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Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archæol.

Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society (Volume vol 8 no 1) online

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not to have been issued to the commissioners before June
10, the date of the instructions.

The inventory and instructions, originally separate docu-
ments, have been joined together in the Record Office, but
in the wrong order, the inventory being placed first, and
numbered as if preceding the instructions in point of time;
an arrangement probably due to mistaking the date of the
commission for that of the inventory. Reverting, then,
to the right order, let us first take the instructions.

The official reference is : " Exch. Q. R. Church Goods.
s\ 6 Edward VI."

Instructions gyven by the Kings
Matie to his right trustie and
right entierly beloued cousin and
counsellour the Duke of Northumbland
and to the rest of his highnes
commissioners appointed for the survey
of churche goods w th in his mat s countie
of Cumbreland the x t of June an 1552
in the sixt yere of his highnes
reigne.
EDWARD.*

Impmis upon the receipt of the commission by any one
of the same comissioners he that so shall first
receyve the commission shall furthew" 1 w th all
convenyent spede give knowledge to the rest



* The King's signature.



appoynted



l88 CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.

appoynted in the same commission and w th them shall
pcede to mete and assemble w' 1 ' that spede they
can for ^execution of the same comission and
instructions.

Item If any of the said commissioners shalbe
so syck or otherwise be so absent out of the
countie for the service of the king that he cannot
wth spede attend the same in that cace the rest
of the said commissioners so that they be to the
nombre appoynted by the commission shall not make
any delaye from the pceding in the same but shall
fitrthezi> th allott ther sittings assembles and metings
for the same commission as in like caces hath been
formeAe mete to be used.

Item for the better and more certain pceding the
said commissioners shall in such caces where none
of the commissioners be custos rotulorum of that countie
or hathe been syns the begynning of o r reigne comaund
whoever be custos Rotulorum or their deputie or the
clerke of the peax of those pties to bring or send unto
them such books Registers and Inventories as hathe
heretofore any wise come to ther hands by indenture
touching the somms nombre and valo r of any goodes
plate juells vestymenis belles and other ornaments of
churches chappells and fraternities And the said
Commissioners shall separately enquire in each
dyocesse* wherin the same remayn of the busshoppes
chauncello rs commissaries of the said dyocesses
in whose hands or custody any suche books Inven
taries and Registers have remayned and
of them they shall receive the said books
Registers and Inventories And the saide
Commissioners shall compare them together
that is to saye as well such as are in thandes of
the custos Rotulorum or his deputie or the clerke
of the peax as of the bushoppes and ther ecclesiastical
officers and according to the best rechest and greatest
Inventory the said commissioners shall pcede to
make their survey and enquiry and by the same
make the serches of the defaultes and wastes



* Part of the county of Cumberland was at that time in the diocese of Chester.

that



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND. 189

that shalbe found And generally the said comissioners
shall not only by the veue of the said Registers
and Inventories but also by any other meanes
they can better devise pcede to the better suvche and
inquisition of the wante and defaults of any part of
the said goods plate jewills vestements belles or other
ornaments.

Item for the more spedy ohteinyng the said
Inventories the said commissioners shall have Ires
of commaundement from o r prevey counsell to thintent
therof w ch Ires the said commissioners shall use as
they shall se occasion.

Item the said commissioners shall upon survey so
taken cause due inventaries to be made and
Indented of all maner of goods plate jewills which
as yet be remayning or anywise fitrthecumyng
belonging to any churches chap pells and fraternities
and thone pte of the same they shall delyver
to o r pryvey counsell & thother to those in whose
hands the said goods plate Jewells and ornaments
shall remayne to be kepte safely unspoiled
they shall also gyve good charge and order that
the same goods and every pte therof be at all
tymes /wrthecummyng to be aunswered leving nevir
the less in every pishe churche or chappell of common
resorte two or more challesses or cupps according
to the ;;m/titude of the people in every such churche
or chappell and also such other ornaments as by
titer discretions shall seme requisite for the devyne
servyce in every suche place for the tyme.
Item because we be informed that in many places
great quantities of the said plate iewells belles
and ornaments be embecilled by certain pryvate
men contrary to our express comaundement in that
behalfe the said comissioners shall substantially
and justly enquire and attayne the knowledge therof
by whose defaulte the same is and hath been and
unto whose hands any parte of the same is comm
And on that point the said commissioners shall have'
comaimd that they atteyne the certain names and
dwellyng places of every parson and psons that
hathe allienated embecelled taken or caried
away of such also as hath conceiled advised and

caused



I90 CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.

caused any parte of the said goods plate Jewells

belles vestyments and ornaments to be taken or

caried away or otherwise embeseled And thies

psons they shall as certainly and duely as they

can cause to be serched and understand.

Item on full serche and enquiry wherof the saide

cowz'ssioners foure or thre of them shall cause to

appere before them all suche psons by whome

any the said goods plate jewills belles ornaments

and other the premisses have been allyenated

embes.iled or taken away or by whose meanes

or agrement the same or any parte thereof hath

been attempted or to whose hands or use any

pte of the same or any pffitt for the same hath growen

and ivth such good meanes as to their discretions

shall seeme best cause them to redelyver into

the said commissioners handes the said goods plate

Jewells belles and other ornaments by them allyenated

or the true and iuste valor thereof certyfying to

o r pryvey counsell the names of all who refuse

to stand to or obey the comaundement for the

redelyvery and restitucion of the same or the iuste

valo r therof to thintent the commissioners be obeyed

shall require every maner of ayde to be given to ther

doinge in this behalf.

ffynally o r pleas r is that the said commissioners

in all ther doings shall use suche sober and

discrete maner of pceding as thejfecte of this

commission may goo forward wih as much quyet

and as title occasion of trouble or disquyet of the

multitude as may be using' to that ende sudie

wise pswasion in all places of ther sessions as in

respect of the place and disposition of the people

may seme to their wisdo;» moste expedyent

gyving also good and substantial order for the

staye of thinordynate and greedy covetuousness oj

suche disordered people as have or shall goo aboute

the allyenating of any the premises so as

according to reason and order such as have or

shall contemptuously offende in this behalf may

receive reformacions as for the qualytie of ther

doings shalbe requisite.



The



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND. igi

The MS. of the inventory, which consists of twenty
pages, is in two different handwritings. The first goes
down to the end of the word " bells " in the entry of
the church of " Orton ". The second, in which the rest
of the MS. is written, is the clearer and better of the two.

The county of Cumberland was anciently divided into
wards, so called " from the watchings and wardings that
were necessary against the neighbouring incursions" (Burn
& Nicolson, ii., 3) ; and it is evident that in the inventory
the churches are arranged in their respective wards, which
in 1552 were five in number, viz. : Cumberland, Leath,
Eskdale, Allerdale above Derwent, and Allerdale below
Derwent. The Leath ward entries, however, are divided
into two parts, which are separated by Eskdale and the
two Allerdales. This arrangement enables us, from in-
ternal evidence supplied by some of the items, to identify
a few of the churches the names of which have been torn
off from the original MS.

All the words printed in italics are conjecturally supplied.
But no conjecture has been hazarded, the correctness of
which is not almost self-evident.

The Roman numerals, indicating the pages of the in-
ventory, do not occur in the MS.

To any one acquainted with the inventories of other
counties the following will seem a very meagre catalogue
of church goods. But it is to be borne in mind that,
before the reign of James I., Cumberland was subject to
continual incursions of the Scotch, who did not spare the
churches. Hence, as we might expect, the parishes
nearest the border will be seen to have been remarkable,
even in Cumberland, for the poverty of their church
furniture.

In copying the inventory at the Record Office I was
materially assisted by a transcript of it, made by Mr.
Robert Bridges, of Yattendon, who had left me little to
do but to restore the original spelling, which had not

been



I92 CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.

been required for the purpose for which his transcript
was made.

I have also to thank Mr. Joseph Bain, F.S.A. (Scot.),
who has kindly revised the proofs both of the Instructions
and Inventory, collating them with the original MS.

The official reference is: "Exch. Q. R. Church Goods.
B V Edward VI.".

I

A just vcue and pfyt inventorye of all the guds

plate juelh bellis vestiments and other ornaments

within every prche churche chapell brotherheid gyld

or fratemitie in the countie of Cumbrel d maide by S r Thomas

Dacre* S>' Rd A/usgrave Knights Willm Pykerynge Thomas

Salkeld Robert Lamplughe Anthony Barwis Esquiers



* Sir Thomas Dacre, of Lanercost, commonly called Dacre the Bastard, was
a son of Thomas Lord Dacre and Ann Hewitt. The Priory of Lanercost and
the lands adjacent were granted to him by Henry VIII, in 1543, in consideration
of his " true and faithful services." He converted the Priory House into his
residence, but at the death of his descendant, James Dacre, without male issue,
in 1716, the estate reverted to the Crown, though other estates granted by Ed-
ward VI., passed to the heir general, Joseph Dacre Appleby, whose descendants
assumed the name of Dacre. Sir Thomas was sheriff of Cumberland in the first
of Queen Elizabeth, as 'Tho' Dacre sen' miles.' His arms, of eight quarterings,
are in the east window of Lanercost. It is singular that he assumes the arms
belonging to his legitimate half-brother, Lord William Dacre, having the Greystoke
quarterings brought in by Lord William's mother, Lady Elizabeth de Greystoke;
but he adds, over all, the bend sinister. It is evident he had a regular position in
the family, and I fancy his father and mother were handfasted, according to an old
northern custom, before Lord Thomas, Dacre married Lady Elizabeth. [See
these Transactions, vol. i. pp. 114, 1155 vol. iv. p. 50S; vol. vii. pp. 223, 224].

Sir Richard Musgrave, of Edenhall, came of age 1546, and died 1555. He
married Anne, daughter of the first Lord Wharton.

William PlCKERlNGE, possibly William Pickering, fourth son of Sir James
Pickering of Killington. William Pickering married Winifred, one of the three
daughters and coheiresses of Sir Lancelot Threlkeld, of Threlkeld, by his wife, the
Baroness Vescy, widow of John, Lord Clifford. His elder brother, James, married
Elizabeth, another of the heiresses, and had a son, William Pickering, who in
23 Henry VIII., was an arbitrator, together with Thomas Dudley, of Yanwith, and
Christopher Threlkeld, of Melmerby, between Guy and Hugh Machel, of Cracken-
thorp. From this we may imagine him to have been a lawyer, and more likely
than his uncle to have been one of the commissioners of Edward VI. [See Burn and
Nicolson, Pickering of Killington, and Pickering of Crosby Ravensworth, vol. i.
pp. 261, 498,506].

Robert Lamhlughe probably is " Robert Lamplaugh ar " sheriff of Cumber-
land, 37 Henry viii, but I can't identify him further.

ANTHONY BARWIS would be one of the family of Barwis of Ilekirk, but origi-
nally of Dearham.

Thomas Salkeld would be "Tho Salkeld ar." sheriff in 35 Henry viii,
probably of Corby. — R.S.F.

Auctorisid



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.



193



Auctorisid by the Kyngs ma t3 commission heronto
datid the vi th day of May in the sext yeirof his maties
reign



Cumberland Ward*



Impmis the challes of sylver

Itm iiij vestments w th the ornaments theronto

Itm ij cowpps one masse buke

Itm iiij lynne alter clothez ij cruetts of tyne

Itm one cannupe one pyke of copre and gylte

Itm one small bell one pair of censurs

Impmis the challes of sylver iiij tunaclez of sylke
Itm iiij vestements w th all ornaments pteyn ye same
Itm sex alterclothez and one corporaxe & vj vestments
Itm twoo bellez in the churche & ij small bells

Impmis one tyn challez iij vestyments
Itm alterclothez one bell

II

burghe by Impmis two sylver challeses
sands Itm iij vestments

bownes Impmis one sylver chal/es

Itm two gret bells

orton Impmis one challes of sylver

Itm ij bells one hand bell iiij aXterclothes
Itm ij candlestiks of brasse one cope

bantonj Itm iij vestements a chales of tyn

thurisbie Itm one chalas of silv r ij vestements

Itm ij litill belles ij candilstiks of
ij towells

bemondJ Itm one silv r chales ij vestements

litill belles ij candilstiks of brasse

dalston Itm thre chalessez of silv r

ij tunycles one cope of satto;;
ij pich belles one hand bell



* The missing- names of churches in this ward are Carlisle Cathedral, St.
Cuthbert's (Carlisle), Aikton, KirUbride, Rocliffe, Warwick, Wig-ton, Wetheral,
and either Grinsdale or Sebergham.

+ KlRKBAMPTON.

X Beaumont; still pronounced as spelt above.

Carlisle



194



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.



Ill

Carlisle* Itm too chalessez of silv 1 xij copis sum

cathedral sum grene liij vestements w th all of

gere therto fowre gret belles iij lytill

belles one pare of sencers

Itm one chalas of silv r w th vestements
and all pteyning to theyme ij alter clothes

towells one surpcloth ij prche belles

litil belles

Itm one chalas of silv 1 iij vestements
one cope one surpcloth ij towells ij
prche belles ij small belles

Itm one chalas of silv r one vestement
one bell

Itm one chalas of silv r ij vestements
one of silke another of bustenyg ij
prche belles ij lytill belles ij alter clothes
towells one surpcloth

Itm one chalas of silv r ij vestements w th
albcs ij alter clothes one cope one cross of
hitten a pare of censeurs ij prche belles ij
litil\ belles a holv watter fat of Leid



Leath Wavd\



IV



SKELTON



CASTIL
SOWERBYE



EDYNHALL



Itm one chalas of
one altercloth one
ij candilstiks of
sencers ij prch belles

Itm one chales of silv*"
gere pteyning to the same
prche belles ij litill belles
alter clothes

Itm one chales of silv r ij
gere pteyning to the same
ij litill belles one cope ij
towells



* For assigning- this entry to the cathedral see reason given in the paper on
" The Bells of Carlisle Cathedral " {ante p. 140).

t The Leath Ward entries occupy pp. iv., v., and are continued on pp. xvii.,
xviii., xix. Missing names in this ward : — Ainstable, Alston, Culgaith, Dacre,
Greystoke, Great Salkeld, Hesket-in-the-Forest, Kirkland, Langwathby, Mun-
grisdale, Newton Reigny, Penrith, Renwick, Threlkeld, and Watermillock.

Ullisbie



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND. I95

ullisbie* Itm one chales of silv r iij vestements

one cope ij prche belles iij
one surpecloth iiij towells

addingham Itm one chales of silv 1 '
iij albes ij prche belles
iiij alter clothes one
of sencers

V

Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements ij cops
alter clothes of lyn ij prche belles ij litill belles
one surpcloth

Itm one cliales of tyn ij vestements ij alter clothes
surpclothes of lyn cloth

Itm one chales of silv r one vestement ij alter clothez

Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements ij prche belles ij
lytiW belles one lyn towell

Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements ij prche belles
one hand bell

Itm one chales of silv r iij vestements vj alter clothes
towells ij belles

Itm one chales of tyn ij vestements ij alter clothes
belles

Itm c/talesses of silv 1 ' iiij vestements of silke iiij of
one cope of silk ij prch belles one hand bell

Eskdale Wardf VI

stappleton Itm one chales of tyn one vestement

arthured Itm one chales of tyn one vesteme;^

cumwhitton Itm one chales of silvr ij vestements

one surpecloth ij prch belles one towell

scailbye Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements ij

ij belles



* Ousby : — The name of this parish is variously spelt : " Ulnesbie " on the
communion cup ; " Ulvesby " by Burn and Nicolson. Denton in his MS. says : —
"The proper name is Ulfsby, habitatio Ulfi filii Olavi Dani."

f Missing names in Eskdale Ward : — Bewcastle, Castle Carrock, Crosby-on-
Eden, Hayton, Kirklinton, Lanercost, Stanwix, and Walton.

CUMREW



196



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.



Itm one chalez of silv r one vestement
ij belles one litill bell

Itm one chales of silv r sex vestements
alter clothes ij prch belles one hand bell
surpcloth one silv r pix

Itm one chales ot silv r ij belles one
ij alter clothes one surpcloth one

Itm one chales of tyn ij a\terc\othes



CUMREW



BRANTON



FARLAM

NETHER I
DENTON \

ethryngton Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements
ij litill belles

VII

Itm one chales of tyn one vestement ij alter clothes
bell

Itm one chales of silv r one vestement one litill bell

Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements ij prch belles
litill belles

Itm one chales of silv r one vestement ij prch belles
one litill bell

Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements ij prche belles
one liti\l bell one surpcloth ij albes
one pare of sencers of brass

Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements ij prch belles
one litill bell one surpcloth

Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements a gret bell j small
bell toweWs

Itm one cope of satten iiij vestments ij pixes ij prche
belles one //till bell / one chales of silv r



Above Derwentf



VIII



wabarthwait Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements
one litill bell

bothell Itm one chales of silv r a cope

ij candilstiks ij prch belles on?
belles iiij alter clothes a towell



f Missing names in Allcrdale-above-Derwent ward : — St. Bride's Beckermet
Dean, Drigg, Gosforth, Hale, Harrington, Irton, Lamplugh, Millom, Muncaster
Ponsonby, and Workington.

NETHER



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.



197



Itm one chales of silv r ij belles
ij alter clothes ij towells

Itm iij vestements iiij alter clothes
one canabie

Itm one chales of silv r one cope
ij litill belles ij vestements

Itm two chalessez of silv r
belles iiij vestements ii copis
iij towells one pare of sencers



wasdaillhed Itm one vestement one cha^s of
prch bell one litill bell



NETHER
WASDAILL

ESHEDAILL*



WHITBEK



WHITCHAM



CORNAY



Itm one chales of silv 1 ' ij copis

ij vestements ij prch belles ij litill belles

one santus bell



IX

Itm one gilt chales of silv r ij copis vj
vestements iij surpclothes ij alter clothes
belles iij litill belles

Itm chalassez iij vestements ij prche
belles litill belles

Itm one chales of silv r iij vestements
a/terclothes ij prche belles v litill belles

Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements

alterclothes ij prche belles one santus
bell

Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements

alterclothes ij prche belles one santus
bell ij litill belles

Itm one chales of silv r ij prche belles

vestements one surpclothe one alter clothe
one Lowell



X



sant jONsf Itm one chales of silv r

ij prche belles iij alter clothes



* Eskdale.

f St. John's Beckermet.



Benghame



198



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.



benohame* Itmone chales of silvr
vestements ij tunycles ij
iij prche belles one santus bell

lovviswattek Itm one chales of silv r ij vestements
ij prche belles iij litill belles
iij alterclothes



LORTON



CHAPLE OF
VVEDOPEf

EMLETON



Itm two chalessez of silv 1 vj vestements
one cope one surpclothe ij prche belles
lytill belles ij candiistiks of brasse
crose of brasse ij alterclothes

Itm one chales of silv r one vestement
one bell one alter clothe

Itm one chales of silv r ij
ij belles ij litill belles one
one pare of sencers one pix

XI

Itm chalessez of silv r vi vestements

tunides ij grene copis vi alter clothes
one s/trpclothe one Ratchat ij candiistiks of
brasse one pare of sencers iij prche belles
one santus bell

Itm one chales of silv 1 ' ij vestements one

tunycles iij alterclothes one pix of tyn
pare of sencers of brass ij candiistiks of
brasse ij prche belles one surpclothe

Itm one chales of silv r iij vestements iij albes

copis ij prche belles ij litill belles one surpclothe

Itm one chales of silv r iij vestements iij albes
one cope ij prche belles ij hand belles

Itm ij chalesses of silv r one vestement of
velvat one of scarlet one of Dammaske
one silk vestement one say vestement one
scarlet cope one white silke cope iij albes
belles

Itm one chales of silv r one vestement one albe
belles



* Brigham.
f Wythop.



DISTINGTON



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.



199



DISTINGTON



MORSBIE



SANT BEES



ARLEDON



CLETOR



EGREMONT



XII

Itm one chales of silv 1 ' ij vestements
rede and grene ij albes ij prch belles
ij litill belles one surpclothe

Itm one chales of silv iij vestements
iiij alterclothes one towell ij prch belles
ij hand belles one pare of sencers

Itm ij chalessez of silv 1 " iij prch belles
ij hand belles iij Ratchetts vj vestements
vj banners vij copis iij tunycles ij
candilstiks

Itm one chales of silv 1 ' ij vestements
albes one cope of satten ij prch belles
ij alterclothes

Itm one chales of silv r iij vestenvn^
iij alterclothes ij prche belles

Itm ij chalassez of silv r iij vestements
ij tunycles ij alterclothes ij prche belles
hand belles ij candilstiks of brasse ij



Below Derwent*



XIII



Itm one chales ot silv r iij vestements

s iij alter clothes ij prche belles
one santus bell a pare of sencers

Itm one chales of'silv r ij vestements
albes ij prch t belles one santus bell
alter clothes one towell

Itm thre chalessez of silv r iiij vestements

tunycles one cope iij towells iiij alter clothes
prche belles iij hand belles one pare of sencers

Itm ij chalassez of silv r ix vestements vj
albes iiij alterclothes iiij towells ij prche belles
hand belles one pare of brase sencers ij copis

Itm one chalas of silv r one vestement of blak
ve\vsd one of Rede say ij prche belles ij hand
belles ij candilstiks of latten



* Missing name> in Atlerdale-below-Derwent Ward :— Aspatria, All-Hallows,
Bassenthwaite, Bromfield, Caldbeck, Crosthwaite, Gilcrux, Ireby, Torpenhow,
Uldale, and Westward.

Itm



200



CHURCH GOODS IN CUMBERLAND.



Itni one chales of silv r one vestemement
o/rremysyng velvat ten other vestements
albes one cope of Rede one surpclothe
/>rche belles one santus bell ij hand belles

XIV



BOLTON



PLl'MLAND



CAMMRTON



CROSCAMONBY



DERHOME



Itm ij chalesses of silv'
of grene satten one alter clothe
iij albes one cope of
Santus bell iij litill belles
of latten

Itm one chalas of silv r viij vestements
ij albes iiij alterclothes one fat
candilstiks of latten ij prcli belles
litill belles one pix of lattett

Itm one chales of silv 1 ' ij vestements
ij alter clothes one cope of silke
belles ij hand belles one surpclothe

Itm one chales of silv 1 " ij vestements
one cope one surpclothe ij prcli belles
ij litill belles

Itm one chales of silz/
one cope one surpclothe
ij litill belles



XV

Itm one chales of silv 1 " ij vestements
one old cope one surpcloth ij prche belles
litill belles iiij alterclothes

Crosthwaite* Itm thre chalessez of silv r / at the chapells
ij chalessez of silv r belongyng to the said
church / iij vestements of velvat iiij vestements
of whit silk iij alter clothes iij prche belles
iij litill belles iiij candilstiks of brasse iiij
old copis of Dammaske

Itm ij silv chalesses ij vestements of
Rede satten one of white satten one of
Rede Dammaske one cope ij prche

belles ij litill belles



* Identified by the " chapells ", which must be Wythburn and St. |ohn's-in-the-
Vale in Crosthwaite parish below Derwent. The three other Crosthwaite chapelries,


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Online LibraryCumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and ArchæolTransactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society (Volume vol 8 no 1) → online text (page 16 of 18)