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required to pass an examination, which shall be conducted by the committee
of the faculty, composed of the professors in charge of the departments in
which the work has been done, and such other person or persons as shall be
appointed by the president or faculty. This examination shall be public
and oral.

V. Thesis — The candidate shall present a thesis embodying the results
of his study or investigations comprising his major work. A typewritten
copy of the thesis shall be presented to the department in which the major
work was taken, not later than May loth of the year in which the degree is
conferred.



LAW SCHOOL

Established 1847



FACULTY

JOHN* ROYAL HARRIS, B.D., D.D., President

WILLIAM R. CHAMBERS, A.B., LL.B., Dean of Law School, Professor of

Law

ALBERT WILLIAMS, LL.B. Professor of Law

GRAFTON GREEX, LL.D., Lecturer on Legal Ethics and Supreme Court
Practice



Cumberland University Bulletin 53

HISTORICAL NOTE



This school was created as a department of Cumberland University on
the 9th day of January, 1847, or, to be more accurate, on that day the Board
of Trustees took the first step, by resolution, looking to the establishment
of a Law School. At various subsequent sittings of the board the plan of
organization was perfected, and in the month of October, 1847, the first
term opened, with one professor and seven students present. Judge
Abraham Caruthers was the professor. He resigned his seat upon the
bench of the State to accept the position. His name has passed into history
as one of the ablest judges who ever presided in the courts of the State.
His opening address attracted wide attention, and was copied and com-
mented upon in many of the legal publications throughout the country.
He assailed and utterly discredited the old system of teaching by lectures,
and insisted that the science of law should be taught like any other science —
like mathematics, like chemistry.

The school was at once a success. Judge N. Green, Senior, then one of
the Supreme Judges of the State, was called to assist Judge Caruthers in
the conduct of the school in 1852. He resigned his position on the bench
to do so. Shortly thereafter, N. Green, Junior, was elected a professor,
the prosperity of the school requiring the services of three instructors.
These three gentlemen continued as the Faculty until the beginning of the
Civil War in 1861. At that time there were one hundred and eighty law
students in attendance. Judge Abraham Caruthers died during the war.
Judge N. Green, Senior, survived the war and assisted his son, N. Green,
Junior, in the revival of the school, but died, at an advanced age and full
of honors, in 1866. He was succeeded that year by the Hon. Henry Cooper,
and two years thereafter, Judge Cooper having resigned, Judge Robert L.
Caruthers, who was for many years on the Supreme Bench of the State,
was elected to fill the vacancy. He resigned in 1881 because of advancing
years and feeble health, and Dr. Andrew B. Martin succeeded him, serving
until his death, May 19, 1920.

Judge Nathan Green, Junior, after having taught as a professor in the
Law School for more than sixty years, died on February 17, 1919. He was
succeeded by Judge Edward E. Beard, who served until his death, June
18, 1924.

In July, 1920, Hon. W. R. Chambers was selected as the successor of Dr.
Martin; and in October, 1923, Hon. Albert Williams was selected as a pro-
fessor of law. Judge Grafton Green, LL.D., Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court of Tennessee, is lecturer on Legal Ethics and Supreme Court Practice.



54 Cumberland University Bulletin

The school now has two regular teachers, both of whom are practicing
lawyers with a combined experience of more than forty years. The stu-
dent has the benefit of al! this experience from the daily citation of real
cases illustrating the principles found in the text books. Faculty enlarge-
ment is being arranged.

Women are admitted to the same classes with men as students. The
course, being thoroughly practical, prepares the student either to practice
law, or to conduct other business according to law.

This is among the oldest law schools of the South, and its success from
the beginning has been unparalleled by any other similar institution.
Thousands of young men have here received instruction in the law. They
are to be found in every section of the country and in every honorable sta-
tion for which professional training fits them. Some have reached the
bench of the "greatest court on earth," the Supreme Court of the United
States, and many are and have been Chief Executives of States and mem-
bers of both houses of the United States Congress. Indeed, wherever
found, in public or private station, on the bench or at the bar, their success-
ful careers, attributable in some degree, in our opinion, to the systematic
training received here, are giving prestige to their Alma Mater.

No law school in the country within the first half century of its exis-
tence has furnished the profession a more honorable and worthy body of
graduates than has this school, and it is with commendable and natural
pride that the institution now points to the record of these distinguished
sons.

PLAN OF INSTRUCTION

It is only by exercising the energies of his own mind that a student can
qualify himself for the bar. Any plan which would propose to make a
lawyer out of him without his doing the hard work for himself would be
idle and visionary. The virtue of any plan of instruction must consist of
two things:

1. That it cause the student to work, or, in other words, to study
diligently.

To accomplish this we give the student a portion of the text as a lesson
every day. and examine him on it the next day. He is required to answer
in the presence of the whole class, questions upon the lessons thus assigned.
If he has any spirit in him, or pride of character, this will insure the closest
application of which he is capable. Neither the old plan of studying in
a lawyer's office nor the old law-school plan of teaching by lectures has
anything in it to secure application. The student is brought to no daily
examination to test his proficiency. There is not the presence of a large
class in which he has to take rank, either high or low. All that is calculated



Cumberland University Bulletin 55

to stimulate him to constant, laborious application, is wanting in both these
plans. We suppose no young man would from choice adopt the office
plan as the best mode of acquiring a knowledge of law, and yet the law-
school lecture system is no better. The law is in the text-book. The pro-
fessor can no more make the law than the student himself. Every sub-
ject upon which a lecture could be given has been exhausted by the ablest
professors and printed in books after the most careful revision by the
authors. We would regard it as an imposition on students and as presump-
tuous on our part to pretend that we could improve upon Kent, Story,
Greenleaf, Parsons and others who have given to the public, in printed
form and acceptable to all, lectures on every branch of the law. It is better
for the student to occupy his time in learning, with our assistance, what
others have written, than in learning from anything we could write. If our
mode of teaching is more difficult to us, it is much more profitable to the
student.

2. The plan should not only be calculated to make a student work,
but it ought so to guide and direct him as to make him work to the greatest
advantage.

A man may work very hard, but still so unwisely that he will accomplish
no valuable object. It is equally so with the farmer, the mechanic, and the
the law student. The student ought to have such a course of study assigned
to him, and be conducted through it in such a way, that he will understand
at the end of his pupilage the greatest amount of pure, living American law,
and will know best how to apply it in practice.

The duty of the professor in this school is to conduct the daily examin-
ation of students upon the lessons assigned them; to direct their minds
to what is most important in the textbooks; to teach them what is and what
is not settled; to correct the errors into which they may fall; to dispel the
darkness that hangs upon many passages. This is necessary every day and
at every step of their progress.

MOOT COURTS

The law is a vast science, and a very difficult one; and the student
needs every possible facility to enable him, by the most arduous labor, to
comprehend its leading elementary principles. But this is not all he has
to do. He has to learn how to apply these principles in practice. This
is the art of his profession, and he can only learn it by practice. It is as
necessary a preparation for assuming the responsibilities of a lawyer as the
learning of the science. If he learns it at the bar, it is at the expense of
his client; if he learns it in the school, it is at his own expense.

The advantage of the Moot Court System is that it not only imbues a
student with the elementary principles of law involved in his cases, but
also with a knowledge of the law of remedies. It trains him also in th« dis-



56 Cumberland University Bulletin

cussion of facts, and to the exercise of that faculty which is so important in
real practice.

Practice in Moot Court forms a part of the plan of instruction. Every
student is required to bring suits in the forms adapted to all our courts,
and to conduct them to final hearing. The professors act as judges, and
the students act as attorneys, jurors, clerks and sheriffs.

COURSE OF STUDY

This has been selected with care from the best works of the best Amer-
ican authors. It begins with the rudiments, and extends to every depart-
ment of law and equity which may be of any practical benefit in this coun-
try, and is designed to prepare the student for an immediate entrance upon
the active duties of his profession.

It covers about ten thousand pages of living law, and is as compre-
hensive as the courses requiring two years' study in other law schools.
The period which we allow for its completion might be extended, at addi-
tional expense of time and money to the students; but we know from long
experience that, with the assistance and under the direction of the Faculty,
it can be thoroughly accomplished in ten months, and that by requiring
this to be done we prepare young men to receive a license to practice, and
enable them in the shortest time, and at the least expense, to begin the
work of life.

From the vast variety of legal topics, the law of which is taught in this
course, the following may be mentioned:

Husband and Wife, Marriage and Divorce, Parent and Child, Guardian
and Ward, Master and Servant, Pleading and Practice in Courts of Law,
Pleading and Practice in Courts of Equity, Principal and Agent, Partnership,
Factors, and Brokers; Bailments, Railways and Other Common Carriers;
Administrators and Executors and Probate of Wills; Trustees, Guaranty and
Suretyship; Sales, Warranties, Negotiable Instruments, Contracts, Corpora-
tions, Torts, Damages, Mortgages; Marine, Fire and Life Insurance; Equity
Jurisprudence. Criminal Law and Procedure, Real Property, Evidence, Dower,
Landlord and Tenant, Law of Nations, Constitutional Law, Federal Jurisdic-
tion and Procedure, Copyrights, Patents, Trade-marks, etc.



Cumberland University Bulletin 57

TEXTBOOKS

FOR THE JUNIOR CLASS FOR THE SENIOR CLASS

History of a Lawsuit. Barton's Suit in Equity.

Hughes on Evidence. Bispham's Equity Jurisprudence.

Clark on Corporations. Tiffany on Real Property.

Bigelow on Torts. Parsons on Contracts.

Peck's Domestic Relations. Black's Constitutional Law.

Childs on Personal Property. May's Criminal Law.

Rood on Wills. Rose on Federal Procedure.

Warvelle's Legal Ethics.

The above enumeration shows also the order in which the course is
pursued.

The right to substitute other text books for any of the above texts is
reserved.

Anticipating a very frequent inquiry, the retail price of each book is
here given, to wit:

PRICES

History of a Lawsuit $ 7.50

Bigelow on Torts _ 4.00

Clark on Corporations 4.50

Hughes on Evidence. _ _ 4.50

Barton's Suit in Equity. 3.00

Rose on Federal Procedure _ 5.00

Bispham's Equity Jurisprudence 7.50

Parsons on Contracts (3 volumes, each S7.50)... 22. 50

Black's Constitutional Law__ 4.50

May's Criminal Law 4.00

Peck's Domestic Relations 4.50

Childs on Personal Property 4.00

Rood on Wills. 4.50

Tiffany on Real Property 6.00

Warvelle's Legal Ethics 3.00

It is greatly to the advantage of the student to secure the latest edition
of each of these books. The fifth edition of the Lawsuit is essential, and
nothing older than the sixth edition of Parsons' Contracts can be used.

The entire course may be bought in Lebanon from our Treasurer, Mr.
W. J. Baird, at the prices stated above, or, if the student should prefer not
to purchase, most of the books for either class can be rented from him.

It must be remembered that the books used in this school are the reg-
ular textbooks of the profession, and will always be needed in practice,
and, when once bought, will last a lifetime.



58 Cumberland University Bulletin

NOT A LECTURE SCHOOL

Remember, this is not a lecture school. The law of the textbook is
assigned as a lesson to the student, and actually read by him, and he is
examined daily in the classroom on what he has read.

TIME REQUIRED

Each Class (Junior and Senior) requires a period of five months — that
is, the student, on entering the Junior Class, studies the books of that class
for a term of five months, and then, passing to the Senior Class, studies
the books of that class for another like term of five months, thus complet-
ing the entire course in ten months, or two terms of five months each.

WHEN TERMS BEGIN

The present term began January 20, 1925. The next terms will begin
the first Monday in September, 1925, and the fourth Monday in January,
1926. There are a Junior and a Senior class beginning with each term, and
students may enter at the opening of either term.

ADMISSION TO CLASSES

No student will be enrolled or allowed the privileges of the classroom
until he has paid in full the tuition and other fees of the particular class
which he desires to enter. Partial payments will not be accepted. Students
should come prepared to comply with this rule.

No previous reading of law nor any special literary qualifications other
than the equivalent of a high school education will be required to ente r
the school.

No one will be admitted to the Senior Class with a view to graduation
except such as have gone satisfactorily through the Junier Class here.

Students who do not intend to graduate may enter at any time, and in
either class.

EXAMINATIONS

There are no entrance examinations, but, in addition to the daily reci-
tation in the classroom, the student is required to pass a written exam-
ination upon each book on its completion; and from his grading on such
examinations, together with his standing at class recitation, and his ear-
nestness and fidelity in prosecuting his studies, the Faculty determines his
fitness for graduation. Absence from recitations or disorderly conduct
will lower the grade.

WHEN TO ENTER

It is desirable that students should enter as nearly as possible on the
first day of each term. Those entering later will be required to make up



Cumberland University Bulletin 59

such portions of the course as have been passed over by the class; and
where this is not practicable during the term, the student will be required
to remain over to complete the course under the direction of the Faculty.
No reduction of fees is made for late entrance.

RESULTS

A graduate of the Cumberland Law School has had the benefit of a year's
reading of solid law, and the experience of a year's practice in the Moot
Court. As a result, he is well grounded in a knowledge of legal principles;
he has learned how to talk to a client, how to prepare his case for trial, how
to try it, how to prepare a brief, how to deliver an argument on the facts
and on the law. Indeed, he is, on the day he is admitted to the bar, a
well-equipped lawyer of experience, and can manage his client's case with
the confidence and composure of an old practitioner. The very thorough
and practical manner of teaching law in this Law School insures such results
co every earnest young man who passes through its course and receives its
diploma.

DIPLOMAS AND LICENSE

A diploma conferring the degree, Bachelor of Laws, will be given all
graduates of the school. But to become a graduate, the student must
satisfactorily accomplish the entire course prescribed, by study and reci-
tation here, in the regular order, and under the immediate direction of
the Faculty. No exception to this rule will be allowed. Neither previous
reading, privately nor in other schools, nor reading here, in advance of
the progress of the class, by doubling, shall in any wise excuse compliance
with this requirement. The entire course must be completed here.

By order of the Trustees of the University, diplomas are to be awarded
to those students only who are present on graduation day, providential
causes alone excusing absence.

To obtain a license in Tennessee to practice law, all applicants must
pass an examination before the State Board of Law Examiners. It is, how-
ever, provided in the law that the examiners shall visit Lebanon to examine
applicants from this school. The course of study prescribed here, if ac-
complished under the direction of the Faculty, prepares the young man, in
the shortest time possible and at the least expense, for that examination.
The license, when authorized by the Supreme Court, will be delivered to
all successful applicants. It admits one to practice in all courts of Ten-
nessee, and those holding such license, and a diploma from this school should
be prepared for examination before their State Boards.



60 Cumberland University Bulletin

EXPENSES

Tuition fee for term of five months (in advance) $ 05.00

Contingent fee (in advance), per term 10.00

Library fee (in advance), per term 10.00

Diploma fee (for Seniors) 5.00

Room rent, per term, college dormitory, two in a room, each (in

advance) 25.00

These payments include a Recreation Tickit.

THE BOARDING CLUB

The price of board in the college dormitories will be $ 157-50 for the
school year, one-half of this amount to be paid at the beginning of each
of the two terms.

Those coming into the Club after the opening of the term, those who
leave before the close of the term, and those who elect to do so, will pay
by the calendar month, at the rate of $20.00 per month, in advance.

Those not rooming in the dormitories may obtain their meals there by
paying 50 cents per calendar month extra. There will be no deductions
for Christmas holidays. Board in the dormitories during the Christmas
holidays will be 25 cents per day extra.

There will be no deduction for table board except for continuous ab-
sence of two weeks.

LIGHT HOUSEKEEPING

Students expecting to do light housekeeping should bring their pillows,
bed-clothes, rugs and table linen, and should not bring dogs. Either rooms
or small houses can be leased.

Law students may secure rooms and board in the dormitory under the
same rules and regulations applicable to Academic students. Those desir-
ing to reserve room at the dormitory should send a deposit of $5.00, in ad-
vance. Students rooming elsewhere may board at the dormitory.

The following table in two columns exhibits a reasonable estimate,
based on board at $4.50 per week, of all necessary expenses:

junior senior

Tuition $05.00 $05.00

University fee 10.00 10.00

Library fee 10.00 10 00

Diploma fee 5.00

Boud, including room, lights, etc $10,175 to 136.00 186.00

Estimated total $220.00 $225.00



Cumberland University Bulletin 61

LOCATION

Lebanon is one of the oldest towns in Middle Tennessee, and celebrated
its centennial in 1902. It has been an educational center throughout its
history, and now has a population of about 6,000. The University is the
chief enterprise of the town, and as a result, the citizens are deeply inter-
ested in its prosperity. They accord to the student a hearty welcome.

LIBRARY

A large and valuable law library for the use of law students is open every
day in the week, Sundays excepted. It is located in the law building in a
comfortably furnished room, well lighted and heated. It contains over 6,000
volumes. Special mention may be made of the Xational Reporter and Digest
Systems, Corpus Juris, Ruling Case Law, L. R. A., both original and new
series, American Law Reports. Federal Cases, United States Reports, Amer-
ican Reports, American Decisions, American State Reports, English Ruling
Cases, and British Ruling Cases; besides a great collection of other standard
law books.

The library is kept up to date by the constant addition of new books
as published. All of the published opinions of the courts of last resort of all
the states of the United States during the last thirty-five years, together
with the opinions of all the inferior Federal Courts and the intermediate
Appellate Courts of the State of Xew York, are found in the library.

DIRECTIONS FOR NEW STUDENTS

New law students are advised, on their arrival in Lebanon, to inquire
for the Law Department's Treasurer, Mr. W. J. Baird, who is to be found
at the Commerce Union Bank, who will give them full information and
advice, and with whom they will matriculate.

SUMMER COURSE

There will be a summer course taught during the vacation of 1925, con-
tinuing eight weeks. This course will cover the law of Banks and Banking,
and the General Laws of Business, and will be found of great benefit to those
beginning the study of law, as it will be an addition to the regular course,
and will enable the student to spend the summer pleasantly and profitably.

This course is designed to benefit especially five classes of students:

1st. Those desiring to review.

2nd. Those desiring to prepare to take a regular course in law.

3rd. Those desiring to obtain a knowledge of law for use in business
other than the practice of law.



62 Cumberland University Bulletin

4th. Those desiring to obtain a knowledge of law as part of a liberal
education.

5th. Teachers who have time to study law only during the summer.

Tuition for summer course ._ $ 40.00

Contingent fee . _ 5.00

The summer course will begin June 15th, and end August 7th. It should
be of especial interest to teachers, as it can be taken by them without inter-
fering with their professional labors, and to bankers and bank employees,
who may take the course in the summer, when their duties are least con-
fining.

EXTENSION COURSE

The authorities of Cumberland University are thoroughly convinced
that the best method of acquiring the basis of a legal education is the study
of Uxt-books, and that an attempt to discurd the text-books and substitute
the study of mere cases, many of which involve collateral matter, tends often
to confuse the beginner rather than to instruct him. For the benefit of those,
however, who have completed our one-year course, there has been added an
extension course based upon a collection of leading cases and text-books.
The object of this course is thoroughly to familiarize the student with the
skillful use of a law library and the interpretation of judicial decisions, and
at the same time to furnish him a thorough review of the principles already
learned from the text-books.

This extension course will cover a period of one school year, and will
consist of a study of Cases on Contracts, Cases on Corporations, Cases on
Criminal Law, Cases on Negotiable Instruments, Federal Procedure, and
the Law of Evidence.

Other subjects may be added.

Tuition and fees will be the same as the charges made for the regular
course of one year.

For further information relating to the Law School, address

W. R. CHAMBERS,

Box 272, Lebanon, Tenn.



Cumberland University Bulletin 63

YANCEY SCHOOL OF COMMERCE
AND JOURNALISM



FACULTY

JOHN ROYAL HARRIS, B.D., D.D. President

WALTER BROWNLOW POSEY, Ph.B. (Chicago), A.M., Dean of the

School of Commerce and Journalism, Professor of Economics and Business
Administration, Business and Libel Laws, and Newspaper Administration.

FLOYD GRACE KING, B.S. (Bowling Green Business University), LL.B.,
(Cumb.), Instructor in Shorthand and Typewriting.

EDWIN RAY BENTLEY, A.B. (Texas Christian University,) Professor of
Journalism.

GEORGE W. VANZEE, B.S., M.S. (Illinois), Professor of Psychology, The


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