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ntinuation of 301. Form of integration continued; the
definite integral; BUCCessive integration; applications of
integration. Pre-requisite: Mathematics 300 and 301.
Credit: Three hours. Spring



Cumberland University Bulletin 75

401 Differential Equations

Formation of differential equations ; equations of the first
order ; applications ; singular solutions ; total differential
equations ; linear equations with constant coefficients. Pre-
requisite : Mathematics 301 and 302 or their equivalent.
Credit: Three hours. Fall

402 Differential Equations

Continuation of 401.
Credit : Three hours. Winter

403 Differential Equations

Continuation of 402.
Credit: Three hours. Spring

MUSIC

103 Public School Music

A brief survey of Public School Music Methods and their
practical application.
Credit : Two hours. Fall

104 Public School Music

Continuation of 103.
Credit: Two hours. Winter

105 Public School Music

Continuation of 104.
Credit: Two hours. Spring

PHILOSOPHY

301 History of Ancient Philosophy

Survey of integrations of human knowledge by Plato,
Aristotle and other great classical thinkers.
Three lecture and discussion hours per week.
Credit : Three hours. Fall

302 History of Modem Philosophy

Integrations of Knowledge from Descartes to the 20th

Century.

Three lecture or discussion hours per week.

Credit : Three hours. Winter



76 Cumberland Univkksity Bullktin

303 Twentieth Century Philosophy

World views of some great contemporary thinkers.
Three lecture and discussion hours per week. Some re-
rch.

Credit : Three hours. Spring

304 .Indent. Modern or Contemporary Philosophy

Depending upon student demand.

lit: Three hours. Summer

RELIGION

101 Ni lament

The life and teachings of Jesus as recorded in the four
Gospels. A survey of the world into which Christ came.
A careful study of the social, political and religious con-
ditions of Jesus' day. A serious attempt will he made to
place the events of the life of Jesus in chronological order.
( Required for graduation )

Credit : Three hours. Fall

102 .V, tameni

Study of the f<>ur Gospels concluded; Hebrews; the
Epistles of John; Revelation. Special study of Hebrews.
Careful attention given to the apocalyptic interpretation-.
j Required for graduation )

Credit : Three hours. Winter

103 Old Testament

Survey of the Old Testament as a proper introduction to
the study of the New Testament.
( Required for graduation)

Credit I Three hours. Spring

PHYSICAL SCIENCES

'Idie courses of this group may be taken individually, without

ird to any other member of the series, or the complete series

may be used to meet any requirement for a twelve quarter-hour

survey of physical sciences or a year of science without laboratory.

While ections on physics and chemistry are not included



Cumberland University Bulletin 77

in this survey, a number of the major concepts of both are intro-
duced, e.g., the inverse square law, radiant energy, astronomical
and optical instruments (in astronomy), also various chemical and
physical phenomena in meteorology and geology.

100 Astronomy

This introduction to astronomy does not require special
mathematical knowledge but does include such topics as :
the earth as a planet, the sun as a star, the moon a satellite,
the solar system, comets and meteors, constellations of the
northern skies, variable and double stars, star clusters,
the Milky Way and other galaxies, astronomical instru-
ments and their uses.

Materials fee, $1.00.
Credit : Three hours. Fall

101 Meteorology

In this introductory course these topics are included : the
atmosphere as a gaseous film — composition, density ; vari-
able heat effects from differential heating ; troposphere
and stratosphere ; hydrosphere in relation to atmosphere ;
meteorological instruments ; weather maps and weather
forecasting.
Materials fee, $1.00.
Credit : Two hours. Fall

102 General (Dynamic) Geology

In preparation for the culminating course of this sequence
(103) maps, field trips, and special films are used to
supplement regular class work to develop a number of
major concepts such as: the nature of the lithosphere;
stream action ; unequal hardness and chemical composi-
tion of rock in relation to erosion ; the degredational effects
of ground water, ice, wave, and wind; diastrophism ;
volcanism.

Materials fee. $1.00.
Credit : Three hours. Winter

103 Historical Geology

The main theme of geology is the history ol the earth.
The history, as given in this course, is based on such topics



78 CuTOLAND Univkrsity Bii.i.ktin

and concepts as these : the main features of the rock record;
unconformities; the order of superposition of strata;
fossils as evidences of prehistoric life and as time markers;
well established periods in the geological time table; the
earth's rhythms; scientific theories as t<> the origin of the
earth; the probable future of the earth a> a planet.
Materials and transportation fee. $2.00.
Credit : Four hours. Spring

301 Teaching Science and Nature Study in Elementary School
Although part of this course may be used as a survey of
certain sciences, it is primarily concerned with materials
and methods of teaching whatever phase of science

likely to be encountered in the environment of the grade-
school teacher. Such references as Craig, Heiss and
others, writers in this field, are used.

Materials fee, $1.00.
Credit : Three hours. Summer

PHYSICS

101 General College Physics

The Mechanics of Solids and Fluids; Kinetic theory of
heat; thermn-dynamics ; acoustics and theory of music.

Pre-requisites : Mathematics 101, 102, and 103.

Credit : Four hours. Fall

102 General College Physics

tttinuation of Course 101. Optics and optical instru-
ments; magnetism and electricity; electric machinery.
Pre-requisite : Course 101.

Credit : Four hours. Winter

1<>. ; ral College Physics

Continuation of Course \02.
Pre-requisite: Course 102.

Credit : Four hour?. Spring

201 Advanced General Phy

A second-year course in general college physics. A knowl-
ed alculus ntial, but the calculus need not pre-



Cumberland University Bulletin 79

cede but may be taken concurrently. Concepts of Posi-
tion and Motion. Work and Energy. Friction. Impact.
Angular Motion. Wave Motion and Sound. Thermome-
try.
Credit : Three hours. Fall

202 Advanced General Physics

A continuation of 201. Electricity and Magnetism. Light.
Electron Physics and the Quantum Theory.
Credit : Three hours. Winter

203 Advanced General PJiysics

A continuation of 202.
Credit: Three hours. Spring

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Activity courses in volleyball, basket ball, tennis, badminton,
Softball, gymnastics, boxing, wrestling and touch football are
offered. Each student must take one or more of these courses.

201 Playground Methods

A study of games and health programs for children.
Credit: One hour. Fall

202 Playground Methods

Continuation of 201.
Credit: One hour. Winter

203 Playground Methods

Continuation of 202.
Credit: One hour. Spring

208 First Aid and Life Saving

American Red Cross tactics in First Aid and Life Saving

will be studied.

Credit : Two hours. Every quarter

405 fundamentals of Major Sports

Football, basket ball, baseball and track.
Credit: Three hours. Fall



80 Cumberland I ity Bulletin

Continuation of 405.

Credit : Three hours. Winter

4* '7 Continuation of 406.

Credit : Three hours. Spring

PHYSICAL EDUCATION FOR WOMEN

For the fii>t time in Cumberland's history an extensive course
in physical education for women will be given. As the new faculty
member has not yet been secured no formal outline of courses can
be incorporated in the current catalogue. All young women who
register will be required to take one or more courses later to be
outlined.

POLITICAL SCIENCE

201 American National Government

A descriptive and critical survey of the structure and
power of the various departments of the national govern-
ment.
Credit : Three hours. Fall

202 American Political Parties

A history of the political parties and an analysis of the
election machinery of the national and state governments.

Credit : Three hours. Winter

203 Organisation for Defense

A careful study of the various defense organizations of
OUT national government.
Credit : Three hours. Spring

PSYCHOLOGY

101 General Psychology

In introductory survey of problems and methods in the
scientific study of human behavior and experience. Ad-
justments by the individual in hi> daily living are stressed.
Three lecture, discussion, or demonstration hours per week.

Credit : Three hours. Pall



Cumberland University Bulletin 81



General Psychology



An introduction, or a continuation of 101, depending upon
interest and demand by th(
Credit : Three hours. Winter



interest and demand by those registered for the course



General Psychology

Introduction, or continuation, depending upon interest and
demand by those registered.
Credit : Three hours. Spring

General Psychology

Introduction, similar to 101.
Credit : Three hours. Summer

Educational Psychology

Survey of the heredity and structure of the individual;
the laws of learning; efficient methods in study and in-
struction; problems of educational personnel; psychologi-
cal tests ; relations between school and society.
Three lecture, discussion, or demonstration hours per week.
Credit : Three hours. Fall

Child Psychology

A survey of experimental and clinical contributions to the
contemporary field of child development. Heredity ; in-
fancy ; pre-school, and school periods ; adolescence.

Three lecture and discussion hours per week. Some

visitation.

Credit : Three hours. Winter

Educational or Child Psychology

Depending upon student demand.
Credit : Three hours. Spring

Educational or Child Psychology

Depending upon student demand.
Credit : Three hours. Summer



£2 CUMMILAND Univkksity Bulletin

SOCIOLOGY

101 Introductory Sociology

This course gives a background for the work in advanced
courses. It includes studies of physical, biological and
psychological data underlying social processes, principles
of association and social control, the origin, development,
and interrelation of society.

Credit : Three hours. Fall

I '_' Introductory Sociol

Continuation of 101.
Credit : Three hours. Winter

103 .American Social Problems

A >tudy of social problems of present day America.
Credit: Three hours. Spring

SPANISH

101 Elementary Spanish

Klements of Spanish Grammar. Emphasis on pronuncia-
tion, prose composition and conversation. Reading of short
stori<-.
Credit: Three hours. Fall

102 Elementary Spanish

Continuation of 101.
Credit : Three hours. Winter

103 Elementary Spanish

ntinuation of 102.

Credit: Three hours. Spring

Intermediate Spanish

Reading of a hook on Mexico, with composition and con-

tion. Review of the < '.ramniar.
Credit : Three hours. Fall



Cumberland University Bulletin 83

202 Intermediate Spanish

Reading of short stories and novels, much emphasis on
conversation and composition.
Credit : Three hours. Winter

203 Intermediate Spanish

Continuation of 202.
Credit : Three hours. Spring

301 Advanced Spanish

Study of authors of the 19th and 20th centuries, and the
reading of representative short stories, novels and plays
by these authors.
Credit : Three hours. Fall

302 Advanced Spanish

Continuation of 301.
Credit : Three hours. Winter

303 Advanced Spanish

Continuation of 302.
Credit : Three hours. Spring

401 Classical Span is h

An advanced course in Spanish Literature.
Credit : Three hours. Fall

402 Classical Spanish

Continuation of 401.
Credit : Three hours. Winter

403 Classical Spanish

Continuation of 402.
Credit : Three hours. Spring



CUMBERLAND UNIVERSITY
LAW SCHOOL



Session oe 1942-43

Established 1847

CARUTHERS HALL
Law School Building



FACULTY

Laban Lacy Rice, A.B., M.A., Ph.D.
President

Frank T. Fancher, LL.B.,
Dean and Professor of Law

Samuel B. Gilreath, LL.B.,
Professor of Law

Sam S. Bone, A.B.,
Business Manager

Sara Hardison, LL.B.,
Secretary and Librarian



HISTORICAL NOTE



Cumberland University, has bad a long and enviable history,
having entered upon its career in 1842. Since that time it has sent
out fifty college presidents, one hundred college prof ty-

five Congressmen, fifteen United States Senators, fifteen Gover-
nors of states, two justices of the United States Supreme Court
one hundred and seventy district judges, twelve Federal judges, and
forty-one justices of State- Supreme Courts. Twelve hundred
ministers are numbered among its former students. Its eighteen
thousand matriculates and six thousand graduates have come from
all parts of this country. Seven foreign countries have been repre-
sented.

The Law School was created as a department of Cumberland
University on February 22. 1S47. At various subsequent sittings
of the board the plan of organization was perfected, and in the
month of October. 1S47. the first term opened, with one professor
and seven students present. Judge Abram Caruthers was the pro-

sor. He was called from the bench of the Circuit Court to this
new work by the Board of Trustees. Robert L,. Caruthers. who.
fur many years, was President of the Hoard, provided the first
classroom in his own office. Judge Abram Caruthers has been
recognized as one of the ablest judges who ever presided in the
courts of the state. His opening address attracted wide attention,
and was copied and commented upon in many of the legal publica-
tions throughout the country. He assailed and utterly discredited
the old system of teaching by lectures, and insisted that the science
of law should be taught like any other science.

The school was at once a success. Judge X. Green, Senior, then
one of the Supreme Judges of the State, was called to assist Jud.L, r e
Caruthers in the conduct of the school in 1848. He did not resign

a member of the Supreme Court until 1852. Judge Bromfield
L. Ridley l>ecame a Professor of Law in 1N4K, and served until
1852. In 1856, X. Green, Junior, was elected a professor, the
prosperity of the school requiring the services of three instructors.
These three gentlemen continued as the Faculty until the beginning
of the Civil War in 1861, At that time there were one hundred
and eighty law students in attendance. Judge Abram Caruthers
died during the war. Judge X. Green, Senior, survived the war
and assisted his son, X. Green, Junior, in the revival of the school,
but died, at an advanced age and full of honor-, in 1866. He was
succeeded ar by the Hon. Henry Cooper, and two yi



Cumberland University Bulletin 87

thereafter, Judge Cooper having resigned, Judge Robert L. Ca-
ruthers, who was for many years on the Supreme Bench of the
State, was elected to fill the vacancy. He resigned in 1881 be-
cause of advancing years and feeble health, and Dr. Andrew B.
Martin succeeded him, serving until his death, May 19, 1920.

Judge Nathan Green, Junior, having taught as a Professor in
the Law School for more than sixty years, died on February 17,
1919. He was succeeded bv Judge Edward E. Beard, who served
until his death, June 18, 1924. In July, 1920, W. R. Chambers
was elected as the successor of Dr. Martin, and in October, 1923,
Judge Albert Williams was selected as a Professor of law.

Judge A. B. Neil was elected Professor of Law in September,
1930, and was made Dean in January, 1935. Judge Neil was
graduated from the Law School of Cumberland University in
September, 1896. He served for many years as a Criminal Judge
and later as Circuit Judge, and is now a member of the State
Supreme Court.

Judge Frank T. Fancher was a member of the law faculty from
September, 1935 to June, 1937; re-elected. September, 1939.
September, 1941, Judge Fancher became Dean. He graduated
from this law school under the teaching of Judge Green and Dr.
Martin and has had vast experience in the practice of law in Ten-
nessee and Florida. In 1915-1916, again in 1937 and in 1940-1941
he served by appointment of three different Governors as a
Special Judge on the Supreme Bench of Tennessee. For over
twelve years he was a member of the Board of Law Examiners
of Tennessee.

In June, 1932, Judge Samuel B. Gilreath became a Professor
of Law and has served continuously since. He graduated from
this law school in 1925. He is the Author of the latest revision
of Caruthers History of a Law Suit, a great work on Civil Prac-
tice.

This is one of the oldest law schools of the South, and its suc-
cess from the beginning has been unparalleled by any other similar
institution. Thousands of young men have here received instruc-
tion in the law. They are to be found in every section of the
country and in every honorable station for which professional
training fits them. Souk* have reached the l>ench of the "greatest
court on earth." the Supreme Court of the United States, and



88 Cumberland University Bulletin

many arc or have been Chief Executives of States and members
of both houses of the United States Congress. Indeed, wherever
found, in public or private station, on the lxmch or at the bar,
their .successful careers, attributable in some degree to the syste-
matic training received here, are giving prestige to their Alma
Mater.

No law school in the country has furnished the profession a
more honorable and worthy body of graduates than has this school,
and it is with commendable and natural pride that the institution
now points to the record of these distinguished sons.

WOMEN ARE ADMITTED to the same classes with men as
students. The course being thoroughly .practical, prepares stu-
dents either to practice law. or to conduct their business according
to law.

Location

Lebanon, one of the oldest towns in Middle Tennessee, cele-
brated its centennial in 1902. It has been an educational center
throughout its history, and now has a population of about 6,000.
The University is the chief enterprise of the town, and as a re-
sult, the citizens are deeply interested in its prosperity. They ac-
cord to the students a heart v welcome.

-

PLAN OF INSTRUCTION

It is only by exercising the energies of his own mind that a
student can qualify himself for the bar. Any plan which would
propose t<» make a lawyer of him without his doing the hard work
for himself would be idle and visionary.

The student is required to answer, in the presence of the whole
class, questions upon the lessons assigned. If he has any spirit in
him or pride of character, this will insure the closest application
of which he is capable.

For over ninety years it ha- been the policy of the school to use
the great textbooks a- a method of instruction. A larger field of
law is thus covered in a given time than by the casebook system.
The effort i- to prevent the student from being a "mere case
lawyer." and to develop a profound knowledge of the underlying
principles of the law.

During the second year tin "casebook" method of instruction
i- largely followed. In the study of the great cases, the student



Cumberland University Bulletin 89

is brought face to face with the practical application of the funda-
mental doctrines he has learned from the text books and to better
rivet them on his mind.

From the very beginning, students under a competent instructor
are taught the origin of the law, its object and purposes, its
philosophy, as well as its growth and development.

Pursuing the course which has prevailed in the law school since
its foundation, the law professors have a sympathetic attitude
towards the student, realizing that many subjects are difficult to
master. It has never been the policy of the law school or its
faculty to determine whether the students have the ''right" to
engage in the practice of law, which attitude prevails in many of
the law schools in the United States.

Moot Courts

The law is a vast science, and a very difficult one ; the student
needs every possible facility to enable him. by the most arduous
labor, to comprehend its leading elementary principles. But this
is not all he has to do. He must learn how to apply these principles
in practice. This is the art of his profession, and he can only
learn it by practice. It is as necessary a preparation for assuming
the responsibilities of a lawyer as the learning of the science.

The advantage of the Moot Court System is that it not only
imbues a student with the elementary principles of law involved in
his case, but also with a knowledge of the law of remedies. It
trains him also in the discussion of facts, and to the exercise of
that faculty which is so important in real practice.

Practice in Moot Court forms a part of the plan of instruction.
Every student is required to bring suits in the forms adapted to
all our courts, and to conduct them to final hearing. The students
act as attorneys, jurors, clerks, and sheriff

Library

A large and valuable law library for the use of law students is
open every day in the week. Sundays excepted. It is located in
the law building in a comfortably furnished room, well lighted and
heated. It contains over 7.500 volumes. Special mention may be
made of the National Reporter and Digest Systems. Corpus Juris.



90 Cumberland I m Bulletin

Corpus Juris Secundum, Ruling Case Law. American Jurispru-
ce, I.. R. A., both original and new series, American Law l\e-
ports, Federal Cases, United States Reports, American k
American Decisions, American State Reports, Kn^lisli Ruling
Cases, and British Ruling Cases, besides a great collection of other

-tan< lard law bool

The library is kept up-to-date by the constant addition of new
books as published. All of the published opinions of the courts of
sort of all the states of the United States, together with the
opinion- of all the inferior Federal Courts and the intermediate
Appellate Courts of the State of New York, are Found in the lihra-
rv. We also have the statutes of the forty-eight states.

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION AND GRADUATION

At a meeting of the Executive Committee of th< 1 of

Trustees on December 13. V>37. it was definitely decided to confer
the Bachelor of Laws degree only after two years of resident study
in the Law School, effective September 12, 1938.

PrE-LEGAL 1 n. Two vears of College credit-. In

August, 1938, the Supreme Court of Tennessee adopted as one of
the rules for admission to the Bar a requirement that every appli-
cant shall. i tmination, file with the Secretary of
the Hoard of Bar Examiners a certificate showing at least two
Coll ring to comply fully with the forc-
ing rule of the Supreme Court, which meet- with the approval
•he Law Faculty, every student must hie such credil the
University Registrar in order to become a candidate for the LL.B.

COURTESY CREDIT

A candidate for a d< in the College of Arts and Science

will not receive any courtesy credit on such degree by attendance
in the Scl Law unless all college credits shall have heen

tied in resident attendance in the College of Art- and Science

Cumberland University; and the recipient of such shall not

have Keen tl: ' ciary of any financial deduction therefore;

and in such case not over three quarter hours credit for each

r in attendance in the School of Law will he accepted toward

the College of Arts and Science d<

Xo part time credit will he given to any Student in any coursi
who attend- ci than one quarter.



Cumberland University Bulletin 91

Exceptions — Special Students

Students living in states which require only a High School edu-
cation may enroll as "Special students" and upon completion of the
full two-year course will be entitled to receive a "certificate" signed
by the President of the University and Dean of the Law School.
Every "special student" who has received a certificate and success-
fully passed his bar examination may apply to the Board of Trustees
for the LL.B. degree. In determining his right to the degree,
consideration will be given to his record as a student, the recom-
mendation of the Board of Law Examiners, the presiding Judge
of a Court of record in the state in which he may be licensed to
practice law. as well as other reputable citizen>.

"Special" Students May Receive the LL.B. Degree

All "special" students, who have (upon completion of the two
year course) an average grade equal to the average of those who
are qualified to become candidates for the LL.B. degree may re-
ceive the degree upon completion of such additional studies as the
faculty may prescribe.

The school recognizes the fact that "college credits" should not


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