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Prerequisite : 203.

( )ptional to all students as a free-elective and required of all stu-
dents who elect the Mathematical B.S. course.

403. Theory of Equations. (3)

This course includes a general solution of Cubic and Quartic
Equations, Newton's and Horner's methods of solution of Numer-
ical Equations and Determinants.

Prerequisite: Mathematics 301-302.

< )pen only to Seniors.

404. Differential Equations. (3)

A study of the more common types of ordinary differential equa-
tions, especially those of the firsl and second orders and their geo-
metrical interpretations and applications.

66 Cumberland University Bulletin

Prerequisite: Mathematics 301-302.
Open only to Seniors.

103. Mechanical Drawing. (3)

This course includes such subjects as : use of drawing instru-
ments, isometric cabinet and orthographic projections; intersec-
tions and developments of surfaces; line shading and shade lines;
linear perspective; working drawing, lettering and blue printing.

The course is given wholly in the drawing room, one lecture and
two laboratory periods per week. Students must do an average of
six drawing hours per week throughout the term and complete a
minimum of twelve sheets, to obtain credit for the course. Instru-
ments must be purchased through the instructor.

Optional to all students.

104. Mechanical Drawing. (3)

Continuation of Course 103, and given in the same way. To
get credit for the course students must do on the average six hours
drawing work per week and complete a minimum of twelve sheets.

Prerequisite : 103.

105. Mathematical Analysis. (5)

Introduction to mathematical analysis, including theory of equa-
tions, trigonometry, analytical geometry, elementary differential and
integral calculus and applications in many phases of modern science.
Not given unless as many as eight register for course.

106. Mathematical Analysis. (5)

A continuation of Course 105, which is prerequisite.

203. Plane Surveying. (3)

The study of surveying instruments with practice in the use of
the compass and chain ; land surveying with computation of areas
and mapping; public-land surveys with their history and the laws
pertaining thereto.

204. Plane Surveying. (3)

A continuation of Course 203 and including the study of the
level and transit, with practice in their uses and adjustments. Top-
ographical and city surveying; profile and cross-section leveling,
with computation of earthwork ; staking out simple curves.

Prerequisite : 203.

Optional to all students.

Cumberland University Bulletin 67


Miss Cutler and Prof. A. D. McCampbell

The purpose of the Department of Music is to give the best fa-
cilities for students who desire to pursue any branch of music,
practical or theoretical, and to furnish the best possible opportuni-
ties for the study of Piano, Voice, Harmony, History of Music.

Music students are urged to enroll in academic courses in other
departments along with their music, and thereby secure the varied
background of liberal culture which is a desirable asset in modern
social intercourse.

Music courses are open to ( 1 ) regular students who purpose
to qualify for a degree: (2) special students of college age who
meet college entrance requirements but who desire to register for
music only.


The university band is under the direction of a competent band
master of wide experience. One-half semester hour credit will be
given for work in band upon approval of head of Department of
Music. Not more than two semester hours credit may be obtained
in this manner.


For the purpose of acquiring confidence and becoming accus-
tomed to appearing in public, all students in Piano and Voice are
required to attend and participate in all public recitals.

Theoretical Music

101-2. History of Music and Appreciation. (2)

A study of the origin and nature of music masterpieces ; the
fundamental elements of music — melody, harmony, rhythm, and
tone color ; music techniques and music values. A general cultural
course which presumes only a limited acquaintance with music.

103-4. Sight Singing and Diction. (2)

Scale structures, signatures, syllables, intervals, and rhythms are
made the basis of drill in reproducing tones from printed score, and
in scoring melodies heard.

201-2. Harmony. (2)

Development and contributing influences from the beginning of
music to the present.

68 Cumberland University Bulletin


Miss Cutler

101-2. Preparatory — Scales, arpeggios and easy classics. (2)

201-2. Major and minor scales; sonatas; Bach's II and III voix
inventions ; compositions from the classics, romantic and
modern schools. (2)

301-2. Harmonic and melodic minor scales and arpeggios; sona-
tas ; etudes ; Bach's well-tempered clavichord ; classic, ro-
mantic, modern, and neo-modern schools. (2)

401-2. Scales in all forms; arpeggios and octavo; Bach's French
Suites, Preludes and Fugues ; repertoire for concert, utiliz-
ing works of the masters. (2)


101-2. Breath control, sight singing, and tone development ; easy

vocalization. (2)
201-2. Vocalization; poise; sight singing; easy songs and ballads.

301-2. Vocalization ; sight singing and resonance in singing and
speaking. Songs from the old Italian, French, and Ger-
man classics. (2)

401-2. Vocalization of masterpieces; the art of "recitation" as
applied to oratorio and opera; super-diction. (2)

Glee Club

Miss Cutler

One-half semester hour credit will be given for Glee Club work
upon the approval of the head of the Department of Music. Not
more than two semester hours credit may be obtained in this manner.


(Including Bible, Philosophy and Religious Education)

Professor Bone


101. Four Gospels and Acts. (3)

Life of Christ and work of Apostles. Historical background

Cumberland University Bulletin 69

Special introductions to the five books. The nature, character and
mission of Christ, and the chief events in the missionary activity
of Peter and Paul.

Required of Sophomores (two divisions).

102. Ethical Teachings of thk Old and New Testaments
Religious Education; the Family, Marriage and Divorce; Good
Citizenship ; and the Ownership and Distribution of Wealth. Ap-
plications of the Principles to Modern Problems.

201. Teachings of Jesus and the Apostles. (3)

Based on the teachings in the Gospels and the Epistles. Teach-
ings concerning God, the Son of God, the Kingdom of God, the
Holy Spirit, the Holy Scriptures. Love, Humility, Sincerity, Cour-
age, Forgiveness, Wealth and Poverty, Prayer, Family Life, the
Future Life.

Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors.

202. The Literary Study of the Bible. (3)

A study of the canon, manuscripts, and translations, and also a
study of the Bible as history, philosophy, epic, lyric, idyll, pslam,
hymn, song, sermon, prayer, and parable.

Sophomores, Juniors, Seniors.


301. Introduction to Phiujsophy. (3)

Definition of terms; relation to .science and religion; nature of
Bod, man and the world; the various theories of reality and of
knowledge; moral and aesthetic values.

302. History of Philosophy. (3)
A general survey of the more important systems of philosophy,

■orient, mediaeval and modern. The problems which the various

philosophers attempted to solve.
Juniors and Seniors.

303. Ethics. (3)

History of moral ideas; comparison of customary and rrtlective
nioralitv; moral situations and problems; types of moral theory;
the virtues; the individual, society and the state; the application of

70 Cumberland University Bulletin

moral principles to the economic order ; the family, marriage and
divorce; liberty and law; democracy and privilege; the future of
the race.

Juniors and Seniors.

304. The Philosophy op Religion. (3)

The origin, nature, meaning, and values of religion. A study
of the great religions of the East, and how they compare with
Christianity. The grounds for the Christian Faith. The validity
of the Christian Experience. The nature of Christianity. Brief
survey of modern religious denominations. The problem of evil.
The future life.

Required of all Seniors.

403. Religious Education. (2)

Principles. The relation of Education and Religion. The place
of religion in worship, in the family, and society.

404. Religious Education. (2)

An evaluation of methods and materials. Discussion of the extent
to which religion lends itself to the teaching process.


Mr. McIlwain and Mr. Vaughan
This Department offers the courses listed below in Physical Edu-
cation :
202. Playground Methods. (2)

A study of games and health program for children. Offered in
summer term only.

305. General and Personal Hygiene. (3)

306. Athletic Coaching. (3) A study of methods in wrest-
ling, boxing and tumbling.

405. Fundamentals of Major Sports. (3) Football, baseball,
and basket ball.

406. Continuation of 405. (3)


Mr. Donnell

101. General Physics. (4) Laboratory to be arranged.

The Mechanics of Solids and Fluids; Kinetic theory of heat
thermo-dynamics ; acoustics and theory of music.

Cumberland University Bulletin 71

Prerequisites : Mathematics 101 and 102.

Three lectures and one laboratory period per week.

102. General Physics. (4) Laboratory to be arranged.

Continuation of course 101. Optics and optical instruments;
magnetism and electricity ; electric machinery.

Prerequisite: Course 101.

Three lectures, one laboratory period per week.


Professor Wherry

101. Elementary Psychology. (3) Laboratory to be arranged.
A general course in the nature and principles of psychology. The

general principles of human behavior; a physiological analysis of
the effector, receptor, and connecting systems of human beings. A
survey of the reflexes and native reaction patterns, together with
the principal means of integration and motivation. The role of
posture in human behavior.

Text, readings, lectures, and experiments.

Required of all students in Education.

Given each year.

102. Elementary Psychology. (3) Laboratory to be arranged.
A continuation of Psychology 101. Intelligent behavior; Learn-
ing; Perceiving; Discrimination and Generalizing; Language hab-
its; Thinking. The bases of social behavior and personality.

Text, readings, lectures, and experiments.
Required of all persons taking Psychology 101.
Given each year.

201. Social Psychology. (3)

Human personality and the factors in its development. Origin,
nature, problems, and methods of social psychology, with a dis-
cussion of its tentative laws.

202. Abnormal Psychology. (3)

A study of the mental and emotional states that vary from the
normal, how people become abnormal, and what may be done to
prevent and cure such cases.

72 Cumberland University Bulletin

203. Educational Psychology. (3)

An application of scientific psychology to the process of teaching
and learning.

204. Child Psychology. (3)

A survey of the genetic and cultural development of young chil-
dren. Emphasis is laid upon the results of scientific study.

205. Educational Tests and Measurements. (3)
See Education 209.

206. Vocational and Educational Guidance. (3)
See Education 210.

207. Business Psychology. (3)

An intensive study of psychology as related to commerce, and
industry. Such units as advertising, selling, personnel, adminis-
tration, psychological test in business and industry, and the psy-
chology of the consumer are studied.

Alternates with 201.

208. Elementary Statistics. (3)

An introduction to the analysis of statistical data, designed par-
ticularly for those interested in psychology, education, and econom-
ics. The major topics considered are frequency distributions, aver-
ages, dispersion, correlation, and prediction.

Alternates with 202.

210. Adolescent Psychology. (3)

A study of youth of the high school age, in an effort to under-
stand his physical, mental, social, and spiritual life and interests.

Alternates with 204.

349-350. Minor Research Problems. (1-3)

Advanced students in this department may receive credit for
acceptable work done outside of the classroom. The student must
have credit for at least 24 hours credit in Psychology and Educa-
tion combined, 12 hours of which must be in Psychology, and must
receive the permission of the instructor.

Credit is given in proportion to the amount of work done and
the results accomplished. No student shall receive more than a

Cumberland University Bulletin 73

total of six hours' credit in these courses. Conferences and reports
of progress at the discretion of the instructor.
Given each semester.


Professor Rousseau

The courses of this department are arranged to suit the individual
needs. The interest in each student is personal. When the prob-
lem or ambition of the student is learned, the professor suggests
the course best suited to the accomplishment of his purpose.

A certificate of expression will be awarded to those students who
complete satisfactorily a two-year course.

A diploma of expression will be awarded to those students who
complete satisfactorily a three-year course.

Requirements for Admission

Candidates for admission to the regular two- and three-year
courses must be at least sixteen years of age and must qualify by
examination or certificate on fifteen units of high school work.

101. The Fundamentals of Expression. (2)

The study of teaching expression, of training body and voice to
express whatever thoughts are within a person to express.

102. Voice and Diction. (2)

( A study of the speech instrument. Acquisition of correct enun-
ciation and articulation, method of breathing.

201. Literary Interpretation. (2)

The object of this course is to develop skill in analysis and an
understanding appreciation of various types of literature.

202. Dramatics. (2)
Includes all phases of dramatic training. Students arc given the

opportunity to appear in one or more productions during the year.

203. Repertoire. (2)
The study of readings, stories, cuttings from plays, monologues,

orations, lectures, and after-dinner speeches, for the platform.

74 Cumberland University Bulletin

204. Story Telling. (2)

A study of child psychology leading to consideration of literature
suitable for children. The telling of stories in class, beginning with
the simplest folk tales, and progressing through all the traditional
types for each period of childhood. Dramatization and practice of
telling stories to children.

301. Pantomime. (2)

The training of the body to a sensitive realization of feeling, and
the expression of the many emotions by look and action.

392. Life Study. (2)

Impersonations from life, character study, and study of dialect.

Special Course for Law Students

This course of instruction for Law Students has been especially
arranged to give the greatest benefit possible in the least time.

The aim of this course is to enable the student to form proper
speech habits, to teach him to speak extempore, to encourage thor-
oughness in the preparation of speech ideas, to develop the ability
to think logically and systematically, to explain what constitutes
good speech and to give directions for constructing a good speech.

The student who satisfactorily completes this course will lay the
foundation for a direct, forceful manner of speaking which will
give him confidence and ease and permit him to speak freely and
well before an audience.

Each student is given the opportunity to prepare briefs and de-
liver several extemporaneous speeches in class.

The Philomathian Society affords opportunity for each student
to engage in public debate several times, and those who acquit them-
selves creditably are given further opportunities for speaking in

The lessons consist of one-hour periods twice a week in class
which can be supplemented by private instruction if desired.

Terms : Class 18 weeks, 2 hours per week, $20.00.

Cumberland University Bulletin 75



Mrs. Griebsch

101. Elementary French. (3)

The foundation of correct pronunciation is laid through phonetic
study and drill. Grammar, composition, reading, conversation, dic-

102. Elementary French. (3)
Continuation of 101.

201. Intermediate French. (3)

Continued stress on pronunciation and comprehension. Phonetic
and grammar review. Resumes and reading reports in French. One
thousand pages of outside reading of texts assigned by the instruc-

202. Intermediate French. (3)
Continuation of 201.

301. Advanced French. (3)

Grammar review. Conversation, composition, oral reports. Spe-
cial emphasis upon the most important historical and literary periods
of French history. Approximately one thousand pages of outside

302. Advanced French.
Continuation of 301.

404. The Drama.

Lectures in French upon the origin of the French Drama and
its development to the present day.

405. The Drama.
Continuation of 401.

403. Phonetics. (2)

Formation and combination of speech sounds. A description
of French sounds with practice in their pronunciation. Required
for a major in Romance Languages.

406. Survey of French Literature.

76 Cumberland University Bulletin


Professor Pflueger

301. Advanced Spanish.

Reading of short stories, novel, and plays written during the
nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Part of the work will he done
intensively, part will be assigned for rapid reading. Advanced prose
composition once a week.

302. Advanced Spanish.
Continuation of 301.

401. Classical Spanish. (3)

An advanced course in the drama and novel of the "Golden Age."

402. Classical Spanish. (3)
Continuation of 401.


(To be Appointed)

101. Principles of Sociology. (3) Thompson.

The origin, development, and characteristics of social institutions
and social behavior, showing the factors, forces, and means of con-
trol which are effective today.

Text, readings, and lectures.

Given each year.

102. The Family. (3) Thompson.

The evolution of the family as a social institution. Social rela-
tions within the family group. The family and society; problems
related to social attitudes and agencies. The family and the state.

Text, readings, and lectures.

Given each year.

201. Social Psychology. (3) Wherry.

Human personality and the factors in its development. Origin,
nature, problems, and methods of social psychology, with a dis-
cussion of its tentative laws.

Text, readings, and lectures.

Same as Psychology 201.


Cumberland University Bulletin 77

202. Abnormal Psychology. (3) Wherry.

A study of mental and emotional states that vary from the nor-
mal. How people become abnormal and what may be done to pre-
vent and cure such cases.

Text, readings, excursions, and lectures.


207. Labor Problems. (3) Wherry.
(See Economics 207 above for description.)

208. Population Problems. (3) Wherry.

Problems of the growth of numbers. Malthus and Malthusian-
ism, population policies, the standard of living, problems of move-
ment of population, causes and effects of migrations, future tenden-
cies, American migrations, the immigration problem, problems of
contact, policies of adjustment, Americanization, race relations,
American race problems.

Text, readings, and lectures.

Not to be given 1937-38.

301. Criminology. (3) Thompson.

A study of crime and juvenile delinquency from the point of view
of personality and social situations. The treatment of offenders
and the prevention of crime constitute the main body of the course.

Text, readings, and lectures.

Given 1936-37; 1938-39.

302. Social Work and Social Workers. (3) Thompson.
study of charities, corrections, and social work with particular

emphasis on family case work. Some field work. Permission of
instructor is required before registration.

Text, readings, lectures, and field work.

Given 1936-37; 1938-39.

314. Elementary Statistics. (3) Wherry.
(Sec Economics 314 for description.)


Commerce — Professor Crandal

109. Business English. Three hours a week.

Principles of English Composition with application to business
Communication, procedure and forms.


Cumberland University Bulletin

216. Secretarial Work. Five hours a week.

Elementary theory and practice of Gregg Shorthand and the
technique of typewriting, supplemented by instruction in the fun-
damentals of secretarial duties, filing and dictation.

217. Secretarial, Work.
Continuation of 216.

Five hours a week.

Special Short Business Course

(109) 3 hours *Business Law
( ) 2 hours * Salesmanship
(101) 3 hours Economics

( )
( )

( )

( ) 2 hours Advertising
( ) 2 hours Economic Geography (108)
( ) 3 hours *The Orient ( )

(216) 5 hours *Secretarial Work (217)

3 hours

2 hours

3 hours

2 hours

3 hours
3 hours
5 hours


( ) 5 hours *Accounting

( ) 5 hours

♦Business English
♦Office Management



♦Latin America
♦Secretarial Work

♦Required Subjects.

The Special Short Business Course is offered to accommodate
those who wish to get the greatest amount of practical preparation
for business in the shortest time.

Upon the completion of 32 hours of work, including the required
subjects, a Certificate of Proficiency will be granted, in either Sec-
retarial Work or Accounting.

The cost of the entire Commercial Course will be $50.00 per
semester, or a total of $100.00 for the year, plus $15.00 maintenance
and operation fee. If a student desires to take less than three sub-
jects in this Department, the charge will be $20.00 per course for
each semester.

This Special Short Business Course is arranged to accommo-
date those who wish to get the greatest amount of business infor-
mation in the shortest time and practical preparation for business.
Upon the satisfactory completion of this course a Certificate of
Proficiency will be granted. The examinations in shorthand and
typewriting are conducted under approved conditions by the Gregg
Business College and Standard Typewriting Tests and the certifi-
cates of proficiency issued by Cumberland are accredited as meet-
in? these standards.

Cumberland University Bulletin 79


Course of Instruction

(See description of courses elsewhere in the catalogue.)


101. Life of Christ. (2) Dr. Bone.

102. The Social Teachings of Jesus. (2) Dr. Bone.

201. The Grounds for the Christian Faith. (2) Dr. Bone.

202. The Apostolic Age. (2) Dr. Bone.

203. The Introduction to the Books of the New Testa-
ment. (2) Dr. Bone.

204. The Teaching of Jesus and the Apostles. (2) Dr. Bone.


101-102. General Inorganic. (8) Mr. Baird.

201-202. Qualitative Analysis. (6) Mr. Baird.

203-204. Quantitative Analysis. (6) Mr. Baird.

205-206. Organic Chemistry. (8) Mr. Baird.


501. Supervision of the Elementary School. (2) Dr.

502. Upper Elementary School Methods. (2) Mrs. Wooten.

503. Teaching of Reading. (2) Mrs. Wooten.

504. Teaching of Grammar School Arithmetic. (2) Mr.

505. Teaching of History. (2) Mr. Young.

506. Teaching of Grammar. (2) Miss Jones.

510. History of Education in the United States. (2) Mrs.

511. Organization and Administration of Secondary
Schools. (2) Mrs. Wooten.

512. Teaching of High School Classics. (2) Miss Jones.

80 Cumberland University Bulletin

513. Teaching of Modern Languages in the High School.

(2) Dr. Pflueger.
301. Principles of Secondary Education. (2) Mrs. Wooten.

303. General Methods of Secondary Education. (2) Mrs.

515. Educational Sociology. (2) Dr. Bone.

516. Modern Educational Theories. (2) Dr. Wherry.
522. The Psychology of the Junior High School Pupil.

(2) Dr. Wherry.
52.3. Reading and Literature in Elementary Schools. (2)
Mrs. Wooten.


101. English Composition. (2) Miss Jones.

201. Survey Course in English Literature. (2) Miss Jones.

301. Survey Course in American Literature. (2) Miss Jones

304. The Short Story. (2) Miss Jones.

317. Appreciation of Literature. (2) Miss Jones.


205. History of the United States, 1860-1900. (2) Mr.

311. History of the French Revolution. (2) Mr. Young.

312. History of Europe, 1815-1870. (2) Mr. Young.
500. History of Europe, 800-1500. (2) Mr. Young.

517. A Study of Diplomacy in World Affairs. (2) Mr


101. College Algebra. (3) Mr. Donnell.

102. Plane Trigonometry. (3) Mr. Donnell.
201. Analytical Geometry. (2) Mr. Donnell.
301. Differential Calculus. (3) Mr. Donnell.

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