Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archæol.

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(FOUNDED 1866.)




Local Secretary for Cumberland to the
Society of Antiquaries of London.



The Council of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian
AND Arch^ological Socifty, and the Editor of their Transactions,
desire that it should be understood that they are not responsible for
any statements or opinions expressed in their Transactions ; the
Authors of the several papers being alone responsible for the same.

The Maps, Plans, and Drawings belonging to the Society are now
deposited at Tullie House, where they are available for the use of
Members. The key can be had on application to the Librarian.

The exchange Transactions received by the Society are deposited
in the Reference Library at Tullie House, where they can be



Patrons :

The Right Hon. the Lord Muncaster, F.S.A., Lord Lieutenant of Cum-

The Right Hon. the Lord Hothfield, Lord Lieutenant of Westmorland.

President :
The Right Rev. the Bishop of Barrow-in-Furness.


The Very Rev. the Dean of

The Earl of Carlisle.
H. S. Cowper, Esq., F.S.A.
The Very Rev. G. W. Kitchin,

F.S.A., Dean of Durham.
William Farrer, Esq.
John Fell, Esq., Flan How.
F. Haverfield, Esq., M.A., F.S.A.

R. D. Marshall, Esq.

The Hon. W. Lowther.

H. F. Pelham, Esq., F.S.A., Presi-
dent of Trinity College, Oxford.

Ven. and Worshipful Archdeacon
and Chancellor Prescott, D.D.

W. O. Roper, Esq., F.S.A.

His Honour Judge Steavenson.

The Rev. James Wilson, M.A.

Elected Members of Council :
T. H. Hodgson, Esq., F.S.A., Newby Grange, Chairman.

H. Barnes, Esq., M.D., LL.D.,

Rev. Canon Bovver, M.A.
J. Rawlinson Ford, Esq.
J. F. Haswell, Esq., M.D.
Rev. F. L. H. Millard, M.A.

Dr. C. a. Parker, F.S.A. Scot.

F. H. M. Parker, Esq., M.A.

Colonel Sewell.

W. N. Thompson, Esq.

E. T. Tyson, Esq.

Rev. Joseph Whiteside, M.A.

A uditors :

James G. Gandy, Esq., Heaves.
R. H. Greenwood, Esq., Bankfield.

Treasurer :

W. D. Crevvdson, Esq., Helme Lodge, Kendal.

Editor :
, W. G. Collingwood, Esq., M.A., Coniston.

Secretaries :

T. Wilson, Esq., Aynam Lodge, Kendal.

J. F. CURWKN, Esq., F.S.A., Heversham, Westmorland.



As revised at the Annual Meeting, June 20th, 1V01.

I. — The Society shall be called the " Cumberland and Westmorland

Antiquarian and Archaeological Society."
II. — The Society is formed for the purpose of investigating, describing, and

preserving the antiquities of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire

North of the Sands.
III. — The Society consists of the original members, and all those wrho may

have been or shall be elected either at a General or Council Meeting

upon the nomination of two members.
IV. — The Annual Subscription is 10/6, due and payable on the ist of July, in

each year ; and no member shall be entitled to the privileges of the

Society whilst his or her Subscription is in arrear. A composition of

Ten Guineas constitutes Life Membership. N .B. — Ladies elected prior

to August 30th, 1881, pay only 5/- per annum.
V. — The Lord Bishop of the Diocese, the Lord Lieutenant of the County of

Cumberland, and the Lord Lieutenant of the County of Westmorland,

if members of the Society, shall be Patrons thereof.
VI. — The other officers of the Society shall be a President, Vice-Presidents,

an Editor, two Auditors, a Secretary or Secretaries and Treasurer,

all being honorary officers, who shall all be elected at a General

Meeting of the members of the Society to be held each year.
VII. — The management of the Society shall be in a Council consisting of

the officers above named, excepting the Auditors, and twelve other

members, who shall be annually elected at the same time as the other

officers. The Council may, if it think fit, elect one of its members as

" Chairman of the Council."
VIII. — On the recommendation of the Council, the Annual Meeting may elect

as honorary members, gentlemen non-resident eminent for antiquarian

knowledge, or gentlemen resident who shall have rendered valuable

services to the Society, such gentlemen to have all the privileges of

membership without the payment of Subscriptions.
JX. — The Society shall hold two or more Meetings in each year at some

place of interest, at which papers shall be read, to be printed, if

approved by the Editor and Publication Committee, in the Society's

X. — The Council have power to appoint local secretaries, and to authorise

the formation of Committees for local purposes in connection with the

central body.
XI. — The Council shall meet about the month of April to settle the place or

places at which the General and other Meetings shall be held in the

season next ensuing.
XII. — The Council may appoint two members of their body, who shall, with

the Editor, form the Publication Committee.
XIII. — Members may introduce a friend to the ordinary meetings of the



(illustrations in the text are not separately mentioned).


I. Bishop Nicolson's Diaries : Part V. By the Bishop

of Barrow-in-Furness, President - - - i

Plate — Picture in the lid of Bishop Nicolson's Snuffbox ; photo

by J. Robinson & Sons, Dublin . • .. .. facing lo

II. Inglewood Forest. By F. H. M. Parker, M.A. - 35

III. Three Petitions of Shap Abbey. By R. J. Whitwell,

B. Litt., and W. N. Thompson - - - 62

IV. A Sandwith-Grindal Pedigree. By W. N. Thompson 68

V. Gospatrik's Charter. By the Rev. Frederick W.

Ragg, M.A. - - - 71

VI. On Armorial Stones at Yanwath and Barton Church.

By Francis Haswell, M.D. - - . - 85

Plate — The Bowman Stone at Yanwath . . . . facing Ss

Pedigree — Fanniily of Bowman of Askham . . . . facing 88

VII. On the Readers in the Chapehies of the Lake District.

By the Bishop of Barrow-in-Furness, President - 89

VIII. The Quaker- J esuite. By the Rev. Lewis Heathering-
ton - .....


IX. A Panel o'f Tapestry at High House, Hawkshead.

By H. S. Cowper, F.S.A. - - . - 115

Plate— Tapestry at High House .. .. .. facing 115

X. Roman Altars from Cumberland, now at Rokeby, with
a Note on the Crosscanouby Altar. By J. B.
Bailey - - . . . . ng


XI. The Capon Tree, Brampton, and its Memories. By

Henry Penfold - - - - - 129

Plate — The Capon Tree as it was in 1833 ; drawn by the Rev.

\V. Ford ; photo, by the Rev. G. J. Goodman . . facing 129

XII. The Earthwork on Infell, Ponsonby. By C. A.

Parker, M.D., F.S.A, Scot. - - • 145

XIII. Penruddock Presbyterian Meeting-house. By the

Rev. James H. Colligan - - - - 150

Plate — Penruddock Presbyterian Meeting-house . . facing 150

Plate — Rev. Richard Gilpin, M. A. .. .. .. facing 153

XIV. Kendal (Unitarian) Chapel and its Registers. By

Francis Nicholson, F.Z.S. - - - - 172

XV. Some Miscellaneous Finds. By H. S. Cowper, F.S.A. 182

XVI. Some Accounts of Anne, Countess of Pembroke. By

the Rev. Joseph Whiteside, M.A. - - - 188

XVII. On a Sculptured Trough in TuUie House Museum.

By W. G. Colliugwood .... 202

Plate — Bow Stone in Tullie House Museum ; photo, by Mr.

Tassell . . . . . . . . . . facing 208

Plate — Sculptured Stones from Kirksteads .. .. facing 210

Plate — Sculptured Stones from Kirksteads .. .. facing 211

XVIII. The Kirkby Lonsdale Parish Registers, 1538-1812.

By Edward Conder, Jun., F.S.A. - - - 213

XIX. " The Anatomy of the Earth : " by Thomas Robinson,
Rector of Ousby in Cumberland, 1694 — with a
Note on the Author. By Joseph Greenop - 243

XX. Recent finds. Mediaeval and Romano-British, in and

near Carlisle. By L. E. Hope - - - 266

Plate— Sculpture of Lion (Roman) found at Swan's premises,

Carlisle .. .. .. .. •• facing 267

Plate— I, Cochlear or Spoon of Bronze; 2, Bronze Toilet

Article .. .. .. .. •• facinp 268


XXI. Cross-fragments at Arlecdon. By J. H. Martindale - 270

Plate — Cross-fragments at Arlecdon ; photo, by C. J. F. >

Martindale . . . . . . . . . . facing 270

Proceedings .. - - 272

Plate — Finds at the Burh, Burton-in-Lonsdale .. facing 284

Two Plates — The Burh, Burton-in-Lonsdale ; photos, by the

Engineering Co., Glen Mill .. .. .. facing 284

Addenda Antiquaria . . . . . 303

Publications of the year .... 310

In Memoriam -.-.-. 313

List of Members - - - - -317

Notice to Contributors of Articles - - - 331

Index to Bishop Nicolson's Diaries - - - 333

General Index - - - 337

Statement of Accounts - - - 345



I. — Carlisle ... ... ... ... April 19.

2. — Tour to the Hebrides ... ... ... May 18-26.

3. — Carnforth, Borvvick Hall, Burton, Sealfnrd. Kirkby

Lonsdale ... ... ... ... June 30.

Tunstall, Thurland, Burton-in- Lonsdale, Hornby,

Melling ... ... ... ... ... July i.

4. — Carlisle, Brampton, Irthington, Castle Carrock,

Gelt Hall ... ... ... ... Sept. 8.

Askerton, Bewcastle, Lanercost, Naworth " ... Sept. g.

Art I. — Bishop Nicolsofi's Diaries : Part V. B}' the
Bishop of Barrow-in-Furness, President.

IT ma}' be remembered that on March 2nd, lyif,
the day before he began his journey to Parliament,
the Bishop recorded his intention to keep no journal
thenceforward, save in his almanack. From that date his
dail}' notes are much more brief: they usually consist
only of the names of persons who called upon him or
dined with him, and the like, with occasional notes about
his health, for he suffered greatly from gravel. Conse-
quently the diaries become of less interest, and fewer
extracts are here given. There are also some accounts,
lists of letters written, and a few memoranda. Thus he
notes in the volume which begins March 25th, 1714, that
his son Joseph cost him at Oxford, from his admission in
Feb. lyof to his leaving in August 1712, £446 2s. od.


May 24. To B. of Lincoln's Institution &c. of my son.* I waited on
M"^ Pelham who promis'd G. Spooner E. Lamplugh's place.

On June 14th the Bishop left London in the Lincoln
coach, and arrived at Rose Castle on June 23rd.

July 14. n). I went to ye Sessions at Carlile ; and gave y'^ Charge

(ag' y*^ pr r) to y"^ G. Jury. d. with y^ Sheriff, at the

Bush. Even'. Home again.
Aug. 2. d, Br Carlile, shaveing my head.

„ 4. p.m. M"" Sheriff Pattenson &c. with the Proclamation for

King George. Servet Deus !
Sep. 12. M'' B. preach'd on Heb. 10. 25. None of my B''s famil)' ;

my sister's Arm being broken in y^ way. God restore her

health !

* In 1714 Joseph Nicolson was preferred to the living of Mareham, near
Horncastle, then in the gift of the Bishops of Carlisle. He was inducted Chan-
cellor of Lincoln Feb. nth, 172^, and died Sept. 9th, 1728, leaving two daughters.



Sep. 21. Even'. Jos. Rothery, in 5 dayes fro York.*
,, 30. Feth. Nicolson, Fishing. No more Tables.
Oct. 20. p.m. My B"', Daughters &c. w"' me to attend ye Bonfires
on y*' Coronation, Fireworks &c.
„ 22. d. Feth. Nicolson, returning to Wales, p.m. M"^ Benson
collated to y'^ V. of Dalston.
Nov. g. Fruitless wander w"' Greyhounds.
,, 17. d. Cous. Goldsmith, for y^ Excise. f
„ 18. Even'. D"^ Todd, smooth & Frank.
,, 23. m. C. Lease to dau. Catharine. | Wood-cocking w''^ W

Tate, K. Eglesfield, W. Crosby, &c.
,, 24. Dineing at Carlisle, w'^ the Dean & Ch. where all y® Clergy

except poor Whittingdale.
„ 30. M'' B. at Highhead, M"^ Walker read ye first Service; and I
y** Second, & confirm'd dau. Eliz.
Dec. 6. N.B. The Pr's Declaration fro an unknown hand. Even'.
W. Tate, R. Eglesfield & B' Carlile.
,, 7. With y*^ sd Gunners, Killing 12 Woodcocks, a Hare and a

„ 10. M' B. & Cous. Rothery § to Lowther ; whence (even') they

brought back little G. Benson.
„ 18. York-friends w"> J. Rothery, to Carlile ; whence, in y^

Evening, M' Dean w"' his wife &c.
„ 21. The Ten''* of Cardew-Leas brought me their Grant of their
Stint fro. S"' J a. Lowther (first Ld L.) in 1690 as part of his
Mannour of Parton. d. M'' Walton ; who wants 35'b of his
city salary. li
„ 24. M' Lawson's serv' with a fine old Chalice 1 ; to be given to
any Church (whereof I am patron) not in this County.

* For Joseph Rothery, see note on April 5, 1705. At his matriculation at
Oxford, he was called "son of Edward Rothery, of Bank End, Cumberland."
Bishop Nicolson's List of Incumbents contains the following: " Bromfield,
1714-15, Mar. 14. Jos. Rothery M. A. collated by me (at Kendale, on my way to
the Parlt) being ordain'd priest ye day liefore." He seems to have acted at this
time as the Bishop's domestic chaplain, remaining with him all the winter and
the following autumn, and was with him in London dating June and July, 1717.
He resigned Bromfield March 22nd, 171!, and his successor Jeremy Nicolson
was appointed the same day, "after I was named (on ye I7thj to Derry." We
shall hear of him again in Ireland ; see May 4th, 1721.

t See Sep. 27th, 1705, and July 7th, 1713.

J Catharine Nicolson was lessee of the tithes of Linstock ; see Bishop Nicol-
son's will in C. & VV. Transactions, vol. iv., p. 10.

S The Bishop sometimes uses " cousin " of nephews and nieces. Lady
Lonsdale was a Thynne, aunt of the children of whom " Sister Rothery" had
charge. Hence probably the frequent visits of the Rothery family to Lowther.

II He had succeeded Stephenson as Master of the Grammar School.

^t This chalice was given by the Hishoj) to S. Michael's, Bongate, Appleby : it
is described and engraved in " Old Church Plate in the Diocese of Carlisle,"
p. 176. In 1903, an application was made for a faculty to sell it, which was
(happily from an antiquarian point of view; refused.


The next volume begins with Jan. ist, 1715, * i.e. 171^.

Jan. 15. G. Benson sent back to y^ School at Lowther.

„ 29. M"^ B. & Cous. Rothery to y^ Election of o' Citizens.f
Feb. 8. B"" & J. Rothery to ye Election of our K's.
Mar. I. Synod at Carlile. Ch'. Tullie preach'd on Mar. i. 15. —
Believe y" Gospel. He & W Benson elected proctors.

On March nth he began his journey southwards, and
reached London on the 25th.

Mar. 13. I preach'd at Kendale, and ordain'd | 10 Deacons & 7

„ 24. On post Horses, by Royston (NB. The Club-Room &

Monteth) and Ware to Enfield-wash.
„ 25. Ten miles (post) to London; d. w'*' my sister; Her Birth


At some time in the course of 1715 Bishop Nicolson
was appointed by George I. High Almoner. There is no
mention of this appointment in the diary at the time : but
there are several allusions to the fact of his holding the

Mar. 29. I had y^ Hon"^ to Kiss ye King's hand, introduced by L^
Hall^ who kindly reminded His Ma'^' of our Oxford
Acquaintance 34 years agoe. Lords, of both Nations, very

Apr. 2. m. To L^s Lonsdale, Portland &c. p.m. A.B. of C.
cheerful. I stand fair.
,, 9. Carry'd by B. of B.j to y*" Prince and princess, d. With
y"^ Chaplains.

* It may be noticed that the Bishop gradually drops the custom of beginning
the year on March 25th.

t Sir James Montague having been made on Nov. 22nd, 1714, Baron of the
Exchequer, Thomas Stanvvix and Sir William Strickland were elected without
a contest. "Our citizens" means "members for the city," just as "our
knights" on Feb. 8th means " members for the county." So the documents
quoted in Ferguson's i¥. P. 's /or Cumberland and Westmorland, pp. 93 and 94,
speak of Sir James Montague as " elected a Citizen for the City of Carlisle."

\ Acting for the Bishop of Chester. Among the Deacons ordained was
Bellingham Mauleverer, who became the Bishop's Chaplain, and ultimately his

§ John Evans, consecrated Bishop of Bangor 1702, and translated to Meath
1715, died 1724.


Apr. II. To Bar. Mountague, L^ L. Sis. R.

,, 13. D"^ Brydges pr^ at S' James's; where y'= young princesses

not waited on, by y^ B'' of N's withdrawing.
„ 16. m. At Ld O'^ Library, d. w"' me M' Greensh^s w"^ W™.

p.m. at y* Glassworks &c. at Fox-hall.
„ 17. Easter-day. I pr^ at Lambeth, p.m. w"' y® AB. of C'^
May 13. p.m. At Cupid's Garden. Ev. B^s-
Aug. I. King's Accession. Church & Court.

Sep. 9. 10. II. 12. 13. In y" stage-Coach (w'h B"" Benson f Cap'^
Du-Mar and Talbot) to York.
„ 18. I preach'd in ye morning & M"' Benson in ye Afternoon,
d. B"- B's.
Oct. T. By Ribton to Whitehaven, in great crowds.

,, 2. Consecration of y^ new Church. M'' B. preach'd in y*=

Forenoon, & I in y'= Afternoon.
„ 4. To meet L^ Lonsdale (& Dep'^ Lieu*^) at Penrith.

There is not much about the 1715 Rebellion ; but it is
curious to observe how quietly the ordinary life was going
on so few miles away from the march of the rebel forces.

Oct. 5. Gen' Quarter- Sessions began and ended. I took y« Test

„ 6. After dinner, w'^ ye Justices, at M"^ H. Simpson's, home.

,, 8. m. Ch. Tullie (in 's way to Crosthw') w"' news fro Nor-

,, 10. To Carlile d. w"^ Brig"" Stanwix. Even'. Deanry. B' Cat-
hie's Alarm.

,, II. Court at Walby. Home p.m.

,, 12. m. M'' Xtian, & my B''to ye Court at Dalston. G. Lowther.

„ 13. m. Dau. Betty, to York. d. No Company. Even'. B.

„ 14. m. w"' S' Ch. Dalston &c. to Penrith, d. w'h Ld Lonsdale &c.

,, 15. After Breakfast w*'' M'' H. Simpson by Hutton, home.

* Beccafico, figpecker, is a name given in Italy to a small bird much esteemed
for eating, identified with the English Blackcap. Possibly the word is em-
ployed here to designate " dependents," but I can find no authority for such an
use of it. Can the Bishop have connected the word with " sycophant " ?

f Whom does the Bishop mean by " Brother Benson " ? Is it his son-in-law,
regarded from the point of view of his children, and as he speaks of " Cousin
Rothery " ? Or is it the Mr. Benson of Kendal, father of his son-in-law ? 1 in-
cline to think that he means the father : he more often calls his son-in-law " Mr.
Benson," as on Sept. i8th.


Oct. i6. I preach'd & administer'd y'= Sacram' at Dalston. S' CD.
„ 17. d. L^^ Lonsdale, in his way (w''^ y« CiianC) to Carlile.
,, 18. I read ye 2^ Service in the Cathedral ; and din'd (vv"" Ld L.

& y^ popish prisoners) at the Governour's.* Betty to York.
„ 21. Horse muster'd at Dalston. d. No Company.
„ 22. No Company. Rainy day.

„ 24. Carlile, at y<= Brig'^"' Court-Leet. Even'. Dalston-Hall.
„ 27. Even'. M'' Brisco and 's Lady, fro High-head. Rebels

„ 28. With M"^ R. Thomlinson jun'' &c. Killing a brace of Hares.
,, 29. m. M"^ T. Crosby, p.m. Good News. |
Nov, I. m. B"^ Nev'. & M'' Benson to Carlile. d. M' Sumpton.

The Rebels march'd from Lang-Town to Brampton.
„ 2. I was eye-witness of our Posse's Flight, and y'^ Rebels

marching into Penrith. §
„ 3. d. M' R. Thomlinson. p.m. AP' Brisco, safely escap'd.
„ 4. d. M"^ Fletcher, fro L^ Lons^. Gen. Carpenter's Letter &c.
,, 6. NP B. preach'd on Luc. g. 5, 6. ag' y® Spirit of Rebellion.
„ 7. d. IvP Bolton. Even'. S'' Cha. Dalston, Cap' Phillips &c.
„ 8. Daughters at Dalston-Hall. p.m. Express fro L'' Burlington.

* In the Bishop's mind and language " Popish " was practically equivalent to
" Jacobite," a word which he does not often use. " In 1715, the Jacobite rising
found no supporters in Cumberland. The Government, at an early stage, took
the precaution of locking up in Carlisle Castle all the likely Jacobite leaders,
such as Howard of Corby, Warwick of Warwick Hall, and Curwen of Working-
ton." " At that time the offices at Carlisle of Mayor and Governor were held
by one and the same person, the representative of an old local family, and one
of the great Marlborough's most trusted subordinates, Brigadier Thomas Stan-
wix." — Ferguson's History 0/ Cumberland.

t In the British IMuseum there is a collection of letters (Add. MSS. 61 16) from
Bishop Nicolson to Archbishop Wake. Twenty-one of these, chiefly on the
rebellion of 1715, are printed in Sir Henry Ellis' collection of original letters,
ist series iii, 157-396 ; most of these however were written in the year 1716, and
are concerned with the subsequent treatment of the rebel prisoners at Carlisle.

I " The rebels had fully purpo.sed (as they acknowledged at Penrith) to have
given me a visit, and to that end hovered a whole day on the banks of the Eden,
five miles below Carlisle. But as providence ordered the matter, the rains had
so swelled the v^'aters there, that they were not fordable. This preserved my
beef and mutton for the present. They sent me word that these provisions were
only kept in store for the Earl of Mar : who they said would assuredly be with
me in ten days time."— Letter to Archbishop Wake, dated Nov. 14, 1715. (Brit.
Mus. Add. MSS. 61 16).

§ " From Brampton the Jacobites marched to Penrith Fell, where the posse
coviitattis to the number of 4,000 men, or some say 10,000, or even 14,000, armed
with guns, scythes and pitchforks, awaited them under Viscount Lonsdale and
Bishop Nicolson, who was on the field in his coach and six. So soon as the
Highlanders appeared, the posse comitatus went away ; in plain words, they
skedaddled, leaving the two commanders and a few of their servants. Lord
Lonsdale presently galloped off to Appleby, and the Bishop's coachman, whipp-
ing up his horses, carried off his master, Ti'illy nilly, to Rose Castle. It is said
the prelate lost his wig, while shouting from the carriage window to his coach-
man to stop." — Ferguson's History of Cximbcrland.


6 BISHOP nicolson's diaries.

Nov. 9. At Carlile w*^^ y^ Brig' & M'' Brougham, continueing y^

„ 10. d. Lady Dalston & M's Mary Philips, ye AD. & M"" Xrson.
,, II. p.m. M' Rumney, wth notice of the Scots deserting.
,, 12. M"^ B. & dau. at Carlisle. No Company.
„ 13. M"' B. preach'd on Luc. 16, 31. Moses & ye prophets.
„ 14. No Company, p.m. Good News from Preston.
,, 15. d. M"^ Ch'' Tullie. Second Express, on ye Defeat of y^

,, 16. No Company. Three years since y*' death of m}' dear Wife.
,, 17. m. M' Rook, \v'^' Scotch News. Afternoon, Two Expresses.
,, 18. No Company. Even'. Rich^ Fisher, paying for his Hides.
,, 19. At Carlile, makeing Return to y"^ Letter from y^ Council ;

but (chiefly) disbanding our Militia, and Rejoyceing, on the

good news fro Stirling.
,, 20. M"" B. preach'd ye 2^ part of his last Sunday's &c.
,, 23. d. Onely M"" Fryer, painter : M' B. with the D. & Chapter.
,, 24. No Company. My B'' and Cons. Rothery w"> y^ Chapter.
,, 27. I preach'd my Turn (i. S. in Advent) at Carlile; and

treated y^ D. and Ch. at dinner.
,, 28. The Justices of peace met in ye Moot- Hall, tendering y

Oaths to Papists &c.
„ 29. I din'd w'h ye D. & Chapter & return'd to Rose in y" Even'.
Dec. 3. d. M'' S' Green, p.m. Cous. Rothery went to Bromfield.
,, 6. d. No Company. Even'. Sis'' Carlile, w"'out her Spouse

he attending the Dragoons.
„ 7. d. M'' Cock and M'' Walker. Picture finish'd by M"" Fryer.
„ 12. p.m. M'' Hanson, admonish'd to reside (and teach School)

at Sonlby.
,, 17. m. D' T. to Penrith. The AD. and I to Carlile, to sign

the Return of our Non-Jurors.

For the year 1716 no diary is preserved. To this year
belong several interesting letters to Archbishop Wake
(Brit. Mus. Add. MSS. 6116). Thus on Sep. 13th, 1716,
Bishop Nicolson wrote concerning the prisoners from the
1715 rebellion : —

I heartily wish that we may ha\e a Gaol-Delivery here as soon as
possible. Not that I have any jealousy that the Prisoners are like
to make their escape, but because I apprehend that (if Justice be
not executed speedily) many of them will leave the world in a less
exemplary way than they ought to do. The Castle (where they are
lodg'd) is a moist & unwholesome Place) ; and our Garrison is so


thin, that the Commandant is forc'd, for security, to crowd them all
into three Rooms. There the greatest part of them sleep upon bare
Straw. For tho' they are generally desirous and sufficiently able to

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