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Sunday, May 31. — Baccalaureate Sermon by Rev. Ira Landritb, Nash-
ville, Tenn.

Sunday Evening. — Address to the Theological students by Rev. M. B.
DeWitt, D.D., Springfield, Mo.

Monday, June 1. — Theological Class Day.

Monday Afternoon. — Exercises of the Law Class.

Monday P^vening. — Entertainment bv Annex Pupils.

Tuesday, June 2 — College Class Day.

Tuesday Afternoon.— Exercises of Law Class.

Tuesday Evening. — Entertainment by Annex Pupils.

"Wednesday, June 3. — Law Class Day.

Wednesday Evening.— Reception to tlie Graduates at the residence of
Chancellor X. Green.

Tuursday, June 4. — Commencement Day. Conferring of Degrees by the
Chancellor. Addresses to the Graduates by Lieut. Charles Gerhardt, Hon.
B. J. Tarver, Rev. J. M. Huljbert. and Dr. R. V. Foster.

CALENDAR, 1806-07

September 7, 189S First Session Begins.

October 7, 1890 Theological School opens.

November 26, ISitb Thanksgiving Day.

December 24, 1896 Christmas Holida\-s Begin.

December 30, 1896 Christmas Holidays end.

January 20, 1897 Intermediate Law Commencement.

January 22, 1897 First Term ends.

January 25, 1897 Second Term begins.

May 12, 1897 Close of the Theological School.

May 30, 1897 Baccalaureate Sunday.

Ju'e 3, 1897 Commencement Day.


Dr. a. F. CLAYWELL, Secretary.
EDWARD E. BEARD, ESQ., Treasurer.
Hon. W. R. SHAVER.

HUGH W. McDONNOLD, University Treasurer.
Rev. E. J. McCROSKEY, Financial Agent.



Chancellor and Professor of Law.


Dean of the Engineering Faculty, Professor of Applied Mathematics and Civil Eugineeriiig.


Professor of Latin and Greek.


Dean of the College Faculty, Professor of Chemistry, Geology, andlMiiieralogy.

Professor of Natural Science.

Systematic Theology and English Bible Exegesis.


Professor of Philosophy.


Professor of Law.


Missions and Apologetics.


Dean of the Theological Faculty, Professor of Practical Theology.


Professor of Pare Mathematics.


New Testament Crreek and Interpretation, and Librarian.


Professor of English Language and Literature.


Assistant Professor of Latin and Greek.

Professor of Modern Languages.


Eighth United States Infantry, Professor of Military Science and Tactics.

Ecclesiastical History,
( " Murdock Professorship ")

»Rev. finis KING FARR, A.B.,

Hebrew, Old Testament Inter])retation, and Vocal ^lusie.

Lecturer on Pastoral Work.


Principal of the Preparatory School.


Teacher in Preparatory School.


Teacher in Preparatory School.

NOTE.— The work of the professorships of Natural Science and Mod-
ern Languages is at present distributed among the other members of the

* Those whose names have a star affixed have not been permanently
assigned to their chairs.

Cumberland UnivcrsitvJ,

Lebanon, T^Qnn..

General Statements.


Cumberland College was established at Princeton. Ky., in
1827. It continued in operation under the patronage of the
Genet al Assembly of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church until
1S42. In consequence of a debt which it had incurred and which
was seriously impeding its progress, the General Assembly re-
solved to withdraw its patronage and give it to Cumberland
University, which was located at Lebanon, Tenn., and was
opened in September, 1842.

The Universit}- was first chartered December 30, 1S43, and
the charter was amended at various times thereafter. The
Board of Trustees is local and self-perpetuating. The election
of new members, however, has to be confirmed b\- the General

When the war broke out in 1861, the University- was in a most
prosperous condition, the number of stuaents having reached
four hundred and eighty-one in 1S5S. During the war all that
the University- possessed, except the campus, was lost and this
was sold later. The buildings were burned, the librarj- destroyed
and the endowment scattered. The friends of the Universit}^,
however, rallied around it and it was re-opened in 1S65. Since
that time the University has been slowh-, but steadih- enlarging
its properties, increasing its faculties and improving its courses
of studv.



The departments of the University as at present organized are
as follows :

1. The Preparatory- School.

2. The Academic School with

a. Undergraduate Courses.

b. Graduates Courses.

3. The Law School.

4. The Engineering School.

5. The Theological School.

Each of these departments has a separate faculty, organiza-
tion and management, but all are under the direction of one
Board of Trustees and one Chancellor.


The work on the new University building is progressing rap-
idly, and it is expected that a portion of it will be ready for
occupanc}' in September. The building will be used by the
Academic and the Theological Schools. It is situated on a
beautiful elevation, and in the center of a campus of some forty-
five acres of ground. This building contains more than fifty
rooms, specially designed and adapted for college and universi-
ty work. To complete and furnish the interior of the building
will require several thousand dollars. The friends of the Uni-
versity are asked to assist in this laudable enterprise.

Caruthers Hall, situated on West Main street, contains the law
lecture rooms, two society halls, the University' library and the
large auditorium for the general meetings of the students and
for university exercises.

Divinity Hall, situated further out on West Main street, con-
tains dormitories for ministerial students.

College Hall is at present occupied by the Academic Depart-
ment, but will be vacated and devoted to other uses as soon as
the new building is ready for occupancy.

The Preparatory School is on North College street, and is well
adapted to the work of this department.

Library and Reading Room.

The Universit}' Library contains nearly twelve thousanH vol-
umes. It is supplied with the leading current magazines and
reviews. It is open every da^' to all students.


Cabinet of Minei*als and Fossils.

This includes many fine specimens, and additions are con-
stantly being made. The friends of the University will confer a
great favor by sending to the Professor of Natural Science any-
thing of this kind that they can secure.

Chemical Laboratory.

The chemical department will have at its command about ten
rooms in the new University building. Besides the general lec-
ture room, there will be laboratories for qualitative, quantitative,
and organic analysis, balance room, librarj^, combustion room,
preparation room, private laboratory, and store rooms. As soon
as the Laborator}^ is ready, all students in chemistry will be re-
quired to do laboratory work.

Physical Liaboratory.

The department of physics will have an elegant suite of rooms
on the first floor of the new University building. Thej' will be
fitted up and furnished according to the latest designs.

Military Department.

The military department is under a regular army officer de-
tailed for this purpose. The course will contain practical drill,
especially in the infantry exercises, and theoretical instruction
in the elementary principles of war. It is open to all students
of the University, free of charge. The text-books used are Pet-
tit's " Elements of Military Science " and the " United States
Infantrj^ Drill and Regulation."

• Each student of the Academic School, not physically dis-
qualified, wall be required to take a two years' course in this de-
partment, unless excused by vote of the faculty for good and
satisfactory reasons.

Students in the cadet company will provide themselves with
the uniform, costing about $13.00 The student should prepare
for this by bringing a smaller amount of clothing from home.
The uniform is neat and dress}^ and durable, and to wear it is a
matter of economy.

The benefits of the military drill have been well seen during
the past two years. It straightens the body, expands the lungs,
hardens the muscles, improves the health, and quickens the mind.


It trains to habits of obedience and self-control, and gives the
student needed exercise without in any waj* interfering with his
progress in his studies.


The Universit)' lays upon the student two general require-
ments. The first is embraced in the motto " Semper praesens,
semper paratusT Continued absence from class and neglect of
lessons, are offenses for which the student may be admonished
or suspended.

The second requirement is that he shall deport himself as a
good citizen and a gentleman. In definition of this requirement,
the Trustees, by special action, have declared the following as
special offenses for which the student may be indefinitely sus-
pended : "Intoxication, gambling, visiting drinking and gam-
bling houses, acting riotously on the streets, and disturbing, by
unseemly conduct, religious, literar}' or educational meetings of
citizens or students."


lyebanori is well supplied with churches and Sunday schools,
and all suitable means are used to induce students to attend
them regularly.

Young- Men's Christian Association.

There is a live College Association, and it is a means of great
good to the students of all departments of the University.


Connected with the University are three literary societies :

The Philomathean Society. — This society was organized
in 1S54. Motto: '' Nihil Sine Lahore A

The Heurethelian Society. — This society was organized
in 1854. Motto: '"'' FvCudt zov (dtov. fvMlIc ataozovA

The Caruthers Society. — This society was organized in
1890. Motto: " Esse Oiiam llderi Jl/a/iviy

These societies all have commodious and well furnished halls,
and hold their meetings e\-ery vSaturday evening during the
scholastic year. They also give public exhibitions from time to
time in Caruthers Hall.


Athletic Association.

The northwestern portion of the new Universit}^ campus has
been converted into a beautiful athletic field. Here athletic
sports will be systematically carried on daily. There will be a
Field Day in May of each year for prize contests, in which other
colleges are invited to participate.


Boarding is quite cheap in Lebanon. The prices range from
$3.00 to $4.50 a week. Students are received into the best fami-
lies, and are thus brought under the moral and refining influ-
ences of society. There is a club at Divinity Hall for ministerial
students in which the expense is reduced to about $8.00 a month.


At least one year of resident study is necessary for the ac-
quirement of a degree, and the candidate must be present on
Commencement Day. The diploma fee of five dollars must be
deposited with the treasurer at the beginning of the student's
last term. If for any cause the degree should not be conferred
this fee will be refunded.

The degrees conferred by the University are as follows:

r. ( Bachelor of Arts, A.B.

1. Collegiate | Bachelor of Science, B S.

TT . e.^ f Master of Arts, A.M.

2. Un.veksiti I j3^^^^^ ^^ Philosophy, Ph.D.

i Civil Engineering, C. E.

3. Professional \ Bachelor of Divinity, B.D.

( Bachelor of Laws, LL-B.


All term fees must be paid in advance. In no case whatever
shall any student be entitled to have any part thereof refunded.
In cases of protracted sickness or providential occurrences, re-
quiring long absences, the student may have credit on his fees
for another term by such an amount as may be deemed proper,
and if he cannot himself return he ma}^ transfer his right to

For amount of fees and expenses, see under the different


Cumberland University.




Xathax Greex, LL.D., Chancellor.

John I. D. Hinds, Dean, Chemistry, Natural Science, Ger-
771 an.

Andrew H. Buchanan, Mathematics, Physics, Asirono77iy.

William D. McLaughlin, Latin a2id Greek.

Edward E. Weir, Philosophy, French.

Isaac W. P. Buchanan, Pure Mathe7natics.

Benjamin S. Foster, Latin.

Lieutenant Charles Gerhardt, Military Tactics.

Cale Y. Rice, English and History.

The work in this department of the L'niversity is divided
into Collegiate or undergraduate instruction and University or
graduate instruction.


Two collegiate undergraduate courses of study are provided
— one leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and the other to
the degree of Bachelor of Science. Both offer a liberal education
in Ancient and Modern Languages, Mathematics, Science, and
Philosoph}-. The second is intended to be the exact equivalent
of the first in the amount of work required of the student and
the mental culture sriven him.



Candidates for admission to the Freshman Class should have
made special preparation and be ready for examination in the
following subjects :

1. English. — The candidate should have a thorough practical
knowledge of the elements of grammar and rhetoric, and should
have criticall}^ studied a number of works of classic English in
poetry, essay and fiction. See list below.

2. Mathematics. — He should be able to perform promptly and
rapidly all the ordinary arithmetical and algebraic operations.
He should be familiar with the short methods in arithmetic,
should deal readily with integral, fractional and negative
exponents, and should be able to use Eogarithmic tables. He
should also have the elements of plane geometry, and be famil-
iar with the metric sj^stem of weights and measures.

3. Science. — The student should have an elementary knowl-
edge of physical and political geography, physics, and human
anatomy, physiology and hygiene.

4. Language. — He should be familiar with the grammatical
forms and the principal rules of syntax of the Greek and Latin
languages, should have completed a course in prose composi-
tion, and should be able to read at sight easy Latin and Greek
prose with the help of a vocabulary of unusual words.

5. History. — He should be familiar with the leading events
of general history and the history of the United States.

The text-books in the following list, or their equivalent, will
furnish an excellent preparation for the Freshman class in Cum-
berland University.

1. English :

{a) Grammar — Any good school Grammar.

(J)) Rhetoric — Any good school Rhetoric.

(c) Literature — Tragedy, Julius Caesar ; Comedy, Merchant
of Venice ; Poetry, Longfellow's Courtship of Miles Standish,
Tennyson's Enoch Arden ; Essay, Irving's Sketch Book ; Fic-
tion Scott's Ivanhoe, Dickens' David Copperfield.

2. Mathematics :

(a) Arithmetic— Any good High School Arithmetic.
ib) Algebra — Wentworth, Wells or Olney's Complete.
{c) Plane Geometry — Chauvenet, Wentworth or Wells.


3. Science :

{a) Geography — An}- good one.
{ly) Physical Geography — Maury.
{c) Phy.sics -Gage or Avery.

id) Physiology — Martin's Human Bodj', briefer course,
Huxley and Martin's Physiology, or Walker's Physiology.

4. Language :

{a) Latin — Collar and Daniel's First Latin Book, Gate to
Caesar, Allen and Greenough's Grammar, Caesar (four books),
Virgil (four books), Composition.

{b) Greek — White's Beginner's Greek, Goodwin's Grammar,
Xenophon's Anabasis (four books). Composition.

5. History. — Anderson's or Meyer's General History, and
Montgomery's United States History.

Students entering upon the A.B. course must be prepared in
subjects I, 2, 3a, 4 and 5.

Student-s entering upon the B.S. course must be prepared on
subjects I, 2, 3, 4a and 5.

Candidates for admission to either of the higher classes must
be prepared for examination upon the course of study for all the
lower classes.

Students leaving before the end of any term will be required
to stand an examination upon the proportion of the course
which they have missed before they can enter their class again.

Admission 011 Certificates.

Students coming from preparatory schools of well known good
character, and having certificates of the completion of a course
equivalent to that required for admission to the Freshman Class,
will be received without examination.

Exauiiuatioii and Gi'adiug-.

Besides the dail}- oral examination upon assigned portions of
text, two kinds of written examinations will be held The first
will be topical, and will be held at intervals of a few weeks, at
the discretion of the professor, upon the completion of a topic
or division of a subject. The second will be final, and will be
held when the subject or book is completed. Students whose
grade in any subject, including the daily recitation and final ex-
amination is below 60, 100 being the maximum, will not pass in


this subject, and those whose average grade for the year is below
60 will not be permitted to enter the next class, except as special
students, not candidates for a degree. Students whose average
grade during the Senior year is less than 60 will not be gradu-
ated. Students may at any time submit to a second examina-
tion and reinstate themselves.


A careful record of the attendance of all students will be kept.
Absence from one tenth of the recitations in any subject will
debar the student from passing in that subject, unless he shall
privately make up these lessons. All this applies to those who
enter late as well as to those who are absent during the term or
leave before the close.


The Sophomore Scholarship founded by the faculty is awarded
at commencement to some member of the Freshman Class who
may need assistance whose average grade for the year is not be-
low 85. It entitles the holder to free tuition during the Sopho-
more year, but he must pay the other fees.

The Senior Class of 1895 started the endowment of a Senior
Class Scholarship, to be awarded as above to a member of the
Junior Class. The holder of the scholarship will get the benefit
of the interest on the fund in hand whatever that may be.

The attention of the friends of the University is earnestly
called to the importance of endowing scholarship and fellow-


The following is a detailed statement of the courses of instruc-
tion offered to students of the University :

1.— English and History.

1. History:

Epochal study of Ancient, Medieval and Modern History.

2. English Language and Literature :

(a) Rhetoric — Lectures on Rhetorical Forms, General Charac-
teristics of Style and Eloquence ; Invention.


[b) English Literature — Beginning with the formative periods
of the English Language and Literature, and extending
to the present time.

(f) American Literature.

(i/) Anglo-Saxon and Middle English.

(<f) History of the English Language.

(/) The English Bible.

Text-Books — For Freshman Class : Emerton's or Duray's
Middle Ages, Meyer's Eastern Nations and Greece, Genung's
Rhetoric, the English Bible, and Skinner's Readings in Folk

For Sophomore Class : Minto's Manual of English Prose,
Garnett's English Prose, Tha\-er's Best Elizabethan Plaj's,
Hale's Longer English Poems, Baldwin's Familiar Allegories,
Shakespeare's Plays.

For Junior Class: Sweet's Anglo-Saxon Primer, Old and
Middle English Classics.

For Senior Class : Poems of Longfellow, Lowell and Bryant.
Prose masterpieces of Emerson, Hawthorne, Holmes, and

II. — Pliilosophy .

1. Political Economy and International Law.

Political economy — its two leading divisions, Production
and Consumption : and its two subordinate divisions,
Distribution and Exchange.

2. Logic, Mental and Moral Science.

{a) Logic — Logic of Conception, or the term ; Logic of Judg-
ment, or the Proposition ; Logic of Reasoning, or the
Syllogism; Logic of Construction, or the System.

{b) Christian Ethics, Theoretical and Practical.

{c) Psychology.

{d) History of Philosophy.

(<?) Evidences of Christianity.

Text-Books — For Junior Class : Gregory's Logic, Davis' Logic,
Perry's Political Economy, Perry's Introduction to Sociology,
Burney's Ethics, Smyth's Christian Ethics.

For Senior Class : Davis' Pyschology, Bruce's Apologetics,
and Bowen's History of Philosophy.


III.— Modern Lang-uages.

A two 3-ears' course in both French and German is provided.
During the first 3-ear thorough drill is given in the grammars
and in the translation of easy literature, with continual exercise
in pronouncing, writing, and speaking the languages. The sec-
ond year is devoted to the reading of classic literature, trans-
lating into idiomatic English, and translating English into
French and German.

The course will be continually changed during the second
year, so that students who desire may continue the study of
these languages through the whole four years.

Text-Books — Brandt's First German Book, Brandt's German
Reader, Drej^spring's Eas}^ Lessons in German, and selections
from the best classic German writers ; Grandgent's French
Grammar and First Course, and selections from Classic French

IV. — Ancient Lang-uag-es.

A careful and sj-stematic stud}' of the principles of the lan-
guages and of their literature, based mainlj- on Quintilian's re-
view of the best Latin and Greek writers, is required. The de-
pendence of the English language upon the Latin and Greek
vvill receive constant attention in the class room. The course of
reading is designed to embrace, as far as practicable, the best
authors in every department of literature known to the ancients.

r. /,«/?■??. ^Text-books : Cicero's de Senectute, Sallust's Jug-
urthine War, Horace's Odes, Epodes, and Ars Poetica, and por-
tions of the Satires and Epistle, Livy, Tacitus, Ouintilian,
Pliny's Letters, Terence, Suetonius : Plautus, Allen Green-
ough's Latin Grammar, and Latin Literature and Composition.

2. Greek. — Text-books ; Herodotus, Lysias, Xenophon's Hel-
lenica, Demosthenes de Corona, Thucj-dides, Isocrates, Euri-
pides, Sophocles, Pindar, Aristophanes, and Plato's Psedo, Good-
win's or Crosbj-'s Greek Grammar, and Greek Literature and
Prose Composition.

3. Sanskrit. — Members of the Senior Class desiring to prose-
cute studies in the direction of Comparative Philology will be
carried through an elementary course in Sanskrit.

i6 ANNUAL Catalogue

v.— Science.

The courses of instruction in the sciences are arranged as fol-
lows :

1. Chemistry.— "f^xs includes Descriptive and Experimental
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry, Stoichiometry, Qualitative,
Quantitative, Volumetric, and Organic Analysis, and Assaying.

2. Mineralogy. — In this course are taught Crystallography,
Descriptive and Determinative Mineralogy, and Lithology.

3. Geology. — This includes Physiographic, Stratigraphic, Dy-
namic, and Historical Geology, Economic Geology, Paleontology,
Cosmogony, and the relation of Science to Religion.

4. Biology. — This course includes General Biology, Descrip-
tive and Systematic Zoology, Comparative Zoology, Human
Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene, Structural, Physiological,
and Systematic Botany, Analysis and Descriptions of Plants,
and Cryptogamic Botany.

Text-books. — '^ or the Sophomore Class: Barker's Chemistry,
Freer's Chemistrj^ Remsen's Organic Chemistry, Remsen's
Theoretical Chemistry, and Dana or Moses' Mineralogy.

For the Junior Class: Nicholson's Zoology, Gibson's Biology,
Gray's School and Field Book of Botany, and Bessey's Botany.

For the Senior Class : Martin's Physiology, EeConte's Geol-
ogy, and Winchell's Comparative Geology.

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