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but is definitely accepted as an obligation by any student
receiving such aid.

BOARDING

It is the desire of the University authorities to make
the dormitories self-supporting and expenses must be ad-
justed to the current prices of the community.

The room rent, which includes the cost of fuel and lights,
is payable strictly in advance for the semester. The charge
for a double room is $25 per semester for each student;
for a single room, $30 per semester. A double room used



Cumberland University Bulletin 19

as a single room by a student who does not find a room-
mate or refuses to accept a roommate assigned by the Uni-
versity authorities, will be subject to a charge of $37-5o per
semester. Each student is required to sign a regular lease
for his room.

Electric light will be furnished to the extent of sixty
watts in a single room, or two forty watts lights in a double
room. Lights in excess of this amount of current must
be arranged at the office and paid for by the students.

Students in the dormitory must furnish their own toilet
articles, electric lamps and bulbs, four single sheets for
3x6-foot beds, one pillow, two pillowcases, and necessary
blankets ; also table napkins.

Scholarship students will be expected to room and board
in the dormitory.

All students who room in the dormitory are required
to board in the college, also, but students who have rooms
off the campus will be accepted as boarders.

Many of the best homes in Lebanon are open to stu-
dents for both rooms and table board. Usually, however,
the prices are higher than at the dormitories.

EXPENSES FOR THE YEAR

Tuition fee $40.00

Contingent fee and library fee 20.00

Room rent, college dormitories, double room, each student 50.00

Room rent, college dormitories, single room 60.00

Room rent, double room used as a single room 75-00

Table board, per calendar month 20.00

Boarding with private families, per month 25.00 to 30.00

Indications seem to promise increased prices for all com-
modities, making living expenses even higher than during
the war, so that in self-protection we must place our rates
on a rather higher standard than heretofore.

It is our desire to give our students every advantage,
however, and rates will be decreased if it is possible to do



20 Cumberland University Bulletin

so with prevailing market prices. The scale will therefore
be subject to adjustment during the year.

It is our intention to continue the young ladies' dormi-
tory arrangements and, if possible, the plans will include
their boarding in their own dormitory instead of sharing
the dining room with the young men. The rates will be
the same for the young ladies as for the young men.

The same careful supervision of the young ladies will
be provided, through a competent member of the Faculty,
as during the present year, so that parents may be assured
of most desirable home surroundings for their daughters.

The boarding expense is payable by the month in ad-
vance and no deductions will be made except for continuous
absence of at least a full week. It is not possible to make
deductions for absences of a day at a time even when they
occur several times during a month.

Students working in any of the laboratories will deposit
$5 as a breakage fee. The unused portion of this amount
will be refunded at the close of the year, or semester.

It is thus seen that the necessary expenses of college
students, exclusive of clothing, books, laundry, etc., need
not exceed $300 for the year of nine full months.

It is the purpose to make the dormitories as homelike as
possible. It is understood, therefore, that each student who
accepts a place in the dormitory agrees to abide by the
ordinary requirements of gentlemanly or ladylike behavior,
remembering that each is but one of a family and that
others have rights that must be respected.

It is also understood that the privileges of the dormi-
tories are granted only on the condition that any form of
hazing is strictly prohibited and that each student is abso-
lutely protected in the rights of his own room.

Students will be held responsible for any damage to
college property that may occur through their actions.
A student who withdaws from college, for sufficient



Cumberland University Bulletin 21

reason, during the first fourth of a semester, will receive
a refund of three-fourths of his payment, exclusive of the
contingent fee. For withdrawal during the second or third
fourth of a semester the refund will be in proportion. Dur-
ing the last fourth no refund will be made.

Under no circumstances will the contingent fee be re-
funded.



REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION.

Students are admitted at the beginning of each year to
such standing in the college as their previous training war-
rants. This admission may be to the Freshman class, to
advanced standing, or to partial courses. Satisfactory tes-
timony of good moral character must be presented by all
candidates. Students from other colleges must present
certificates of honorable dismissal and their credentials of
entrance and credits.

As a general rule all students will be admitted with the
understanding that they must demonstrate ability to do col-
lege work and to maintain creditable standing in their
studies. The Committee on Entrance and Courses reserves
the right to direct the work of students. Any changes of
studies will be required upon the recommendation of any
department in exceptional cases of deficiency in preparation,
or failure to do standard work.

ADMISSION TO THE FRESHMAN CLASS
Graduates of recognized secondary schools may be ad-
mitted on certificate and recommendation of the Superin-
tendent or Principal, provided the certificate shows the com-
pletion of at least fifteen units as described below. The
National Conference on Standards of Colleges and Second-
ary Schools recommended in 1909 the following statement
as a description of a unit: "A unit represents a year's
study in any subject in a secondary school, constituting
approximately a quarter of a full year's work."



22 Cumberland University Bulletin

The four-year high school course is the basis of meas-
urement. The length of the school year is at least thirty-
six weeks, and the period of recitation from forty to sixty
minutes in length.

Students may be admitted with two conditions, that is,
with two required units not offered, provided the condi-
tions are removed during the first year of residence. Can-
didates should request their Principals or Superintendent
to send certificates to the Dean of the college as early as
possible. It is important that all credentials be in the
office by September i.

i. The nine and one-half required units are:

Algebra (Quadratics and beyond) 1^2

English 3

Foreign Languages (four units in one, or two units

in each of two) 4

Plane Geometry I

2. The five and one-half optional units may be made
up from additional units in the subjects above, or from the
following subjects :

Botany I

Chemistry 1

Civics (independent of History) y 2

History (Ancient, English, American, Mediaeval and

Modern) _ 1, 2, 3 or 4

Physiography (with field work) T / 2 or 1

Physiology j4 or 1

Physics 1

Solid Geometry y 2

Full laboratory work shall have accompanied the work
in the sciences, otherwise only one-half unit will be ac-
cepted. Additional one-half units will be accepted for Ad-
vanced Algebra (Permutations, Binomial Theorem, Loga-
rithms, etc.), and Plane Trigonometry. An additional unit



Cumberland University Bulletin 23

in English may be accepted if the literary studies of the
particular student warrant. Students who have completed
work in Commercial branches and Manual Training- must
present their claims to the Dean and the Committee on
Entrance.

ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING
Candidates for advanced standing will be required to
present all credentials for college entrance or a transcript
of equivalent college work which they desire to offer for
credit toward graduation. Letters of honorable dismissal
and a recommendation should accompany the transcript.

No student will be given a degree from Cumberland
University until he shall have spent one year in residence.

ADMISSION BY EXAMINATION
Candidates who are not admitted by certificate may
apply for entrance examinations. These examinations may
be taken at the secondary school in May or at the University
in September. Examinations prescribed by the Associa-
tion of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Southern
States will be used. Applications should be forwarded to
the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.

REGISTRATION
On the appointed registration days at the beginning of
each semester (see University Calendar), applicants for ad-
mission are required to appear with their credentials at the
office of the Dean. They will be assisted by an Advisory
Committee on Classification and assigned to courses.
Course cards must be made out, signed by the Dean, and
presented to the University Registrar, who will give further
directions and explanations. Students will be required to
present their cards by the end of the third day of registra-
tion. No changes in registration will be permitted after the
first two weeks of each semester.



24 Cumberland University Bulletin

EXTRA HOURS
Normal work for a student is sixteen semester hours.
A minimum of twelve semester hours will be required. Stu-
dents who desire to register for more than sixteen hours
must consult the Dean and the Committee on Entrance and
Courses. Eighteen hours is the maximum of work allowed.
The semester hour is one class period a week for one semes-
ter, or one-half year, two laboratory periods being equiva-
lent to one class period.

CONDITIONS, DEFICIENCIES AND RESTRICTIONS

A student may be admitted with two conditions which
must be removed before the end of the Freshman year by
special arrangement. A condition means that an applicant
lacks either one or two of the required units in subjects
for admission.

Students may be found deficient in preparation after
entrance or before. If a deficiency is created by failure
to do good work, the student will be reqiured to remove
the deficiency before he advances to higher classification.
Students must make a passing grade in at least twelve
hours' work in any semester.

All two semester courses must be completed before credit
will be given.

GRADES AND EXAMINATIONS
Students will be graded by letters described as follows :
A, superior; B, good; C, average; D, passing; E, condition
or deficiency ; F, failure, for which credit will not be given
unless the course is repeated and passed. Tests will be
held at intervals on divisions of the subject, and examina-
tions will be held at the end of each semester.

Reports of the standing of students will be sent from
the office after examinations, at the end of each semester
to the parents or guardians. During the semester informa-
tion may be forwarded to parents or guardians if a student



Cumberland University Bulletin 25

begins to fail in his work. Personal communications from
the Dean will be sent at any time when conditions create
the necessity, or when patrons request.

ABSENCES
A record of the attendance of all students will be kept
in the office of the Registrar. All absences must be made
up by special arrangement with the instructor in charge of
the course, otherwise the standing of the student will be
lowered proportionately. The Committee on Courses will
decide when the number of absences creates a deficiency.

DESCRIPTION OF ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS

The requirements on the following pages have been
recommended by the National Conference on Uniform
Entrance Requirements in English for 1919-1922 :

The study of English in school has two main objects:
(1) Command of correct and clear English, spoken and
written ; (2) ability to read with accuracy, intelligence, and
appreciation, and the development of the habit of reading
good literature with enjoyment.

GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION
The first object requires instruction in grammar and
composition. English grammar should ordinarily be re-
viewed in the secondary school, and correct spelling and
grammatical accuracy should be rigorously exacted in con-
nection with all written work during the four years. The
principles of English composition governing punctuation,
the use of words, sentences, and paragraphs, oral as well
as written, should extend throughout the secondary school
period. Written exercises may well comprise letter-writ-
ing, narration, description, and easy exposition and argu-
ment. It is advisable that subjects for this work be taken
from the student's personal experience, general knowledge,
and studies other than English, as well as from his reading



26 Cumberland University Bulletin

in literature. Finally, special instruction in language and
composition should be accompanied by concerted effort of
teachers in all branches to cultivate in the student the habit
of using good English in his recitation and various exer-
cises, whether oral or written.

The second object is sought by means of two lists of
books, headed, respectively, Reading and Study, from which
may be framed a progressive course in literature. In con-
nection with both lists, the student should be trained in
reading aloud and be encouraged to commit to memory
notable passages, both in verse and prose. As an aid to
literary appreciation, he is further advised to acquaint him-
self with the most important facts in the lives of the authors
whose works he reads and with their place in literary
history.

The following list is not intended to be prescriptive.
Books of equal merit, covering a similar range of literary
styles, will be accepted as equivalents :

A.— READING

The aim of this course is to foster in the student the
habit of intelligent reading and to develop a taste for good
literature by giving him a first-hand knowledge of some of
the best specimens. He should read the books carefully, but
his attention should not be so fixed upon details as to cause
his missing the main purpose and charm of what he reads.

With a view to large freedom of choice, the books
provided for reading are arranged in the following groups,
from each of which at least two selections are to be made,
except as otherwise provided under Group I :

Group I (Classics in Translation) : The Old Testament,
comprising at least the chief narrative episodes in Genesis.
Exodus, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, and Daniel, to-
gether with the books of Ruth and Esther; the Odyssey,
with the omission, if desired, of Books I-V, XV, XVI,
XVII; the Iliad, with the omission, if desired, of Books



Cumberland University Bulletin 27

XI, XIII, XV, XVII, XXI; and the Mneid. The Odyssey,

Iliad, and JEneid should be read in English translations of
recognized literary excellence. For any selection from this
group a selection from any one group may be substituted.
Group II (Shakespeare) : Midsummer Night's Dream,
Merchant of Venice, As You\ Like It, Twelfth Night, The
Tempest, Romeo and Juliet, King John, Richard II, Richard
III, Henry V, Coriolanus, Jidiuis Caesar, Macbeth, Hamlet
(if not chosen for study). Group III (Prose Fiction) :
"Malory's Morte a" Arthur (about 100 pages) ; Bunyan's Pil-
grim's Progress, Part I; Swift's Gulliver's Travels (voy-
ages to Liiliput and to Brobdingnag) ; Defoe's Robinson
Crusoe, Part I; Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield; Frances
Burney's Evelina; Scott's Novels, any one; Jane Austen's
Novels, any one; Maria Edgeworth's Castle Rackrent, or
The Absentee; Dickens' Novels, any one; Thackeray's
Novels, any one ; George Eliot's Novels, any one ; Mrs. Gas-
kell's Canford; Kingsley's Westward Ho! or Hereward, the
Wake; Reade's The Cloister and the Hearth; Blackmore's
Lorna Doone; Hughes' Tom Brown's Schooldays; Steven-
son's Treasure Island, or Kidnaped, or Master of Ballan-
irae; Cooper's Novels, any one; Poe's Selected Tales; Haw^
thorne's The House of the Seven Gables, or Twice Told
Tales, or Mosses From an Old Manse ; a collection of Short
Stories by various standard writers. Group IV (Essays,
Biography, etc.) : Addison and Steele's The Sir Roger de
Coverley Papers, or Selections from the Tattler and Spec-
tator (about 200 pages) ; Boswell's Selections from the
Life of Johnson (about 200 pages) ; Franklin's Autobiogra-
phy; Irving's Selections from the Sketch Book (about 200
pages), or Life of Goldsmith; Southey's Life of Nelson;
Lamb's Selections from the Essays of Elia (about 100
pages) ; Lockhart's Selections from the Life of Scott (about
200 pages) ; Thackeray's Lectures on Swift, Addison and
Steele in the English Humorists; Macaulay, any one of the



2& Cumberland University Bulletin

following essays : Lord Clive, Warren Hastings, Milton,
Addison, Goldsmith, Frederick the Great, Madame d'Ar-
blay; Selections from Trevelyan's Life of Macaulay (about
200 pages) ; Ruskin's Sesame and Lilies, or Selections
(about 150 pages) ; Dana's Tzvo Years Before the Mast;
Lincoln's Selections, including at least the two Inaugurals,
the Speeches in Independence Hall and at Gettysburg, the
Last Public Address, the Letter to Horace Greeley, to-
gether with a brief memoir or estimate of Lincoln; Park-
mans' The Oregon Trail; Thoreau's Walden; Lowell's
Selected Essays (about 150 pages) ; Holmes' The Autocrat
of the Breakfast Table; Stevenson's An Island Voyage and
Travels With a Donkey ; Huxley's Autobiography and selec-
tions from Lay Sermons, including the addresses on Im-
proving Natural Knowledge, A Liberal Education, and A
Piece of Chalk; a collection of Essays by Bacon, Lamb,
DeOuincey, Hazlitt, Emerson and later writers ; a collec-
tion of Letters by various standard writers. Group V
(Poetry) : Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First Series) :
Books II and III with special attention to D'ryden, Collins,
Gray, Cowper, and Burns; Palgrave's Golden Treasury
(First Series) : Book IV, with special attention to Words-
worth, Keats, and Shelley (if not chosen for study under
B) ; Goldsmith's The Traveler and The Deserted Village;
Pope's The Rape of the Lock; a collection of English and
Scottish Ballads, as, for example, some Robin Hood Bal-
lads, The Battle of Otterburn, King Estmere, Young Bei-
cham, Berwick and Grahame, Sir Patrick Spens, and a se-
lection from later ballads ; Coleridge's The Ancient Mariner,
Christabel, and Kubla Klan; Byron's Childe Harold, Canto
III or IV, and The Prisoner of Chillon; Scott's The Lady
of the Lake or Marmion; Macau-lay's The Lays of Ancient
Rome, the Battle of Naseby, The Armada, Ivry ; Tenny-
son's The Princess or Gareth and Lynette, Lancelot and
Elaine and The Passing of Arthur; Browning's Cavalier



Cumberland University Bulletin 29

Tunes, The Lost Leader, How They Brought the Good
News From Ghent to Aix, Home Thoughts From Abroad,
Home Thoughts From the Sea, Incidents of the French
Camp, Herve Riel, Pheidippides, My Last Duchess, Up at a
Villa — Down in the City, The Italian in England, The
Patriot, The Pied Piper, <l DeGustibus — " Instans Tyr an-
nus; Arnold's Sohrab and Rustum and The Forsaken Mer-
man; selections from American poetry, with special atten-
tion to Poe, Lowell, Longfellow, Whittier, and Holmes.

B.— STUDY

This part of the requirement is intended as a natural
and logical continuation of the students' earlier reading,
with greater stress laid upon form and style, the exact
meaning of words and phrases, and the understanding of
allusions. The books provided for study are arranged in
four groups, from each of which one selection is to be
made.

Group I (Drama) : Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, Mac-
beth, Hamlet. Group II (Poetry) : Milton's V Allegro, II
Penseroso, and either Comus or Lycidas; Tennyson's The
Coming of Arthur, The Holy Grail, and The Passing of
Arthur; the selections from Wordsworth, Keats, and Shel-
ley in Book IV of Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First Se-
ries). Group III (Oratory) : Burke's Speech on Concilia-
Hon With America; Macaulay's Speech on Copyright, and
Lincoln's Speech at Cooper Union; Washington's Farewell
Address, and Webster's First Bunker Hill Oration. Group
IV (Essays) : Carlyle's Essay on Burns, with a selection
from Burn's Poems; Macaulay's Life of Johnson; Emer-
son's Essays.

No student will be admitted to standing in the University
whose examination papers on the subjects above shows a
marked deficiency in composition, spelling and punctuation,
or other essentials of good usage.



30 Cumberland University Bulletin

MATHEMATICS

(a) Algebra — To Quadratics. One unit. The four
fundamentals; factoring, determination of highest common
factor and lowest common multiple; fractions, ratio, and
proportion, linear equations, containing one or more un-
known quantities ; radicals, including the extraction of the
square root of polynomials and numbers; exponents, frac-
tional and negative.

(b) Algebra — Quadratic equations, binomial theorem,
permutations, progressions, etc. One unit for full year, or
one-half unit for partial work.

(c) Plane Geometry. One unit.

(d) Solid Geometry. One-half unit.

(c) Plane Trigonometry. One-half unit.

LATIN

(a) Latin Lessons, Grammar, Prose Composition. One
unit.

(b) Caesar, four books. One unit. In place of Books
III and IV, fifty passages of Cornelius Nepos may be sub-
stituted. The passage selected for translation will be ac-
companied by the questions dealing with the subject-matter,
constructions, etc.

(c) Cicero, six orations. One unit. The passages se-
lected for translation, accompanied by the usual questions
of forms, constructions, etc., Composition. Sallust.

(d) Virgil's Aeneid, six books. One unit. In place of
two books of the Aeneid, two thousand lines of Ovid may
be offered. In addition to the usual questions accompany-
ing the selections for translation, there will be questions on
prosody. Composition.

GREEK

(a) Greek Lessons, Grammar, Prose Composition. One
unit.

(b) Xenophon's Anabasis, four books. One unit. Two



Cumberland University Bulletin 31

books of the Anabasis may be replaced by an equivalent
amount from the Cyropcedia. The selection for translation
will be accompanied by questions dealing with forms, con-
struction, and accent. Composition.

(c) Homer's Iliad, three books. One unit. For one
book of the Iliad an equivalent amount of the Odyssey may
be substituted.

HISTORY

Credit for History will be given according to the time
devoted to each branch of the subject.

(a) Ancient History. One unit.

(b) Mediaeval and Modern History. One unit.

(c) United States History and Civil Government. One
unit.

(d) English History. One unit.

Any science studied one year with adequate laboratory
work will be given a credit of one unit; without the labora-
tory work, only one-half unit will be credited.

(a) Physical Geography. One-half unit. Texts recom-
mended: Davis', Tarr's, Gilbert and Brigham's. Physiol-
ogy. One-half unit. Texts recommended : Coleman's,
Blaisdell's, Martin's.

(b) Physics. One unit. Texts recommended: Gage's,
Carhart's, Wentworth and Hill's, Milliken & Gale's.

(c) Chemistry. One unit. Texts: Smith and Hesler's,
Newell's.

(d) Biology. One unit. One year in elementary Bot-
any or Zoology.

(e) Agriculture. One-half unit. One-half year in Ele-
mentary Agriculture.

FRENCH

Elementary. Two units. The examination will call for
familiarity with the various forms of inflection of noun,
adjective, verb, etc., a possession of a fair vocabulary of
words, and the acquaintance with the ordinary rules of syn-



32 Cumberland University Bulletin

tax. Texts recommended : The Grammars of Fraser and
Squair, Edgren, and Deborde; Muzzarelli's Brief French
Course ; the readers of Super, Rollin, and Kuhns ; L'Abbe
Constantin; La Belle Nivernaise.

GERMAN
Elementary. Two units. The preparation in this lan-
guage must be the equivalent of that in French. Texts
recommended : Becker's or Thomas' Elements of German ;
the readers of Harris, Brandt, and Joynes-Meissner ; Mar-
chen and Erzahlungen; L'Arrabiata.

REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION

The college course extends through four years, consist-
ing of two semesters each year, a total of eight semesters.
The average semester is one-half of the college year, or
eighteen weeks. The semester hour is the credit hour of the
University and signifies one hour a week through one
semester.

Candidates may apply for the Bachelor of Arts, or Bach-
elor of Science, degree, which will be conferred after the
completion of the requirements as outlined in the follow-
ing pages :

1. Prescribed Studies.


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