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1. When you send your son or ward to the I niversi"
nify in a letter to the President whether he is to take a reg
or irregular course; and if the latter, what particul

he is to study. This will prevent those frequent a

changes so common with boys left to their own will. A r

lar course is earnestly recommended to all \\

ces will permit them to take it; but, if such be th< f the

parents or guardians of students, any particular bran ;h of

literature or science will be taught; but each student !:.

have his whole time occupied.

2. The occasions should be very rare that you shoul cut
for your son or ward to leave the University, daring :
■ions, on visits home, or otherwise. This is apt to be alloi
during the Christmas holidays, without sufficient re » the

i it may have on the studies the who!'
ulty illy allow a few days at C n —

auch time as they think it safe for the students to h>sc i
t. ir stud!-



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THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT.

Rev. Richard Beard, D. D,, was inaugurated Professor of
Systematic Theology on the 13th of March last. Shortly
thereafter a Class was organized which has received daily in-
struction in the Greek and Hebrew Scriptures, and other
branches of Theology. Dr. Beard also delivers weekly lec-
tures on Systematic Theology to all the Probationers in the
College, about thirty in number. Rev. D. Lowry and Presi-
dent Anderson still continue their lectures on other subjects
embraced in the course.

The Board has three agents in the field, soliciting funds for
the endowment of the Department. Rev. W. D. Chadick, in
nine months, has secured not less than twelve thousand dol-
lars. IVo report has been received from the other agents. —
The Board entertains no doubt of the ultimate success of the
enterprise. It is highly important that at least two Professor-
ships should be endowed during the next Collegiate year, and
funds likewise obtained for the purchase of a library. It is
hoped, therefore, that the Church will promptly and liberally
respond to.the cads of the Agents. As a Theological School
is now established, Presbyteries should encourage their proba-
tioners to avail themselves of its advantages, and, when neces-
sary, furnish them with adequate means.



SCHOOL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING.

THE COURSE OF STUDY EMBRACES

( Algebra, [Davies' Bourdon]

Geometry, Trigonometry and Mensuration, [Davies' Legendre]

Surveying, [Davies' Revised Ed.]

Descriptive Geometry. [Davies']

Shades, Shadows und Perspective, [Davies']

Analytical Geometry, [Church's]
^Differential and Integral Calculus, [Church's]

6 | Roads and Kail Roads, [Gillespie]

g j Civil Engineering, [Mahan]

'6 J Bridge Construction, [llaupt.]

£ I Draughting, use of Compass and Chain, Theodolite, Level acd

y. j Transit.



23

The whole of the above course, is recommended to students
intending to become engineers. Those who desire it. may con-
fine their attention to so much of the course as will qualify
them for land surveying, or for teaching the Mathematics.

The instruction will be made as practical as possible'

On entering this School, students will be classed according
to their advancement. From two to three years will be required
to complete the whole course of study, by those who have made
little or no preparation; from one to two years by those more
advanced. Those who complete either the course of Math-
ematics, or that of Engineering, or both, will receive certifi-
cates of the fact, signed by the President of the University and
the Professor of the school.

The tuition fee is $30 per session, and must be paid in ad-
vance. \o part of it will be refunded, but a deduction will
be made when a student enters more than two weeks after the
beginning of a session.

A fee of one dollar and a half perses.-im will be charged
for contingent expenses.

The students in this school will be subject to all the laws < f
the University regulating conduct and morals, and to those
prescribed for the government of resident graduatt

A competent as>istant will be employed, whenever his ser-
vices shall be needed. Sessions the same as in College. Ap-
plications for admission or information should be made to
Prof. Alex. P. Stewart,






UNIVERSITY.



OUR PROSPECTS AND APPEAL.

Ten years have elapsed since the institution was chartered,
and at no former period in its history have its prospects been
more flattering than at present. It has, from its first organ-
ization to the present time, enjoyed a liberal share of public
patronage. sJhe constant aim of the Board of Trustees has
been to maintain a Faculty of unquestioned competency; and
they flatter themselves that in this respect, the institution may
challenge a favorable comparison with others A They trust,
therefore, that they may now confidently appeal to its friends
to rally to its support with renewed spirit and energy. This
will ensure success.

But, though, in view of the past, there is much that is en-
couraging, yet much still remains to be done, to give it that
full measure of usefulness and prosperity to which it should
aspire. The Library and Apparatus should be enlarged. The
maintenance of Professors should be secured against contin-
gencies. To accomplish these ends, we call upon the friends
of education, and especially upon the advocates of an intelli-
gent and efficient ministry, and upon the church which began
and has thus far so liberally fostered the enterprise, to give it
all the aid that is necessary, to effect the most perfect success.

The dissimilarity of the manners, customs and institutions
of the different sections of our vast Republic, now presents to
parents the important question, whether the interest of their
children does not require that they should be educated among
the people with whom they will have to act their parts in life,
rather than among those with whom they will have no more
to do after the signing of the diplomas'. It is a fact well known
to all observers, that the sentiments and feelings originating
during the period of collegiate life, are apt to guide in man-
hood. It is also admitted by all that a man's success, in a
government like ours, depends very much upon the adaptation



25

of his manners and feelings to those of the people with whom
he acts. This is next, if not equal in importance to the at-
tainment of a thorough education. It is true, that in times
gone by, the facilities for education were so much greater in
the North, and in Europe, that the South and West felt con-
strained to send off their sons, as it were, among a strange
people, to make scholars of them. This is not so now. £The
Trustees of this institution feel fully authorized to say to the
people of the South and West, that they have a Faculty and
system of instruction in Cumberland University, that will com-
pare favorably with any institution in the United States^ They
feel well justified in saying, that there is no longer any necessity
for ecountering the disadvantages of sending their sons and
means abroad in search of literary knowledge. They can
now, if they choose, bring up the young men of our country
among their own people, and amidst the institutions and cus-
toms of their forefathers, and thereby continue them to their
posterity. Surely it behooves us to take care of ourselves in
this as well a3 all other great interests. Had we not better,
as a section, strengthen, consolidate, and perpetuate our own
seats of learning, by the concentration of all our patronage,
than to leave them to dwindle and die. by bestowing our means
upon those at a distance from us? We would not engender
hoetiiity to the institutions or the people of the North; but we
would encourage a vigorous competition and manly independ-
ence, in literature as well as in all other great interests of our
section of the Union.



AJLUJMIO



OF



CUMBERLAND UNIVERSITY.



O^T" The Degree of Master of Arts has been conferred on all those who
are entitled to it.



NAMES.



0. L. Price, a. m.
Thomas Jarman, a. 81.

B. C. Chapman, a. m,
Nathan Green, Jr., a. m.



1 N. J. Fox. A. M.
J. 0. Bowden, a. m.
D.M.B1ythe,A.M.

Robert IIatton,A. m.



Robert Green, a. :.f.
A. G. Hand ley, a.m.
David M. Donnel, a. m.,



Samuel B. Vance, a. >i.
E. J. Golladay, a. m.,
J. L. McDowell, a. M.,
R. P. Decherd, a. h.,
W. R. Beeson, a. m.,
W. M. Sellers, a. m.,
W. M. Reed, a. m.,
W. C. Davis, a. M-,



I



J. C. Provine, a. m.,
S. G. Caruthers, a. M.,



OCCUPATION.

Class of 1843.

Attorney at Law.
Attorney at Law.

Class of 1844.

C. P. Minister, .
CRass of IS 15.

Attorney at Law.

CJass of 1847,

C. P. Minister,
C.P. Minister,
Physician,
Attorney at Law,

Class of 1848-

Atterney at Law,

Physician,

Teacher,

Class of I84f>.

C. P. Minister,
Attorri''V at Law,
C. P. Minister,
Teacher P'y. school, c. u.
C. P. Minister,
C. P. Minister,
O. P. Minister,
Planter,

Class of 1850.

('. P. Minister,
Attorney at Law,



RESIDENCE.

Tennessee.
Huntsville, Ala.

Lebanon, Tenn.



Winchester, Tenn-
McMinnville,Tenn.
Franklin, Tenn.
Lebanon, Tenn.



Austin, Texas.
Winchester, Tenn,
Montieello, Fla.



Hopkinsville, Ky.
Lebanon, Tenn.
Illinois.

Lebanon*, Tenn.
Dangerfield, Texas.
L:is Casas, Tenn.
Leighton Ala.
Green Hill, Tenn.



Nashville, Tenn.
Lebanon, Term.



97



NAMES.



OCCUPATION.



RESIDENCE.



W. E. Ward, a. *.,
♦Minor Bond, a. m>,
Rice Bond, a. If.,
H. B. Buckner, a. m. 7
T. C. Blake, a. m.,
S. T. Anderson, a. m.,
J. S. Freeland, a. m.
E. T. Hart, .am.



E. B. Crisman, a . B.,
Theodore Jarman, a. b.,

D. C. Kelly, a. b.,

W. II. Williamson, a. b.,
John F. Topp, a. b.,

E. D. Pearson, a. b.,



A. H. Alsup, a. b.,
C. H. Bell, a. b.,
A. II. I uchanan, a. b.,
P. H. Hardwick, a. b.,
J. E. Nunn, a. b.,
J. y. Ridley, a. b.,
W. A . Seay, a. b.,
A. W. Vick, a. b.,

A.J. Burton, a. b.,
W. A. Dunlap, a. b.,
S. X, Holliday, a. b.,
H, Mcforkle, a. b.,
1 f . IfcKinnon, a. b.,
S. A. Taylor. .;.a.,

♦Deceased,



Class of 1851.

Attorney at Law,



C. P. Minister,
C. P. Minister,
C. P. Minister,
M. E. Minister

Class of IS 52.

C. P. Minister,
Attorney at Law,
M. E. Minister,

Attorney at Law,

C. P. Minister,
Class of 1853.

C. P. Minister,

C. P. Minister,

Engineer,

C. P. Minister,

Teacher,

Attorney at Law,

Attorney at Law.

Class of I §51.



Jefferson, Texas.
Memphis, Tenn.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville. Tenn.
Spring Mill, Tenn.
Hernando. Miss.
Sullivan, Illinois.



Austin, Texas.
Whiteville. Tenn.
Lebanon, Term.

Green Hill, Tenn.
Columbus. Miss.
Hanson, Mo.



Hartsville, Tenn.
Pontotoc, Miss.
Boonsboroughj Ark.
Alton, III.
Moore* vi He, Ala.
Jefferson, Tenn.
Rome, Tenn.
Lebanon, Tenn.

Lebanon, Tenn.
P;tris, Tenn.
Paris, Mo.
Lebanon, Tenn.
New Portland. Ten.
Spring River, Mo.



»<• « ->+

This School has now been in operation seven yeirs,and has
educated liiore than three hundred young men for the bar. A
greater number has attended it this, than any former year. It
may, therefore, be assumed that its administration has been
approved by the public, and especi the legal profession.

For no Law School can command respectable success without
the favorable opinion of that enlightened and influential body.
Many causes, no doubt, have concurred in producing this fa-
vorable opiniou, and this steadily increasing prosperity.

It was the first a ; ish a Law School in Ten-

nessee, and therefore see: Lave a

ofthe State. It was considered a hazardous experiment. The
newspaper press, generally, sustained it. Prominent members
of the bar and bench encouraged the effort. In the fifth year
ot its existence, it had attained the rank of the second Law
:I in the Union, in point of numbers. It was no doubt
felt that this Fact constituted a strong appeal to the pride of
the State, to give it a more earnest and united support, and ad-
vance it, if possible, to a still higher position.

The peculiar advantages of its location have been duly ap-
preciated. Lebanon is a village destitute of those attrac-
tions which, in a city, are cons: beguiling students from
their studies. There are not more than six or eight weeks of
court here in the yaar. There are no political assemblies, ex-
cept such as are common to every town in the State. A con-
stant succession of courts, conventions, legislatures, theatrical
and other exhibitions, combined .-. I social attrac-
tions, would present tempta to indulgence that few law
students could resist. Toe disadvantage of surrounding him-
self by such beguilemen - . Uectual
developement, can hardly be over-rated by the student. It is
only by diligent appli< to study that he can qualify himself
for the bar, and the fitter temptations he has a;ound him to
relax his application, the more sure h i succeed.

Another cause has v. Ifav tbly. Tv\ . of the professors

are devoted exclusively to the School. They attend to no
official or professional business. This fact presents the full-
est assurance that the business of instruction will be well at-
tended to. It is impossible that professors can do any sort of



29



justice to students, and at the same time practice law. To
conduct a Law School, or any other School, or any other valu-
able business, successfully, must employ the time and talents of
those who are engaged in it, fully and laboriously. To deliv-
er daily lectures of an hour or two is easy, and would inter-
fere but little with the nal business of the lecturer;
but it would be as unprofitable to the students as easy to
himself.

Another feature in this School which has doubtless commen-
ded it to the favorable consideration of the public, is the mor-
al and religious influence which it exerts on the young men
who attend it. As the bar must ever wield aa extensive influ-
ence on the moral character of the community, it is of the ut-
most public importance that its own moral ch ;uld be
pure and elevated. It is tierefore a prominent object in the
administration of this School, to cultivate the morality of the
cl^ss. This is effected in various wa]

1. Py Di Laws are enforced against immoralities
with a stringency that commands respect, and yet with a lenien-
cy that quiets all murmuring, and commands the cheerful ao-
quiescence of the cla

2. By occasional lectures, urging the study of the Bible, at-
tendance upon the Sunday Schools, and t *t observance
of those rules of conduct by which alone solid character can
be formed and preserved.

3. As intemperance has been found to be the source of al-
most every irregularity, a 1; - been enacted during the
present year, which provides, 1st, That no student shall drink
intoxicating liquors at all. as a beverage. 2d. That no stude..;
shall enter a drinking shop for any purpose whatever. 3d. If
a stir!- is drunk he shall be dismissed. the two first
offences such milder punishment is inflicted as the Faculty
may think proper. This law is based upon the le, that
the student who can sacrifice all the end* arments of home in
order to attend the School, and yet cannot sacritice the bottle
for the Bhort time he remains here, is not likely to do
or the School any credit. If he esteems his drain of more im-
portance to him than the advantages of thi ioI, there is
no hope of redeeming him. By excludi.v.: all such from the
School, its elevated moral tone is preservi

4. The influence of the lo toiety ia Wher-
ever a Law School i .1, that inn
fully frit. In Lebanon it i- B ■ le of \;
The whole weight of
temperance, gambling, and vice in every shape. Students









30

board in private families, and are thus brought under the con-
straining influence of family associations. They are from the
very nature of their pursuits brought more into contact with
lawyers than any other class. These are nearly all members
of some Church. The demoralizing agencies which do exist
here, are not invested with those attractive forms, and coun-
tenanced by that social influence, which render them danger-
ous to aspiring young men.

5. The plan of instruction keeps the class too busy for im-
moral indulgences. The daily recitations and Moot Court
exercises, are sufficient to employ all the time, thought and en-
ergy of the student, and if he is not willing to occupy an infe-
rior station in his class, he has no idle hours to spend.

MOOT COURTS.

Two Circuit Courts, or one Circuit and one Chancery Court,
are held on every Monday, in which the Prolessors preside in
different apartments. On the last Friday in every month a
Supreme Court is held, in which one of the Professors, asso-
ciated with two of the senior students, presides. These Courts
have the same jurisdiction and observe the same law of prac-
tice, as the Courts of the same name in Tennessee.

The exercises in these Courts do not consist in merely de-
bating questions of law. But cases- are announced in various
forms to each student, on which he is to bring a suit, and an-
other is appointed to defend it. There is a regular clerk and
sheriff; the students, however, perform the duties of these offi-
cers in their own cases, The plaintiff's attorney gives his
prosecution bond, issues bis writ with the name of the clerk
signed to it, makes the proper returns on it in the name of the
sheriff, tiles his declaration, and keeps his own docket, besides
having the case entered on the clerk's docket. He then hands
his papers to the defendant's attorney, who examines them,
and moves to dismiss the suit, or pleads in abatement, or de-
murs or pleads in chief. If he fails to make defence in proper
time, the plaintiff takes judgment by default against him. If
the plaintiff fails to reply, or at any time take the necessary
step to prosecute the suit, he is non prosscd by the defendant.
I When the cause is ready for trial, a jury of the students is
empannelled, the cause is regulary submitted to them, the ev-
idence on each side is introduced, the cause argued, the jury is
charged by the court, and render their verdict. Judgment is
rendered and execution issues. On these executions returns
are directed to be made in some cases that will subject the
sheriff to summary judgment, and the plaintiff is required to



31

move against him and his sureties, and adduce the official
bond and the other evidence that may be necessary to sustain
the motion, and then to enter the judgment on his minutes. In
other cases delivery bonds are given; in others indemnity bonds;
in others one of the parties dies, and in rine the various cases
are so directed as to involve all the varieties of practice that
arise on executions.

In other cases motions for new trial are made and overruled,
and an appeal taken to the Supreme Court, an appeal boad giv-
en, a bill of exceptions tiled, and the record regularlT transfer-
red to that Court, where the judgment is affirmed, or reversed
and remanded for a new trial.

Equity cases are in like manner announced, and suits
commenced and carried through all the processes known to the
Chancery Court, such as references to the Clerk and Master,
final and interlocutory decrees and appeals to the Supreme
Court.

In some cases suits are commenced before Justices of the
Peace, and brought into the Circuit Court by appeal or cer-
tiorari, and tried there.

Sometimes a regular Venire Facia* is returned as from the
County Court — a grand jury organized and charged by the
Court, State cases given to students in which they acl
torneys General, prepare indictments, have them regularly
passed upon by the grand jury, and carry them through all
the processes of a criminal prosecution, an advocate being al-
ways appointed to defend.

Cases are so framed as to put the student under the necessity
of preparing the various kinds of instruments that are used in
the transactions of men. Letters of administration, wills with
proper certificates of probate, deeds duly proved and register-
ed, promisory notes, marriage licenses, &€., cmc. lit- is obliged
to introduce them as evidence to sustain his suit or defence.

A. Moot Court is held at the close of each collegiate year in
public, which excites great interest among the students and
greatly attracts the community. Until the close of the last
year this was a Supreme Court,. exercising its appellate juris-
diction. But it was then a Circuit Court, and the trials were
before juries selected from among the students, and involved
interesting questions of fact and of law. In this court as well
as in all the other exercises of the School, forms of proceeding
are from time to time modified in such manner as best to an-
swer t|p ial ends in view.

The advantage of this .Moot Court system is. that it not only
indoctrinates a student in the elementary principles of law in-



32 __

volved in his cases, but also in the law of remedies. It trains
him also to the discussion of facts, and to the exercise of that
tact which is so important in real practice.



» < » ♦ « K



COURSE OF STUDY.

The School is divided into three classes, Junior, Middle and
Senior. It will require three sessions of five months each to
graduate, unless a student is advanced when he enters, and
then he will be admitted into that class, for which he may be
found qualified. The reason for reducing the time required
for graduation is, that we have found by seven years experience
that comparatively very few will remain in the School four, or
even three sessions. A much greater number will remain
three sessions if they can graduate in that time, and thus the
School will send to the bar a greater number more thoroughly
prepared than it can do by requiring a more thorough course.

Junior Class.

The principal book of the Junior session is Keifs Commen-
taries. To prepare for this, The History of a Law Suit, Hii-
Hard's Elements, Stephens 1 Pleading and selections from Black-
stone, are studied.

I?3iddle Class.



Story's Equity Jurisprudence and

Equity Pleading.
Story on Promisory Notes.



GreenleaPs Evidence.
Wbartc/n'a American Crim-
inal Law.



Senior Class.



Chitty on Contracts,
Williams on Executors,
Bell on Husband and Wife,



GreenleaPs Cruise's Digest,
Story on Conflict of Law,
Story on the Constitution,



TERMS OF ADMISSION.
No previous professional reading or literary qualification is
requited for admission. Those who may apply for advanced
standing will be examined on the text already studied by the
class which they may propose to enter, if they intend to take
a regular course. If, however, they do not enter with a view
to graduation, they are not examined on their previous read-
ing, but are allowed to enter what class, and study what books

they choose.

■» < .«> .».«

EXPENSES.

The tuition fee is $50 per session, to be paid invariably before admission. A
ortional deduction is made when the student enters at an advanced period
of the ses^on. except for the first week. No part; oi' the fee is refunded on
any account; but a flue allowance may be made for sickness or approved ab-
sence, to be deducted from the students' own admission fees for any subsequent
session. Boarding is from $>40 to £>50 per session, including washing, fuel,
rooms, and every necessary incident.





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Online LibraryCumberland Univ.Catalogue of the Officers and Students of Cumberland University (Volume 1853-54) → online text (page 2 of 2)