister," of three hundred tons; builtat
Perrysburg in 1848; burned on l^ake l-h-ie; rebuilt,,
and lost on Lake Huron.

" Ailanlie." or ele\en hundred Ions; built at New-
port in I.Sl'.i; sunk at Long l'oinl.~a liundred and
fifty lives lost.

" Mayflower," (d' Ihirleen hundi-ed tons; built at De-
troit in 1849; wreeked at Point au Pelee in 1854.

" Keystone State," built at Buffalo inl849; sunk in
Saginaw bay in 1801 — thirty-three lives lost.

We have included in the above list none of less than
three hundred tons. Thus it will be seen that, aside
from numerous smaller ones, there was in 1850 a fleet
of thirty-nine steamers afloat on Lake Erie, ranging
from those of three hundred tons up to the great
leviathan "Empire State," of seventeen hundred
tons.



THE PERIOD FKOM 1840 TO 1801.



Gay times were those. The steamboat, in good
weather, was as provocative of socialjility as the stage-
coach, and furnished a great deal more enjoyment.
The lake steamer was devoid of the monotony of the
ocean vessel, and a voyage of from two days to a
week, through changing lakes, and rivers, and straits,
with all the splendid accessories of tlie model lake
steamer, by passengers excited with the Iiojjc of
western fortunes, or joyous over their return to
eastern homes, was an event long to be remembered
on tlie calendar of pleasure.

But there was another and mucli darker side to the
picture. Out of the thirty-nine steamers above men-
tioned, no less than thirty closed their career by be-
ing burned or wrecked. To be sure many of them
sailed ten or fifteen years, an4 made hundreds of
voyages before being lost, but the disaster, when it
came, was sometimes appalling. Tlie two hundred
and fifty lives lost on the " G. P. Griffith," and the
four hundred lost on the " Lady Elgin," furnished
the most terrible but not the only examples of the
dangers of lake navigation.

We have called especial attention to the fleet afloat
in 1850, because that was the most brilliant period of
lake navigation, which began to decline soon after the
completion of railroad communication between the
East and the West; but there was a large number of
steamers (not usually very large ones) which had gone
out of service before that time, besides many, both
large and splendid, which were put in commission at
a later period.

Among the most iiupnilaut of the latter were the
"Arctic," of eight hundred and tifty-seven tons; the
" Buckeye State," of twelve iiundred and seventy-four
tons; the "Northerner," of livehundred and fourteen
tons; the "Minnesota," of seven hundred and forty-
nine tons; the " Lady Elgin," of a thousand and thir-
ty-seven tons; the " Iowa," of nine hundred and
eighty-one tons; the " Cleveland," (second) of five
hundred and seventy-four tons; the "Golden Gate,"
of seven hundred and seventy-one tons; the "Trav-
eler," of six hundred and three tons; the "Michigan,"
(second) of six hundred and forty-three tons; the
"Crescent City," of seventeen iiundred and forty
tons; the "Queen of the West," of eighteen hundred
and forty-one tons; the "St. Lawrence," of eighteen
hundred and forty-four tons; tlie " E. H. Collins," of
niue hundred and fifty tons; tiie "NorLliern Indiana,"
of fourteen hundred and seventy tons; the "South-
ern Michigan," of fourteen hundred and seventy tons;
the " Forester," of five hundred and four tons; the
"Plymouth Rock." of nineteen hundred and ninety-
one tons; the " Western World " of a thousand tons;
the "North Star " of eleven hundred and six tons;
the " Illinois " (second) of eight hnndred and twen-
ty-six tons; the "Planet'' of eleven hundred and
sixty-four tons; the " Western Metro|)olis " of eight-
een hundred and sixty tons; the "City of Buffalo" of
two tiiousand tons; the " City of Cleveland" of seven
hundred and eighty-eight tons; the "Sea Bird" of



sis hundred and thirty-eight tons; the " Detroit" of
eleven hundred and thirteen tons; the "Milwaukee"
of eleven hundred and thirteen tons.

This list includes the steamers of over five hundred
tons put in commission before 18G1. The large size
of many of them does not contradict, but rather cor-
roborates, our previous statement that steamboating
began to decline soon after the completion of railroad
communication between the East and West; for, of
the very large ones, all which were not destroyed were
dismantled, or changed into vessels of other descrip-
tions, after only a few years' service.

Propellers had come into use on the lakes as early
as IS-t-^, but for several years they made but little dis-
play in comparison with the magnificent side-wheel
steamers. As the latter, however, were superseded by
the railroads as carriers of passengers, the propellers
came to the front as carriers of grain: taking the lead
of the steamers iu that occupation, and rivaling both
the sail vessels and the railroad.

Returning to the laud jiart of Cuyahoga county in
1850, we find the jieople all alive with business and
confident of future greatness. When the steamboats
were not running, the stages on the lake shore road
were loaded and doubly loaded with passengers; three,
four, and even five coaches often passing over the
route each way in a single day. The vehicles of the
line running over the great turnpike through Brook-
lyn, Parma and Strongsville to Cdhiiiiliiis were simi-
larly crowded iu both summer ami winter, whilr those
on other routes through the cimiitry were only less
heavily loa<led.

The" close of the last half of this century ni.iy be
regarded as marking the disi iiielin,, belwivii lie- old
and the new iu this county. Tlir wolvrs and the
bears had already become extinct, and aboiu this pi-r-
iod the last of the deer disapi)eai-.M| b -roiv iJie ad-
vance of civilization. Certainly they did not wait to
hear more than one or two shrieks of the locomotive.
To an old [lioneer, with a taste for hunting, Cuyahoga
county with no deer in it must have seined like a new
and uiidesiraljle world.

At this pariod, too, nearly the last of the log houses
which had sheltered the pioneers gave way to the
more comfortable frame residences of the farmers and
the briek mansions of the thriving citizens. Twent,y
years before, in at least half of the townships, log
houses had been the rule and fi-auird ones the excep-
tion. The fonnjr had gradually bjeii given u(), and
in 1850 could only be found in some very secluded lo-
cality. In such places, even yet, one may now and
then be seen, a striking memento of the pioneer days
of sixty years ago.

By the census of 1850, the papulation of the county
was forty-eight thousand and ninety-nine, distributed
as follows: Cleveland, 17,034r; Bedford, 1,85-3; Brecks-
ville, 1,116; Brooklyn, 0,375; Chagrin Falls, 1,250;
Dover. 1,102; East Cleveland, 3,313; Euchd, 1,447;
Indeii.'iiduuee, 1,485; Mayfield, 1,117: Middleburg,
1,41)0; Newburg, 1,542; Olmstead, 1.21G; Orange,



(iENEUAL HISTORY OF CUYAHOGA COUNTY.



1,0(;3; Piinna, l.o-i'J; Rockport, 1,441: Royaltoii,
l,a.53; Solon, l,o;i4; Strongsville, 1,U»9; Warruus-
ville, 1,410.

On the very thiv.sliold of t-lie second l.alt of the
century, Cnyalin-a coniitv reeei\'eil Hie l)enelits, more
or less, of railway rominunioation; Ijoing one of tlie
very first .•..unties in tlie West to be invaded of tlic
iron cun.iir'r ir. On tlie 1st day of February, 1851, a
train r:\\]\'- thr.)ngli from Columbus over the Clove-
laud, t!..lMni:.iis anil Cin.annati road, bearing tlie
State aullii'i-ili.'-; and ih.' ni.'nibers of the legislature,
when of oiirse a gran.l jnllili.'atioii was held. On the
■i-lw\ of the stime in.inlli l\,r mail was Cn-niallv
..pened for business. Tht- ('lev,.|aiia an.l I'lUsbnrg
road was eomideted forty miles the same ni.nilli, tak-
ing it outside the bounds of the county.

The other enterprises before mentioned went for-
ward as rapidly as could ba expected. The Cleveland
and Pittsburg road, and the Cleveland, Paiiiesville
and Ashtabula road (from Cleveland to Erie) were
opened for through business in 185"3. The Toledo,
Norwalk and Cleveland railroad was completed in
January, 1853; forming the last link in the chain .d'
railways between Boston and Chicago. The ('l.;ve-
hind. Paincsville and Ashtabula road was at first run
in conneetion with the Cleveland, Columlms aii.l
Ciiieinnati road, but in 1855 its management was
separated from that of the latter, and the former
naturally fell into close relations with the other roads
forming the great line along the lake shore communi-
cation from the East to the West.

In the latter part of this decade a new communica-
tion was opened between Cuyahoga county ami the
outer world. It originated in a schooner calle.l the
" Dean," built by Qu lyle and Martin, of Cleveland,
for C. J. Kershaw, of Chicago. It was loaded at the
latter post and sent direct to Liverpool (by way of the
Welland canal and the St. Lawrence river) where this
stranger from the Far West naturally created much
surprise. It was sold there. The next year the
bin|in! •■('. .1. Kershaw" was constructed by the
same builders, ami sent t.> Liverpiol by I). C. I'lcrcc,
loaded with slaves and lumber; coming back with
crockery and iron.

Direct trade between Chicago and Liverpool soon
failed, but in 1858 a fleet of no less than ten vessels
was sent fiom Cleveland to Europe. It consisted of
the"D. C. Pierce," sent to Liverpool by Pierce &
Barney; the " Kershaw," "Chieftain" and "Black
Hawk," sent to London by the same parties; the " R.
H. Harmon," sent to Liverpo.d by T. P. Hainlv;
the " D. \Y. Sexton," sent to i/.n.l'..n, and (he ".J.
F. Warn-r" to 01 h.;-ow, b jth by Mr. Handy; the
"• II. E. Howe," to Liverpool, by 11. E. Howe; the
" Correspond mt." to Liverp ) )1, by N. M. Standart;
and the '• Harvest." t.i llanilnirg, by C. Reis. All
were loailcd with staves and lumber; their total
capacity being thi-ee thmisand six hundred tons. The
cargoes of all were sold to good advantage, and six



returned successfully with cargoes of crockery, iron
and salt.

Some of these vessels attracted esjiecaal attention
when thrown among a lot of English ships which
were wind-bound at Land's End. The latter were
entirely unable to beat around the point, but tlie
American vessels, by their superior sailing (pialities,
were able to run close to the wind, unload, reload,
and sail on another voyage before one of the others
could make its way around the " End."

Direct trade with Europe promised to be an im-
portant part of the commerce of the country, but it
was driven by the rebellion into English hands.

In 1858 it was found that tlie brick court-house,
built tliirty years before, was entirely inadequate to
the rising business ©f the county, and it was not
thought desirable any longer to incumber the public
sipiare of Cleveland with county buildings. Accord-
ingly, in that year, a substantial stone edifice, of two
stories, was erected on ground on the nortli side of
H.ickwell street, facing the northwest corner of the
si|uare.

The [laiiic of 1857 had had a depressing influence
upon Cuyahoga county, as upon the rest of the coun-
try, but it was so light in comparison with the finan-
cial earthquake of 1837 that old stagers did not con-
sider it as a very serious matter. By 1860 all busi-
ness interests were in the way of rapid recovery.

By the census of that year the population of the
county was seventy-seven thousand two hundred and
six, of whom forty-three thousand four hundred and
seventeen were in the city of Cleveland, while the re-
mainder occupied the various townships in the fol-
lowing numbers: Bedford, 1,098; Brecksville, 1,024;
Brooklyn, 5,358; Chagrin Falls, 1,470; Dover, 1,384;
East Cleveland, 3.011: Euclid, 1,709; Independence,
1,GG3; Mayli.'hI. \.u\U: M i.l.lle))urg, 3,592; Newburg.
3.810; Olmst.'ad. 1,410; Orange, 1,095; Parma, l,4S(l;
Rockport, 1,793; Royalton, 1,297; Solon, 1,009;
Strongsville, 958; Warreusville, 1,554.

Among the events of the year the most interesting
was the celebration of the anniversary of Perry's vic-
tory, and the erection of a monument to that hero.
The idea originated with Hon. Harvey Rice, who in-
tr.iduced a. series of resolutions to that effect in June,
IS.') 7, into the City Council of Cleveland, which unan-
imously adopted them. A committee of five members
of the Council was authorized to contract for the
erection of the monument, and to solicit subscrip-
tions to meet the exjjense; it consisted of Harvey
Rice, chairman; 0. M. Oviatt, J. M. Cotfinberry, J.
Kirk pat rick, and C. D. Williams.

In the autumn the committee contracted with T.
Jones and Sons, proprietors of marble works at Cleve-
land, who agreed to provide all materials and erect a
monument surmounted with a statue of Perry, in the
best style of the sculptor's art, subject to the approval
of the committee, in time for the celebration on the
tenth of September, 1800. The price was to be six
thousand dollars, if so much could be obtained bj




^'^^.w^.



THE PERIOD FROM 1840 TO 18G1.



79



Mck



subscription from tlie citizens of Cievelui
wliieli the contnictors took all the risk.

After corresponding witli varions artists
Jones and Sons procured the services of Mr.
Walcutt as the sculptor of the statue. .\
rougli Carrara marble was imported from [talv, and
the entire work of sliaping the statue was performed
in the studio of Messrs. Jones and Sons at Olcveland.
On account of the increased cost of the monument,
as fiually approved, the contract price was increased
to eight thousand dollars — always provided it eoulil
be obtained by subscription.

The work went forward, and in the forepart of
LSliO the council sent out a larger luimijer of invita-
tions to the approaciiing fete. These included the
son, daugiiter and other relatives of Commodore
Perry; all the survivors of the battle, the governor.
State officers, etc., of Oiiio, the governor. State officers
and legislature of Rhode Island (the State of Pei-ry"s
residence), and numerous distinguished imlividuals
througiiout the country. It was determined to locate
the monument in the centi'r of Ihe [uiblie scpiare, at
Cleveland.

Thecek4.rati(.ii was live,} f,,r Monday, the 10th of
September, l^CO. On Saturday, the ,sth. (iovernor
S|)rague, of Uiiode Island, with his statf. the State
otHcers and many members of the legislature of that
State, and the Providence Light Infantry, arrived at
(Ueveland; being received with a spee<-li of weleoim'
by Governor Dennison, of Ohio, who was already in
the city. Immense crowds of people also eatne by all
the railroads, so as to be ready for the celebration on
Monday. Thousands upon thousands also came by
teams on Saturday and Sunday, from all the eountry
round.

During Monday forenoon every i-ailroad broiii;lil an
almost continuous snceession of trains; all the ears
being loaded with pi'ople. inside and out. After
careful computation it was eslimaled iiy eantions and
exi)orienced men that at lea,-i one Imndred ilKJiisand
visitors were in the city during the aflernoon of
Monday.

The procession was of great length; (ieiiei-al .1. W.
Fitch ijcing marshal of the day. It was beaded by
eighteen companies of uuifornieil militia, of \\hi,li
the folowing were of tliis county: ('le\elainl l.iuiit
Artillery regiment, under Colonel .lames Harnett and
Lieutenant Colonel S. U. Sturges, consisting of e(Hn-
lianies A, B, 1) tind E, commanded ivs|ii'et iveU bv
Captains Simmons. Mack, Rice and |[i'ekn:an; the
lirooklyn Light Artillery under < 'aplain I'i'lion: the
Cleveland Light Dragoons, under Captain HalMiorlli:
the Cleveland Grays, under Captain Paddock; Ihe
Cleveland Light (iuards, under Cai)tain Sanford.

The military was followed by Govs. Dennison and
Sprague and their staffs; the guests from iibode
Island; the mayor and common council of Cleveland;
Messrs. Jones and Sons, contractors ; officers and
soldiers of the war of 1813; survivors of the battle of
Lake Erie; descemlants and relatives of Commodore



Peri'y; William Waleult. the sculptor; George Ban-
croft ami Dr. Fsber Parsons (surgeon in the battle,)
orators of the day; and the judges and clergy of the
vicinity. Following these came a very large number
of the Masons of northern Ohio and neighboring
States, marshaled by their respect ive oflicers; the In-
dependent Order of'odd Fellows; and a long array of
citizens and strangers.

Among tiie distinguished ])ersons [n-esent, besides
those already named, were Oliver Hazard Perrv. the
son of the Commodoi-e; Key. |)i-. (i. II. Pei-ry, a rel-
ative of the commodoi-e. and ebaplain of the dav;

and(M,niniaiider,.f llie ■■ Se,,r|.ion " in I be l.at tie; aiid
Ca|,t. Thomas P.n.wnell. pil,,t. of the ■•Ariel."

The monnini'iit and statue had betai set up in the
public -.piare, wliieli siiiee that time, and in honor of
the oeeasion, has been called M.nininenlal Park.* The
services were held there; the statue being unveiled Liy
thesculpt<jr. The pedestal iscjf K'liode islaml granite,
twelve feet high, while the statue, of Italian marble,
is eight feet two inches in hight. Of course it faces
the lake which was the scene of the great victory.

lion, in all,, rrlirro, nf the celebrated scene when the
hero passed amid a shower of bullets from the deck
of the stricken "Lawrence" to that of the "Niag-
a:'a." The statue itself is very spirited in design and
execntion. ami. wliiK' we do not feel comjjetent to
speak of those tecbnieal points whicha sculptor would
observe, yet we can truly say that not only was it
highly satisfactory to those who knew the commodore,
as a piece of life-like portraiture, but it is in exact
harmony with all Aniei-icau traditions regarding the
brave, handsome, dashing, high-spirite<l victor of
Ihe battle of Lake Krie. Since the celebration two
smaller liguivs by the same ai'tist, a '•Sailor I'.ov "'
and a " Midsliipman." have been i.lac.l .m Ihe imnni-



d- the ,hi



lleets which had met in deadly comb
ears befoiv. wiMv failbfiillv rcDrod



after tl ther, struck their colors l,o the victorious

Ameiiiaiis.

The Following day the military com[)anies present
held a grand iiarade, and were reviewed by (iovernors



i mosttif our readers are probably aware, the i
il (inriiiK the present seasnii to a jxiint nearer t






GENKRAT. HISTORY OF OUYATIOGA OOrNTY.



Dennison and Spnigue. This closed by far the great-
est and most interesting celebration that Cnyahoga
county had ever seen.

We liave described it at considerable length, for it
was not only a brilliant event of itself but it was the
most striking occurrence in this county, during the
last year of peace. The patriotic memories of the
past were insufficient to restrain tbr iiKnlness of the
of the slave-propagandists, ami when nc\( the streets
of Cleveland resounded with tlie tread of hurrying
crowds, there was no mock battle in prospect.

The political campaign, whicb was in jirogress
when tiie great celebraliiin lonk place, resulted, as is
well known, in the triuiiiiih nf the Republican parly,
and the election of Aljrahani Lincoln to the presi-
dency. It is needless here to recount at length how
this manifestation of the people's will was made an
excuse for rebellion by the slave-holders of the South;
how State after State abandoned its allegiance, and
how the coming of spring found a Southern Con-
federacy already organized and ai-iticd. in drfiiince of
the authority of the republic for which I'lTry fougiit.

Here, as elsewhere throughout the North, men
looked on in amazement at this disloyal madness, and
it was not until the blow actually fell ujion the walls
of Siiinter fhut Micy cmld l)riiig themselves to believe
in Ihf ivalit\ (.r such sciisch-ss infamv.



f'll A PT K R XV.

DURING AND SINCE THE "WAR.
The Uprising of the (>eople— Uamp Taylor— Our Plan of Showing Ser-
vices of Soldiers— Lists of Soldiers— The Ladies' Meeting— Permanent
Organization -Co-operation with other Societies— Dr. Newberry— The
Soldiers' Aid Society of Northern Ohio— Numerous Subordinates-
Fort Donelson-Pittsburg Landing— The Territory Tributary to the
Society— No State Lines -Pressed tor Means— A Gift of Ten Thousand
Dollars—" Soldiers' Acres" and "Onion Leagues "—The Northern Ohio
Sanitary Fair— lis Success— Immense Eeturns— Other Labors— A
Threatened Draft Riot- Dispersal of the Mob-The "Squirrel Hunters"
—Cuyahoga Governors— Ted and Brough— Brough's Exertions in
ISfil— The Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad — The Soldiers become
Men of Peace— Prof. Newberry— The Census of ISrO— T)ie C'lisis of
]8T3-The Fourth Court-Honse— The Jail -Conclusion.

On the 14th of April, 18G1, the storm burst. Tiie
Cleveland ptipers of the ne.xt morning conttiincd a full
account of the asstuilt upon Sninter. As the High-
landers of three centuries ago sprang to arms when
the fiery cross was sent among them by their chief-
tains, thus, and almost as swiftly, responded tlie men
of tlie North when the daily newspapers told tiie story
of tJieir country's danger. Tiie sons of Cuyahoga
county were ready witJi the foremost. From the stores
and offices of the city, from the shops of the villages,
from the farms of tiie country, they came forward to
do battle for the integrity of the nation. The
Clevehmd Grays and Company D of the Cleveland
Liglit Artillery were two of the very first companies
to take the field for three months, to give an oppor-
tunity for the organization of a permanent force.

On the 32d of April Camp Taylor was established at
Cleveland by the irovenior, aiid'made iJie ronde/.vou.s



of the volunteers from northern Ohio. By the 27th
of the same month several thousand men were in



Online LibraryCrisfield JohnsonHistory of Cuyahoga County, Ohio ... : with portraits and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 17 of 134)