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study of individual differences, capacities, and factors the explora-
tion of special interests and abilities ; the organization of a guidance
program in studies, health-building and character-building activi-
ties, civic training, and imparting of vocational information, and
guidance in making vocational choices.
Text, lectures, and readings.
Three recitation periods per week.

301. Principles of Education. (3)

A course in the art of teaching based upon the science of Psy-
chology. A discussion of the principles of Psychology which are
involved in teaching and their application in the work of the class-
room laboratory, and workshop. The following problems are ana-
lyzed' and discussed, showing the interdependence of the various
aspects of teaching ; method and unit involved in mental develop-
ment" attention and interest; the formation of habits; memory anc
the principles of memorizing ; imagination, its development and use
thinking and reasoning; transfer of training; types of classroon
exercises ; how to study ; individual differences.

302. Principles oe Education. (3)
A continuation of 301.

303. Methods oe Teaching in High School. (3)

A course in methods for prospective high school teachers. Thi
course deals with typical problems of high school instruction, in
eluding such topics as : aims, selection of subject matter, variou
types of learinng, teaching the fundamental subjects, and measui
ing the results of teaching. Each student is required to apply th
methods discussed in presenting concrete lessons in the subjects n
expects to teach in High School.

304. Methods op Teaching in High School. (3)
A continuation of Education 303.



Cumberland University Bulletin 51

315. Educational Psychology. (3) See Psychology 203.

316. Child Psychology. (3) See Psychology 204.

317. Practical Problems of Teaching. (3) To be arranged.
Problems that have actually arisen in classrooms in discipline,

in dealing with school boards, with parents and others, are dis-
cussed and solved in a practical way. Original problems are pre-
sented and solved by members of the class.

Note : Not open to students having credit for Education 305.

318. Philosophy of Education. (3) To be arranged.
Standards in Education, past and present; the development and

present meaning of the concept of culture, humanism, growth, men-
tal discipline, education according to nature, the significance of child
life in education.

Note : Not open to students having credit for Education 307.

319. Student Teaching and Observation. (3) To be ar-
ranged.

Required of all Seniors in the Department of Education. Stu-
dents are to teach in their minor and major subjects. Open to Sen-
iors only.

320. Student Teaching and Observation. (3) To be ar-
ranged.

Continuation of Education 319.

Courses Offered in Summer School Only

501. Supervision op the Elementary School. (2) Dr.
Wherry.
Importance and objectives of supervision. Idealls, methods,
techniques, and means of supervision. Supervision of the various
elementary school subjects.

510. History of the Education of the United States. (2)
Mrs. Wooten.
Origin and development of educational institutions within the
United States, emphasizing the social, religious, economic, and po-
litical factors involved.



52 Cumberland University Bulletin

511. Organization and Administration of Secondary
Schools. (2) Mrs. Wooten.

Study of problems involved in the organization and administra-
tion of public education in its federal, state, and municipal relations.

Especial study of such problems as : adjustment of teaching load,
testing and grading pupils, problem of discipline, pupil guidance,
extra-curricular activities, teachers' meetings, and Parent-Teacher
organization.

515. Educational, Sociology. (2) Dr. Bone.

A critical survey of the sociological problems present in modern
education.

516. Modern Theories in Education. (2) Dr. Wherry.

A critical review and discussion course concerning modern edu-
cational theories. Particular attention will be given to the practi-
cal implications of these theories.

522. The Psychology oe the Junior High School Pupil.
(2) Dr. Wherry.
The psychological, emotional, and mental development of the
Junior High School pupil and a study of the relations of such de-
velopment to guidance, mental hygiene, classification, extra-curric-
ular activities, and teaching methods in the Junior High School.

401. The Curriculum. (2) Dr. Wherry.

The fundamental principles underlying curriculum construction.
A brief study of the history of the course of study and a review of
recent investigations and adopted curricula.

Special Methods Courses

503. Teaching oe Reading. (2)

The aims of the course are to train students to appreciate the
purpose of reading, to learn how to guide children in the establish-
ment of desirable habits that lead to rapid comprehensive readings
Among the topics studied are : Aims, word recognition, materials
methods, elementary library and dictionary motivation, diagnostic
and remedial teaching. Physchology of Reading necessary for ac
complishment of the above aims will be given.

Given Summer Term only.



Cumberland University Bulletin S3

504. Teaching of Grammar School Arithmetic. (3) Pro-
fessor Donnell.

Credit will be allowed in education only.

Particular attention is given to the objectives in each grade which
are taken up in order by the class, with the best methods of accom-
plishing them.

Given Summer Term only.

505. The Teaching of History. (3) Professor Young.
Important problems arising in the teaching of history, civics,

and current social events in the elementary grades as well as the
junior high school, takes up the greater part of the time used in
:his course.

Given Summer Term only.

506. Constructive English for Teachers. (3) Miss Jones.
Emphasis is placed upon grammar constructions, spelling punc-

Aiation, pronunciation, sentence, paragraph, short and long themes
I he object is to know well the mechanics of English.
Given Summer Term only.

512. Teaching of High School Classes. (2) Miss Jones.
A study of methods of presenting classics in an interesting man-

ler to grammar grade and high school students.

513. Teacher's Course in Modern Languages. (2) Dr. Saverio.
Method of teaching : A study of suitable materials and methods

or teaching a modern language to high school pupils. Textbooks
vill be examined and procedures in teaching will be discussed.
Given Summer Term only.

ENGLISH

Professors Mason and Jones
01. English Composition. (3) Professor Jones.

Study of the principles of rhetoric and composition, with special
mphasis on exposition and argument. Themes, conferences col-
iteral readings.

Required of all Freshmen.



54 Cumberland University Bulletin

102. English Composition. (3) Professor Jones.

Continuation of 101. Special emphasis on imaginative compo-
sitions.

Required of all Freshmen.

201. English Literature. (3) Professor Mason.

A survey of English literature from the earliest times to the
present day.

202. English Literature. (3) Professor Mason.
Continuation of 201.

301. American Literature. (3) Professor Mason.

A study of American Literature, with particular emphasis on the
social and intellectual backgrounds of American life.

302. American Literature. (3) Professor Mason.
Continuation of 301.

303. The Novel. (3) Professor Jones.

A study of the development of the novel in England and in the
United States.

Given 1936-37, alternating with English 323.

304. The Short Story. (3) Professor Jones.

A study in comparative literature of the short story as a vital
form of modern literature.
Given 1936-37, alternating with English 324.

321. Shakspere and the Elizabethan Drama. (3) Profes-
sor Mason.

A brief survey of the origin and development of English drama ;
then a study of the plays of Shakspere and of his leading contem-
poraries and followers.

322. Shakspere and the Elizabethan Drama. (3) Profes-
sor Mason.

Continuation of 321.

323. Modern Poetry. (3) Professor Jones.

A study of the new ideas, forms, and personalities in modem
poetry.

Not given 1936-37 ; alternates with English 303.



Cumberland University Bulletin 55

324. Modern Drama. (3) Professor Jones.

A study in the modern drama of Europe, England, and the
United States.

Given 1936-37; alternates with English 304.

401. Development of Literary Criticism. (3) Professor
Mason.

The most significant critical works from Aristotle to the present
day, with readings of selected works which illustrate these critical
theories and principles.

Not given 1936-37; alternates with English 403.

402. Development of Literary Criticism. (3) Professor
Mason.

Continuation of 401.

Not given 1936-37 ; alternates with English 404.

403. Advanced Composition. (3) Professor Mason.

Expository, imaginative, and argumentative writing, for advanced
students.

Given 1936-37; alternates with English 401.

404. Advanced Composition. (3) Professor Mason.
Continuation of 403.

Given 1936-37 ; alternates with English 402.

405. Victorian Poetry. (3) Professor Jones.

A study of the works of the important poets of the nineteenth
century.

Not given 1936-37; alternates with English 407.

406. Victorian Poetry. (3) Professor Jones.
Continuation of 405.

Not given 1936-37; alternates with English 408.

407. Victorian Prose. (3) Professor Jones.

A critical study of the prose of the nineteenth century exclusive
of the novel.

Given 1936-37; alternates with English 405.

408. Victorian Prose. (3) Professor Jones.
Continuation of 407.

Alternates with English 406.



56 Cumberland University Bulletin

409. Classical Mythology. (2) Professor Thompson.

A study of the mythology of Greece and Rome, with especial
consideration of its use in English Literature.
Not to be given in 1937-38.

410. Classical Mythology. (2) Professor Thompson.
Continuation of 409.

Not to be given in 1937-38.

411. Comparative Literature. (3) Professor Mason.

A study of the masterpieces of literature of the great nations in
order to enable students to form standards of comparison and to
acquire a discriminating taste for literary excellence.

FRENCH

(See Romantic Languages)

FUNDAMENTAL COURSES

Professor Wherry

101. Fundamental Course. (0) S.

The purpose of this course is to introduce the student to college
work, to explain mental life and the learning processes, to instruct
the student in the use of the library, how to study, improve mem-
ory, schedule and utilize time to the best advantage, and orient him
on his way.

102. Fundamental Course. (0) S.
Continuation of 101.

GERMAN

Proffessor Pflueger

101. Elementary German. (3)
Elements of German Grammar. Emphasis on pronunciation,

prose composition, and conversation. Reading of short stories.

102. Elementary German. (3)

Continuation of 101. Increased stress on reading and conver-
sation.



Cumberland Universitt Bulletin 57

201. Intermediate German. (3)

Reading of short stories and novels. Emphasis on conversation.
Part of the material to be covered will be assigned for rapid read-
ing. Prose composition once a week.

202. Intermediate German. (3)
Continuation of 201.

301. Advanced German. (3)

Representative works written during the nineteenth and twen-
tieth centuries. Part of the work will be covered intensively. Part
will be assigned for rapid reading. Written reports. Advanced
prose composition once a week.

302. Advanced German. (3)
Continuation of 301.

401. The German Drama. (3)

An advanced course in the modern drama. Plays of such authors
as Sudermann, Hauptmann, and Schnitzler will be read.

402. The German Drama. (3)

Representative plays of the German classic writers such as Schil-
ler, Goethe, Kleist, and Hebbel will be read.

418. Phonetics. (2)

Description of speech sounds with practice in their pronunciation.

419. Scientific German. (2)

вЦ† A reading course intended for Science students who will be as-
signed reading material in their particular field.

GREEK

Professor Thompson

The object of this study is to enable the studenl to read and to
appreciate the masterpieces of Greek Literature; to give an insight
into the life and thought of the Greek people; to lay a better foun-
dation for the study of English; and to enable ministerial students
and others to study the New Testament in the language in which
it was written.



58 Cumberland University Bulletin

History 313-314 is required of students majoring in Ancient
Languages.

101. First Year Greek. (3)

A beginning course for students who offer fifteen units for en-
trance without Greek. The work of the year purposes to secure
a mastery of the vocabulary, forms, constructions, and general prin-
ciples to be observed in reading Attic Greek; prose compositions,
translations, etc. White's First Year Greek.

102. First Year Greek. (3)
Continuation of 101 and Anabasis (begun).

201. Xenophon's Anabasis. (3)

The place of the Ten Thousand in Greek History. Inflections
and syntax. Life of Cyrus and Artaxerxes.
Prerequisite: 101-102.

202. Plato: Apology, Crito, Phaedo, Aristophanes: The
Clouds. (3)

Assigned readings on the beginnings and influence of Greek Phi-
losophy. Explanation and environment of Socrates' "thinking
shop." His relation to Plato and Aristotle.

Prerequisite: 201.

301. Demosthenes: On the Crown. (3) To be arranged.
Syntax and style ; place of the Greek orators in Greek literature ;

history of the period.
Prerequisite: 201-202.

302. Eupipides : Mediea, Aristophanes : The Frogs. (3) To
be arranged.

Origin and development of the Greek drama ; the Greek theater.
Prerequisite: 301.

303. Selections from Herodotus. (3) To be arranged.
A study of the struggle between Greece and Persia.
Prerequisite: 201-202.

304. Selections from Lucian. (3) To be arranged.
One of the most "modern" of the ancients.



Cumberland University Bulletin 59

401. Aristophanes: The Birds. Thucydides: The Sicilian
Expedition. (3) To be arranged.

For Juniors and Seniors who have had Greek 101, 102, 201,
and 202.

402. Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound. (3) To be arranged.
Prerequisite: 301.

403. New Testament Greek. (3) To be arranged.
Westcott and Hort's text is used. Attention is paid to the New

Testament manuscripts and versions.
Prerequisites: 101-102,201-202.

404. Greek Testament (continued). (3) To be arranged.
Prerequisites : 101-102, 201-202.

HISTORY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE

Professor Young

101. European History. (3)

A political and social history of Europe from the beginning of
the sixteenth century through the era of Napoleon.

102. European History. (3)

A continuation of 101. A fairly detailed study is made of nine-
teenth century Europe. Special reference is made to the rise of
nationalism and democracy.

103. History of the United States. (3)

From the discovery to the administration of Thomas Jefferson.
An intense study is made of the Critical Period after the Revolu-
tion, and the making of the Constitution.

104. History of the United States. (3)

From the beginning of Jefferson's administration through the
Civil War. The rise of the West, territorial expansion, the slave
controversy and the development of parties are given special atten-
tion.

201. English History. (3) To be arranged.

After a review of English History to 1485, with special atten-



60 Cumberland University Bulletin

tion given to the origin and development of English institutions, a
more thorough study is made of the Tudor and Stuart periods.

202. English History. (3) To be arranged.

A careful study is made of the development of parliament and
cabinet in the English Government, of the religious and economic
aspect during the nineteenth century and the development of British
imperialism.

205. History of the United States. (3)

Prerequisite : 103-104.
From the Reconstruction period through the administration of
Cleveland.

206. History of the United States. (3)
Prerequisites: 103-104-205.

Imperialism, the Roosevelt administration and influence, the
Wilson program, the Great War, and its problems and international
influences take up the major portion of this course.

307. Europe Between 1870 and 1914. (3)

Prerequisite: 101-102.

After a study of the diplomatic backgrounds of the World War,
a brief survey is made of the years 1914-1918.

308. Contemporary Europe. (3)
Prerequisites : 101-102-307.

First a careful study is made of the treaty after the World War.
After this each country is studied in view of present conditions.

311. The French Revolution and Napoleonic Era. (2)

Prerequisite : 101-102.

A complete story of the Revolution is studied with underlying
principles being stressed constantly.

312. Europe from 1815 to 1870. (2)
Prerequisites : 101-102-31 1.

Social and economic conditions leading to the 1848 revolutions,
relationship to Asiatic changes, and the growth of Nationalism and
Democracy are given thorough consideration in this course.

313. Greek History. (3) Dr. Thompson.

To the Roman conquest, with a study of the political, social, and



Cumberland University Bulletin 61

cultural contributions of ancient Greece to civilization.
Required of students majoring in Ancient Languages.
Given 1937-38.

314. Roman History. (3) Dr. Thompson.

From the founding of the City through the reign of Justinian.
Required of students majoring in Ancient Languages
Given 1937-38.

500. Europe from 800 to 1500. (2)

Stress is given to the elements surrounding society, government,
economic conditions, and religious creeds that formed a background
for modern civilization.

Given Summer Term only.

516. A Study of Diplomacy in World Affairs. (2)

(Offered to those choosing History or Political Science as a
Major or Minor.)

Given Summer Term only.

Political Science

201. American National Government. (3)

The development of the Federal Constitution ; the President and
his powers ; national administration ; the organization and procedure
of Congress; the power of Congress; the Federal judicial system.

Text, collateral readings, reports, and lectures.

Prerequisite : Must be preceded by or concomitant with History

Three recitation periods per week.
Given 1934-35 and alternate years.

202. European Governments. (3)

A comparative study of the governmental and political systems
of pre-war and post-war Europe. Stress is laid on the government
of Great Britain. But all of the principal powers are taken up.
The study is both analytical and comparative.

Text, collateral readings, reports, and lectures.

Prerequisites: History 101-102 and Political Science 201.

Three recitation periods per week.

Given 1934-35 and alternate years.



62 Cumberland University Bulletin

203. International Government. (3)

Technique of consular and diplomatic services; the treaty sys-
tem ; international arbitration ; international administration ; inter-
national conferences; international federations, including the
League of Nations.

Text, collateral readings, reports, and lectures.

Prerequisite: Political Science 202. Three recitation periods
per week.

Given 1936-37.

204. Political Parties. (3)

A historical view of the rise of American political parties ; pres-
ent party status ; electoral problems ; electoral reforms.
Text, collateral readings, reports, and lectures.
Prerequisites : 18 hours in History and Political Science.
Three recitation periods per week.
Given 1935-36.

349-350. Economics or Political Science. (1-3) To be ar-
ranged.
Minor problems. Advanced students in this department may
receive credit for acceptable research work done outside of the
classroom. The student must have at least 24 hours credit in Eco-
nomics, Political Science, and History combined, and must receive
the permission of the instructor. Students are urged to take Eco-
nomics 314, but this is not required. Credit is given in proportior
to the amount of work done and results accomplished. No studeni
shall receive more than a total of six hours credit in this course

520. State and Local Governments. (2)

A survey course in the administrative, legislative, and judicia
organization of State, County, and Municipal governmental unit:
in the United States.

Given Summer Term only.

LATIN

Professor Thompson

History 313-314 is required of students majoring in Latin. The
are also advised to acquire some knowledge of Greek. It is intei



Cumberland University Bulletin 63

esting to know that over three-fifths of the English language can
be traced back to Latin and Greek.

103. Cicero: Orations. (3)

For students who enter college with only two years' work in
Latin. Grammar and composition stressed.

104. Vergil: Aeneid. (3)
Continuation of 101.

111. Nepos: Lives. (3)

A study of some of the outstanding characters of Greece and
Italy. Open to students entering college with three or more years'
work in Latin.

112. Cicero and Catullus. (3)

Cicero's "De Senectute" or "De Amicitia" and selected poems
of Catullus are read.

211. Livy. (3)

Selections from Books 21, 22, 29, and 30 are read. A close study
of the First, Second, and Third Punic Wars.

212. Selections from Horace. (3)

A study of Horace's thought and style as revealed in his Odes,
Epodes, Satires, and Epistles.

301. Pliny and Tacitus. (3)

Selections from the letters of Pliny. The letters deal with the
life, customs, and political history of the times. The Germania
or Agricola of Tacitus is read in its entirety.

Prerequisites : 101 -202 .

302. Terence and Seneca. (3)

The place of comedy in Latin literature is considered, and its
relation to the Greek comedy. Phormio is read. The Tragedies
of Seneca, especially Hercules Furens and Medea. A thorough
Study of the tragedy.

Prerequisites: 101-301.

303. Juvenal: Satires. (3)

A studv of Roman life during the life and time of Juvenal.
Junior and Senior elective.



64 Cumberland University Bulletin

304. Vergil: Eclogues and Georgics. (3)

305. Primer of Mediaeval Latin. (3) To be arranged.

An interesting reading of later Latin. Private Life of the Ro-
mans. Senior elective.

306. Latin Classics in English. (3) To be arranged.

The best of the Latin Classics is read in English translation:
Century Readings in Ancient Literature. Elective for Seniors
majoring in Latin.

401. Lucretius. (3) To be arranged.
A study of Greek and Roman philosophy.

402. Cicero: Tusculan Disputations. (3) To be arranged.

403. Selections from Apuleius. (3) To be arranged.

404. The Minor Works of Ovid. (3) To be arranged.

411. Latin Grammar and Composition. (1) To be arranged.
Intended especially for students preparing to teach Latin.

412. Latin Grammar and Composition. (1) To be arranged.
Continuation of 411. Both these courses may be taken in two

consecutive years.

MAI HEMATICS

Professor Donnell

101. Plane Trigonometry. (3)

The definitions, laws, and formulas of Plane Trigonometry, with
their applications to the solution of plane triangles; applications
to Surveying and Navigation, with an introduction to the use of
Trigonometry in the extraction of roots and the development of
series.

102. College Algebra. (3)

A brief review of the fundamental operations of Elementary
Algebra, with practice in factoring and the use of radical and
fractional exponents ; graphical analysis and the use of determi-
nants in the solution of simple, simultaneous and quadratic equa-
tions ; ratios, proportion, and variation; arithmetical, geometrical,



Cumberland University Bulletin 65

and harmonic progressions ; binomial theorem ; elementary theory
of equations.

201. Plane Analytical, Geometry. (3)

A study of the conies with a brief account of Higher Plane
Curves. Required of all Sophomore B.S. students who elect the
Mathematical Course. Courses 101 and 102 are prerequisite.

202. Analytical, Geometry. (3)

Continuation of Course 201, with an introduction to Solid Ana-
lytics and the Differential Calculus.

Prerequisite: 201.

Required of all Sophomore B.S. students who elect the Mathe-
matical course.

301. Differential Calculus. (3)

A continuation of Course 202, embracing the principles of the
Differential Calculus and their applications to problems of rates,
motion curves and surfaces.

Prerequisite : 202.

< 'ptional to all students as a free-elective.

Required of all students who elect the Mathematical B.S. course.

302. Integral Calculus. (3)

The fundamental formulae of integration and the various methods
of reduction with their applications to the finding of lengths, areas,
volumes, centers of mass, and the moments of inertia.


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